Newspaper Page Text
ROCK ISLAND ARGUS.
VOL. LIU. NO. 213
BOCK ISLAND. ILL., SATURDAY, .JUNE zr, 104.
PAGES 9 TO 12.
"S. EXERAL XICOLAI BOBRI-
KOFF, governor general of
Finland, who was shot and
mortally wounded while enter
ing the door of the senate house a.t
Helsiugfors, was some years ago one
of "SkobelefTs men." He won a rep
utation at that time as an able com
mander, but a man of extreme harsh
ness and even cruelty. In his admin
lstration of Finland this reputation
was rather enhanced than diminished
Ind'-d. his appoint
ment as governor
general wiis made
on the ground that,
being so stem a dis
ciplinarian, be would
be the man to carry
out the Imperial or
der that "Finland
must be Russian
ized." He lust no
time In obeying the
czar's behest, and
his severity cost
him his life. The
KOFF. Finns claimed that .his appointment
was in violation of their constitution,
which guaranteed them the rlght(to ac
cept At refuse th'' nominee of the czar.
His efforts to compel enlistments In
the Russian- army resulted in riots in
which many people were injured. Six
months ago an attempt was made to
kill the chief of olice of Helsiugfors.
and 'the assassination of BobrlkofT Is
doubtless the precursor of more trou
ble In Finland.
M1ss Susan B. Anthony was one of
the conspicuous figures at the recent
International eoandl of women in Ber
lin. Gei'Uinuy, mid despite her advanced
years she holds her wonted grasp on
the affairs of the time with remarkable
.success. As one of the pioneers of the
movement for broadening the opportu
nities of women she can look back over
a life given up to unselfish effort to ad
vance the condition of her sex. At
eighty-four she is not only respected,
but beloved, and It is now almost im
possible to realize that In earlier years
her name was so often hooted and
Jeered. She has grown old gracefully.
Her voice is still
strong and clear,
and she retains
wonderful c o m -mand
of her facul
ties. An incident In
how much Ideas in
rega rd to women
have changed since
she was a girl,
largely as a result
of her labors.
When she was six
ITTSAN B. ANTHONY.
years old and living at Batlenville.
N. Y., she was sent to a district
school taugtit by n man In winter
and by a woman in summer. No
teacher oppolnted to the school could
teach Susan long division or under
stand why a girl should need to learn
such a subject. Before Susan was
much older her father built a new
bouse, and one room in It was devoted
to school pappOSCS. Better teachers fol
lowed, and little Susan was thus en
abled to learn all about long division.
An interesting episode in onneetlon
with Miss Anthony's appearance before
the international council of women was
the presentation of the venerable cham
pion of woman's rights to the large
audience by "ount von Bulow, who
chivalrously kissed her hand as he led
her forward. The Gciiuaa societies
represented in the council of women
have done much to create conditions
favorable to the advancement of the
women of that county. The change in
public sentiment is most notable in
the matter of higher education for
women, gymnasium courses for them
having recently been established in
many cities of the empire. Even the
universities have begun to open their
doors to the gentle sex.
J. Frank Ilonly. who has teon nom
inated for governor of Indiana by the
Republicans, had a hard Struggle as a
young man to get his start on the road
to professional prosperity and political
preferment. Mr. Hauly was loru in
1S3 at St Joseph. HI., in a log cabin.
