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THE ROCK ISLAND ARGUS. -TUESDAY". JULY 14, 1914. v TODAY'S MARKET QUOTATIONS Local and' For ei an Chicago and New York markets fur- w eak. 5c lower, nisbed by E. V. Warner & Cc. mem Mixed 8.453 8.95. good 8.60(38.97; tert Chicago Board of Trade; grain, provisions, stocks and cotton: prlvale wires to all financial centers. Corre spondents on tbc New York Stock nd Cotton Exchanges. Tri City office in auite 20. Best building. Phone Rock Island Uu. P. J. AIcCORMICK. Manager. 11 il Chicago Markets J? Wheat Gpeu. High. Low. Close. July 77 " 77H 7C Sep 77 77Js 761-2 7C"aA Dec SJ S03 VSri 79 V Corn: Xew July 69 69s S4 f.S3i-B Sop 67 s 67H 66'4 CS'iA Dec 57' 56 J oti-Ta-D Oats July 57' S7i 204 ?.6A sop s:.' ?.5u S4s :43;a Dec 68 Hi34. S5T S6A Pork July 22.S7 22.S0B Sep 20.90 20.92 20.S7 20.95 Lard July 10.25 10.27 10.25 10.27 Sep 10.10 10.40 10.37 10.40 Ribs July !1.37 11.97 Sep 11.95 11.95 11.92 11.9213 j rough 8.353 8.55. light 8.508 a5. Cattle 3.500; steady. Sheep 22.000; 10c lower. 9 O'Clock Market. Hogs IS.000. Estimates Hogs, 33.000: cattle. 15.000; sheep, 20.000. Mixed 8.45 9.00, good 8.60& 8.97. routih S 350 8.55. light 8.50JJ9.00, pigs S.OUfiS.90. bulk 8.70SS.95. Cattle Steady. Beeves 7.85 10.00. cows 3.15ft 8 50, V.ockers C.0008.00. Texans 7.008.40. calves 9.50 310.75. Sheep 10c loner; 3.50S5.S5. Lambs 6.25 Q 9.15. Closing Market. Hogs losed weak at early prices; 5c lowr than yesterday. Mixed S.43 f!'H': pocxl SXOJtS.97; rough S.35 S.55. light S.5''fiS.97. Cattle steady. Sheep weak. Southwest Receipts. Hogs. Cattle. Sheep. Kansas Cit Omaha . . . 8,000 .11.000 8.000 1,600 5.000 6.200 Ncrthern Pacific 110 Louisville & Nashville 1374 Smelters 65 Colorado Fuel & Iron '. 25Vs Canadian Pacific 1S694 Pennsylvania 1114 Erie 2S',i Chesapeake & Ohio ... 47 Brooklyn Rapid Transit 90? Baltimore & Ohio R9i Atchison 7 sffc American Locomotive 30 St. Paul 9Si Copper 69 "s Lehigh Valley 137 S, II WAGNER'S REVIEW Liverpool Situation. Liverpool, July 14. Lower Ameri can cables and weakness in Winnipeg yesterday prompted further seljirg at opening and values were half to lower. Spot market wea'x. cargoes more freely offered and cheaper of fers winters with slow demand for ward shipment helped prices at a li Local Markets x 1 Chicago Casli Grain. Whect No. r. 7$3 7!,; j Market Square Sales. July 15. One load cf timothy hay at $15 ! Two loads of potatoes at $1.50 iiS i .- No. 5 r, : rs: No. 1" hw. 7S fi70": No. i 3 hw. 77afi7:S. : No. 1 cs. SS"',fj S9; No "2 ns, 87SS: No. 3 ns. S7; No. 2 , S6fTS7; No. 3 s. S2iiSG: No. 1 vc. 86UfJ7: ;No. 2 vc. VJ37: No. 3 vc. S4QSi; No. 1 durum. S:;fM: No. 2 durum, SfiS2; No. 3 duruj!, 7S '3 SO. Corn No. 2 y, 70' 71; No. 3 y. (g"0i: No. 4 y. C93C9-: No. 5 y. tJS (3684: No. 6 y. tJ7'gC74; No. 2 w, 754 ; No. 3 w, 75 3 75 "-s : No. 4 w, 74 3 74; No. ( w, 72-2 3 73a4 ; No. 6 w. 70-5 72; No. 2 mixed. 73 73: No. 3 mixed, C9'43C9: No. i mixed. 6S; No. 5 mixed, 671i; No. 6 mixed, T7; eg. 653 654. Oats No. 2 w. 3Sii; No. 3 w, 35A 37H: No. 4 w, 3443 3C; standard. 3S3Sii. Liverpool Cables. Wheat opened j to off; closed a to ofT. Corn opened b off; closed to '4 wp- Chicago Receipts. Today. Contract. Wheat 1.155 977 Corn 105 37 Oats 162 26 Northwest Cars. To- Last Last day. week. year. Minneapolis 95 5S 78 Duluth 122 258 160 Winnipeg 224 355 24S Chicago Estimates Tomorrow. Wheat N'1,022 Corn 218 Oats 253 Primary Movement. Receipts. Shipments, i Wheat today 1.840,000 1,184,000 Year ago 1.191,000 670.000 Corn tday 403.000 556.000 Year ago 377,00'J 881,000 July 14. Following are the whole- slrt quotations -fa toe lozai market ! today: ' Butter, Egi;s and Cheese. ; Eggs, per doze a j Butter, dairy, pvuml ; Butter, crcireij. 'lounri .... . .0C ..22c .27 lower level notwithstanding unfavor able reports from Russia aid less fa vorable European progress. Follow ing opening, dull, rather steady at the decline. The movement of American new crop and the high grading with expectations liber1 clearances togeth er with private reports received here of good premiums for American ship ments are controlling factors at pres ent. At 1:30 prices S 'o lo-er than yesterday with October leading in the decline. Lower American cables and better weather in Argentina caused Belling at opening of corn market with prices 8 lower. Later there was advance of s in July with shorts covering, on de creasing stocks and unfavorable grad ing plate arrivals. At 1:30 prices to about the same as a week ago, at 2. 