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FIFTY-EIGHTH YEAR. NO. 73.
THE ARGUS. TUESDAY, JANUARY 12. 1909.
PRICE TWO CENTS,
IEFIANCE OF LAW CHARGE
AGAINST THE PRESIDENT
ILLINOIS SENATE STILL
AFRAID TO MEET THE HOUSE
If the humorists and poets follow Mark Twain's example and get themselves
individually incorporated, the tyrant editor will be tamed.
Senator Foraker Exhausts
Vocabulary in Browns
DETECTIVES THE CAUSE
Ohioan Quotes Statutes and
Terms the Executive's Acts
Washington,' Jan. 12. Without do
bate and without reference to commit
tees the senate passed the resolution
presented by Foraker calling on the
secretary of the treasury for an item
ized statement of the expenditure of
the $3,000,000 appropriated by act of
March, 1899, to be expended at the
direction of the president as an emer
gency fund. This is the fund out of
which Detectives Brown and Baldwin
were paid for their services in the in
vestigation of the Brownsville affair,
and for which expenditure Foraker
today sharply criticised the president
and Secretary Taft.
Klmla Illegally Diverted.
Washington, Jan. 12. Illegal diver
sion of public funds by the president
and William H. Taft while secretary
of war to pay for the investigation by
private detectives into the Brownsville
affair was charged by Senator Joseph
Benson Foraker of Ohio in the senate
today in a speech replying to state
ments of Herbert J. Browne of this
city and William G. Baldwin of Roan
oke, Va., who were employed by the
secretary of war to secure evidence
of the guilt of the negro soldiers of
the 25th' infantry. United States army,
in shooting up Brownsville on the
night of August 13-11, 190ft, The gov
ernment use of the private detectives
the men who did the shooting and
these affidavits denied with great par
ticularity nearly every statement of
importance by the detectives.
Fund la Miaatied. '
Speaking of the $3,000,000 war fund
of 1899 appropriated as an emergency
to meet unforseen contingencies con
stantly arising to be expended at the
discretion of the president, Mr. For
"It will probably be surprising infor
mation to the appropriations commit
tee, as it will be to most senators, that
that appropriation, made 10 years ago
at the close of the Spanish-American
war, to enable the president to meet
emergency army contingencies such a3
were then .arising in connection with
(Continued on Page Four.
HENEY IS LIONIZED
San Francisco Prosecutor Met on Re
turn From East by a Large
FINDS WORK AWAITING HIM
President Calhoun of United Railroads
Placed on Trial for Bribing
San Francisco, Jan. 12. A cheering
crowd of several hundred persons
gathered in the ferry building to greet
Assistant District Attorney Francis J
Heney and wife on their return last
night from an absence of several
weeks in the east. The reception ac
corded the prosecutor was entirely in
Trlnl of (nlhoun Opens.
Patrick Calhoun, president of the
United Railroads and director of sev
eral large corporations, appeared in
Judge La wler's .department of the su
perior court today for the opening ses
sion of his trial on an indictment
charging him with offering a bribe to
Helena, 16. Prospects for warmer
weather are favorable as it is warm
ing up In the Canadian northwest.
llere' the Coldmt Place.
Merrill, Wis., Jan 12. The govern
ment thermometer registered 48 below
zero at 7 this morning. District
schools are closed on account of in
Both Bodies Pass Resolu
tions for Canvass of
SECOND EXPLOSION IN
LICK BRANCH COAL i
WILSON MUST STAY IN
CABINET TILL NOVEMBER
Prfrt Xtmlas. former nu'mher of the
was characterized by Mr. Foraker as ;board of supervisors. IIeuey win have
atrocious, snocKing ana revoiung. charge of the prosecution
onHidrrn Legal I'haaes.
This charge of illegally diverting
$15,000 from the war fund of $3,0oi,00:
appropriated by the deficiency act of
March o, 1899, was made by Mr. For
aker in concluding his remarks which:
consisted of a very careful consider
ation of certain legal phases of the
Brownsville affair and the reading of
a number of affidavits by soldiers
whose testimony and "confessions" Mr.
