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ROOK SIXTIETH YEAR. NO. 8. WEDNESDAY OCTOBER 26, 1910. TEN PAGES. PRICE TWO CENTS. THE BETTER PAY THAN FARM OWWERGETS Railroad Magnate Reaps an Adequate Return on Cash. EVIDENCE IS GIVEN H. C. Wallace Tells Commerce Commission Tiller of Soil Loses Money. Chicago, Oct. 26. That the railroads Bt a better return on their Investment than the farmer was the position taken at the rate hearing today -when the shippers put H. C. Wallace of Des Moines on the stand a3 their first wit ness. Mr. Wallace Is a farmer, an edi tor, and president of the National Con servation congress. Makes Detailed Statement. Wallace entered into a detailed state ment of the value of crops and land, and the cost of farm labor In 1007-OS-09. From his statistics he showed the average renter of a farm lost about $300 per year, and that it is only by rtenvinc titm-slf nil linriiripc tho farmer has been able to make a fair living. I Galesburg, 111.. Oct. 26.-The 1111 Tho annarpnt inaa shvtvn ) nvormmo ! nois state conference of charities and by the farmer getting work done by i his children, he said. Way They Get Anton. Wallace, responding to an Inquiry by Commissioner Lane, said he did not know how many Iowa farmers owned automobiles, but there were probably many, and it did indicate prosperity. The farmer, who with his children, does the farm work, is tht one whej can buy automobiles. I sim; l"p thf Fertility. Discussing the impoverishment of soil, Wallace said that the fertility loss of a 160-acre farm is $467 a year. "Grain raised and sold in Iowa is actu ally selling the state piecemeal, and this cannot continue Indefinitely," said the witness. "The land will be ex-J hausred in time, just as a coal vein is exhausted." The exodus of the young j men from the farms was partly due to i their desire to secure cheap land in j other sections of the country, Wallace said. SMALLER CITIES GROW THE FASTER Census Rurrau Compiling Statistics Seven States Increase 14.0 Per Cent. Washington, D. C, Oct. 2G. In ad 31tion to the cities, the census reca pitulation bulletin just issued gives the names of states for which the cen sus returns have been published up to Oct 20. They are Rhode Island. Mich igan, Missouri, Xew Mexico, Delaware, Vermont and Massachusetts. The ag gregate population for these seven states was 10,S98,272, an increase of 14.9 per cent, as against an increase of 18.4 per cent during the decade of 1890 to 1900. Forty-three cities of more than 100,000 population and 159 cities of be tween 25,000 and 100,000 are given. Commenting upon the facts present ed the bulletin says: "With the date for both groups of cities approaching completeness it is noticeable that the smaller cities, as a group, seem to have maintained, during the decade of 1900 to 1910, a rate of growth considerably above that maintained by the larger cities, the rate for the aggregate population of the smaller cities being ;9.3 per cent and that for the larger 30.1." EDITORS DEMAND NEW LAW Illinois Association Wants Penalty for Givers of Faise "Tips." Decatur, III., Oct. 26. The Illinois Daily Newspaper association at its annual meeting adopted resolutions in structing a committee to draw up a law penalizing severely the malicious giving of false news reports for pub lication. ASSISTANT TO WICKERSHAfn IS JOB FOR NEGRO Washington. Oct. 26. President Taft, t was stated today, has decided to ap point a colored man to the highest of fice in an executive branch of the gov ernment ever held by a member of i hat race. William H. Lewis, at pres ent an assistant district attorney at Boston, wilJ be made assistant attorney general of the United States. THE WEATHER Rain tonight or Thursday; cooler. Temperature at 7 a. m., 50. Maxi mum In 24 hours, BS; minimum in 12 hours, 44. Precipitation in 24 hours, none. Wind velocity at 7 a. m., 10 miles. Relative humidity, last even ing 46, this morning 47. RIVER BULLETIN. St. Paul 8 .1 Red Wing .3 .0 Reed's Landing .4 .0 La Crosse 7 .0 Prairie du Chien 9 .0 Dubuque 1.1 .0 Le Claire 4 .0 Davenport 1.0 .0 Nearly stationary stages will con tinue in the Mississippi river from be low Dubuque to Muscatine. J. M. SIIERIER, Local Forecaster. ASTRONOMICAL EVENTS. (From noon today to noon tomorrow.) Sun sets 5, rises 6:21: moon rises 12:39 a. m.; 4 a. m.. opposition of Saturn with the sun, being ISO degrees there from, either direction; 7 a. m., planets Mercury and Mars passing. FOR MERIT SYSTEM Illinois