THS' KOCK ISLAND ARGUS, THURSDAY. JULY 17, T 91 3.
The War fifty
Retreat of General R. E. Lee's Confederate Army From
Gettysburg Federal Cavalry Pursuers Checked In
Hand to Hand Combat Lee at Bay Behind Earth
works Fighting Renewed In the Vicksburg Zone.
General W. T. Sherman Lays Siege to Jackson, Miss.
Disastrous Charge of Nine Hundred Men Federals
Land From Rowboats on Morris Island, Charleston
Harbor An Attack on Confederate Battery Wagner.
Br Cape GEORGE I KILMER. Lite U. S. V.
THE second week lu July fifty
years ago witnessed the retro
grade movement of the Con
federate invaders of Pennsyl
vania. As noon ns the FifUrnl authori
ties In Washington realized that Lee
had been defeated at Gettysburg, lu
the heart of the Keystone State, the
well worn message "Don't let I.ee pet
away" was repented with emphasis to
the victorious coniii,iiiid r at Gettys
burg. General Gi-oipe G. Meade.
Compared with the great retreats of
history, the escape was a niarvelou.s
feat. General D. II. l'.irney went out
on the Fairfield road with part of his
Coj-yrulit by ti e lu-view of Ecviews
i::.. : s. .v..
FiNl.Tiil .!ivi-i..n ..ii J,iiv r. :uk1 tossed!
sou.,- sl...;N in;., i!.,- v.-mis!.!!.-,' foe. but j
Av.:.-. ni'Ii'ii'. I v Mi-"ili. "nut tn l ii:: '
tin . i-niii.. : rui I..!,., s:..,:.-.. i. I.- ! I
Ifd lits iiirps f:;rtl:i'i' 'iji ::::d overtiml;
the 'nii'i-tliTsifc .;!; hi trisiiis liudiilci!
in ri'::t nir.f usi.ui nroiiiiil l
ti i..m. witli t-i:lv (i'iii'r:il Jubiil K:ir'v
i!ii-.'ii ! Li'i'i" niT !!: pursui-rsi. i
Si'ilv. l'iul;iil On- r.iiind over audi
K.i'l t!u pisitin;i was too Htroiig to be I
tarried by nssault. i
Tcdernl Cavalry Puriit.
lli'inra! .Iliil- eti Ki'.p:!: i i. U also set
out .lu'y ,r to lie.ul off I.ee with three'
cavalry hn;;:!i:es. lie str;:iU iJcneral
Melt" Stuart's troopers in Mnntvrey
I:iss ami w liile tlsliting them in front
was attaehed in the rear by a b.niy of
Lee's infantry. The dashing cavalry
mail cut his way through Sitiart's Hues
anil n.ile o(T toward t!:e I'otomac with
J.SiMt prisoners i;i bis train. Lee's
wagon were under a string escort,
eiiniiuiiiiileil by general .1. I. Iuibodeii.
KCpatriil: often attached tlir
coliliiin so boldly thut IwlKHleu wan
conipi'lletl to iuu canister to save his
Kllpatrk'U reached ILigerstown. Mh.
and found it iu possession of Stunt t.
but he did not tur:i bacU. (.'apta!:,
I'lrie I :ihl;:rei:. on Kiljiatrick's staff,
dlstinirul.'died himself by a charge Into
the street p:iel;ed with Stuart's troop
ers. CiipUiln Lindsay of Ouupany A.
Kigliteeiith Pennsylvania cavalry, had
been Lllled in a li.ind to bnnd tight
Hit. I Ialilren led the survivors of the
ciiiiiaiiy i:i n iljsh neross the public
sipinri. lie lost a leg In the exploit
and was civen u colonel's cotnuiission
Iniliden's eolnii'.n of trains was
fourteen miles loi;. When it reached
the Pot or. i a c 'lie river was st high on
account of rcent rains that crossing
by fords w.is laiposs!li!e. Lee's bridge
to the Virginia side hml lieeii destroy
ed behind him by Federals. His artil
lery, liu'liuiiiic that under Irubodeu.
was withotit niniiiiuiition. and if ever
nn nrmy wan lu h plight it was the
Army of Northern Virjnia. fncine a
r.ooled nv.d bridge'.es river with the
foe closing tn.
Confederates Turn to light.