Browne alleged he had secured to un
ravel the mystery of the identity of
Last Body of 50 Victims of Accident of Dec,
28 Barely Removed When Another
Takes Place-Scores Caught.
LAW IS UPHELD
IN THIRD COURT
Chicago. Jan. 12. The validity of the
Illinois direct primary law was upheld
in the superior court today by Judge
Ball, who also ruled that Frank J.
Loeseh'g appointment as cpecial state's
attorney to prosecute fraud cases is
legal. Two other judges have already
given similar decisions.
Huntington, ' W. Va., Jan. 12. An
explosion is reported to have occurred
today in the Lick Branch coal mines.
From 50 to 100 miners are said to have
The number may be largely increas
ed, as from 280 to 300 miners were at
J work at the time of the explosion. It
lowan's Ambition to Serve the Longest ! had not been ascertained at noon how
Term Receives Jolt by Discovery
of an Old Record.
Washington, Jan. 12. Further in
vestigation of the Question of the
length of service of Secretary Wilson
as a cabinet officer discloses the fact
that it will be necessary for him to
serve until Nov. 29, 1909, in order to
have equalled the record of Albert Gal
latin of Pennsylvania, who was secre
tary in Jefferson's first administra-.
- j - -
II BAT ritKYKVrS ItESCTB.
At 1 this afternocn the rescue party
CHINESE SEIZE TELEGRAPH
Foreign Legations Protest Against Vio
lation of Agreement at Peking.
Peking, Jan. 12. The diplomatic
corps has made a strong collective rep
resentation to the Chinese government
concerning the board of communica
tions having usurped full control of
the Peking telegraph office which the
Chinese government In 1901 agreed
should be under foreign superintendence.
had been unable to enter the mine on
account of the intense heat. It is
thought the mine caught fire. It is
now believed 100 men perished.
J nut Cleared of Hodlc.
Dec. 2S,'last, an explosion occurred
in the Uck Branch minywfi-b, up to
that time had been regarded as a
model mine. On that occasion the
cause was not ascertained. The death
list reached T0. The last body in con
nection with that explosion was
brought to the surface only last Fri
day, after which date the state "mine
inspector declared the mine was again
safe and that work could be resumed
tfoM of Men Americana.
The majorUy of the miners engaged
to resume work at the mine were
Americans, with a few foreigners, and
some colored workers as laborers.
It was stated the mine was examin
ed early today and reported to be per
ZERO FAR SOUTH
Three Below Recorded at Fort Smith,
Ark., and Still Lower Through
Puget Sound District Severely Jarred
by Seismic Shocks Lasting
SOME BUILDINGS DAMAGED
Plaster Thrown Down, But Nobody
Hurt San Juan Islands Suf
Seattle, Wash., Jan. 12. Reports of
a slight earthquake shock came here
yesterday from Vancouver, Victoria,
Sumas, Tacoma, and Bellingham. The
same tremble was felt here at 3:44
o'clock and lasted from 7 to 30 sec
onds . No damage was done, but per
sons rushed from buildings.
Republican State Central Com
mittee Able to Accom
plish but Little.
Springfield, 111., Jan. 12. The two
houses of the general assembly failed
to get together this morning upon the"
wording of a resolution that is to bring
the two bodies together to canvass the
returns of the last election, -and with
things continuing in an unsettled state
both the "house and senate adjourned
until tomorrow morning.
llnve Different Plana.
Each house passed a resolution, but
each provides for a different plan of
procedure. The house resolution pro
vided for a canvass in joint session,
while the senate plan provides that
each body simply attend as witnesses
Bellingham was severely shaken and
buildings in all narts of town were lo tne ministerial act of opening the
jarred, but no damage was done. Hun- returns and declaring the result with
dreds of persons rushed into the street , out convening in joint session,
there. The duration of the shock wasi s11 Qumiion sincerity,
about 10 seconds. Brick buildings If the members of the house organ
were so badly shaken that plaster fell'ization are sincere In their declara-
to the floor.
A distinct shock was felt In Vancou
ver. A telegram from Victoria says
BUT WARM WAVE IS COMING
Snow Falls in Mississippi and Ohio
Valleys, Interfering With Transportation.
