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THE ARGUS,. WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 18, 1907. THE SINGLE TAX Editor Argus: I had supposed th-i the debate over the single tax was endoc thn about all had been said i'i Its f;", that could be said, and th.vt any j!:; ', .'.termination of the theory' musi ' the appeal to experience, -t is v. ; while to notice, therefor", that ' xperience of a little town in X- , has very" little value here, in the i i States, conditions bein no vast- ;: ii rent. It maj i; that if the single tat bad been .i .j -i when the country was new,. ;.. 1 land unimproved, it might have u. -v. doped into a workable method of ra .vir-? revenue. The n. Itial difficulty would have been thu land was then so plenty that 110bo.lv would care to pay for the privilege f oi c-upyiii- Jt, and nut il after iiuprov nients had been made upon it the la.il had no rental value, aud would have produced no revenue. Still, the sta'o could have refused to convey title to tiie land, only granting neruiissiou Li the settler to occupy the land he In J improved as long as he was willing to pay to the state that somewhat indefi nite something called by single taxers "ground rent." In some such way the system might have been introduced, and it might have been, for any thin;; I know to the contrary, an improve ment on the mothods now in use. J ley ond all doubt the government niade a great mistake in surrendering the title to the mineral and forest land. But the mistake having bee.i made, it is not easy to see how to correct It. If there is any way fur til ; f-tate to recovc" possession of these lands, except by purchase. I am ignor ant of it. We all remember the old adage about locking the stable door. We may some time come to see that a public service corporation which in cludes those engaged In the mining and distribution of coal; that shall fail in discharging its obligation to the public, as was the case with the coal companies noL so very long ago, com mits suicide, am' its estate reverts to the government in trust to be admin istered for the public benefit. (Hlack stone Book 1, Chapter IS, Section 4.) We are not quite ready for such a radical proposition. Also, beyond all doubt, any mineral or forest land remaining in the public domain should be withdrawn from en try, and held by the governnunt as a perpetuil trust for the benefit of the people. To return to the single tax. Ad mitting for the sake of argument that the single tax theory looks good oa paper, admitting that there is in it an element of justice, since the density of population is an important factor in fixing the rental value of land, admit ting that without "access to laud" in dustry cannot exist, yet there remain serious difficulties in the way of pit ting it into operation. Granting that the ground rent, if diverted to the pub lie treasury, would produce a vast amount of revenue which might be ex pended in many ways for the good f Hie people, still the question persists, who pays this rental? Land of itself produces nothing, and never can pro duce till labor is applied to it. and out of the proceeds of the labor all charges miK-t be paid. It matters nothing what these charges may be callel, whether ground rent paid to the staic in lieu of tax, or rental paid to a land owner or tax levied by city, county r am- in S I The strongest sometimes eat the least, but they eat wisely. Not what you eat, but what you digest, gives you strength. Uneeda Biscuit is the most nourishing and di gestible food made from flour. Eat wisely eat for strength Uneeda Biscuit In moisture and dust proof packages. NATIONAL BISCUIT COMPANY P Take the Rocky Mountain Limited. ""!:? newest and most luxuriously equipped train b. twten Chicago and Colorado. Such important things as a new mission-style library buffet -observation car a barber electric lights.and fans. Garland car ventilators; these differentiate the Rocky Mountain Limited ns the BEST. But one night en route. Leaves daily at 1:35 p. m. A second daily train leaves at 3:2t a. m., carrying standard and tourist sleeping cars. Rock Island to the Rockies" Ask for dainty illustrated booklet describing the Uocky Mountain Limited. 1 1 II. PLUMMER, City Pass. Agt., Rock Island Lines. 