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THE ROCK TSLAXD jVRGUS. WEDNESDAY, MAY 28, 1913.
Exercises at the Manual Arts
Building Are of Exceptional
TO GIVE PROGRAM TONIGHT
Prof. Frank Bennett cf Bradley Poly,
technic and Miss Katherine
MacKay of Ames Heard.
The dedication ceremonies of the
same direction we find that it was
taken by the Jews 2,000 years or more
before Christ. Each faiher was ex
pected to send his son to school one
hall of each day and to teach him
hie own trade. This was one of the
earliest of the cany half-time school
systems that have come Into promi
nence during the history of civiliza
tion. But it is not the fact that the
fathers were required to teach their
sons trades in order that they might
earn their daily bread according to
the law that interests us most; It Is
the motive that prompted such re
quirement. "Turning now from this early social
and moral phase of the development
of the manual training Idea we come
to others which are more purely peda
gogical In character.
"In 1647 there was published in Lon
don a letter written by Sir William
Petty 'to Mr. Samuel Hartllb for the
Advancement of Some Particular
Parts of Learning." In this he recom
mended the establishment of what he
i children might be 'taught as well to
I da something towards their living as
new Manual Arts building were held I
this afternoon at the high school
auditorium. The program which had
been prepared for tho afternoon se&-1 , ,,
nrVj.tn N'i A lar6e 1CT'd I FART OF TRAIK.
as present. Including many ladies, , . . ..,
who came to hear the address of Miss After Comenlus and Sir William
Katherine J. MacKay of the Univer-' Petty and Professor Weigel of Jena,
siiy of Iowa. Ames, accepting the in--who introduced handwork for the pur
vitation of Superv isor A. G. Hill, head ! pose of sweetening learning, and
y. U...UU ana aeparimeni. 01 me Francke. who believed In handwork
locai pudiic Bcnoois. wnue tne pro-
I Francke, who believed
i because it kept children out of mis-
b.-w. v.UUDIBlcu ,uainiy oiauareBses Dyjrhipf t Rou.au and his
noted speakers, well versed in the
j Entile, the book on education which
u n, a special , cau8ed w exi,e from France. In tWa
musical number was rendered by tne j ,)POk hJ jnt8 out that handwork
ee club of the local high school. S. j thcM constltute parl of a child's
R. Kenworthy of the board of educa-, training not Blmp,y because it makes
lion presided. hl b . morally or because It Is
The program began at 2:30, with a j natural to learn by doing, but because
handwork 1b a means of mental de
velopment. "Of. the men who tried to put into
pnctlee the teachings of Rousseau one
stands out most prominently, namely
Pestalozzi. In his home school at
song by the high school glee club. Mr.
Kenworthy in a few words welcomed
the people of Rock Island to the exer
ci&es. with the hope that all would
spend a pleasant afternoon and that
al would be present at the evening
Miss Katherine J. MacKay, profes
sor of home economics. State college.
Ames, Iowa, then spoke on "Domestic I
Art in Its Relation to Public and Pn- jtalozzi takes the children out into the
vate Welfare." fields and shows them what the water
PHorEMim ben xktts aidress. (bar. done to produce the land forma
A feature of the program was the tion. The pupils get strong impres
addrcsB of Professor Charles A. Ben-tsirns and then go home and model
nett of Bradley Polytechnic Institute ' the formations in clay. He sought
of Peoria, whose thr me was "The Man-i opportunities to- relate words and'
I MANUAL ARTS BUILDING ll
' ; ; . ;
tern work was received and the two
subjects added to the high school cur-
Mr. Walsh resigned In June, 1910,
to accept a position in Monmouth and
I Clifford Tagg was appointed as his
The h'gh school classes had increas-
i ed to such an extent and so great a
demand for advanced work both in
wood and metal was being made, that
the board of. education began devis-
such increase and to provide such a!- . wooomm 01 tne.ona
building and equipment as would satis-! Bau ajnui u i. ... , u.b
WILL UNVEIL THE
Woodmen of the World to Hold
Memorial Exercises Next
At meetings held "by F.ock Island
fy that demand tor some time to corne
al Math's hall, three candidates were
Meanwhile, the Tri-City Master
Builders' association and the Carpen
ters' union had made out a new work-
agreement one' article of which
' i initiated by each ordajf. George Cook,
612 Davie street. Dnvenport, was elect-
i ed manager cf the baseball team, tox
i f.ll the vacancy caused by the res-
ing agreement one uriiuo u . - ignation of Waltpr Edstrom and all
bound the master builders to send j communication3 yarding games
their apprentices to school three ,Bhould be addressej t0 hlm.
