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THE ROCK ISLAND ARGUS, ilm
Associated Press Exclusive Wire SIXTY-SECOND YEAR NO. 158. TUESDAY, AP11IL 22, 1913. -FOURTEEN PAGES. PRICE TWO CENTS. PRESIDENTS NEW APPEAL ON JAP LAW Legislature of California Warned of Possible Complications. INSISTS ON FAIRNESS Discriminatory Features of Proposed Act Is What Might Cause Unpleasantness. Washington, D. C April 22. The president, after a conference with the democratic delegation from Califor iiia, today decided to telegraph Gov traor Johnson and legislative leaders In California appealing to them not to enact any anti-alien land laws In contravention of treaty obligations of the United States with Japan. The telegram In part was aa fol lows: "I speak upon the assumption, which I am sure is well founded, that t lie people of California do not desire their representatives and that their representatives do not wish or in tend in any circumstances to em ImrraHB the government of the United States in its dealings with a nation witli whom it has most earnestly and cordially sought to maintain relations of genuine friendship and good will, and least of all do they desire to do iinytliing that might impair treaty obligations or cast doubt upon the honor and good faith of the nation uod it government I.O MOW, I ADVICE. "I therefore appeal with utmost t:ontldence to the people, the governor and the legislature of California to net in the matter under considera tion in a manner that cannot from any point of view be fairly challenged or called to question. If they deem it iit'Cu!Mury to exclude all aliens who have not declared their in tentjo ,tft.-F T-t r,, become citizens rroTnTHvmsea'oINs "Tlrl. land ownership they can do so along lines already followed In the laws of many other states and many foreign MUntries, including Japan herself. I ' Kilter my earnest and very respect ful protest against discrimination In this case." tRKOGtrlON OBSTACLE 5 KEN. Senator Chamberlain's resolution for abrogation of the llay-Pauncefote treaty, ia the opinion of state de partment officials, will be confronted v, Ith the contention that neither that treaty nor the Clayton-Bulwer treaty can be abrogated by the United States without the consent of Great Britain. Treaties, officials point out, are in the nature of civil contracts, and where one party, the United States, for in Mance, has acquired a valuable con federation under their terms, it can not escape liability without the full consent of the second party. SCHOOL STRIKER KILLED BY A CAR Pittsburgh. Pa., April 22. The first fatality attending "strikes" of school children organized as protests against Superintendent Haeter occurred this morning when an unknown foreign pirl, marching with a hundred or more rompankEs, was run down by a street car and killed. The "strike," which began yester day soon after Haeter. who' had been acquitted of serious charges preferred by a domestic in his family, had re turned to work. This afternoon more than flftf schools were reported af fected by the movement. In some in ttancee bat a handful of children were In attendance. lJuring the day many children paraded around the schools and vicinity and some parades led to ward the center of the city., Night po lice and reserves were called out, but iwlng to the character of the "rioters" hey were at a loss how to handle the) nt nation. GIRL IS HELD IN A ST. LOUIS KILLING St Ixmls. Mo, April 22. The bodies rf Mrs. Ernestine Komnichau and her daughter, Selma, were found today buried in the basement of a building at 2412 South Broadway. Marie, an other daughter, was arrested this af ternoon for an investigation In connec tion with the mystery. Marie was tak en to a hospital two weeks ago with a broken leg. To inquiries Mane said Selma died and her mother had taken her body to Illinois for burial. Both bodies were immured in concrete. It Is said the Komnichau family, consisting of the mother and two daughters, each of whom Is between 43 and 50 years of a$et tad lived in the house since IS36. The Weather Forecast Till 7 p. m. Tomorrow, for Rock Island, Davenport, Moline, and Vicinity. Mostly cloudy with showers tonight or Wednesday, cooler Wednesday. Temperature at 7 a. m.. 61. Highest yesterday, 71, lowest last night, 58. Velocity of wind at 7 a. m., 7 miles pei hour. Precipitation none. Relative humidity at 7 p. m, 38, at 7 a. m. 47. Stage of water, 9.3, a fall of .4 in last 24 hours. J. M. SHERIER. Local Forecaster. ASTRONOMICAL EVENTS. Evening stars: Venus, Saturn. Morn ing stars: Mercury, Jupiter, Mars. Constellation Coitus, forming a quad rangle in the southern sky. In meridian at 10 p. m. BRYAN HAS READY PLANS OF PEACE Washington. D. C, April 22. Secre tary Bryan's preliminary plans for a world-wide peace movement probably will be laid informally before the sen ate foreign relations committee to morrow. Bryan has been at work for some time upon a crystalization of his ideas for international peace, and it is understood now is prepared to recommend a series of world-wide treaties for submission of disputes to arbitration and limitation upon arma ments. Bryan's suggestion for limitation of armaments, it is said, will include a proposal that when vital questions ' h. Kon ...kmiiti tr. o w,m tti lucinn i of Inquiry, neither country a party to the dispute shall in any way in crease its armament or make further preparation for war until the com mission has reported its findings. SPIRIT OF UNREST HITS HIGH COURT Washington, T. C., April 22.