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FIFTY-EIGHTH YEAR NO. 54.
THE ARGUS. SATURDAY, DECEMBER 19, 1908. -TWELVE PAGES.:
PRICE TWa CENTS.
HOUSE MEMBERS SAY THEY
The stretching out their holiday money as far as possible a 4 'before Christ
mas" stunt most of us do.
ON ITS DOT STATEMENTS
HOPES TO CONVICT TRUST
HAVE CAtiOU m
Insurgents Declare They
Will Split Republi
GET CHANGE IN 'RULES
Propose to Make it Necessary
to Call All Committees
Once a Week.
Washington, Dec. 19. The insur
gents against the present rules of the
house are leaving Washington for their
homes jubilftnt over the progress they
have made in stirring up an insurrec
tion in the republican ranks. They
wlil tell their constitaents that before
the end of the session the rules will
One Chnujte Certain.
. One of the insurgents expressed him
self today as certain that at least one
change will be made in the rules. He
said he believed there would be no op
position to it at the republican caucus.
. , . .. ,, , .
day each week for the call of commit-
tees of bills on the union calendar and '
on the house calendar.
Say It I Enoueb.
Some of the most optimistic claim
this is all that is necessary to get re
lief from the present rules. The call
of the committees would enable the
committee to get before the house all
important bill of various kinds and
would remove the speaker of liability
to the charges of preventing legisla
tion which was demanded by the peo
ple. Both Houneii Adjourned.
Washington. Dec. 19. The senate
adjourned at 12:50 until Jan. 4.
Washington, Dec. 19. The house ad
journed at 12:14 till Jan. 4.
LAST TO SUFFER
Trust Witnesses on Tariff Declare
Lower1 Duties Would Not Af
fect Them Much.
BUT WOE TO INDEPENDENTS
Elbert H. Gary, Chairman of Board of
Directors of Steel Corporation
Heard at Washington.
Washington, D. C, Dec. 19. "If you
protect our competitors you leave us
above protection, and I believe that
the United States Steel corporation
should make public its affairs and sub
mit to government control,'" was the
remarkable, declaration of Elbert H.
Gary, chairman of the board of direc
tors of the United States Steel corpor
ation, at the hearing before the house
ways and means committee yesterday.
"This is radical," he added, "but re
member that I am not speaking for the
steel corporation in saying thi3."
Proved Good Wltnrim.
Mr. Gary, like Charles JA. Schwab,
who appeared before the committee
Tuesday, was an admirable witness.
giving much information and submit
ting to a severe cross examination.
His testimony in substance showed
that the tariff is needed more as a
protection -for the independent steel
manufacturers than for the steel Cor
poration. Like Mr. Scfiwab, Mr. Gary
declared that the reduction of the duty
on certain tteel products would compel
the steel companies to reduce the cost
Corporation Can Care for Itself.
He said that the competitors of the
steel corporation needed protection but
that the corporation could take care of
. "Suppose this committee were to
wipe out the, steel duty entirely, the
United States Steel corporation would
BY COURT'S ACT
Chicago, Dec. '19.- The validity of
' the election which made Mrs. Rose D,
Rittman high chief ranger of the Wo
men's Catholic Order of Foresters was
affirmed' by Judge McEwen in the su
perlor court here today.
still survive?" inquired Representative
Champ Clark of Missouri.
"I cannot say," replied Judge-Gary,
"but I am of the impression that if we
did we would have a monopoly of the
market in this country. I don't think
we could make a reasonable and fair
profit if the tariff were put on that
Packer Dont Need Tariff.
A. R Crion of Armour & company,
the first representative of the larger
meat packers to appear before the com
mittee, als3 was a witness yesterday.
He declared that it would make no dif
ference to the concerns he represents
if the tariff on hides is lower, raised, or
taken off entirely. He said that th
tariff has ac"ded from 90 cents to $1.10
to the value of hides. He asserted
that the farmer received the entire
benefit of this increased value.
Mr. Urion said that the statement
that the packers control the tanning
as well as the packing business is inconsistent.
