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THE ROCK ISLAND ARGU5. TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 16, 1013.
SENATOR LEWIS' REPLY T0SENAT0R ROOT (Continued fror Page Tw1t.) ct government such proportion at the Incomes bear to the wealth ot the country. And why? Why. Mr. Presi dent, there is a rumor In the air here and there, sometimes voiced by the distinguished senator from Massachu setts (Mr. Lodge) whose erudite learn- fing Is always a source of joy and a tribute to the body in which he sits. ( that Mexico broods for the moment in "the shadow or serious conflict with the United States. In such an hour, sir. If war should be declared in this country, whom will we find rushing to this capital, through their emissaries, asking for the protec tion for their wealth by the bayonet and gun, demanding to be barricaded In safety by the lives of the sons of the republic? Whom shall we see rushing to the government asking that navies be put out to the waters bordering their possessions to protect them de manding that they may be fortified with protecion in every wi6e, safe . against all assault? Tt will be these delectable gentle men who for a while linger in Ameri ca, absent from the polling booths, their names seldom seen upon the tax collector's list, while they flit from here toEurope, and there in their lux urious yachts or in speeding joy auto mobiles ensconce themselves along the Riviera in the Mediterranean in the winter or in the mountain fastness of pleasure resorts in the summer. Th'se who contribute little to this government and yet who would de rrand promptly that every man of the poor who could give his life from the farm, the factory, and In the mill Fhall be summoned to die to save their wealth from the assault of those who intrude upon the nation or threaten it with invasion. It is such as these who will be found crying for the navies with their gallant men to go out upon the broad seas with their batteries to fcavo them and theirs. Yet, sir, shall it be said that the "Senator's people" shall not be taxed because, forsooth, tliey are able to pay and are his chosen people? Shall they be exempt because they will not be able to swear off the tax upon the one hand or swin dle the collection of it on the other? The time has not come, I say, speak ing for myself, when the democracy of this country will tako anv man's property because he is r'ich; but it will allow no rich man's property to escape its just burden because it is wealth and its owner powerful. The doctrine of democracy, sir, is not that we make war against wealth for that it is wealth. The theory of democracy inn be well stated: We do not make illegal war against legal wealth, but we do make lpgal war against illegal wealth. Thero we utand. If these privileged and superior gentlemen for whom the senator elects only to speak are those who feel that they will have tills government to protect -them, that tliey will have this government to sus tain them in the possession of their riches, that tliey will have this govern-! inent send its young sons to death to I save them and their wealth, then, sir, I demand that they shall contribute to help to build the navy, to maintain the army, to save the honor of the na tion of which they are a part and many of them so little credit The senator speaks of "my people." I would invite to his respectful con sideration the fact that my observa tions through New York are those which would apply in any-tate of tliis Union. There is the burdened I farmer bending in toil during the heat of the day, w ith his blistered hands and bowed body, striving for a mere existence, lie pays his tax ot from 100 to 200 per cent upon the mere necessities of life, ostensibly in order to maintain a government, but really to give fortunes to these for whom the scntaor speaks as "my people." There is the" toiler in the milt, the man In the factory, and the man in the workshop, all with small wages, all these being constantly reduced in ' their possessions andwhose substance is being consumed for the mere privi lege of living. This man he, too, pays tho tax 'and also bears the burden of the tax that is evaded by those who nre the senator's "people." Why, then, shall not they the senator's "people" be forced to pay a little out of that which they filch from others and as sist to maintain the government which protects their wealth which they now seek to have shielded and exempted from any responsibility.' The senator says "my people" wilj have to pay the tax. What law is there here which specifically applies the in come tax provision to New York only? Where are there any people who will escape? The tax Is paid by all those with incomes exceeding $3,000, wheth er tliey are in the imperial state of Illinois or the splendid state of New York, whether in a state demeaned by the poor representation I may give my stato or honored by the magnified position the distinguished senator gives his. None escape. All, I say to the distinguished senator, wherever they are. from ice-bound Alaska to the tropical rones of Torto Rico and the Philippine Islands; from the fields of toil, w here they garner the grain in sadness; in the machine shops; In the factories, where the lives of the little ones are ground out in order that from their sacrifices privilege may coin money for "his people." Sir, I answer, they are all our people, these poor and broken lives spent with toil, and it is for these I speak. It is. for these all of us should speak. New York Is a great state. Her im perlal magnificence I certify. The grandeur of her position in the repub lic I am delighted to admit. The no ble statesmanship evidenced by every declaration on the part of the dis tinguished senator, that, too, I pay tribute to. But I can not permit the doctrine to go out that the democracy is pausing for a moment to listen to the direction of the distinguished sen ator from