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THE ARGUS, TUESDAY, JULY 28. 1908.N
jrliAAiiAAAAAilAli A -- --A -- -- - -
What the Democratic
Party Stands For In 1908
Concise Analysis of Its Declaration
of Principles by James A. Edgerton.
'By JAMES A. edgerton:
THE chief questions on which Present policy of protection. -the
Democratic platform takes n the labor and injunction issue
clearly defined and distinct Is- , the Democrats oppose emphatically
" sue with the Republican decla- anv discrimination against labor in in
ration of principles may be briefly functions, asking for rigid Impartiality.
The removal of the tariff from trust
The physical valuation of railroads
i as a basts for rates.
The ' abolition of labor injunctions
and Jury trial for indirect contempt of
The rights of the states as opposed
s to the encroachment of the federal
i Publicity of campaign contributions.
Economy of government expenses
and curtailment of officeholders.
. Emergency currency Issued by the
government Instead of by the banks
and the Insurance of bank depositors.
The enforcement of the criminal
law against trust officials.
, Curtailment of the power of the
. speaker of the house.
, Opposition to the use by the presi
dent of official patronage to nominate
. Independence of Philippine Islands.
: Popular election of senators.
J An income tax.
! Opposition to Asiatic immigration,
including the Japanese.
1 : There are a few ' minor issues, but
(these indicate the chief lines on which
the present battle of the ballots will
On the surface the two platforms
are much alike, but, more closely ex
amined, the differences are apparent.
sWhile they are not very deep nor fun
damental differences, they are suffi
ciently marked to make one of the
prettiest fights the country has yet
In all candor both platforms are ef
fective documents and as a whole are
the roost radical ever adopted by
either party. The Republican instru
ment perhaps excels in literary form
end the Democratic in boldness of ex
pression and in being a more human
and vital utterance.
The Republicans sidestep several
propositions and pass over others gin
gerly, like walking on eggs, while the
Democrats "talk right out In meet
ing" on them all.
It is noteworthy that the three issues
eubmitted by the friends of Senator
La Follette viz, physical valuation of
railroads, publicity of campaign ex
penditures and popular election 'of sen
atorswhich' were joyously turned
down by a vote of about S to 1 in the
Chicago convention, are all included
in the Denver instrument.
' It Is also worthy of notice that the
Republican injunction plank suited
neither side and called down the criti
cism of both capital and labor, while
the Democratic pronouncement on the
same subject is even more vigorously
denounced by the Wall street patriots.
but has the enthusiastic support of
Samuel Gompers and most of his co
workers in the ranks of organized la
bor. i New Campaign Element.
This is distinctly a new. clement in
a presidential campaign, the American
Federation of Labor never before hav
ing declared openly for any candidate.
It is unquestionably the most impor
tant factor in the fight and has the
politicians of both parties guessing.
More in detail the declarations of the
two parties on the various questions
discussed are as follows:
On the tariff the Democracy favors
immediate revision, placing all trust
products on the free list, also print
paper, pulp, lumber, timber and logs;
material reduction of duties on the
necessaries of life and on all articles
of American manufacture sold more
cheaply abroad than at home a gen
eral reduction all along the line prac
tically to. a revenue basis.
' The Republicans declare for a revl
. sion after the next president is in
augurated. No Indication is given of
the line on which such, revisico will
When you buy a
C of toaster! rom
nrma K en r n
liarwa, uv. ov, -.-w
the full value of your
Buy only -'
; ' (ioc a package)
Ona1rM Aafc rrir a rtiflritr
w-vv, " r-&iars for. the Republican campaiga In
uiade except that Ifwill follow the
and protest against the issuance of in
junctions during strikes that would not
issue were no industrial dispute in
volved. The most important pronouncement
tinder this head is in favor of trial by
Jury in all cases of contempt not In the
presence of the court.
The Republican platform contents it
self with a plank reiterating the pres
ent law and with a general recital of
its labor legislation and a pledge for
more laws in the same line.
