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FIFTV-SIXTII YEAR. NO. 230. THE ARGUS, FRIDAY. JULY 12, 1007. PRICE TWO CENTS. nnTTTTt ROOK JAPAN HAS NOT RECOVERED FROM WAR WITH RUSSIA Count Katosamo Declares Country is Not in Po sition to Fight - MANCHURIA ON HAND Jap Reported to Have Been Ar rested White Making Sketch of Fort on Coast. 12 C'oloimlo Springs, Col.. July Count Katoramo of Tokio, Japan, wliil.' stopping over here yesa nlay hit ween tiains on his way to San Francb-co. whtnee he will sail for Yokohama. : aid to the Associated Press; "It oiii will reason tor a lew min utes lie fan readily see that the least thing Japan wants just now is war with the I'nitoil States. "Japan has not recover. mI from Cio ttt'ects of the Russian war. We have not ( noiigh money to carry on ; longed struggle, in the first plact second, hut more important, we all the territory we can handle, have Korea on our hands, and citizens to enter lands under the spi ral homestead law and to grant their use to another nniil tney should niak" final proof or dispose of their holdings ' is inconsistent with t!i" purpose and spirit and violative ol the tt 1 ms of the law." BOUNTY SEEKERS MUST PAY TOWN CLERK FEE Legislature Failed to Provide Salary for Clerks Issuing Certificates to Pest Pevicyers. Sprint;!"!. Id, 111., July 12. Attorney General Siead has rendered an etiin- i hi to the effect that as the legislature has not provided fur tin; payment of two clerks fur issuing ceri ilicati s to ihc applicants who piescnt em-vs' ads 'uk! tigs lor the homily, the town clerk will receive no lees from !e town lor performing that duly, hut e is entitled to collect in cents from each applicant for issuing the certiii cato. The same principle applies 'o the groundhog hounty yet. i pro : anil have We the world knows nothing of how hard that little kingdom is to bring into shape. Then comes Formosa, which is prac tically a savage country. Hum Miilli'liurlii u ll.'lllil. "This would he enough if we did not have the vast territory of Manchuria to tel'.ahiliiaie. Conditions there after the war were chaotic, and it will h.1 j j a is before the country can be brought to anything like order." Asked about the a?sembling of a Meet of warships in the Pacific, ho said: "It is a move that could be looked for on the part of the United States at any time. I do not regard it as a wa line move any more man it your coun try sent a great fleet to England or France. Your ships must be in th. water foniPwhere." he concluded. Jim Skrtchlns lort. San Diego, Cal., July 12. A report is iiv circulation that a Japanese ha" been arrested at Fort Kosecrans in Hi'1 act of making drawings of the for;. -Major Cotchell acknowledges a Japan ese was arrested; thar he was drawn; ; plans of the fort. The arrest, it n. f.aid, was made two evenings ago, but where the Japanese now is and who hp is, is not publicly known. Major Oresclie-11 will give no information. In Washington. Washington, July 12. It was stal '1 at the war department last night that no report had been received thece re garding the arrest of a Japanese a! Fort Kosecrans. near San ltiego. whil sk telling the fortifications. I'lncH AliHent Ollirrr. I'rbana, III.. July 12. Japan is said to be inflicting severe penalties oi army members abroad for failure t report nt this time. Because did not assume his duiiep at lieutenant in the Japanese army July -1 J. Sutro, l student in mechanical cngincring .it the University of Illinois, says he ha; been notiiied that he is fined $1.hfi.i. Sutro Is at a loss to understand t!f matter,, as he has been in this country tin leave for several years, and did n u uceive any warning that he wis nt -eiled. REFORM EDITOR IS IN JAIL Would Not Pay Fine for Criticising Hot Springs Court. Hot Springs. Ark.. July 12. It. (). Schaefcr. managing editor of the C;'i ens Bulletin, a relonn naner. w i-t sent to jail yesterday morning for re fusing to pay a line of $2r assessed against lnin March . f.ir contempt or court. A warrant is out also for Uov. Y. T. Amis, leader of the reform party and editor-in-chief of the Bulletin, who was convicted along with his as.