Charities Conference Declares in Favor of Civil Service Law. COMMEND PROGRESS MADE Broadening of System by the Next legislature Demanded Offi cers Are Klected. corrections yesterday unanimously went on record for the extension of civil service and the establishment of several additional institutions. The civil service recommendation as contained in the report of the ; committee on resolutions declares ' the spoils system still exists in a j larse part ot trie state ana mat appu cation of the merit system to the charities service of the state has Kiven new proof of the worth of the system. It is recommended that the next genera! assembly pass a comprehen sive civil service law applicable to all administrative branches of the state government, including penal and re formatory institutions. to this end the voters of Ulinofs aro advised to vote "yes" on this proposition at the November election, Sc(. improvement to nemt. The resolutions recognize the new f.h,irities svstem of Illinois as a dis- tinct improvement, and assert thelaw should be given a full and unham pered trial. The doing away with politics in the two central boards and the making the terms of members dependent on good behavior are rec ommended. The governor, responsible school boards, and general assembly are urged to adopt the program mapped out by the state board, placing two penitentiaries and the reformatory under the control of the administra tive board. The recommendations Include ex tension of the merit and efficiency system to all employes of charitable, penal and correctional institutions, the enactment of an adult probation law. an increase in the number of parole agents, and the transfer of the Cook county hospital for the insane to the state. The creation of a new hospital and the establishment of a true psycho pathic hospital in Chicago are advo cated. Fur nonrd of Gtiarriinna. The enactment of a law establish ing a state board of children's guar dians is advanced and the tax com mission is urged to report construc tive and progressive proposals for legislation adapted to increase the revenues of the state and to promote the ends of justice and honesty. Sherman C. Kingsley of Chicago was elected president of the confer ence; Mrs. R. McAuley of Normal, first vice president: W. E. Simonds of Galesburg, second vice president, and A. L. Bowan of Springfield, sec retary. SHERMAN SNUBS MR. TAFT? Vice President Visits Capitol, but Iocs Not Call on the Chief. Washington, L. C, Oct. 26. The tongues or political gossips are wag ging with comment on what is regard ed as the remarkable behavior of Vice President Sherman in Washington yes terday. "Sunny Jim" spent several hours in the capitol, but went away without calling on President Taft. The politicians are wondering wheth er iMr. Taft's letter repudiating the vice president's actions in the Xew York convention imbroglio could have had anything to do with the latter's disregard of the official proprieties. WILLIE ANDERSON, GOLFER, IS DEAD Philadelphia, Oct. 26. It became known today that Willie Anderson, pro fessional golfer and one of the most widely known experts of the game. died here yesterday of hardening of Ujc arteries. SEVENTY ON GUNBOAT DIE Explosion on Haytien War ship Kills Ten Generals. DEPLETES THE SUPPLY Craft Sent to the Bottom and Only 20 of Those on Board Survive. Port au Prince, Ilaytl, Oct. 26. The Haytien gunboat Liberte has been lost at sea off Port de Pais, following an explosion on board. It is estimated 70 persona were either killed or drowned. An election takes place In Cuba Twenty others were rescued. News of the accident was reelved here today. The Liberte sailed from this port Monday last, having on board 90 persons. So far as is known only 20 of these escaped. Army Hard lilt. Among the TO lost were 10 Haytien generals, who were on the way to take command of troops in the department of the north. Details are lacking, the only defi nite information being as to loss of life and the fact that an explosion had occurred. TAFT USES CABINET OFFICERS IN OHIO Decides to Send Knox and MacVoagli to Try to "Save" the State. Washington, Oct. 26. President Taft has decided to send two members of his cabinet to Ohio to take part in the last week of the campaign for the re publican ticket. Secretary Knox will speak at Cincinnati Nov. 1 and at Co lumbus Nov. 2. Secretary MacVeagh will make several speeches, but the dates and places have not been fixed. Deaths End Football