OCR Interpretation

Rock Island Argus. (Rock Island, Ill.) 1893-1920, March 13, 1912, Image 1

Image and text provided by University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Library, Urbana, IL

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn92053934/1912-03-13/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for

Associated Press
Exclusive Wire
Argus Want Ads
Always Bring Results
The Weather
Findings and Recommen
dations to be Present
ed to Congress.
Forecast Till 7 P. M. Tomorrow, for
Rock Island. Davenport, Molina,
and Vicinity.
Increasing cloudiness with snow or
rain tonight and Thursday, warmer
tonight with the lowest temperature
about 20 degrees.
Temperature at 7 a. m. 11. Highest
yesterday 34. lowest last night 11.
Velocity of wind at 7 a. m. 2 miles
per hour.
Precipitation none.
Relative humidity at 7 p. m. 67,
at 7 a. m. 100.
J. M. SHERIER, Local Forecaster.
(From noon today to noon tomorrow.)
Sun sets 6 .04, rises 6:13; moon rises
:3tJ a. .; moon lowest and fartnest
south; 2:04 a. m.. moon In conjunction
with Uranus, passing from west to
Cast of the planet
Need for Closer Relations of
Bosses and Men Rather Than
Watch Checking on Work.
Southern Pacific Express
Messenger Balks Hold
up in Texasc
(Special to The Argus.)
Washington, D. C, March 13. Fol
lowing Is the complete report of the
special committee to investigate the
Taylor and other systems of shop man
Your committer, appointed under
house resolution SiO, adopted Aug. 21,
1911, respectfully submits the follow
ing report:
By the provisions of the resolution
under which it was appointed your
committee was directed to investigate
the Taylor and other systems of shop
management, which Investigation shall
include Its applicability to govern
ment works! its effect on the health
and pay of employes. Its effect on
wages and labor cost, and such other
matters connected therew ith as may
give a thorough understanding of the i borne by the workman.
results of the installation of this sys
tem. We have examined a number of wit
nesses relative to the various systems
of shop management which have been
worked out and are being introduced
in a limited number of establishments
throughout the country, but we have
given especial attention to an investi
gation of the Taylor sjstem because
we found that this system Is being in
troduced in part in two government ar
senals and its extension Into other gov
ernment plants being yerlously consld
1IUVIH III, uv ink r-T
d by- tire' MWLl 5flW1W'g"
luaft'ce bureauof the war
by creating such conditions as will per
mit them to work out their own happi
ness and contentment, secure wages
which will enable them to live in such
a manner as to maintain their own self-
respect and sufficient leisure to enjoy
the refreshing influence of mental and
moral recreation.
The Taylor system of 6hop manage
ment may be divided into three general
heads: Standardization, eystematlza
tion, and stimulation. Efficiency may
be gained In whole or in part by any
of these ways, by any two of them, or
by all three combined. Any or all of
these devices may be carried to an ex
treme. In the first two devices, name
ly, standardization and systematiza
t'on, the expense which would be cre
ated by carrying them to an extreme
would act as a check against the con
tinuance of such a condition, but that
check would not exist in that portion
of stimulation which is applied to the
The expenses of standardization and
systematlzation are borne by the man
agement, while the expense of stimula
tion in the form of increased energy is
Any system
of shop management which creates a
burden charge through standardization
or systematlzation which is too heavy
for the shop to bear or which imposes
burden charges through stimulation
which are too heavy for the workman
to hear should be -discontinued.
That there is some loafing or sol
diering amongst workmen has been
shown by the testimony before your
committee, but it lg not general nor
does it occur in numerous instances .
compared with the total number em- j recovered
ployed. .
One Has Brains Beaten Out and
Other Is Shot Down With
Dead Pal's Revolver.
Sensational Report Concerning
Canal Given Out ly En
gineer on Ground.
Latter Declares Presence of Steam
and Smoke Due to Oxidiza
tion of Pyrites.
San Antonio, Texas, March 13.
David Truesdale, an express messen
ger, balked robbers of a west bound
Southern Pacific train near Sander
son early today when he trapped and
killed two highwaymen.
