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FIFTY-SEVENTH YEAR. NO. 278.
THE ARGUS. MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 7, 1908.
PRICE TWO CENTS.
BRYAN IS CENTER OF GREATEST
LABOR DAY CELEBRATION THAT
HAS EVER BEEN HELD IN CHICAGO
' SHALL THE PEOPLE RULE?"
AN ADROIT TITLED SWINDLER IS
ARRESTED IN ANTWERP FOR
CASHING IN STOLEN COUPONS
Views Great Parade of Hosts
of Union Men and Makes
DINES AT IROQUOIS
Two Important Engagements
For This After
noon. Chicago, Sept. 7. William Jennings
Bryan was today the center of a Labor J
day celebration that outranked similar
celebrations in Chicago for years past.
From the moment of his arrival, ex
cept for an hour that he spent as the.
guest of the Iroquois club at luncheon,
he was in the hands of the labor men
practically all day. His first public
appearance was on the reviewing stand
on the balcony before the national
democratic headquarters at the Audi
torium Annex, where the Labor day
parade with approximately 20,00(1
union men in line passed in review
I.uiM-hrN nt Iroquois t'liib.
Bryan was met at the railway sta
tion by a committee representing the
Injunction Reform league, which organ-1
ization was his host for tne day, and
escorted to the Auditorium. After the
parade he was whisked away to the
Iroquois club luncheon, where he made ,
a brief talk. He then entered an an-
t'omobile which conveyed him to For-j
est park, where he was to address the
WILLIAM JENNINGS BRYAN.
union men at 4 this afternoon on the
subject of the abuse of the injunction
in labor disputes.
This evening he will speak to the
electrical workers at Brand's park.
The Iabor day parade was the great
est event of the sort numerically at
least, since 1892.
Bryan Han Job'n Torment rr.
On the trip from Lincoln last night
Bryan became a victim of boils. When
the candidate stepped from the train
a handkerchief protected the back of
his neck from contact with the coat
collar. Bryan's visit heref marks the
VICTORS IN THE EVENTS OF THE
MIDDLE STATES REGATTA ON POTOMAC
Washington, Sept. 7. The 17th an
nual regatta of the middle states re
gatta association waj held here today
on the Potomac river. The distance
in each event was a mile straightaway.
Association junior singles-S. F. Gor
don, West Philadelphia Boat club,
won; Raymond C. Peck, Yonkers, N.
Y., second. f
' Junior, four oared gigs Pennsyl
vania Barge club, Philadelphia, von;
Manhyunk Boat club, Philadelphia,
Senior singles quarter mile dash
Frederick Fuessel, New York, won;
beginning of a three weeks' speaking
tour through Illinois, Indiana, Ohio,
West Virginia, Maryland, Delaware,
New Jersey, Rhode Island and New
1 ii-niloeil iu cir York.
New York, Sept. 7. A perfect au
tumn day gave labor's hosts the oppor
tunity of a generation today, and they
made the most of it. Forty thousand
strong, they marched from early morn
ing until ir.id-afternoon through the
thronged streets. At the same time
hundreds who had lost fortunes, who
had banded themselves together un
der the banner of the "unemployed,"
were participating in a counter demon
stration. The holiday throughout the
city was practically general.
la KnuHM City.
Kansas City, Sept. 7. The Kansas
City labor temple now being construct
ed was formally dedicated today. The
usual Labor day parade was dispensed
IS NOT CONFIRMED
News of Automobile Disaster in
Switzerland Not Received
Philadelphia, Pa., Sept. 7. Informa
tion that Senator Knox and family
had been injured in an automobile
accident in. Switzerland had not been
received at the Knox residence when
inquiry was made upon receipt of the
dispatch from London. Members of
the family expressed surprise that the
Knoxs' are now in Switzerland as it
was believed they were still in France
The son reported seriou3ly injured is
18 years old.
London, Sept. 7. A news agency
dispatch received here today from Ge
neva' says Senator and Mrs. Philander
C. Knox of Pittsburg wore slightly
hurt and their son ' seriously injured
in a motor accident. While passing
another automobile a tire burst and
the cars collided. That occupied by
Knox was ditched.
Trade Congress Opens.
Nottingham, England, Sept. 7. The
4;id trade union congress opened a
w-ek's session here today under the
presidency of James Shakelton, a
member of parliament. The delegates
numbered 518, representing 17770,000
members in affiliated societies.
Bernard Von Gaza) Prussia, second.
