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Associated Press Exclusive Wire H "si'XTY-TIIIKD YKAK. XO. 212. PRICE TWO CENTS. TUESDAY. JUNE 23, 1914. TWELVE PAGES. ROCK JUDGE SPEER HELD DESPOT IN HISCOURT Georgia Federal Official Severely Arraigned in Committes Report. TOBE NO IMPEACHMENT Complete Acquittal Denied by Majority. While Minority Urges Such Action. Washing. P C. June 23. "The iubcommittee rrcrets Its inability to eltner recomn n.l a complete acquittal of Judge Sprr of all culpability so far as these charges are concerned, on the one hand, or an impeachment on the other hand" Tins was the conclus ion submitted to the house judiciary committee today by the special sub committee that for months has been investigating charges of official mis conduct filed against Emory Speer of Macon, federal judge for the southern district of Georgia. The report, after an exhaustive re sume of evidence with severe com meiitfl. held that some of Judge fcpeer's official actions "tend to approach a condition of tyranny and oppression," but recommended thai no further pro ceedings be had by the house. These conclusions now rest with the full committee on Judiciary, which is expected to report them to the house for final disposition of the case before adjournment of the present session of congress. The subcommittee com prises Representatives Webb, North Carolina; Fitzhenry. Illinois, demo crats, and Volttead, Minnesota, lepub lican. Nineteen charges were filed with the commiuee. Tney allied. among eth er things, that Judge Speer entertain ed matters beyond his court's Jurisdic tion, allowed excessive trustee f.-es to a persrna! friend, used his official po sition lor preferment of his son-in-law, A. H. Heyward, abused his authority - by domestic use of government paid court employes, violated laws regard ing drawing of jurors and dissipate? bankrupt estates by appointing unnec essary oSicials and allowing excessive fees. Defies Supreme Court. j Another charge wad that, in the case t,f Ht-r.rv Jamison, a Macon necro. Judge Speer defied the mandates ofl the supreme court of the I'nited States J uia tne cirtun couri oi appeals. , The subcommittee's conclusion lows: "The conclusion of the subcommit tee deducwl from the evidence taken and from the construction of the prece dents of impeachment trials, is that at the present time a.tisfacfory evidence sufficient to support a conviction upon a trial by the senate is not obtainable. "In the conduct of tiie hearings he committf-e waj extremely liberal and did not confine the witnesses to the giving of technically legal evidence. Much evidence of a hearsay nature waa received. The committee feit Jus tified in such a course in the llht of the fact that it came to the attention of the committee that many witnesses were apprehensive fjf the conse quences of giving evidence against Judge Speer in the event of his acquit tal. This feeling and the general dis position on the part of Individuals to protect themselves against what was termed the 'wrath' of Judge Speer kept fro;n the committee the names of the witnesses and a knowledge of the lact in thnir possession. Many of the l'n.o who testimony would be absolutely necessary to sustain some of the rhargrs n.ad- are dead. Others lave removed from the southern dis trict of Georgia and their whereabouts ere unknown. "Another piia.-o of the record is that It details a large number of official acts on the part of J.ide Speer which are in themselve iKaI. yrt w.j;en lak. en to,her. develop into a system fftt)H PtF . Bproac.i a condition of tyranny and oppression. There hai ,"n an '"equitable exercise of judic al d:scretior, ,nstancpg cf wh,ch have be-.r. fre'4iiniiy rrlticizr-d where the ca.,es in wi.irh they u,re commit ted have been reviewed by tiie courts f appeal, while ln others litUants were unable financially to prosecute appeals. That the power of the court l.as been exercised In a despotic and autocratic manner by the judge cannot be questioned." Forces Pleas of Guilty. The Jamison case is one of the many iriiidnrn known iy the record where i-ie judge, witnout taint of individual corruption and with the apparently laudable purpose of purifying the coiii-n-unity and inaugurating a civic re form, disregarded tiie law and appar ently conidered that the end Justified the means. "T.i lecord shows Instances where the judge sitting in the trial of crlm lnI cases, apparently forced plea of fulity from defendants or convictions, nd there is strong evidence tending .now tr.at ln one ct,tr ui Ip.ai i 1.4. I forced Innocent parries to enter iurh I P eas through a fear of the conse-1 J Forecast Till 7 P. M. Tomorrow, for Rock Island. Davenport, Molina and Vicinity. Generally fair tonight and Wednes day, silently wanner tonight Temperature at 7 a. m. 73. Highest yesterday 81. Ixweet last night 70. Velocity of wind at 7 a. m. 3 miles per hour. Precipitation .52 inch. Relative humidity at 7 p. m. 93. at 7 a. m. S3. Stage of water 9.6, a fall of .2 in last 24 hours. J. M. SHEIUER. Local Forecaster. STRONOMICAL EVENTS. iig stars: Mercury. Venn. Mornins stars: Jupiter, Saturn Planet Saturn in conjunction with the moon at 12:24 a. m. Planet Mars close to Kegulus at handle of the Sickle, al most due west about. 