The nearest neighbors lived four miles
away, and educational privileges were
limited. When young Hanly was six
years of age his father purchased a
history of the civil war, and from this
the lad learned to rand. He conned the
hook so faithfully that he soon became
familiar with every page of It. and. in
deed, almost knew the story of the war
by heart. In 1S7,
when nanly was
thirteen years of
nge. there was a
Fourth of July cele
bration at Cham
paign. 111., and the
eloquent Will Cut
back of Indiana
was the orator. The
speech so impressed
the ambitious boy
that he was tilled
with an ardent de
sire to h-x-ome edu
J. FRANK HANI Y.
cated and take part in public af
fairs. But young Hanly's father was
an invalid, and the burden of pro
viding for the younger children fell on
him. To add to the misfortunes of the
family the mother, in 175. became
MhsaV The future gubernatorial nom
inee had then obtained about six
months' schooling all told and could
not think of securing further education
then. At sixteen he went to Indiana,
where he dug ditches, sawed wood and
worked aa a farm hand, in the latter
capacity receiving 15 per month. In
the winter he was able to attend school
for six weeks. In this way and by de
voting spare time to reading he ac
quired enough education to teach the
rudimentary branches in the district
schools. He married at eighteen. While
teaching school he studied law and was
admitted to the bar In isso. in, rise
in his profession and in politics has
John Sharp Williams. Democratic
leader of the house, is one of the best
story tellers in -ongress. He said the
other day that he went to Texas a few
years ago with a party of prospective
English land investors. They stopped
at a small tuwu. and the mayor took
them to the leading saloon and intro
dwed them to the bartender, saying:
"Jack, these gentlemen are earls,
dukes and lords from England. What
do you think of that?"
"Well. Bill." said the bartender to the
mayor, "they ain't but two classes of
men in this here place. One class
takes sugar in
thelrn and the oth
ers ain't so blanked
particular. What '11
you have, gents?"
Judge Tate of Geor
gia used to have ad
joining rooms at a
hotel. One night
Williams was hur
riedly dressing to
go to a dinner. lie
had a hard wrestle
with his collar and
JOHX SHARP WIL
LIAMS. another with his tie. Finally he had
the one buttoned and the other tied.
and he threw on his coat and went into
"Judge," said Williams, "how do I
Tate arvejed Williams carefully.
"Really. John." he said finally, "I
think you would look much better if
you would? put your trousers on."
Mrs. Sarah Flatt Dec ker of Colorado,
who was recently elected president of
the General Federation of Women's
Clubs, once declined an election to the
same office under Interesting circum
stances. It was at the convention four
yean ago at Milwaukee, and Mrs.
Decker, then Miss Piatt, was the choice
of the majority of the delegates for
rhoto by Strains.
of the federation.
But she would not
accept an election,
and it appeared aft
e r w a rd that she
was about to be
married and would
not let even the hon
Dr of election to such
l posit Ion of Influence
imong women Inter
fere with what she
thought to be her
duty to her future
husband. After sev
SARA II I'LATT
eral years of mar
ried life Mrs. Decker now feels that she
can properly assume the dnties of pre
siding officer of this influential lody of
women. Her experience as a wife has
not lessened her Interest In the wel
fare of, woman In general or changed
her belief i"!iat in flie 'matter "of po
litical status woman should be on an
equality with man. At home she lias
taken an active part In public affairs,
for In Colorado women enjoy the privi
lege of the Iwillot. She delivered an
address at the rei-ont convention of the
General Federation of Women's Clubs
in St. Louis on the subject of the re
sults of woman suffrage In Colorado.
Her election as president of the feder
ation was opposed by antlsuttragist
members, but the progressive element
Colonel William C. Greene, the multi
millionaire "copper king." who has
bought the San Itafacl de la Zanja
ranch in southeastern Arizona, is now
said to be the greatest landowner on
the American continent. The ranch
embraces .'100,000 acres and, with the
cattle upon it. cost him $1.2oo.n. Be
fore the purchase of this ranch he al
ready owned to the eastward of It
200.000 acres In Arizona, and over the
border In Mexico, In the state of So
nora. be has fully a million acres
of land. secured
through direct deed
from the Mexican
government or in
form of Spanish
land grants. All this
is one grand cattle
range, and in the
Mexican part of the
domain lies the Ca
nea chain of moun
tains, where the cop
per mines from
! WIIK'U ma jr, ill. 1 , ,
i fortune has mainly been gained are lo
1:1, . f n1n.ui1v
Colonel Greene went through all kinds
of narrow encage from death on the !
