Newspaper Page Text
V V -V V
VOL. LV.-XO. 158.
THE ARGUS, THURSDAY, APRIL 19, 190G.
PRICE .TWO CENTS.
Flames Ruin Every Important Business House
In City and Spread in All Directions
Through the Outlying Districts.
STARVATION ADDING TO THE HORRORS
200,000 Homeless in the City and Urgent Call for Relief is
Sent Out Interior Towns Practically Destroyed
Thousands May be Dead.
GREAT EARTHQUAKES OF HISTORY.
Vi I, 17.1.1
Iilinn. fern. December' 1S2 . .
I.UImn Portugal Krb. , 1.VI1
.tlluo Oirarl, Japan. V4
I. Imn. I'eru. March, 1S:17 ....
C'atellnuinre. Italy. Artrli 1J.
. 2S, 1Sl.
t . . 1 . . nk . .
i.M .-mM,ri. .vuirvM t. ID.VI .............. ...... ...... ..... 21 OOO
Colombo, I mIii ml of Ceylou, March, 1SJM 10 OOO
SniunrniiK. Java, Jttl.v 3N71 lOOOOO
( nnnac Iol(i, Italy, July 2S, ISS3 3 tMM
The Riviera. Italy, Feb. 2.1 and 21. 1SS7 . . tHHt
iiIcm. lec. 1(1. 1ST.7 . t in OOO
fhundernaKOre. India. Jiinc 12, 1SJ7 XUHHt
t liarlcMton. S. .. .HKA3t, 1S.N
Calabria. Italy. .November, MM!.-.; 40 villaeM deMtroyed
Uiierentunaro. Ilondn'rK, September, 1IM)."
Cioatemaln. April IS. 1902; nix Ioitdd dentroyed
MiNiicallin. Onxaca, Slnlro, April 12, 1IHU
(iiiayaqnll. Kcuador. Jan. IN, loot
Ilakone, Japan. Jan. f- IMlt
KoKKrln. Italy, June 16. 4900 .
iMle of (It Ion. Arxraa Mea, ll!n
Kael, ForniiMn, April .!, UN Ml ..
DETAILS OF THE SAN FRANCISCO HORROR.
The dead at San Francisco estimated 1,000
The injured 2,000
The homeless 200,000
Eight square miles or 100 blocks
Kntlre population obliterated
' FVmr townn deMtroyed
PREVIOUS EARTHQUAKES IN FRISCO.
j Lives, l.owt.
llec. 24, IS1!. two KhockN w
June 22, IS." I, nve MhoekM j
May 4. Isfl.T. to xlioekN . . . . . 7.
Jan. 21, 1.K7I, tbree Mhoekw " ,1
June 1J, 1SS0. one Hhock n
June 20, 1SJ7, one mbork
GRtAT FIRES OF SAN FRANCISCO.
June 2!, 1K6I, hiiMineNM Nectlon deMtroyed
Arll 24, IK77, rcxideuce Nectlon Mwrpt
May o. lK.-,o, town praetlcally wiped out
CHICAGO, APRIL 19. THE LATEST REPORT FROM OUR MANA-
ift GER AT OAKLAND AND TIMED AT 10:30 A. M.. IS THAT THE FIRE IS
STILL RAGING IN SAN FRANCISCO AND ENTIRE CITY IS DOOMED.
THEY HAVE NO WATER EXCEPT ALONG THE BAY SHORE. THEY
ARE DYNAMITING BUILDINGS NOW IN AN EFFORT TO CHECK THE
THE POWDER SUPPLY IS NEARLY EXHAUSTED, EVEN TO THE
POWDER IN THE GOVERNMENT ARSENALS, WHICH HAVE BEEN
EMPTIED. THE FIRE CANNOT BE CHECKED UNTIL IT BURNS OUT.
EVERY BUILDING IN THE BUSINESS SECTION AND NEARLY HALF
OF THE RESIDENCE SECTION IS DESTROYED NOW. NOT A LARGE
BUILDING IS LEFT.
I'OSTAI. TKI.KtiH Al'Il-tAlll.K (OHPAXV.
rki'oht 200.000 homi:m:ss.