1829 Second Ave., Rock Island. school district, productive industry foots the bill. Right here is the weak point in Henry George's philosophy. He could produce no testimony from ex perience, or any inference from logic. or deduction from reasoning that such would be the result. But. suppose the people should b? convinced that the single tax is correct in theory and should show their faith by their works, transferring the land to the government to be administered according to this system, what no v becomes of the improveinnuts? Im provements, according to Henry Oeor'50 do not belong to the land. They are personal property and belong to him who makes them, forgetting appar ently that they cannot be separate! from the land without destroying them. If the single taxers have any way out of this difficulty they should make it known. Thomas B. Shearman, of Brooklyn, X. Y., some , years ago proposed an I this is the only attempt to solve the puzzle I have seen, "that each parcel of land be offered annually at public sale, and the highest bidder gets thi use of that parcel of land one yea", it being assumed that his bid would represent the value of the ground rent, which may be true, but the improve ments must be assumed by the pu chaser. The practical result would be that the most valuable lands in the cities, wiiich are expected to yield such fabulous revenues, would be bid in by their present occupants for a song, s 110 other person could afford to put up the value of the improvements 011 a yearly tenure. Vacant lots and unim proved lands in and near the cities could not be disposed of in this man ner, as they produce nothing, and no body would want them. Farming land.-, apart from buildings might bo handled, and the net outcome of it all would hi to dump upon the farming interests nearly the entire burden of supporting the government. Nor does it follow that the sing'e tax would benefit labor by giving it easier access to land. Access to land would benefit labor not at all unless labor has the help of capital, and it 5r entirely reasonable to believe that cai ital would be reluctant to engage in large enterprises upon the uncertain tenure contemplated by the single tax. Neither would the single tax break up monopolies. The Standard Oil, til-; steel corporation, the coal combine, the railroads are in possession. They can not be ousted, even under the single tax, except by a combination of capi tal larger and stronger than them selves. Capitalists find it better poi icy to combine than to light each othc.-. It is safe to affirm that if the single tax was put in operation according to Mr. Shearman's plan money enoug.i could not be raised in the Unit"! States to secure one. year's lease of ion feet frontage in the business cen ter of Chicago, and the monopolists would keep right on doiug.busiiicss at. the old stand. These considerations, if no other were alleged plainly indicate that tht single tax is no universal cure for ad the disorders of the social organism. JOHN G. OSIIOHN. Port Byron, 111. Now Complete General Store We wish to announce to our patrons and the public generally that vve have lately added to our stock of fancy and staple groceries a NEWS OF THE NEIGHBORHOOD (Continued from Vage Two.) till Sunday evening with Mrs. Wait's parents, Mr, aud Mrs. Charles Btiv- goyne. Mr. and Mrs. John Shaffer anil chil dren, who have been visiting relativ-.-s at Grinnell and other points in Iowa for the past two weeks, returned home Monday. The infant son of Mr. and Glaezer died' Sunday morning. Mrs. F. E. Cole spent Sunday Monday in Rock Island visiting mother aud sister. Mrs and her Always in the Public Egotism used to be defined as "suffering your eye to get too much in the public eye." The censure in this definition is all very appropriate if applied only to people who lead wholly "private lives" to people quite outside of trade or business activities. But, to people who "keep stores," to people who, must find a market for something or other, and whose names are identified with their business, keeping their "I's" in the public Eye is not egotism it is fundamental good sense. There was once an adage which said: "Seldom seen, soon forgotten." It was a true adage true of almost everything, and especially true of Adver" tising as applied to business prosperity. A business enterprise grows in sure proportion to the regularity with which it is kept in the public eye and memory. U. county convention this week. Preston Ball will accompany 11. 