M-Tten border in the .lavs when he !
was known as "Broncho Bill." but be
never had greater occasion to display
his nerve than one day last spriug on
Broadway in New York. He was ac
costed by a man with whom at one
time he bad bad business dealings and
who was the representative of
Mexican mining company. The man
claimed that money waa owed him j
and threatened to kill lhecolopel. He
eiilpEasIzed the thr'ea" Py'slfowing the
muzzles of two revolvers which he held
In . ......I-.., I ., .) ... V.n
iu uf " & i. i ill ainu i i iuu i uc i
could press them against Colonel
"We'd better talk it over first." cool
ly remarked the colonel. "I'm on my
way to my office, and I'll talk with you
there." Later in Greene's office a de
mand for $500,000 was made, but the
"copper king" completely outwitted his
assailant and without giving up any
money landed the man who had threat
ened his life in the hands of the police.
CAPTAIN VAN SCHAICK.
Career of the Commander of the III
Fated Gearral Sloeam.
It Is not uncommou for a commander
to lose his ship, but happily it is a rare
occurrence when a captain loses both
his ship and hundreds of the lives com
mitted to his care.
Captain W. .11.. Van .Schaick of the ill
CAPTAIN W. H. VAN" SCHAICK.
fated" excursion steamer General Slo
cum, the burning of which in the East
river on June IS entailed the loss of
about 000 lives, stuck to his post until
the flames drove him from the pilot
house. He Is an old seaman and claims
to have done the best he could in the
handling of the burning steamer. Cap
tain Van Schaick Is sixty-one years of
age. He was a pitiable sight as he sat
in the police station In the borough of
Bronx. New York, where he was taken
by the officers who arrested him soon
after the occurrence of the disaster.
His feet were blistered by the flames
before he left the pilot house. He was
dripping wet. for he had jumped over
board and swam ashore on North
Brother Island when the boat ground
ed. Ills sufferings and the shock of
the horrible calamity, for which he
knew the public would hold him in
some sense responsible, seemed to have
unnerved him completely.
Captain Van Schaick said that when
he started out on the morning of June
15 with the party of merry excursion
ists from St. Mark's Lutheran church.
New York, he supposed his vessel was
in good order for the trip. There were
probably between l.tOo and 1.000 per
sons on board, the large majority wo
men and children. He was glad when
lie got by Hell Gate without an acci
dent, but almost at that very moment
the Are broke out in the forward part
of the vessel and in scarcely live min
utes the ship was aflame from Ikw to
Btern. Captain Van Schaick has been
criticised for not running his boat
ashore the moment the tire was discov
ered. Instead of doing so he steamed
for North Brother Island, about half a
mile away. He claims that this was
the only place he could beach her safe
ly. The captain was taken from the
police station to a hospital, where it
was found that his foot was broken
and he had been burned severely.
Cannla In Knitlanri.
Canals in England date back to an
early period, for the Romans built two
in Lincolnshire-the Foss dike, forty
miles long and still navigable, and the
Caer dike. The first British made ca
nal was constructed in 1134 by Henry
L and joined the Trent to the Witham.
It was toward the end of the eight
eenth century that the greatest amount
of energy was expended in the building
of canals, me inly due to the Duke of
Bridgewater and the skill of his en
gineer, James Brindley. In the last
decade of that centnry a canal mania
Hrhakinn an Emperor.
Once, so the story goes. Emperor
Nicholas of R maris asked Liszt to play
in his presence. The musician com
plied, but during the performance the
czar started a conversation with an
aid-de-camp. Liszt stopiod playing at
once. The czar aked what was the
matter. "When the emperor speaks."
said Liszt, "every one must be silent."
The czar smilingly took the hint, and
the playing proceeded.
"Are you sure." asked the captain of
industry, "that yon lore my daughter?"