0 p. m. I MAY GET PETRAS JURY THIS WEEK Alleged Murderer and Wife Ex change Smiles Before a Crowded Court Room. Geneva, 111., June 23. Tony Petras. on trial for the murder of his former, fiancee, Theresa Hollander, clubbed to death in an Aurora cemetery, said today he "liked the looks" of the 100 n.ea summoned as a special jury pan el, and attorneys began to hope the jury might be obtained by the end of the week, although no Juror has yet been accepted. Petras had his girlish wife at his side In the court room. They laughed and smi'.ed at each other, as though he had not a care in the world. The court room was packed. Bailiff Gary, who yesterday succeed ed Henry Young, today gave way to Warren Andrus. Gary said he had too much other work in the sheriff's office. Young was objected to yester day by the prosecution. quences in the event of an unfavorable verdict at the hands of a Jury presided over by the judge in the manner pe culiar to himself. "The subcommittee regrets its ina bility to either recommend a complete acquittal of Judge Speer of all culpabil ity so tux as .thono rharwwo itmi cerned, on the one hand, or an im peachment on the other. And yet it is persuaded that the competent legal evidence at hand is not sufficient to procure a conviction at the hands of the senate. But it does feel that the record presents a series of legal op pressions and shows an abuse of judl ciai discretion which, though falling short of Impeachable offenses, demand condemnation and criticism. If Judge Speer's judicial acts in the future are marked by the rigorous and iuui-aiuiv narrnness Bnown Dy mis rec- fol-'ord. these charges hang as a porten tous cloud over his court, impairing his usefulness, impeding the adminis tration of justice, and endangering the integrity of American institutions." Volstead for Exoneration. Complete exoneration of Speer was recommended by Volstead, republican Minnesota, member of the Investigat ing committee. "I do not criticise motives of my associates, but the proceedings of the investigation have boen marked by acts of cruelty, un just and unfair," Volstead said in his report. "No effort has bnen made to protect the judge against slander and abuse that could serve no other pur pose than to disgrace and humiliate him. Kvery enemy that 29 years on the bench had produced was invited and eagerly encouraged to detail grievances and supplement that with ail sorts of innuendo. Insinuation and Insulting opinions, utterly illegal evwence and incompetent for any proper purpose." In connection with a charge that Speer allowed bankruptcy estates to be dissipated through allowance of excessive attorney's fees, Volstead presented statistics of the cost of the administration of bankruptcy assets of the southern district of Georgia from 1699 to 1912 in comparison with the districts of residence of various members or the house Judiciary com mittee for those years. Tabulations taken from reports of the attorney genera! showed ' that the cost of Speer's district was 9.7 per cent, while the average of other districts listed was 19.2. SHIPS IN A CRASH; ALL ABOARD SAFE Hamburg, Germany, June 23. Th North German Lloyd steamer Koenl- gin IulHe and the German passenger teamer Cobra collided today. Both were damaged. Passengers m ere lan- d safely. The stem of the Koenlgin Luise is tov in and the fore peak is leaking. The Cobra, a small steamer, is badly damaged amidships. The colllbion occurred during the regatta at Cuxhaven. Both vessels haj a large number of people aboard, who bad gone to watch the regatta. The shock of the collision was so 4mTm that M.ap.l nacAnAra An (VlA Cobra r. ihm.n n v.o Ari f thn Koenlgin Lui.e. THE WEATHER GOOD FUTURE IS SEEN FOR LABORCAUSE John Wanamaker Says Poor Leadership Has Been Costly in Past. POLITICS ALSO HURTS Merchant Prince Paints a Rosy Prospect for Workingman in United States. PhKadelphla, Pa., June 23. 'It's an insane thing not to recognize organiza tions of labor," said John Wanamaker today, giving further testimony before the federal commission of industrial relations. He made the statement in reply to a question whether employers, should recognize labor unions on. the general question of unionism. Wanamaker said he believed labor "has suffered frightfully" in the past, because of poor leaders, but added he is seeing a better class of leadership coming in. Asked if he could supply the missing link that would bring cap ital and labor together, Wanamaker said: "I believe labor and capital have a tight to organization. On one side, capital, there is responsibility, and on the other, labor, there' is none. There you stop. Missing links. I believe to