BANQUET FOR FLEET
AT COLOMBO, CEYLON
Planters Present Americans. With 15,
Pounds of Tea and Pay High
Colombo, Ceylon, Dec. 19. The
chamber of commerce and the Plant
ers' association of Ceylon last night
gave ah official banquet in honor of
the officers of the United States At
lantic battleship fleet.
Colonel Sir .Henry Edward McCal-
lum, the governor of Ceylon,. In a
speech said it had been the good for
tune of Ceylon to accord a warm wel
come to the fleet and that its presence
would be instrumental in the continu
ance of peace . The prosperity of Aus
tralia, Hongkong, and the Straits Set
tlements were due. he said, to the
crown colony government, and Amerl
ca would have adopted this system in
the Philippine islands had its constitu
tion permitted. Governor McCallum
paid a tribute to the exemplary beha
vior of the American, crews ashore.
In the presentation of 15,000 pound3
of tea to the officers and men of the
"fleet, tTie chairman of the Planters' as
sociation expressed his profound ad
miration of the unparalleled achieve
ment of marshaling the American fleet
in a stately procession from sea to
WINS IN MISSOURI
No Law to Prevent Healing of Sick,
Court Decides in Kansas City
Warren sburg, Mo., Dec. 19. There
is no law i Missouri prohibiting the
practice of healing members of the
Christian 'Science church according to
a decision handed down today in the
chuiit court. In the case brought to
test law Mrs. Lena A. Jaccard , and
Theresa M. Kaywood, prominent Chris
tian Science practitioners of Kansas
City, were charged with violating the
laws that make it an offense to prac
tice medicine or surgery or treat the
sick for pay without a license.
TELEPHONE GIRLS GO OUT
Rockford Operators Say They Want
Time to Fix Hair.
Rockgord, 111., Dec. 19. Declaring
that their rands were slapped by an
assistant supervisor if they tried to
arrange their hatr or collars while
working at the switchboards, one-half
of the force of the Ceneral Union tele
phone operators went on strike yester
day. They demanded better treatment
by supervisor operators and double pay
for Sundays and holidays. Manager
Eby says tho charges of hand slapping
are ridiculous, and that the places of
the strikers have been filled.
Indianian a Football Victim.
Laporte, Ind., Dec. 19. Frank Han
num of thl3 city died yesterday at
Seattle, Wash., of injuries received in
a football game. He was 26 years old
Indiana Educator Dead.
Terre Haute, Ind, Dec. - 19. Dr
Thomas Gray, vice president of Rose
Polytechnic Institute, died today after
a long illnesg. . .. -,
Yesterday in Congress
Washington, Dec. 19. Following Is
a summary compiled from the. official
proceedings of the work of both houses
of congress yesterday: .
SENATE The senate was not in ses
sion. ... ...
HOUSE Because of the general ex
odus of members for their homes f or i
the Christmas holidays, the attendance'
was far short of a quorum. Neverthe-!
less. -a gnon aeai or business was vans
passage of war claim bills, some ofl
them giving rise to considerable discus-
aion. ai :n p, m. me nouse su
MUFFLED PLEA FOR LIFE ANSWERED
BY SHOWER OF NIGHT RIDER BULLETS
Colonel Taylor, Companion of Dead Man, Gives Graphic Story of
Murder of Captain Ranken by Tennessee
Union City, Tenn., Dec. 19. In the
triaj. of the night riders for the murder
of Captain Quentin Ranken, Colonel
R, Z. Taylor, his companion, today' re
cited in minute details the story of
the hanging and shooting of Ranken
and his own escape from death at the
hands of the murderous band. The
aged witness made a most profound
impression. He said that while Ran
ken was hanging by a rope to a tree,
the latter made a muffled appeal for
life, which was answered by a fusil
lade of bullets from 'the night riders.
State Makes Progrreim.
Union City, Tenn., Dec. 19. At the
end of the first day's testimony in the
night rider trial the state had made
material progress. It had introduced
testimony covering the murder of Cap
tain Ranken and supporting an identi
fication or two of the prisoners as
members of the masked band.
The prisoners, unkempt, scowling
and silent, paid little attention to the
proceedings. Only once did they be
tray emotion. One witness, sworn into
the band against his will, testified that
the only part of the oath he remember
ed was the paft that provided they
would kill hkn if he revealed any
thing. At this a sardonic grin spread
REPUBLICAN MACHINE IN NORTH
(Special Correspondent of The Argus.?