-ist.it t upon the same charge. Tiie oiij: ct ion able article alleged that certain ch--tiot: contest ea.,cs pending in the coun ty court were being juggled and de layed by "pettifogging tricksters at th bar." ATTACKS . FRANCE If A WORL Se mi-Official Novoe Vreyma, Russian Paper, Uses Of fensive Language. WANTS COMPACT ANNULLED Represents Powerful Court Party Which Desires Closer Relations . With Germany. St. Petersburg, July 12. An eip.M attack tin the French government and Ambassador Bompard is published to day in Novoe Yremya which a wefk ago began reviewing tentatively and condemning th" Franco-Russian alli ance. It is supposed the paper in this instance is serving as the mouthpiece of the powerful court party which is working in favor of closer relations with Germany. I.Hncuni;- OHViinI . The editorial is couched in inter.i perate and offensive language serious ly and compromises the position of M. P.ompard at St. Petersburg. MUST DECLARE WAR BEFORE FIGHTING MOVE EMT National Educational Assn. Proposes Union of Similar Bodies. COMMITTEE IS NAMED System of Teaching Morals in Public Schools to be Furthered. Subcommittee of Hague Peace Con. gress Accepts French Proposi tion but Rejects Amendment. JILTED LOVER SUESTHE ROAD Says Attack by Company's Employe Caused Gir to Drop Him. Flwoe.d, I ml.. July 12. Chester C; peck has filed suit again.-1 the Pitts burg. Cincinnati. Chicago and St. Loan Railroad company for $2, mm. Ho al leges that while 1st was en route The Hague. July 12 The First ar tide of the French proposition that thcio shall be a declaration of war be fore the opening of hostilities was adopted today by the subcommittee '. which it was leferred. It was support ed by the American. Rritirh and Jap anese delegates. An amendment introduced by Nosh erlands proposing 2 hours delay atter i the -declaration of war before the tim break of hostilities, was rejected. Los Angeles. Cal., July 12 The na tional council of tin .National Educa tional association in executive 'session yesterday adopted the following reso lnt ions: "That a committee of five be ap pointed by the president of the council, of which committee our' world honored bailor. Dr. William T. Mai i is. shall bo chairman and the I'nind States com missioner of education and the presi dent of this council shall be members, whose duty it shall be to consider and report to this council what steps may lie possible towards securing the co ol -.oration of the various organizations for the promotion of education and the consideration of its problems which may exist in the various civilized coun tiies of the world." l'liitiM for ImHiirit'N. The report of the committee on inves- LOSES 6TH BAND Moline's Light Guards Dropped From Military Service of the State. STERLING BOYS TAKEN BACK Changs Made Necessary by Numerous Removals and General Disorganization. Springfield. 111., July 12. Argu Special). Colonel Kittilsen command ing the llth Infantry recommended to Adjutant General Scott that the regi mental band at Moline be inusterel out of service,, owing to its being dis til ganized and manv members having removed from the city. Orilrr Ih ImmihmI. Accordingly General Scott today is sued an order mustering t he band out of service and issuing an honora :'.; discharge to all the members and di rected Colonel Kittelsen to muster in the Sterling band in its place. "NEVER THOUGHT OF HIMI AF TER 1901," SAYS HAYWOOD Joseph Jay of Portland, Ore., leaped from a car window while the train was running 40 miles an hour near this city yesterday and escaped. Thompson is wanted at Portland to answer a charge of stealing $:l,0ou. He was cap tured in London. England, after a chase around the world. Steunenberg Least of His Troubles Defendant In sists on Stand. OPPOSES NAMING OF THE CO-MASTERS SCOPE ENLARGED Humble Postal Card's Useful ness Enlarged by Order of Department Head. RULER OF ELKS All ) live Hamilton. Ohio, he was pulled out of city his seat by an employe of ilie company and roughly treated. He was .necom- Jpaniod by his fiance, who was so in- lignant because lie did not. resent in.- indignity that she jilicl him. lie says that it was owing to the act of the- company s employe tnat he lost the ..t feciions of tiie young woman. in Readiness for Big Convention at Philadelphia. Philadelphia. July 12. Judge Henry A. Melvin of O.tl.laml Cal. grand -?-alt t il ruler of the Benevolent Protcc- Ordcr of l'.!ks which meet in th'-. next week in reunion and conven or it'u n. arrived today accompanied -Fred I. C. Robinson ofDubuqiie. Iowa, 'grand secretary of the order, and sev eral others. All is now in readiness for the convention. SHOOTS DOG; SAVES A .LIFE Woman Kills Animal Clinging to Throat of Spouse. L.iwrenceburg. Intl.. July 12. Mr.