Newspaper Page Text
fTHE ARGUS, TUESDAY, DECEMBER 17, 1907.
Meyer of Beacon Hill
POSTMASTER GENERAL, WHO HAS MADE RECOMMEN
DATIONS THAT HAVE CAUSED PEOPLE TO THINK.
Unique Figure In the President's Cabinet, Who Strongly Urges
the Establishment of a System of Postal Savings
Banks and a Parcels Post, Is an Excel
lent Presiding Officer, With Un- 6
? usual Ability and Tact. - 1
By ROUERTUS LOVE.
i VERY civilized nation will
sooner or later possess a par
cels post." wrote J. lleuniker
UeaUm, member of the Brit
ish parliament, a few years ago. "Well,
the United States shows signs of be
coming a civilized nation, according to
that standard. Postmaster General
George von Lengerke Meyer In his an
nual report to the president strongly
recommends the establishment of such
an Institution. President Roosevelt In
his annual message to congress sec
onds the motion. But a still stronger
recommendation made by Mr. Meyer
and seconded by Mr. Roosevelt Is that
a system of postal savings banks be
instituted. The new postmaster gen
eral, who was des-tiled in some quar
ters when he took office last March as
"a society fop," seems to be trying to
get things done. While the postal sav
ings bank system and the parcels post
are by no means new notions, no pre
vious postmaster general has urged
them with such emphasis.
The recommendation for postal sav
ings banks comes in what might be
called the nick of time. The financial
stringency, otherwise the lack of cold
cash in circulation, is due in large
measure to the hoarding of money by
persons "who are afraid to trust it to
the banks. Mr. Bryan's proposition to
have the national government guaran
tee the safety of bank deposits as a
preventive of hoarding Is really:
though perhaps unconsciously, reiter
ated by Mr. Meyer in bis recommenda
tion that the people be- permitted to
i deposit their money in postoflices. The
country to Europe for safe keeping by
suspicions immigrants would stay
here in general circulation.
There are in round numbers 30,000
money order postoflices. with about
23.000 others. The suggestlan of the
chief, of the department is that all
money order offices be made places of
deposit, with such other offices as may
be designated, according to the local
conditions. Practically everybody Is
in touch with a money order postoflioe.
The temptation to hand spare cash to
the postmaster would make savers out
of millions of persons who at preseut
never save a solitary ducat. Thus, In
addition to transforming the useless
secret hoard Into a career of usefulness
in the channels of trade, the postal
savings system might transform mil
lions of Impecunious persons into
Opposed by Powerful Interests.
But the postmaster general's recom
mendation for an extension of the par
cels post service is reasonably sure to
find itself confronted by a wall of op
position built of re-ruforeed adamant.
That has been the experience of the
past. Postmaster Generals Vilas,
Wanainaker and Bissell each urged
this extension. In each instance the
proposition ran up against a blank
wall in congress and fell down. There
are two widely different interests, each
powerful in Its way. which oppose the
carrying of packages by the postal
service above the present maximum
weight of four pounds. The great ex
press companies constitute one inter
est. They are well aware that In Eu-
yenrs. A cinm tt it operate ir. i-riucipje adopt
ed by V. S. Army. Write toilay for our Kirc
less Cooker I'.ook mailed l'KI-'.i;.
llallock Fircless Cooker will change that
state of ufi'airs in your liome. "Man's Work
In From Sun to Sun, Woman's Work Is Nev
Jjeslre to be able to send or receive
through' the mails at a nominal rate
uch parcels as they now are "com
pelled to send by express at an ex
orbitant fee. The merchants do not
love the express companies, nor do the
common people adore the mail order
magnates. But this peculiar situation
makes strange bedfellows.
There is one recommendation in the
postmaster general's report which all
of us, particularly in the cities, will
approve. Mr. Meyer suggests that slot
machines be installed at points of pub
lic access for the automatic selling of
stamps and postal cards. Anybody
can appreciate the advantage of stamp
slots who has wanted a postage stamp
and wanted it badly, but. being miles
from the postoffice, has been compelled
to brave the scornful drug clerk lion
In his den and timidly. request that he
sell a two cent stamp at the govern
Postmaster General Meyer, whose
recommendations have set people to
thinking and talking, is a unique fig
ure in the cabinet. He .was born on
Beacon mil. Boston, In 1S58, with a
whole 6et of 'golden spoons in his
mouth. Ever since then he has been
adding to his family plate in other
words, getting richer. He is one of the
wealthiest men who ever sat at the
cabinet table, though great wealth is
not new to the president's departmen
tal advisory group. There was Wana
maker. President Harrison's postmas
ter general, and there was Whitney,
President Cleveland's first secretary of
the navy, to name two multimillion
aire cabinet officers.
