Newspaper Page Text
.THE AltGUS, THURSDAY. AUGUST 8. 190T.
DES MOINES HAS IDEAL
FORM OF GOVERNMENT
ONLY CITY IN UNITED STATES TO ADOPT COMMISSION PLAN
WITHOUT SOME GREAT CRISIS TO FORCE MATTERS
TO AN ISSUE.
In a special to the Chicago Sunday
Tribune, the npw form of government
adopted by Dos Moines is outlined in
a most interest ins manner. In view of
misrule and mistakes Rock Island has
suffered from in the pasr, the situation
at tho Iowa capital is of interest in
this city. After telling of the purpose
of the old city hall "sans" to drag this
new system into the courts, the special
The commission plan was declared by
its enemies to be monarchial in its
creation of absolute powers for five
men, and consequently its promoters in
presenting it to the legislature provided
that the law should not be put into
force until the majority of the people
by a secret ballot declared they wanted
to be so governed. And now in the
contemplated attack in the courts the
enemies of the advanced business form
of city government intend to use this
lever to attack the law as contrary to
the constitution of Iowa.
This constitution provides that the
legislature shall not delegate its legis
lative powers. And lawyers who are
opposing the new law say that giving
tho people a right to vote on whether
they wanted such a law was in viola
tion of this section of the constitution.
A still further objection urgl
is that the law is special legislation;
that it creates a charter which every
city is not forced to adopt. The Iowa
constitution especially prohibits special
or class legislation referring particu
larly to municipal legislation.
2Vo Virtuous Sinttn.
Dog Moines is the first city in the
Vnitcd States, which, after a calm, (lis
passionate campaign, unmoved by any
ficat crisis or even any unusual amount
of bad officials or offensive legislation,
to adopt a business form of govern
ment ideal or almost socialistic in its
Galveston had its tidal wave. New
York its Tammany, San Francisco its
Schmitz, and the public was prepared
for any kind of a change which would
give even a promise of relief from un
bearable conditions. Dcs Moines had
none of this sort of bad history to com
pel a revolution. True, it had its peri
ods of bad mayors and inactive alder
men some of whom might be called
corrupt but there was nothing which
called for a change from existing evils.
Des Moines had simply been drifting
along as a great many other cities of
the United States of average size have
been drifting for a good many years
a lax administration of city aiTairs,
which the people themselves by their
neglect of civic duty had encouraged.
The awakening came, not alter the
discovery of any open "boodling' or
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specific "graft" or franchise grabbing,
but after the serious consideration of
conditions by men who .iad been mak
ing a study of the municipal situation
over the I nited States.
When Galveston, Houston and other
Texas cities demonstrated that com
mission government was a success, Des
Moines sent men to study it. James G.
Iierrybill, a millionaire lumberman and
candidate for congress against Captain
Hill, had Interests in Texas and made
a close study of the Galveston plan.
His advocacy of the business, adminis
tration of affairs led to much discus
sion, and two years ago an attempt was
made to present a bill along ihe com
mission plan to the legislature for
adoption. Hut it did not even come to
a vote. In the meantime members of
the city hall "gang" as well as those
classed as reformers, continued their
study of the proposed new system and
also of the Indianapolis plan, which
concentrates the executive power in
the mayor, with only the council to
hinder .him in his execution of the
No Opposition nt I'irst.
The two systems were put to a vote
in a committee of 200, chosen without
regard to the views of the members
as to the new plan, and after they had
listened to an exposition of the merits
of the systems by James G. Berryhill
and W. H. Bailey, the latter a lawyer
who faored ihe Indianapolis system.
Tho Galveston plan had a big majority,
mid a few days later a bill was pro
posed to the legislature, which passed
almost wiHiout opposition. The clause
therein making its adoption contingent
upon approval by a vote of the people
saved it from a fight on the floor of
The law provides that it may be
submitted to a special election upon
petition of 2o per cent of the electors
and must be adopted by a majority.