Both platforms declare in varying
terms for an employers' liability law
and an eight hour day, and both hint
at child labor legislation. The Demo
crats favor a separate department of
labor, including a bureau of mines,
while the Republicans demand the bu
reau of mines alone.
On the railroad question the De
mocracy declares boldly for physical
valuation which would squeeze water
from stocks, demands that roads '"be
prohibited from owning any business
that brings them into competition with
shippers and favors increasing the
powers of the interstate commerce
commission not only, over railroads,
but over telegraphs and telephones.
The Republicans approve the present
rate law in. a general way, but ask for
an amendment that will permit traffic
agreements, provided they are made
public, are not between competing
lines and are under the control of the
Both platforms approve the prosecu
tion of rebates and discriminations.
Handling the Trusts.
On the question of trusts the Demo
crats declare for the enforcement of
the criminal law against guilty trust
officials, demand a law preventing du
plicate lists of directors on competing
corporations, favor a federal license
system for interstate trusts and pro
pose a law compelling all corporations
to sell on equal terms In all parts of
The Republicans favor greater super
vision and control over Interstate -cor
porations and Increased publicity In
their affairs, speaking a good word for
legitimate associations of business
men. farmers and wage earners
On the financial question the Demo
cratic platform declares for an emer
gency currency issued and controlled
by the federal government and loaned
to national and state banks. More im
portant still, it favors the Insurance of
It attacks the Republican law passed
by the last congress on the ground
that it lays the bank currency of the
country at the mercy of Wall street
The Republicans approve this emer
gency legislation, but give no definite
assurances of further currency laws
other than to indicate that a cominls
sion is at work on the problem.
Both platforms declare for postal
pavings banks, but the Democrats de
nounce the Republican plan as tend
ing to carry all deposits to Wall-street.
Independence For the Philippines.
Regarding the Philippines, the De
mocracy says that imperialism has
been a costly mistake and insists on
the independence of the islands ns
soon as a stable government can be
formed, this government protecting
them against outside aggression until
they are made neutral territory, also
reserving naval and coaling stations.
The Republican platform congratu
lates the country that insurrection is
ended in the Philippines and that
progress is being made toward educa-
tion and home rule. It also favors
free trade with the islands except on
sugar and tobacco. No, policy tor the
future is outlined.
The Democrats demand territorial.
government for Alaska and Porto
Rico and the extension of American
land laws to Hawaii.
The Republicans go no further in
this, direction than to demand citizen
ship for Torto Ricans.
I Both nlnf frtrn-iu fa rnp an lnriojtArt
merchant marine, but the Democrats
l oppose a ship subsidy. The Republic-
nns njpiy mac tney are ror a snip suo-
sidy without stating it directly.
The Democracy advocates the organ
IzatioE of .nil ' national' public health
agencies into a national bureau, which
6hall look after sanitary conditions In
factories,, mines,., tenements, child la
bor and kindred subjects.
The Republicans promise legislation
to further the work ,of the vpublic
health agencies, but say nothing of
uniting them under pne' bureau
There are a number of Issues treat
ed In the : Democratic platform that
are; omitted from that of the Repub
licans entirely. Briefly - stated, these
are as follows:
Publicity of Campaign, contributions
and expenditures is demanded, in the
Denver declaration; reference' is made
to the exposures of contributions to
the Republican fund brought .'out in
the insurance investigation, also to
the charge of E. H. Harriman that at
the solicitation of President Roosevelt
he raised a quarter of a million dol
New York state. The' Democrats
promise t law preventing any corpo
ration frm contributing to political
funds or any individual from contrib
uting above a certain amount . ,
The Republicans by an overwhelm
ing majority refused to adopt the La
Follette publicity plank, but since the
convention adjourned Mr. Taft has
promised that a complete statement of
receipts and expenditures shall be
maue according 10 me rew xji. iw.
-This will be nubllshed after election.