Senior doubles. West Philadelphia
Boat club, won; New York Atheltlc
Intermediate quadruple schuls
New - Rochelle Rowing club, won;
Pennsylvania Barge club, second.
, Junior singles George W. Allison,
Philadelphia, won; Sergeant H. Mar
tin. Philadelphia, second.
Senior four oared shell Vesper
Boat club, Philadelphia won; Arun
dell Boat club,. Baltimore, second.-
Junior eight -oared shells .Poto
mas Boat club, Washington, won;
Arundell Boat club, Baltimore, second.
' x Sm WJ
f ' ' . ' '
"Surely the people sha
rule, no party rules." Jim
STEVENSON DELIVERS ADDRESS TO
BLOOMINGTON ON "THE DAY
Bloomington, 111., Sept. 7. Union
Labor day was celebrated with a huge
picnic this afternoon at which the
principal event was the speech by
Adlal E. Stevenson on the "Day We
Celebrate." The address was devoted
to labor. John A. Sterling, the repub
lican candidate for congress, also
spoke. Mr. Stevenson said:
Mr. President and Fellow Citizens:
I appreciate more fully than words can
express, the invitation so cordially ex
tended me to speak upon this occasion.
My subject is, "The Day We Cele
brate." Labor day one of the grand
days of our calendar, and 1 trust the
time will never come when it will
cease to be duly observed. At this
very hour it is being celebrated by mil
lions of our countrymen throughout
the length and breadth of our land. It
is near akin to the masterful day cele
brated for more than a century as the
birthday of American independence.
Labor day, equally with our Independ
ence day, will be honored by the on
coming generations of our countrymen
long after the vast assemblages of this
hour shall have mingled with the dust.
I am indeed gratified to see in this
audience so many of the men with
whom I have long been connected in
the business of coal mining in this city.
My relations with them have ever been
of the most pleasant and satisfactory
character. Their generous confidence
hag been manifested by many acts of
kindness. For the resolution they have
recently adopted personal to myself I
desire now to tender them my sincere
thanks. I consider It a great privi
lege to be permitted to number them
one and all among my friends.
It is well that, for the time, the cares
and struggles, and so' far as may be,
the anxieties of crowded life, be laid
aside, and out attention given to the
day itself and all that It implies. It
will be a help to us, one and all, to
catch something of the inspiration of
the founders of this day. Its setting
apart marked an epoch in human his
tory. The hour had struck that noted
the beginning of better conditions for
the working man : the lessening of the
hours of daily toil; the lengthening of
the period of recreation and rest; that
made possible larger time for the study
of the exalted duties of citizenship in
this government of the people; aye,
more, it marks the beginning of the
era of longer hours at home, the care
and Instruction of children, and the as
sociations sacred to every hearthstone,
To labor is the common lot of all of
the Rons of men." And he who fails to The writer is believed to be of un
work either with brain or hand Is a sound mind.
11 rule, surely the people have ruled, surely the people do
Sherman, Republican Vice-Presidential candidate, in letter
drone in the human- hive literally a
cumbercr of the earth.
TI;e supreme fiat that "in the sweat
of thy face shalt thou eat bread' was
not for a clay, but intended alike for
all of the generations of men as they
shall come and go. It is an eternal
law that can know no shadow of
Organized labor is a great fact.
Wherever are gathered the forces that
tend to material development, to the
creation of veallh in a word, to hu
man progress organized labor must be
taken fully into the account. In very
truth, it is a potent factor in the affairs
of men. Under just and intelligent con
trol, it is in the highest degree bene
ficial alike loathe employer and to. the
employed. It plays no mean part in
adjusting the relations between the
few whose capital is money and the
many whose capital Is the labor of
their hands. Labor organizations have
their well defined place in the. world
of business of commerce. They are
with us, and to remain.
It is a fact of deep significance and
of profound gratification to thoughtful
men, that the spirit of conciliation is
abroad, and that today, as never be
fore, employe and employer alike, in
the adjustment of differences, are dis
pose! to invoke the aid of just and In
telligent arbitration. Enough and' to
spare we have had of "lockouts" and
"strikes." These, I trust, belong now
to the limbo of the past. The misery
they have entailed is known to all.
Their happy substitute for the settle
ment of disagreements' is the intelli
gent and authoritative conference of
THAT HIS LIFE
IS 111 DANGER
Topeka, Kan., Sept. 7. The State
Journal today prints an unsigned let
ter mailed at Topeka in the latter part
of August addressed to Judge Taft, In
which the writer warns the' republican
presidential nominee of an alleged plot
to assassinate him. The letter, which
was remailed to the chief of police at
Topeka by direction of Taft, was made
i public here today by the latter official.
employers with the responsible repre
sentatives of organized labor.