Chicago, Jan. 12. Zero temperature
is today traced through Oklahoma, and
4 degrees below the freezing point is
reported at Galveston, Texas. The
wave in the Mississippi and Ohio val
leys is attended by heavy snow, re
tarding railroad service and interrupt
ing telegraphic communication. In the
northwestern states the temperature
lias risen, but is still 20 degrees below
zero from Minnesota over the Dakotas
Some fold Point.
Following are some of the coldest
points, all below zero: Norfolk, Neb.,
15; Fort Smith, Ark., 3; St. Paul, 20;
tion that there is no ulterior plan nn-
der-way to. file or start a governor
ship contest while the two bodies are
that buildings were shaken there to altogether for the purpose of making a
noticeable degree. The shock m the canvass, then the only question left
to be determined is the plan under
which the procedure shall be had.
Committee In Balked.
The republican state central com
mittee adjourned a session that lasted
two hours this morning without taking
definite action of any kind looking to
a settlement of the deadlock. Gover
nor " DeUeen sent' for the committee
and made a statement, the nature of
which has not been made public.
latter place lasted only 10 to 20 sec
onds. No damage is said to have been
AfTerled Sun Jnnn Inland.
Washington, Jan. 12. Reports from
San Juan, islands . state. . yesterday's
earthquake shock was . more severe
there. Buildings were damaged 'to a
considerable extent. No casualties are
Yesterday in Congress
CARMICHAEL'S STORY OF THE KILLING OF BROWNING
AT RATTLE RUN, MICH., INDICATES DISORDERED MIND
GUILLOTINE AGAIN USED IN FRANCE
VHILE PEOPLE YELL THEIR APPROVAL
Uethune, France, Jan. 12. The re- knife. The crowd yelled and said:
sumption of the guillotine for capital
punishment in France, after the lapse
of 10 years, took place yesterday, when
' four members of the notorious coteria
of murderers knOwn as the Pollet band
suffered the death penalty.
The individuals removed from so
ciety were Auguste Pollet, Able Pollet,
Theopliile Deroo and Veromant Canut,
convicted of seven' murders, a dozen
attempted murders, and a score of
night attacks and robberies. They
were especially brutal in the treat
ment of their victims.
This fact was the cause of a parti
cularly strong clamor for capital pun
ishment and a demand that President
Falliercs withhold' his pardoning
The guillotine, in the hand of Chief
Executioner Diebler and his aids, work
ed withdut a hitch. It wa3 erected on
nn open space near the prison, all de
tails being accomplished during " the
r.ight. The soldiers and police were
strict in' maintaining order. "I-
.Deroo wa the first to be led from
the prison, He had to be helped along,
by attendant's..' He was rapjdly placed
: on th plank and his- head Insetted In
the loophole., Down, came the big
Nexa came Canut, who rebelled
against the operation. It was" neces
sary to put him in place by force. Hi3
case lasted 15 seconds. Then the peo
ple howled again with delight, keeping
count as if there might be 50 others, as
in revolutionary days.
Number three was Auguste Pollet.
He came forward with a firm step,
which weakened when he caught sight
of the guillotine..' In a moment hi3
head joined the other two in the re
ceptacle under the knife. The body
rolled into the big basket with those
of his sinster colleagues.
The fourth and last was Abel Pollet.
As if the honors of the climax were
reserved for him the chief of the band
was game to the last. When within
a few feet of the machine the prison
chaplain approached to give benedic
tion. Pollet repulsed him. Pollet de
fied everybody and even fought for hU
It was necessary to hold his body
secure, as he resisted to the last.
Click! went the knife. The morn
ing's work was done. "The little city
of Bethune never saw a more popular
festival. People came from many
mile3 around. Thousands remained up
Burlington, Iowa, Jan. 12. Coroner ( taurant, for which lie paid, also for
Barr held an inquest over the body of the horse feed, he gave me a half dol
Rev. John H. Carmichael at Carthage, J lar and said he wanted me to go across
Hi., last evening, and heard the testi- therc and buy a small hatchet for his
mony of those who had anything to do boy (o play witn , began to teH nim
with the case. Nothing new develop- to go and do his OWIl buying, when he
ed, and the jury, returned a verdict set his eyes upon me with the queer
"that the supposed Carmichael came ost BOrt of a look, something like the
to his death by his own hands and by nf a snake's eye.
exposure to coia. An tne while I felt his influence
Letter to sheriff. tighten its grip on my mind, so I went.
