Newspaper Page Text
THE ROCK ISLAND ARGUS. THURSDAY, JANUARY 11, 1912.
The War Fifty Years Ago
Forces Gathered to Strike The Leaders on Both Sides
When the New Year Opens and Their Plans Army
and Navy Expeditions Getting Ready to Invade the
Southern Coasts Two Confederate Agents Set Free
at the Demand of England First Release of Union
Prisoners at Richmond Confederates Bring Out a
New and Striking Battleflag on the Potomac Line.
"Stonewall" Jackson Leads a Foray.
Br Captita CtORCb I..
ICopyrtcht by American Preaa Assocla
THIS time fifty years ojro T7nion
ii od Confederate armies were
uiuMterin;; trns on the bor
der o:id b.arpening swords
fresh for the clash of arms to come.
In the ciorinst weeks of 1S61 move
ments of troops and snips were be
irun, which were to end In the battles
of Mill Spring. Ky.; lioanoke Island,
N. C; Forts Henry aad Lonelson,
Tenn.; New Orleans; Tea Rldffe, Ark.,
and Shilob, Tenn.. la January, Febru
ary, March end April, 1812.
The penerals to whom the north and
south looked for speedy and brilliant
Ylctories fifty yenrs ago were George
B. McClellan and Albert Flduey .Tohn
uton. Second to MC!ellun In the
north was Don Carlos Duell. who led
the Federal forres In the central west,
and second In point of prominence in
rank to Albert Sidney Johnston.
though not suliordinate to him. was
Joseph nccloston Johnston. McClellan
as genera! In chief directed the army
and nary operiitions which, under
General IUirunide and Commodore
Ooldi!orovti. were to conquer the j River barges and propellers were over
coast of. North Carolina, the army and hauled und converted into gunboats,
Sherman had been at the bead of the
army opposed to Johnston, but he was ;
succeeded ia November by Huell. who
planned a sweeping movement to the
south. With his headquarters at Lou
isville, Buell had gathered a large
army and amused the Confederates at
Bowling Green la the Interior and at
Columbus on the Mississippi during
the late fall and early winter.
Johnston waB an aggressive soldier'
as well as a strategist, and while cou-
fronting Sherman in November had so
alarmed "Uncle Billy" that he de
manded 200,000 men, for he said that
if Johnston took the notion to march
on Louisville no power then in the
field could stop bim. But Buell, after
taking in the situation, said. "I would
as soon expect to see the Army of the
Potomac coming up the road as John
ston." Great Seacoast Expeditions.
Burnside's Boanoke expedition had
been planned by himself and approved
by McClellan in October. 1SC1. and the
rest of the year taken up in getting i
together the troops ar.d vessels. All
the soldiers were selected from the sea
board and were men used to the sea.
at least 200 guns and be augmented by
a fleet of mortar boats under Porter.
Ben Butler was selected to command
the troops. This expedition was also
delayed in fitting out and bad not soil
ed at the beginning of the new year.
Tie Situation In Missouri.
If the Federal army west of the MJs
i slppl was in unorganized condition at
! the close of 1S6L army headquarters
itself was still more so. General John
j C. Fremont had held the chief com
i maud from July to November, and no-
der his regime Wilson's Creek was
i fought and lost in August. General Da
! vld Hunter succeeded Fremont Nov.
! 2 and a week later gave way to nal-
leek. At that time the principal Fed
' eral army lay at Rolla. north of Sprlng-
' field, in southern Missouri, confronted
l by the Confederates Sterling Price and
Ben McCulloch, against whom the ill j
starred Lyon had fought S3 gallantly
at Wilson's Creek. Halleck changed
the commanders 'of the force In front
of Springfield twice within a week at
the end of December, leaving it finally
in the hands of General S. R. Curtis.
Curtis immediately started southward
toward Springfield on a toilsome win
ter march toward the Arkansas border.
Both Sides Building Warships.
Whi!e the war on land waited for
the muster and equipment of armies
and the development of plans the whir
of machinery and the din of anvil and
hammer resounded in all the shipyards
of both sections, getting ready for a
struggle between ironclad Tessels. The
ram Merrimac was slowly and secret
ly growing into 6hape at Norfolk, and
the pygmy which was to cut short her
career was still in the hands of Erics
son and his mechanics at Greenpolnt,
N. T. The Eads fleet of paddle wheel
Ironclads, famous during the war as
the "ninety day gunboats" on account
of the haste in their construction, were
under way on the Mississippi.
