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ROCK ISLAND ARGUS. SATURDAY, MAY 23. 1014.
The War Fifty Years Ago
Stirring Events In North Carolina Confederates Bring
, Out a New Ironclad Ram Plan to Wrest the State
From Federal Control Land and Water Attack at
. Plymouth Still Unfinished, the Albemarle Attacks
Two Federal Ships Sinking of the Wooden Gunboat
Southfield Fatal Rebound of a Federal Shell.
Land Force of Confederates Attacks Plymouth.
Town and Forts Defending It Taken by Storm.
.By CaoCCEORCE L. KILMER. Late U.S. V.
klFTY years ago tbe third week
In April the long calm which
bad rested over tbe seat of con-
a; . flirt lu North Carolina -was
broken by a chain or stirring events
on land and water on tl:c lower Roan
oke. Tbe capture of H.itteras inlet.
Roanoke island and the adjacent region
-JJ General A. E. Burnside's expedi
tion of 1W2 closed .1 long stretch of
coast, as well as the Albemarle and
Pamlico sound and the mouth of tbe
Bonnoke river. ti the Confederate.
The conquests of Buruside had been
-followed by occupation of Plymouth
cd Newbern by fortified post of
uiar!e was coming down the river.
The high spring fl!9 "ould allow her
to pass orer obstructions which tbf
Federals had placed In tbe channel
three mile above. Tbe ram. In fact,
readied the obstruction formed of
ir km vessels, pile and ttrpedoes
about midnight and was discovered by
tbe Federal .pickets. She was not vet
completed and actually went Into bat
tle with workmen driving bolts along
side of fighting tars handling tbe gun.
During the night of the ISth Captain
John W. Cooke, who bad stayed by tbe
new monster from the moment ber keel
was laid, ventured out In a small life
boat to recoonolter the situation at tbe
dam and around tbe town. He found
the flremom and entangling the mm
with her victim. So far did the ram"
prow enter the side of the Nouthfield
that her forward chain plates cauglil
on the ends of broken timbers, and tbe
sinking bout curried .the mouBterdown
until water flowed Into ber Krts like
Fortunately for Captain Cooke, the
river was nt so' deep but that the
sinking Southtleld soon touched on tbe
Imttoiu and. turning her top toward
shore, wrenched herself loose from the
rani's chains. As soon as the Albe
marle was free from the embrace o
her sinking victim she came to an even
keel and found herself alongside the
Miami, whose rapidly delivered mis
sties produced barely a dent In tbe two
Inch Iron plates.
by Revlaw of Reviews company.
"GENERAL R F. HOKE. C. S. A.. AND GENERAL IT. W. WESSELLS.
U. S. A.. OPPOSING LEADERS AT PLYMOUTH.
. Feder trr-op. and formidable Federal
fleets rde i;jxn the sounds ami river.
XLe Cotfetlerate war vessels m
, those waters h.-..l been annihilated in
Connection with Burnside's operations.
and thenceforth until 1SU4 no Confed
erate fine was tiiinir from the mast in
brond daylight north of Wilmington.
a.- The rule f the sound by the Fed
.neral fleet was by no means to the Jik
1ng of the i.'.mfe.lerates. But the coast
'.was too well guarded to permit any
respectable war craft to get in. The
old ones had leen destroyed or cap-
- tared, and there were no yards and
ab'p at band where new ones could be
t Federal guns frowned from fortress
-walls on Plymouth and Newbern.
. and Federal vessels rode In their har
bors. With occasional attempts on the
part of tbe Confederates to end this
unequal state of things two years pass
ed. Orders had been given to con
struct vessels in tbe upper waters of I
The state, but the work went on slow
ly, and In the winter of 1.84 It was
"decided at Richmond to commence re-
f deeming North Carolina.
-r The Iron Bam Albemarle
! A general attempt was decided upon
to secure the Important Federal posts
mtoog tbe whole coast, and a force tin-
rJer General R. F. Hoke was directed
"Upon Plymouth. The place was d
Mended by General H. W. Weesells
jrltb. about 2,500 Infantry, and in the
Tlver -were the wooden gunboats Soutb-
' field and Miami and an Improvised war
(vessel, the Bombshell, mounting three
rpiecea. General Hoke began bis opera
Son on tbe 10th of April and nrged
commander of tbe ram Albemarle
uto hasten down the fiver and assail
(the Federal ships.