The town of WUUam8!,ort was con
verted into a hospital f.r the Confed
erate wounded. General Jhu liu
fordji I e.'.cral cavalry ro.1e up to the
oct posts, ar.il Ii.ibo.len turned to tight
Wagoners were foni.cd In line ..n.i
officered by woum'.ed soldiers who
Were able to br.ndV a sword. Several
boxes of ntrnnu.'tinn had been brought
over from Virginia In a bont. and Im
lioden's guns met Rufoid's troopers
with d.tsos of canister.
Lee marched his Infantry to Falling
Waters, on the Potomac, little sup
jtosing that the poutnon bridge he had
left there on the march north in June
had been destroyed while he was fight
ing Meade at Gettysburg. It was gone.
ni;d the Pctomne swept over the fords
In a resistless flood. Fortunately the
lioslticn Is In a bond and could not be
attacked on the Cank. Lee fortiSed
the narrow line across the peninsula
REALTY CHANGES II
Harry Nichcltcn to Raifh tad C. C.
McDonald, lo; 15. C. O. Arenc'aieid's
First idcit:oa.'PicttEa2t View, $132S.
Edna and ArUiur V"v.-ell to H. C.
W - Vjf .... W-S'- wf
and waited for Meade or the falling of
Meade arrived at the river on July
12, and Lee stood at bay behind, earth
works Lee bail but a few rounds of
ammunition for his guns, and every
one of his res! men's had fought in the
thick of It ut Gettysburg. Meade had
plenty of everything, aud his fresh di
visions, which had not fired a shot at
Gettysburg, outnumbered the battered
battalions of Lee's army.
A Sequel to Vicksburg.
On July S, Hti3. Just after the Fed- j
eral tra.y had captured Vicksburg,
with its UH.OOO prisoners and all the
IAHLGRKN. P. S. A.. AND GENERAL- J. D. IMBO
CONSPICL'OL'S IN LEE'S RETREAT FROM GET-
I'iT.-il'lK'rur.liu of tii
".'- v "!!
e forts, with the
inns. Grueral W.
T. Sherman was ordered bv Grant to 1
to Jackson. Miss., aud drive I
the 'onfi-derate army under General i
Joseph E. Johnston from Jackson and !
H.-i.rl '.t ..lilf. OlJVl lililll LOOK i
I nun iuiii ...j.uvii men. mi inanig ien i
I eral J. Launia n's division of the Thir- !
tecnth army -orps. J
Jackson i-; hfiy miles efst of Vicks- i
iMirg ai:n in imi.! was a railroad cen
ter, with eonneeiioMs north, south, east
ami west, and was controlled by Fed
erals. In May Jackson fell into Grant's
hands, but was abandoned when his
! main army moved on west to attack
! the Mississippi stronghold. General
: Johnston promptly revcupicd the town
as u rallying point for forces which he
l hoped to gather for an attack upon
At the close of June four Confed
erate tlivisions marched from thut
point west and Innl advanced halfway
j to the Federal besieging camp when
I Johnston received news that the
fil-wtt liriil K:irrnnrliir.kfl I jtt 11 v. i n..
;-rj . .,-, zr-vr-
Copyright by the Review of Reviews company.
GENERAL J. G. LA UMAX. U. S. A.. AND GENERAL J. C. BRECKIN
RIDGE, C. S. A., OPPOSING LEADERS AT JACKSON.
Jackson, he began to fortify for de
fense. Sberninu's advance arrived on
July Otb. The Federals promptly
closed in on the city and drove the
Confederates back to their breast
workir. The city was invested from
Pearl river oa the north to the Mis
sissippi Central railroad on the south.
IJiuman's division was ordered to take
position on the south, and Colonel
Isaac C. Pugh's brigade, composed of
the Twenty-eighth. Forty-first and
I-ifty-thlrd Illinois and Third Iowa In
fantry, was selected to fill a gap be
tween the railroad and Pearl river and
drive the enemy Into his works.
A Disastrous Charge.
On the 12th General Lauman's divi
sion was ordered to make a reconnois
sauce on Its front for the purpose of
locatiiig good sites whereon to estab
lish Federal batteries. Pugh's brigade
had Lecn maneuvering all the morning
and L. II.
out lot 39, sec. 23-19-lw,
Reynclds heirs to W. W.
Reynolds, nw ne. sec.
, tec. 4-19 2e. $11.42Sfl55.