The Confederates, having few seago
ing ships, fell back upon river boats
for defense and turned their attention
to the building of clumsy plated ves
sels from old hulks. The Louisiana
and Mississippi were built on the low
er Mississippi the Arkansas and Ten
uessee at Memphis, the Atlanta at Sa
vannah and the Palmetto State and
Chicora at Charleston. Of all the Con
federate ironclads begun in 18C1 only
the Merrimac and Arkansas became
famous in battle, and. of course, the
commerce destroyers Alabama and
Shenandoah were yet unheard of at
this time fifty years ago.
Minor Events of the Week.
On the first day of the new year Ma
son and Slidell, the two Confederate
commissioners under arrest ns prison
ers of the United States and claimed
by Great Britain, were released from
onfinement at Fort Warren. Boston,
rnd delivered into the hands of Lord
Lyons, the British minister at Wash
ington. This arrangement was accord
ing to the stipulations in England's i
diplomatic but urgent request that the
gentlemen bo set at liberty. The next !
day the British gunboat Rinaldo sailed
from Provincetown, Mass., for Eng
land, having the commissioners as pas
sengers. The first release of Union prisoners
of war held by the Confederates in
Richmond was effected on James river
on Jan. 3. The captives numbered 240
and were chiefly those taken at Bull
Run. July 21. 1.8(31. This was the be-
HES NEW DIKECTOK 5
OF POSTAL SAVINGS
THFCDORE L WEED
Theodore L. Weed, chief clerk of
the post office department, has been
appointed director general of the pos
tal savings system, at a salary of
$5,000. The postal savings banks are
now receiving deposits aggregating
$1,000,000 a week.
ing in apartments in the Avenue
Charles Floquet, loaned him by Ma
dame Sturges. Notwithstanding the
bad weather and with the cold 60 in
tense that a man died of congestion
yesterday on the Rue de Rivoli, Dun
can and his companions continued to
wear what would be considered high
ly appropriate for a seashore bathing
resort in July. The Duncan coterie
go hatless; their arms are bare and
so are their legs and the remainder
of their bodies are clothed only in a
tunic. The court gave an order of
eviction which is effective in seven
days, although the tenants are allowed
two or three days of grace. Duncan
characterized Parisians as "ungrate
ful" when seen yesterday by a corre
spondent of the Chicago America. He
added: "France needs more liberty
that is, liberty of costume. The
French landlords have no right to dic
tate what or what not I shall year.
I have met their wives with facea
smeared with powder and their daugh
ters almost strangled with corsets.
I have come among the French to
teach healthy Hellenic simplicity and
reveal the unknown beauties of Greek
art. I am goin to plav Sophocles in
the ancient text for them. Oh, these
Daily United States Weather Map
i ii i
.CX T3 I US. Department of Agriculture.
feiNj & WEATHER BUREAU
1VnS f H X WILLIS L. MOORE. Chief.
laouMa oonHnuc-lllneM)Wth)aliluntQleaiUM mjS "
"ISSm crda lln. fiSS- I J AN.lt
p-nttara; tiuij wiU be Irmwn onli lor lero. Irwiu KP. W. rO S 1 7 A.M
BnCBOIB indicate M of wethor-. O '" 3 Pdr C?0- O
loodrs O cmii: nUm mow; iwwt
niaAxm. Arro St with the wind. Firrt lotom
I!r,TL tot KM I'honm; eecond, 34-hour ninfall. uqui
FORECAST FOB ROCK ISLAND. DAVEXPOKT. MOLIXE AXD VICIXITV.
Generally fair and continued cold tonight and Friday, with the lowest temperature to
night about 15 degrees below zero.
The western low has overspread the
southern portion of the Rocky moun
tain region and the west gulf sections
and is attended by rain or snow from
the Pacific slope eastward to the cen
tral valleys and the southern states.
Tlie northwestern high, with its at
tendant cold wave, shows a further in
crease in intensity and temperatures
of from 30 to 40 degrees below zero
are reported from North Dakota, north
ern Minnesota. Manitoba, and north
ern Montana. The zero isotherm ex-
Today's Market Quotations
tends southward to northern Missouri
and eastward to Maine. The eastward
movement of these conditions will be
attended by generally fair and con
tinued cold weather In this vicinity to
night and Friday.