6- Tbe Albemarle was a brand new con-
on of pine beams and Iron ribs,
which was Intended to Imitate tbe
err! mac and tmub the numerous
11 wooden ships of tbe Federals In
bemarle sound. Tbe new ram bad
n bunt during 153 far up Roanoke
river, the' enterprise belnir attended
twith great difficulties owing to tbe ac-
JMTlty of the r ederabi, who were tnaa-
rter of all that region. The keel was
In a cornfield, with a country
cksmltfrs outfit for implements. All
e plantations in tbe vicinity were
taearcbed for metal that could be turn-
i t. . i .a
rl IUIW T.A I 7 IV( XVIII V II II 1 1 J.
Tbe region where tbe keel was laid
Jafforded. no thine; bat pine, and to e-
jenre timbers portable sawmills were
Iran about tbe country to pick out su lt-
lab treea. Tbe ressel was 132 feet
Bor; nd 45 wide at tbe estreme. Her
Idepth .was nine feet and ber draft
fwlien ironed and armed about eight
(feet. Her armor waa two conrsea of
Iron seren Inches wide and two Inches
)thJck laid on sixteen Inches of wooden
.backing. Tbe Iron for the armor was
(rolled at the Tredegar works In Rirh-
Imoiid, but tbe crude material was dlf
lllcult to get. and use was made of such
a.'d plecee as could be picked up.
j Fighting' Begins at Plymouth
J TVben at last the ram waa ready for
trial It was plannrd by the Confeder
atcs to make n land attack at Tlym
out!), near the mouth cf the Roanoke,
-wjfii the aid of the rata to silence tbe
Federal sh!;m In the river namely, the
'Miami, mounting e!g!;t guns, and tbe
fvuflj field, rnoiifitiijr seven, each ves
sel carrying a buirdred xjun!er Par
roft rifle. These Fhlpn were foiumar.d
ed by Lleufenm t ('. W. FJusser, who
t;-I the Mlaiii ;is Ms flagship.
yiuiwrr h.id l-n vrned that the
lnw ram was sl.nt coiiipl--t-1. and
the water ien feet deep over tbe olv
structlons. It was time for the Albe
marle to act.
Ham's Impenetrable Armor.
Returning to the ram. Captain Cooke
care orders to get up steam, and at
dawn the treat, lumbering era ft floated
over the dam under fire fr in Fort
Warren, which bad been built onshore
to play iiikjii any vessel caught in tin
obstructions. The fire of this fort was
not returned by the ram. neither that
of Fort Westell, lower down, which
mounted heavy guns and would have
sunk i wooden ship in two minutes.
Fpon the iron shield of the Albemarle
these missiles pounded harmlessly.
Shortly after passing Fort Wessells
Captain Cooke sighted two Federal
steamers moving up the river abreast
and taking the center of the channel.
The outlook was for a collision and
fight at once, for the channel was nar
row, an J Flusser bad fastened thi
Southtleld and Miami together witS
long spars and chains for the purjiose
of getting the ram at a disadvantage at
the first encounter.
Flusses was a sailor of daring and in
genuity, resembling in this respect the
valiant Gushing, who was one dav to
Fatal Rebound of a
Flusser thought tbat be bad tbe ram
Just where he wanted ber In spite of
the fact that be bad lost one ship in
tbe encounter. The vessels were so
close that be fired a shell with a ten
second ftme against tbe straight Iron
shield confronting tbe rnuzile of his
gun. Pulling tbe lanyard himself, he
was torn to pieces by his own shell be
fore he had time to drop tbe string, for
the shot striking the Iron plate at a
straight angle, rebounded to the start
ing point and burst over the gun which
Even the death of tbe heroic com
mander and tbe loss of a consort did
not crush the fighting spirit of tbe
Miami's crew. Boarders were called
away instantly, and the eager men
rushed to tbe rail to jump to tbe broad
decks of tbe ram, but tbe Confederate
tars were equally alert. With muskets
loaded below , and banded up they
poured a fearful storm of bullets upon
the gallant fellows of the Miami.
With the repulse of the boarders fur
ther fighting on tbe part of tbe Miami
was hopeless. Being a swift fclde
wheeler. she turned easily and suc
ceeded in dodging the beak of the ram
As she sped down the river she fired
with every gun that would bear on the
Storming and Fall of Plymouth.