Excellent Presiding Officer.
Mr. Meyer was graduated from Har
vard in 1879, just a year before Theo
dore Roosevelt received, his diploma
from the same institution. Mr. Meyer
went into business. With his family
backing and prestige, not forgetting
the accompanying cash, his way was
easy. As a merchant and as managing
director in a dozen big concerns Mr.
Meyer pursued a flowery path. He
married a charming woman. Miss
Alice Appleton. was a brilliant figure
in Boston society and might easily
have become a Newport "exquisite."
giving monkey dinners and cutting
other monkey shines, but he didn't
He was different. Early in his twen
ties he got himself elected a Boston
alderman. Then he was called higher
and became a member of the Massa
chusetts legislature for several terms.
In 1S04 the youug legislator was elect
ed speaker of the house. He made an
excellent record as a presiding officer.
It is said of him that he expedited
business with unusual ability and tact.
After his long service in city and
state legislative bodies Mr. Meyer was
selected by President McKinley in
1900 to go to Italy as ambassador. His
wealth and his wide experience in so
cial functions among the upper ten
rendered him uncommonly fit to hold
his own and 'maintain Uncle Sam's
dignity in the company of kings and
This beautiful Ilasc BurmV 1? viaT lft-lfl, t?.,;jyvftKjBr'f
nU-kcl nlatcd and euaranteed the very when one !ws not
I mo Mnor
FOR MORE THAN
FIFTY YEARS THE
TERS FOR CHRIST
Crampton Book Store,
1719 Second Avenue
The Great Center for Xmas Books
THIS YEAR THE
STOCK IS MORE
VARIED AND AT
A partial list by popular authors,
$1.50 books at 1.08 and $1.18.
Stewart Edward White.
DAUGHTER OF ANDERSON CROW
George Barr McCutchcon.
THE LION'S SHARE
By author "The Divine Fire."
, SHEPHERD OF THE HILLS
Author "Printer of Udells.'
Praised by the press everywhere.
Sir Cilbert Parker. ,
Frances Hodgson Burnett.
Author "Little ixnd Fauntleroy."
By Elizabeth Stewart Phelps, author
of "Gates Ajar." -THE
Author "Leopard Spots.
THE CAR OF DESTINY
THE PORT OF MISSING MEN
THE FRUIT OF THE TREE
Author "Hou.se of Mirth."
THE YOUNGS' ACT
Robert W. Chambers.'
WARDS OF LIBERTY
Author Little Citizen.
LIFE'S SHOP WINDOW
The Great English Novelist.
RECENT POPULAR FICTION
$1.50 Books Now 49c.
Big list of titles to select from,
mailed on application.
OWHERE OUTSIDE THE LARGE CITIES WILL
YOU FIND SO GREAT AND VARIED AN ARRAY
OF HOLIDAY BOOKS AS ARE NOW DISPLAY
ED ON OUR COUNTERS AND SHELVES. HERE YOU
MAY COME AND LOOK OVER THEM AT YOUR
LEISURE, AND WE WILL GLADLY ASSIST YOU
WITH OUR ADVICE AND SUGGESTIONS. NO OTHER
GIFTCOMBINES WITHIN ITSELF HAS SO MANY
IDEAL QUALITIES AS A BOOK. NEXT OJLY TO
THE GIVEN FRIENDSHIP, IS A GOOD BOOK TO B.E
VALUED. WE URGE THE ADVANTAGE OF MAK
ING YOUR SELECTION NOW, WHILE OUR STOCK IS
COMPLETE AND STORE NOT CROWDED.