High. Low. Pr'cp
Atlantic City 32 1G .00
Boston 18 10 .00
Buffalo 6 4 .00
Rock Island -2 -10 .00
Denver 54 10 .00
Kansas City G
New Orleans GO
New York 22
St. Louis 14
St. Paul -14
San Diego 5S
San Francisco 56
Yellowstone Park . . .
NOW WHY DIDN'T
OF THIS BEFORE?
Frederick Weyerhauser. a multi
millionaire from St. Paul, when pes
tered for an interview by reporters
giuningof regular exchanges, although rules for pettins; r:ch by which any-
Pbto CopyrlirM by tna Review of Revlewi company.
VAK LKADERS AT THE OPENING OF 18C2: 1. CAPTAIN DAVID
GLASGOW FARItAGt'T. IT. 8. N.. HEAD OF THE NAVAL EXPE
DITION TO NEW ORLEANS. 2. GENERAL DON CARLOS BUELL.
U. S. A.. FEDERAL COMMANDER IN KENTUCKY. 3. GENERAL
ALBERT SIDNEY JOHNSTON, C. S. A.. CONFEDERATE LEADER
IN THE WEST. 4. GENERAL GEORGE B. M CLELLAN. U. S. A.,
GENERAL IN CniEF OF THE UNITED STATES FORCES .". GEN
ERAL JOSEPH E. JOHNSTON. C. S. A., LEADER OF THE CON
FEDERATES IN VIRGINIA.
tiavy operations under Ren Butler and )
Farragut, which would open up the I
lower Mississippi to the Federal fleet,
and in person conducted the opera
tions of the Army of the Potomac In
The Confederate Genius of the West.
It was the genius of Albert Sidney
Johnston, a New Englander by birth,
which luspired the Confederate oper
ations in Kentucky and Tennessee,
leudiug to the battles at Mill Springs.
Douelson aud Shiloh during the first
three months of 1SC2. Johnston was
In California at the outbreak of the
war and did not reach Richmond uu
til September, 1801. ufter the battles
of Bull Run. in Virginia, and Wilsou's
Creek, in Missouri. Joe Johnston, as
he was familiarly called, then led the
Confederate fjrees directly opposing
McClellun on the Potomac line, and
Albert Sidney was sent west to hold
for the south as niuob of Kentucky
as he could get n firm grip on aud the
whole of Tennessee at all hazards.
Taking bis stand at Rowling Green.
Ky.. Johnston gathered around him
all the Confederate troops ia the west
and attempted to keep the Federal ar
my from inarching south of that point.
He appealed to the government at
Richmond for more troops, saying that
with 20.000 men he could not bold his
ground when the enemy had the Ohio.
Cumlierland p.r.d Tennessee rivers open
to their transports and fighting ships
on either flask of h!s territory.
Ia the early fall of 1SC1 General W. T.
with parapets of sandbags and bay
bales to protect the guus. River pas
senger steamers came into service for
transporting Burnside's fighting force
of 15,000 inuo, organized into the divi
sions under Generals J. G. Foster.
Jesse L. Reno and J. G. Parke, which
ultimately formed the Ninth corps of
the Army of the Potomac and the
West. After numerous delays the flo
tilla sailed early in Jnnuary.
iirmy commanders had sometimes made
exenanges on their own responsibility
at the close of a battle, especially of
wounded men. The exchange on James
river led to the appointment of a com
mission to visit southern prisons by
President Lincoln and later to the or
ganization of n regular system of ex
change. On the 4th Stonewall Jackson's
troops, led by him in person, captured
the town of Bath, near Romney. Va.,
and burned a bridge behind them after
carrying off valuable Union army sup-
I plies. This was the beginning of Jack
son's enterprises as an independent
commander in the western section of
A New Battleflag.
