Newspaper Page Text
FIFTY-EIGHTH YEAH. NO. 58.
THE ARGUS. THURSDAY. DECEMBER 24, 1908.
PRICE TWO CENTS.
EXECUTIVE COUNCIL OF
fl.F.OFL.TO TAKE ACTION
CASTRO IS READY TO STEP
ASIDE TO PROMOTE PEACE
Sjanta Sam Well, it certainly affords me great pleasure to fill that stocking
Meeting Called to
Result Expected to Be to Make
Labor Bond Stronger
Washington, Dec. 24. The whole
question of the sentencing for con
tempt of court of Gompers, Mitchell
and Morrison by Justice Wright yes
terday will be threshed over at a
meeting of the executive council of
the Federation of Labor to be held
here Jan. 11. This meeting will be
notable undoubtedly because of the
vital issues affecting labor involved in
the action of the court.
Kilirctril to Staml Pat.
Resolutions sustaining the attitude
of the leaders of the big organization,
with Its 30,000 odd councils and 2.000.-
000 members, will be submitted for
action, and the policy of the federation
in view of the curt and scathing ar
raignment carried in the decision, will
-C'nnndn Labor Disappointed.
Montreal, Dec. 24. Alphonse Ver-
ville, M. P., president of the Domin
ion of Trades and Labor congress
says Canadian labor Is thoroughly dis
appointed at the outcome of the
Buck's conspiracy case in Washington
"The sentencing of Gompers and asso
ciates to prison for carrying on a boy
cott by publication could not have hap
pened under the laws of Canada," says
Verville. "Not because our laws are
less "stringent than those of the
United States, but because our judi
ciary have wider conception of equity
due to our sense of British fair play.
Seen a Conspiracy.
"American capital has agreed that
Gompers and associates shall suffer
the igominy of imprisonment and will
succeed sooner or later in placing theni
behind the tars, but when thi3 hap
pens it will make a new issue in Amer
ica, which may threaten the peace or
the republic itself.
Will Make Friend.
"The conviction of Gompers will
s create more friends for organized
labor than anything else could possibly
have done. Americans in bulk will not
stand for persecution."
Many Protetita Received.
Washington, Dec. 24. Earnest ap
peals to President Roosevelt to pre
vent the Imprisonment of Samuel Gom
pers, John Mitchell and Frank Morri
son for; the violation of a federal in
junction are being received from union
labor men In all parts of the country,
It looks as if workingmen are more
greatly aroused over the jail sentences
imposed on their chiefs than they have
ever been concerning any other issue
affectinc their interests and their
Nearly every telegram that comes to
the president contains a strong word
of protest and a declaration to the ef-
feet that the judgment of the court Is
a dangerous Invasion of private rights
and an unwarranted attack on the con
constitutional guarantees of free
speech and a free press.
In the court proceedings pressed by
the National Association of Manufac
turers Samuel Gompers, president:
John Mitchell, vice president, and
Frank Morrison, secretary of the
American Federation of Labor, were
sentenced by Justice Daniel Thew
Wright, federal judge In the District
of Columbia. An appeal was taken
and the labor leaders released under
In a Koonevelt Appointee.
Justice Wright is from Ohio, an ap
pointee of President Roosevelt.
The alleged contempt was against
an order of Justice Gould, an associate
on the supreme bench of the district
court, granting a temporary injunction
against the publication by the labor
organization of the name of the Buck
Stove & Range company of St. Louis
in the "We Don't Patronize" list in the
American Federationist, the labor pa
per. Mr. Gompers edits the paper. Mr.
Mitchell is vice president of the Amer
ican Federation of Labor, which sup
ports the publication, and Mr. Morri
son is Its secretary.
Twelve Mont tan for Ciomper.
Under the sentence rendered by Jus
tice Wright Mr. Gompers is to spend
12 months in jail, Mr. Mitchell nine
months and Mr. Morrison six months.
The appeal entered carries the case to
the district court of appeals. From
the decision of this court appeal lies
to the supreme court of the United
States. Before Gompers and his asso
ciates go to jail the supreme court will
pass upon what constitutes contempt
of court when published in bona fide
Justice Wright went outside his case
to condemn the spirit of opposition to
court rulings which is prevalent,
"It is necessary to choose between
the supremacy of the law over the
rabble or its prostration under the
feet of the disordered throng," he says.