"Come. I say." replied the duke.
on -'oin Ul
.vour tlln or . are JoU MCngU
I Heir l in if.
"Their marriage was a hasty affair.
"Yes. indeed. They told the minister
to hurry, as they had engaged a cab-
man by the hour." Judge.
Oistom may lead a man Into many
errors, but it justifies none. Fieldint.
DOUKHOBORS OF THE CANADIAN
NORTHWEST GOOD FARMERS.
They Are Forjrettlne Their Extreme :
Ideaa and Working to Bnild l'p j
Their Colony Quaint ( nutomn Be- !
It is now about five years since the
peculiar religious sect known as the
Doukhobors left Russia owing to the
persecution received there and settled
in the Canadian northwest. For three
years the Ikmkhobors made progress; in his latest project, the publication of
in the establishment of their coniniuni- J daily newspapers In midocenn on
ties, and then the fanatical character j board the great Atlantic liners. Hith
of their belief led many of them to ' crto transatlantic passengers on reach
abandon work, end the colony received ' ing land have been very anxious to get
a setback. Recently c onditions among i the news. They could scarcely wait
the Immigrants have been improving.
Last year the Doukhobors at Yorkton.
N. W. T.. raised 100,000 bushels of
wheat. They have purchased large
quantities of farm machinery, includ
ing eight steam plows, which are
moved about from place to place as
needed by different members of the
commune. The extensive railway con
struction which Is going on In that part
of the Canadian northwest has given
opportunity for the employment of
many members of the sect, and those
for whom they have worked speak well
of their character and capacity as la
borers. The men employed on railroad
work are said to have earned last year
about $110.XX). which they turned into
the general treasury of the commune.
The pilgrimage of the Doukhobors
two years ago in search of Jesus
Christ, whom they believed to be alive
again upon the earth, was attended by
Incidents strange and grotesque as
well as pathetic. The propensity of
the pilgrims for discarding their cloth
ing when they went on the search for
the returned Redeemer subjected them
to suffering and hardship of extreme
character, for the climate of Manitoba
and its vicinity in the fall and early
winter is not adapted to pilgrimages
in which warm clothing Is cast aside
anil the body exposed to the tender
mercies of the elements. The Canu-
A DOUKHor.OR FAM1LT GBOUP.
dlan authorities at that time were com
polled to resort to force In suppressing
the demonstrations of the Doukhobors,
and the northwest mounted police ar
rested many of the leaders, who in
some cases were treated by the courts
as lunatics. Hut the Doukhnbor men
who go among their Canadian neigh
bors have through contact with them
gradually come to drop the more fa
natical of the practices of the sect.
"The members of , the sect are, as a
rule, very ignorant, though the extent
of tliis illiteracy will diminish now
thtt their home Is in the new world in
stead of the old. Some of their ideas
art' harmless and some quite praise
worthy, while their aommunal life is
in many respects unhpie. The Douk
holxirs are all vegetarians, but are
capable of the hardest kind of lobor.
The villages of the sect contain from
100 and 12." families each, and each
village is a commune by itself. At first
a common purse existed, village store
houses and granaries and bathhouses
were provided, and other communal
features were adhered to, but these
conditions have changed.
The Immigrants brought with them
from faraway Russia many of the
ways of living which are common in
the most downtrodden jKirtions of the
czar's empire. The women, even after
reaching Canada, workd in the field
and were sometimes harnessed to the
plow. The houses were thatched with
straw or turf, and the floors were of
clay. All lived and slept In one room.
These conditions are changing, for
with their habits of frugality, their
industry and their simple vegetarian
diet these former European peasants
are becoming well off as a class and
are gradually adopting many American
ideas. They never tate strong drink.
They go alsut their work with songs
of praise and before they eat always
ask a blessing on their food. A quaint
custom still kept up is that of arousing
the villagers In the early morning by
the singing of a choir which patrols
the streets and which sings again in
the evening to lull the toilers to sleep.