INTENDING BUYERS OF HOLIDAY GIFTS UNAC
QUAINTED WITH THE OFFERINGS OF OUR ESTAB
LISHMENT WILL FIND ALREADY SOLVED HERE
MANY GIFT PROBLEMS. WE HAVE PREPARED A
WONDERFUL DISPLAY OF BEAUTIFUL WARES IN
A WIDE RANGE OF PRICES, AND WHETHER YOU
DESIRE TO INVEST LITTLE OR MUCH YOU WILL
FIND IN OUR STOCK EXCEPTIONAL OPPORTUNI
TIES FOR THE SELECTION OF IDEAL GIFTS FOR
YOUR FRIENDS OF ALL AGES.
Books for young children. Fascin-'
ating and delightful. All the old
favorites and many new ones 1 cent
for hoys and girls of all ages. Al
ger. Castlemore, Stephens, Henty,
Kirk, Monroe, etc.
Portrait frames of every size and
kind on hand or made to order.
Picture framing department in
charge of an expert. Avoid the
rush by ordering your work now.
Fountain Pens, 25c to $7.50.
Waterman Ideal Fountain Pens,
the standard the world over.
Goldsmith self-filling pens ar-3
very convenient and well liked.
Moore's non-leakable. S" '
RED LETTER BIBLES.
New Helps, Concordance, an.!
Good Morocco, Divinity Cucuit
and Thumb Index,
A large purchase from a fail
ed publisher enables us to sell
a book worth $1.50 for 98c.
A full stock of Bibles, Testa
ments and Prayer Books now in
FOR SUNDAY SCHOOL; "
Prettily Vjo".r.i, white and gold,
I in color, only
l ' 10d.
' A. W. CRAMPTON, Prop.
Special Attention is Invit
ed to Our Art Dept.
. . . ;
Now largely stocked with handsome
Pictures, Oil Paintings, Pastels, Wa
ter Colors. Etchings, etc. All suitably
framed, at prices within the reach of
Rich and rare in design -and color.
Must be seen to be appreciated.
Gilt and Silver Novelties. Fine leath
er Goods. Fountain Pens.Writing Desks,
Pocket Books, Card Cases, etc.
POSTAL CARD ALBUMS.
A large line, and very ciK'up.
FINE WRITING PAPER.
Attractive boxes. Nothing could be
more acceptable. Everybody writes
letters. Our line paper makes, beauti
20 to $3.00.
Ranging from $1.25 to $5. no. An ex
tensive variety of ba.sswood article
and panels for burning.
The great new fad.
And Views. New styles; good sub
jects. Not expensive.
ALL THE NEW AND POPULAR
Beautifully Bound ana Illustrated.
Poetry, History, "Travel, Essays, etc.
Sumptuous volumes as well as dainty
books in white and gold and llcxible
leather. Prices ranging
25o to S5.00
, CHRISTMAS AND NEW YEAR
To please the most fastidious.
Illuminated Christmas Greetings and
Mottoes, Words of Help and Cheer
etc., decorated by hand. These are
sure to please.
hi'st Base Burner made for hard coal.
The lime lo buy is now. Sizes anil
stvles to tit every purse. Beautiful
Hard I oal Jioatcr-. just
like cut, large size ....
Hot Blast Air Tight
wish to heal i:t) tlie
vi hole bouse: brings 111
;(iii-k results: smoke
less, odorless and
i'lYihois Farmers Slow to Adopt
Method of Keeping Record
These prices are so amazingly low that they wou Id befs
This is. not the case. When we state that the goods offerv-
handsomest, you must agree with us that these are by tar
Ingrain Carpets Body Brussel Carpets
20 different patterns of very heavy
A lot of nice In
i;raiit Carpels . .
POSTMASTER GENERAL GEORGE VON L. MEYER.
government's receipt is to be the guar
antee of safety. Under this system no
private individual or set of individuals
will be responsible for your savings.
flbe United States of America, which
Is not likely to close its doors and go
out of business for many, many years
o come, will be the responsible party.
,The American people believe in the
tabl1lty and the Integrity of their
government. Even ihe foreigners who
have come to America have confidence
dn the government's ability and -willingness
to satisfy an I O U.