New York as to how "his people," limited by Wall street la the daytime and the Waldorf-Astoria ho tel at nlghtlme or capering upon the j mm shores of the distant seas of pleasure 1 1 or amidst the allurements of the tropic isles, shall be exempted from the just burdens of taxation because, forsooth, these select few he has selected as only "his people." As far as I am concerned, sir, I say I cannot see how such a doctrine can have place in a legislative hall where the doctrine is the law, just the law that equal law that applies to all mankind. Mr. President, it is remem bered that Sir James Mcintosh, In a very celebrated utterance, exclaimed In that certain great assemblage: "My lords, give me emi justice. With that, all things will be equal and just, and to all men. Deny it, and liberty will be deprived the humble, and not a crown in Britain safe from revolution." No people, Mr. President not the imperial state of New York, w ith its pretensions, nor any other has a right to come Into this chamber through the voice of any man, how ever distinguished, and demand, be cause they are that which they are, that they shall be exempt from paying their debts to' humanity. If th people of New York have been enabled, by any manipulations of any legal policy on the one hand, or any machinations of financial trickery on the other, to gather together the money of the peo ple throughout all the great West, for which I honor myself in speaking, and have been able through these means not only to amass it but to hide it within their coffers, away from the eyes of the tax-administering officers of the law, then let them understand there will be a method obtained In this government by which it will be Justly reached. If the states have failed to do their duty, as the senator well said In his splendid speech, lately referred to, no state has been more marked in that peculiar violation of democracy than the state of New York. It was no doubt because it did fail to do its duty In collecting its personal tax that here arose just such sentiment throughout this country, crying out for the very retaliation against which the senator now begs salvation. I join him in his now adopted theory of gov ernment There is no hour In this country, under a constitutional gov ernment, when any true citizen can give his approval to the doctrine that merely because a man is rich he shall be assailed and his possessions taken from him by any policy or process of confiscation. There is no place In this land for creed or statesman whose theory is that because another man prospers he shall be destroyed. THFl 93,000 EXEMPTION. The senator says this exemption of $3,000 means the exemption of all of the people in the West and putting the burden upon "his people." Why? There must be some form of exemp tion. Shall I assure the senator that he did not pause in his usual judgment to reflect on the reason of that exemp tion? The exemption 6f $3,000 is not put in this bill in order to give a man $3,000; but since the senator admits the equity of the principle that there should be an exemption, claiming $1,000 as proper, I answer him, then, if any exemption is equitable, the ex emption should be just such an amount as is necessary to the main tenance of the individual for his mere living. This in order that he may not be doubly taxed. It is upon that great army of unfortunate citizens unfor tunate because of the great oppression that has been laid so heavily upon them; unfortunate because of the yoke that chafes on their shoulders; unfor tunate because they have been sub ject to the obedience of such masters as the distinguished senator refers to as "my people" that taxation prin clpally falls. They must pay upon their bread a bread tax, upon their meat a meat tax. upon their shoes the tax of the shoe trust, upon their gar ments the tax of the woolen trust Upon their very existence they pay a double tax, and the exemption is made ' because of that tax that they must pay in so much greater proportion that the great wealhy, because the heavier tax seems to have been laid upon them. The theory is that those people should be exempt from this in come tax in order that they may not be doubly taxed. It is not because they may have $3,000 a year that they are not taxed, any more than because the distinguished senator's constit uents, having $3,000,000 a year they should be taxed. Mr. President, 1 merely rose, ob serving that the distinguished mem bers qf the committee had other things to occupy their minds, and possibly not being drawn to the observation of the distinguished senator. I arose to state a view of the democracy, that the Record may be set right; that the distinguished senator from New York may not labor under the appre hension, however flattering to his soul, that he has frightened or humili ated this side by referring to "hto people" and picturing the awful ca lamity that will befall them Bhould justice be done them. I speak that he might not think that his side could be moved from its duty as it saw it un der the laws of men, under the doc trine of justice, under every duty to its party and to the constitution by his declaration of the superiorities of "his people." I join the distinguished senator In every effort he will assume to make in this chamber, as long as he honors it with his presence. In bringing back the people of this government to the constitutional theory of this govern ment ' v We bave beard lately In a campaign, from a dislnguished gentleman who was the chief of the distinguished sen ator, the great war shibboleth, "Bring the government back to the people." But I say the hour has come, sir, when our cry' should be "Bring the people back to their government" Sir, there should be something more learned and something more known of the theory of equality upon which this govern ment was founded by the fathers, that it may be preserved to the sons. I join the distinguished