1. Wait to Canada. They left Tuesday. Mrs. Kettlekamp of Joy, 111., is a visitor at Taylor Ridge. CABLE. The Caol Valley Mining company's mine resumed operation here Monday, Sept. 10, after being shut down all summer. All the men now employed at Sherrard who formerly worked here will be given employment again. F. 1). Hays went to Albert City. Iowa, Monday to join his family who have been there for sonic time. Hi has disposed of his livery business here to Robert Whan who will con tinue the business at the old stand. Gust Wydeen was taken to the hos pital at Davenport, Tuesday, where he will go through an operation, lie has been suffering from appendicitis for several months at different times. Roger Scott moved his family and household goods to Rock Island last week where they will make their fu ture home. Mrs. John Edgar went to Cambridgj Monday for a few day's visit with r.-l-atives. Mrs. Murt Connor of Coal Valley is visiting relatives here. TAYLOR RIDGE. Mrs. James Bowes and daughter, Mrs. Jane Vanatta, were Uock Island callers Saturday. Mrs. Koush of Viola is staying with her mother, Mrs. Sam Fox, who is ill. Mrs. Peter Eckhart spent last week in Rock Island. James Coulter has sold out and bought the Ben Redicker farm south of the Ridge. Miss Ella Baumbach of Rock Island is visiting at the home of Miss Nannie Miller. Mrs. Cyrus Miller and Eliska Hofer were elected delegates to the W. C. T. Complete Line of Hardware and accessories to that line, and it will be our endeavor to keep the stocks complee at all times. We pay highest prices for country produce. Make this store your headquarters. TojxilinspiY H Convill, 1624 Fourth Avenue, Rock Island. Both Phones. Nervous Exhaustion From Hard Work The story that Mrs. B. E. Smith of 222 Bird Ave., Buffalo, N. Y.. tells of the complete recovery of hef niece from a most deplorable condition of ex treme weakness and nervousness only goes to prove the wonderful power that Dr. A. W. Chase's Nerve Pills have over all nervous affections. So com plete and full is the statement of the case and the splendid recovery that we need only quote her own words. This lady says: "My. niece, a young lady of 22 years of age, was In a deplorable condition from nervous exhaustion, the result or hard: general wrork. Her general make-up was of the high strung nervous kind the appetite was Door. The head ached constantly no rest at night the heart action was very weak, the slightest exertion bringing' on pain about the heart and palpitation. She grew very weak and lost weight rapid ly. I hoard of the splendid work of'Dr. A. W. Chase's Nerve Pills in such cases and procured some, and I- am pleased to say they acted-flnely she soon rest ed easily at night the headaches stop ped she picked up in weight the an- petite was good, and, in fact, the change on tne whole was most marked and gratifying. As a consequence of this splendid result I can conscientiously and heartily recommend the medicine to others in similar cases. 50c a box at all dealers or Dr." A. W. Chase Medi cine Co.. Buffalo, N. T. For Sale at Harper House Pharmacy. Notice to Contractors. Bids will be received at the office of the city clerk up to !l a. m., Sept. 21, 1907, for constructing certain sidewalks on certain avenues in the Fifth ward in the city of Rock Island, 111. Specifi cations on file at the office of the city engincer. The contractor will be paid in bonds bearing 5 per cent interest. Proposals shall be accompanied by a certified check on a responsible bank, or by cash, payable to the president of tlieboard of local improvements, to an amount not less than 10 per cent of the aggregate projiosal. II. C. SCHAFFER, President Board of Local Improve ments. ROCK ISLAND MINING COMPANY MAKES A RICH STRIKE OF LEAD Joplin (Mo.) Daily Globe: The mic- get eral ' prosperity which was started omc time ago at Carthage still re mains unabated. Hardly a day goe ; by but what an exceptionally ric'i trike of oie is made in some part of the Caithage district. On Thursday of this week two rich bodies of lead wire encountered 011 the Payne an 1 Weaver properties. What promises to prove quite a bo nanza in the mining field was a leal strike made Thursday by the Rock Island Mining company ou the .1. W. Weaver farm northwest of Catthaue. The drill struck a good vein of lead ore at a depth of .10 fct t, and was still in good ore when the drill ere v quit work, having gone through sev eral feet of line stuff. It is thought that the vein is quite deep, and t!i.; quality of the drill clippings indicate a rich strike has been made. This is the fourth drill hole on the Weaver land in which the Rock Island people have opened up goad prospects. In the first hole a' good vein of lead ore was found, in the secoud a 20 foot vein was opened up, and in the thiid hole lead was struck in small quan tities for a distance of 100 feet. The new hole seems to be the