500.000. and shipments so far this weeE are poor. There is a feeling of caution as to the following of this com advance. The conservatives be lieve a further reaction is due 1 n all corn months. About 40 reports arrived in first mail from Illinois, Iowa, In diana, Ohio and Wisconsin. Corn plant doing well as a. whole, but rains required. Rains of past 24 hours must have been, great help. Great many reports of rust in oats and a small yield outlined. Liverpool wheat ca bles of Vz to lower are discouraging and sustain the views of those who dcelare Europe overbought Map is bearish on corn. Ohio is lift ed out of the list of dry states. Rains Toledo, .30; Columbus, .76; Cincinnati, 1.16. Small rains have fallen in Indiana and northern Illinois. Eastern corn belt continues to re ceive fine rains. Pennsylvania receives more rains. . Map is practically dry in the north west and Canada. Temperatures In southwest around 73 to 80 and in cen tral west around 70. . ENDORSEMENT BY U. S. WILL, HELP Big Manufacturers Seek Aid in Forcing Taylor System Upon Employes SAYS TAVENNER IN DEBATE Extract From Records Shows Debate Over the Matter Before Con grescional Committee. WATERTOWN II : EuUtr. pa j.iiiig stcck. pound 15c Vegetables. I Pnpclcr. tlrtmn t .mTifi. 20c Cucumbers, hot house, doz Soc-753 Lettuce, pound 7c Potatoes, bushel $1.10 New potatoes, bushel $1.50 Home grown cabbage, doz. ..' 40c 'iia9 ruions, jouna 6c Crees ouious. dozen t-unrhs......l5a Rhubarb, dizn buncbes ....15c Carrots, dozei bunches SOc Turnips, dozen bunches 15c I Beets, dozen buuehes 15c Radishes, dozen 16c Poultry. Old hens 13c Fish. perch .....4c7t. Halibut, freeli lie Yellow Pike 12c Pickerel 7c Catfish 14o Bullheads llc Trent , .f ...... lc I and central Wednesday. Drift of the Weather, Illinois Partly cloudy tonight and Wednesday; somewhat higher temper ature in north Wednesday. Missouri Generally fair tonight, becoming unsettled Wednesday; no important change. Wisconsin Partly cloudy tonight and Wednesday; somewhat higher temperature Wednesday. Minnesota Partly cloudy, local showers or thunderstorms; warmer in south and east portions tonight. Iowa Partly cloudy tonight and Wednesday; probably local showers or thunderstorms Wednesday; warmer in northeast tonight. North Dakota Unsettled tonight and Wednesday: prboably local show ers or thunderstorms; cooler in west Flounders 9c II New Yoxk Stock II Chicago Live Stock J Opening Market. Hogs lS.Of'9. Left over. 1.600; New York. July 14. Following are the clOFTng quotations on tha stock market today: GaF Union Facific 155,8 V. S. Steel preferred 1094 L. S. Steel common i0T8 Reading . 16234 Rock Island preferred 2,s Chicago & Northwestern 131 Southern Pacific 9G? New Ycrk Central 87'4 Missouri Pacific Hv Great Northern 1224 South Dakota Unsettled tonight and Wednesday; probably local show ers: warmer in northeast tonight; cooler in west Wednesday. Morning Grain Letter. Chicago, July 14. Newspapers re view the wheat situation as a bulge sale with a lower trend. They be lieve the immense masses of winter wheat moving to market offset north western damage and the Russian heat loss. After a dip today wheat should rally. Exporters say Europe has over bought. Missouri and Oklahoma had the highest temperature, around 100, on Monday. Northwest temperatures were around 88. Rains have fallen In northern Illinois. Ohio, Michigan and Indiana. Chicago corn stocks are Daily United States Weather Map U S. Department of Agriculture. Weather Bureau Chrl r Mrv.r..Chwf feVr- "DAILY WEATHER MAP --- '.-.V-.441; .. ..sc s t- .jKr tr- s X -n -3 - m 1 : - .r V f J Partly cloudy tonight and Wednesday; not much change. 5v e npon, X., -7 A JU 1 J U. BXPLANATORY NOTES. " Obwrratlonii taken it S a. m.. th irrridian time. Air prrssuxe reduced to irt levl. Imters (conVnnotu lines) pass tbrougb polnta' ef equal air rreuure. IoU:eriss (dotud Use.) pass t tiro us a puinu of equal temperature: O clear: O partly cloudy: Q cloady; rain: snow; report mlasloc Arrows lv Him ue wind. WEATHER CONDITIONS. The low. shown yesterday over Wis-j Boston OBSERVATIONS. High. .. 