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THE ARGUS. Published dally at Srcond u. Rock Islnnd. III. tEntrred at th poatofllce aecond-clasa matter.) Hwk lalaad Mrakrr f a Auortalrd Pi BY THE J. W. POTTER CO. TERMS Tn cnta r" wcfk by car rier, n Rock Jaland: f I per year by mall In advance. Complaint of delivery rvloe ahould b mad to tta circulation department, which ahould rjso be tiOtined In every Instance where It 1 desired to nav paper discontinued, aa carrier have n authority In the preral"ea. All communications of argtimentatlve character, pclltlcal or reilgjlous. must hare real name attached for publica tion. N Juch article wiU be printed over flelltioii alsTnaturea. Telephonce In all derartmenta. Cen tral Union. Rock l!and 145. 1145 and IMS. windmills, owing to the German fear that they will send signals to the iy ' "We are therefore face to face with a fact which has rarely If ever, oc curred in the history of the world an entire nation Is in a state of fani Ine and that within half a day's jour ney from our shores." The heartrending distress of Bel gium is repeated to a smaller degree in other parts of Europe. The Duch ess of Marlborough has spoHen of the numbers of women at present out of work In England. In Austria food prices have risen beyond the means of the poorer classes. It is reported that the consumption of horse flesh in Vienna is Increasing rapidly. As many as 200 of the animals have been brought into the market in one day. And at the end of a report from Ber lin of a hard fight near Verdun. Is ap pended the brief statement: "The pop ulation of the district is starving." fH A C C S ' " C OUNCl Wednesday, November 18, 1914. If more alcohol were put into the automobile radiators and less into the drivers, the bill for damages all around would be materially lessened. This country is well fitted to make plowshares out of swords, but so far no order of this character has come to American manufacturers. GIVE US A REST. - Isn't it about time to call a halt to the farce that is being made of the prosecution of Sheriff Bruner. ex State's Attorney Maglll and Dr. John son? For two ears the controversy, orig inating as a purely republican dirty linen washing, has dragged along through grand jury after grand Jury, taking up the time of the circuit court and piling up a stupendous bill for the county to settle. The failure Special Prosecutor George W. Wood has made was to have been expected. Floyd Thompson, the regular state's attorney, went to the bottom of the case and discovered to his own satisfaction t"iat convict ing evidence was not to be had. There is no doubt there was cause for in vestigation, and there should have Austria, taking satisfaction out of the fact that it has been able to retreat "without hindrance rrom me Deen an investigation in the interests enemy" seems possessed of a truly i of justjce; but between furthering the thankful spirit. I end8 0f justice and trying to pet some- body for political vengeance is a wide Concern professed in Indou dis- difference. Past trials honestly con- patches over the reported wasting of, ducted have shown the utter impos- THE ROCK ISLAND ARGUS, WEDNESDAY. NOVEMBER 18, 10U. CHORDS AND DISCORDS At Beginning of a New Era ammunition on the part of -the Ger mans is one of the unexplained mys teries of the war. The manner in which the Vnited States government kept the secret of the fate of the ,British battleship Au dacious warrants the suspicion that it mar have more of the same kind up its sleeve. Klbilitv of conviction. And yet .Mr. Wood has gone ahead for. a year try ing to make out a case and drawing a blank every time. What the costs will amount to no body knows, and no one outside the inner circle in county affairs Is likely ever to know. Mr. Wood has not turned in his bill, and the size of it is problematical. It is to be hoped, however, that he will hold the propor- Instead of finding fault with thel tions down to something like a reason- democratic tariff the high duty ad vo-. able ratio to the results he has ob cates ought to be rejoicing over the; tained. perfect protection which the war has, what object there can be for going given American manufucturers by j further with either of the three cases wiping out their foreign competitors. ! j3 a mystery. The election being over, - I the republican scores should by all the The suggestion of the Council Bluffs i rules be considered settled. So far man that the president elected in 191C, as the public Is concerned the fiasco for the good bf the republican party, has ceased to be even entertaining appoint Taft to the supreme bench j or anything more than a bore, and Roosevelt to one of the important i Kefs have a rest and pay off the ambassadorship is all right only the ; county debt. next president probably will prefer to I .. continue to appoint democrats. DISEASE AND POVERTY. (Chicago Tribune. The opening