-. Charles Robinson chesti r station, chance when she that was tiiging throat. Tit.? rille that the bullet went through mal's heart. Mr. Robinson nearly exhausted by his struggle t ha, he could not throw off the body of v; dog, which had fallen on him. living near Man took a . despera:? shot a vicious dog at her husband'. was so well aime I the an 't was sn Hinrichsen Has a Bad Day. Jacksonville, III.. July 12. William H. Hinrichsen. former secretary of state, who is critically ill at his homo at Alexander, this bad dry. and death moment. ligations and appioprjat ions, which was 'adopted, included thr appointment of committees bv the president and the lappiopriation of $."ioo for each of the following organ izat ions : ARRIVFSI i"vos,'al i1ni' siilmiit a tcn- native report on a system of teaching morals in the i-ublic schools. 2. For the tun Her investigation oT industrial education for rural schools. For a preliminary inquiry into the contemporary judgment as to cul ture element in education and the time that should be devoted to the combined schoo! and college course. 1. To consider and make a prelim inary report tin the shortage of teachers and colleges, causes and remedies. .". To make a pn liminary report on "Provisions for Kxceptional Children in the Public Schools." county, passed i is expected at any MAY WRITE ON ITS FACE Paper Bearing Inscription May Also Be Pasted to It After the First of Next Month. Washington. July 12. Postmasicr iienerat .Meyer today promulgated an order effective Aug. 1 providing thr.t the face side of a postal card may b. divided by a vertical line placed ap proximately a third of the distant-. from the left end of the card and f it space to the left of the line to be us d lor messages, etc., the portion to the right to. be used for the address only. Mny Tiilit- lii-r On. A very thin sheet of naner mav !t attached if it completely adheres to t'.ie card and .such paste may bear both writing and printing. Advertisements illustrations or writing may appear o; Mlie back of the card and on the It ft of the third of the front. Mrs. Mary Baker Eddy Files List Objections in Suit for Account ing of Property. of Concord. X. H., July 12. A lengthy list of exceptions to the rulings of Judge Chamberlain of the superior court in the suit for an accounting of t he property of Mrs. Marv Uaker (J. ldy, tiie Christian Science leader, has been fili-d with the clerk of the super ior court by attorneys for Mrs. Eddy and for the three trustees named by- Mrs. Eddy to cart; for her property. It is expected eventually the case will go to the supreme court of Xew Hamp shire on these exceptions. The excep tions are, in part: To appoint as co-master with Edgar Aldrich, Dr. J. M. Jelly of Boston and G. Alden Pduniniore of Providence, alienists, nescause tney are not resi dents of New Hampshire and their ap pointment is contrary to law; because they are authorized and expected to render a decision not jirelated wholly upon evidence submitted to them, but based in part tin their technical knowl edge as expert alienists; because they are not legally competent to act either as masters or referees in this case. Mrs. Eddy takes exception also to il nial by the court of her motion filed June IOiiT. that the court, sitting n chancellor in equity, .should determin'1 rt lathe to her property interests and tiie proceedings against her. More 2-Cent Fares. Madison. Wis.. July 12 The 2-cer.t fare bill as mutinied by tiie assembly passed the senate yesterday afternoon. It .goes into effect Aug. 15. F. A. LEACH HEAD OF MINT NO FLAGMAN OUT; BAD WRECK RESULTS Passenger and Freight Trains Come To gether on Queen & Crescent Line in Tennessee. Summerset. July 12. btxteen mra were more or less seriously hint in wreck on the Queen & Crescent road vesterdav when a local freight crashed into a work train near the Teiiness. line. A relief train brought the vic tims to a sanitarium here. The wreck was caused, says an official announce nient. bv a work train failing to send out a flagman while taking water. Superintendent at San Francisco is to Succeed George E. Roberts. Oysttr Pay, July 12. President Roosevelt yesterday appointed Frank A. Leach of Oakland. Cal., director of the mint, to succee 1 George E. Roh- rts, who resigned to accept the presi- d( ncy of the Comnierrial Nation, il I'.anl; of Chicago, made vacant by th J death of James II. Eckels. Mr. Learn is at present superintendent tif the San rancisco mint. He will assume h new duties at. Washington late in the present month. PHYSICIANS SUSPENDED BY A NEW YORK HOSPITAL FOR VIVISECTING DOGS ARE ALTERNATING SERVICES