There was no difficulty in securing
either tho petition or a majority vote
of 2,500, although the present city hall
regime fought desperately to retain
their hold upon the city.
ruder the new law it does not be
come operative until the first Monday
in April, when the new commission,
elected for the first time the third
Monday in March, succeeds the old
ino new law makes the aldermen
elective at large instead of by wards
Tlu present council, hoping to prevent
the adoption of the plan, created two
more wards, making nine in all, but
the nii-e failed to have the desired ef
fect. Although the new law has many new
mill iinvnt f'itfirrto t'linK
.....v. i-in.ii HIC 111111(1-
From St. Louis Take
'BIG FOUR ROUTE"
From Peoria Take
Lake Erie & Western
"BIG FOUR ROUTE"
RAILWAY SYSTEM "
Elagartce in Wa.ll Paper
Like distinction of carriage ui de
portment In humane, appeal! to the
xtiatle eye. There's a certain aun
tie "aomethlng" In papers we select
and sell which speaks of style,
taste and superiority which people
appreciate. Wo ask yon to see and
select wall decorations here at yonr
leisore, as yon will flni vur goods
priced very low.
Parfdort Wall Paper Co.
41 1 Seventeenth Street,
tive and referendum, the recall, primary
election, and other safeguards, the nub
of the entire plan is found in section 7
of the new law, which is as follows:
"The council shall have and possess,
and the council and its members shall
exercise all executive, legislative, and
judicial powers and duties now had,
possessed, and exercised by the mayor,
city council, board of public works,
park commissioners, board of police
and fire commissioners, board of water
works trustees, board of library trus
tees, solicitor, assessor, treasurer, aud
itor, city engineer, and other executive
and administrative officers in cities of
the first class and cities acting under
special charter. The executive and ad
ministrative nowers. authority, and du
ties in such cities shall be distributed
into and among five departments, as
1. Department of public affairs.
2. Department of accounts and fi
nances. . 3. Department of public safety.
4. Department of streets and public
'. Department of parks and public
"The council shall determine the
powers and duties to be performed by,
and assign them to the appropriate
department, shall prescribe the powers
and duties of officers and employes;
may assign particular olficers and em
ployes to one or more of t lie depart
ments, may require an officer or em
ploye to perform duties in two or more
departments, and may make such other
rules and regulations as may be neces-
ary or proper for the efficient and
economical conduct of the business of
t.ront l'imrr In I'ew llnudN.
In other words, the five commis
sioners may run the affairs of the city
as a business institution hiring whom
they please, discharging whom they
want to, and spending the city's money
just as they would their own in the
most economical manner possible. The
citizens of Des Moines tell the five
men, whom they think are honest and
efficient, "Here are the reins of gov
ernment; see that you handle them
To make ceitain that the government
is properly administered, the men who
wrote the charter provide the recall.
This section permits the citizens, upon
petition of 25 per cent of tho voters, to
enforce the resignation of an offend
ing commissioner. When the recall pe
tition is tiled, a new man is nominated
and the offending commissioner must
take his chances at a second election.
And if he hasn't been good, his ollice
may be declared vacant by the people.
Some of the enemies of the new plan
declare that this section is inoperative,
because the charter fails to provide a
method for nominating a successor to
the recalled official. The legislature
will probably be asked to amend this
section at its next session.
The people also have another .safe
guard in the initiative and referendum.
lIon petition of 10 per cent of the voters
an ordinance may be held up and with
a petition of 25 per cent the people
may initiate legislation. A 10 per cent
petition requires the council to sus
pend action and submit a proposed ord
inance to the people. Upon a petition
of 10 per cent the council must either
pass proposed legislation or subpiit it
to a popular vote.
I'Vntnrrn of New I.nw.
The new law has many other feat
ures. For instance, it prohibits any
employe from being interested in any
city contract or in any public servjee
corporation contract, or in accepting
favors from any such corporations are
expected to be entirely eliminated un
der the new law. Candidates are pro
hibited from giving or receiving money,
from making political promises, or from
promising any favor to voters. The
city officials themselves are prohibited
from working in the interest of any
candidate. Heavy penalties are provid
ed in each case. The five commission
ers divide tne departments among
themselves, with the exception of the
mayor, who heads the department of
public affairs. He has no veto power,
a majority vote governing all actions.