WASHINGTON, APRIL 19. THE WAR DEPARTMENT TODAY RE
CEIVED THE FOLLOWING TELEGRAM FROM GENERAL FUNSTON,
AT SAN FRANCISCO:
"IMPOSSIBLE NOW TO INFORM YOU AS TO FULL EXTENT OF
THE DISASTER. THE CITY IS PRACTICALLY DESTROYED. TROOPS
HAVE BEEN AIDING THE POLICE IN PATROLING. MARTIAL LAW
HAS NOT BEEN DECLARED. AM WORKING IN CONJUNCTION WITH
CIVIL AUTHORITIES. HAVE NOT INTERFERED WITH SENDING ANY
DISPATCHES. YOU CANNOT SEND TOO MANY TENTS OR RATIONS.
) ABOUT 200,000 PEOPLE HOMELESS. FOOD VERY SCARCE. PROVIS-
ION HOUSES ALL DESTROYED. ALL GOVERNMENT BUIL DilMfiS Arp
WAV DAWSS OX SCKXK OK DKSTH I'CTIOX,
San Francisco, April 19. The day dawned on a scene of death and de
struction. During the night the flames consumed many of the city's finest
structures and skipped in a dozen different directions to the residence por
tions. They had made their way over into the North Beach section and
springing anew to the south, they reached down the bay shore, over the hills
and across toward Third and Townsend streets.
COMPLETES HIIX OF DISTRICT.
Warehouses and manufacturing concerns are all in their path. This
completed the destruction of the entire district known as "South of Markei
Street." .How far they are reaching to the south across the channel, cannot
be told, as this part of the city is shut off.
' XOT A BUSINESS IIOI SE STAXIIS.
San Francisco, April 19. Downtown everything is in ruins. Not a bus
iness house, theater, factory or commission house stands. All the newspa
per plants are rendered useless. .Lieutenant Charles C. Pulis, commanding
the 24th company of light cavalry, was blown up by a charge of dynamite
and fatally injured. '
PROCLAIMS A HOLIDAY.
an i-rancisco, April 13. Governor Pardee has issued
. designating today as a public holiday in order that the citizens of the state
'may render aid to the distressed resulting from yesterday's calamity
WORST REPORTS FROM IXTEHIOR.
San Francisco, April 19. Reports from the interior are most alarming.
Santa Rosa is a total wreck. There are 10,000 homeless people. The loss of
life will probably reach thousands. Not one business building is left intact.
The greater portion of the residence section is destroyed.
LOSS OK LIKE IS SIIOCKIXO.
Messengers bring saddest tidings of the destruction of Healdsburg, Geis
erville, Gloverdale, Hopeland and Ukiah. This report takes in the country
as far north as Endocino and Lake counties, and as far west as the Pacific
ocean. In every case the loss of life and property is shocking.
FISSTOX HEARD FROH.
Washington, April 19. The first message received frc.n General Funs
ton arrived at 11:40 last night. It was addressed to Secretary Taft. The
message follows: "We need thousands of tents and all rations that can be
sent. Busines, portion of city destroyed and about 100,000 people homeless.
Fire still raging. Troops all on duty assisting police. Loss of life probably
1,000. Best part of residence district not yet burned."
Washington, April 19. The secretary of the treasury has authorized the
telegraphic transit of $10,000,000 from the subtreasury at New York to San
CARRY RELIEF SUPPLIES FREE.
New York, April 19. The Wells-Fargo company announced today it will
transport free of charge supplies for the sufferers in the San Francisco dis
THOISAXDS AT OAKLAXD.
Oakland, April 19. Thousands of
refugees from San Francisco have
come to this city. Relief stations have
been established at the city hall, and
various public parks, theaters and
churches. At present it is impossible
to estimate the amount of damaae to
property in this city. Many structures,
which, outside show little apparent
damage, on close exscnination, prove
to have been badly twisted and racked
by the shock.
SPREADS TO KXOI1 HILL.
New York, April 19. The Western
Union reports early this morning the
fire spread into the Knob Hill section
of San Francisco. This section con
tains many fine residences, including
me Crocker and Huntington homes.
MIXT WITH $.1!M00.000 ESCAPES.
Washington, April 19. The mint at
San Francisco escaped serious damage
from the earthquake and the resulting
conflagration. Its stock of gold and
silver coin bullion, about $39,000,000, is
safe. Director of the Mint Roberts re
ceived a telegram from Superintendent
Leach to that effect.
SMALL DAMAGE AT XAVV YARDS
The commandant of the Mare Island
navy yards reports $1,000 will cover
the damage done there.
REPORT CITY DOOMED.