At last the Roanoke river was clear
ed of Federal vessels, and General
Hoke promptly put new vigor into his
operations on land. His troops had
assailed Fort Warren on the 17th. The
Bombshell came to the assistance of
the garrison, but was soon disabled by
a shell and fell into the bands of the
Fort Warren held out. and Hoke
next attacked Fort Wessells. Al
though charge after charge was re
pulsed, the Confederates were able to
surround tbe work with superior num
bers, and on the lM.li that work sur
rendered. Abreast of the town along
tbe river was a long line of breast
works connected by redoubts, tbe
strongest of which was Fort Williams.
Hoke brought his batteries to within
l,10i yards of the works. Sending
General Matthew Ransom, with his
Norti Carolina brigade, to assail the
Federal left, he led In person tw-o bn
gades against tbe Federal right.
Both tbe assault and the defense
were desperate In the extreme. The
Confederates pressed on in face of a
murderous fire and finally carried two
of the redoubts in the line, capturing
tbe defenders and eight guns. Confed
orates now entered the town, but Fort
Williams was able to euQIude their
lines with grape and cnuister.
Rallying with superb braverv. the
Confederates soon enveloped Fort Wil
lianis and silenced its fire with their
batteries. It was compelled to yield
Then the breastworks were untenable.
and all the remaining forces surren
dered, m ikinir the total prisoners about
1.500. Wessells" casualties In fizbting
were about a hundred, and Hoke lost
COO or ot in sustaining the attacks.
Piirsnsnt to plan, he promptly march-
utmrd.iM.Ue ccmniniKleT ! tbej No. R and Champion o. ... were notn
.pl region; when It en me to Its lost, although their white officers snd
negro vrews luugui uciuniuiy m
tempting to follow tbe Ultidmao and
Juliet. A shot in the boiler exploded
No. 8, and No. 15 ran aground and was
raptured. On the 26th tbe fleet, minus
tbe pump boats snd Enstport, reached
Steele Also Turns Back.
General Steele's Arkansas force of
15.000 moved In three columns from
widely separated points. The center
column. S.(XX) strong, coming from Lit
tie Rock, was led by Steele In person
General J. M. Tbayer started from
Fort Smith, on the western border of
tbe state and northwest of Little Rock,
with 5.000. expecting to join Steele at
Arkadelphin. Colonel Powell Clayton
moved from Pine Bluff under ordera to
go to Camden, then the advance post
of tbe Confederates on tbe north.
The cavalry with Steele was led by
General E. A. Carr. At every crossing
of the numerous streams encountered
on the march Carr bad to clear the
road of Confederate troopers, who vig
orously disputed the passage. At Arka
delpbla Steele beard no word from
Thayer. But Clayton had found the
enemy in force at Camden. The place
was fortified and too strong to be at
tacked by the Federal forces at band.
While awaiting Thayer Steele ma
neuvered toward 'Washington, west
and north of Camden, hoping to flank
that position and draw the enemy out
of his Camden fortitjcatlons. The Con
federates were commanded by General
Sterling Price. Price's orders were to
prevent Steele from uniting with Banks
In Louisiana if possible. If such junc
tion could not be prevented or Steele's
movement should collapse. Price was
to join with the army opposing Banks
Price moved out from Camden, hop
ing to prevent Thayer's column from
joining Steele. In that he failed, for
waa a su
lust stages be was at the head of the
armies. Writing of It in bis memoirs,
he says: 'General Banks had gone on
un expedition up Red river long before
my promotion to the general command.
1 had opposed the movement strenu
ously, but acquiesced because It was
the order of my superior at the time
(General H. W. IIalleckl. It is but Just
to Banks to say that bis expedition was
ordered from Washington nnd he was
In no way responsible except for the
conduct of It. I make no criticism on
this point He opposed the expedition."
Banks Attacked In Betreat.
Early In April the fleet and the land
column, with Banks Id person, parted
company at Grand Ecore. on Red river,
expecting to meet again at' Springfield.
110 miles upstream, and about tbat dis
tance from Shreveport. tbe first objec
tive of tbe move. Three weeks later
the meeting took place at Alexandria,
over 100 miles below Grand Ecore,
both columns being in retreat.
Meanwhile Hanks had met with his
defeat at Sabine Crossroads. April S.
and, though subsequently successful at
Pleasant Hill, took the back track.
Cane river, a western ami of Red
r'ver, lay across Banks' route to Alex
andria, and here his enemy of Sabine
Crossroads and Pleasant Hill prepared
to Intercept tbe inarch. A division of
Infantry with batteries disputed tbe
crossing at Monette's ferry, while a
column of infantry and cavalry, 3.000
strong, "worried" the Federal rear.
