Newspaper Page Text
"SIXTV-TII IRD YEAR.
Washington, D. C, Aug. 5. President Wilson has offered his good offices to all the European powers involved in war.
The president sent the following to Emperor William, Emperor Nicholas, Emperor Frances Joseph, President Poincare and King George:
As the official head of one of the powers signatory to the Hague convention I feel it to be my privilege and my duty under Article three of
that convention to say to you, in a spirit of the most earnest friendship, that I should welcome the opportunity to act in the interests of
European peace cither now or at any time that might be thought more suitable as an occasion, and to serve you all concerned in any way that
I can will afford me lasting cause for gratitude and happiness. . -WOODROW WILSON.
It was said at the White House that no intimations had been received that President Wilson's offer of good offices would be favor
Secretary of State Bryan has called a conference of the representatives of all European powers for late today, when it is believed mes
sages will be delivered supplementary to those of President Wilson urging the acceptance of the tender of good offices.
Germans Capture Town of
Vise After Resistance
INVADING FORCE LARGE
Whole Province of Liege
Overrun Neutrality of
Brussels, Aug. 5. The Bel
gian minister cf war announces j
that the fortifications at Liege
are firing rigorously at German
Brussels, Aug. 5. The Bel
gian minister of war ofScially
announced, "The Belgians are
successfully combating the Ger
man invasion. Belgian losses
are trifiing compared with the j
losses of the Germans."
Liege, Belgium, Aug. 5.
Gorman troops captured Vise,
Belgium, after an engagement j
Cf fceveral hours. It is Stated i
the victors set fire to the town
and were killing those of the
population who resisted them.
Erussels, Aug. 5. The Bel
gian official Gazette announces
that the entire 7th and 10th
German army corps have in-
vaded the Belgian province ofltersburg and the Russian embassy
Liege. They bombarded the
small forts in their advance.
Belgian Cities Shelled.
Brussels, Auz. 5. News has reach
ed here that the Germans are shelling
Llerre ati Namur.
Germany in hr note to Belgium de
clared that if BHg'um adopted a hos-
tile at,;lUao gainst the German troops
sad put difj-cu.'Ues la the way of their
advance, Germany would be obliged to
cotildVr Belgium an enemy.
In that cas Germany would not en
ter into any undertaking with Bel
gium, but "would lave trie final rela
tions of the two tiatea to the decision
A e'-atq of sfet-e was declared at the
fortified petitions of Liege, Xamur
cd Antwerp. The activities of the
fc'?ian arrrjy denote the state of war
i.:rh j;, ex;nctl to open in the in-va-ied
province of Liege.
Tiie Belgian tr-wHpaper Chronlque
announros that the lielgian authori
ties have hU-d the wireless installa
tion 6-t up by the German school in I
tte Belgian capital.
140,000.000 for Defense.
The chamber passed a bill appro
priating 140,000,000 for purposes of
King Albert of the Belgians presid
"1 yesterday over a Joint tsestion of
' Belgian he-jate and chamber of
-Duties. In the courte of an address
tiis aajesty declared that never since
130 had a graver situation confront
' a neutral nation. He said it was
imperative that every Belgian should
Jo hit outy and rbign himself to every
ac-ijfice that njlgbt be necessary In
jrdtr to prevent the violation of Bel
"- kfjig proceeded:
Our fA:.herlajid is In danger. Let me
Wi k-ppal to you, ir.y brothers.
Forecast TIM 7 P. M. Tomorrow, tor
Rock Island, Davenport, Molina
Partly cloudy and probably show
ers; not much change.
Highest yesterday, S3. Lowest, 63.
At 7 a. m.. 66.
Temperature at 3 o'clock p. m., 87.
Precipitation In last 2'4 hours, none.
Wind velocity, two miles an hour.
Relative humidity at 7 p. m., 38;
at 7 a. m., 57.