-How , the supreme court of the Lnited State.. or at least one member of U, views the , present day criticisms of the courts, , is set lorcn in a speecn ny jusixe u.i- ver Wendell Holmes, made public to- j day in the form of a senate puDlic doc ument. Justice Holmes delivered the pynwa iroaiujr . p"2.wgifciaftTA."'j ,w iin. i Science has taught the word skep ticism, the Justice said by way of preface, and made it legitimate to put everything to the test of proof. "Of course we are not excepted," he said, referring to the supreme court. "Not only are we told that when Mar shall pronounced an act of congress unconstitutional he usurped a power that the constitution did not give, but we are told thai we ane the representa tives of a class a tool of the money power. "I get letters, not always anony mous, intimating that, we are corrupt. Well, gentlemen, I admit it makes my heart ache. It ia very painful, when one spends all the energies of one's soul in trying to do work, with no thought but that of solving a problem according to the rules by which one is bound, to know that (many see sinister motives and would be glad of evidence that one was consciously bad. "But we must take such things phi losophically and try to see what we can learn from hatred, and distrust, and whether behind them there may not be some germ of inarticulate truth." The attacks upon the court, the Jus tice added, "are merely an expression of the unrest that seems to wonder vaguely whether law and order pay." An important truth to be extracted from the popular discontent, accord ing to Justice Holmes, is that Judges, particularly in state courts, have read their conscious or unconscious sympa thies prematurely into the law. "It cannot be helped it is as it should be that the law is behind the times." declared Justice Holmes. "As law embodies beliefs that have tri umphed in the battle of ideas and then have translated themselves into ac tion, while there still is doubt, while opposite convictions still keep a battle front against each other, the time for law has not come; the notion destined to prevail is not yet entitled to tie field." . In connection with the discussion of premature law, he f pressed the be- lier that 20 years ago when a "vague terror went over the earth and the word socialism began to be heard," fear was translated by Judges into doctrines that had no proper place la the constitution or the common law. "Judges are apt to be naive, simple minded men, and they need something of Mephistopheles," observed the Jus tice. Justice Holmes concluded by saying that as he grew old, be grew calm, and predicted that competition from new races will cut deeper In the future than workingmen'a disputes and will test whether "we can hang together and fight." "I do not pin my dreams for the future to my country or even to my race," he said. "1 think it probable that civilization souehow will last as long as I care to look ahead. I think it not improbable that man, like the grub that prepares a chamber for tn winged thing it never has seen but is to be. may have cosmic destinies that i he does not understand." CONGRESS TO OPEN DEBATE OVERJARIFF Democratic Draft Adopt ed by Committee by Party Vote. FIGHT PLANS ARE LAID Leader Underwood Explains How Readjustment Will Bestow Benefits. Washington, D. C, April 22. With i the entire ways and means committee in session today for the first time, Underwood laid before it the demo cratic tariff bill. After receiving vig orous opposition by six republican members, and Murdock, new progres sive member of the committee, it was approved by a strict party vote, 14 to 7, and reported to the house to be called up tomorrow for general de bate. The completed tariff bill presented to the house by democrats of the ways ana mean? commmee recommenaea radical readjustment of the entire hscal policy ol the nation, it propos-1 ed to make an income tax the means of accurately adjusting the funds to be raised by taxation to correspond with the necessities of government expenditures. The report submitted by Under wood, after outlining operations of the proposed income tax, said: XO BIMNBSS DISTVRBANt US. "Revenues from all income taxes will readily respond to changes