Greensboro, N. C, Dec. 17. The "re
publican machine" of democratic North
Carolina is worthy of the attention of
the entire nation. It L, a striking il
lustration of "business in politics."
The machine is a business organiza
tion through and through. It does not
really care a continental about high
tariff, low tariff, or any other kind of
tariff. The men at its head spend a
certain amount of money to remain in
power, with the expectation of having
the investment returned with a large
Proiltnble ta Hontlle State.
One ' unskilled in high republican
politics might wonder how a republl
can machine could find it profitable to
be inOusiness In a democratic state.
This.is the answer: Under a nation
al . republican administration the fed
eral patronage tBe privilege of nam
ing the men to fill federal positions
within thestate goes to the state re
publican machine. -
The right to name federal Judges
and marshals, etc., is a valuable right.
For Instance, a railroad traversing the
state a large factor in the republican
machine was able to have Its attorney,
J. C. Pritchard, made a federal judge
for life. When North Carolina passed
a . 2-cent passenger rate law Judge
pritchard promptly Issued ' an injunc-
, . , , , t
tlon restraining the state from enfore-
- : jng
The machine was also able to have
one of Its leaders, James E. Boyd,
made a United States district judge,
over the features of the prisoners.
PoneU'a Story of the Murder.
Ed Powell, husband of the only wo
man witness, yet to be called, was an
important factor in the state's behalf.
Powell was dragged from his bed the
night of the. Ranken murder and forced
to accompany the band to a hotel, from
which Ranken and Taylor were taken.
Powell recognized Frank Fehringer
as the man who opened Ranken's va-
lise, took out and read a letter. He:tere(i Dv robbers this morning, short
identified Garret Johnson as the leader
and Guy Ransom as the man in the
white mask, the only one who wa,s dis
guised. Fehringer has confessed.
When the riders took Ranken and
Taylor to the woods they took Powell
along. He heard them questioning
the two men as to their title to the
land in the Reelfoot district.
Witaen Feared for HI Life.
Near the spot where Ranken was
murdered, they halted Powell until the
murder was done. Then they asked
him If he recognized any of them, and
when he said no, they told him to tell
Ward, the hotel proprietor, to come
down for the bodies of his guests..
Powell was arrested by the soldiers
and testified before the coroner that hp
failed to recognize the riders, but said
yesterday he did so because he feared
for his life. '
another -life position.. . Then when, jur-i
ies in Boyd's court returned verdicts of
guilty against three United States rev
enue agents who had been protecting
illegal distilleries while drawing sal
aries for protecting the government,
Judge Boyd saw to it that not one of
these three members of the machine
that made possible his appointment
either paid a cent in fines or served a
day in Jail. ,
Enough for All.
Then the machine has a lot of post
masterships and other jobs to dis
tribute. There are big rewards Tor the
big politicians and corporations, and
little grafts for the little fellows.
These are some of the reasons why a
republican machine Is profitable even
in a democratic state, and why "the
machine" Bays to decent republicans:
"We don't want you in our ranks.
We'll get the federal appointments as
It. Is, and if you come in there might
not be enough plunder to go around.
Or, you might interfere with the busi
ness methods of the organizations."
How the machine handles a clean
and respectable republican who. tries
to Interfere In Its work is shown by it3
treatment of United States District
Attorney A. E. Holton. When Holton
was appointed 10 years ago he found
the government was being systematic
ally robbed of thousands of dollars In
liquor revenues annually through, the
cooperation of distillers and federal
revenue agents and collectors, ap-
nointees of the machine. - V
Holton had local inspectors search
for evidence that would enable him to
BLOW UP SAFE
Robbers Gain Entrance to Postoffice
and Make Way With Stamps
and Money. ,
TAKE ABOUT $4-00 IN ALL
Explosion It Not Heard and Burglary
Is Not .Discovered Until Mrn
ing No Trace of Men.
Sherrard, III., Dec. 19. (Spe
cial.) The Sherrard postoffice was en-
ly after midnight, and about $400 in
stamps and money secured by blowing
open the safe. The robbers secured
about $200 worth of stamps, but the
amount of cash taken cannot be 'defi
nitely determined until the accounts
have been checked.