months out of each year and pay them
the same wage as though working at An Jnvitation to participate in the
the trade. A special course of in- Memorial day parr.de was received
struction with wood work and draw- and accepted and Friday morning the
Ins. as the major subjects, arithmetic, cff iu have at lf1 one and Prob-
spelling and history was given and
proved so satisfactory that it will bo
repeated again this year.
About the first of January, 1912, the
ably two teams in line
j Next Sunday afternoon Camp No.
Si will conduct memorial services and
1 unveil the monument erected by the
board directed Mr. Hill to prepare and j Gavln at" chipplannock cemetery
urins oeiore ineiu sucu pinus a
thought advisable which, after discus
sion and a few alterations, were placed
with the three local architects.
A site directly north of the high
school fronting 125 feet on Twenty
first street and 140 feet on Sixth ave
nue, was purchased at a cost of ap
proximately $1,100. The contract forjbei.
drawing plans was awarded to O. Z. c.. C.
Members of the W. O. W. and W. C.
will meet at Math's hall at 2 o clock
and ;it "!:15 will take special cars to
he ce:rtot ry. All frieLds cf members
pre invitcl tci ;itt.rd tbe services nd
especially irenihers of the K. 'of i,
L O. O. M. a:.d Switchmen's uni n
it vr.icli sovereign Gavi'i was mivn-
much as arithmetic or history or gram
mar. FORCES SET TO WORK.
"While these pedagogic forces were
at work another, from a different
ecurce, came into affect handwork. In
Stanr we find spinning and woodwork- 1851 the first great world's fair was
illustration of Pestalozzi's method is
ta geography lesson In wnicn fes-
uil Training Idea in Education.'
Among other things he said: j
"The dedication of a new building'
Is both a fulfillment and a prophecy, i
It is the t-mbodlment of Ideals long
cherished; It is the expression of con
fidence that these ideals will be
wrought out in human service. The
dedication of a manual arts building
peems, therefore, a fitting time to re-! self. In other words, the school must
call the evolution of the manual train
' "Rousseau is Skirl to have forewarn
! the young men of wealth in France
.y raying, 'A revolution is approach-
bell 'in the famous crystal palace in
London. This fair set to work forces
that started the great art museum and
its associated school of art at South
Kensington. That same year John
Ruskin wrote the preface to his
'Stories of Venice,' the book that set
froe. the ideals that brought into be
in? the arts and crafts movement.
"Following the arts and crafts
movement there has been one more
influence which has had, and is still
having a strong influence upon the
manual training idea in education.
This is the recent demand for indus
trial training and the movement to
ward vocational education that is
growing out of it. The cry of the
leaders iri this movement has been
for greater social and especially in
dustrial efficiency. This movement
has been so vigorous that it has al-
of handwork led him to look upon it 'ready had a profound effect upon the
as a subject the most vital subject j manual training work of the country,
in the school curriculum. Herbart, J It is helping to increase the number
things and to encourage expression
"From Pestalozzi'g philosophy and
methods it is but a short step to those
of his pupil Froebel. who said that
handwork should be the foundation of
all intellectual development and that
the workshop should not be simply an
annex to the school but the school it
will be the speaker of the evening,
the theme of his address beipg "School
and Work.'" Mr. Leayltt is a speaker
of note and is at the head of the de
partment of ' vocational education of
the Chicago university. A. G. Ander
son, member of the board of educa
tion will make the presentation of the
diplomas. The high school orchestra
will render some special music for
The juniors last nignt entertained
the seniors of the local high school
at the annual excursion on the Miss- j
! i6sippi. With the weather conditions
perfect, a large crowd was present
and the moonlight trip was a success
in every particular, both financially
visor and L. L. Karns as assistant in
the high school.