Many of the changes which have
I leon introdueil mi anil J in the colony
have been due to the influence of I'eter
Veregin. a Ioukhohor leader, who
seems possessed of much slirewdBess
and good sense. lie has disi-arded his
native costume, has cat off the long.
sweeping beard he formerly wore .and I
urr" ' ' '
fofyrfp Vnv ' .JkT
yj in place of Russian blouse and trousers
now wears clothes of the ordinary
j American type, including starched lin-
en and neat cravat. He uses his influ
ence to Introduce among the farmers
the improvements of an up to date
American agricultural community.
MARCONI'S LATEST HIT.
The Wireless Dally Nevrapaper fa
Mid ocean a Complete Success.
Signor Gugliclmo Marconi, whose
success in the application of the princi
ples of wireless telegraphy is one of
the marvels of the twentieth centurv.
has scored a hit from all points of view-
; for the steamer to reach her dock to
BIGN'OB OrOLTELMO MARCONI.
learn what had happened on shore
while they were on the ocean. But
hereafter on ships which have wireless
daily newspapers for the pleasure and
convenience of their patrons no such
eagerness to learn the news is likely to
be manifested when the steamers ar
rive in port.
The Cunard Dally Bulletin is the
name of the first daily newspaper to be
published in midocean by the aid of
wireless telegraphy. The Cunard liner
Campania had the honor of witness
ing the birth of this new venture in
Journalism. During a recent trip from
Liverpool to New York the paper was j
printed every morning and gave in
brief form all the Important news of
the world as well as "local news"
that Is, reports of doings on shipboard, j
The newspaper was sot up and printed !
at night and delivered to passengers at
breakfast time. Signer Marconi him
self assisted the wireless telegraph op
erators in the receipt of wlrelss mes
sages for the various editions. The
latest movements of the Russian and
Japanese armies, the introduction of
the budget in the Canadian parlia
ment, the tests of submarine torpedo
boats In American waters, the playing
of Travis in the golf tournament in
England and the landing of American
marines at Tangier were among the
events chronicled. In one issue news
was published from Cape Breton, li,000
ndles distant, of the passing of ice
bergs by various vessels.
Marconi predicts that such Journals
will soon be regular features of ocean
on all important steamship
FORGIVEN BY THE CZAR.
Romance of Grand Dake Michael and
Beautiful C'oantean Torhj-.
The ;rand Duke Michael of Russia
met beautiful Countess Torby in 1891
and fell violently in love with her. She
at first discouraged his advances, but
finally married him. For this alliance
he was disgraced by the late zar, dis
owniii by his father and deprived of
his military rank. For love of a wo
man who is finely educated, accom
plished and in every way charming,
but not his equal In rank, he sacrificed
his chances of succession to imperial
power. But he gained domestic happi
ness, which few imperial families seem
The countess is said to bo more cul
tured and well bred than the average
dauzhter of a European royal bouse,
She has the warm friendship of Ki'jR
Edwsrd VII. of EnJapd, and his pow-
I ' . . " "J1, - - " ri
I1 - ., . rrr.
cl-fhlTIifluence- has "boon exerted ifl be-
half of the grand duke and herself at
the Russian court.
Her husband haa
recently been promoted to the rank of
captain and his commission dated back
to 190fA This is taken to signify his
official recognition by the caar. and his
father has also become reconciled to
him. However, although the grand
duke is now welcome at the court of
the czar, no recognition has yet been
proffered the Countess Torby. She lives
In hope of one day being recognized -is
a duchess and her husband's equal In
READING IN BED.
A Cnatora That Una Been Follnirrd
by Many Writera.
Johnson told Roawell once in the
course of a conversation, in which he
praised the "Anatomy." that a man. if
inclined to melancholy, should have a
lamp constantly burning in his bed
chamber during the night "and if wake
fully disturlxHl take a book and read
and compose himself to rest." There
can be little doubt that iu thus indi
cating an appropriate course for any
one afflicted with "constitutional mel
ancholy" his own trouble he was
stating his own practice. Many a book
the wakeful doctor must have turned
over in the silences of the night, and
this Increases the wonder that a desire
to read any particular work should
take him out of bed unusually early.