The postmaster general would make
' Jt possible, congress kindly consenting,
for James Jones of .Timtown to step
up to his postmaster, deposit any sum
fln even dollars from $1 up to $500,
draw 2 per cent interest thereon and
uleep well o' nights. Mr. Jones' $1 or
$500 woufd be lent to the national
(bank in the neighborhood and put into
circulation, where It oight to be. The
Ibank would pay Uncle Sam the Inter
. sts which Uncle Sam would pay to
Jones of Jlmtovvn.
Would Circulate Hoarded Money.
' It Is a pretty general belief through
out this country that with the estab
lishment of a postal savings system
nuch as Mr. Meyer recommends there
.would be a very remarkable movement
of real money or Its equivalent from
the hoarders' morgues the tomato can
buried In the luick yard, the last year's
sock in the attic, the secret receptacle
lu the bedroom wnll to the postoffice
and thence through the national banks
back into neighborhood circulation. It
Is believed also that millions and mil
lions of dollars, now sent out of this
ropean countries under the parcels post
pystetns operated there packages are
carried at about one-fourth the price
exacted by the American express con
cerns for the same weight and dis
tance. Consequently they have fought
this proposed innovation tooth and
toe nafl. With Thomas C. Piatt of New
York, president of the United States
Express company. In the national sen
ate, the parcels post has had one in
veterate enemy in a high place for
The other opposing interest Is one
which is stronger today than, ever and
constantly growing still stronger. The
retail merchants of the smaller cities
and towns are dead set against the
parcels post. They are just as en
thusiastic In opposition as are' the big
city mall order houses In advocacy of
it. The retailers hold that with pack
ages up to twelve pounds carried
through the malls at a nominal rate
the mail order people will greatly in
jure the local retail trade.. Already,
without a general parcels post, local
merchants have suffered greatly be
cause of raajl orders delivered by ex
press. Wlthtli.e malls open both to
the order and to"Hhe delivery of the
gooas ana witn rural delivery routes
being extended day by day, the mer
chants in small towns fear that disas
ter would overtake theif business,
v- Peculiar. Situation.
ITere we have a pretty fight. On one
side are ranged the big carrying cor
porations and the 'multitude of small
merchants, while, on the other side Are
the mall order folks and that vaster
multitude of individuals who naturally
MUCH WORK DONE AT A LOSS
Simple System Would Obviate Useless
Activities and Increase the
35 different patterns oT Ar
nold Constable'- Iiom grade of
liody lirussoN. lots of tbese have
borders to match. " Q1
during this wile at v1.Oj.S2
large "t of extra line
When the president made several
changes in his cabinet last March be
called Ambassador Meyer to assume
the portfolio of postmaster general.
The Meyers, it was said by the social
exquisites at Washington, would make
most welcome additions to the society
of the national capital. Their wide
experience not only in Boston's Back
Bay district, but in the circles where
kings, queens and princelings move,
would lend "distinction" to the cab
inet circle, all of which has turned
out to be true. The Meyer ladies are
charming and popular. European court
experience Is by no means to be sneez
ed at In our democratic Washington,
for the families of foreign diplomats
may be inclined to prefer the near
European to the all American brand
of social etiquette.
As to the head of the Meyer house
hold, these stories of his wealth and
his family's -social training were not
conducive to the solidification of bis
reputation with the masses. In fact,
there appeared to be a set purpose on
the part of some Washington corre
spondents to deny to Mr. Meyer the
place of honor at the head of his de
partment and to make Frank Hitch
cock, the first assistant, postmaster
general by brevet. It was said that
Hitchcock did the work and Meyer
drew the honors.
Postmaster General Meyer now
seems to have gained his bearings in
the postoffice department and to have
become the pilot of the ship. The lo
cal postoffice Is the average citizen's
most intimate bond of acquaintance
with the national government. To the
most of s a proposed change, for bet
ter or for worse, in the postoffice de
partment 'is a matter of personal In
terest. ' Just how the innovations pro
posed by Mr. Meyer of Beacon Hill
will suit the denizen of Hillside Cor
ners, should they be approved by coo
gress, remains to be determined.
will not work. It took me three years anniversary of the birth of John Green-
. . G. B. S.'s Market Value. -
, George Bernard Shaw, writing in the
London New Age, says: "Milton took
5 for 'Paradise Lost' because he could
not get any more. I should ask 5,000
for the same quantity of pen and ink
work because -1 need not take any
less.'- " . '
One of the things that Illinois farm
ers know the least about In definite
terms is auy carefully considered
method for determining the item of
cost in the production of any crop, yet
as In any other business, an accurate
knowledge of such cost is very neces
sary to. economic production and safe
ty and success in the undertaking.