The robbers boarded the train near
Sanderson. The mall and express
cirs and locomotive were detached
from the passenger coaches.
Then one of the robbers took
Truesdale back to the train and kept
him under guard, while the other
robber rifled the safe and express
boxes. Truesdale is said to have em
ployed the old ruse of signaling to
an imaginary person and broke from
his captor.
When the robber turned Truesdale
grasped a mallet and before the high
wayman could shoot dashed out his
brains. Then arming himself with
the dead robber's gun Truesdale
waited for the return of the other
When he appeared Truesdale killed
mm. aii tne stolen property was
New York. March 13. A statement
that a sleeping volcano, dormant many
centuries, is threatening the Bafety of
the Panama canal. Is made in dis
patches from Colon. The volcano is
said to underlie the Culebra cut and,
it is stated, "the report of the division
engineer at Culebra is rather pessi
mistic." Fear of volcanic trouble had
its origin In clouds of steam and blue
smoke rising from newly turned
The division engineer's report says:
"I have examined the spot and to give
an idea or tne temperature i took a
piece of white pine and held it for
three minutes in the mouth of tne
largest vent, and it was completely
The canal commission's geologist de
clares the steam and smoke are due to
oxidization of pyrites and have no vol
canic significance.
Ordinary intelligent management un
der any system could eliminate it en-
All of these systems, including the tirely, or at least reduce it to the point
Taylor system, have become known by w here It would not be a serious hln
the general term "scientific manage- i drance to production. Because there
tnent" and are referred to as such i are some loafers is no reason why the
remainder of the workmen should eith
er be compelled or Induced to work up
to the very edge of the breaking strain.
There is need for production at the
lowest cost, but no economic necessity
throughout the hearings, a copy of
which accompanies this report.
A great amount of good work has
teen done by Mr. Talor and others in
working out the detail of scientific I can justify requiring workmen to
methods of shop management, but: speed up to the highest point which
reither Mr. Talor nor anyone else has j they can continue from day to day and
presented to this committee a system from year to year, even without injury
so complete and perfect as to justify a i to their health and strength. To place
lecommcnitutlou that It be imposed In Ivor
Itr entirety in any government shop.
Any radical change in factory man
agement should be a gradual evolution
out of that which has preceded. The
present systems, or lack of systems,
vlth their good and their bad points
re themselves the result of long evo
lution. No drastic or radical change In
them should be suddenly or even
quickly lmiKjsed by flat from above.
Men have become accustomed alike to
the good and the bad that are in the
systems under which they work. They
know and approve the good; they
Know how to combat the evil. They
are naturally aud properly suspicious
that motives purely selfish may be be
hind the sudden change. Confidence is
a plant of slow growth. Neither the
Taylor system nor any other should be
Imposed from above on an unwilling
working force. Any system of 6hop
tnanafsemeat ought to be the result of
mutual conference and mutual consent,
and that takes time.
Government In a mill should be like
government in a state "with the con
sent of the governed."
It appears to your committee that no
one can seriously object, and as a mat
ter of fact no one has objected, to any
system which so standardizes and sys
tematizes the work to be performed
that a greater amount of production Is
secured with the same expenditure of
labor. Employer and employe alike
and the public generally are interested
In securing the largest amount and the
best quality of production that ran pos
sibly be secured by the amount of la
bor expended. All men have a mutual
Interest In the accomplishment of that
end. It Is only when it comes to a
division of that which has been produc
ed that their Interests diverge. It,
therefore, follows that any system of
management, which has a tendency to
destroy the power of employes, indi
vidually or collectively, to secure the
equivalent of the production which
property belongs to them must be look
ed upon m being dangerous to the wel
fare of the community at large.
ESlcienry must not be hud at the
cost of the men, women, and children
who labor and who should be the pri
mary beneficiaries from efficiency. We
should study how to produce the best
results in output while also producing
conditions to make the most efficient
men and women to produce that out
tut and this must be done by conserv
Ing in every way not only their health
Later it was learned both the dead
bffndlts were Americans and' there
was a third robber who escaped.