be prejudice and misunderstanding. which must be overcome. One of the ways to wipe out this prejudice is to unhitch labor unions from political parties." For Eight Hour Day. Wanamaker believed the depart ments of commerce and labor should be the last resort in labor disputes, One of the things he found wrong in labor unions was the limiting of the jUUaber of those who want IP Joaxa trades. Questioned whether he would' advocate an eight-hour day, he re plied: "Eight hours or less." Speaking of capital Wanamaker said John D. Rockefeller, Jr.. "made a great mistake when he put 'President Wilson In the position of sending troops to Colorado." Contact with em ployes is the remedy for much misun derstanding, the witness said. Re garding a minimum wage for women. u . . . , . should not be condemned. "It ought to be tried," he declared. Discussing public ownership as a means to reduce industrial strife, Wanamaker said he was an absolute believer in govern ment ownership of public utilities. Paints Rosy Future. The witness painted a rosy future for the workingman. Men and wo- men are ln a rising market. Being edu- cated, they have more sanitary sur- roimdines. and are no longer mats for r-ch men to wipe their feet upon." he Bald, Commissioner Welnstock remarked that the commission will, in drawing- up recommendations to congress, con-1 sider the wisdom of advocating publlo ownership of utilities as a means of reducing strife between employer and employee of public utilities. BUSINESS MEN TO LABOR ON FARMS Eastern Harvest Hands Desert Jobs in Kansas Because of Extreme Heat. Hoxie, Kan., June 23. Hoxie is al most a deserted village. The men have gone to the wheat fields. The rush started today, when a delegation of farmers came to town lamenting the fact that harvest hands imported from the east had quit their Jobs because of the heat. "We have got to have help quick, declared the leader of the delegation at a meeting of business men called to discuss the situation. A half hour after the gathering dis persed the town barbers posted signs on their doors reading: "Shaves and har cuts Saturdays only." The doors of the court house were locked and every county official don ned old clothes, merchants turned their stores over to young women clerks. lawyers forgot their fees, the editor placed his wife in charge of the "shop. hen the army of business men took to h-u fields. Mrs. Weatinghouaa Dead. Moss., June 23.- Lennox, -Mra. George Weatinghouse, widow of the loctrical Inventor, died today. She uffered a paralytic stroke Friday last. Justice Swayxe of New Jersey has decided that railroad passengera in that state not given seats cannot b compelled to pay fares. ill mm- Isk vic WmEZM 13 fa lm m -J-SssSf CARESSES LIONS DEVOURING LOVER Miss Adeie Castillo Will Not Kill Jungle Beasts That Ate Her Fiance. Chicago, III., June 23. Cy De Vry, keeper of beasts at Lincoln park zoo, attended an inquest yesterday to pay tribute to an undertaker. ' . The animal keeper sat through the session at 502 South Dearborn street and heard the evidence on which a coroner's jury brought in a verdict of accidental death for Emerson D. Die trich, killed and half devoured by vaudeville lions the day before. The testimony was completed and the inquest all but closed when De I Vry arose and announced to Coroner ' , Peter M. Hoffman he had a speech to make. "I want to say a word for L. C. Ball, the undertaker,' said De Vry. "He showed rare judgment in suggesting the use of formaldehyde when the lions were tearing at the unfortunate man's tody, -jn an my years of experience I had never thought of, or beard of. the use Cf formaldehyde to control wild ani mals. It is an important discovery, and one likely to be valuable at any- time. You never can tell what will happen in the animal business jtiss Adgie Castillo, the performer and lion tamer, was at peace with the brutes which made a meal of her fiance. She saw Trilby, the mother Hon, and the five murderer cubs take their daily feeding of raw beef. Then she went into the cage in the box car at Sixteenth and Clark streets to car ess and kiss the lipns. She insisted Teddy, the aggressor in the killing of Dietrich, was not to be punished. As a witness, under the questioning of Coroner Hoffman and Deputy George A. Webster, Miss Castillo was inclined to blame the keeper, George McCord, for failure properly to defend Dietrich, the manager. The jury did not con cur with her attitude. "He could have gone Into the cage and guarded him," Miss Castillo said. The lions are only cubs, and they are governed by fear." Was there Jealousy on the part of either Dietrich or McCord regarding youT the coroner asked. i "No, there was n0 possibility of it," she answered. McCord admitted he was afraid to enter the lion cages and explained that was how Dietrich came to be cleaning the car. "Did you like him get along well?" demanded the coroner. We had a lot of quarrels In the theatres about staging the