Joseph R. Fulkerson of Hazel Dell
stock farm, Jersey ville, 111., has figur
ed out for three different years the
cost of producing an acre of corn, and
he told about it as follows in address
ing the Grout farm encampment, near
It is not always the man who knows
the most who makes the greatest suc
cess, but the man who thinks. It is
necessary to read, and as a rule the
one who reads the most thinks the
most. The day of haphazard farming
by plenty of brawn and no brains has
gone by. No two farms are exactly
alike. Every farm is a separate and
distinct problem to be worked out by
Itself. So much depencs upon the
Knm Kvrrjr Item of Cont.
A man said the other day. "Lumber
is high," but a lumber dealer replied
that lumber had been too low and now
simply had advanced along with pork,
corn and wheat. He was able to tell
to a penny the cost of the timber, the
labor, and the freight rates; what it
cost him to haul and skid the logs, to
put them over the saw, to stack and
load the. lumber, and to deliver it to
the market, and what per cent of culls
had to be reconed upon. That was a
man who thinks. He Knew exactly
what it costs to produce the lumber he
I wonder if a boy here knows what
it cost per acre for seed corn last
year; what It cost to plow the ground,
to work It down, to' cultivate it, and
what, from a previous record, will be
the probable cost to husk and deliver
this corn. It is necessary that the
farmer keep accounts and know the
cost of production, that he may be able
to figure out methods of cheaper pro
duction. The man who finds that there
is "no' money in farming" and says
"I'm going to quit," doesn't think,, or
he doesn't keep accounts.
Fladlns (h Coat Per Day.
We will first study what a man and
team are worth per day. There are
four Sundays in a month and proba
bly two other days on which the man
to figure out the cost of a horse's
work. I found that the average price
ol farm horses was $125. and figured
that they were good for 1" years'
work, and worth $30 when 15 years
old. You know what com. oats and
hay you feed the horses. I gave them
the usual amount of hay and then
took it out of the mangers and
weighed it. A certain amount must
be counted for the horses' feed in the
stalk-field or pasture. In Massachu
setts or Pennsylvania the cost of the
horse is figured at, 40 to 50 cents a
day. Here the horse costs about one
half that, as horses, feed and pasture
are cheaper. The horse includes the
use of the harness and the repair
bills. I found . that it cast 22 cents a
day to keep a horse, and figured the
man at $1.35 $1.S0 per day for man
and team. That is the cost to us. It
may cost more or less upon other
farms and under other conditions. It
is almost impossible to get the exact
cost but if we make an effort to do so
we will soon come a great deal nearer
to it than by guessing.
By running over the work book at
the end of the season,, we can easily
get the number of days spent in work
ing each field, and with the price per
man and per horse, can figure the
cost of the crop
leaf Whit tier toilay was marked by
commemorative observances in many
schools and literary societies in many
sections of the country.
MYSTIC WORKERS ELECT
Choose Officers of the Lodge for the
Rock Island lodge. No. 23, Mystic
Workers of the World, last evening
elected the following officers for the
Prefect Joseph Grotegut.
Monitor Mrs. E. Cox.
Secretary Lillian Davis.
Banker Mrs. E. Butler.
Marshal Mrs. M. Beck.
Warden Mrs. F. Green.
Sentinel Mrs. C. O'Noil.
Supervisor, three years Mrs.
Pianist Rose Cramer.
Physicians Drs. E. M. Sala. F
Paul. E. Bradford, Joseph DeSilva and
TRACK SCALE CASE RESUMED
C. H. Wayne Brings Additional
Charges Against Road.
The cases being brought against the
C. R. I. & P. Railway company by
rown in that field. ! Charles H. Wayne of Reynolds for
OENEEN SPENDS THE DAY
IN CARROLL COUNTY
Goes Back and Forth Many Times,
from Family Reunion to Meet
ings and Reception.