A new Confederate battleflag first
appeared in the field in front of Wash
ington. Its distinguishing mark was
a red St. Andrew's cross spanning the
whole flag. This could be seen from
a distance and produced a startliuir
effect. It had been des-gned especial
ly to overcome the similarity of the
opposing national flags, the stars and
stripes and the stars and bars. The
i red. white and blue in each had on sev
eral battlefields caused them to Le
mistaken for friendly flags. The mis
take occurred twice at Bull Run, both
times to the advantage of the Confed-
unc. provided they play the game
(By wire from K. W. Warner & Co.,
Grain, provisions, stocks and cotton.
Local offices at Rock Island house. Rock
Island, 111. Chicago office, 98-98-100,
Board of Trade. Local telephones. No.
BOARD OF TRADE TRANSACTIONS
May, 100. 100, 99?i, 100.
July, 95"4, 9514, 94, 94.
September, 93 , 94, 93, 93.
May, C4, C5, 64, C5.
July, 64, 6o'4, 64, 60.
September, 65Vi, 65, CoVt, 65.
May, 49, 49, 49. 49Vj.
July, 45Ii, 45!4, 45, 45'j.
September, 40, 40, 40'i, 40.
January, closed 10.00.
May, 16.20, 16.50, 16.20, 16.45.
January, 9.37, 9.45. 9.35. 9.42.
May, 9.55, 9.65, 9.52, 9.65.
January, S.57, 8.65, 8.57, 8.65.
May, 8.77, 8.92, 8.77, 8.90.
OT-itOO At rtp.na.rlll. in T O. 1 . . 1.
U. . . . . , , , . , a, itaucgMiir vu I'l l. L"L11
p to November. lfsl. the Federal i ; jm . . ,
. . . , ... . ' sides were confused as to the colors
government had done nothing toward
seizing the key to the situation in the
west, the Mississippi outlet at New
Orleans. During the summer Captain
I. D. Porter had cruised in the gulf
off New Orleans with the Powhatan
aud had picked up information as t1) I
what the enemy was doing behind the
scenes. The Confederates were vigor
ously putting the forts in order for de
fense and had several ironclad rams
under construction at New Orleans and
Captain Porter had sailed north ic
the fall and. reaching Washington,
laid the case before the president, who
Immediately said. "Let's go and see
McClellan." After a short consultation
In which the secretary of the navy
took rart Lincoln, addressing McClel
lau and Porter, said. "We will leave
this in the bands of you two gentle
men." The matter was settled at once,
and David Glasgow Farragut was
summoned from bis home on the Hud
son river to take command of the na
val end of the expedition. Tbe fight
ln vessels of tbe fleet were to mount
in front. The general aspect of the
new flag was v.-e!rd in the extreme and
when fluunted by advancing troops
seemed to be a challenge to deadlv bat
tle. The advance ships of the French and
English expedition against Mexico
reached port at Vera Cruz. The os
tensible object of the movement was
to secure reparation for loss sustained
by European subjects in Mexico, then
a republic recognized by the United
States. Vera Cruz had already been oc
cupied by Spanish forces sent prompt
ly from Havana to seize this point the
moment hostilities were declared. At
that date Vera Cruz was the sole gatek
way for communication between the
ses and the interior of Mexico. It was
bombarded and captured by the Unit
ed States during the war with Mexico
In 1S47. The encroachment of Euro
peans upon this friendly American re
public was far from agreeable to tbe
United States, but with the civil war
taxing her energies to the utmost she
could not put np a vigorous protect at
right, ought to U able to take win
ter trips to Pasadena themselve .
"Make up you mind to work at
something really worthy of work and
work hard," he explained.
Here was .he l.-ellriner. though:
"lie Joyful at your work." he said.
"Dont" be afraid of long hours. Work
can be made a Joy. an economy, a
pleasure, you on'y go about it
"Work, 'vririe tV.e Interest of the
r.-.an who works :s centered, becomes
a source of real gratification, of hon
est plcasu.-e and accomplishment.
"Any young man ccn get rich, can
-fucceed In business if he taves. If
tie has a definite ..nd honest purpose
find '.s so ailed with the purpose that
work ceas"' tr be a hardship and be
comes a privilege."
KEEP THE KIDNEYS WELL
BAREFOOT DUNCANS TO
BE BANISHED BY PARIS
Pari.", Jan. 11. The anti-scant dra
pery movement now sweeping over
Fu r., e has struck Mr. and Mrs. Ray
nii.ii'J Uuucan. who are being prose-
tuted and will be evicted from their
apartment. Raymond Duncan is a
Californian and a brother of Isadora
Duncan, of Greek dance fame. Hi
wife is a beautiful Greek girl whom
he married in Athens six years ago.