This has been urged as argument
against the plan, the enemies of the
new charter claiming that the entire
power of the city is placed in the
hands of three men. The civil service
provisions are made unusually strong,
and practically all employes of the
city with the exception of personal era
ployes are governed by civil service
restrictions, Both the police and fire
departments are taken out of politics
The new plan also provides for com
plete publicity of all city affairs, with
publication of expense vouchers, ac
nie new law contains a provision
also that it may be dropped after a six
years' trial if it proves unsatisfactory.
This, it is charged, also enforces the
charter upon the city for that long a
Other Iowa cities are looking with
anxious eyes upon Des Moines to see
how it works in this city. That was
one of the reasons why the new char
ter had such little difficulty in getting
through the legislature. Members from
the smaller cities always take the
stand, "try it on Des Moines, and If it
doesn't kill her, we will try it our
selves." At present Cedar Rapids and
Dubuque are agitating the new law
and may attempt to put the new char
ter to a vote. Any city of over 25,000
is at liberty to adopt the new plan by
a vote of the people. And this, it is
declared, is what makes the now law
illegal the delegation' to the people of
the right to say what government they
shall have in their cities.
AMermen Will Help Fight.
East side men are the ones threat
ening to test . the law, because, they
is ofttui large, but, in the end, it becomes an invaluable asset, well justifying
the means used to obtain it. Following in the wake of almost all genuinely good
articles, which have won public favor, are the spurious imitations. Colton spoke
indeed truly, when he said: 'Imitation is the sheerest' lattery" for thus every sub
stitute becomes a tribute to the worth of tho original, upon whose popularity it
ottering the substitute, are unintentionally the strongest kind of endorsement for
the original article. They should only tend to strengthen the buyer's confidence
in what he first asked for, and should make it all the easier for him to say:
say, the west side people are attack
ing the new city hall, which it was
proposed to locate in East Des Moines.
THE BAY HORSE.
An Old Arab Lecend i hat Tells of Hia
The bay colored horse Is said to be
the swiftest of all the linrses. A story
to illustrate tiiii.is told of a certain
Ar:il sheik wh.. having Im-oii cuncd
in a titdit with another tribe, was tak
ing his flight with his little son.
They were both mounted on a mag
uillcont white mare which belonged to
the sheik and which had always been
highly valued on account of the great
speed at Which it could go. After hav
ing ridden some little distance the
rbcilc asked his son to lo.k around and
see if they were being followed. The
boy replied that there was some one
riding after them on a black horse.
The sheik seemed satisfied on hearing
this report, but presently repeated his
question. The boy answered that they
were still being pursued, but that this
time the horse was white. "Never
mind," said the father; "mine 13
In a few minutes he asked for n
further report, and the reply was the
same, witu the difference that the horse
was a chestnut. The sbiek, however,
put his question a fourth time, but
upon being told by his son that the
pursuer was mounted on a bay bo
cried out, "Then we are lost, for there
is no horse which it cannot overtake."
II is words proved to be true, for in n
short time they were caught up with
ami captured. .
LEATHER BOUND BOCKS.
A Little Vaseline Improves and Pre
serves the Binding.
An official of the Congressional li
brary was talking with a friend who
recently had purchased a handsome set
of leather bound volumes and said:
"You bad better examine those vol
umes carefully to see If the leather
needs feeding. If It is now stock they
will be all right let alone for several
years, but If they have been on the
shelves for some time the leather will
have lost most of its natural oil and
become brittle. This applies especially
to books kept In private houses, which
are as a rule much hotter than the book
stacks of a largo library. There Is
nothing more attractive than a fresh,
well preserved leather bludlng on a
volume and scarcely anything less so
than a dilapidated, cracked one.
"You can add years to tho life of . a
leather binding and a hundred per cent
to Its appearance by rubbing In a little
vaseline wtth a piece of raw cotton
not too much, just as much as the
leather will thoroughly absorb. Where
the binding bends is where It Is most
likely to crack. The leather will jiot
be greasy, as the vaseline will be ab
sorbed. One treatment every year or
two Is sufficient unless the books are
unduly exposed to heat." Washington
"Regular as the Sun"
Is an expression as old as the race.
No doubt the rising and setting of the
sun is the most regular performance
In the universe, unless It 13 the action
of the liver and bowels when regulat?!
with Dr. King's New Life Pills. Guar
anteed by W. T. Hartz, druggist, 301
Twentieth street 25c.