The Democracy insists on the rights
of the states to regulate corporations
aud commerce . within their own bor
ders and opposes the centralization pol
icy of the present administration.
The Republicans naturally say noth
ing on this head.
Economy In Gavernment. :
The Denver platform attacks the
present congress for appropriating
over $1,000,000,000 and creating a def
icit of $90,000,000. It insists on econ
omy in government.
The Chicago platform is silent as to
As one of the items of extravagance
tTfiTchargedr by the Denverntform
that the present administration has
added nearly 24,000 officials in a year
at an annual cost of over $16,000,000.
During the entire Roosevelt adminis
tration nearly 100,000 new offices have
been created, exclusive of commissions,
as against 10,000 under both the Cleve
land and McKlnley regimes. The addi
tional Roosevelt officials cost yearly
$70,000,000 annually as against $6,000.-
000 for those of his two predecessors
This is denounced as an effort to per
petuate power by creating an army of
The Chicago Instrument says nothing
on this subject.
The Democracy charges that Sec
retary Taft's nomination was forced
by the misuse of patronage, a thing
utterly repugnant to free government,
Of course the Republicans have
nothing to say on this head.
The Democrats insist on the protec
tion of American citizens abroad.
whether native born or naturalized.
demands the amendment of all treaties
which would prevent our citizens trav
ellng In any land and has a word to
say for Americans manufacturing un
der foreign patents.
In this form the Republican docu
ment has nothing to say on the sub
The Denver platform demands the
popular election of United States sen
The Republican convention refused
to enforce this plank by an over
The Democratic declaration favors
an income tax and promises a consti
tutional amendment to make this pos
The Republican platform is silent on
this head,- notwithstanding , the fact
that President Roosevelt had recom
mended both an income and an inherit
The Denver Instrument takes a bold
stand against Japanese Immigration
The Chicago platform has nothing to
say specifically as to Japanese imml
The Democrats attack the system
which makes it possible for the
speaker of the house of representatives
to control the legislation of that body
They demand that this popular branch
of the national legislature be placed
again under the control of the people's
representatives. The Republicans are
silent on this subject.
There are a number of policies nreed
by both platfoVms, but in vaTying lan
' Favored by Both Parties.
The conserving of natural resources.
preventing waste of timber, reforest
ing, reclaiming arid lands and the im
provement of waterways and harbors
are urged In both documents.
On the question of grazing of public
lands, which is of great Importance
throughout the west, the Democrats
take sharp issue with the admlnistra
tion. demanding that the control of the
grazing privileges be left to the states
In a general way both platforms fa
vor building up the navy.
Both favor the civil service.
Both speak a good word for a liberal
Both promise separate statehood for
New Mexico and Arizona.
Both have a word to say for the
farmer, the Republicans commending
the work of the agricultural depart
ment In a general way. the Democrats
favoring agricultural and mechanical
schools. Against the Chicago procla
mation for extending free rural deliv
ery and aid for good roads, the Denver
document pledges aid in the building
of post roads.
Both parties urge the speedy com
pletion of the Panama canal.
Both have a good word to say for
peace and arbitration.
The Republicans have two planks to
which the Democrats make no refer
ence, that recounting tire friendship of
the C O. P. to the negro and that
commending the ' holding of a cente
nary of Abraham Lincoln's birth.
.. In a general way It must be said
tnat the . Democratic platform is more
specific, more outspoken and more
radical than-the Republican document
The Chicago instrument, is more rhe
torical and, it must be admitted, more
boastful. A large part of It is given
up tor preamble and conclusion. Its
silence on several of "my policies" is
marked. ..- .t ., . 1
Has '"More Heart Throbs."
The Democrats, on the other hand,
cover the field and handle each issue
in a frank manner. Samuel Gompers
has said that there are more heart
throbs in the Democratic platform.