The "reign cf prudery" began at Nice,
where Regina Asadu, the beautiful
Paris danseuse, appearing in a piece
by Pierre Louys, is being prosecuted
for excessive display of natural
charms. After this case was begun
detectives were put to watch the Dun
cans. Duncan and his guests are liv-
Mcaltli Is Worth Saving and Some
Rock Island People Know How
to Save It.
Many Rock Island people take
their lives in their hands by neg
lecting the kidneys when they know
these organs need help. Sick kid
neys are responsible for a vast
amount of suffering and ill health
tbe slightest delay is dangerous. Use
Doan's Kidney Pills a remedy that
has cured thousands of kidney suf
ferers Here is a Rock Island citi
Hugh Garvin, 501 Fifteenth street, j
Rock Island, 111., says: "I used the I
con ten u of one or two boxes ofl
Doan's Kidney Pil's a few months
ago wild gocd results and I can say
that other members of my family
have taken them with benefit. Some
times I suffered from a dull, nagging
ache through the small of my back,
accompanied by a distressing kidney
weakness. When Doan's Kidney
Pills were brought to my attention,
I procured a supply and their use
soon relieved me."
For sale by all dealers. Price 50
cents. Foster-Milburn company, Buf
falo N. Y., sole agents for tbe Unit
Remember the name Doan's
and take no other.
THE GRAIN MARKET.
Chicago Cash Grain.
Corn No. 3 w 61 62, No. 3 y 614
62, No. 4 w 61Cl"i. sgm 57
58 Vfe. sgy 5859.
Oats No. 2 4S. No. 2 w 50
51, No. ?, 4950, No. 3 w 4859,
Wheat No. 2 r 9798.
Wheat opened to higher; clos
ed to up.
Corn opened unchanged to lowe';
Wheat 9 0
Corn 253 0
Oats 60 33
To- Last Last
day. Wreek. Year.
Minneapolis 128 124 191
Duluth 10 29 26
Winnipeg 89 1S8 0
Chicago Estimates Tomorrow.
prices. Bulk 6.106.30. Light 5.90
6.25. Mixed 5.90 6.37. Heavy 5.95
6.40. Rough 5.95 g 6.10.
Cattle slow. Top 8.50.
Sheep weak. Top 5.00. Lambs easy.
Western Live Stock.
Hogs. Cattle. Sheep.
Kansas City 13,000 4,000 6,000
Omaha 15,000 3,800 9,200
Estimated Chicago Tomorrow.
Hogs. Cattle. Sheep.
Chicago ... .. 29,000 3,0o0 14,000
NEW YORK STOCKS.
New York, Jan. 11. Following are
the quotations on the market today:
Union Pacific 167
V. S. Steel preferred 110
U. S. Steel common 66
Rock Island preferred lo'i
Southern Pacific 109
New York Central 107
' Missouri Pacific 39',
Great Northern 128
Northern Pacific 115
Louisville & Nashville 154
Canadian Pacific 231
Illinois Central 140
Lard, 12 c.
Feed and Fuel.
Forage Timothy hay, $20 to $22.
Clover hay, $15.
Wild hay, $14 to $17.
New corn, 55c to 5Sc.
Coal Lump, per bushel, 15c; alack.
Seattle Governor Walter E.
Clark of Alaska, enroute to Wash
ington, D. C, declared that he was
opposed to "outside interference In
political questions upon which Alas
kans themselves are divided."
Chesapeake & Ohio
Brooklyn Rapid Transit
Baltimore & Ohio
. . 65
LITTEN S ROBERTS
Peoples National Bank BIft
I 'hone West 122
(Board of Trade building. Chicago,
took fire at 1:40 p. in.', and these were
the prices at that time.)
LOCAL MARKET CONDITIONS.
Jan. 11. Folowing are the quota
tions on the local market today:
Butter Dairy, yrc; creamerv, 45c.
Estate of Lna 1'aa.siK, deceased.