; 9 and se
I E. H. Stafford to Dc Seri
j part ne U, sec. Sl-18-le, $250.
In the UmbeK driving the Confoilerat
back and slowly advancing until th
front line had gone to the edge of somj
timber that lay in front of their works.
Colonel Pugh saw that to advance far
ther meant an assault or sure death in
open field. He ordered the men to lie
down to protect themselves from the
shells of the enemy, which were flying
overhead in a lively manner. Just then
an orderly rode up to General Lanman
and banded him an order, which h
read and immediately sent Colone
i'ugb's column forward.
"Oh, the Carnage of That Hour."
U hat followed was described in a
narrative written by Colonel E. T. Let
of the Forty-first Illinois as follows:
"Scarcely had the word been spoken
when the remnants of these four old
regiments, about 900 men In all, move
forward with a terrific cheer that al
most made the earth tremble. For
ward they go, right into the jaws oi
death, for they are facing the famou
New Orleans light artillery, one of th
finest batteries in the field; also Ma
bane's Tennessee battery, Cobb's Ken
tucky battery and General J. C. Breck
inridge's division of veterans, behind
"A section of the Fifth Ohio battery
follows up the charge, and see those
gallant boys. Every horse Is killed.
and almost every man who belonged ti
the battery has gone down in the strug
gle to help out the infantry. We look
again and see the shattered line has
reached the breastworks, and some
have gone over them into the ranks of
the enemy only to be made prisoners.
Colonel Pugh as soon as he cou'd make
his voice heard above the dl" of battle
gave the order for recall. But it was
too late. Oh, the carnage ol that hour,
the sad havoc of some officer's mistake!
Out of those 900 who went in the
charge history gives the figures that
G-io were killed and wounded. There
were a few qiade prisoners of war who
had charged over the enemy's works."
Flags a Special Target.
The Federal reKineatnl colors were
the special targets of the enemy's ar
tillery. The blue field flag of the For-ty-flrst
Illinois had two of its bearers
wounded and four killed. The last to
hold this Cag was SerRennt Samuel B.
Hall of Company F. He was wounded
twice. The last time he was shot he
fell near the Confederate works. The
Cag was sent to Richmond ns a trophy
of war and returned to the rc?iment iu
ISi'.'i. The color bearer of the Fifty
third Illinois was Sergeant Gc-orge
Poundstone of Ottawa. He carried his
flag almost to the breastworks.
When ho saw that lie was about to
be taken he said. "They can't get the
Cag unless they get me." Reaching
1 w he tore it from the staff and was
I in the act of putting it tinder his jack-
I et when a shell struck him. almost sev-
ennz his bead from ins nouy. lias
flag went to Richmond with the oth-
ers and also returned. The re 'all was
sounded, asd what was left of the gal-
lant brigade rallied around the remain-
ing colors. There were forty-seven
survivors of thi? Forty-first Illinois,
some of them slightly wounded. Ser
geant II. M. Rtreeter of Argcnta car
ried this (lag. and with his flagstaff
shot in two aiid the flag tojn and rid
dled with bullets and shells he brought j
it off the field in triumph.
Over two-thirds of the men who had
gone into the charge had been killed
and wounded or taken prisoners. Gen
eral Lnumaa was placed curler arrest.
He demanded an investigation, but ;
died without any being made.. He al-
ways said that he was not to blame
for the great loss of his men.
Other Events of the Week. j
Fifty years ago. July S. General John ;
II. Morgan's raiders. 2.500 strong, with
teu cannon, crossed the Ohio river Into ;
Tnillnn;! On -Tnlv ii flip f'oitfeterntt !
fortified post at Port Hudson, La..
commanded by General Frank Gard
ner, surrendered to General N. P.
Banks as the result of a six weeks'
siege. July 10 Federal batteries and
warships opened fire upon the Con
federate works on Morris island.
Charleston harbor. At the end of a
two hours' bombardment General
George C. Strong's brigade landed on
the beach from rowboats which had
ferried them across a narrow chan
nel from Folly island.
Early on tht 11th Strong's brigade
advanced against a powerful Confeder
ate battery which guarded the north
end of the island from shore to shore.
