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THE AHOUS, SUNDAY. DECEMBER 17. 1899.
HEAT PROM THE SUN.
HOW LITTLE OF IT WE GET IS ALMOST
Sclr Oit Sunbeam la Two Thoo
.and Million. Alights Ipoi Tnl.
Earth A Pen Picture of tbe Actnml
Condition of the Fiery Orb.
The sun is for the most part simply
wasting his beat flinging away the
gulden rays that are the life of the
world with a recklessness beside which
all human waste is mere parsimony.
It Is almost beyond belief. Scarcely
one sunbeam in 2,000,000,000 alights
upon the earth, and allowing for tbe
whole solar system not more than one
In 100,000,000 ever bits anything, so far
as we can ascertain.
Sir Kobert Ball's comment on this
waste of tbe sun's beat is: Suppose a
man with an income of $1,000,000 a
year. lie spends for useful purposes
1 cent and throws tbe rest away, Uis
wastefulness is no greater than that
which this old prodigal tbe sun has
practiced for untold ages.
Tbe untold amount of beat which
thus leaks away through the cracks in
the sky cannot be expressed by figures.
It Is only by considering what It might
do that we can get any conception of
it. This is probably the most striking
illustration, and is given by an eminent
Suppose a solid shaft of ice two miles
square to be extended like a bridge
across the gulf which separates the
earth from the sun. If a track were
laid on its surface an express train
running at full speed would require
more than 150 years to traverse it. Yet.
if the whole heat of tbe sun were turn
ed upon it for a single second it would
be melted, and In a few seconds more
all. even to the railroad iron, wouid
drift away as vapor.
But what is the source of this beat
that flows into space as the gulf
stream pours Into the Atlantic, warm
ing the earth and other planets like lit
tle islands in its course? What keeps
up the supply?
If the sun were merely a white hot
ball, gradually cooling, our grandchil
dren would indeed get a chill; or,
lather, neither they nor we would ever
have seen the sun. The final frost
would have fallen long ago.
N'or can the beat be maintained by
fire, as we understand the word such
lire as warms and now and then
consumes our houses. If it were a
glolK? of flaming coal it could have last
ed but a few thousand years; It would
have been burned to ashes long before
we were Inirn. AH the coal on the
-arth would hardly keep the sun going
for one-tenth of a second.
A falling meteor gives out great heat.
Just as a bullet is heated when It
strikes the target. Some have conjec
tured that a vast 6treani of these little
hailstones raining upon the sun supplies
it fuvl. But if the whole mass of the
moon wpre iut into a st.ne crusher,
as well as regular
styles that are
A beautiful line of
silk Suspend s . .
broken up &nd thrown against the sun,
it would barely furnish heat for a sin
gle year. And no such weight could
possibly approach tbe sun without our
Yet. In its own chosen way, the sun
really has its fires. With proper in
struments we may see tbe red flames
spouting from its edge, sometimes to a
height of 400,000 miles higher than
tbe moon floats above the earth. To
some of them our world would be uo
more than a water drop falling from a
To gain any idea of the almost inex
haustible reservoir from which the sun
draws its beat we must first picture its
actual condition. Matter there is In a
state unlike anything ever seen upon
earth. It is neither solid nor liquid
nor in any familiar sense gaseous. Tbe
sun is a boiling, seething, flaming mix
ture of the gases or vaiors of all the
elements condensed by tbe tremendous
squeeze of solar gravity until it is
thicker than pitch, and so hot that its
vaporized iron might be used for steam
power if there were any loiler fit to
hold it. It has no definite surface, but
shades away from this incandescent
paste, through leaping flames of blood
red hydrogen to the faint streamers of ;
the corona, as filmy as a comet's tall
This writhing mass, heavier on the
average than water and yet as un
stable as air. does not even rotate like
other orbs, but swirls around its axis.
In tbe terrific tension of these gases
is stored up the energy of the sun. As
this escapes In gushes of heat they do
not cool, but slowly contract. It is
quite possible that they even grow hot
ter as they thus settle downward and
compress themselves into a denser
A total shrinkage of 220 feet a year
will account for the whole expenditure,
and so small a change In the size of the
disk could not lie detected until it had
been watched for thousands of years.
This will go on until the substance of
the sun ceases to be essentially gase
ous. Then will come the beginning of
the end. for from that time forth the
actual temperature of the sun will de
cline. This, however, will be in some tut
distant day, for careful scientists as
sure us that our race will enjoy un
diminished sunshine for at least 5,000
years, and perhaps for twice 0,000.