Play. Chicago, Oct. 26. As a result of two recent deaths from accidents in foot ball game3, the sport was prohibited at the high school of East Chicago, Ind.. yesterday, by Superintendent E. X. Canine. It is reported that Super intendent C. F. McDaniel, Hammond, Ind., is considering the same action. Rockford Again Has Saloons. Rockford, 111., Oct. 26. The city council has renewed 50 saloon permits. Alderman Emmett Wilson has refused to sign the license committee's report because, he says, he believes there is a hell. French Aviator Killed. Paris, Oct. 26. X. Blanchard, the aviator, fell from the height of 100 feet and was killed today. Blanchard was attempting to descend after a successful flight from Bourges. Crippen Will Appeal. London, Oct. 26. Counsel for Dr S cysi mf Csinn ha$. decided to aan&al tLe casajjurtam ynuxt, aSirjucd t conviction. DIRIGIBLE FLIES ACROSS CHANNEL British War Balloon Makes Re markable Trip From the French Coast . AIDERSH0T IS DESTINATION Xew Altitude Record for America Set at Aviation Meet Being Held at Xew York- Brighton, England, Oct. 26. The British military dirigible, Morning Post, crossed the English channel from France successfully today, and passed over Brighton at 2:15 enroute for Al dershot. It left Moisson, France, at 10:15. Reaches Alderahot. Aldershot, England, Oct. 26. The airship Morning Post arrived here safely today after a flight across the English channel from Moisson, France. Time, 5 Hours, 13 Minutes. The military dirigible arrived here at 3:30, having accomplished the trip CAMPAIGN TIMES IN on Nov. 1. The campaign has been from Moisson in 5 hours, 15 minutes.. The airship circled above the military camp some time before landing. Johnstone Tlest Orexel. New York, Oct. 26. The American altitude record that J. Armstrong Drexel so proudly brought down out of the clouds Monday afternoon in his Blerlot monoplane was snatched from his grasp yesterday by Ralph Johns-tone in a headless Wright climber. Drexel reached 7,105 feet, but John stone topped him by 10$ feet with a new mark of 7.-"iG feet. He came down chilled to the bone and his goggles rimmed with frost. For half an hour he had battled with a snow storm above the clouds, seek ing still higher levels. The undemon strative Wilbur Wright danced with joy when he glanced at the barograph. "It's better than 2,0o meters," ho cried, and began to prance again. He knew then that the fourth day of the, international aviation meet at Relmont park. Long Island, had brought him his share of honors. KrlKl'n Crowd. Hubert Latham , in an Antoinette monoplane, frightened the crowd when he began to do aerial flipftaps under the edge of a nasty looking storm cloud, half a mile up in the air. He righted and then shot to earth in one steep, rushing swoop. The edges of a tree brushed his descent and punct ured one of his wing surfaces, but he landed with only minor injuries to hi machine and none to himself. A. P. HEINZE IS LOCKED IN CELL Xew York, Oct. 26. Within half an hour after Arthur P. Heinze, convicted of obstructing the administration of Justice, surrendered to United States Marshal Henkel today he was In the Tombs prison, ready to serve a 10 days' sentence. Heinze was convict ed Oct. 26, 1909, of assisting Tracy Buckingham, a witness wanted by the federal grand jury, to go to Canada. He was sentenced to 10 days in prison and fined $250. He appealed aud a few davs ago the L'nited States su- DEFENDANTS IN AJDENIAL Pemberton and Clark De clare They Did Not Re ceive Bribe. NEVER ASKED FOR ONE Court Refuses to Instruct For Them on Technical Grounds Advanced . Springfield, 111.. Oct. 26. Senator Pemberton and Representative Clark, on trial for conspiracy in connection with the awarding of a furniture con tract, were on the stand this morning and denied any part in any agreement CUBA a very warm one. Xews Item. to vote on the c'n" to ask any one for money' tion for their votes. Dcfep.N, Springfield, 111 , t ... .. -Judge Ow en P. Thompson last night overruled the motion to take from the jury the cases against Senator Pemberton and Representative Clark, charged with conspiracy to commit bribery. The decision of the court came after argu- i ments lasting three hours. In deny ing the motion the court said that few criminal cases are taken from juries and that the question of guilt or inno cence of the defendants will be left to the jury to decide. When the state had rested its case In the afternoon attorneys for the de fendants