The column was met by a hail of grape
nd canister and recoiled at the para
pet The work was known as Battery
Wagner. It was about two miles dis
tant from Fort Sumter. Both work
fired upon the assar.ants. who fell back
to the middle of the Island and began
John W. King to Frank H. Wright,
lot 7, block 4 Twenty-first street ad
dition. Rock Is'.and, II.
Frank H. Wright to John V.'. King,
rot u. o.ocsc J, iSiac Hawk addition,
Rock Island. $1.
George Diiteos to Armiada C Cole-
man - lot 17 block 5 Donahoo & Cos-
ner's First addition, East Moline, $250
Louis E. Dodson to Harry E. Repine,
part lot 12, Brien & Lamont addition,
Rock Island. S600.
Carl A. Johnson to Otto Mortenson,
lot 160 Emma D. Velie's addition,
Paulina Depaeger et all to John
Eckennan, lot Depaeger's First ad
dition, MoUne, $1035.67.
Otto Mdrtenson to Carl A. Johnson.
out lot 18, Donahoo & Cosner's First
addition. East Moline, $1200.
H. B. Carpenter et al to George E.
Sudlow, ne J,i. se hi. sec. 27-17-lw,
Iowa Wood & Sancke to Frank Brus
so, 33.8 acres on Island "Ab," $336.
Porter, Fish & Young to O. V. and
M. M. iUndrwood, Warner's Park ad
dition. East Moline, $300.
Marie and A. C. Maas to John Kroe
ger, lot 1. block 11, B. Davenport's
fourth addition. Rock Island. $2,000.
Matilda and John Frederickson to
Edmund and Antoinette Cabor, part
lot 6, Suess sub-division, Moline, $600.
John G. Scheuerman to George
Himes, part east half, northeast quar
ter, section 3, 17, 2w, $475.
COOL RIVER TRIP
On steamer Helen Blair every Sun
day afternoon, through Moline locks.
past Campbell's Island and down the
rapids. Leaves 2:45; returns 6; S5
The steamer Morning Star will ar
rive at Rock Island tomorrow after
noon from St. Paul.
.The steamer St Paul arrived at
Rock Island this morning on its reg
ular trip from St. Paul to St. Louis.
San Francisco, Cab, July 17. Miss
Dolly Mings of Redondo has proved
herself a stellar performer at Sutro
Baths, taking firt-t in the fifty-yard
dash and second, after a hot finish, in
Though she did not win the final
event of the day, she and Miss Mar
querite Brack swam neck- and-neck
the entire distance, but Miss Brack's
hand touched the rope an instant
ahead of her rival's. Everyone com
mented upon the Redondo girl's good
"Gets-It" the Only
Thing for Corns
The Cora Core on a ew Plan Gets
Evrk-y Cora Quick and Sure.
You've tried a lot of things for
corns, but vou've still got them. Trv
the new. cure, aulck. easy, nainless
T-la-da da -da! Ertry Cora'a Gone
'GETS-IT Did It!"
?Z y? new-nlan corn cure. "GETS-
ajcn u eet r;d of that corn.
callus, or bunion in a hurry.
'-11 IS fiR fitlTa -la frlv, T
let,l, secoPas to aot!v that's all
o bandajces to stick anrt fJt JL-
uehrandTed Mg VtLttti
no more k-mvpa ,a,-..c.0.JP'astr8
cause blood ooisoH no moVe rt USi
t corns. Just the easiestthinenthf
prld.jp use - Your corn days are ovr
kETS-IT is euarameeo. It i8 safe
i never hurts healthv flesh.
V uui is uramiv IiegU.
leur crueeist tel!3 'T.FTS-tT
i cents ccr bottie cr direct if vo-i"w'sh
trom Lawrence & Co.. Chicaeo
k WV- A 1 I
Mias Dolly Mings
AT ACTUAL COST TO ME
Advanced Styles -:- New Patterns
Many can be worn the year around. Ten per cent Dis
count on all staples, Blacks, Blues and Grays, finished or un
finished. It will be well for yon lo make your selection while
the stock is complete.
Three to five days required on ail suit or overcoat orders.
1730 Second Avenue. Merchant Tailor, Rock Island, III.
OF 19 SETS A
RECORD FOR WOMEN
showing In the longer distance after
her tiring fight in the fifty.
Miss Mings is only nineteen years
old. Rather young, one would say,
for an American record-holder, for
such she i3 by virtue of her perform
ance in the fifty-yard swim.