of the twelve reserve banks inaugurates, it is hoped, a new era In American finance. If the Owen Glass act is not perfect it represents a tremendous advance over the vicious system, which had grown out of civil war necessities and which persisted like a latent disease in a sturdy con stitution to break forth in violent crises whenever resistance weakened. The curse of the "panic" in its pe culiar American form should now be a thing of the past. We shaTl not es cape recurrent periods of "hard times." but the line of our normal financial and business Enterprise will not be subjected to the excessive and unnecessary penalties of a rigid and archaic currency system. The new reserve, plan is basically sound and provides a means of mobilizing our financial resources to meet changing conditions and even critical emergen cies. The organization of the reserve as sociations and opening of the twelve district banks should relieve substan tially the domestic credit situation. There is no doubt that 'business men in increasing numbers have chafed at the checks put upon them by the banks and have felt that an energetic revival was obstructed more by bank ers' policy than any other factor. With the opening of the reserve banks, with their ample resources for rediscount, there should be a general easing of the money rate as well as an improve ment of the psychological factor in public confidence. But the great problem for the imme diate future. is the adjustment of our international credit ' relations. To fhls difficult but critically important task It Is to be hoped the federal re serve board will rise. It is fortunate that at least one of its members, Mr. Warburg, is an international banker of the highest training anil experience, and it may be that the present un precedented emergency will inspire a masterly treatment of our internation al credit situation. Opportunity has given the republic great men in moat of the crises in her history. Certainly we have at this moment need for cour age, determination, and sound think ing to meet both the dangers and the tempting opportunities created or en larged by the European disaster. By the first of the year our trade balance ahould be well above $200,000, 000 and that balance steadily will grow. But the certainty of a heavy counterflow of our securities presents a very serious problem which it will tax our financial abilities "to the full to meet. It will tax more than the abilities or officials and financiers. It will tax the spirit of the American in vesting public. Now if ever Is the op portunity for the American people to show that the people of their sister republic, France, are not their supe riors in patriotism and self-confidence. Now if ever la opportunity for Americans to show that they believe in America and Americans. As the French rushed to the payment of the huge German fine of 1870, so with less sacrifice and more security the Amer ican people might well absorb the sound stocks which foreign holders will send back, not because they are intrinsically less sound than they were, but 'because of their foreign owners' imperative need of liquida tion. Before the war there had been a pe riod of depression during which even the best securities sold off without due cause. But now American investors should take counsel of their hearts and their brains and not tf their liv ers. It is time for them to ask whether the United States is a good Investment or not, whether the pres ent and future of this great country with its rich resources and its hundred million of energetic Americans Is worth betting on. The question answers itself, of course', when It is put. But Ameri cans haven't been putting it. We shall pass through a period of rather drastic readjustment, but the whole tremendous groundwork of the national wealth and prosperity is as sound as the foundations or the earth. . What we need most is a courageous certainty of this truth and the good i sense to back ourselves against the world. GOTHAM'S slippage towards Chica go is increasing at a rate that must be alarming to the former. Charles Frohman announced he would make the Windy City his producing center and then a rich New Yorker came all the way from his home town to Chi cago to pass in his checks. That's rubbing it in, say we. BOYS can grow altogether too fa miliar with their fathers' autos. An Illinois lad who persisted in taking dad's machine to joy ride with neigh borhood playmates has just been plac ed on probation for a year by the court. Prosperity Note. (Gibson, 111., Enterprise.) The Daylight Special of the I. C. R. R.. is doing a big through business now days. On Sunday R. R. Bailey went to Vinta, Okla., using the special, as also did Dr. and Mrs. Butler, going to St. Louis. The Man With the Front. (New Glasgow, N. S.Enterprise.) We had a delightful call on Tuesday from Rev. Mr. Dawson of "The Moun tain" church. Rev. Mr. Dawson