Sentenced RIejtro Same Way.
Justice Wright, taking the same
view, sent a -negxo lawyer to.Jaii about
wo years ago because he refused to
answer questions by the court. The
awyer was freed by a decision over
ruling Justice Wright, but the lawyer
spent several months in jail and he
has no redress.
President Roosevelt has been ap
pealed to by the miners' association
of which John Mitchell was for years
the honored head, to avert the blow
on him. Only last spring Mitchell was
the big labor man at the great gather
ings of governors and scientists- called
by the president to consider national
The president Is considering what
step he can take. He believes Mitchell
guilty by construction, it is said. Gom
pers issued the offending publication.
Mitchell did not know of its contents.
Back of it all is the unwillingness of
the president that labor men over the
country should be permitted to think
Gompers and Mitchell martyrs and per
secuted by federal authorities for an
unfortunate political stand. This would
be a greater burden than is desired to
unload upon Mr. Taft, whose hope is
to cut labor organizations free from
Justice Wright's arraignment of the
labor leaders and others who criticise
the decisions of federal courts was se
vere in the extreme. Among other
things he Said
"There is a studied, determined, de
fiant conflict precipitated in the light
of open day between the decrees of a
tribunal ordained by the government
and of the tribunals of another feder
ation grown up in the land.
Call Them pnbllc Kneniles.
"One or the other must succumb, for
those who would unlaw the land are
Yet everywhere, all over, within
brought out at the hearing were:
That 88 councilmen are accused of
taking money from the "big six" for
That there are only six councilmen
in Pittsburg who can't be bought.
That T. Hart Given, president of the
Farmers' Deposit National bank of
Pittsburg, was accused by Council
man Klein . of manipulating some
That William A. Mages, republican
city chairman of Pittsburg and candi
date for the republican nomination for
mayor, was reported by the "gang" as
being J'all right." '
That the so-caller "Doodling" gang is
upporting the wife of former Coun
cilman William A. Martin, who is in
the penitentiary for "boodling," the
gang have shown that Martin refused
110.000 to "squeal" on them.
That on one occasion a bank presi
dent and cashier left $17,500 on a table
in a room with Councilman Klein,
gauge collector, it being understood
that both Klein and the money would
DETACHED SERVICE OFFICERS GREAT
EVIL IN ARMY, SAYS GENERAL BELL
Chief of Staff in Annual Report Charges System With Being
Main Cause of Desertion Holds Present System
or Organization Antiquated.
Washington, Dec. 24. The most ur
gent need of the army of the United
THEY HAD A PRICE
tactically All Members of Pittsburg
' Council Purchasable at
States at present is an adequate rem
edy for the evils resulting from detach
ed service officers, says Major General
J. Franklin "Bell, chief ""of sTaff.in his
annual report made public today,
lilts the System.
He also says the time has arrived
when the United States can no longer
afford to maintain an "inadequate army
for peace needs, nor an army with an
Held Cause of Denei-Hon.
According to Bell, the number of of
ficers on detached service Is 691. The
result is characterized as very disas
trous, and among other things it is
given as the first cause for the large
number of desertions among enlisted
Defendant's Lawyers in Hains Trial
Make Witness Appear to
rhlma-n Til.. Dec 24. There will he
no "white" Christmas for most of the I
country is the prediction i of Professor fte cQurt QUt rampantt inso
uarnou, ueau ui iue .ucai wcamci . la hpra1!(1(1 .nd proclaim-
station, holds good. "There is snow
. ed ; unrefined insult, coarse affront
DEMAND HIS IMPRISONMENT
charge. I should be glad to give you
the facts in the case."
The letter in closing characterized
Annis as a rascal.
Sei-onl Letter Barred.
District Attorney. Darrin offered this
letter in evidence as preliminary to
the testimony of Mr. Ripley concern
ing a second letter from the defend
ant which the witness had destroyed
Justice Crane would not permit Mr
Ripley to testify concerning his recol
lection of the contents of this second
Judge, However, Declines to Act Let
ter introduced Referring to Ha
tred of Annis.