Asked to tell something of herself,
"I first began to swim when I was
12 years old, when they taught me
to dog-paddle in the water. Then
I came to Redondo, which is about
six years ago, but I did not take up
racing swimming until about three
"My first competition wa3 with
Mrs. Dcsch, who beat me in the hun
dred, which she covered in 1:37:2.
But since then I have done the hun
dred in 1:22." There was a tcuch of
pride in that last statement.
Since her first defeat. Miss Mings
has had an unbroken string of vic
tories. George Freeth, the Kanaka
trainer, took hold of her after he
came to Redondo and to him belongs
all the credit for her development.
In March, 1912, she won the 50
yard swim at the Los Angeles Ath
letic club, and in April of the same
year she set the record which ehe
beat Saturday for fifty yards at 40
seconds flat. Then she captured the I
open-water swim for ladies from j
Ocean Park to Rose avenue, which '
is about half a mile. In September j
she set her 100-yard record of 1:22;
and her 440 record of 8 minutes and j
"I just love to swim and think .
that it is a swell sport,' she said. "I j
find the swimming here very easy i
and I have no trouble in making any
of the ' distances. How do I turn?;
Why, Just like a man, under water, :
which Is the only way to do if you j
want t6 succeed ia competition swim-'
ming. Oh, there goes the 80 now ;
and I just have to see it, so will you
excuse me, please?" j
And away she skipped, and her i
shrill cries of "Come oa, Ludy" (Ludy ;
Is Ludy Langer, the Redondo long-'
distance man) could be heard far
The stroke of Miss Mings ia won-J
In order to keep my force of tailors busy during the dull
season I have set aside
Suitings, Overcoatings and Trouserings
which I will make to your individual measurements
:-i 2ZI . i.tA',.;
derfully developed. In the long
distance events she uses a double
overhand with a peculiar little catch
that sends her flying through the
water. Her kick is a combination of
the scissors and the crawl, which she
alternates with each stroke. In the
sprint events she swims a crawl that
would do credit to any man. George
Freeth taught her that, and it was
strong enough to win the 50-yard
swim and get a new record for her.
Getting Up Speed.
"Well. George," said u Georgia man
not long ago to an old negro in his
employ. "I understand that you intend j
to give your son an education." I
"Dafs my intention, sub." responded
George. "I knows myself what 'tis to
struggle along widout learnin'. an' 1
has determined my son ain't goln' to
have no sich trouble as Fs had."
"Is your son learning rapidly?'
"He shore is. sah. Las' week he done
wrote a let tab to his aunt what lives
more'n twenty miles from yere. an'
aftwhile he's goin' to write to his
aunt dat lives "bout lifty miles from
"Why doesn't he write to that aunt
now?" smilingly asked the employer.
"He kaiut write so fur y It. sah. He
(tin write twenty miles r'ust rate, but I
tole him not t' try lifty miles till he
pits strongah wif his pen." Chicago
Marinette, Wis. Frank Tzynirk, 9
years old, was forbidden playing on a
pier in the Monominee river, but he
disobeyed, and now they are search-
FROM P U YA LL UP, WASH.
Another car of these famous and delicious berries
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On sale at your grocer's at reasonable prices. j
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and more, too. It make3 healthy children, and it makes
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All we ask is a trial boca-jse we know you will want
519 17h Sfreet
icg for his body. Frank fell from
the pier and dragged his companion,
Peter Wyngaard, 10 years old, into
tho river. The latter swam ashore,
but Frank drowned.
The Proof Is in Rock Island, Almost al
Your Door. ,
The public statement of a Rock Is
land citizen is in itself strong prool
for Rock Island people, but confirma
tion strengthens tho evidence.
Here is a Rock Island citizen who
testified years ago that Doan's Kidney
Pills relieved weak Aidneys and now
states tue result was permanent. Can
any sufferer from kidney ills ask bet
tor proof? You can investigate. The
case is right at home.
Mrs. Mary Pracher, 214 Thirteenth
street, Rock Island, 111. says: "I am
glad to confirm th9 testimonial I gave
in 1910 recommending Doan's Kidney
Pills. They are a safo and reliable
remedy for anyone to use. I had dizzy
pnd iiervoiio t-pells and my back and
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en. I kept getting worse until I be
gan using Doan's Kidney Pills. They
made me feel belter light away and
I continued taking them until I waa
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PHONE WEST 156
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