Gray must surely bare been a reader
in bod. A man who wished to be for
ever lying on Sofas, reading "eternal
new novels of Crebillon and Mari
vaux." must have been familiar with
the faces of his favorites in the night
hours. Elijah Kenton, a now forgotten
coadjutor of Pope, was accustomed to
lie abed at his lodgings, we are told,
and be fed with a spoon, but Gray's
lore of ease was not of this type. Cray
was a bookman, and most bookmen
probably have indulged in the habit of
reading in bed. Lamb apostrophised
his folios as "my midnight darlings,"
but those "huge armfuls," as he calls
them, were not bedside books. They
were the companions of the long hours
of candlelight in the back room of the
quiet little "gambogish colored" house
beside the Chase at Bn field Wycher
ley. one of the "artificial" dramatists
for whom Lamb wrote a quaint de
fense, made a habit of reading himself
to sleep. Nightly be shared his pillow
with h!s favorite authors- Seneca.
Montaigne and Rochefoucauld and In
the mornings made a practice of writ
ing on those subjects which had canght
his attention during the previous
night's reading, with the curious
though not unnatural result, as Pope
has testified, that his writing was un
consciously a mere echo of his reading.
Somewhat later, when Grub street
flourished, if so inappropriate a verb
may be allowed, many a poor wretch
of a hack author was glad to write as
well as to read in bed for the all suffi
cient reason that seemly clothes were
lacking for going abroad. London
EPIGRAMS OF NOVELISTS.
One crawls into friendship, one occa
sionally drifts into matrimony, but In
love one falls. Frankfort Moore.
There is no place like the top. espe
cially w hen it is narrow and will not
hold many at a time. Anthony Hope.
Love aisl friendship are stronger
than charity and politeness, and those
v. ho trade upon the latter are rarely
accorded the former. Seton Merriman.
It is the American's regret that at
present he can do nothing with his feet
while ho is listening at the telephone,
but doubtless some employment will be
j found for them in the coming age. Ian
There are two unpardonable sins in
this world, success and failure. Those
who Succeed can't forgive a fellow for
I being n failure and those who fail
can't forgive him for being a success.
G. II. Lorimer.
There are two classes of people in the
world, the people who are clever and
the people who are keen, and you must
never mix the two. They meet and
touch, they are necessary to each other.
flit! flllll IIOI'OM Iiicr 1.1..,..! I." I . .
T , " V " T
ine ( ecd i hurston.
Iler Coats of Arum.
Concerning a very modish woman
the late Julian Rix, painter and critic,
had this story- to tell:
"Mr. Uix, I've come to ask you a
great favor," she said as she fairly
burst info his Studio one fall day.
""Everything I have is at your com
"I want to show you some coats of
arms and ask your advice about mak
ing a choice."
"Which sale of the family do you
wish to follow, maternal or"
"Oh. neither! The herald says I lean
choose any of these. I want something
that will look well on whist conntersV'
"Yes. Well, what alsmt this?"
"That will do nicety. But don't you
think I ought to have more than one?
I do tire so quickly of things, you
know." New York Times.
l nfque Adve rllnliiK
Some of the Japanese tradsmen in
the smaller towns of Nippon have n
curious way of advertising their busi
ness. On their right forearms they
tattoo figures the shoemaker a shoe,
the woodcutter an ax, the butcher a
cleaver. Underneath these emblems
are such Inscriptions as, "I do my work
modestly and cheaply." or "I am as
good at my trade as most of my fel
lows." When they are bunting wrk
they bare tbeir arms and walk about
pj TTslTTilrYTT A T A (IV.
iTltltollJU 1 lAJLi AUTi.