The letter found on Carmichacl's intending to go into the store and out
body addressed to the Sheriff at Port the back way to get the horse and
Huron follows : (rush off for home. When I turned to
"To Mr. Waggenseil, Port Huron, close the door, he stood looking umn
Mich., dated Carthage, 111., Jan. 9, 1909. ' nie through the window, and I just
Honored Sir: I write this letter to bought the hatchet and came out
explain something in connection with again; but by that time ho had disap-
a Columbus creek tragedy. I am '. peared, so I went to the barn, got my
guilty only because I am a coward.
The man had such a hypnotic influ
ence over me that I felt that something
must be done. I felt greatly ashamed
that a man said to be short-minded
should be able to compel me to yield
to his will, so I said nothing about it.
"At' first he said: 'It's all right, eld
er, don't be afraid.' Then he began to
talk about how we two could get rich.
Three times he came to the rear of
my barn and talked to me. Twice he
was at the river when I went to water
ray stock, and each time I felt he was
doing something he was proud of.
Forced to Go to Port Huron.
."Once when I was going out to Co
lumbus he was on the pike, near the
pink schoolhouse, when) I overtook
him. - He asked me to ride, which I
could not refuse. He asked me if I
had ever driven the' pike to Port
Huron, to which I answered no. Then
he said: 'Come on, let's drive up to
Port Huron,' which I resented, but he
kept on until he persuaded me to go.
"He got out and stood at the corner
while I went to the barn with the rig.
Then after we had been at the res
rig, and started for home, when I
made the turn into Military street he
was at the corner to get in.
"He rode as far as South park,
where he got out to take the car, and
he took the hatchet with him ond said
nothing, nor did I think anything at
the time about the change.
Frit an Sinnll an liantnm.
"When at the depot at Adair he
came out of the house in his shirt
sleeves and exercised me by compell
ing me to walk the rails. All the while
I felt as small as a bantam chicken.
When he arranged with me about the
wedding, he said he would go to Port
Huron and get the license and meet
me on the road between that place
and the church.
- "I thought that he really meant to
get married when he engaged my serv
ices, but when we met in the road and
he was alone I began to feel uneasy,
but he said It was ell right, the others
would come In a carriage. When we
went Into the church I wanted to light
a lamp, to which he dissented, Baying:
'No, elder, no light unless tb'ey should
come.' But, presently, he said maybe
we better have a little fire. So I went
out and passed wood to him through
"When I had put in what I thought
would be enough, he said: 'Now, elder,
the moon is shining right on the front
door, and if you go around there to
come in some one may see you. Just
pile up some wood here and come in
at. this window.' I brought a few
sticks and laid them across each oth
er, from the top of which he helped
me into the building. He let the win
dow nearly down again and we kept
looking out through the opening to see
if the others came down the state
road. ' .
Will lie No Wedding.
"Presently he took a big hearty
laugh and said: 'There ain't no use
looking, for there ain't going to be no
wedding.' He was sitting where a
gleam of light shone on his face and
his eyes were so brilliant that I was
thrilled through and through. Queer
est sort of feeling. I asked him why,
then, he had made the present ar
rangement, when he said:
'Well, elder, I just wanted to have
a little fun. .You consider yourself an
educated man and look down on a
poor ignorant fellow like me, and I
just ' thought I would show you. I
knowed if I could handle you I could
handle other men arid make a- big
thing out of it. Now, if I say, raise
your hand, up she goes. Sc;, that is
no dream,' and I felt my hand raising
without any effort whatever on my
How the Murdrr Was Done.