rich est of all. If the drill continues "u good ore for several feet it is prob able that a plant will be erected am', a shaft sunk at once. Nearly every one of the drill holes would warrant a shaft being sent down for the stir A fine body of lead was also drilled into on the A. M. Payne 10-acre tract Thursday afternoon. This land is !. cated on Highland avenue just east of Grand avenue. Mr. Pay.no has been having the lan;"; prospected with a drill, and is likely to big returns for his investment. The body of lead was encountered at "A feet, and was very rich. A shaf was at once started and will be in: down to the hotly of ore as rajndly as possible. Tile owner of the lan 1 is feeling jubilant and feels sure lv? lias a big thing. Property owners in the vicinity are excited, many ' are talking of prospecting, aud the price of real estate is 011 the upward t'-ii-Jeucy. Some time ago J. W. Aylor, who owns some land adjoining Mr. Payne's tract, looked over the place and gave it as his opinion that there was min eial there. He bayed his judgment oil the surface indications ami lis long experience in mining. In this -n-stance at loasr, Mr. Aylor seems t be a true prophet, aud his services as a mineral locater may b' in great de mand by those owning land youth of Cartilage. Notice to Contractors. Bids will be received at the office of the city clerk up to J a. m., Sept. 21, 1907, for constructing certain sidewalks on certain avenues in the Sixth ward in the city of Rock Island, 111. Specifi cations ou file at the office of the city engineer. The contractor will be naid in bonds bearing 5 per cent interest. Proposals shall be accompanied by a certified check on a responsible bank, or by cash, payable to the president of the board of local improvements, to an amount not less than 10 per cent of the aggregate proposal. H. C. SCHAFFER. President Board of Local Improvements. A Humane Appeal. A humane citizen of Richmond, Ind., U. D. Williams, 107 West Main street, says: "I appeal to all persons with weak lungs to take Dr. King's New Discovery, the only remedy that has helped me and fully comes up to the proprietor's recommendation." it saves more lives than all other throat and lung remedies put together. Used as a cough and cold cure the world over. Cures asthma, bronchitis, croup, whooping cough, quinsy, hoarsenP3o. and phthisic, stops Hemorrhages of the lungs and builds them up. Guarantee 1 at W. T.'Hartz's drug store, 301 Twen tieth street 50c and $1.00. Trial boC tle free. - Ills that Beset Womankind Every woman should guard her self against the iUs that menace her health and happiness. When Nature makes unusual de mands upon the system, extra pre cautions should be taken to main tain the health and strength of the organs. At such times Sfeeciam'J are recommended as a safe and natural remedy that gives exactly the needed help at the right time. The excellent results from these pills have made them the favorite standby of women for over half a century. Beecham's Pills strength en the nerves, purify the blood, regulate the bowels, remove sick headache and promptly Relieve Back Pains and Depression In boxes with full directions ioc. and asc ' Our Great Annual Fall Clearing Sale Wall Paper At Less than Factory Cost. Look: 2.0C0 rolls good Wall Paper only 2c a roll 3,000 rolls better Wall Paper only ...3c a roll 5,000 rolls 10c, 12c and 15c grade only 5c a roll 5,000 rolls 18c, 20c and 25c grade only 10c a roll All our celebrated Special Imports, worth up to 7.c, during this sale at only 25c a roll. 100 Room Lots of Fine Wall Paper Only $1 for the ENTIRE ROOM. This sale only lasts a few days. Buy now. Prices wiil never be so low again. Adams Wall Paper Co., 310-312-314 Twentieth Street, Rock Island. gCOOCXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXKXXX50CXXXXXXXXX Illinois State Fair Sept. 27-Oct. 5, 1907. ONLY 2c PER MILE And SPECIAL TRAIN SERVICE to and from PRINGFIELB VIA THE CHICAGO & ALTON R. R. "THE ONLY WAY" Direct connections via Peoria; and the Alton's direct short line. This year's fair will surpass all previous ones. Twice the usual amount of exhibition space has already been assigned. ' " C. & A. trains leave Peoria1 7: 00 a. m., 7:03 a. m., 9:00 a. m., 1 noon, and C: 10 p. m Fine connections returning. SPECIAL SHUTTLE TRAIN FAIR GROUNDS SERVICE be in effect by the. Chicago & Alton between' its Springfield depot and the State Fair grounds jmon arrival of all C. & A. trains? trains' wU be fun every few minutes. Fare only 10 cents. FOR Lgyy RATE T!,CET$ SEE TICKET AGENTS.