Then, while tbe sun slowly reddens
and darkens, our earth will die. After
that comes tbe night of ages. Charles
Kelsey Gaines in New York World.
To Catch Him.
Fuddy I want to get acquainted
with Mosklns. but I hardly know how
to go about it, he's such a queer fish.
Duddy A queer fish, eh? Why don't
you drop blm a line? Boston Tran
script. The Terslans in C1G B. C. Invented
a transparent glass varnish, which
they laid over sculptured rocks to pre
serve them from bad weather. This
coating has lasted to our day, while
tli rocks beneath are honeycombed.
Holiday ' Aeoooocemeot
line of new effects in
BATH ROBES, new imported novelties, must
THREE CARD MONTE.
CAREER OF THE MAN WHO INVENTED
THE SMOOTH TRICK.
He Imposed on Many Men of Hlffh
Standing- In the Xatioa. Made a
Barrel of Moner With HI. Swln
dlinit Game aad Died a Paaper.
Lew Ilouck was the inventor of the
notorious three card monte trick and
about the cleverest card sharp in the
world. Ilouck was well known in Kan
sas City, where Le operated on and
off for 20 years, making tbe city a
sort of way station on bis trips east
The last time Ilouck was here he had
just returned from a European trip.
He produced papers and letters to
Bhow that while he was in London be
was feted and dined by some of the
upier crust of English society. He
bad passed there as a wealthy and
traveled American. He had letters,
too, from Secretary Oluey, Secretary
Carlisle and other leaders of the Amer
ican political world which recommend
ed him In the highest terms not only
to the American representatives
abroad, but to any friends of the writ
ers who might meet him. And these
letters were genuine. Their authentici
ty could not be doubted. Ilouck bad
a way of getting entrance into the ex
clusive clubs of Washington, Philadel
phia, New York and other cities, ami
n his role of "gentleman of leisure" he
had so imposed on men of high stand
ing in the nation that they thought
him all be represented himself to be
and gave him the letters of introduc
tion that heliM-d him to fleece the aris
tocracy of Europe.
Ilouck invented the three card monte
game before he became of age. This Is
a trick with cards that has fleeced
tuore people out of money than any
other game ever practiced. The trick
Is played with three aces, two black
ones and one red. It is always played
with a confederate to help, or stall,"
for the game. The operator takes the
three cards between his fingers, show
ing them to the victim, and then shut
tles tbem about and drops them face
down upon the table, offering to bet
any amount of money that no oue can
pick out the red ace.
At this point the operator turns bis
head a moment to spit or to speak to
some one in the crowd behind him,
and in that moment tbe confederate
picks up the red ace card, shows it to
the victim, "crimps' tbe comer of the
card and slyly lays it down again, ap
parently all unseen by the operator.
The operator again shuffles the three
rards and throws them upon the table
face down. There lies the card with
Its crimped corner. The victim sup
poses, of course, that It is the red ace
and bets and picks it up to find that it
Is a black one, and be has lost his
Tbe operator, when he picked up and .
shuffled the cards carelessly the sec- j
Of the very best nrkes. $1 ()
and perfect fitting, new r I
All the latest designs in
and stripes and plain 2c $1 50
He. 50c and Dure silk
of every description, all colors,
any qualities. See our SI. 50 kind
also all silk mitts and gloves
orid'timc". "witS a'VIeft movement of his
fingers removed the crimp in the red
ace card and put a similar crimp in a
black ace card. That was all there
was to the trick. Ilouck worked it for
years in hotels, on billiard tables, at
fairs and circuses and on railroad
trains and Steamboats. He taught the
trick to Canada Bill, a noted gambler,
and the two worked together over all
the country. They paid thousands up
on thousands of dollars to railroad men
in the old days for the privilege of
working the game on trains, and they
Later, when nearly every state in the
Union passed laws aimed directly
against the working of the three card
monte game, it became unprofitable
and was given up by Ilouck. But about
that time an Ingenious English cockney
invented the '"three shell" game, which
was even more productive than three
card monte, aud Ilouck took it up. The
three shell game is i modern improve
ment on tite ancient thimblerigging
game that was worked at English fairs
for many years. The old way was for
the operator to crook his knee over the
head of a cane that stood upright. on
the ground and move a small seed
around between three thimbles on top
of his leg. offering to bet that no one
could pick the thimble under which
the seed was bidden.
The lesson taught by the lives and
deal lis of Houck and Canada Bill and
all the rest of their kind is that it never
pays to be dishonest or to live by one's
wits. These men may get great sums
of money by sharp practices in the
course of a lifetime, but they all die
Ioor. and most of them die iu prison.