Flushing, N. Y., Dec. 24. A sensa
tional incident punctured the trial of
Thornton P. Hains today when Law
yer Mclntyre, for the defense, asked
the court to commit for perjury Mar
tin . Skura, a cabman, who had taken
the stand as the first witness of the
day. After fckura had given hi3 direct
testimony and when he said that
Thornton Hains had asked him to
drive behind the stage carrying Mrs.
Annis and that one of the brothers
had said: "We've got him now," he
was subjected to a severe cross-examination
by Hains' council.
Refer to Statement.
Mclntyre asked the witness if he
had not signed a statement prepared
by council for the defense, in which he
stated there was no conversations in
the cab and Annis name was never
mentioned. Skura, frightened and con
fused, declared he had made state
ments, but that theywere false. . Mc-
TO HELP C. P. TAFT
Wade E. Ellis, Assistant Attorney Gen
eral, Leaves Washington to Take
Up Ohio Fight.
GENERALLY RATED CHEAP
Startling Allegations Brought Out In
Connection with the Graft Investigation.
Deposed Ruler of Venezu
ela Issues Statement
MORE TO SAY LATER
Rejoicing Over His Downfall
Gomez Sends Agent to
Bogus Paper of National Bank of Bel
gium Sold to the Extent of
DISCOVERED IN NEW YORK
Agents Trying to Dispose of Quantity
There Suspected But Make Their
Columbus, Ohio, Dec. 24. The coming
to Columbus of Wade E. Ellis, former
attorney general of Ohio, now assistant
to the attorney general of the United
States, who will exert his influence for
Charles P. Taft and the open declara
tion of Governor Harris that he favors
a senatorial caucus , added much
strength to the Taft movement today.
along the Atlantic coast from Virginia ' lndignlty mea8ure3 ' the liti-
v j- rv: our n.ii v i it 1 1 1 1 u n 1 1 iii iih ri i m - m v ... i .
l" , ,T . t. ' gants' conception of the tribunals due Intyre moved that the cabman be com-
mountains- sa id the weather Ppos- wherem h,s cauge pendg I f0f jufy
ticator today, but it looks as if the j Are decreea Qf tQ lQok for) Justlce Crane declined' the motion
rest of the country would have to fur- execution to the supremacy of to have Skura placed in the custody of
nish some other kind of sledding for , . . , . . ,
,, mv i lie law, or iuuiuw m me waive ui uu-
Santa Claus. The upper lake region
' has had little real Christmas weather." J
(Continued on Page Two.)
BRYAN IN POLITICS 20 YEARS LONGER
AND WILL TRY TO KEEP PARTY PURE
Philadelphia, Dec. 24. W. J. Bryan
arrived here yesterday to lecture at
the commencement exercises of a local
business college. When asked concern
ing his attitude toward another demo
cratic nomination for the presidency,
Mr. Bryan said:
"All I can say about 1912 is I hope
it will not be necessary for me to run
for office again. I prefer to do my
work as a private citizen.
"When asked whether I would re
fuse in advance ever being a candi
date again, I have said I would not
promise anybody not to be a candidate
for any office.
Show Old III Feeling.
Flushing, N. Y., Dec. 24. Nearihg
the close of its case against Thornton
J. Hains as a principal in the killing
of William FJ. Annis, who was shot
down by Captain Peter C. Hains last
summer, the prosecution yesterday
brought out a letter written by the de
fendant which opens the way for
Thornton Hains' lawyers to bring out
those incidents in Captain Hains' mar
ital career which preceded and brought
about the killing of the publisher. The
letter was written last June by the de-
TENEMENT FIRE IS FATAL
One Killed and Several Injured at
New York, Many Barely Escaping.
New York, Dec. 24. One man was
killed and three others seriously burn
ed, while the lives of many others
were saved only by prompt and heroic
work by the firemen and tenants them
selves in a fire that wrecked a five-
story apartment house at 122 West
Fine Horses Burned.
Lima, Ohio. Dec. 24. Fire last night
destroyed the extensive stables of
Davis & Sons, together with 27s fine
horses. Adjoining buildings were slight
ly damaged.' The total loss will not
"I will add another thin? that I am
still in politics and expect to be for fendant to Julien Ripley, president of
about twenty years, and shall make it 'a publication of which William E. An
convenient to be present whenever and ' nis was manager, and read in part:
wherever, a man or group of men at- "I think I owe it to you to say that
tempt to republicanize the democratic you have got a scoundrel in your em
I hive got Annis on a criminal veterans.