"Then he said: ' 'If I say let down
your hand,rdown it goes, and I felt it
going down i a singular manner. By
this time I was so alarmed that I was
in a cold sweat. I then leaned over to
see if any one might be on the road,
Washington, Jan. 12. Following is :i
summary, compiled from the official
proceedings, of the work of both
houses of congress yesterday:
SKXVTK Senator Tillman was the
central tigurc, occupying almost an
hour with his carefully prepared speech
in reply to the president's charges con
cerning his action in attempting to ac
quire by purchase some timber lands
of Oregon originally held as a railroad
grant, while advocating litigation by
the department of justice to compel
their sale . The senate passed a bill appropriating-
J90.000 for the purchase of
the sequoia grove of big trees In Cali
fornia. A recommendation by the com
mittee on finance and the committee
on the judiciary favoring an increase
of the salary of the president to $100.-
ooo ana those or the vice president and
speaker of the house of representatives
was referred to the committee on ap
propriatimis. Adjourned at 2:05.
HOl'SK - After a stormy discussion
the resolution authorizing the granting
of permits to the committee on inaug
ural ceremonies and tho use of the pen
sion office building for the inaugural ball
was compelled to go over for two weeks
before Una action. As it stands the
section relating to the pension building
was stricken out and a further amend
ment was made, refusing permission to
extend overhead wires into the struc
ture. It. was manifest from the outset
that a majority of those present was
opposed to the pension ofhee proposi
tion. Viimus other measures were con
sidered and passed, all relating exclu
sively to the District of Columbia.
Speaker Cannon announced the commit
tee of live which will conduct the in
vestigation into the secret service, pro
vided for by the resolutions of Satur
day. Adjourned at 6 p. m.
STRICT WITH THE
Governor Garst in Taking Seat in
lowa Also Favors More Power
to Rail Commission.
Des Moines, Jan. 12. In his mes
sage to the legislature today Governor
Garst urges more effective regulation
of the liquor traffic, recommends an
expansion of the power of the railroad
commission, giving them authority ov
er telegraph and telephone lines, urges
a reorganization of the state highway
commission to deal more broadly with
highway construction, waterways and
forestry, and the conservation of all
natural resources, and suggests that
congress be memorialized to permit
the assessment and taxation of na
tional banks the same as state and
savings banks in the state of their location.
Dorando Wins Race.
St. Louis, Jan. 12. Dorando Pietrl,
the Italian Marathon runner, won his
match race with Percy Smallwood, the
British long distance man, here last
night. Smallwood gave the Italian no
fight, and before the event was half
over, quit, stepping off the track In
the 13th mile, while Dorando kept on.
TENDER OF MONEY
Payment of 2,500,000 Pounds for
Provinces Annexed to Austria -Ends
Constantinople, Jan. 12. The Turk
ish government accepts the Austro
Hungarian offer of 2,500,000 Turkish
($i0,800,(00) as indemnity for the an
nexation of Bosnia and Herzegovina,
thus removing every possibility of a
JAPANESE NEWSPAPERS COMMENT.
ON UNFRIENDLY ACTS IN CALIFORNIA
(Continued on Page Five.)
Tokio, Jan. 12. Japanese newspa
pers here today elaborate upon the
strained relations that may arise
through the passage of bills and the
enactment of laws forbidding" the
ownership of land and the attendance
of public schools by Japanese residents
of California. A majority of the pafcrs
assume the passage of bills before fne
California legislature as a probability
and protest against them as an In
justice to the Japanese now living in
The Asahi, the Jiji, and- the Nichl
Mcht express surprise at what is term
ed an evidence of unfriendliness after
the sincere effort on "Japan's part to
prove its friendship toward the people
of the United- States. . ; ,
. The extreme opposition papers as
sail - the Japanese government "for
falling into the arms of a nation which
at the first opportunity not only shows
its unfriendly spirit, but even denies
equal opportunity to the Japanese."
Newspapers published in English,
representing British and German inter
ests are making much of the California "
legislature's, action and are pointing
out that America, while recently en
deavoring to create an Impression of
friendliness toward Japan in reality
wag unfriendly. ;
The situation is seriously embarrass
ing to Americans fTesiding in Japan,
and especially so as the incident fol
lows so closely the creation of an ex
cellent feeling through the visit of the
Atlantic fleet, the American commis
sion to the Japanese exposition, and
the excursion of business men from
the cities of the Pacific coast.