is a most charming man to meet a man well read In the topics of the day a genial man, in short a man with no side. POETS are complaining that a New York music publisher defrauded them out of $15,000. This allegation may lead to an investigation to ascertain where the poets got it in the first place. The Daily Story A Scrap oi Paper By Bath Graham. Copyrighted. l"I4. by Associated Literary Bureau. The normal person will not sink into . . iiinAuu .Iwu'iuo flfnrinit v ble in framing up his proclamation to ; F" - . , '. ' , .r ii i.. ,.. land weak-mindedness are subnormal. The sultan of Turkey had no trou- David Starr Jordan says: "Strong the army and navy. He simply took . w-r ntrn f r i hcaiI Ki- thn Til l'T1 . .. . " i "j 7 i men seek education and make oppor archs of the countries already ravolv- " . .. , . ed in the struggle, making such changes as were necessary to adapt it to the Mohammedan religion. Chicago has just won a suit to col lect an assessment levied during the world's fair which has been in the courts for 21 years before being pass ed upon finally by the I'nlted States supreme court. It would take a long stretch of the imagination to picture any stronger argument for court re form in this country. A contribution to the reduction of the cost of living on a magnificent scale is proposed in the national abo lition of the $2,0n,000.o00 annual drink hill, with its contribution of in efficiency and waste and crime. That is the standard put up by the Ameri can people in the convention at Atlanta. The Society for th Prevention of t'tteless Giving at Christmas has found a worthy outlet for its benevolences. It is turning the tide of Christmas' gifts into the channel of employing girls out of work to make garments tunity," and to t'.iis might be appro priately added: "They bring things about: they make events occur." Wearf men are the opposite of this, says Dr. J. N. Hurty in the Journal of the American Medical Association. Dis ease is Itself not an evidence of physi cal or mental strength. Syphilis is a great cause of poverty, as it is also ot insanity. "We were getting along splendidly," said the poverty-stricken woman, "until my husband took con sumption." And who must be told oi the great poverty that trails consump tion? A farmer diej of typhoid fever when the mortgage, given in part pay ment for his farm, was only one-half paid off. His wife and little daughter took the disease and survived only fin' ally to fill fuller the slums of a city where she went with the child when the rich man foreclosed the mortgage. Yellow fever prevented the French from building the Panama canal, and thousands who bad invested their all in canal shares were pauperized. In Mexico there are thousands who have been made blind and pauperized by smallpox. There are at least two Rented Wedding Cake. There was something wrong with the cake, the baker said. It looked aK" right, and it smelled all right, but his artistic sense told him It would not taste all right. "Then fix it up with an extra coat of Icing, and we will keep It for a rent er," said the proprietor. "Who in the world would rent a cake?" some one asked. "Wedding parties." said he. "They want a big cake in the center of the table for show, but a cake of that size good enough for a wedding would cost uiore than they can afford to pay, so they order fine cake put up in indi vidual boxes for the guests and use the bride's cake just as an ornament. They don't, buy it, they just rent it. Sometimes a cake Is rented a dozen different times. After each wedding it is freshened up 'with a new coat of icing and looks as good as new for the next occasion. A good renter fetches about S3 a wedding." Wash ington Star. In the central part of the battle line not far from Rheims, French bat tery was well hidden, and despite a close search by a German aeroplane, the position remained undiscovered for several 'Says. Then German shells began to drop around it, 'and shortly afterwards the major in command found that white linen had been hung out right behind his position, ostensi bly to dry, but, in reality, it was plac ed there by a German spy to indicate to German airmen the exact emplace ment of the French guns. wiiiiam uraay.n.u. Whooping Cough. million blind beggars in China, all and comforts of other kinds for the ! made blind by smallpox. It is only men la the armies in the European J when war. Laying off thousands of men a fort night before election aid putting them on again a few days after election is a corrupt practice which no law yet de vised Is expected to reach. -It is worse, ays the State Register, than south ern bootlegging and worse than brib ery. It 1 a combination if intimida tion and purchase. It seems to have been worked with great success in many places this fall. WANT THROUGHOUT EUROPE The suffering of the peasants as a result of the war is naturally most se vere in