Washington, April 19. The war de
partment has just received the follow
ing from the Western Union:
"Outside cities have been sending fire
engines to aid San Francisco in sub
duing the flames, but were found use
less on account of no water, and they
are returning home. Firemen report
tne city is doomed."
MORE SHOCKS AT WASHIXGTOX
Washington, April 19. The weather
bureau has issued a bulletin saying
two small earthquake shocks were re
corded on the siesmograph at the bu
reau here at 8:46 last evening and at
Z.03 this morning. The. first shock
was decidedly stronger than the last,
although both were very slight com
pared to the original disturbances.
FIRST CONNECTED TALE
OF GREATEST CALAMITY
THE COAST HAS KNOWN
Oakland. Cal., April 19. The earth
quake and fire have caused the great
est calamity California has ever known.
In San Francisco alone it is estimat
ed 1,000 persons perished, while as
many more were injured. The entire
business portion of the city is in ruins,
and the flames which, owing to the
lack of water, cannot be. checked ex
cept by blowing up with dynamite the
buildings in their path, are still sweep
ing through the city. It is utterly im
possible at present to estimate th;
property loss. Thousands of people
ar homeless and many are huddled In
the parks and public squares, besides
such household goods as they were
able to save. - s
The city is under martiaj Jaw, and
an down town streets arp n.itrniiod
ujr cuvairy anu miantry. Details or
troops are also guarding the banks
Most of the principal buildings have
been destroyed and others are in ira
mment danger. Over all the desola
J ion is seen a dense pall of smoke.
UINLY ONE BUILDING LEFT AT
communication witn outside towns
Is almost entirely cut off, but the re
port comes from Palo Alto that all
but one of the buildings at Stanford
university are wrecked, and that the
splendid memorial church, one of the
first in the world, is a mass of ruins.
One student was killed.
In Oakland five persons were killed.
San Jose, Sacramento, Berkeley, Ala
meda, and other places heard from
suffered severely, but report no loss
EARTHQUAKE SHOCK CAME
WITHOUT A WARNING.
The dreadful earthquake; shock came
without warning at precisely 5: IS its
motion apparently being from east to
west. At first the unheaval of the
earth was gradual, but -in a few sec
onds it increased in intensity. Chim
neys began to fall and buildings to
crack, tottering on their foundations.
People became panic stricken and
rushed into the street, most of them
in their night attire. They were met
by showers of falling bricks, cornices
and walls. Many werd
ing more than $7,000,000, collapsed, the
roof sliding into the court yard and
the smaller towers tumbling down.
The great dome was moved, but did
The new postoifice, one of the finest
in the United States, was badly shat
tered. The Valencia hotel, a four
story wooden building, sank into the
basement a pile of splintered timbers,
under which were pinned many dead
and dying occupants of the house. The
basement was full of water and some
of the helpless victims drowned.
FIRES IMMEDIATELY FOLLOW
scarcely nart the earth ceased to
shake when fires broke out simultan-
eously in many places. The fire de
partment promptly responded to fire
calls for aid, but it was found the
water mains were rendered useless by
the underground movement Tho
flames quickly spread and soon manv
blocks were seen to be doomed. Dy
namite was resorted to and the sound
f the frequent explosions added to
the disorder of the people. All ef
forts to check the progress of the fin
SCORES OF FINE BUILDINGS PREY
TO THE FLAMES.
ine south, side of Market street.
from Ninth street to the bay, was soon
aiwaze. tne tire covering a belt, two
blocks wide. On this thoroughfare are
ROCK ISLAND TO CONTRIBUTE AID
TO SORELY AFFLICTED PEOPLE
President Medill, of Rock Island Club, and Vice President
Young, of Merchants' Association, Act In Accordance With
Argus Suggestion and Mayor McCaskrin Issues
Proclamation Banks Repositories.
Locally speaking, the suggestion appearing in yesterday's Argus that
Rock Island should not be backward in whatever relief movement might be
undertaken, continued to meet with expressions of approbation. Early in the
day the following banks signed an agreement to act as custodians for any
funds that might be received in the following appeal to the public:
Rock Island, III., April 19. To the People of Rock Island: The under
signed banks in the city of Rock Island hereby agree to act as depositories
for any 'funds that may be contributed for the relief of the stricken people of
San Francisco. statu iink.
IIOt'K ISLAM A IIOAI. IIAXK.
i'i:oi'i.i:s national iiank.