River stage at 7 a. m., 4.4 feet, a
fall of .2 of a foot in the last 24 hours.
J. M. SHERIER, Local Forecaster.
Evening stars: Yenu3. Mars. Morn
ins; stars: Saturn. Jupiter. Mercury.
The bright star Altalr of constellation
Aquila. seen in meridian due south and
high up about 11 p. m.
At this supreme hour the entire na
tion n'ust be of one mind. I have
called together the two houses of par
liament so that they may support the
government in declaring1 that we will
iiairiain untarnished the sacred pat
riotism of our fathers. Long live in
A scene of stirring enthusiasm fol
lowed. Deputies., aad senator btood
and chouted in chorftS ' fhe closing
word of King Albert's speech.
Germans Invade Holland.
London, Aug-. 5. Germans have In
vaded Dutch territory at Tilburg. It
is repirted that the German troops
met with resistance after crossing the
river Meuse at Eysden.
Antwerp Expel Germans.
Antwerp, Aug. 6. All German resi
dents here were ordered to be ex
pelled owing to serious anti-German
rioting. The city has been placed un-
der martial Uw;
French on the Alert.
Paris, Aug. 5. The ministry of war
jhas issued a statement that German
S?1? " are crossing tne
French frontier everywhere in recon-
The one-armed French general. Paul
I'au, who rougnt in me war oi isu,
hrs been placed In command of one of
the French armies.
MOBS LOOT EMBASSIES
Buildings at St. Petersburg and Berlin
Washington, D. C Aug. 5. The
Herman embassy building at St. Pe-
building at Berlin were destroyed by
mobs according to advices received
by the state department.
At the German embassy at St.
Petersburg one German employe was
killed. The state department does not
! credit the report that the Russian em
bassy at Berlin wa3 attacked. Hs in
formation cornea from a diplomatic
representative at St. Petersburg who
Jd the KUH.ian moo was
tne report mat uieir euiua t
lin had been attacked.
Kl Paso, Tex, Aug. 5. General
Francisco Villa virtually has pro
claimed his Independence from the
rnent. according to
reports brought here by arrivals from
all parts of northern Mexico.
Villa has begun reorganizing his
army. General Felipe Angeles. Car-
ranza's deposed 6ecretary or war, is
!n charge of the reorganization. A
movement la on for the Immediate
distribution of lands. C'arranza has
not been Informed, to far as is known.
It was estimated by Americans com
ing from Villa's territory that 6.000
re-rulta have been added to his ranks
within the latt two weeks. They have
been armed with rifles supposed to
have been smuggled across the Une at
Saltillo. Mexico, Aug. 3. via Laredo,
Tex.. Aug. 6. Negotiations for the
peaceful transfer of Mexico City to the
constitutionalists failed. The constl
tutionalists refuse to entertain condi
tions Imposed by the Carbajal com
missioners. These commibeiouers did
liot even bee C'arranza. .
WILSON OFFERS TO SERVE AS MEDIATOR IN EUROPEAN WAR:
MAY HEED PLEA
Official Circles Think England
and Her Allies May Accept
Offer of President.
Washington, D. C, Aug. 5. From
formal inquiries American diplomats
have been making on their own initia
tive for several days it appeared prob
able to officials here that England
and France might accept the tender
of good offices by the presi
dent. Acceptance by Great Britain is
assumed would mean similar action by
her allies, Russia and France. All eyes
here are turned to Berlin where it is be
lieved the decision on mediation really
lies. Ambassador Gerard has been ac
tive since hostilities began in ef
forts to suggest a way for a pacific
settlement and the general trend in
White house circles was toward opti
mism. GERMANY IS CUT
New York-Emden Cable Cut by
British Warships Practical
ly Completes Isolation.
New York, Aug. 5. Direct cable
communications with Germany have
stopped. The German Atlantic cable
lines from New York to Emden via
the Azores were cut early today at
some point east of the Azores possibly
by British warships. The commercial
Cable company, which operates the
American end of this line, announced
the cutting today and refused to ac
cept messages for Germany. The ca
ble is working as far as the Azores.