The undersigned liavinti been
Eeal Estate and Stocks
Wheat today 316.000 1S4.000
Year ago '..473.000 154,000
Ccrn today 697.000 408,000
Year ago 632,000 531,000
Bought. Bold and exrhanpf -J. If you
want to buy or have anything to sell
or cxihaiiKC l'-t us hear from you.
NATIONAL BROKERAGE: CO.,
470 Ohio street. Terre Haute, I:id.
LIVE STOCK MARKET.
Opening of Market.
Hogs 33,000. Left over 7,800. Slow
at yesterday's average. Light 5.803
6.25. Mixed 5.90(5 6.372. Heavy 5.95
(0 6.40. Rough 5.955 C.10.
Cattle 6.500. Steady. j
Sheep 14,000. Strong at yesterday's
Nine O'Clock Market
Hogs steady to strong. Light 5.903 j
6.25. Bulk 6.106.30. Mixed 5.90fe- !
C.371. Pigs 4.855.65. eHavy 5.95 W ;
6.40. Good 6.106.40. Rough 5 95fri
6.10. Yorkers 6.106.20. j
Cattle 6teady. Beeves 4.75S8.50. i
Stockers 3.305.90. Texans 4.30i&5.&5.
Cows 2.00 6.65. Westerns 4.50&7.95.
Calves 6.00Ji 8.75.
Sheep slow at Wednesday's close.
Natives 3.25&5.G0. Lambs 4. 75-87.23
Westerns 3.505.00. Yearlings 5.255?
Close of Market.
Hog market closed slow at opening
W. H. SALTER
Carpenter and Builder
Estimates furnished on
new and repair work. Ex
Good work and promtly
1514 Eighth avenue.
Rock Island, 111.
cvf tar Iflrssjccsncu, Cptu.
y jtaa w institute,
pointed executrix of the lust will aud
Ustament of Lena PauiB, lute of the
county c-r Itock Inland, mute of Illinois.
il cc-aaed. hereby gives notice that she
will appear betore tho lion. Benjamin
1-iell, juugt; ot the iirobute court of Hock:
island county, at the probate room, in
the city of Hock Island, at the February
ti mi, on the tirst Monday in February
iicxl, at which time all persons having
nanns a&aiiit ualU i-blale are noliued
auu requested to attend lor the purpose
o having the amu adjusted. All ptr
eens indebted to said estate are re-u';:-'U-a
to make immediate iuyiueut to
lated 13Ui day of December, K. D.
lfrU. CATIiKKiNfc; KKUKUEK,
Cl.'irer.ce J. Schrnoder, attorney.
Kx cc-utor's .Noduc.
Kstute of David Gruhl, deceased.
The undf rsign'-d having been appoint
ed executrix of the hint will and testa
u.cnt of David late of the couuly
of Itouk Island, state of Illinois, de
ceased, hereby gives notice that she
will appai- befote lion, lienjamln lieu.
ijuoa"- ii 'ii'-- prol ate court ot Hock la
I i.,nu c-uunly. at tae probate room, 111
tne city oi ito, k Island, at the March
tern,, on the iirsi Monday in Aiard,
hex l. at which tune all persons having
claims against said estate are notified
and reo.ut-itd to attend lor the purpose
ot having me dame adjusted.
All ticrsor.s indebted to laid estate are
requested to iiuk: immediate payment
to Lne undei sife'1 d.
Dated this Z0i-1 day of December, A.
Lt. ia 11.
ANNA FA I'K.MIAL'SE.V, Executrix.
Clarence j. 3ciiioeder, attorney.
Executor's Aoilcr .
E.state of Duviniu Linjmar.. deceased.
The undersigned having been appoint
ed administrator with the will an
nixed of tuc last 'Will and testament of
Luvinia Kii.gmari. late of the county of
Hock Island, slate of Illinois, deceased,
hereby gives notice th.-it he will appear
beluie lion. B.-n.-amin I.1I. jude of the
(-ronate court of 1'ock island county, at
Uit probate court room, in the city of
lioi k Island, at the March term, on the
hrsl Monday in March next, at which
time all persons having claims against
said estate are notified and requested to
attend for the i crposo of having the
All persona i.idvbted to said estate
are r;.'iir.':U-d to make Immediate pay-mt-it
to the undersigned.
Dated tl.ia ISd day of December. A.
CLAKESCE J. SCHKOEDER,
Adm.strator wKu Will Annexed.