92 eonin has moved slowly southeast ward to Northern Ohio, causing show ers and thunderstorms from the lake region and the Ohio valley to the At lantic coast. Thundershowers in the Rocky mountain region have resulted from the northwestern area of low pressure, which Is over Alberta and Saskatchewan and from the southwest ern depression which remains over Arizona. The pressure U highest on tbe north Pacific coast. The eastward movement of the northwestern low will b attended by partly cloudy and continued warm weather in this vicin ity tonight and Wednesday, Buffalo 76 Davenport t6 Denver 88 Jacksonville 94 Kansas City 92 New Orleans SC New York S6 Norfolk 86 Phoenix 104 St. Louis St. Paul San Diego San Francisco Seattle Washington . . . Winnipeg ..... .100 . 78 . 70 . 62 . 66 , 86 . 90 Low. 60 70 70 66 76 74 76 6S 70 76 78 62 62 54 54 70 68 Prep. 0 .02 0 0 0 0 .06 0 .60 .06 0 0 0 0 0 .16 0 Yellowstone 74 65 St Paul DAILY RIVER BULLETIN. Flood stage HgL Chge. Reeds Landing 14 8.4 0.5 14 7.6 0.3 12 7.3 0.2 12 9.3 0.3 18 11.2 0.3 18 12.0 0.5 18 13.8 0.3 10 7.3 0.0 15 10.6 0.1 Lansing Prairie du Chien Dubuque Le Claire Davenport River Forecast. The Mississippi will continue to fall below Dubuque and falling stages will prevail as far south as Muscatine by Friday. J. M. SHERIER. LccjJ Forecaster. Thomas Chambers, Jr., has returned home from Minneapolis. Rev. C. M. Osborn and family will leave Tuesday for an extended visit with relatives in Kentucky. The Royal Neighbors will give an ice cream sociable and program at the hall next Tuesday evening. The Baptist Ladies' Aid society will give an ice cream sociable at the home of 'Mrs. Ed Axelson Wednesday even ing, July 15th. Mr?. Hunt ana Mrs. Toiler of Gales- burg, were calling on friends here Friday. Mrs. Charles Nelson entertained rel atives from Rock Island Friday. Blanche and Pauline Chidester re turned home from Galesburg Friday where they have been spending the past three weeks with their grandpar ents, Mr. and Mrs. H. Hanrath. Tom Baff, who was injured by a door falling on him while working in the Marsailles shop some three mon'hs ago and who has been at the Moline hospital, is eo improved that he was removed to his home Saturday. Paul Sheppard will spend a month's vacation in Anaconda, Mont., visiting his sister. Mrs. George Baxter and sons Philip and Ranson have returned to Kirk wood. 111., after a few days' visit with her sister Mrs. P. P. Sheppard and mother Mrs. Doney. The Baptist church members enjoy ed a picnic on Campbell's Island Thurs day, given in honor of the pastor. Rev. C. M. Osborne, who leaves shortly for Kentucky for a vacation. Mrs. P. P. Sheppard and mother Mrs. H. E. Doney left Wednesday for Park er6bnrg, W. Virginia, for a several weeks visit with relatives. ... Mrs. Ed Axelson entertained a num ber of her neighbors at a carpet tag cutting Thursday. A nice luncheon was served. Mr. and Mrs. Joe French spent the past few days in Burlington, Iowa. Mr. and Mrs. Chris Pollak and baby and Mr. and Mrs. Will Jones have left for England for a several month's visit. Ralph Hultberg has returned from a few days' stay in Minneapolis, Minn Miss Ada Carrick has gone for a few week's visit with relatives in Indiana. The Misses Gussie and Emma Swan son have gone to Chicago after a two week's vacation spent here. Mrs. Gilbert Walford Mrs. Tom Uernstrum, Mrs. G. F. Edwards of Marsailles, 111., are visiting Mrs. Scott Allen. Mr. and Mrs. Luther Durfred and children of Colchester, 111., are visiting Frank Sherbine and family. Mrs. William Lee has returned from a visit with her daughter Mrs. Her shey at Fteeport. 111. Miss Alpharetta Allsbrow has as her guest Miss Roxle Snyder of southern Illinois. Miss Frances Axelson of Savanna. 