. G. A. R. May Not Go West.
Lima, Ohio, Dec-24. J. Cory Win
ans, chief of staff of the ' National
Grand Army of the Republic, said yes
terday that from all present Indications
the next national encampment of the
Grand Army of the Republic will not be
held at Salt Lake City, but at Cincin
natl or Pittsburg. This is because of
the refusal of the traffic association
which met in Chicago last week to
grant a rate of 1 cent per mile to the
Pittsburg, Pa., Dec. "24. Eighty
eight members of Pittsburg dual coun
cii were classified yesterday as' "easy
to bribe." That leaves six In the se
lect and common council who, accord
Ing to testimony given in Magistrate
Brady's court, can't be "handled" for
money, marbles or chalk. The tw
legislative bodies consist of 94 mem
The opening chapter in Pittsburg';
sensational scandal of corruption was
read yesterday afternoon when seven
councilmen and two former bankers,
after evidence of shocking venality In
the city legislature, were held for
criminal court trial in bonds ranging
from $15,000 to $30,000 each. The ac
cused are the men arrested Monday
night at the instance of the Voters'
Street Car Ticket nought Some.
Of the 88 councilmen listed as ap
proachable, there are varied sorts and
conditions. Some are high priced,
others are medium, others cheap, and
still others so "easy" as to be called
For instance, voters,- it is alleged,
could be obtained from class A for
$100. Class B commanded from $5 to
$40 or $50. Class C "came across" for
$5 or a $10 suit of clothes, while class
D was dismissed with a word of praise
and a book of street car tickets In ex
change for its good work in school.
Ultra sensational evidence was pro
duced, involving secret meetings in
hotels, where detectives, listening
through holes bored in doors, heard
the recital of deals for legislative cor
Contempt for Cheap Oar.
Robert Wilson, superintendent of
the Municipal league of Scranton, who
gathered the evidence that resulted In
the arrests, was the central figure in
the hearing and told a long story in
criminating certain of the aldermen
under arrest. His recital, while show
Ing that large amounts of money had
been passed in bribery, also brought
out the cheapness of some of the trans
actions and the contempt in which
some of the city fathers were held by
the leaders in the grafting operations
Wilson, in that part of his testimony
which related to the dealings of Cap
tain Klein of the "big six" In the
common council, said the captain was
especially contemptuous in his opinion
of the "hoodlum" members.
Don't Kiow Anpnrasna.
"Why," Wilson declares Klein said
those fellows are the easiest yet. , You
can buy 'em for a suit of clothes. They
eat asparagus tips, . but they don'
know what they are."
flashlight picture of a councilman
getting money was In court, but not
placed In evidence, but there were
several pictures placed In evidence
showing the plan of the rooms at the
Fort Pitt hotel where the detectives
listened and looked while deals were
belne made in the next room.
New York, Dec. 24. A wholesale
swindle in spurious foreign notes has
been discovered here. By it, local
bankers declare, spurious 1,000 fran
notes of the National bank of Belgium
have been sold to the extent of $400,
000 to money brokers in New York,
Philadelphia, Baltimore, Boston, New
Orleans, Chicago, Denver, San Fran
cisco ami manr other cities.
7immrrmii 6 rnrihny1j frHy110"""
firm at 9 Wall street, is credited with
discovering the swindle.
Didn't Stop to Argue.
The fraud came to the attention of
Zimmerman & Forshay In two ways.
Swindlers who attempted to sell the
firm 20,000 francs were told on the
spot that the notes looked bogus. Th-?
swindlers didn't stop to argue the
matter, but ran out of the office and
left the bad notes behind. In a day
or so a great quantity of the spurious
paper began to come in, not only from
money brokers in this city, but in all
the other leading cities in this coun
try. The firm took all these notes for
collection, but made it plain that there
was little prospect of realizing any
thing on them. Zimmerman & For
shay have not lost anything by the
fraud, but are in the collection charges
hether the notes are good or not
No Legal Aetloa Taken.