FRAUD DECREE IS UPHELD Federal Court Sustains Lower Tribu nal in Case of George G. Ware. St. Paul. July 12. An opinion writ ten by Judge Sanborn has been handd down In the United States circuit court of appeals in the case of t! United Stales against George G. War convicted in the federal district cou t of Nebraska of conspiring to defraud the government out of lands by means of fiaudnlent entries under the home stead laws. The judgment of the low er court is affirmed. The court holds that the making of a rpecific contract with respect to th- title of the lands Is not necessary. The court says Broatway Men Conduct First Meetinij With Methodist Church. The First Methodist and IJroadway Presbyterian churches are alternating the Sunday evening' services tlurir.,; the summer months and Sunday even ing the services will be held at P.roan way, and will be in charge of tin llroadway Men's club. There will be short addresses by M. T. Stevens and. A. 1). Sperry arid the music will be in etiarge of lr. A. H. Mctanuiess. .wiss Harriet Cropper will sing and there will be singing by the newly organize 1 men's club choir of 10 members. An unusually interesting program is be ing arranged and will be announced tomorrow. Xew York, July 12. -Drs. G. P. Law son and C. R. lirown, resident physi cians of the Kings county hospital, have been suspended by Charities Com missioner Ilt.bbard fo vivisecting two puppies and sewing them together. The surgeons were arraigned before Mr. Hebbard charged with conducting an experiment without legal right, and with cruelty to animals. The Anti Cruelty society took up the cases and demanded that the physicians be pun- hcd. The puppies that Dr. Prown and Dr. Lawson cut up had not been weaned from tlieir mother. Their sides wore stripped off with a scalpel and they wore sewed together. In this condition they were returned to the mother dog to nourish. Ciiy I'.mlt-il by lli-iil li. The experiment did not work. The little animals squealed In agony for four days, when they were chloroform ed. When news of the vivisection was Find Body; Stilletto in Heart. Spring Valley, 111., July 12. The body of Albert Parmanaran Italian miner, was found dead on the main street of the village of Ladd yesterday with a stilletto six inches long sticking in his heart. Five Italians are held on suspicion. The murder is attributed to a "Black Hand" decree. Banana Skin Causes Death. Kansas City, Mo.. July 12. Robe Kindred stepped on a banana peeling on the sidewalk in First street yesterday He was thrown off his feet and hi.i head 'struck the pavement breaking "An agreement to Procure qualified his neck. He died in a few minutes. spread outside of the hospital Superin tendent Haiikinson of tiie Anti-Cruelty society began an investigation. Both doctors indignantly denied tint they had conducted the experiment purely out of curiosity. They declared they desired only to demonstrate n scientific fact. They wished to learn if blood could be transferred from on-' puppy to tlit? other and also to ascer tain if skin could be grafted in such a manner. Scientific ktpiwledgc of this sort, they urged, would be vastly beneficial to surgery in determining just what results might be obtained hi performing similar operations on hu man beings. Commissioner lb bberd said that h- believed what the young surgeons sai 1. He held, however, that, they had no right to make tlw experiment without consulting the superintendent of the hospital, and obtaining special permis sion. He expressed the opinion that their enthusiasm had run away with tlieir judgment. TAFI'3 NEW CANAL PLANS Administrative Methods of isthmus Commission to be Reorganized. Washington, July 12. Secretary Taft's plans for the reorganization r.f the administrative methods of t ie isthmian canal commission as approv ed by President Roosevelt were man? public yesterday. They take the form of three executive orders. Briefly they provide for the transfer to tiie chief of engineers of the army the supervision of the purchase ef material and sup plies; the maintenance tif offices witn in the I'nited tSates by the commis sion for the convenient execution of fcs business, and the appointment for the commission upon the isthmus of an ex aminer of accounts and in Washington an assistant examiner of accounts. DAM BURNING OIL AND SAVE HOMES Bridgeport. III., Has Narrow Escape From Destruction When Light ning Strikes Tank. MAKES GOOD WITNESS Crass Examination Will be Fin ished During Day, Senator Borah