The board of education decided to
add domestic science to the manual
arts program at this time and a room
was fitted up on the third floor of
the high school, equipment installed
and Mrs. Emily McCurdy appointed
as instructor in domestic science and
Cervin and the addition to the orig
inal plans of a heating plant for heat
ing the Lincoln, high and manual arts
school was authorized.
May 10 the general contract was
awarded to Collins Bros., at $60,550
and a short time later the following
contracts were awarded. Carl Weber
Chimney company, stack 125 feet high,
$1,385; Lewis & Kitchen,
tion and the W
Wengi-r will dtliver the ora-
O. W. quartet will
room 13x15 feet with built In book
On tlve second floor, west side, is
the mechanical drawing room, 35x45
feet with a dark room off it to be
equipped for photographic and blue
heating ! print work; a free hand drawing room
plant, $21,521; Electrical Construction
company, electric wiring, $2,087.53, an
art, thereby relieving Miss Dean of 1 Channon & Dufva, plumbing at
work which was seriously encroach
ing upon the time she wished to de
vote to the industrial arts in the lower
The seventh and eighth grade pupils
then spent 90 minutes every other
week in manual arts work.
In December, 190S, a new equipment
j of work benches wera installed in the
Hawthorne shop, the other grade cen-
and from a standpoint of pleasure. It j ters being equipped
is expected that about fifty or seventy- j year.
b- a workship.
"Froebel's estimate of the function
ing and the man who has a good 1 whe also believed in handwork,
irrde will be well taken care of.' He awarding it the 'place of honor along
of hours devoted to the subject; it is
demanding teachers with larger prac-
recngnized that skill of hand fs an as- with speech in lifting man above tbeitical experience; it is stimulating tne
r.ft to any man even when fame and 1
fortune have been swept away. A
trade involving skill of hand is a safe
guard against- personal want and pov
erty. "While this Idea of the value of
Fkill of hand to the Individual is not
the manual training idea it may rea-
cor.ditions of the animal,' but he look- j
et upon handwork as a method of
teaching other subjects rather than
a subject separate in itself.
"The moment the Froebelian point i
of view is accepted the need arises for
the organization of the subject mat
ter of handwork with reference to
teaching It. If woodworking, for ex-
sonably be regarded as a first tiep ;
in that direction. I ample, is to Be a school subject it wholly a
"Looking for a second 6tep In the ; must be put into 'pedagogic form' as changes in
introduction of more practical meth
ods of doing work and in a few places
even the introduction of the factory
"In a measure, at least, we have
now answered the question we asked
at the beginning, 'Whence came the
manual training idea that is embod
ied in this new building?' It is not
product of present-day
thought and life, but it
rOSTZJT CEREAL CO.. ifci.
I AmtUm Crmmi.
five dollars will be realized from the
triD on the river.
With the close of this school year,
manual training lias completed its
tenth year in the Rock Island public
The beginning was very small and
the equipment: one large bench, still
in use, and a few tools were purchased
at the earnest solicitation of C. W.
The New Food-Drink
Ii in thousands of home where health is valued.
Former coffee user who have felt the pinch of indigestion,
headache, heart disturbance, nervous Irritation, etc., have writ
ten by the score, telling of remarkable benefits following the
change frcm coffee to Instant Postum.
A level teaspoonful in an ordinary cup of hot water dissolves
instantly snd makes it right for most persons.
A big cup requires more and some people who like strong
things put in a heaping spoonful and temper it with a large sup
ply cf cream.