Belgium. There are unem ployed and starving people in every country of Europe but the fearful des olation and ruin of Belgium is with out parallel. Hundreds of thousands of non-combatants, who, a few short weeks ago were dwellers In quiet and happy homes, are now wanderers on the face of the earth. The reports of their condition are unfortunately not exaggerated; the whole countryside has been ravaged and whole cities, town and villages burned. As the New York Evening Post reports. Mr. Whitebouse says: "The whole life or the nation has been arretted. Food epidemics come, when the great er proportion of lives are threatened. that we realize the meaning of sick ness and disease'. The ramifications of disease are so complex and far reaching we can have but a hazy' idea of what disease means. It is curious to note that, because of our stupidity, one's very industry may bring poverty. This is illustrated by the occupational diseases. Until very recently society permitted greed to force phossy jaw on workmen who afterward in many instances became paupers. To rear and protect indus tries, one product of which Is poverty. is a queer condition. The prevention of phossy jaw will certainly also pre vent all the poverty which might come from It. Cigar makers, printers and tailors are especially afflicted with tubercu losis; and on the pauper records ap pear the names of hundreds who have followed these occupations. A propri etor who does not surround his em ployes with the best conditions ol health Is a breeder of disease, poverty and crime. Feeble-mindedness Is a disease con dition and produces a world of pover ty. There Is no cure for feeblemind edness; It may only be prevented; and there are only two rational meth ods for Its prevention. neither of supplies wnicn wou'.U ordinarily reach whir h society w ill adopt. And so it "i ....... the civilian population are being tak fa oy in uerman troops for their own support. The peasant and poor are without the necessities of life and conditions of starvation grow more acute every day. Even where there is a supply of wheat available, the peacants are not allowed to use their happens, as we "blunder c-n through love and hunger," that the highest ser vices of medical science are rejected, prevention. Is disregarded and disease fallows civilization with Its ever lengthening train of degeneracy, de fectiveness, delinquency and dependency. Most cases of whooping cough oc cur in children from two to five year old. But young babies, especially bot tle babies, and elderly persona,, es pecially lovers of the fireside, are also susceptible to the infection. It is due to a bacillus which is giv en off In the sputum. Contact with a patient or a convalescent seems to be essential for he transfer of the in fection. Whooping cough cases ought to be Isolated from contact with all other children so long as any cough or expectoration continues. The dis ease Is reportable to the health de partment, and the child is excluded from school, but that Isn't enough; the patient should be labeled with an arm band, so that all might see at a glance what is the matter and keep a safe distance. The incubation period, or the time intervening between exposure to the disease and the appearance of the first signs of illness, is from one week to two weeks. But the onset Is very gradual, first a simple cough not un like an ordinary tracheitis or bronchi tis, lasting a week or ten days. Then the cough becomes more spasmodic, fits of coughing at frequent intervals, and in a tew days the whoop devel ops. It is at first a mere gasping in take of breath following the cough ing spell: but eventually it becomes a loud sound which gives the disease its name. The Prevention of Complications. The disease in itself is painful to witness, but the average child can weather it successfully if he is inot handicapped too greatly by an aver age mother. With all respect to moth ers, but with greater anxiety about the children, we insist that too many ly over the undershirt In the rear. This supports the child's abdominal muecles. renders the spells less of a strain on him, and prevents possible rupture. Questions and Answers. -Mrs. H. S. M. writes: W enjoy your health talks very much and dis cuss them in the family circle, but without wishing to criticise, we wish you would feel free to suggest more remedies for simple conditions than you do. Reply Thanks. When we please. tell ;the editors; when we don't, tell us. If you will send in a list of the simple conditions you refer to. we will consider your request in future articles. However, we cannot attempt to prescribe. L. J. C. writes: I am 20 years of age; stenographer. My health is fair, but I am somewhat anaemic. Would you kindly inform me what is your opin ion of eisenzucker? Reply It Is excellent. "Anxious," Mrs. S. P., U E. U. C. W. C. Personal questions cannot be answered unless stamped addressed envelope is included with your letter. Mrs. W. H. B. inquires: (1) In what condition does pericarditis leave the heart? (2) Is it well for one to work after (having an attack? (3) What are the symptoms of ,a weak heart? (4) Is a nervous heart dangerous? .Reply 1 Pericarditis Is an Inflam mation of the double-walled membran ous sac which covers the heart. Ad hesions are likely to ochur between the two walls and interfere with free beating of the heart. The late re-j suits of pericarditis depend upon thel victims of whooping cough are done to! character of the adhesions left be- death by bad air. The sleeping room ! hind. The heart may be permanently embarrassed or apparently as good as ever. 2. Ask your doctor. 