111., has been visiting her cousin Miss t lorence Axelson. Mrs. Ross Russel and baby of Rock Falls, ni., have been visiting her par ents Mr. and Mrs. Philip Pierce. (Sppcial Correspondence of The Argus.) Washington, July 12. Representa tive Clyde H. Tavenner is endeavoring to have the bill prohibiting the use in government arsenals of the stop watch i and other objectionable features of the Taylor system of "scientific shop man agement passed oy tne present, cou gress. The first necessary step to this end is to have the bill reported to the house from the committee on labor, which was done July 10. ' General Crozier, chief of ordinance of the war department, is averse to the passage of such a bill, and appeared before the labor committee three times in opposition to it. Tavenner's argument before the committee as to why the bill should be reported was as follows: Mr. Tavsnner. Mr. Chairman, I hope this committee will see its way to re port this bill, because I fear that if it is not enacted into law the Taylor sys tem will eventually be installed In the arsenal at Rock Island, 111., which is in the district I represent. Now, as to the point raised by Mr. Smith as to the necessity for introduc ing this system, I wish to say that there is not any necessity whatever, for the reason that the men at the Rock Island arsenal and in all the rest of the government arsenals are now efficient, as shown by the fact that they are producing ammunition and other supplies used by the war department all the w;ay from 20 to 60 per cent below the lowest prices charged by the private manufacturers. Mr. Smith. Why was it introduced; for what purpose? system first introduced by the private manufacturers or the federal govern ment? , Mr. Tavenner. Mr. Taylor developed his Istem at the plant of the Midvale Steel .Company, cne of the three con cerns which gets most of the army and navy contracts. . . The Chairman. Mas the experience of the Midvale Steel company ever been looked up by any Impartial au thority? Mr. Tavenner. Not that I know of. Mr. Smith. Is it being used in that plant yet? Mr. Tavenner. I could not say as to that Mr. Keating. " According to your statements, the prices charged the gov ernment for certain ammunition by private concerns, operating under the Taylor sysfem, was from 20 to 60 per cent in excess of the cost of producing the same kind of ammunition in a gov ernment factory where the Taylor sys tem was not in use? Mr. Tavenner. Yes, sir. Mr. Keating. Those figures would seem to indicate, then, that either the government employes who were not working under the Taylor system were more efficient, did better work, or that the private concerns supplying the government with the material were charging an excessive price. . Workmen More Efficient. Mr. Tavenner. I think both those things are true that the workmen in the government arsenals' are more ef ficient, as a rule, for the reason that the government pays better wages in the government plants and the men work eight hours a day there, while in the private plants they work 10 hours a day. Then, too, in the govern ment plants men are allowed 15 days' leave a year with pay, while in the private plants ' they work 1 2 months n the year. The better working con ditions prevailing in the government plants have a tendency to attract the most efficient workmen. The govern ment gets its pick of the men. In some instances, in the Bethle hem's Steel company's plant for in stance, according to the report of the commissioner of labor, the men in the blast-furnace departmet-t work 12 hours a day seven days a week Mr. Taylor has tw o or three descrip tions of his system. I heard him tes tify day before yesterday before the industrial commission that there is ab solutely no hurry under - his system. He stated that it was an "economic and a scientific impossibility" to over- that he was not over- ALICE NORTON STARVES TO DEATH IN PARIS HOVEL Paris. France, July 14. Alice Nor ton, an American who, 15 years ago, was one Of the best known figures in the restaurant and boulevard life of Paris and was equally well known In New York, died last week in a Mont martre garret from starvation. A few months ago she disappeared from her old haunts and nobody knew of her straits until a few days before she died, she sent word to Mme. Mis kinoff (Mrs. Jackson Gouraud), who visited her and was with her when she died, and burled her. Miss Norton was once reported to be engaged to Newton Eustis, the son of the then American minister in Paris. She was considered the most beautiful woman here. She possessed two magnificent boar hounds that followed her in her daily promenades in the boulevards and sat with her at a famous cafe near