Experiment until you know the amount that pleases your pal
ate and have it served that way in the future.
"Thanks for the sample cf Instant Postum sent me. I had been
drinking coffee for a Ions tlm and thought it would be difficult
to gWe it up, but I was mistaken.
"While I was drinking coffee I always felt exhausted and I
weighed but 112 pounds. After using Instant Postum I soon re
covered and now am as healthy ss any person can be. I now
weigh 120 pounds and am steadily gaining in weight." Name given
by Postum Co, Battle Creek. Mich.
Pcstum comes in two forms.
Regular (must be boiled).
Instant Postum doesn't require boiling, but is prepared instant
ly by stirring a level teaspconful In a cup cf hot water.
' Both kinds are sold by grocers everywhere.
I goes back many generations. In many
(Of its fundamentals, it goes back many
j centuries, even before the present
;era; its roots are Tound in the very
! beginning of organized society. It is
not a pedagogic fad but the manifes-1
Kent, both as an experiment and also I improvement
in the high- school:
At a meeting of the board of educa
tion held April 18, 1902, it was moved
and carried, "That manual training be
substituted for chemistry in' the high
school course of study for the ensuing
school year." J. F. Darby, princi
pal of the high school, was requested
to prepare plans for bids on manual
To provide for proper instruction
in the new course, C. W. Kent was
appointed supervisor of manual train
ing and was allowed $100 to cover
expenses incurred attending the 1302
summer school at the University of
The first contract for installing
By September, 1309, the high school
enrollment in the manual arts had so
increased that an added instructor was
necessary. The board elected F. W.
Walsh as assistant in seventh and
eighth grade wood work and card
The time spent in the grade shops
and cooking room was increased to
90 minutes each week, and a marked
both in interest and
workmanship was at once noted.
At this time a request for element
ary architectural drawing and pat-
The building is 112xfl2 feet square
and three stories high. On account
of the kind of work to be done in
the shops, there are no basement
rooms, except where the heating plant
On the first floor are the following
shops, each room being 35x45 feet
and well lighted; print shop, forge
shop, machine shop and foundry with
cupola room off foundry.
The wash and locker room, equipped
with shower baths, wash bowls and
350 steel lockers, is also on the first
Between ceiling level of first floor
and ceiling of boiler room is a space
35x4a feet and 7x6 feet high to be
used as a stock and storage room with
dry kiln for drying lumber. There
is also a half story storage floor over
rear of foundry for storage of pat
terns, flasks, etc.
Half way between first and second
floors on a landing is the office, a
of same size and an extra room to
be used for copper work, sheet metal
TJie east side is given to the wood
working shops and wood turning be
ing in the southeast corner, carpentry
shop next with stairway leading both
to stock room below and storage
floor and one-half story above main
floor of shop. The two wood shops are
separated by rolling steel curtains,
tnat each may be uotd separately pr
two rooms used together.
At the rear of the wood shop, sep
r. rated from it by a glass partition,
's the machine room where the sa.vs,
planvi, jointer, etc., will bo placed.
An opening in the floor from the stock
room below allows lumber to be ob
tained as needed.
At the rear of this room are two
large doors opening inward above
which an I beam projects. This Is
for hoisting all machinery apparatus,
etc., to second floor instead of car
rying it up stairs.
At the north end of tho hall Is the
finishing room, heated by steam in
stead of an air blast, to lessen tho
amount of dust entering the room.
tatlon of a great educational current j equipment was awarded to Frank 111,
that has been gathering through the
centuries. It is the. formulation ol
selected experiences in social evolu
tion making for a richer and more ef
WHAT THK Bl ILUI.tG JtEAXS.
Superintendent S. J. Ferguson of
the Rock Island county schools and
Principal A. J. Burton of the local
high school next spoke on "What the
Building Means to the Community."