of v-i fAr. i n H t H a Itrtav sn n Vn- l n rl r v )owered within & fw Qut businesg disturbances such as Kenera, cnam,C3 occasion. It Is Delieved a Dudpet or other system mav be ahIe fiOReiv t raI(,..,a. and determine in ad- vance forthcoming expenditures will soon be devised, in which event it .nrrnmr eaty to maintain n close oaiance Deiweeu expeuuiuirse and revenues such . as are practiced by most other civilized countries. "With other sources of revenue re vised to 'an honest fixed basia and the income tax a permanent part of our revenue system, and at all times affording a substantial amount of revenue, congress could, and, if ne cessary, should annually raise or low er income, tax rates in such manner as to prevent either a deficit or sur plus in the treasury. This combined tax system will afford justic.v taxa tion flexibility, stability of revenue and rigid economy in expenditures." COST TIIK.ORV K.IIKI. Democrats, outlining their policy in the preparation of the bill, announced absolute disregard for the cost-of-production theory as regulatory of tariff rates, and declared in the pend ing bill they attempted: "To eliminate the selection of pro fits and to cut off duties which en abled industrial managers to exact a bonus for which no equivalent was rendered. "To introduce in every line of in dustry a competitive tariff basis pro viding for a substantial amount of im portation to the end that no concern shall be able to feel that it has a mo nopoly of the home market gained other than through the fact that it is able to furnish "better goods at lower prices than others." The new bill gives the president power to negotiate trade agreements containing "mutual concessions" with foreign countries, to be approved by congress. KEW 900-FOOT LINER IS AGROUND IN THE ELBE Hamburg, April 22. The new Ham burg-American line steamship Impera- tor, 900 feet long, ran aground in the Elbe this morning. It was proceeding up from the shipbuilding yard for the lower Elbe to make ready for the of ficial trip when it gr--inded. The Imperator was floated this af ternoon. Pastor and Family Die m Fire. Seiling. Okla., April 22. Rev. John Leslie, his wife and their son were burned to death when they were over taken by a prairie fire which swept Major county, north of Barney poet office. PRESIDENT NEAR TO BAD ACCIDENT Washington, D. C April tt. Presi dent Wilson and his youngest daugh ter Eleanor were being congratulated today on their narrow escape from an accident while automobiling last night. Just aa the president's automobile turned a corner at the peace monu ment, near the capttol, a street car brought to a sudden stop within a few inches of the presidential motor. The Jprealdant was 6omewhat disturbed by j the accident, but did not stop. FLY STRIKE ENDS FOR BELGIUM; CAUSE GAINS Brussels, April 22. The "political strike" in Belgium, after keeping at a standstill the country's industry and commerce for. 10 days, was .today brought to a conclusion favorable to the workmen, nearly a half million of whom laid down their tools to en force the demand for equal suffrage. Leaders of the socialist trades unions and their' followers gained their chief point, which was to make the gov ernment take up for consideration a change of the Belgian parliamentary franchise with its bated system of plural votes for the wealthier and more educated classes. The whole movement was notable for the energy and determination displayed and for the excellent control shown by the men. They have not yet obtained their full demands but express confi dence that consideration of their claims will result in the franchise be ing made equal for all. Premier De Broquevllle announced this afternoon in the chamber of depu ties the government had accepted, w ith unimportant amendment, the res olution introduced by Mason, liberal leader, providing for a compromise. This means the strike will end at once. ANOTHER GERMAN FLYER HITS FRENCH TERRITORY Nancy, France, April 22. A German mi'.itary aeroplane alighted on French territory at Nord Arracourt this morn ing. The two German officers ex plained their gasoline became exhaust ed and thought at the time of landing they were on the German side of the frontier. The French officials are in vestigating and the aeroplane is kept under detention. The French ministers of war and in terior deckled the landing was un avoidable and the aeroplane was re leased and returned to Germany this afternoon. The French foreign office at Albertine was instructed to direct Germany to take measures to avoid recurrences of such accidents. SUFFRAGET IS ADVISED TO RETURN TO NEEDLE London, April 22. "You had bet ter stick to the needle and drop the revolver," was the court's advice to day to Annie Bell, sentenced to tnree weeks' imprisonment. Miss Bell was armed with a revolver when arrested outside Hollaway jail the night of