' ud one suDject: me uenver pro
nouncement is silent, the government
ownership of railroads That, how
ever, is not directly In issue In this
campaign, although .the Republicans
You miss more than you know if you don't use Van Camp's. Please don't
wait longer order a can today. Let your people taste them once. Then
do just as they say about getting the same brand next time.
Here aye the most delicious beans in the world. No
others begin to compare with them.
Beans infinitely better than beans baked at home, be
. ause they are nutty, mealy and whole.
J We are selling millions of cans to neighbors of yours
and to others. The demand is greater, by several times
over, than for any other beans in the world.
Do you still go without them?
You can't afford to do that. Beans are 84 nutri
ment, yet see how many you get for ten cents. What
other food so appetizing, so nutritious is nearly so
Please prove if Van Camp's are as good as we say.
Buy one can today serve them tonight or tomorrow.
Ask your people if they like them better than home
If they don't, that's all. But if they do you've found
a new dish for your menu. A daily dish that can be
served in numerous ways. A delicious dish, always
fresh and savory; always ready to serve when you want
Please don't be content with home-baked beans. See
if our beans are not better.
Here are meals ready-cooked delicious, savory, appetizing meals that
all people like. A dish that is 84 per cent nutriment, prepared in an ideal
way. Think what a dozen cans will mean to you in hot weather.
Don't judge Van Camp's by other brands of beans.
-Please learn by comparison what a difference there is.
AVe buy only the choicest of Michigan beans, and only
the whitest, the plumpest of those. The beans that we
buy are picked over by hand, and all but the best are
discarded. The result is, we pay several times as much
as. other beans would cost.
Our tomatoes are grown close to our kitchens, and rip
ened on the vines. Thus our tomato sauce gives to our
beans that superlative, sparkling zest.
"We could buy tomato sauce for exactly one-fifth what
went out of their way to condpmn it
In the admirably brief Introduction
and closing of the Denver platform
the constant note sounded is that of
the people's government " 'Shall the
people rule?' is the overshadowing Is
sue," It says in one place. In drawing
the contrast between the two parties
it uses this language:
"The Democratic party stands for
democracy: the Republican party has
drawn to itself all that is aristocratic
and plutocratic. The Democratic par
ty is the champion of civil rights and
opportunities to all; the Republican
party Is the party of privilege and pri
vate monopoly. The Democratic party
listens to the voice of the whole peo
ple and gauges progress by the pros
perity, and advancement of the aver
age man; the Republican party Is ft'.b
servient to the comparatively few who
are the beneficiaries of governmental
Taken as a whole, the Democratic
national platform of 1908 is the most
advanced and radical document ever
adopted by a leading party In this
country. Truly the world moves.
LET ALL PULL TOGETHER.
Then Mayb That Prospective Fac
tory Will Come to the Town.
Nothing helps- more- to build op a
town commercially than the locating of
a reputable, up to date manufacturing
concern "in our midst." This sort o(
establishment also helps to build up a
town socially, for it supplies employ
ment and wages to young people whe
otherwise might ; not -Barn, money
enough to take a part in local social af
fairs. Every factory, large or small.
that any town can get adds to the vi
tality of the town and community. In
commenting on a proposition recentlv
received from a ftrnt tbflt wants a two
acre factory site in .Cold Spring. N. Y..
Let Us Cook Limcla
Three Sizes: 10, 15 and 20 cents per can
Packing Company, tstai8d Indianapolis, Ind.
with a guarantee of steady employ
ment for fifty men, the editor of the
Sentinel iu that town makes some re
marks which are applicable to any
other town in the United States.
"There are only two things needed
unity on the part of the citizens of
Cold Spring and a cordial welcome to
the new Industry.
"So long as the citizens of Peeksklll
were divided the village made no prog
ress. When these divisions ended and
a spirit of enterprise, construction and
progress was sltown the recent marked
progress of Teekskill started.