the Madeleine, where she always lunched. She retained her beauty to the end. Her tall, slender figure and gray hair were familiar in American restaurants, where in later years she usually called only for the purpose of discovering some acquaintance of her more pros perous years from whom she might ob tain a loan. Six months ago an arrangement was made through the American church to send ber to friends in America and a steamship ticket was furnished, which she refused, saying that she would not let her home folk know the poverty into which she had fallen. She later attempted to found a bu reau for American shoppers, for the purpose of giving advice concern ing dr ss and purchases in the Rue de la Faix. but failed to find backing for th" undertaking. 1 Sees the Inspiration, Mr. Tavenner: I have been study- ( work a machinist, which statement led ing this thing and working on it for (one of tne members of the commission a year or more. I think the inspir-lto inquire if a workman did not actu ation behind the introduction of this 'ally fal) from exhaustion, whether that system in the government arsenals is that the big manufacturers want this system in the government arsenals so that when their employes protest against the installation of the system in their plants they will be in the strategic position of being able to say that this system is indorsed by the United States government and if was an inhuman and bad system, if it was not all right, Uncle Sam would not put his official stamp of approval on it by introducing it in the govern ment arsenals. This system was first installed in two of the concerns which do most of the manufacturing for the United States government the Midvale Steel company and the Bethlehem Steel company. To show the difference in cost, the men working in the govern ment arsenals ere producing articles for fl.75 for which the private con tractors are charging the government $3.06. The Chairman. Have you any in formation that will show the labor cost element in both those prices or the hours-of-labor element? Mr. Tavenner. No; I have not that right here, but I believe The Chairman (interposing). Is there any information by which the work done by the government em. pl)yes in the arsenals can be compared to the work done by the employes in a private plant 7 is tnere a unit Dy which the comparison may be made? Mr. Tavenner. Since the Taylor system is in use in both places, I think you could obtain statistics. I know General Crozier has statistics showing every element of cost in the manufac ture of these things in the arsenal. 'iere the Taylor system is in use. and as the Taylor system Is in use at the Midvale Sttel company's works, think they' might be able to give you their figures. Mr. Nolan. Which they would not be likely to give to the government. Pays Handsome Profit. Mr. Tavenner. I do not presume they would. We are manufacturing in the government arsenals a 3.8-inch common shrapnel, without fuses, for $7.94, for which we pay private manu facturers $17.50. This is not an excep tion, but the general rule. For in stance, on a contract The Chairman (interposing). Does that represent, Mr. Tavenner, a proper allowance for factory expense and over head charge? Mr. Tavenner. Yes. The Chairman. Those figures rep resent the total cost? Mr. Tavenner. They allow 15 per cent to cover interest .on the invest ment, depreciation, pay of officers, and all other overhead charges. Mr. Nolan. What are you readicg from? Mr. Tavenner. I am reading from a table prepared by Colonel Montgomery, of the Frank ford arsenal at Philadel phia. On an order of approximately $2,000,000 worth of ammunition manu factured by the government itself at Frankford arsenal, the government saved approximately $1,000,000; that is. $1,000,000 on a $2,000,000 order. This comparison is based upon the low est prices that the private concerns ever did the work for. I do not think there is any necessity whatever of making the men In the' arsenals work still faster than they are now working. Mr Nolan. Will you let us know when that report was filed? Mr. Tavenner. Within the last year. It refers to work now being done at the , arsenal. Those are not old figures. They are right up to the minute. Mr. Smith. By w hom was the