Communication with England is still
maintained over the regular lines of
the Commercial Cable company, which
run from New York to Nova Scotia
and thence to the English coast.
The cutting of the German cabje be
tween Emden and the Azores v irtually
completes the isolation of Germany
from communication with the outside
world, except what messages may be
exchanged by wireless. The news of
the cutting of German lines between
Germany and England may be ex
r.eeted momentarily. All land lines
from Germany in every direction ex
cept to Austria-Hungary have been
severed. The last direct Berlin mes
sage received by the Associated Press
was between 12 and 1 o'clock last
nlirht. This gave the official account
of the British ambassador's formal an
nouncement to the German foreign of
fice of the declaration of war and the
ambassador's request for passports
Th Atlantic Communication com
pany, a German wireless organization,
has turned its power station at Say
vllle. Long Island. N. Y, over to the
government. The station at times has
communicated successfully with Nau
en near Berlin.
SENATE WILL CONFIRM
WARBURG AND DELANO
Washington, IX C, Aug. 5. The
confirmation of Paul Warburg of New
York and K. A. Delano of Chicago to
complete the federal reserve board
was recommended by the senate bank
SAILING OF TENNESSEE
POSTPONED TO THURSDAY
Washington. I. C Aug. 5. The
house and senate have passed the
$2,500,000 appropriation to bring back
.Americans from Europe. The bill
goes to the president for signature.
Washington. V. C. Aug. 6. The
aniline of the armored cruiser Ten
nessee for Europe with gold for the
relief of Americans has Deen post
poned until tomorrow in order to com
plete arrangements. The cruiser
North Carolina will prooaniy accom
pany the Tennessee.
Secretary Garrison Is scanning the
Pnfftir i..-Lst and Great 1-aKes tor
bhips to bring American refugees outjed today in order to preserve the
LAND ARGUS, MS
AUGUST 5, 1914. TWELVE PAGES.
m MMfcc DM
Ilti if flU U ImXJ Ull
Fleet and Army of the
Empire Gets Into Action
Against Her Foes.
BIG WAR FUND VOTED
Several German Ships in Eng
lish Waters Seized Army
Calls for Volunteers.
rendocf Aug. a. Reports from
France. Belgium, Holland and Russia
showed Germany's armies were stead
ily moving forward east and wes
today. Outposts are in contact with
opposing Russian and French armies.
Germany Is virtually cut off from
wire communication with other coun
In England preparations are rapidlj
being completed for naval activities
after the declaration of war last
Several German steamships in Brit
ish waters, including the Belgia with
75 German reservists, were seized
and declared prises of war. ine
British government commandeered
horses belonging to express compan
ies and big department stores caus
ing an almost total suspension of
business. Volunteers were requested
for the British army.
In France all is said to be in readi
ness with Commander-in-chief Joffre
at the frontier.
No important news has been receiv
ed from the Austra-Servian conflict.
The French Mediterranean fleet cap
tured or destroyed three German crui
sers but reports are conflicting. The
German fleet in the far east is to have
sailed from Tsingtau. Germany has
placed an embargo on Russian funds
in German banks.
Home Secretary McKenna announc
ed that 21 spies lave been arrested
in the British isles in the last 24 hours.
chiefly in Important naval centers
Chancellor of the Exchequer Lloyd
Georee announced that the Bank of
England rate will be reduced to 6 per
Premier Asquith announced that the
British government would ask for an
other half billion credit tomorrow.
It is officially stated that Viscount
Morley and John Burns have resign
ed from the cabinet.
Tho British government Is planning
to control food supplies throughout
the British Isles. Retail stores are ex
periencing a shortage- Beefsteak yes
trrdav was 32 cents and today rose
to 42 cents.