act," Mc Cord answered. "But we were friends, and Sunday we had no trouble at all." "Why didn't you go into the cage and help fight the lions?" It would have been death for me to go in there." Miss Castillo is remaining In Chi cago to await the arrival of Dietrich's parents from Brooklyn. DE ROTHSCHILD IS BETTER Parla Physician, Shot By Milk Agent to Ba Out Soon Paris. June 22. Francois Prudhon, an aged man. was the assailant of Dr. Henri de Rothschild, the writer and philanthropist, who was shot Saturday right ln front of a boulevard cafe, CORNERED Questioned yesterday by the examin ing magistrate Prudhon repeated his statement that Dr. de Rothschild's scheme for supplying pure milk to the poor had driven him out of business, He regretted his act. Dr. de Roths child's wound is slight and he will be out soon. CABINET FAVORS PORK BARREL CUT Approves Commission to Map Out Comprehensive Plan of Waterway Improvements. Washington, D. C. June 23. Gen eral approval of an amendment to the rivers and harbors bill for a govern ment commission to map out a com prehensive plan of Internal waterway improvements w-as .given at the cabi net meeting today. The amendment is designed to do away with the so- called "pork barrel" system of making rivers and harbors appropriations. Reports were laid before the cabi net today showing revolutionary condi tions in Haytl as serious, and calling for immediate solution. COMMISSION HAS TO FIX BENEFITS Commerce Body to Determine Kate Reductions Incident to Opening; of Canal. Washington, D. C, June 23. That distribution throughout the country of the benefits of the Panama canal will fest with the interstate com merce commission, and not with the transcontinental railroads, is one of the conclusions being drawn today from the supreme court's decision on the iniermountain rate case. It has been generally claimed the Panama canal would reduce freight rates from the Atlantic seaboard to Pacific coast cities, and vice versa, but questions ag to what extent the railroads might allow Interior points to share ln the benefits of water competition enjoyed by seaboard cities were in dispute. The court decided the commission will answer those problems. PARCEL POST TIRES MEN Star Route Carriera Quit Jobs Be cause of "Freight Traffic." Tacoma, June 23. Scores of star route carriers ln the Pacific Northwest are refusing to renew mall contracts with the postomce department Car riers heretofore receiving $300 to ?60 annually are retiring ln disgust or m sUtlng on $5,000, 110.000 or 915,000 yearly. Aa a result of the parcel post law they have been delivering sugar, flour, lumber and rfther freight throughout counties distant from rail roads and btuamer. Champnlgn. 111.. June 23. William DuUbon, d years old. was killed at Jvesdule, Champaign county, heu an automobile driven by his grandfather turned turtle. Janeaville, Wis., June 23. Michael Murphy, aged 8-4, died of injuries sus tained whea run down by a street car, MAKING SUMMER RESORTS SECURE State Board of Health Starts a Sanitary Survey of Illi nois Outing: Spots. Springfield, 111., June 23. There is an abundance of evidence on file in many health offices throughout the country substantiating the charge that summer resorts - are common sources of typhoid fever infections. For in stance, last year following the two- month summer vacation period, the Chicago health authorities after care ful investigation of every case of ty phoid fever reported in that city, found that 40 per cent of the September ty phoid fever cases were extra-urban infections, the evidence in many cases pointing clearly to summering places as sources Of the trouble. Many other cities nave voiced similar charges. It stands to reason that places with out practically any sanitary supervi sion are bound to be sources of dan ger to those who assemble there, even for a brief time. Polluted water sup plies, uninspected milk and food sup plies, antiquated and neglected toilet facilities, improper methods of garbage disposal and, as often is the case, dis charging of sewage into the source of water supply, are the grosser evila which in whole or in part may be found to prevail at most any summer resort. These are conditions which call for Immediate correction; the hundreds of thousands or visitors at Illinois resorts yearly must be safeguarded. The Illinois state board- of health, with the approval of Governor Dunne, proposes to see that they are correct ed and for that purpose inspectors have already begun a sanitary survey of the resorts ln this state. Adjoining states have previously done a little in this line. Reasonable time Is, of course, to be given public resort owners to make the corrections ordered. On failure to comply with the orders issued, with in the allowed time, steeps will be taken to enforce them and the facts of the offending resort's sanitary status then will be given to the public. It is expected that the work of in spection will be completed