The robbers gained entrance to the
building through a rear window, which
they pried open. The safe was blown
to pieces with a heavy charge of ex
plosive, . presumably nitro-glycerine
No one noticed the explosion, which,
in any other than a mining town
would have attracted attention. The
mining company frequently explodes
charges of- dynamite under ground, and
even had the explosion set off by the
safe-blowers been heard, it would not
likely have attracted any attention.
Leave Tool In Haute.
The robbers took everything of value
go into court and break up the con
spiracy. He was baffled by the ma
chine at every turn. The inspectors,
machine men in nearly every instance.
reported they were unable to find any
Seeing that practically every federal
officer in the state was attempting to
make his probe fruitless, Holton finally
induced the internal revenue depart
ment at Washington to detail Secret
Service Agents J. M. Wright and E. P.
Adams to North Carolina for an In
Maay Stllla Not Destroyed. ,
In 1905 these officers developed 70
cases in which machine appointed rev.
enue agents, had reported the destruc
tion of Illicit stills, when in . reality
they had cooperated with the blqck
aders, allowing the stills to remain
in business.' ; -
Twentyeight revenue officers were
indicted at one time, and nearly 50
distillers. . Thousands of dollars of
fines were Imposed on scapegoats.
But the story of the trial of Deputy
Collector Laus E. Davis, a machine
man, before Judge Boyd, the. machine
judge, is worth narrating. .
Davis was chairman of the Wilkes
county board of commissioners when
arrested and convicted. Judge Boyd
sentenced Davis to 12 months In the
penitentiary, and Imposed - a fine of
$1,000: In doing so the court was mov
ed to use scathing language. - He said
there was no doubt Davis was the lead
er of the hand of revenue agents ap-J
(Continued on Page Four.)
in the safe. In their haste to escape
they left behind them their tools, with
which they gained entrance to the
building. Dogs were heard barking ex
citedly about 1:20 this morning, and
possibly their noise was inspired by
the flight of the robbers. No trace of
the men who robbed the office has as
yet been found, although it is assumed
that they made their way to Rock Is
land, using either a handcar or a rail
way velocipede, one of which was main
tained here by the mining company.
Police Make Search.
The robbery was reported to the trl-
city police this morning by Postmaster
E. G. Danielson, and a search was in
stituted for some trace of the men.
No description of the men could be se
cured. The Sherrard office has of late been
in charge of G. W: Bell, under Mr.
TO START A BANK
Henry E. Agar, Indiana Man Whom
Woodmen Traced, Prospered
LIVING A RESPECTABLE LIFE
Says He Had Determined to Begin
Life Over Again and Did Not
Know Insurance Was Collected.
Princetoi, Ind., Dec. 19. Henry E.
Agar, who disappeared Jan. 23, 1907,
and is alleged to be an embezzler and
forger to the extent of $125,000. has
been living a respectable life in Texas
nearly ever since.
When arrested, he, with others, was
preparing o open a bank in San Ben
ito. As A. R. Conners of the real es-
Uate firm if Conners & Purvis, he was
one of San Benito's foremost citizens,
and his arrest was a shock to that
Employer Skeptical of Char re.
He also was secretary of Colonel
Alba Heywood, a prominent business
Colonel .Heywood- refasedto-be-4flatlonal
lieve the charge on which Agar was
arrested and instituted habeas corpus
proceedings to obtain his release.
Agar, however, confessed, and told the
story of his disappearance from In
Agar was thought by everybody here
to have been drowned near Mount Car
mel'lll. He was aboard the steamer
Lafayette cr the night he was last
seen. The evidence that he fell into
the river was so strong that his wife
collected cue insurance policy on the
theory that he was dead.
Determined to Start Life Anew.
Agar told Colonel Heywood that
while standing on the ship that fateful
night, he was accidentally knocked
off, but was picked up by a houseboat
few minutes later. The next morn
ing, realizing he was facing ruin, he
decided to take advantage of the op
portunity ind get away. A short dis
tance farther down he left the house
boat and mrde his way to Louisiana,
determined to start life anew. Under
the name of Ralph A. Conners he got
a job with Colonel Heywood.