entered a motion to take the j case from the jury, and arguments, which lasted three hours, were made by them. The motion was opposed by State's Attorney Burke, who held that the charge was conspiracy to bribe and not a plain case of bribery, as con tended by the defense. Claimed I. nek of Power. Attorneys for Pemberton and Clark said that 'r-hey. as members of the com- .mco.w.. tw jiu.vuaoc lumiiuru ior me i u! u-jiifsruiaun-s, nau no pow-; er 10 purcnase, ana ror this reason could not' be held on a charge of brib ery. State Senator D. W. Holstlaw, J. w. avaiwa, duilo aguui I iH A t. 1 it y ilt?feK i company or Chicago, and Otto M Freier, sales agent for the Ford & Johnson company of Chicago, which firm was awarded the contract at the highest bid, told of the efforts of State Senator Stanton C. Pemberton and ncV.nru..i..e uat-pu B. -iarK 10 gei pecuniary reward for their vote on the . 4nW.. T 1- (- . -1 1 1 . . iurauu" "l aiuniK uie cuniraci ior state iurniture. rreier said he con-; versed with Pemberton, Clark and ! Holstlaw about the contract He said ' at one time Clark told him he would ! have to have $1,000 for his vote and that Holstlaw at first demanded $5,000, but later agreed to accept $1,500. Croaa Examined Onn Wltneaa. Mr. Burke, learning that Attorney Andrews had been to see Holstlaw in regard to what he wouSi. testify to in the case, asked that Holstlaw be made a court witness in order that he might be cross examined by the prosecution. The court granted liberty in asking questions of the witness, but declined to make Liiu a court witness. E IS PUZZLE Police Unable to Throw Light on Murder of Mrs. Hackney at Cincinnati. BODY FEARFULLY CUT UP Husband of Victim, Boarder at Home, and Xegro Milk Driver, Held as Suspects. Cincinnati, Ohio. Oct. 26. With three suspects under arrest, the police today continued the investigation of the murder of Mrs. Mary Hackney, whose mutilated body was found in her home In Cumminsville last night. The men under arrest are Harley Hackney, the woman's husband; Charles Eckert, who boarded with the Hackneys, and Herman Schwering, a negro driver of a milk wagon. Find the Body. Hackney and Eckert found the body on return from work and adhere to the first story that they did not commit the crime and can throw no light on the mystery. Schwering also declares he had nothing to do with the murder. Fifth Crime of the Kind. This Is the fifth murder of young wo men in that section of the city In the last six years. Like the other victims, the body of Mrs. Hackney was fright fully mutilated. OIX RAPS STIMSON Democratic Candidate for Gov ernor of New York Regrets Personalities. BLAMES T. R. FOR THEM Jimmy Garfield Splits Ohio Republi cans Wide Open with Attack on Dick and Foraker. Buffalo, X. Y., Oct. 26. John A. Dix, democratic candidate for governor, in the course of a speech last night, said: "It Is a source of regret to observe that my opponent has seen fit to make this largely a campaign of personali ties Instead of a temperate and rea soned discussion of the issues before the people, and among other things has chosen to refer to me as a 'reck less liar' and 'anupstart.' "lie has called me a 'reckless liar because I have characterized his nom inator (Colonel Roosevelt) in lan guage which I shall neither qualify nor withdraw, and complete justifica tion for the use of which has been, I submit to the voters of the state, fur nished by the recent activities and past performances of the man who has. clone more to desiroy business confi dence and unsettle values than any man who has ever appeared In the public life of our country." ;itrfl-lri'N ltnck on I'nnkfr. Cleveland. Ohio, Oct. 26 James R. Garfield, former cabinet officer under Roosevelt, startled a large crowd of republicans in Ravenna and at Kent yesterday by a most bitter attack on Joseph B. ForaVer. former senator, who at Marysville Saturday cal'ed the progressives traitors and denounced Roosevelt. Garfield, not content with scoring ! Foraker, whom, he declared, was not a ' republican but a disciple of the cor- r orations, urged republicans to do all in their power to defeat Senator Charles F. Dick, whom he termed an unfit man for the place he holds in j congress. Garfield told the state committee that either Forpkcr would be muzzled or he, Garfield, would make no more speeches during the campaign. u in i iiu in i inLinii CATASTROPHE GROW Known Dead Xiiw Near 00 King on Ground Helprng in Relief Work. Vnntes Off "fl The Itinnn dritho in tho recont disasters are now 189. Thousands of persons are homeless. , King Victor Knimanuel arrived here ' j today and is busy sympathizing with j I the afflicted and directing the work of! ! relief. MAIL MAN BREAKS RECORD; . . ,, A , : Rural Carrier overs Route in Auto in Short Time. j Charles City, Iowa, Oct. 26.