3. Loss of efficiency. 4. Not if it is only dangerous. THE Soo is batting to form. ALL possessing rich parents will applaud the idea adopted by wealthy Ulinoisan, who. In splitting his estate, says' he, does not believe in waiting until death to fatten his children's bank accounts. THIRTY-TWO tons of postage stamps have been shipped from Wash ington to postoffices over the country in preparation for the holiday rush. A watermelon will be awarded the first customer giving the exact number of stickers in said consignment. "I AM a private of the privatest kind. I decline to be interviewed." This is what Colonel Roosevelt said while spending the day in New York. He must have come to a realisation that the public no longer gets excited over his comment on current topics. He was given his first hunch when the newspapers switched him from the front to the market page. CHARLES Pope, testifying in a gov ernment anti-trust suit, said the corn products refining combination paid him $3,000,000 for two plants that were worth only $300,000. Which causes one to feel that some of the trusts really are benevolent institutions. Or was the glucose folk' simply being sweet to Mr. Pope? Edward Olcott was convalescent, and the morning was a marvel of sunshine. There Is a delicious feeling about first convalescence that I fancy is explain able from the contrast between suf fering and the relief from suffering. It seemed to Olcott that be was never so well in his life, and yet it would have been well nigh impossible for him to get out of the invalid chair in which he had been wheeled to the glass In closed porch of the hospital. He had not been there long before an attendant dropped a newspaper in bis lap. Unfolding it, he noticed some words written la pencil in a woman's hand on the margin. They read: Dear Patlent--I am very sorry for you. I hope you will get comfort from this paper, which I Intend to put in the box at the terminal of the railroad for pa pers to go to the hospital. 1 pity you especially being- conflned on account of Illness when ThanksglrlngT la coming on. Cheer up! On next Thanksgiving da I trust you will be In condition to enjoy a One Thanksgiving dinner. This communication to an unknown dear patient was signed with two ini tials, E. A. The newspaper was a weekly issued at a place called Edge water, some twenty miles from the city. "That little note," said Olcott to him self, "was written by a girl. No one else would have signed her initials. The place in which she lives Is made up of residences of well to do people. I question If In all there are BOO houses. I shall have no difficulty in discovering who E. A. is, and I propose to dine with her next Thanksgiving. I would do so this year but for the fact that there isn't time and I couldn't eat a Thanksgiving dinner." Olcott was a young man of means. The reason why he was at a hospital instead of his own home was- twofold first, he was a bachelor, without a near relative, and, second, he had been recommended by his physician to go to a hospital as the most convenient place in which to be HI. Possibly In his convalescent state he was especial ly impressible. Be that as it may, he read the paper that had been given bim, conjuring up visions of the per son who wrote the message on the margin. When he had finished the pa per's perusal he tore off the message for preservation and futnre use. Olcott was at an age when an ap preciation for the pleasures of social life begins to lose Its edge. When he was twenty he fancied that he was courted because of his attractiveness. Now that he was twenty-seven he' had come to understand that he was court ed principally for what his income rep resented. He bad not lived at home since the death of his mother, when he was nineteen. His illness, during which he had been under the care of' paid nurses, had made him . what might be the trt.. ..TTT10 one wbo loved bim a ladles be bad met In societj deavored to make it apt,' T that they appreciated him for h01 W-j but he believed that o,!i'n who could give them a home ." do as well. For these reasons be'wM tttfl to this person who had a hetrt ifUI in an unknown person in i.. from whom thara . . slblllty that she could derive tl, tit. 1 BS(- She might possibly be old ni ly. but he did not believe ,h. At any rate, as soon as h charged from the hospital be tmJZ ii ue Ut4 u uiere w&ft much hope of finding her When the next Thanksgiving uou maae tbt attain ta nr of Ml cmui. . . Edgewater end had proved by ing a specimen of her h.adw that nhe via the n.wA, v. . . .OUU WOO gag trlbuted the newspaper that be W read as a convalescent There ul been no great difficulty In this, ajT had to do was to go to Ed?e,. Join a club there, consisting of jxZ men and women, make the tcn ance of the residents and look out tt a girl whose initials were E. A. Miss Arnold was, as be had mppowt very young. She was barely eight Olcott paid her a great deal of .tie Hon. at which she was nahwiDy til tered. He discovered that ber bent was as tender for the afflicted u he naa supposes, ana it was not lonr be fore he had won that heart for him. self. All this while be bad the pencil me sage that he had torn from the sen. paper in his portmanteau. But he Mil nothing about it to Mis Arnold. h supposed that their meeting' bad oc curred by chance. Olcott bad rewired when in the hospital that be would eat his next Thanksgiving dinner with bet, and he was working tip to that point This. too was very easy, for a tew weeks before Thanksgiving be asked her to be bis wife, and she accepted bis proposition. Under the clrran stances it was quite in order that b 6hould be invited to take bis Thanks giving dinner at the Arnolds'. Toward its close be took from his portmanten the scrap he had torn from the new paper and passed it around the table. It was easily recognized at Edith's work. Then Olcott said: "When 111 in a hospital I tore this message of sympathy from newij per that fell into my bands. I vowed that I would eat my next Thanksgiv ing dinner with the writer, and I hati kept my resolve." MEXICO again got so close to peace that it caused another explosion. Ah, Yeal (Stella M. Ware, Eureka. Kan.) The autumn, oh the lovely harvest time! When color riots wild o'er hill and dale; 'Twas then, my dear, so many years ago. Our lives were joined with love that cannot fail. Our wedding day, how dear it seems to me! These cool sweet days, blue skies and mild sun ray. They bring It back so vividly to me, It seems, it must be only yesterday. The years, the years, they pass relent lessly; Time adds its marks of care upon . your face; Your eyes grow dim, your step, my a ear, grows slow. Your morning and your noon to night give place. But oh 'tis love, 'tis love that keeps us young! In spite of age the heart remains the the same; And on this happy wedding day, my a ear. We'll be as gay as on the day I took your name. Sidelights on the European War never requires better ventilation than when whooping cough is prevalent in the house. It is a well proven fact that the more thorough the ventila tion, the less frequent and the less severe are the spells of coughing. The great danger in whooping cough is broncho-pneumonia "suffocative ca tarrh.'' b our medical fathers called it and this complication la certainly Invited by inadequate ventilation. Day times, of course, the child should have every possible advantage of outdoor air. An excellent appliance I a an abdo minal belt: about ten inches wide, having an insertion t.f two Inches of woven elastic material on either side, and eyelets and tape to Uce it suu- Ambltious states: I am a girl not yet 2, always well, but of late dull, tired, sleepy. Eat and sleep well, but seem to be lazy. Is It malaria? Please give cure. What 1 good for catarrh? Reply We supposed only boys de veloped this complaint at 20. It isn't malaria. Walk four miles a day with low, flat heels and plenty of room for your toes to wiggle. Breathe a mile deep. If breathing is difficult, have the nose and throat and chest carefully examined to determine what causes the symptom, catarrh. From Nat Goodwin's Book. I have been addicted to th naa e alcoholic stimulants but always with uisunguisnea and worthy companions; deserted home and fireside, always oy request, dearly bought and paid ior. nea to myBelf for recreation! cheated the undertaker: deceived only "yours truly;" been a reveler during the day, always too busy at night; been a gambler on the green - a rambler on the nod; an actor on the job; a hypocrite? no. by God; Aiarriages are made in heaven cancelled in Reno. I have had many sweethearts, but onty one survives mv mother. If a man steals your wife don't kill hlmi caution him! My whole desire was by repetition to prove that hope can conquer expe rience! My home is by the sea. My lot is 100 feet wide. Its height is intermin able. It is a thousand fathoms deep! My front yard extends to the anti podes. Am I not to be envied? I won der. King-Cole. Married at GaleBburg. Saturday, Bert U King and Lulu Cole. AS was to be expected, the opening of the New York grand