On April 23 General W. H. Emory's
troops of the Nineteenth corps by des
perate effort flanked tbe Confederates
at tbe ferry and opened the road for
retreat to Alexandria, where tbe head
of the column arrived on the 23 th.
Fortunes of the Fleet.
Admiral Porter took along on tbe
SpripgOeld trip, six fighting ships as
wagon train with a strong escort of
Infantry and cavalry with batteries
was captured north of the Washita.
Shelby's troopers first attacked the
train, and were repulsed. The train,
which was on return trip from Cam
den to Little Rock, continued north,
but was again attacked at a swamp
crossing near Marks' Mills. The. as
sailants at the swamp consisted of
General J. F. Fagan's Arkansas troops.
In a desperate encounter tbe Federal
leader. Colonel Drake of the Seventy
fifth Ohio, was mortally wonnded.
. Fagao lost 200 men and captured about
Fagan continued on toward Little I
Rock. Learning of Fagan'a presence
north of the Washita and that Trie j
had been re-enforced by troops from j
Louisiana. Steele crossed the Washita
and began his homeward march. This ,
waa on April 28. tbe day tbat Porter's !
fleet and the rear of Banks' column
it j j
Mrs. Sarah Bryan of Port Byron
spent a few days with relatives this
The Misses Jessie Marshall and Ber
tha Johnson spent Saturday and Sun
day with Miss Anna Gillespie of Rock
Mr. and Mrs. George Griffin and
daughter of Moline visited Mr. and
Mrs. W. I. Johnson Sunday.
Mrs. E. Duvivier and son Adolph
left Monday for Chicago where they
expect to visit friends and relatives
for a few weeks.
Mr. and Mrs. Ed Cool motored to the
Miss Pearl Johnson is visiting her
aunt Mrs. George Griffin of Moline.
Herbert Larson returned to his
home In A.twater, Minn., after a threa
f s--.. " "" """ .
" .. TMlaew;- js ,
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...21 .&sss.v; V
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& by Patriot Publishing company. ; y"A
UNITED STATES TIN CLAD GUNBOAT CRICKET. CLOSE RANGE TARGET OF TWENTY CANNON. j Uj
. . : m
visit at the Hans Frederickson
spent Saturday in 53
Wasn't it horrible, of
course. A little pale and
white but now on earth
again and everything
looks rosy. We mean
the 1600 Block, Rock
Island, III. We even have
a bank in our block
where you can deposit
the same as any bank,
or get a loan on your
piano, rurniture, live
stock, Salaries and real
estate on weekly or
monthly payments, you
keep possession; we
take your note. We also
make a specialty of dia
monds, watches, jewelry
and loans on any article
of value. We are now.
celebrated and noted for
30 years. So when you
want a loan of any kind,
call up THE CUT RATE
LOAN C0. or the mean
est man in town.
convoys to twenty transports, carrying i the combined force was stroug enough
a division of infantry. The light draft I to drive him westward to Washington,
tin clad Cricket was his flagship. In Steele was now nearer to Camden than
the vicinity of Springfield several davs ! was Price.
by Review of Reviews company.
CONFEDERATE IRONCLAD RAM ALBEMARLE.
eeiue scores with the AJberaarle. In
tending to make It a flght to tbe flnlst
snouia ne meet tbe ram. Flusser had
lashed bis vessels with sufficient snsce
ior ine enemy's ship to run ber bow
Both of the Federal gunboats nruni
Are the moment the Albemarle hov. in
aignt. Dut the shots made no Irupres
ion upon tne Iron shield. Cantatr.
Kooice aia not reply to the fire, but re-
iien ror execution upon the prow or
DeaK or Dts ship, which was made ant
of solid oak and plated with Iron taper-
in to a een eage. one blow from
that beak would, be believed, send to
the bottom any wooden ship afloat
The Baa's Crushing' Blow.
Seeing the maneuver of the enemy to
entrap him. Captain Cooke sheered to
the shore, where bis vessel bad suffi
cient depth, since he drew but eight
feet of water; then, suddenly turning
tbe beak toward midstream, crashed
Into tbe Southfield. Having the up
stream end. the Albemarle moved with
the current, which was verv swif.
and at the moment of turning the en
gine mroirif were thrown wide open.