White House Conference
Acts On An Appeal
From Madero.
La Follette, in Issuing Platform,
Shows How Combinations
Thrived Under Him.
Prices Put Vp to Meet Dividends on
These Wisconsin for Refer
endum and Recall.
Soldiers Have Fierce En
counters With Maraud
ing Tribes.
Any State on Continent in Dis
order Included in Decision
Reached by Committee.
Lawrence, Mass., March 13. End
ing of the great textile strike was
thought to have been reached today
when .the strike committee voted to
recommend that the operatives at the
American Woolen company's four
mills accept the wage schedule of
fered by the corporation.
Crease was . absolutely necessary to
preserve tne society.
. ix
Washington, March 13. The pres
ident today pointed out to members
of the foreign relations committee
and the Texas congressional delega
tion at a conference at the White
house that the neutrality laws of the
United States are not specific enough,
and is reported to have said that un
less congress enacts a new measure
it would be difficult to preserve peace
with Mexico.
Madison, Wis., March 13. La Fol
lette, In his campaign platform, given
out today, declares nelief in the in
itiative, referendum, recall and dl
rect nominations; government own
ership of express companies; grad
uated income and Inheritance taxes,
and parcels post. He opposes a ship
subsidy, Aldrich currency plan, Ca
nadian reciprocity and "dollar diplo
Accompanying his platform La
Follette makes the statement:
"When Roosevelt became president
the total amount of stock and bond
issues of all combinations and trusts,
including railways then in combina
tion, was only $3,784,000,000. When
he turned the country over to Taft,
whom he selected as his successor,
the total capitalization of trusts and
combinations amounted to $31,672,'
0C0.000. Prices were put up to pay
interest dividends on this fraudulent
Washington, March 13. Promi
nent suffragets from various cities
The conference was a direct result
of an appeal by President Madero tojtoday were heard by a jo,nt commlt.
tee of the woman's suffrage commit-
Kansas City, March 13. The re
cent increase of insurance rates of
the Modern Woodmen was approved
today by 75 deputies of the order
representing Missouri, Kansas and Sugar Reduced.
Oklahoma I t-w, agreed the , lad Nejr.jLork,3Laxch -13 Refined sugar
President Taft through the Mexican
ambassador. After a conference the
senate committee on foreign rela
tions framed a joint resolution which
prohibits the shipment of arms from,
the United States into any state on
the American continent which-is in
a condition of disorder.
The Intention is to make it imme
diately applicable to the Mexican sit
uation. The resolution was reported
to the senate immediately.
Instructions, it is said, have been
given customs officers to hold up all
shipments of arms destined for Mexico.
was reduced today 10 cents per hun
dred pounds.
Bullets From Forts Tear Awn
ings and Spar of British
Gunboat at Canton.
tee and the judiciary committee of
the senate and house judiciary com
mittee. The suffragets spoke for an
amendment to the constitution to en
franchise women.
Chicago, March 13. County Judge
Owens today ordered that the ques
tion of woman suffrage be put on
the ballot at the April primaries.
vorkmen in a position ot that Kind is
to put them in the position of a beast
of burden which is required to go on
from day to day performing a given
There is a margin between the work
performed by the loafer and the maxi
mum task for a. man, and in that mar
gin lies a proper day's work. What
constitutes a reasonable day's work
can only be determined by practical ex
perience and intelligent observation.
It can noi. be wholly determined by a
stop watch or any other time-measuring
instrument used only for a brief
period of time. By the stop watch you
may be able to determine the time in
which a piece of work can be done, but
you do not thereby alone determine the
length of time in which it ought to be
done. The time study of the opera
tions of any machine can be made
with a reasonable degree ot accuracy,
because all of the elements can be taken
Into consideration n making the compu
tation. A machine is an inanimate thing
It has no life, no brain, no sentiment,
and no place in the social order. With a
workman U is different. He is a living,
moving, sentient, social being; he is
entitled to all the rights, privileges, op
portunities, and respectful considera
tion given to other men. He would
' -;" dm!
(Continued on I'm. six.)