opera season was a brilliant success. The jewel and back displays outshone those of previous years. The singing was also enjoyed. . J. M. C. , Correspondence of the Associated Press. Venice. A news letter from Vienna tells some Temarkable instances of the censorship in the Austrian capital and pays a compliment to the consid eration shown to foreigners who are still in Austria-Hungary. "That the warning from the police against adverse comment on the mil itary operations is to be taken ser iously," says the letter, "is evident from the fact that a man who had re marked casually in a Vienna cafe that the Austrian soldiers were cowards, was promptly arrested and sentenced to two years' imprisonment with hard labor, with a fast day once a week, and a day's confinement in a dark cell once a month. Another man who had been overheard saying that the Serv ians' would be victorious received ex actly the same sentence." Newspapers from America have been held back at the postoffioe for more than three weeks, according to the letter, and telegraphic communi cation has proven so difficult that the people have practically given up try ing to dispatch messages. For cor respondence with the soldiers at the front special postcards and envelopes are provided, and each man may be addressed by a code number, but his whereabouts are not divulged, and the news exchanged is subject to such a rigorous cersorship that only a few commonplace matters are written. "It must be admitted," writes the Vienna informant, "that the Viennese, and indeed the Austrlans generally. have treated the foreigners here, in eluding even those of hostile coun tries, with a great "deal of considera tion. There have been no demonstra tions against embassies, or legations or individuals. In a few instances Englishmen have been the victims of some unpleasant incidents in the streets, but these cases were rare and of Blight Importance. It is the rule to avoid . speaking either English or French, and in that event one may feel safe from annoyance. "The local official news agency has taken It upon itself to remind the people that there are over 90.000.000 Americans whose mother tongue is English, and that in their midst are I living many thousands of Austriaus enjoying the hospitality of the freest country in the world. It therefore be came the Viennese to extend the greatest courtesy to Americans here. There are, of course, a number of young Englishmen and Frenchmen under (arrest to make t certain they will not fight against 'Austria-Hungary. but they are being Well treated, with the exception of the fact that they have to sleep on the straw-strewn floor of the detention camps. They are al lowed to correspond m German with their friends within the monarchy. The French women governesses mainly have given the police more trouble than the men. They freauent the cafes and often talk loudly b abuse of the Austrian authoritlea.- Berlin. An Interesting exhibit d things connected with the war U to be seen at the International Boot exposition at Leipzig. Because of iti popularity this branch was ordered kept open after the close ot tne a nosition proper. The German govm- ment regards it as necesBary to tt education of the people and as UN ft missffYn .One section is devoted to pron ently displayed copies of foreign P ipers with absurd or deliberately i ppnnrtu concerning Germany. Ta reports are Iieavily bordered, and tt oho oooh ia n translation. Germfl nnwsnaners from cities oeaupied the Russians are also displayed, t tainlng the proclamations and ordeo nf th Russian commanders f" blank columns where the Rul sor trohibited the publication of ce tain articles. ,. A collection of articles rrom " battle grounds of Belgium tacW" j five valuable old miniature i""" saved by a German soldier fro ' hnrninir chateau in Hasuero. uraaui. a r, . . hv tne - represented by a large coiiec-. includes cartoons from hostile id eations, letters and postcards ft" the front one of the latter ing of a section cut from com Betf-' aeroplane which had been brmwi various ms'" - down, and paintings to Another section is gl uniforms, projectiles . cap ur pons aTia nags. eludes a knout taken from of . . - n mi m tor lir. VV. J. uuimuuci, reoatt- Cafnegie museum, has been rw" ed bv several collectors and Eurj municipalities to become ca8" B,. some of the most Importan t ' master painters and sculptors o centuries until the war . " has answered mat u i"" "". be brought here the gladly guard them againsi vandalism. Nov. 18 in American History. - 1SU4 I'htlip John Schuyler. the Revolution, died: born lead I 1733. 1SL' rrans sigei. ut'"u - .... in the C" became aistiugui-iu - . .It.. 1 1UV - war, wrui uiru . minder tu.ra Vnrt: ' New 1SS1 -George Law. moter: died iu 1S0. law cnesier Aian first president of the Vnitea o died: born JS30. ' JL, 1009-Ricbard Watson Glider. nud editor of the Ceuturj sine, died; born 1S13.