He quickly rose in the estimation of
his employer and went with him to
Jennings, Tex., then to San Benito,
where he rlso engaged in business for
himself. He said he was not aware
that his wife had attempted to collect
Mrs. Agar, who up to yesterday
maintained that her husband was deadr
now thinks the man in Texas is Agar,
having received a message from his
lawyer thre. She is holding intact
the insurance money paid her and is
ready to return It. f
SINKS AT NEW YORK
Thirty Members of Crew Are Rescued
By Boats of the Other
New York, Dec. 19. Amid pounding
seas and a heavy mist the Brltlstl
freight steamer Daghestan, outward
bound for Marseilles, was sunk last
night outside the harbor by the tramp
steamer Catalone, owned 07 the Eng
lish and American Shipping company
of London. That no lives were Io3t
was due to the prompt action of Cap:
tain Glover of the Catalone In lowering
lifeboats. His men put out in the
rough seas ana vent to the rescue of
the 30 sailors aboard the stricken ves
seL The Dtghestan after being ram
med settled so rapidly that some of its
crew were compelled to jump into the
sea. ". ' -
; Cuts Off Fingers to End Thefts.
. Cornwall. Ont, Dec 19. W. . Bero,
arrested on a charge of theft yester
day, chopped off his fingers, saying,
1 those "fingers will steal no more."
Attorney General Hadley
Springs Coup on Har
IN ACTION TO OUST IT
Rests Case After Only Compa
ny V Witnesses Have
Jefferson City, Md., Dec. 19. Attor
ney General Hadley announced today
he lias notified attorneys for the In
ternational Harvester company that
the state will present no further testi
mony in the ouster suit which the at
torney general is prosecuting against
the concern on the ground it exists in
violation of the anti-trust laws of Mis
Would Attack Owa Statemeata..
The case for the state wllj ihus rest
upon the evidence of officials of the
defendant company," only, no other
witnesses having been called. by- the
prosecution, if the defendant inter
ests wish to offer testimony it will be
placed in the shameless position of at
tacking the statements of its own offi
cials. . -
Rule Prevailing Heretofore Wilt
Followed, Favored Candidates
- Washington, D. C, Dec. 19. The ap
pointment of clerks and other em
ployes needed for work on the 13th
patronage as in the case ol the taking
of the previous- censuses. Senator
Long, chairman of the committee on
census, today reported the senate and
house bill jroviding for non-competitive
examinations to be held through
out the country by means of the civil
service machinery but based on the
form of examination to be prescribed
by Director North of the census, and
confined to persons designated by sen-
ators and itpresentatives.
IS ALL CHOSEN, '
Cincinnati, Dec. 19. A Times-Star,'
Augusta, Ga., special says: "When.
Philander C. Knox comes to Augusta
to discuss with the president-elect the
makeup of tLe remainder of the new
administration cabinet Taft will askt
him to approve of Myron T. Herrlck,
former governor of Ohio, as secretary
of the treasury. This fact can be
stated as coming from authentic
'When Knox arrives here Taft will
submit to him for his inspection and
approval the following cabinet list: .
Secretary of State Philander C
Knox of Pennsylvania. .
Secretary of the Treasury Myron
T. Herricks of Ohio.
Attorney General George W. Wick-
ersham of New York. .
Secretary of War Charles Magoon.
Secretary of the Navy William'
Loeb of New York or Charles A.
Thompson cf New .York.
Secretary of the Interior1 Richard
A, Ballinger of Seattle, Washlngon
Postmaster General Frank H. Hitch
cock of Massachusetts. '
Secretary of Agriculture James M.
Wilson of Icwa.
Secretary of Commerce and' Labor-
George A. Knight of California.
A COLORADO. LINE
New York, Dec. 19. Leading Inter
ests in the Colorado & Southern Rail
road company announced today - the
sale of the road to the Burlington
Railroad company. -
Life Term for Woman.
; Oakland, . CaL, Dec 19. Mrs. Isa
bella J. Martin,, convicted of conspir
acy In the dynamiting of the borne of
Judge Ogden In this city, was sentenc
ed today to imprisonment' for life.