Announces. Bridgeport. III.. July 12. After working all day damming streets, in which ran rivers of blazing oil froM exploding tanks of the oil refinery west of the village, citizens of Bridgeport yesterday managed to save thei: homes from destruction. Dikes wer" made to cut off the flames from th-: residence district and the damage was ontined te the refinery and its vicin ity. The loss is lioo.fion. Tanks coa- aining :.7.ooo barrels of oil. were truck by lightning yesterday morning and ignited. Ail explosion followed iilniost instantly. Fifteen smaller tanks caught fire and exploded and blazi.ig oil ran through the streets. Farmers for miles around assisted the villager in throwing up the dikes and the earn est work saved Bridgeport before nightfall. SLUG CLERK; SECURE $3,000 Thieves Plunder Indianapolis Pawn shop Injured Man Will Die. Indianapolis. July 12. Two men fil tered the pawnshop of Emil Mantt I and Charles Mcdias in the downtown district lasf night and after striking the clerk detwn with a piece of ho.tj and rendering him unconscious, escap ed with plunder valued at $:5.000. The clerk, Siniem Geibl, was fatally hurt. Vii to a late hour the police have obtained on clew to the identity of the robbei.-? PLOT TO HOLD UP SOLVATION ARMY . FOR $30,000 LATEST! IN BLACKMAIL Boston, Mass., July 12. A scheire to defraud tr blackmail the Salvation army out of $.10,000 culminated yester day afternoon 'in the arrest of Solomon Koditscheck and Benjamin Silverblatt at Lowell, as alleged participants in the plot. The men are charged wiih using the mails in an attempt to get blackmail frtim the Salvation army for the suppression of a poem derogator. to the army. Koditscheck, who is about 50 yea-s old, has achieved prominence by his communications to the press advocat ing refevrnis. He also posenl as a sort of literary man. Silverblatt is a young lawyer, well known in his profession. Early in May last, when Koditscheck wrote a letter addressed to Genera! William Boeith, it was opened by Rnr.- son Caygill, treasurer of the organiza tion. Accompanying me letter was a poem in type, which was of a decided ly scurrrilous nature. The dozeu verses reflected severely upon the mo tives of the Salvation armv and offi - ials. The writer implied that, wlii!-; the organization claimed to do a great work in saving people in general, and especially women, it was entitled to no sympathy. The letter said thousands of copies could be sold in this country at 5 cen:s apiece and that the poem would com mand an extraordinary sale on the other side of the Atlantic. For the stun tf $30,000 the poem would be sup pressed. Treasurer Caygill. after consulting the postal atithori tie's, kept up a co; despondence- with Koditscheck. Fin ally the latter turned the negotiation over to his lawyer, Silverblatt. A meeting was arranged Utt yesterday in Lowell at Silverblatt's office, to which Inspector D. E. McLeod went as the lawyer for the Salvation army. Ro- ditscheck was present and after some dickering the arrests were made. MURPHY ESTATE IS $20,000 Widow of Temperance Apostle Ge.s Home and $1,360 Cash. Uis Angeles, July 12. The will of the late Francis Murphy, "apostle temperance, nas been Mtv tor pro bate. Mr. Murphy, according to th: petition .left an estate valued at $2o. ooo. His home m this city, valued at $3,500 and $1."C0 on deposits, are ! tpicathed to his widow. The remain der of his estate was divided in equi parts between the widow and children of the evangelist. STATE BAR TALKING RATES Illinois Association Having Interesting Session at Galesburg. Galesburg. 111., July 12. An address by Edward M. Shepard of New York on "Corporate, Capitlization and Puhli Morals" was the feature of today' tession of the annual meeting of the lllinoifi State Bar association. The subject of "Railroad Rate Legislation" was thrown open for general discussion by members of the association. FROM TRAIN TO . FREEDOM UNWRITTEN LAW WINS DAY AGAIN Mrs. Bowie and Son Henry Acquitted of Murder of Hubert Posey at LaPlata, Md. In Plata. Md., July 12. The jury i:i the trial of Mrs. Bowie and son Henry for shooting Hubert Posey last Janu ary, today returned a verdict of ac quittal, being out five minutes. The woman ami son admitted they shot Posey because he ruined their daughter and sister. UPHOLDS AMERICAN INDIAN Speaker Before C. E. Convention De nies Red Man's Ruin. Seattle, Wash., uly 12. L sensation was created yesterday in the Christian Endeavor convention when, after C. M Tate had stated in open