Canada Bill, who worked with Houck
on trains out of Kansas City aud
made probably $1,000,000 iu his life,
died a iniier in the almshouse in
Lebanon, Pa., aud is buried iu a pau
per's grave. Ilouck droped dead on
the street In Dnrango, Mexico, and his
widow In Ohio had to solicit aid to get
bis body home to give it decent burial.
Kansas City Star.
In : Bokhara, where the finest and
most costly camel's hair shawls are
made, the camels are watched while
the fine hair on tbe under (tart of their
bodies is growing. It is so carefully
cut that not a hair is lost, aud it is
stored until enough has beeu accumu
lated to spin. The yarn made from
the hair Is of surpassing softness and
is dyed all sorts of lovely colors.
"What," asked the sentimental
young woman, "was the most touching
incident you ever witnessed?"
And after some thought Senator
Rorsliuui answered, with emphasis:
"An election." Washington Star.
In times of scarcity the South Afri
can natives sometimes rob the ants'
nests, and as much as five bushels of
grain have been taken from a single
that is pretty and
' of the newest
.. . 1
WART The Hatter
TWO BLUFFS THAT WON.
A Pleasant Meeting Between the Ed
itor and the Reporter.
Jack Rogers was a newspaper report
er and broke. He had hung around the
Dubuque newspaper offices for a job
until he bad been requested to move ou.
So he decided to move on to Des
Moines. But how to get there was the
question. Jack put on his thinking
cap, and the result was that two hours
later he found himself on a train and
the conductor standing by his seat.
I "Ticket:" said the conductor.
"See here, conductor." said Jack easi
i ly, "my name's Rogers, and I'm a re
I porter ou the Des Moines Air Blast.
I'm broke aud I'm iu a hurry to get
back home with a big scoop. You let
me ride and the oflice'll fix it up with
you. See 7"
"Well," said the conductor, "l guess
that'll do all right. The road feels
friendly toward The Air Blast. In
fact, the editor is in the back coach.
Come along and I'll Introduce you. If
he says you're all right. It goes."
Jack was knocked all iu a heap at
the turn things had taken, but he had
nothing to do but to follow the con
ductor. They halted lu front of a man
in the coach, and the conductor said:
"Mr. Sniitem, this is Mr. Rogers. He
says he's a reporter ou your paper, and
wauts the oflice to pay for his transpor
tation when be gets to Des Moines."
"How do you do. Mr. Kogers?" said
the editor pleasantly, extending his
hand. "Glad to see you. Sit down
here witii me." The conductor didn't
wait for any more, but went off.
"Well, this is nice of you," said Jack,
too astonished and embarrassed to talk
straight. "Of course, I'm not on your
paper, but I'm broke aud yarned to the
conductor, hoping to get a job and
square it up later."
"Oh. that's all right, my boy." said
the other. "Neither am I on the pa
per. I'm only riding on the editor's
pass." San Francisco Bulletin.
EGGS BY QUART.
White or Mixed In Tbla War of Mar
keting "Hen Fruit."
"Give me a quart of yolks."
"What are whites worth today?"
"Seud me up a gallon of mixed."
Such expressions as these will be fa
miliar terms in grocery stores and
butcher shops iu Kansas City beforo
long. Housewives will make them so.
for eggs will be sold by the pint, quart
and gallon Instead of by the dozen. Iu
fact, the big confectionery establish
ments of the city buy them by the gal
lon now. Kitchen economy suggested
the scheme, and local packers imme
diately took it up.
How often it is that a cook will
break a dozen or more eggs in order to
get the yolks to make a cake. The
whites will be thrown away, or vice
versa. Why not make a saving of the
whites or yolks, as the case may be?
was suggested. The packers put the
question to the confectioners, and the
latter saw the noiut. Now. when a
In blues, blacks, browns and tans
Styles cut and perfecting.
of the latest
be seen to be
confectioner wants to' make 'staff with
the yolks he sends to a packing bouse
and buys yolks by the gallon. If be
wants to use the whites for some
thing, he sends for them. If he wants
to use both, be sends and gets a mixed
can. It is predicted that housewives
will soon adopt the same method.
With this new system of baudling
"hen fruit." there is absolutely no loss.
The eggshells are even used. They
arc ground up aud sold for chicken
feed. Kansas City Times.
An Anelent Coin.
One of tbe prized curios of the Phila
delphia mint is a coin which is 2,000
years old and which was coined at the
ancient mint of that other Philadelphia
of the far east meutioned in the Bible.