London, Aug. 5. The report that a
naval battle had occured off Cromar
ty, Scotland, is officially denied.
London, Aug. 5. Detectives have
raided houses occupied by Germans
in Londcn. At one place they dis
covered a large number of bombs and
rifles. Several arests were maae.
London, Aug. 6. The German am
bassador Is not expected to leave
London before tomorrow.
The momentus decision of the Brit
ish government for wnicn tne wnoe
(Continued on Page Seven.)
Constantinople, Aug. 5. The Dar
danelles and the Bubpurus were clos-
neutrality oi imwi .
I naval battle on
COAST OF MAINE?
Firing of Heavy Guns Is Heard
and Hostile Cruisers Are
Known to Be Near.
Portland, Me., Aug. 5. The firing of
heavy guns was heard off the Maine
coast early today. The shots seemed
to come from Seguin island, about 30
New York, Aug. 5. Three German,
three British and three French cruis
ers are hovering somewhere off this
coast, according to fragmentary wire
less intercepted by skippers on Incom
ing vessels. These vessels are pro
marily concerned in attempts to inter
cept merchant vessels of the enemy
and several big liners. The White
Star liner Olympic and the North-German
Lloyd liner Kaiser Wilhelm, and
tho Lusitiana of the Cunard line, Brit
ish, slipped out of the harbor shortly
Portsmouth, N. H., Aug. 5. Officers
of the navy here say the heavy firing
off Portland, Maine, couid not have
been caused by a sea fight. The offi
cers are certain no foreign war ves
sels are in that vicinity.
FRANCE WINS IN
FIRST SEA FIGHT
One German Cruiser Destroyed
and Two Captured in Medi
London, Aug. 5.: Authentic confir
mation of the report of the destruc-
i tion of the German cruiser Panther
and the capture of the German cruis
ers Goeben and Breslau reached here
today from Algiers.
Paris, Aug. 5. France has -won
the first great naval fight of the war,
according to advices received here
The French fleet sank the German
cruiser Panther and captured two
German cruisers, the Goeben and the
The governor of Algeria, in a tele
gram received by the French govern
ment, gives fuller details of the Ger
man cruiser Breslau'g assault on Bona.
She fired eight broadsides some 60
shells into the French fortified town
of Bona, Algeria and then steamed
west. One man was killed and some
buildings were damaged.
Two German steamers in the port
of Bordeaux have been seized.
M'ADOO ORDERS CECILIE
TO UNLOAD HER GOLD
Bar Harbor, Me., Aug. 5 Secretary
of the Treasury McAdoo has directed
the customs collector at Portland to
waive all regulations and allow both
passengers and crew of the Kronprinz
essln Cecilie to be landed.
Swiss Neutrality Violated.
Paris. Aug. 5 It is reported that
Germans have violated the neutrality
Soo Traffic Decreases.
Sault Ste Marie, Mich., Aug. E.
Freight traffic through the Soo canals
showed a decrease more than three
million tons for the month of July,
compared with the same month last
French Reservists Sail.
New York, Aug. 5. The French
liner Loralne with 700 French reserv
ists on board, sailed for' France this
New York, Aug. 6. Sir Thomas
Lipton has formally withdrawn from
the international cup yacht races this
General Putnik III.
London. Aug. 6. A dispatch from
Servia announced that General Put
nik, chief of the Servian general staff,
has fallen ill and that his son was
wounded in a recent battle.
The most significant devel
opment of the day was Presi
dent Wilson's offer of his good
offices to help restore peace
among all the warring nations
at any time they wish to avail
themselves of it.
Direct communication be
tween Germany and all the rest
of the world except Austria has
practically ceased. The New
York-Emden cable was cut to
day by British warships. Ger
many had already cut all land
lines. There is now only the
cable from London to Germany
to connect her with the outside.
The German army leaders
seem determined to push their
campaign against France by the
flank movement through Bel
gium, even though this has
brotfgbt a formal declaration of
war from England and is meet
ing with a stubborn resistance
from the Belgian army.