Every city in the country has a
similar history. Industries do not come
unless they are solicited or at leas',
"Cold Spring has missed getting two
or three factories through (lack of a
united spirit on the part of her citi
zens. Why not get -over all these petty
Jealousies aud unite to help each other
and to upbuild the community? We
would all be the gainers from such a
policy, gainers not only In money and in
population, but gainers in good will, in'
hope, in public spirit and, in all that
makes for communal improvement and
for individual good flowing therefrom.
"Is It not high time to get rid of
petty misunderstanding and factional
ism and Join to bring Industries and
new residents to the town? Let the
; "L'nite for the common good."
' ' Hospitals For Trees. .
"The trees of Paris will delight you,
said the traveled man who was seeing
off his friend. "Every boulevard and
avenue has Its two lines of trees. Shel
tered from the hot sun, you walk under
them In a cool green dusk. That hot
and dusty city doesn't easily keep. Its
trees vigorous and fresh. It must have
tree hospitals great nurseries where,
with altedrts of-JioLuJd. parasite, killers
Let your people decide. Ask them, if these beans,
nutty and mealy are better than beans that are mushy
Ask them if these beans all baked alike-are better'
than crisped beans-mixed with beans half baked.
Ask if they like the delicious blend that we get by
baking the tomato sauce into the beans.
Then note the after-effects. . Home-baked beans only
partly digest, because you apply insufficient heat. So
they fermenf and form gas. Van Camp's don't.
Our beans are baked in small parcels; in ovens heated
to 245 degrees. They are baked in live steam, not in dry
heat. They are baked until that fierce heat separates
the particles so the digestive juices can get to them.
The result is our beans are digestible.
Beans are Nature's choicest food when they are rightly
baked. More nutritious than meat oreggs or cheese.
They are both cheap and delicious; all people like
them. They should be a daily dish, not an occasional.
You will eat more beans, and save much on your meat
bills, when you know Van Camp's. : .
we spend to make ours. But it would be made from to
matoes picked green, or of scraps from a canning fac
tory. ' The best beans are cheap enough. They are cheaper J
than poor beans because one eats more of theni.-. They
save on meat bills. t - -;
You don't know how good beans can be until you try
Van Camp's. We have spent 47 years in perfecting this
dish; we have a vast trade at stake on it. '
We have told you about these beans again and again.
We ask von to trv them now. "
and nir sorts of stimufating f rtifiaers.
the run down urban trees are built np
again. Continually In Faris you" see
faded trees being taken up aud fresh
trees being put (lown and fresh and
faded trees alike in those ambulances
which we call transplanters drive con
tinually up and down the sunny
The Fight For Niagara Falls.
The American Civic associatioft la
stCl fighting for the preservation, of
Niagara falls and the natural i sur
roundings, foe. th.e. abolition of .the
When soup and
mv jiuuutu auu iivu
delifihtfull v flavored
C7- J - w v
may rest assured they
were thickened with
Two of America's most famous cooks,
' Janet M. Hill and Alice Cary Waterman,
say, that Kingsford's Oswego Corn Starch
, is invaluable for improving the delicacy
and palatabihty of the hnest dishes. ;
stands first, highest, best; the most
" uniformly excellent corn starch, on f---
. the market. Read what these two V.
cooks say in , - - , : .
: Original Recipes ant Ckiag lelpa
"Sent free on request. -' " . .'
4 , Grocers,, pound packages, 10c.
t. KICCSFCR3 & SCSI. OSWEGS. N.
L MTMML STMICa CMfNMY,
gIant"bIllboard8 that desecrate the land
immediately contiguous and to prevent
signs being painted upon or fastened
to rocks, trees, etc., on every hand. ' In
this noble work they should have the
moral and financial support of every
person who believes In the preserra
tlon of natural beauty.
Burton iMean man. isn't he? .
. Robinson Mean? He's capable, of
going into a barber's shop for a shave
and then getting bis hair cut Just to
keep other people waiting.
aiiu. f-y -I
I Years' : '
1 Suhertnritv II -