parliament tnat the Indians were being abused and permitted to fall into moral dec.n dence, Silas B. Whitman of the Lapwai Indian reservation arose and denounc ed the utterances of the speaker as ex aggerated and false. All over the city. In the various meeting places, services were held yes terday, the principal one taking place in the Willistou tent, where training of the young was the theme. Quakes Shake Burlington. Burlington, Iowa, July 12. Numer ous citizens of Burlington declare thnt they felt three distinct shocks of earth quake about 3 o'clock yesterday morning. Boise, July 12. Domiuick Flynn, one of the defendant's witnesses in the Haywood trial, was recalled by the state when the case was opened today. The questions put to him were evidently for impeachment. After Flynn left the stand Haywood was recalled. lliil Not liny Hornr. Haywood said Orehrrd had been at bis house three or four times, but he never called on Orchard, nor had he ever had anything to do with buvin? a Horse and buggy for Orchard with which to go tint on killing expeditions. Witness denied positively he had talk ed with Orchard tr planned with him the killing of Bell. Peabodv. Hearn. Moffatt. Goddard, or Gabbert. He de clared Orchard's storv on the witness stand was the first he had heard of the matter. rvrr Thought of llliu. Haywood denied he had any knowl edge of a plot to kill Steunenberg. Speaking slowly and emphatically, Hay wood said: "I don't think I even thought of Steunenberg after I lelt Idaho in 1901." Denim Itrppatf tlljr. Harrow led his client carefully over the ground covered by Orchard, and at pyt rj lay wood ,htd-lnr t-L'iiiteeii.ui won wrcnaru otner man what was of the most innocent charac ter or with any. criminal act, was de nied again and again by the witness in the mest positive terms. Aenr Kml of (Tomm Ksitmlnntion. Senator Borah totdi Haywood in hand for cross examination for the last hour of tin? session. Haywood gave careful explanations of the workings of the Western Federation of Miners and poli cies and attitude towards the employers tif labor. Borah announced he would conclude cross examination today. t.nvp I.11111; Slorf. Boise. Idaho. July 12. William D. Haywood was witness in his own de fense yesterday and in a lengthy nar rative of his life and his work as lead er tif the miners, that was interrupted by adjournment, denied his guilt of the murder of Steunenberg and the manifold crimes charged against him by Orchard. Haywood's testimony was chiefly characterized by positive denials of al legations made against him by the prosecution. He denied he met Orch ard until some time after the Vindica tor explosion; denied he sent Orchard back to Cripple Creek to blow up the Independence station; denied partici pation in the Lyte Gregeiry murder, and denied suggesting or discussing the Steuneuibe rg murder. He swore he never gave Orchard any memey at any time or place for anv purpose'. Mnilr TnrpNt. Haywood declared he never made a thieat against Steunenberg. whom he said he regarded only as he did any politician who was being swayed by capitalistic influence. Ho tedd of a num ber of occasions when he met Orchard in Denver in the ordinary course of his relations with the federation, and George A. Pettibono, and said he saw Orchard for the last time in August, 190.1, when Orchard toid him he was going back to Alaska, and Haywood said he chided him for deserting his wife at Cripple Creek. The direct ex amination had not reached the. connec tion of Jack Simpkins and the action tif the federation after Steunenberg was murdered when adjournment In terrupted it. llmt-IlM on MmnklnH larldrat. The state ctimpleted the cross ex amination' of Mover at noon and in dealing with his testimony, directed its strongest attack against the circum stances under which the federation, at the sugegstion of Jack Simpkins, came to the relief of Orchard when he was arrested for killing Steuuenberg. Japs Guests of President. Oyster Bay, July 12 Admiral Baro Yamamota, Japanese Ambassado lAoki. and Captain Moto Rondo were Prisoner Jumps from Car Window Near Denver and Escapes. Denver, Col.. July 12. John T.Thomp-' today guests of the president at lunch son. a prisoner in custody ol Detective eon. . ON AN INSPECTION TRIP President and Manager of Rock Island Pass Through City. President Winchell and Cener.'l Manager Mtlchpir of the Rock Island, passed through the city today. Thav came down from Chicago last night : make an inspection trip over the Iowa lines.