Two German army corps
have invaded the province of
Liege; the town of Vise near
Liege was captured after a
stubborn resistance and was
fired by the Germans.
Russian forces seem to have
mobilized in force now on the
Prussian border and are beat
ing back the invading Germans,
who are burning towns and de
vastating villages over a wide
stretch of country as they re
treat. England's formal declara
tion of war last night was the
signal for a lively activity in
the fleetl Serious engagements
with German vessels are ex
pected in the North sea or a
great battle in the Baltic.
Holland reports that her neu
trality has been violated by
German troops by an invasion
in Limburg. This action may
add Holland to Germany's foes.
Turkey persists in her claims
of neutrality and has closed the
Dardanelles and the Bosporus
to the war vessels of all na
tions. Reports of important naval
engagements in the Mediterra
nean are confirmed. The Ger
man cruiser Panther was sunk
and two other cruisers were
captured by the French.
Washington, D. C, Aug. 5. The
president has been at the bedside of
Mrs. Wilson almost constantly for sev.
oral days, and her protracted Illness
of several months is causing worry in
official circles. She first took sick
last March, and Is understood to be
suffering from a complication of ner
vous ailments. It was while sitting
beside his wife that the president)
wrote the message to the European
crowned heads appealing to them to
stay the conflict and discuss peace.
The condition of Mrs. Wilson is said
to be extremely grave. Two daugh
ters who have been away from Wash
ington have been called to her bed
side. - N
PRICE TWO CENTS.
IN RUSSIA IS
Czar's Army is in Contact
With Enemy Along Great
er Part of Border.
MANY TOWNS BURNED
Enormous Stretch of Invaded
Country Devastated by
Germans in Retreat.
St. Petersburg, Aug. 5.
Russian troops have establish
ed contact with the enemy along
the greater part of the Russo
German frontier in northeast
ern Prussia. The Germans are
reported to be faffing back and
burning villages over an enor
mous stretch of country they
St. Petersburg, Aug. 5. A
German fleet of 19 ships was
sighted yesterday near the east
coast of the Baltic sea between
Memel and Libau. The Russian
warships in the Baltic sea have
captured many German mer
chantmen. German Warship Explodes.
Copenhagen, Aug. 5. A German tor
pedo boat destroyer was sunk today
near the Gedser light-ship by an ex
plosion of one of her boilers. Thirty
men were drowned; a few of the
crew were saved.
Russian Aviators Killed.
Vienna, Aug. 5. The Neue Frie
Presse says a Russian aeroplane car
rying a pilot and two officers was
fired on by the Austrians near Lem
berg, an important military station of
Austria-Hungary. The machine crash
ed to the ground and the two officers
German Ambassador Home.
Stockholm, Aug. 5. The German
ambassador and staff arrived here yes
terday from St. Petersburg on a steam
er flying the American flag and pro
ceeded to Berlin.
GERARD TO REPRESENT
ENGLAND AT BERLIN
Washington, D. jC, Aug. 5. British,
diplomatic interests at Berlin will ba
taken over by Ambassador Gerard..'
Secretary of State Bryan has been oN
ficially notified by the British foreign,
office that a state of war exists b
tween Great Britain and Germany.
SENATOR WILLIAMS QUITS '!
FOREIGN RELATIONS BODY;
Washington. D. C, Aug. 6. Senator,
John Sharp Williams resigned from,
the foreign relations committee be-j
cause he declared the committee had,
hesitated to support the admlnlstra'
tion's policy in regard to mediation!
and because of its "equally disgusting
attitude in regard to the purchase ot
ships to carry cotton and other goods
Investigate Wireless Station.
WaHhtneton. D. C. Au. 6. Th
army general staff is investigating th
neutrality of the German-owned wire
less station at Tuckerton, N. J.. and
Sayevllle. L. J,