The riiru'fc blow was terrific ami
made a bole In the Southfield whi' b let
In enough wt-r to sink her instantly
hud she Ix-cn r.e from her consort
w.'.en ;-i:-ral K.iUi-'h !rnii-l,-i up- ; nn-J the rrun. As it was. the benk of
peu;! I (jore l!i town n flje l.Ili if
tlil.il) iia a i; !.::! t'l it tl,e ..'?-e
eu agai ust .ewuern. j acre Ue aiiif
to grief, as did also the Albemarle In
her next venture against wooden ships
j the mm bruhe thrn;h the htarboard
I b.v jf the SoijlliuVM. '.leiivtrutiug to
y Capt. CEOR.CB L. KILMER, Late U. 9.
HE third week In April, fiftv
years ago, saw tbe completf
collapse of the Red river expe
dition and all movements aim
Ing at co-operation with It. General N
I. Banks wus at the head of the expe-
aiuon. Admiral D. It. Forter com
manded the naval fleet which co-oper
ated on Red river with a land force
moving along or near Its south bank.
and (reueral Frederick Steele led on a
southward march through Arkansas a
land column which had been ordered
to Join forces with Bauks at some
point near or above Alexandria, on tbe
History hands down tbe Red rivei
campaign as a military blunder In its
very conception us well as a failure lu
execution. Its primary purpose, vari
ously set forth, seems t have been k
litl'il. Various futile attempt by
Federal fort-en to "get a foothold in
Texis" had been made previous to the
felling out of Hanks. Porter imd Steele
in March. 1SH. The plan was to seize
the htafe for the Union.
"Ordered From Washington."
When the expedition was pl.iimeu
and st-t lu iuili'u General L'. S. Grant i
after the event Porter learned of
Iianks reverse at Sabine Crossroads
and started back to Grand Ecore with
all his Meet.
After a difficult passage down the
river, the Confederates now being
free to attack, the ships reached Grand
Ecore on tbe l."th. Porter was called
to Alexandria and started with the
Cricket alone. Resuming their old tac
tics, the Confederates planted butteries
on shore nt suitable points nnd tired
on the unsuspecting ships.
On the 25th twenty cannon li bat
tery suddenly opened with shells on
the Cricket, nineteen missiles piercing
ber at the first fire. The battery bad
been cleverly established nt the month
of Cane river for the purpose of cut
ting off the Grand Eore detachment
of the fleet. Delay had been caused by
tbe misfortunes of the henvy ironclad
Eastport. Soon after leaving Grand
Ecore the Eastport struck a hidden
torpedo and sank. With difficulty the
bole was plugged and the vessel floated
on the 20th. Proceeding downstream.
she grounded after running forty miles,
and for four days the full energies of
the squadron were wasted in attempt
ing to float ber again.
Despairing of saving the valuable
ship. Porter, who had turned bauk to
assist with the Cricket, ordered her
blown up. The sound of the explosion
drew a force of Confederates to the
cene. wbo piled their rifles from the
bank upon the Cricket, then gathered
a company to board her. After scat
tering the would be boarders with well
directed grape and canister the Cricket
and a consort, the Fort Hindman.
started down the river, only to be
caught by the battery at Cane river.
The Cricket Biddled.
It took Porter five minutes to get bis
flagship clear of the fire of the batter-
lea. Meanwhile she was struck bv thlr-
ty-elght shots and lost twelve killed
and nineteen wounded. Her crew num
bered but fifty In all. half of them be
ing negroes. A shell of the second vol
ley exploded close to her forward gun.
killing or wounding every man at
tached to It and all in the nrerootu as
With his fighting force disabled and
decks deserted Porter ordered the ves
sel to run the batteries and get below.
This was done, but .the pilot was
wounded, ns well as the engineer. Por
ter took the wheel until be could get
auother pilot and engineer. tTntraiued
negroes were put at the guns, and the
Cricket again turned upstream to as
sist the Fort Hindman. Juliet and two
pump boats which were fighting the!
Darkness was coming on. and the
vessels above retreated upstream. Por
ter continued downstream to get help,
but next day the Cricket, returning
wiili the Osage and I.exingtou lu fcii
port, met the llindiii.-in nnd Juliet
J'hetie had passed the batteries in the
night. The two pump boats, Champion
- Federate In Camden.