Taylor was a sign worked. Mr. Taylor testified that way before the commission, but Mr. Taylor says in paragraph 125 of his book in regard to his system:. . "The tasks were all made so. severe that not more than one out of five laborers, perhaps even a smaller percentage than this, could keep up." I suggest that that is some hurry. Mr. Taylor, in paragraph 293' of his book on this subject, says: "For the success cf the system the number o! men employed on practically the same class of. work should be large enough for the workmen quite often to hava the object lesson of seeing men . laid off for failure to earn high wages and others substituted in their places." Whenever a stopwatch is put on a man he does not necessarily have to work as fast as he can. He does not have to, but at the same time, there is the fear that if he does not do it he is liable to discharge, and that is an important thing to a workman, who perhaps . has no savings accumulated, and who may have a wife and children to support. He has that fear that un less he. does work to the limit he is liable to be discharged. That is one of the features of the system to make the men work faster and faster. A committee ' of congress Investi gated the Taylor system, and reported unanimously that this scientific man agement, so called, placed workmen in, the position of beasts of burden. - A committee of congress having investi gated and reported against it, it seems to me it is the logical thing to follow that investigation with this bill. A committee of congress having found that the speeding-up features of the system are inimical to the best inter ests of the workman. I think this com mittee would be justified in reporting a bill which would make effective the work and findings of this committee which Investigated the Taylor and other systems of shop management. The special committee did not have time to get a bill through the last congress, but it seems to me it is now the logical thing for this committee to report out a bill so that we can have legislation on the subject this session. I take it from General Crozier's re marks that this report did not con demn the Taylor system and I submit that anyone who will read it will cer tainly see that it does not commend the Taylor system. General Crozier. Neither does it condemn the Taylor system. Reads an Excerpt. Mr. Tavenner. Let me read this ex cerpt from it: "Neither the Taylor system nor any other should be im posed . from above on an unwilling working force." I ' think it has been demonstrated that the arsenal workmen are unwill ing to have this system installed. If anyone would see the correspondence that I get from arsenal employes I think they would be convinced of that Only three or four months ago they passed a resolution at a mass meeting of the Rock Island arsenal employes. in which they went on record as being against the installation of this system. General Crosier. They have had no experience with it. They know noth ing about it except by hearsay. They do not kno.w anything about It from experience.' . Mr. Tavenner.. Well, Mr. Taylor says in his book here that when it was in stalled in private plants the tests were all purposely made so severe that only one man out of five could Keep up. and naturally that would be enough to I frighten any man. For insUncs it man should see a gullloUne bein J!i up and he had advance infornuu from the Inventor himself that erection of the thing was for the n pose of guillotining four out cf s of his people, and that he might bmU bly be one of the four out of flvVT would naturally being averse to tu. even the foundation being laid forth erection of the guillotine. - General Crozier. That can' an 'k. perfectly well answered, if y0B iJZ time for it. Mr. Tavenner. 