ln July. A reinspectlon in August is contemplat ed. So far as possible, large public pic nic groves also will be Included in this sanitary survey. DEATH ENDS BENCH TRIP Circuit Judge Shirley Dies on His Way to Court. Springfield, 111., June 23. Circuit Judge Robert B. Shirley died yester day. He was attacked by heart dis ease yesterday morning at the lnter urban station in Carlinville. where he was about to take a car for the city to hold court. Governor Dunne will appoint a successor. THREE DIE WHEN TRAIN HITS AUTO Greenville, Mich., June 23. Mrs. Roy Beardalee. her two-year-old son and Mrs. C. C. Meriitt were killed and another perhaps fatally injured when an automobile carrying four women and the boy was struck by a Pere Mar- ouotto .trgln flear bere todayt ENVOYS PLAN FOR MEETING OF FACTIONS Arrival Carranza Agents Is Awaited at Niagara Falls, Ont. PEACE SEEMS NEARING i United States Insisting on Set tlement of President by , Warring Sides. New Orleans, La., June 23. Car ranza will no accept the invitation of tho United States to send representa tives to meet informally with the agents of Huerta In any endeavor to select a provisional president, accord ing to a statement here today of Al fred Breoeda, private secretary to Car ran a a, and a member of the latest commission Carranza Is sending to Washington, and of which Fernando Calderon, leader of the literal party In Mexico, and R. F. Villavlceeivolo, an official at SaltUlo, are other mem bers. "Carranza is firm ln the attitude he will not treat with Huerta except on the battlefield," Breceda told the Asso ciated Press representative. "We are on a very Important mission to Wash ing of which we cannot talk, but It is not to meet with representatives of Huerta formally or informally." Niagara Falls, Ont, Jan. 23. The mediators and American and Huerta, delegates were occupied today mak ing arrangements tor an Informal con ference between representatives of Carranza and Huerta, on whom will rest the burden of selecting an in- ' dividual for provisional president of Mexico. Details were lacking, and it depended on the traveling arrange ments of tho constitutionalist-repre ' sentatives, who are enroute here. The fact that the warring factions are to be brought together to discuss the personnel for provisional president has encouraged the mediation colony generally to hope for a settlement There are many, however, who are no more 'sanguine than before that tho vexed question of personality of gov ernment can be settled successfully by diplomacy. It is an assured fact nevertheless, that the United States will Insist on a settlement, lest graver consequences ensue. Make Rebel Cabinet Changes. El Paso, Texas, June 23. The .re moval of General Trevtno as Car- ranza's chief of staff and of Ysldro Fabela, acting minister cf foreign re lations in the constitutionalist cabinet reported from Saltlllo, Is taken by. revolutionists here as a victory for the Villa faction. The prospective ap pointment of Eduadro F. Hay as chief of staff is hailed as agreeable to both factions. Hay is now chief of staff to General Iturbe, in Sinaloa, and won his spurs in the Madero revolution as tho hero of the first battle in Casas Grandes, where he lost an eye. He Is a civil engineer and a graduate of tho University of Notre Dame, Indiana. Fabela is a young attorney of Mexico City, and took a conspicuous part in drafting Carranza's notes to Washing ton and Niagara Falls. It is predicted Luis Gabrera, now in Washington, will succeed him. The presence near Car ranza of Hay and Gabrera would create a difference in attitude on the part of the rebel government both internally and Internationally, is the belief of local observers. Federal Garrison to Evacuate. El Paso, Texas, June 23. The fed eral garrison is preparing to evacuate . Guaymas, according to information re ceived by Minister of Communications BoniUas of the Carranza cabinet Bo- nilla is here enroute to Saltillo. :-i Mlaaing Private Accounted For. Washington, D. C. June 23. General Furaton- reported that the marine pri vate who disappeared from the Ameri can lines at Vera Cruz, June 20, is Helnrichs Thobe, lately under obser vation as to his mental condition. His disappearance caused some alarm. Fucston made no mention of the poa- siDiiuy oi me marine naving been taken by Mexicans. WIRELESS PLAYS SEA TUNS, Steamship Haara Canned Music From Yacht 200 Milea Away. ) London, June 23. Strains from a' gramophone playing "The Merry Wid-i ow Waltz" and "God Save the King" were heard by wireless on the Nelaonf line ateamahlp Hlahland Scot during voyage to Buenos Aire. The boat, was passing Vigo at the time. After t ward Jt was found the ship from which the wireless came was a private yacht 200 milea away. Mrs. Pennybacker Improved. South Bend, Ind.. June 23. Mrs. . Percy Pennybacker, president of tha. General Federation of Women's clubs,' wno suffered a nervous collapse at Mishawaka yesterday, was reported.