IS A PLANT OF SLOW GROWTH; IT THRIVES
BY PROPER AND CONTINUOUS AD VER VISING.
the public's confidence, the
on any meritorious article. No one has faith in the unknown; the ex
pense, therefore, of r-iinin the public's trust, which means patronage,
lite very words of the salesman,
REC0R0 OF COURT HOUSE.
Real Estate Transfers.
William A. F. Iiange to Lucinda J.
Mosher west V-, lot C, Sec. 31, 17, i
Robert It. Atkinson to Uriah If.
Hammond tract beginning northye-t
corner lot l;;. Jacob Krei's addition.
Hock Island. $150.
.1. L. Oakleaf. trustee to Ernest
Carl mark lot 3. block 2, Sweeney
Jackson's addition, Moline. $1.
.Jacob A. Honer to City of Molina
tract in northwest Vi. Sec. 5, 17, 1
Christina Malmherg to City of Mo
line tract southwest coiner lot 5,
Suess' subdivision omlot 15, Sec. 5. 17,
1 west, $1.
Charles L. Fromme to City of Molice
tract southwest corner lot 5, Sues'
subdivision outlot 15, Sec. 5, 17, 1
To Have Bugle and Drum Corps.
Colonel Kittilsen commanding the
IS THE WAY PROVISIONS SHOULD BE
KEPT, AND ARE, IF PLACED IN A
WE ARE EXCLUSIVE SELLERS OF "THIS
PORCH AND LAWN
HAMMOCKS, IN GREAT VARIETY. GO
CARTS, THE BIGGEST ASSORTMENT IN
THE TRI-CITIES. PRICED FROM THE BOT
TOM UP. HEY WOOD CARTS, . ALWIN
CARTS, FOYER CARTS.
DdLveivpori Furniture aivd
125-127 West Third street. Davenport, Iowa.
flood-light of publicity must be let in
Must as good as which he uses in
Cth regiment I. X. G. has au'horizel
i Bandmaster John Pvestin of the Oth )
........ . . .. . . );
n-Kimeiii nami at sterling; to lorm a
drum and bugle corps to be a part of
the equipment of the regimental band.!
Mr. rresrin will go about this at once
and organize a corps of eii;ht busier.'
and four drums.
Endorsed by the County.
"The most popular remedy in Oc
sego county, and the best friend of mv
family," writes William M. IMetz; ed
itor and publisher of the Otsego Jour
nal. Gllbertsville, X. Y., "is Dr. King's
Xew Discovery. It has proved to be
an infalliable cure for coughs and
rolds. making short work of the worst
of them. We always keep a bottle ia
the house. I believe it to be the most
valuable preseiption known for lim;.;
and throat diseases." Guaranteed ro
never disappoint the taker, by W. T.
Hartz, drug store, 3ft i Twentieth
street. Trice 50c and $1. Trial tot::e
newa all the time THR
MARK TWAIN SAYS BE GOOD
AND YOU WILL BE
Carso &. Ohlwciler company's
Ginger Ale is lonesome has
very few ginger ale associates.
But its friends those who ap
preciate really good Ginger Ale
are legion. Don't be careless
about your Ginger Ale.
Don't accept anything that
goes by the name of ginger ale.
Be particular. See that you ge t
the C. & O. company's. Ask for
it, and take no other.
Carse & Ohlweiler
Cor. Eleventh St. and Fifth Ave.
Old phone west 14. new phone
Charles E. Hodgson,
FIRE INSURANCE . 4
American Insurance company, Newark
American Ins. Co Newark, N. J.
Continental Ins. Co New York
Agricultural Ins. Co New York
Farmers' Ins. Co York, Pa.
Williamsburg Ins. Co New York
New Hampshire Ins. Co. .N.Hampshi-o
Northern Ins. Co New York
Security Ins. Co... New Haven, Conn.
Ins. Co. State of Illinois.. Rockford. 111.
Connecticut Fire Ins. Co. of Connecticut
Office, room 3, Buford block. Rates
as low as consistent with security.
JOHN VOLK & CO.
Manufacturers of Sash, Doors,
Blinds and Stairs. Interior Fin
ish of All Kinds. Hardwood Ve
neer Flooring, and DEALERS
311 AND 329
ROCK ISLAND, ILL,
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