Chicago, March 13. Another
blow was dealt the packers today
wnen Judge Carpenter denied a mo
tion for the discharge of Edward
Morris and Louis H. He) man, two
of the defendants, on a technical ob
jection to the indictment.
New York. March 13. W. E. D.
Stokes, the millionaire hotel owner,
who was a target for the revolvers of
two actresses a few months ago. Is
to be operated on sftortly for Injur
ies which he believes were received
In the attack made on him at that
time. The operation involves removal
of one of his kidneys and the substi-
and physical and nervous vigor, butltutioa of a kidney of an animal.
(Editor's Note. This 1b the fourth and
concluding of the apples of articles
on the Taylor system of seientiflo shop
management. pr-parcd after an investi
gation of several months, by Clyde H.
Tavenner. Washington correspondent of
The Argus. These articles have arous
ed wide discussion and elicited much
commendation from working men in all
pans or tne intted States, it was the
first time the "other side" of the Taylor
system has been presented as a nation
wide protest. Accompanying Mr. Tav
enncr's exposure of the system, the spe
cial committee appointed by the house
of representatives to investigate the
subject, has. as has been told in The
Argus, made its report, completely ver
ifying and substantiating Mr. Taven
ner's description of the Taylor meth-
(Special Correspondence of The Argus.)
Washington, March 10. If you were
a worker in a factory, would you object
to a 6top watch being held over you
to ascertain how
many seconds you
had wasted on a
job in such non
dividend - produc
ing motions as
brushing your hair
out of your eyes or
blowing your nose?
Would you ob
ject to a system
which means that
the quickest time
et which a job can
be completed by a
first class man is
to be the standard
time at which all
men are to be com
pelled to complete
the same job, with
a bonuB (at least,
to start with) for
coming up to the maximum time and
a fine or a discharge for not coming
up to that time?
Would you object to a system which
inveigled you into running a race with
your fellow workmen, and which race,
once started, would "scientifically'
bind you to keep on racing?
If you are the wife or the mother of
a workingmsn, would you object to
your husband or son running the risk
of a physical breakdown under such
a terrific pace-6etting system for a few
dollars extra per year?
If you would object to these condi
tions, you fail to approve of Frederick
W. Taylor's system of scientific shop
management, which, in the language
of a special committee of congress
that has just completed an exhaustive
investigation of the system, places
workmen "In the position of a beast
of burden."
It should be stated in justice to Mr.
Taylor that the pictures suggested by
the above questions paint the ex
tremes of the results of Lis system,
there being many excellent features ried by the telegraph, but which
Boston, March 13. President Taft
will soon own a "big stick." While
presented a shillalah which, accord
ing to the inscription, was taken from
a tree that grew beside Napoleon's
tomb at St. Helena. In a cavity in
the bottom of the cane is sand taken
from the battlefield of Lexington, and
is kept in place by a plug of wood
from a Washington elm. The plug
in the handle is made of wood from
the. Paul Revere belfry, and another
feature is an imbedded Lincoln pen
I "V i
of systemization and standardization
In his work to which no one objects,
to which no one could object. But the
Taylor system in. its final analysis is
based on extremes. He covers in his
propaganda all the ground covered by
other labor-eaving scientists, and then
continues still further. It is these ex
tremes which are the straws that are
breaking the camel's back; which have
caused the workers In the Rock Island
and other arsenals to threaten a strike
rather than to work under the Taylor
system as he describes it.
The purpose of taking the time of
false motions with a stop watch is to
secure data to aid In setting a pace
for all workmen. For instance, if a
workman spends two hours at a given
task, and the stop watch shows that
five minutes were consumed In false
motions, that five minutes Is deducted
from the two hours and all other
workmen will "be called upon to per
form the same operation in one hour
and 65 minutes. This time becomes
the standard time. Then after all the
men engaged An that class ol -work
can perform the task in one hour and
55 minutes, those unable to do it in
the meantime having been eliminated,
another time etudy is made with the
object of reducing the standard time
still more. And bo on, and on. Mr.
Taylor says it is really wonderful what
a prodigious amount of work can be
performed by the body of picked men
who survive three or four years of his
stimulating and eliminating processes.