April 9, during the imprisonment of Mrs. Pankhurst. "Tour advice is not of any use at all," she told the magistrate. An arson squad of militant vuffra gets early today succeeded in burn ing down Handsworth park boathouse in a Birmingham suburb. Four large boats and a quantity of equipment were destroyed. QUAKER LEGISLATURE IS IN FAVOR OF WOMAN VOTE Harrisburg, Pa.. April 22. The sen ate passed a joint resolution proposing an amendment to the state cons tit u tir.n giving women the right to vfite. , The resolution previously passed the house and must be adopted by the I lerislature of 1915, after which it goes ; to the people for ratification. TIME IN ENGLAND FAILS TO AMUSE; COMEDIAN PASSES Chicago, m., April 22. Cliff Gordon, a comedian, known as the "German senator," who was found dead in a hotel room last night, said a few hours before his body was found that any one who attempted to make an audi ence, laugh a few minutes after Sarah Bernhardt had made it weep, would die. Gordon attempted this during an af ternoon performance, and failed. It seemed tp affect him, for he remarked to the theatre manager it was the first time in years he had failed to produce a laugh from his audience. "People sat In their seats stolid and mirthless," he said. "I couldn't get 'em, (and had to quit. Any comedian who tries to follow Bernhardt will die." Gordon left the theatre, stunned at the failure of his jokes, and went to his room. He had swallowed about 60 grains of a cold cure. Heart disease is supposed to have been the immedi ate cause of death. TURK SOLDIERS IN A PITIABLE STATE Vienna, April 22. Some 16,000 Turk ish soldiers, with whom are David Pasha and all his generals, remains of the Vardar army, and refugees from the fortress of Janina, have arrived at Fiera, on the coast of the Adriatic sea. The fugitives are said tp be in pitiable 8 nape. Troops are mostly 111 and suffering from starvation. They are completely demoralized. The whole of southern Albania was clear ed of means of subsistence by various families which marched through the territory, and famine reigns every where there. Constantinople, April 22. Greeks and Servians today concluded an agreement with Turkey similar to that between Bulgaria and Turkey, by the terms of which hostilities will be sus pended for 10 days. The Grecian and Turkish governments have also agreed to begin repatriation of Turkish pris oners of war. The first batch of 5,000 has been sent to the Turkish seaport of Mer siLa in Asia Minor. French Aviator Is Killed. Paris, April 22. Another officer of the French military aviation corps. Lieutenant de Clamont, was killed at the flying ground at Villacoublay, Just outside Paris, yesterday. His mono plane overturned and he fell about 50 feet to the earth. He was picked up dead. He obtained hk pilot certifi cate only 14 days ago. KNEE INJURY MAY WIND UP WAGNER Boston, Mass., April 22. "Honus" Wagner of the Pittsburgh Nationals, is likely to be out of the game for some months, according to the "best authority." It is said his absence from the team is due to floating cartilage of the knee, and that in the course of a few days he will undergo an opera tion which, if unsuccessful!, probably will result in permanent loss to the club of one of the greatest players b&feball has ever knowa. M 1 A IA BASEBALL IN TRUST? QUIZ BEING URGED Washington, D. C, April 22. Char acterizing organized baseball as the "most audacious and autocratic trust In the country," Representative Galla gher of Illinois introduced a resolution for an exhaustive inquiry into the. op erations of the national commission by a special committee of congress. It would also direct the attorney gen eral to investigate the baseball con tract system with a view to instituting prosecutions for violation of the Sher man law. Th resolution would .direct the speaker to appoint a special commit tee of seven to investigate the "oper ation and practice of the baseball trust," ascertain whether unjust dis criminations have 'been practiced in favor of or against players; whether players now or have been prejudiced, coerced or restrained from exercise of their Just rights to enter contracts of a fair and equitable nature; whether such, a combination has been effctl among baseball magnates of the coun try as would preclude competition and operate in restraint of trade. Galla gher expressed; a willingness to co operate with any other member of coik gresa interested in any specific case, and planned to confer with Senator Smith of Georgia, who, upon request, was forwarded a copy of "Ty" Cobb's contract with the Detroit club. Smith wants to examine the terms of the contract. Detroit, Mich. April 22. A tele gram from Tyrus Cobb, stating he would reach Detroit Thursday, was received todar by one of Cobb's as sociates. It is understood here a con ference between Cobb and President Navin