No action has been taken by authori
ties, as Zimmerman & Forshay are
awaiting advices from Brussels before
turning the matter over to . Chief
Flynn of the secret service. While
the banking firm is certain the notes
are bad, they want to have the assur
ance of the Belgian bank by mail or
cable before permitting the bushel
basket full of 1,000 franc notes, which
would be worth $193 apiece if they
were good to be seized by Chief
Berlin, Dec. 24. Cipriano Castro to
day gave the following statement to
the Associated Press:
After taking cognizance of every
thing printed in the newspapers from
Venezuela, I doubt the attitude there
in attributed to the present govern-
ment at Caracas. But I will have
more to say on this subject when I am
in better health and when I have full
knowledge of what has occurred.
In any event, I shall place no diffi
culties in the way of the present ad
ministration of Venezuela in settling
the pending controversies with for
eign governments, even if this should
involve my own withdrawal from ac
tivity in the affairs of the nation."
Castrc will remain for two weelcs
longer in a private sanitarium.
Will Treat with France.
The Hague, Dec. 24. The foreign,
office has been advised that Jose de
Paul, until recently Venezuelan min
ister of foreign affairs, left Laguaira
today for Paris and The Hague on a
special mission from the new Venezu
elan government to open negotiations
for a settlement of existing disputes
between Venezuela and France and
Dolphin on Seeae.
Willemstad, Island of Curacao, Dec.
24. The United States gunboat Dol
phin entered the harbor here this-
Hall Caatro'a Downfall. '
Paris, Dec. 24. The French news
papers hail with satisfaction wnat
they consider the definite downfall of
Castro and commend the energetic at
titude of Holland as an important in
fluence in the collapse of a reign of
violence and insecurity.
More Abont Atresia.
Washington, Dec. 24. A late charge
d'affaires of Venezuela at Washing
ton, whose name is not given in the
department's advices, is among those
who have been imprisoned at Caracas
as a result of the plans of partisans of '
President Castro last Saturday to as
sassinate Vice President Gomez. In
formation to this effect reached the
state department by way of Willem
stad. In addition the governor, pre
sumably of Caracas, and several mem
bers of the cabinet, the dispatch says,
likewise are in prison. t
CHRISTMAS GIFTS IN FIRE
Large Quantity Damaged as Result of
a Rail Collision at Chicago.
Chicago, Dec. 24. Fifty-five mail
pouches containing Christmas gifts
and eleven pouches containing regis
tered letters and parcels it is learned
were destroyed in the fire which con
sumed a mail coach following a col
lision between the Alton and Balti
more and Ohio trains here Tuesday
night. Heaps of wet and burned boxes
twisted and melted pieces of jewelry,
watches, rings, toys, money and other
articles were piled up in the postoffice
while 20 clerks attempted to assort
and find the owner of the property.
Most of the articles were damaged be
yond Use and the addresses in most
cases obliterated.. It was said most
of the destroyed mail was destined for
points in the south, i
Nashville, Tenn., Dec. 24. On an in
dictment from the court of Humphreys
county, six men were brought to the
city last night and placed in jail charg
ed with whitecapplng and ku kluxing.
Besides these six, 14 more men were
arrested yesterday in Humphreys?
county on similar charges. Very little
is known of the alleged crimes of the
men. Their arrest is . surrounded In
STOCK BROKERS SUSPENDED
Two at New York Charged by Ex
change with Irregular Dealings.
New York, Dec. 24. W. H. Martin
and Thomas W. Moorehead. members -of
the firm of Marshall, Spader & com
pany, stock brokers, were suspended
from the stock exchange today for
three years. It was announced the
suspended members are charged with,
"doing business in a manner inconsist
ent with just and equitable principle?
DEPENDENT CHILDREN SUBJECT OF
CONFERENCE CALLED BY PRESIDENT
Washington, Dec. 24. "The best!
care for dependent children is in a
family home," says President Roose
velt in a letter made public today
calling a conference to be held in this
city January next for the discussion of
the problem of caring for dependent
children. With approximately 150.000
Among the more startling figures j youngsters coming within that class!
fication in the United States the Ques
tion has awakened the interest of
many leaders in the cause throughout
the country. , The president sent his
letter to about & hundred prominent
men. The establishment of a bureau
to gather information as to depend
ent children and other subjects will