Mr. Taylor has nothing to say of bread
earners who drop out in the prelim
inaries. The Taylor system only con
cerns itself with the survivors.
Labor men all over the country are
rejoicing at the report of the congres
sional investigating committee, which
consisted of Chairman W. B. Wilson
of Pennsylvania, who as a boy worked
in the mines; William C. Redfleld of
New "fork, a manufacturer and big
employer of labor, and J. Q. Tilson of
Connecticut, a lawyer and Spanish war
veteran. Mr. Wilson and Mr. Redfleld
are democrats, and Mr. Tilson is a re
publican. The report against speeding
up processes was unanimous, as you
know and the substance of the report
has been telegraphed The Argus.
"By the stop watch you may be able
to determine the time In which a piece
of work can be done, but you do not
thereby alone determine the length of
time In which it ought to be done.
This Is one of ,ihe many statements
in the report of the house committee
which investigated the Taylor system.
y hich. necessarily could not all be car-
throws light on the subject. Under the
Taylor system men and machines are
treated practically alike. Both are
worked "to break." The committee,
however, takes the attitude that men
and machines are not quite alike yet.
"The time study of the operations ot
any machine can be made with a rea
sonable degree of accuracy," says the
report, "because all of the elements
can be taken into consideration in
making the computation. A machine
is an inanimate thing it has no life,
no brain, no sentiment, and no place
In the social order. With a workman
it is different He is a living, moving,
sentient, social being; he is entitled to
all the rights, privileges, opportunities,
and respectful consideration given to
other men. He would be less than a
man if he did not resent the introduc
tion of any system which deals with
him in the same way as a beast of bur
den or an inanimate machine.
"There is no work that can be per
formed, or that is performed, that is
not preceded by a mental process oa
the part of the workman. The more
skill needed in the work the greater
the mental process which precedes the
expression of it. So far as your com
mittee has been able to learn, there Is
no method known to scientific manage
ment by which a time study can be
made of the mental process preceding
the physical act.
"The elements of the mental process
not being susceptible ot determination
by a stop-watch time study, the 6tudy
of itself must consequently be inaccur
ate and the workmen are Justified in
objecting to such a time study being
used as a basis upon which to compute
their day's work and compensation
when in their judgment Injustice is
done them thereby.
"In an effort to stimulate the work
men to Increased activity variouB
methods are used such as discharge,
fear of discharge, stop watch time
studies, and bonuses. The bonus sys
tem is based npon the establishment of
a task large enough for an ordinary
day's work and then holding additional
compensation as an inducement to a
workman to do more than he would or
dinarily do.
"Tour committee is of the opinion
that the mere mental attitude of the
employer is too variable and unsub
stantial a basis upon which to rest the
material welfare of the wage-worker.
"When it comes to introducing stim
ulation, a change of mental attitude by
which the workman is willing to give
a greater amount of energy for the
same amount of pay may be very desir
able to the employer, but it is not al
ways so desirable to' le employe."
Hong Kong, March 13. A condi
tion approaching anarchy appears to
prevail almost everywhere in the
province of Kwangtung. At Swatow
soldiers had several fierce encounters
with marauding tribesmen. In a
fight at Chowayang 40 men were
killed and 60 wounded.
The United States monitor Mon
terey is at Canton. The British gun
boat Moorhem last night had Its awn
ings and spar torn by bullets from
forts while engaged in protecting an
electric station.
Several foreign missionaries had
narrow escapes from bullets. Five
former well known pirates combined
together to defy the authorities and
disarm their followers. It is said
one of these chiefs alone had 10,000
Peking, March 13. General Sheng
Yuan is marching at the head of 10,
000 troops from the province of Ka
neu to Peking to restore the emperor
to the throne.