THEODORE ROOSEVELT THE YOUNG
EST MAN HONORED.
He Succeeded Mr. McKinley at the
Age of Fortj two Prealdent Grant
Waa Forty-aix William Henry
Harrlioa Prealdent at Slxtr-elht.
When Theodore Roosevelt took the
oth of office as president of the Unit
ed States In the Wilcox mansion, Buf
falo, Sept. 14. liHU, he lacked forty
three days of being forty-three years
of age. The death of William McKin
ley thrust the responsibilities of the
nation upon young shoulders. Since
the foundation of the republic no man
had assumed the office of president at
so early an age. If Mr. ltoosevelt
should be ejected ns the result of the
presidential contest next November, he
would be, when Inaugurated on March
4. lik5. but forty-six years and four
Ulysses S. Grant approached nearest
to Theodore ltoosevelt in the matter of
comparative youth on attaining the
presidency. General Grant was born
April 27. 1822. and was therefore forty
six years and about ten months old
William Henry Harrison was the old
est of any of the presidents on taking
the oath of office, being sixty eight
when be was Inaugurated on March 4,
1841. He died one month after his In
auguration and was the first president
of the United States to pass away
while the occupant of the executive
mansion, .lames Buchanan came next
to Prealdent William H. Harrison In
respect to age on taking the chair of
chief executive. He was slxty-slx
lacking only about a month at the time
of his Inauguration. General Zachary
Taylor was sixty live when he took
the reins of power. Washington was
only fifty-seven, though even at that
time regarded as the Father of ills
Country. His successor. John Adams,
was sixty-two. Curiously enough, the
next four presidents were Just about
the same age on taking office, Jefferson,
Madison and John QulttCy Adams be
ing fifty -eighf and Monroe fifty nine.
Theodore Roosevelt is the twenty
sixth president of the United States,
and be belongs to the Dumber of thoso
who saw military service before oc
cupying the White House. Of the
Frum his latest photograph.
twenty -six presidents, fourteen, or
more than one-half, have had military
records. It is now 116 years since the
inauguration of the first president of
the republic. During the first half of
that period the country had four soldi r
presidents, Washington. Monroe. Jack
son and William Henry Harrison,
while during the latter half it has had
ten such chief magistrates, Zachary
Taylor, Franklin Pierce, Abraham Lin
coln, who was In the Black Hawk war;
Ulysses s. Grant, Rutherford B, Hayes,
James A. Garfield, Chester A. Arthur,
Benjamin Harrison. William McKinley
and Theodore Roosevelt,
Mr. Roosevelt is a graduate of Har
vard university. William and Mary's
college and Harvard have been nurs
eries of presidents. The second presi
dent, John Adams, studied at Harvard,
and his grandson. John Qulncy Adams,
sixth president of the Dotted States,
was an alumnus of the institution.
While Hayes went there to study law
after graduating from Kenyon college,
in Ohio. John Qutncy Adams wus a
man of no small attainments in litera
ture, as well os a political leader, and
at one time was professor of rhetoric
and belles lettres ut Harvard. A sur
prisingly large number of the presi
dents have hen graduates of so called
higher institutions of learning, and a
great many were also graduates of
what President John Adams usd to
call the "school of affliction," meaning
that they taught school. Kducatlon bad
great deal to do with the making of
presidents, w hether education obtained
within the halls of a college or educa
tion obtained, as Lincoln got most of
his, studying in n log cabin by the
flickering light of blazing logs. Pres
ident George Washington did not
have a college traiidng, though he
studied engineering, trigonometry and
surveying. Jefferson studied at Wil
liam and Mary's college, us did James
Monroe and John Tyler; James Madi
son graduuted from Princeton college,
William Henry Harrison from Ilamp-den-Sidney
college, Virginia, and bis
grandson. Benjamin Harrison, from Mi
ami 'university Ohio. Franklin Pierce
Continued on Page Twelve.