The principal program of the dedi
cation will be held this evening at
thi? high school auditorium, when
President II. H. Clcaveland of the
board of education of the public
schools of this city, will formally pre
sent the new Manual Arts building to
t3e people of Rock Island. S. W.
Searle will accept the building for
th people. The principal address of
th j evening will be given by Professor
Frank M. Loavitt of the department of
' industrial educatiou of the University
cf Chicago. The theme of his address
v. Ill be "Vocational Training; Its Aims
and Results." President Hurt of Lom
bard college of Galesburg will also
give an address. President Cleave
land will preside at tho meeting. A
program of special interest has been
Aug. 19, 1902.
Sept. 9, 1902, Mr. Darby was allowed
the sum of $1,000 for the purchase of
more equipment and supplies.
The first year's work consisted of
knifework, chip carving and element
ary bench work and was so popular
that the increased enrollment for the
fall term of 1903 necessitated addition
al help. J. C. Miller was employed as
assistant in the hiph school shop, de
voting all his time to elementary wood
The knife work was then put into
the seventh and eighth grades for the
boys who spent 30 minutes each week
in drawing and sloyd work.
So great an interest was manifest
among the teachers of the first and
second grades at this time -that thpy
organised a class in Industrial art
work, to meet after school,
i The next yjar this work, consisting
of weaving, string work, etc., was in
troduced in the lower grades, undr
the direct supervision of Miss Abigail
Dean, who had taught the art work
for some years.
At the same time also Miss Dean
introduced a sewing course into the
seventh and eighth grades that the
arranged for ihe evening ceremonies, j girls might have the training they
It will be as follows
Invocation Thomas McClelland, D.
D., president Knox college.
i Address, "Vocational Training; Its
Aims and Results" Frank M. Leavitt,
I professor of industrial education. Uni-
, versity of Chicago.
i Music Dominies.
Address, "School as a Preparation
: for Life" H. W. Hurt, president of
J Lombard college, Galesburg.
Presentation of the Building Presi
dent H. H. Cleaveland.
Acceptance for the People S. W.
"Manual Arts and Our Educational
Future" H. B. Hayd'ea, superistend
, ent of schools, and A. O. Hill, enper-
viscr of manual arts,
i Congratulatory remarks by Citizens.
Friday, May 30,
HOGUE and His IOWA
so much needed.
Mr. Kent resigned at the end of the
school year and C. W. Gilson was ap
pointed supervisor, Aug. 29, 1905.
During the years 1906-06 and 1906
07, wood turning lathes were added
to the high school shop equipment,
mechanical drawing and machine de
sign to the high school course with
their proper equipments, and card
board work was introduced into the
fifth and sixth grades.
At three of the eighth grade school
buildings, wood shop centers -prre
opened and partially equipped. To
these centers, boys from the other
seventh and eighth grade schools came
for 30 minutes each week ta receive
instruction in sloyd and elementary
J. C. Miller resigned Feb. 8. 1907.
to accept a position in vise St. Louis '
6 Days Closing June 4
Iowa official band for 20 years, representing Iowa
at every presidential inauguration since 1892 and
every governor since 1894.
30 Musicians 30
I Commencement ceremonies will be ' public schools, and was succeeded by j
' observed by the local high school to- C. C. Gruber, who remained but a !
morrow evening at the Illinois theatre, j short time.
! The class which will graduate from i Ralph McManus, formerly of The
: the local high school Is the largest Argus, was appointed la his place and
in the history of the school, there be-1 served the remainder of the term.
; ing 92 seniors to receive diplomas. The ' At this time there were "6 boys
' Junior class has made arrangements ! enrolled In the high school course In
! for decorating the theajre with the mechanical drawing and shop work,
'senior class colors, purple and gold, I At the close ef the school year both
for the occasion. Professor Frank M. j Mr. Gilson and Mr. MeMsaus reslga-
Learitt cf the University of Chicago ed and A. G. Hill was elected as super
Special Soloist, Maybella Wagner
Savage's Grand Opera in
with Harold Christina, '
Special Admission 10c