1 would like to nu what this committee reported 'r7 ing): "There is need for production at ti. lowest cost, but no economic neceMlt can justify requiring workmen tosxJ up to the highest point which they cu continue from day to day and froa year to year, even without injury to their health and strength. To piati workmen in a position of that kind ii to put them in the position of h... of burden, w hich are required to go froa ycnorming a given taif General Crozier. Certainly. ,n agree to that, and they are not mfa ucasis vi uuruen. Mr. Tavenner. This bill will vent the installation of these Dartim. lar features of it that place men In thi pusiuon oi oeasts oi Durdea, accorfr ing to this report. General Crozier. The report Am. not say that anybody is made a Imit of burden. Had Heard From Workers. Mr. Tavenner. This report on Taylor system was made after ther had been hearing witnesses who Ui been working under the Taylor syatem. r T j : i . Lxicatuiu&J ; There is a margin between the work performed by the loafer and the maxj. mum task for a man, and in that map gin lies a proper day s work. Wh constitutes a reasonable day's wort can only be determined by practical experience and intelligent observation. It can not wholly be determined by i stop watch or any1 other time-mean ing instrument used only for a brief period of Ume. : By the stop witch you may be able to determine the tn in which a piece of work can "oe iont, but you do not thereby alone deter mine the length of time In which it ought to be done. The time study of the operations of any machine can bt made with a resonabla degree of ac curacy, because all of the elements can be taken into consideration la making the computation. A machine is an inanimate thing it has no life, no brain, no sentiment, and no plact in the social order. With a workmaa it is different. He is a living, moving, 6entient, social being; he is entitled to all the rights, privileges, opportunitiei and respectful consideration given to other men. He would be less than t man if be did not resent the introduc tion of any system which deals with him in the same way as a beast ol burden or an inanimate machine. . , In making a time study of the oper ations of a workman, all of the ele ments can be taken into consideration. and consequently the computation cu not be made with mathematical ac curacy. There is no work that can be performed, or that is performed, that is not preceeded by a mental process on the part of the workman. The mora skill needed in the work, the greater the mental process which precede! the expression of it. So far as your committee has been able to lean, there is no method known to scien tific management by which, a tim study can be made of the mental proc ess preceding the physical act. "The elements of the mental procen not being susceptible of determination by a stop-watch time study, the study of itself must consequently be Inac curate, and the workmen are Justified in objecting to such a time study betal used as a basis upon which to com pute their day's work and com pent tion when in their judgment injustice is done them thereby." General Crozier. We all agree to most of those sentiments. The fa era! run of them anybody can acre with. Mr. Keating. Who drafted this re port? Two Now In Cabinet, . Mr. Tavenner. Three members of th house, two of whom are now member! of President Wilson's cabinet Mr. Wilson and Mr. Redfleld. Mr. Keating. Did the commiuet recommend aHy legislation? . Mr. Tavenner. The committee old not report any legislation, but ths la bor committee followed this about mnnth later with a bill prohibiting th! use of the stop watch In government Plants .......I The Chairman. Mr. wnson ju. in preparing the report here, the chairman of the labor comma at the time. Mr. Tavenner. Yes. ; j r!.n.i orminr Th a committee r noMnr a. recommends UMUCU i yj .11 . Hon for legislation upon ths sudjw- t. ti Intontion to cc UW IL 11. men a ..J demn the Taylor system, having fouw that it ought to be condemnea, would not have made that Dd ot report. Of course, no man yrm" treated as a beast of burden or -chine, and they should not b body denies that; and they nfJ that they found anything of that at the Watertown arsenal The Chairman. Did this comml"" go to the Watertown arsenal. f -:, General Croaier. i es. & The Chairman. And inspected work themselves? General Crosier. Yes. ( t The Chairman. It is after 1! o cioc- and the committee will .stand journed. BURNED IN GASOLINE TANK Lantern Carried by Lemont Causes Fumes to Explode. . Joliet, III., July H.-Desceodiu to an empty 500 gallon !?? "a with a lighted lantern. John vw ler was terribly burned and Is p' ed to be dying at his home In I The fumes of the gasoline All the news all ths Wn Argus.