Savanna, III.. Dec. 17. Governor Do
neen, who spokv in the opera house
yesterday, arrived in Carroll rounty
Sunday and, accompanied by Mrs. le
neen, spent the day in Mount Carroll,
where a family reunion was held at
the home of his wife's father, J. S.
In the evening the governor and
Mrs. Deneen returned to Savanna and
remained at the home of Dr. H. L.
Malcney, leaving in the morning at !
o'clock for Lanark, where the governor
addressed a large gathering. He then
went to Mount Carroll and spoke in
the afternoon, rt turning to Savanna
at G o'clock, and addressed another
meeting in the opera house. A num
ber were turned away.
Although he had siokcii at two
previous meetings. Governor D-neeu
showed no fatigue. At the conclusion
of the. address a reception followed In
the opera house.
There is certain labor on the farm
which must be charged to the place
as general expense and not per acre
to any crop; for instance, a 49-acre
field of coin may have four sides
fenced; this fence is not for the bene
fit of the corn, but for the purpose of
keeping live stock, and it should be
charged to the live stock. We found
it was more expensive to rake and
Burn stalks than it was to disk the
font of I'roiliK-ine Acre f Corn.
We have found by careful figuring
of every item, the average cost for
three years of growing an acre of corn,
Work with the stalks $ .12
Working the ground CO
Wear and repair 40
Credit to Stalk field ..(iO
Net cost of one acre of corn $4.44
These accounts, kept similarly, will
vary in different section of the state
as the cost of labor varies, the average
being higher in the northern and low
er in the southern part.
Similar figures for a crop of wheat
are as follows: '
Plowing $ .78
Working the ground 94
Seed ...I .8
Drilling : .19
Harvesting ..................... .77
Wear and repair.... .34
Total ; .,.....'$6.3
Credit the stubble field,.......,. .23
Net cost of one acre of wheat. . . .$G.12
Whittier Day Observed Generally.
Boston, Mass., Dec. 17. The 100th
failure on the part of the company to
install track scales at Reynolds were
resumed In Justice G. Albert John
son's court yesterday afternoon, when
judgment was entered against the
company for $100 for D?c. mot;. One
charge will be taken up each day this
week excepting Saturday for additional
days on which the company did not
have scales installed.
PEANUT CHAMPION LOSES
Dr. Allen Finishes Dietary Stunt, Then
Is Downed by Wrestler.
Chicago, Dec. 17. Dr. T. J. Allen,
the Aurora dietary sage who has im
mortalized the peanut by making it
his sole food for two months, finished
his "stunt" before a crowd in his home
town last night. Then he offered to
show the invigorating effects by out
wrestlingany man in the house. "Bull"
Olson of Chicago took the doctor u;.
and tossed him over the ropes into
Will Visit Fleet.
New York. Dec. 17. A Berlin di
patch says the German cruiser Bre-
man, which is stationed in American
waters, has been, ordered to visit the
American ' battleship . fleet in some
South American port as a mark of
Founder of Phi Delta Theta Dead.
Mt. Vernon, Ohio, Dec. 17. Profes
sor John F. Lindley. founder of the
Phi Delta Theta fraternity at the
University of Missouri in 1848, died
of pneumonia today.
New York Cabbies Strike.
New York, Dec. 17. One thousand
cab drivers struck today to enforce a
demand for. increase in wages and
shorter hours. The firms affected
supply cabs for many of the leading
hotels, the patrous. of which were
greatly inconvenienced-by the strike.
GARST OUT FOR GOVERNOR
First to Enter the Field in Republican
Campaign in Iowa.
Des Moines, l)-x. 17. Lieutenant
Governor Warren Garst of Carroll
county has announced his candidacy
for th2 republican nomination for gov
ernor at the primary election to In;
held June 2. 1'JiJS. He is the lirst as
pirant to enter the field, ami repre
sents the progressive or Cummin
Make our store their head
quarters for Holiday purchasing
knowing there's a suitable
Christmas gift to be found here
for father,- mother, brother, sis
ter or friend and our line
Presents complete assortments
Sterling Silver Novelties.
. Silverware for the Table.
Gilt and Brass Clocks. '
Silver Deposit Ware.
Rich Cut Glass.
And articles of personal jewelry
for all. Shop early. r
1702 Second Avenue