The tendency of the age is by intel
ligent and impartial arbitration, rather
than by the sword, to adjust the differ
ences that arise between nations. This
illustrates the sublime fact that with
enlightenment hitherto unknown our
world is growing better. The grand
day is not far distant. I trust, when
"nations shall learn war no linger."
Happy would it be for the great human
family of all climes and conditions if
the billions of treasure annually squan
dered in preparation" for war should
find expenditure along the peaceful
pathway t.iat tends to the betterment
of man, to enlarging his comforts, in
a word, to his uplifting. Happy will it
be for the toiler of all lands when the
fearful burden of war taxation shall be
lifted from his shoulders; when mili
tary conquest shall be a closed chap
ter in history, and the expression of
the nations; larger fields 'for endeavor,
better facilities for education, more
abundance of domestic -comforts, and
to each and all of the human family a
greater meed of happiness. In a word,
when war, with all its destructive
agencies and horrors, shall be supplant
ed forever by trade "the calm health
Today we recall with profound sat
isfaction the results of the earnest, in
telligent agitation for better wages
improved conditions along all lines of
the laborers of our country. The voice
of humanity has been potent in our
halls-of legislation. The result has
been the enactment of laws, wise and
just, to the end that every possible
precaution be taken for the preserva
tion of health for the protection of
life. In large measure In mine and in
factory every device' yet. discovered
has been called Into requisition in or
der to safeguard health and human
life. The legislation pertaining to In
spection, and the appointment of effi
cient officers to perform this important
and humane duty, is familiar to all.
The benefits of all this can not be
measured. And the end Is not yet. As
has been said, "The goal of today Is the
starting post for tomorrow." What
ever time and experiences may yet
demonstrate to be safeguards to the
health and life of the laborer, will be
the assured legislation of the future.
I am confident that the coming years
will witness no abridgement of the
right of wage earners and producers
to organize for the protection of wages
and the Improvement of labor condi-
tions; and such organizations can In.
no sense be regarded as illegal com
binations in restraint of trade. Agri
culture and commerce have each re
ceived distinctive national recognition
in late years. It is not too much that
we demand a like recognition of labor,
by the creation of a governmental de
partment whose chief officer shall be
designated "secretary of labor," and a
member of the president's cabinet.
Illinois, during the last two or three
decades, has made marvelous progress
along all lines of material development.
In manufacturing and mining its ad
vancement is without parallel. Impor
tant beyond the power of words to ex
press Is the salient fact that in the
establishment of educational and char
itable institutions it has kept even pace
with its material progress. In the
splendid system of free schools it
knows no superior in the sisterhood of
states. The additional provision for
free text books would add largely to
the present efficiency, and would be to
many families an untold blearing.
Our common school system, supple
mented by the state normal schools
and the magnificent University of Illi
nois, affords to every boy and girl in
the state the opportunity for thorough
education. A large percentage of the
pupils in these institutions are from
homes of sons of toil. The great fact
is thus emphasized that this is indeed
the land of equal .opportunity. In the
struggle of life there is no royal road.
Character, talent, industry are factors
that inexorably make for success. Let
it not be forgotten that in the busy
marts of trade, in the halls of legisla
tion, in the high places of influence
and power are to be found men whose
earliest memories are of the scantily
supplied cottage, and whose fathers
earned their bread by daily toil.
From shop and farm, factory and
mine, from every center of industry
is a never-ending procession of youn;
men of character and lofty aims, mov
ing to the seats of learning, and thence
out into the world to become factors in
great human affairs.
The 17 charitable institutions of the
state for the cure of the ills that afflict
body and mind are of deep concern to
us all. They appeal to that which is
tenderest and l-trt-4ft- ho h-HimHt-feeart
No man can know how soon some lov
ed one from his own hearthstone may
be within their walls for treatment
and for cure. They' are the sacred in
stitutions established by all the people
of Illinois, and their management
should- be upon an absolutely non-par
tisan plane. The statement can not be
too thoroughly emphasized that these
institutions should be absolutely be
yond partisan control. In appointments
to all positions in their management,
whether high or low, the only inquiry
should be as to the character, fitness.
efficiency of the applicant. The skill
ful, humane treatment of the thous
ands of unfortunates in our charitable I
institutions is today ot deeper concern
to every citizen of this great state than
the determination of any pending ques
tion of national policy.
Permit me, as I conclude, to congrat
ulate you upon this auspicious day.