Acting further in accordance with the prevailing sentiment. President
Medill of the Rock Island Club, and vice President Young of the Rock Isand
Retail Merchants' association, acting in the absence of President Myers, call
ed upon Mayor McCaskrin and presented the advisability of issuing a proc
IMIOCI.AMATION IS ISSIKII.
The mayor accordingly issued the following proclamation:
To the People of Rock Island:
A great calamity has befallen one of the great cities of this con
tinent in the visitation of an earthquake, which with the attendant mis
fortune of fire has left destruction and destitution in its trail. Undoubt
edly there will be occasion for relief and succor in which the whole
countrywill be asked to join. Rock Island; ever alret to do its part on
occasions of this kind, should not bs backward, nor will it fail in an
hour when there is an appeal for aid. I therefore ask that you be pre
pared to give bounteously should a call he made for funds or other relief
for a deeply stricken people.
The news from San Francisco is becoming more distressing with
each hour. It is humanity's cause, and humanity should be ready to re
spond when appealed to.
The following banks have agreed to receive funds for the relief of
the people of San Francisco: State Bank of Rock Island, Rock Island
National bank, Peoples National Bank.
(Signed). GEORGE W. M'CASKRIN, Mayor.
Rock Island, III., April 19, 1900.
IMUK XIKKSSITV SKT I'OKTII.
As indicating the dire necessity for aid for the str.'cken people of
San Francisco, Mayor McCaskrin this morning received the following:
Chicago, III., April 19, 1906. To the Mayor, Rock Island, III.: San
Francisco is in dire need of assistance. Citizens have asked me as a na
tive of California to aid in the work of relief. I have started funds in
this city and all cities where I have correspondents. C'arence Mackey
gives me $5,000, George J. Gould $5,000; Charles M. Schwab, $5,000;
Mrs. Huntington, $5,000; Mrs. Phoebe A. Hearst, $5,000; W. R. Hearst,
$5,000, and many other subscriptions of $1,000. Am sending tonight from
Los Angeles a relief train and relief steamer, nurses, doctors, and sup
plies. I pray that your citizens may realize the terrible distress of San
Francisco's citizens and that they will help us at once to the extent of
their ability. WILLIAM RANDOLPH HEARST.
practical purposes and fire completed
the work of demolition. The Rialto
and Casserly buildings burned to the
ground as was every thing else in that
ENTIRE WHOLESALE PORTION OF
CITY IS WIPED OUT.
crusned to death and others dread
fully mangled. Those whb remained
indoors general, escaped Jwith their
lives thousrh scores were hit hi- if.
tached plaster and articled thrown to
the floor by the shock. It Us believed
more or less of a loss has ben sustain
ed by nearly every fvnily In the city.
STEEL STRUCTURES STOOD THE
.SHOCK THE BEST.
The tall steel frame structures stood
the strain better than brici buildings,
few of them being badli damaged
'1 he big 11-story Monadirck ofnee
building in course of construction, ad
joining the Palace hotel, was an ex
ception, its rear wall collfcpsing and
many cracks being madelacross its
front. Some docks and freight sheds
along the water front slil into the
bay. Deep fissures openci in the
filled-In ground near the shore and the
union ferry depot was almost wrecked
A portion of the new city frail, cost
The Parrott building, in which wen-
instantly I located many of the finest edifices, in- located the chambers of the state su
preme court, the lower floors occupied
by an immense department store, was
ruined and burned, though its massive
FACTS ABOUT SAN FRANCISCO.
Population lOOn. eMtlnia-
Vain of ItullrilnRH In city
tax estimated! I2K,ir0,-10S
Entlmatril Iohx by flrrknd
Total value of taxable
Wage earner who will ...
Mnffer on Rcronot of
N'umber of manufacturing
Inntltatlon In city
EMtlinated number de
stroyed by earthquake
Area of city, square mile
Area of Are district
nrc in ilea .......... g
eluding the Clrant. Parrott, Flood
Call, Examiner, and Monadnock build
ings, the Palace and Grand hotels, and
numerous wholesale houses. At the
same time the commercial establish
ments and banks north of Market
street were burning.