of the Detroit club will occur shortly after Cobb's arrival; that a satisfactory agreement will be reach ed, and Cobb will sign a contract. WISE SPARKS. St Paul. Lieutenant B. T. Scher, 28th infantry, who has been under arrest at Fort Snelling since Feb. 12 last on account of alleged misappro priation of canteen funds, has been ordered to Texas under guard to un dergo trial by court martial. Denver. The Industrial Workers of the World, numbering 100, who were arrested as vagrants here last week have been released by the city authori ties. The prisoners agreed to leave the city at once, and the local branch of the organization promised to "head off" the members who were reported marching on Denver from the west Boston. "Society dances eclipse In I boldness anything attempted in pub lic halls and are mainly responsible for the abuses developed In dance halls, said Mayor John F. Fitzger- aiu. i ne mayors statement was i maae in connection witn an announce ment that unless dance hall condi- tions in Boston are improved he will close up "the most offensive places." Hi Mind Occupied. "Sir!" she exclaimed when he kissed her. "Ton forget yourself." "Possibly." he replied calmly. "But I can think of myself any old time. Just now you are occupying my undi vided attention." Boston Transcript. DUNNE PICKS NEW MEN FOR PENAL BOARD Four Appointments Are Given to Senate by the Governor. ALLEN IS TO BE WARDEN House Elections Committee Throws Out Contest Brought Against Lee Bi owne. vVj Springfield, 111., April 22. Governor Donne sent to the senate the following nominations: James J. McGrath. I.aSalle county. commissioner of the state penitentiary at Joliet, vice Harrison, resigned. Ralph Tilton, Vermilion county, com missioner of the' state penitentiary. vice Hampton, term expired. Charles Falts, DeKalb county, com missioner of state (penitentiary, vice De Silva, resigned. Martin A. Brennan, McLean coun ty, presiding judge of court of claims. vice Stringer, resigned. Under the senate rules, the Appoint ments lie over until tomorrow. It is understood the new trustees of the penitentiary will meet tomorrow and elect Ned Allen of Joliet warden of the institution. BROWSE HOLDS OX. The house elections committee dis missed contests in the Thirty-ninth district brought by W. F. McNamara against Lee O'Neil Browne, democrat, and Ole JJenson and William Scanlan, republicans. It held the contestant had failed to make a prima facie case. Bills of nearly every description were introduced in large numbers in the house today, the last day of the session for the Introduction of bills. As a result of the great number of bills introduced the business of house was delayed nearly two honm Igoe of Chicago Introduced Gover nor Donne's bin for punishment of campaign pledge violations. Many bills Introduced concerned Tarfain phases of the automobile industry. adopts ncrr resolcttox. Representative Butts' resolution creating a commission to investigate the alleged voting machine scandal in Cook county was adopted by the sen ate 37 to 1. Coffey voted in the nega tive POPE DEPRESSED BY BAD WEATHER Rome, April 22. The pope was much less troubled by his cough to day and also was without fever. As this is the sixth successive day his temperature has not risen c.bove nor mal, physicians decided they would shortly be able to limit their vlsita to one daily. Climatic conditions evi dently have Influenced the pope's health to a great extent. Today was heavy and cloudy, and a dry wind blew from Africa, all tending to de press the pontiff greatly. In spite of this he was anxious to resume work. This desire for activity le still a great difficulty with which the doctors have to contend, as they fear a fresh re lapse. Shortly after noon, when the weather became brighter, the pope de clared he felt much better. Mrs. Parry Loses Suit Chicago, April 22. Mrs. Mame Par ry of Galesburg, 111., lost her suit for divorce against Dr. Henry Parry of Galesburg today, when Judge Tuthill ordered her bill dismissed for want of equity. Ottawa Ha a Police Woman. Ottawa, 111, April 22. Miss Viola Miller of St. iouis took the oath of office yesterday as police woman. She is the first police woman in Illinois. Her work will be principally among wayward and delinquent girls. BOY SLAYER SAYS HE'LL NOT SWING Elgin, 111., April 22. "Naw, they von't hang me; I'll just go to prison and I read stories how prisoners es caped them places " This was the comment in the jail at Geneva of Her man Coppes, 16, who Monday murder ed Mrs. Maude Sleep and her two small children. The boy clings to his story that there was no motive for the ki'ling. "When I got borne from school," M said today, "something seemed to keep telling me to shoot Mrs. Sleep, ai d I just pulled a revolver from my pocket and shot her. I didn't want to kill the kids, bat they yitffessed the shooting and I had to."