Iet me remind the young men who
hear me that, citizenship in a govern
ment such as ours carries with it. high
responsibility. Study thoroughly in
your leisure hours the history of thl
magnificent state and of the great re
public of which it is a part. Thereby
will you the better be entitled to the
grand appellation of "good citizen," the
unmistakable title of honor in this
government of the people.
Employing Boat, Automobile
and Trolley in Ohio
PAYS VISIT TO FREMONT
Begins Stumping Trip Into Cincinnati
at Soldiers' Home Tomor
row. Middle Bass, SepL. 7. A boat, an
automobile and trolley will be employ
ed today in carrying out the itinerary
of the Taft party in reaching San
dusky by way of Fremont, where a
vlsit will be made to the home of the
late Rutherford B. Hayes. The party
toff hum at 11 nMnni- n tv,' .,.,t
Jessamine for an hour's sail to Port !
Clinton. The lC-mile automobile ride
which is to begin there is so timed as
to bring the party to the Hayes estate
at 1 o'clock. From Fremont the Taft
party will reach Sandusky late today
by trolley. '
Start Stumping Tour Tomorrow.
Tuesday morning at the. soldiers'
home near Sandusky Taft will begin
a series, of speeches which is to be
continued until he reaches Cincinnati
Count de Toulouse Lautree
Taken in by the
SAYS HE IS AMERICAN
Displays Naturalization Papers
Issued in Illinois
Antwerp, Sept. 7. The police today
arrested Count De Toulouse Lautree
on the charge of cashing stolen cou
pons. The couut protested against the
arrest, claiming to be an American cit
izen. He displayed naturalization pa
pers issued in the state of Illinois.
Krrrntly Kelrniol from Sihrria.
Investigation shows he had recently
been released from Siberia after hav
ing been extradited from Bremen and
having also been exiled from Spain.
Lone IttH-ord of Swindle.
Nicholas E. Savine, .also known as
Count Do Toulouse Lautree and
the prince of Savine. has a long rec
ord of adroit swindles in various parts
of Europe. He is also known in the
FIRES STILL RAGE
Towns in Northeastern Minne
sota Menaced by
CITIES AND VILLAGES GONE
Governor , Issues . Proclamation
Relief of the Suf
iti.i: iom: nr fohkst fikks.
Total loss $3,750,000
Counties swept 3
Persons homeless 12,000
Towns destroyed 4
Loss at Chisholm $1,750,000
Dululh, Minn., Sept. 7. Flames are
still menac ing the .towns of Wrensell,
SO miles from Duluth. The town was
bought to be doomed by the flames
night, but the inhabi
tants here succeeded iu fighting them
off up to the present, time. The village
of Holman near Grand Kapids is re
ported to be threatened. The town is
cut off from wire communication.
Form! Firm "hTkrl.
Duluth, Sept. - 7. After destroying
the city of Chisholm, on the Mesaba
Range, and burning over thousands of
acres in St. Ixiuis, Carleton and Itasca
counties iu Minnesota, and the nor
thern portion of Douglas county, Wis
consin, the many forest fires in these
districts were checked today and if
the wind does not spring tip again it
s not imeiy inai iurtncr damage win
The strong wind which had driven
the flames before it in many timbered
and agricultural districts, subsided
this morning and the thousands of
homeless persons were given a chance
to take stock of their belongings and
prepare to replace the many burned
farms and settlements and the once
flourishing city of Chisholm, C3 miles
north of Duluth.
The subsiding of the wind enabled
the inhabitants of P.U..I and Nashwauk
to save those towns. Several buildings
at the edge of Nashwauk were burned,
but by valiant all night work the 1,000
miners and citizens prevented the
flames from sweeping over the village.
The town was surrounded by a wall of
fire and Its escape was remarkable. '
Ituln and Irolalon.
Chisholm presents a scene of ruin
and desolation. Blackened and smok
ing piles of charred wood, little heaps
of gray ashes stirred by the fitful
breeze, scorched gaunt skeletons of
brick and mortar, all canopied with a-
dense pall of smoke, comprise what
I was onft of thi mntit flmisrishin ? pitioa
on the great iron range.
The only remaining buildings are the
new $125,000 high school, the grade
school, the Catholic church, rtie Italian
church and a dozen dwellings in the
southernmost parts of the town, which
were saved by a few heroic fire fighters
who stuck to their posts in the face of
a cyclonic onslaught of flames and
The damage to property is estimated .
at $1,000,000 and the personal property
(Continued on Page Four.)