senator in the hope that every movement and every act of oars may serve to pre- Wi This Beautiful 9x12 Oriental It on iVeiwet flS9E3E3 TERMS: $2.00 Cash; 50c Weekly Rio ebb feu n.B r n yhiroJ mtlm& . IiLMii p got pnnn thai a a 30f4sS.lMmtt 1 fi The only r conven tional thing about this entire offer is the size of the rug. Surely the rrice is not, nor is the quality of the. rug. Each rug measures full 9'xl2'; there has been no skimping any where. They are par ticularly adapted for the dining-room, though they can be used beautifully in the living-room, the. size be. ing standard for both rooms Like Bug ; very uectuvoxig. Two' rugs k ed alongside of each other,: and ; apparently of the same quality, may, prove to be radically dis-similar when nut to the test of service. As sured guarantee is not so much in the feel of the tex ture as in the label stamped on the back, and whenever you find the name V. J. Sloan stamped on a rug, all doubts as to its TTPnrino-mialities can be cast out of vour mind, for, as the mills in which thev are made are the finest and most modern of all, so are the pro duct of these mills the finest grade of rugs possible for you to secure at the price; therefore, we say, "Like Mill, .Like Rug." - ; We Wouldn't Think of Offering These Rugs at the Above Prices Without An Explanation If we did, you might be tempted, not without reason, to doubt our truthfulness and sincerity and to suspect that there is some atch in this offer; therefore, we take you behind the mercantile scene while we give you a full explanation of the event that led up to this offer and a complete description of the rug itself. The W. J.Sloan O- - ' rn?s ,are never sold at suction ani ar onitnarily sold In only a limited quantity of any one par- tlcular design. It was during the recent New York Auction Slarket, however, that the W. J. Slcan Company established a Vr nn. precedent to offset auction HOW Tiiey buying, offering to certain Were Secured dealers, a large quantity of thege rug8 a. an excep tionally low price. This pool of dealers in which we were included, got together and bought the entire lot and then they were distributed pro rata among the different dealers. They are now here. The rarest rug bargain we ever bought ever sold, or ever expect to sell again in a long time. . Tha richest of Oriental colorings known to tho men of the far "Eafet find themselves vying with each other for your approval in these rugs. When you look at one of these rugs from one angle, the 6oft mellow tones , of tans and browns blend- A DeSCTiptlOIl Ing Into each other stand of tJjg Rug out above all others. When t viewed from another angle the- deeper and more solid colorings predominate. There Is a never-ending change of colorings that' delights you at every turn. The tex ture is of a rich silky Quality that will stand up un der the hardest usage. While our share of these rugs was 0, about 10 of them have been sold already without a word of advertising, finding a determined owner in everyone seeing them on ouf sales floors," and In consequence, these 50 that remain should melt away fast, too fast, we are afraid, to accommodate all that would like to share In this event We are powerless, however, to avoid disappoint ment on the part of the late comers, and can only warn you to place your order early. Just. a Limited Quantity We want to 6till further extend Its scope of operation, otherwise we might have sold these rugs In the regular way at the regular price and have pocketed our saving at the auction market; but we ruled otherwise, not through generosity on our part, but because we think it good business policy to sell these rugs at the special price to ac quaint those who have never dealt with this store with the character of our business, the extent of selection In rugs, etc feeling certain that we will be repaid bj- the continued patronage cf every person buying one of these rugs. We Are Ambitious To Develop Our Bug Business It very often happens that just when the choicest, rare bargain's are advertised, you happen to be out cf ready cash, and cannot avail yourself i . : of the saving opportunity presented. With thla of The Terms fer, however, lack of ready cash makea absolutely $2.00 C&Sh - no difference.' All we ask and expect you to bring 50c Weekly with yon tomorrow is $2.00. You will not be asked . to pay down one penny more. The rug will be delivered to your home immediately and you need pay but 50c weekly thereafter until the $18.50 la paid. And in the meantime you will bave bad the joy and satisfaction from (he rug on your floor, - - People just going to house keeping should see our little Princess Outfit. Four rooms furnished complete, $185. . If you ; are looking for cheaper or-a higher price rug you can find it here, al special prices. SEE serve the line of demarcation between the right and privilege of the states on the one hand and the privilege of the federal government on the other. That we may not teach the multitude that they bave the right, under the name of the national government, to Intrude upon the states, depriving them of any government, robbing them of the right of their clt'-iens to home rule. Let us try again to edu cate the people in the doctrine of the fathers, that they may not have to hearken to these protests from dis tinguished sources, warning states that the are liable to destruction by 1 . - - j , . i ... i i.... h,.t-Anfiir (tin nnor md exemp indulge the false creed that if they ing the rich. Let ua teach the otnef shall not do their duty as some out- and nobler creed of the Christ, ot .. . .i .i. . .v,, o. .n rMnvbr ot oersous, anf tt fn IKum that Ih.v .ra rirht HM BO resnecter of persons, an4 their own bands, through their own threatened with the federal govrn-J say with Lord Mausneia, ai. uw carelessness and the usurpation of meat chastising them, by a system of be done, though the; heavens lau. ' - jfcv '.Mi5 4 f J