In view of the seriousness of the
situation caused by Sheng's move
ment President Yuan has sent envoys,
to explain the present situation,
Peking. March 13. President J
Yuan Shi Kal is a prisoner In his
lift Bflfitwn rfiait .Alaartoy ng4Hhelown pajawawd 'the-gtB of the great
republic of China still Jhangs In the
balance. Three regiments of Man
chu troops guard the entrance to the
raiace, wnere tne newiy installed
head of the nation remains, afraid
to venture forth because of the dan
ger of assassination. Foreigners are
virtual prisoners In the legation com
pounds. The outcome is Impossible
to forecast, but the final test must
come before many days. The streets
of the city are full of headless
bodies and the danger of plague Is
grave. Tne bodies are those of men
punished for looting during the re
cent rioting, and it is believed few
were guilty. Not a single body was
in uniform, which indicates ail were
civilians, the majority being coolies.
They were slain, it is claimed, be
cause it was necessary to provide
victims to back up Yuan's declara
tion that bandits were being pun
ished. Alt LOSE 1,000.
Beng Hazl, Tripolitani, March 13.
More than a thousand Arabs were
killed and a thousand wounded, ac
cording to Italian advices, In one of
the stlffest encounters of the war
when the Italians yesterday stormed
p.nd occupied two bases near Fojat,
which were held by a large force of
Arabs. The loss of the Italians is
given as three officers and 25 sol
diers killed, seven officers and '55
sc Idlers wounded.
Chicago, March 13. Rose Mo-
Carl, 5, sought to light a fire in an
oil heater in her room. Her gar
ments ignited and her screams
aroused other occupants of the house.
When a door was broken down she
was enveloped in flames and the bed
ding and furniture in the room were
burning. A policeman and other oc
cupants of the house were severely
burned in attempting to rescue the
woman. When the firemen arrived
it was necessary to turn water on the
body of the woman to extinguish the
flames which had killed her.
August Heerwagen, 89, stood near
a heater in his home. His garments
caught fire and he died on the way
to a hospital.
Berlin, March 13. The coal strike
in Westphalian resulted today in a
fatal conflict between the police and
strikers In the village ot Heme. A
mob of strikers threw stones and
fired revolvers at the, police. The po
lice replied with revolvers and one
of the strikers wag killed. The
strikers during the night repeatedly
bombarded the police with bottles
and stones from upper windows. A
large body of strikers also demol
ished a number of gas lamps and
many merchants were forced to bar
ricade their stores. Order was re
stored today. A number of arrests
were made. Serious disturbances
were also reported in other quarters.
London, March 13. The confer
ence between British coal mine own
ers and delegates of striking miners
presided over by Premier Asquith
was resumed this morning at the
foreign office. When it adjourned
for luncheon the premier expressed
gratification at the progress the ne
gotiations are taking.
New York, March 13. A joint con
ference of anthracite operators and
miners were held this afternoon. The
operators refused the demands of the
miners for a 20 per cent increase in
wages, an eight hour work day and
recognition of the union. The con
ference was held behind closed doors.
When asked if the mine workers
Intended to modify their demands.
President White said: "Our demands
wiil stand. We have no intention of
luodifylng them."
New York, March 13. Charies
Thompson Harvey, 83, who planned
the first elevated railroad operated
In this city and built the Sault Ste.
Marie ship canal, la dead.
Denver. March 13. P. L. Hub
hard, 70, former Judge of the district
court at Atchison, Kan., Is dead.
Fifty-one years ago Judge Hubbard
was a school teacher at Port Huron.
Mich., and Thomas A. Edison, the
inventor, was one of his pupils.
Washington, March 13. Chancel
lor Mahlou Pitney of New Jersey to
day was confirmed by the senate as
Raoncfata InatlcA nf f ha aunremM
court of the United States.
The vote was 50 to 28. The op
position to Chancellor Pitney crum
bled during the first two hours of
the senate executive session and a
vote was reached shortly after 2 p.
Among the negatives were Cum
mins and Kenyon.
Big Gain by Drya.
Minneapolis, March 13. Unofficial
returns at 1 o'clock today from 181
out of approximately 200 towns and
villages in Minnesota which voted
yesterday on the license question in
dicate the "dry" forces made extent
slve gains in the state. Of the 1S1
from which reports have been re
ceived 90 voted "dry" and SI

xml | txt