-A. L. ! Filkln, rural route carrier Xo. 2, broke1 aH mail delivering records yesterday when he niade 23 ml,M , an atomo oile ln 5;J min,lteg. He delivered 140 pieces of mail to 113 boxes, sold $ 1.1 S worth of stamps and collected 16 let ters and one postcard. Postmaster L. H. Henry, A. L. Filkln. Mailing Clerk R? L. Brown, Joe Treat and Driver C. C. Hicks composed the party. Con gressman Haugen witnessed the start. LA F0LLETTE GOES HOME A WELL MAN Rochester, Minn., Oct. 2G. Senator and Mrs. La Follette left Rochester to day for Madison. Wis., their home. La Follette has completely recovered from his recent operation, CRM BALLOON IS SEEN IN AIR IN ONTARIO Wild Report That Craft Came Down Today Investigated. BASKET ON SHORE? Rumors Keen Searchers For America II and Crew Busy Tracing Them Down. St. Loul, Oct. 26. An abandoned balloon basket has been found on tho shore of Lake Superior near Port Ar thur, Ont., according to a message re. ceived here today. SEE DAI.LOO.T DESCETSDI.VG. Port Arthur, Ont, Oct. 26. Forest rangers in the government's employ sent wore here this morning a balloon was seen descending In the forest be tween this city, which is seven miles from Fort William, and Black Sturgeon lake, early today. A relief party will be sent to find the air craft, which the rangers think may be the America II. Clalma lie Saw Ilalloon. Fort William, Ont., Oct. 26. Mail Clerk Gerad Insists he and two train men on a Canadian Pacific limited, while passing Ouimet early last night, saw what appeared to be the lights of a balloon moving north, and that they could distinguish the outline of the balloon. Ko Information to lie Had. There Is no telegraph office at Oui met and no information can be had from there. At the rate the balloon was traveling it would cross the trans continental line 150 miles north about midnight and then It would be over a dense wilderness. Von l'hul May Abandon Trip. St. Louis, Mo., Oct. 26. The local aero club officials do not accept the statement of Milwaukee weather bu reau officials that there la a probabil ity that Hawley and Post were caught In contrary winds on Iake Superior Tuesday night and forced to descend in the lake. It is probable that the idea of having S. Louis von Puhl and Joseph M. O'Reilly, crew or the Million Club bal loon, start from Sault Ste. Marie. ! Mich.. In the St. Louis III. as a relief party in search of the Xew Yorkers will be abandoned. The plan was con sidered seriously Monday night at a meeting of the Aero club. There is a wide divergence of opin ion concerning the practicability of tho plan to send Vrm phul and O'Reilly out in another balloon to search tor Haw ley and Post. A reward of $200 was offered by a company of fur dealers which has 10, nnr correspondents In Canada for In formation about the missing aeronauts. Xotices of the rewara were mailed to the Canadian trappers. SMALL WAR BREAKS OUT IN PHILIPPINES Tribesmen Undertake to eigners Out and Kill Planters. Drive For Several Manila. Oct. 26. Two bands of Man obos tribesmen are depredating the west coast of Davao, in southeastern Mindanao island, and have killed sev eral planters, including Farl Gerr, an American. All available troops wcro 'ordered to the scene today. Brigadier General Perfhing, com manding the department of Mindanao, will command relnforcennts being hurried to Davao. Manobds dattos de clare their purpose of expelling all for eigners and Filipinos from the district. BOTANIST DIES AT SEA David Pearco Penliallovr f Montreal IVihm-s on Way to Kngland. London, Oct. 26. David Pearce Pen hallow, botanist and professor of bot any at McGill university, Montreal, since 1SS.1, died today aboard th'. ' ,, , . .. , learner Lake Manitoba, upon which he waa a P"senger from Montreal. UNCLE SAM AND GERMANY CLASH OVER POTASH Berlin. Oct. 2C. The diplomatic con troversy between the Tnlted States and Germany concerning recent legis lation involving the potash Industry, which takes from Americans all ad vantages of the existing contracts, haa reached an acute stage. Germany has asked for a delay until Saturday In which to reply to the latest reprceenta t.Umg from Washington.