Delayed tidings from Red river now
reached Steele. Banks and Porter
were retreating, and further progress
couth ward by the Arkansas column
would be a mistake. Steele decided to
assume the defensive and. turning
from the pursuit of Price, marched
southeast toward Camden. The Con
federates in Arkansas also heard the
particulars of Banks' retrograde move
ment. That absolved them from fur
ther responsibility as to the Red river
district and left them free to pursue
Steele. Besides, two divisions of in
fantry of the force which had fought
Banks early in April started to join
Price nnd help him drive Steele north
to Little Rock again. Everywhere the
Confederates became bolder. General
J. S. Marmaduke's cavalry, which had
obstructed the Federal march all the
way from the Arkansas river south
ward, stiil hung upon the flanks. The
Missouri brigade, commanded by Gen
eral Joe Shelby, remained between
Steele's camp nnd Camden. As Steele
approached Camden Shelby fell back
slowly until re-enforced by the cavalry
of General W. L. Cabell.
Forcing Shelby and Cabell from one
position after another, meanwhile beat
ing off attacks on the renr of his
marching column, Steele finally occu
pied Camden. Here he found himself
in a strong position, with ample sup
plies within reach. But the Confeder
ates gathered strength daily, and daily
grew bolder nnd bolder.
Federal supply trains bad been com
ing through regularly from Little Rock
and the route from Camden north
ncross the Wnshlta river, which runs
close to the town on the east, was be
lieved to be safe from Confederate
Mrs. E. Smith
Leonard Lew, Brownie Bruner,
Chester Reeves and Frank and Fred
Smith spent Sunday with relatives.
Misses Ivy Gardner and Lois Lew :
were tri-city visitors Saturdav.
Mrs. E. Cool, Mrs. F. Zimmerman,
Mrs. W. B. Freek. Mrs. George W. i
Lew, Mrs. V. J. Forsythe. and Mrs. II. ;
F. Reeves attended the R. N. A. con-;
vention at Rock Island Wednesday.
Mr. and Mrs. Opdycke motored to
the tri-cities Wednesday.
Miss Ethel Hon left Monday on an i
extended visit with her father in North j
A dance was held at the R. J. Guinn ;
)l-ma Tnaeqt. rti-nn i.. 4 . . I
joyable evening was reported by all j f.'A
Miss Margaret Gamble visited
friends here Tuesday and Wednesday. '
James Durbin, Sr., had the misfor
tune of hurting his hand badly last ;
Wednesday, a nile of hrirks Miim. i
Inn ft !
Mrs. M. Mullery is seriously ill at
her home. j
Mrs. Ora Johnson, who has been ill .
is much improved. '
Mr. and Mrs. Charles Lamb and Mrs. j
Walter Moody of Watertown called on j
friends and relatives Saturday. !
Mrs. Tom Smith of Three Forks. '
Mont., is here nursing her mother Mrs.
Mr. and Mrs. G. ('. Tarrants and!
sons of Moline. visited at the George
w' home Saturday and Sunday.
lay. i fc.
Mr. and Mrs. Perry Barher of &
l at present we
have the follow
If ing specials:
1 National Cash reg
ister. 1 Kimball upright
1 pony buggy and
1 lot household goods. 1
diamonds, watches, jew
elry end all other un-,
called for goods. Every
article good as new and
on payments if you want.
linepare spends a few days with rel-; W Wg fa C. exchange f0r
Mr. and Mrs. C. W. Tavenner of Mt.
Carroll spent Sunday at the hnmo nF
Mr. and Mrs. James Lew."
Miss Mary Reeves
The Engineering News
against the indiscriminate use of tbe ! E?3
word "engineer," which, in an ace otifcM
engineering, is Badly overworked. The ! LS
r y w -T 19
by Review of Reviews company.
OK.SF.KAt. JOSEPH BHELBT. C. H.
ALKY LKADEfc IN AIIKA.VSA3.
attack. This belief
when on the 25th of
April a large
engineering department of a railroad
is concerned with mechanical prob-tE'a
lems and with problems of equipment ! &3
anu roauDeu construction. Yet, in or-'
dinary use, the engineer Is the man !
who drives the engine. But this is a !
time-honored use. -Rural engineer'- j
and other modern inventions are prob-'
ably less justifiable
Two survivors. of the Mexican war
of 1846-7 are living In Maine. Andrew
Baker of Llmington and Captain David
Webber of Boothbay Harbor.
news all the time The
your old gold and silver.
3 1600 Block
JONES for LONES