It is still in good conditiou. aud the
inscription is perfectly legible. The
desigu on the face of the coin bears a
striking resemblance to the Goddess
of Liberty of our own currency, and
underneath is the one word "Demos."
which means "the people." On the
other side is the figure of Diana, w ith
her bow arched, aud the Inscription,
"Diana. Friend of the Philadelphians."
When this coin was struck off, Phila
delphia was the most important city of
Lydia. The prize was picked up in
Europe by Joseph Mlckley. a cele
brated Philadelphia violin maker and
numismatist of high repute, who pre
sented it to the mint. Philadelphia
Robert Hilliard, the actor, once
brought a young English woman to
see "El Capitau." She was much im
pressed with De Wolff Hopper and re
marked: "What a charming man your
Mr. Hopper is! Tell me. is be mar
ried?" "Been married three times," was the
'Three times!" she repeated. "And
they are all three dead?"
"No," was the answer; "divorced."
"Ah," she rejoined, "I see! He is a
Grass Hopper." San Francisco Argo
naut. Wood Tar.
Wood tar is still made as it was in
400 B. C. A bark is chosen and a
hole dug, into which the wood is
placed, covered with turf. A fire is
lighted underneath, and the tar slowly
drips into the barrels to receive it.
She George, is that one of those ci
gars I gave you on your birthday?
He No; I'm saving those for my
She You dear, self sacrificing, un
selfish man! Ohio State Journal.
The Business For Him.
Little Charles Sister told mamma
yesterday you was born to be a poli
tician. Mr. Skimpley A politician? I won
der why she thinks so.
Little Charles She says ynu can do
so much talkin without committin
yourself. Chicago Times-Herald.
Ladies' and Gents' tight roll and
leather cases a special
line for Xmas. price
All the latest fads of fashion,
colored collars, all the rage,
Of the newest design
THE OLD TIME BELLE. V"
The Bnsy Modern Girlhood Smiles'
Over Her Trivial Interests.
Au ertract from the "journal of :i
young lady of fashion" several eeutu
ries ago makes one feel quite relieved
that It IS not really a part of elegant
living nowadays to keep journals, re
marks au exchange. Poor little faded
journal! The delicate little baud that
penned those cramped lines, maybe,
was given to "John Grey." For ro
mance's sake, let's hope that it was.
"7 o'clock Went to walk with tbo
lady, my mother, in the courtyard.
"10 o'clock Went to dinner; John
Grey, a most comely youth but what
is that to me? A virtuous maiden
should be entirely under the ilirection
of her parents. John ate but little and
stole a great many tender looks at me;
said women would never be handsome,
iu bis opinion, who were not good na
tured. I hope my temer is not intol
erable. Rose from tbe table;
the company all desirous of walking
in the fields: John Grey would lift me
over every stile, and twice he squeezed
my hands with vehemence. I cannot
say I should have any objectious to
John Grey: he plays at prison bars as
well as any of the country geutlemen
and is remarkably dutiful to his par
ents, my lord and lady, and never
misses church on Sunday."
A sample of poetry dedicated to "a
young lady"xshows what women wero
served with In tbevway of literature;
And lie whose lot is blcmed. "
Ai only man's can be, V,
Will find too sure s rest ? tK
On earth with thee. .
4a Where sll is bright nd lair 4JyK jlj?
And sorry joys entomb, V if 'I
Thou'lt be transplanted there ,v J
And ever bloom.
O ye shades of our ancestresses!
What would you think of the contents
of some of our library shelves? What
would you think of the rosy checked
girl who would consider such poetry,
as you read simply too insipid and stu
pid for any use? Baltimore Herald.
. Christmas Menu.
Patties ol Mushrooms.
Saddle of Mutton. Knglish Style.
; Potato Croquettes.
Turkey with Chestnuts and Truffles.
Stuffed Green Peppers. Roast 8weet Potatoes
Ruddy Duck. F.scarole Salad.
LBrie Cheese. (
Plum Pudding. Hard Sauce. -.
Ice Cream. " .
Jj Fruits. Cakes. Nut. sod Raisins. J--!
fyy Cofita. -4
Cupid In a linn.
"Our engagement is off again."
"What's the matter now?"
"I cave her a belt buckle with my
photograph ou it, aud she uses It to1
fasten her dog's collar." Chicago Hec-!
Water charged with carbonic
r, is nowj
gas, in other words, soda water,
prescribed as a palliative for
especially for the abnormal sense i ofj
hunger due to disease. aj