The burning district in this section
extended from Sanson! street to the
water front, and from Market street
to Broadway. Fires also broke out in
Mission street and the entire city
seemed to be in flames.
r ItKCt FLAMES FANNED BY A
rT t. Jl f . .
nit; names, ianneu by tne rising
breeze, swept the main wholesale bus
mess streets. It was impossible to
reach the center of .the city from the
bay without skirting the shore for a
long distance so as to get entirely
around the burning district. About S
o'clock Southern Pacific officials refus
ed to allow any more passengers from
trans-bay points to landand sent back
those already on the boats.
SCENE OF AWFUL SPLENDOR
FROM THE BURNING CITY.
Here thousands of people congregat
ed and witnessed the awful scene.
Great sheets of flame rose high in the
heavens or rushed down some narrow
street, joining midwav hptwn tho
sidewalks and making a horizontal
walls were not all destroyed. far
ther down Market street, the Academy
of Science, the Jennie Flood building
and the History building were kindled
and burned like so much tinder. Sparks
were carried across the street and ig
nited the Phclan building and the
army headquarters of the department
of California were burned. Still near
ing the bay. the fire look the Kiako
building, a handsome skyscraper, and
converted scores of solid business
blocks into smouldering piles of brick.
The banks and commercial houses,
supposed to be fireproof, burned quick
ly, and the roar of flames could be
heard on the huts out of the danger
TRAINS FROM THE CITY CROWD
ED WITH REFUGEES.
Washington, April 19. A Western
Union dispatch says shocks were re
ported as far east as Hazen, Xev. No
one is alloweo to enter San Francisco
and boats and trains are crowded with
ENTIRE WHOLESALE PORTION OF
CITY IS WIPED OUT.
San Francisco, April 19. The latest
reports at police headquarters show
that practically the entire wholesale
chimney of the former passageways. 1 1orf ion of tfm cit-v has been wiped out
1 ne dense smoke that arose from the " nre-
entire business district spread' out like IMPOSSIBLE TO SEND PRIVATE
an immense funnel and could be seen TELEGRAPH MESSAGES TO CITY.
for miles out at sea. Occasionally, as Ls .Angeles, April 19. No private
some drug house or place stored with messages were sent over fh one wir
chemicals was reached, most fantastic open to San Francisco on the Postal
enects were produced by the colored Telegraph lines Before the office cf
flames and smoke which rolled out the company an excited crowd of men
against the darker background. and women surgei hack and forth lm.
All efforts to prevent the fire reach- ploring the officials 1 1 send
ing the Palace and Grand hotels were I through for them to ihs stricken citv
nnsuccessful, and both were complete- to bring back some word from dear
ly destroyed, together with contents, ones in peril there. Manaeer Iwl
All of San Francisco's best play explained the impossibility of dome no
houses are a mass of ruins. The but they insisted. Men who have laxee
earthquake demolished; them tot sill dealings vith the company tried, to
use their Influence, implored and
threatened, but Lewis shook his head.
Maddened men fought their way to
ward him with handfuls of money, of
fering it all just for the sending of
one word and one in reply. Just that
they might know that some one person
was still alive. Lewis compressed hi.i
twitching lips and waved the money
away. Women cried and sobbed, im
ploring him to send one word for them.
It was no use, the imjoss!ble could
not bf done.
ASYLUM WAS WRECKED; IN
MATES ADD TO TERROR.
San Jose. April 19. Acnew'a asv-
lnm is a total wreck, many of the In
mates killed and the remainder are
running around loose, terrorizing the
community. The superintendent of the
institution and his wife were both
ENTIRE CITY IS DOOMED; CONFU
SION IS EVERYWHERE.
San Francisco, April 19. It looks
now as if the entire city would be
burned. The Associated Press men
are trying to get matter to Oakland by
boat, but are very uncertain. The
government is furnishing tugs, but the
confusion is so great they cannot bo
relied upon. It will be Impossible to
send full details for several days.
FAMOUS CLIFF HOUSE THROWN
San Francisco, April 19. From the
Cliff house comes word that the great
pleasure resort and show place of the
city, which stood upon a foundation of
solid rock, has been swept Into the
sea. . Not a thing stands to tell where
the monster stone building once stood.
It has been leveled to the foundation,
and only the rock-lined sea coast re
$200,000 SENT TO JAPANESE
American Red Cross Cables Sum
Rounding Out Grand Total.
Washington, April 19. A grand total
of $200,000 in contributions to the
starving Japanese was reaohed yester
day when the American National Red
Cross, through the Rtate department,
cabled an additional $10,000 to the
Japanese Red Cross. Of this total
$130,000 was contributed by. the Ghrla