Newspaper Page Text
DECEMBER 8. 191.
- - i
PubUhd dally K.t 1C24 Sfind v
tiu. Rock Inland. 111. (EntrrrJ at t!ic
poitfffflc a .-.nl-rla matter )
trk Islasd Mrmttr of Auvclalrd
BY THE J. W. POTTER CO.
E TERMS Tn cents per wrek. by ctr
' Hr. In Rock Island: S3 pr year by mall
t In Advance.
I Complaint cf delivery service should
t ta mado to the circulation department,
f -srhlch ahoulJ also b notified In avery
5 Instance where It Is J-e!reJ to have
J papar discontinued, as carriers hava no
I Authority In tha pramlsrs.
All communications of argumentative
I rharaoter. political or religious, must
I tava real name attached for publica
! Hon. No such articles -a-d be printed
s ver fictitious signatures.
Telephones in a!l departments. Cen
I tral I'nlon. Do,-'k Island 145. 1145 and
Saturday. December 5, 1914.
ed an old cemetery into a school yard,
and now, where formerly stood the
marble slabs, arises 'a noble school
house. What was once dedicated as
a ,ilace for the dead haa been irededl
catcd as a place for the living.
Buy your Christmas
in the day, and do it
now. That will be your
biggest gift of the holi
days to the workers be
hind the counters and
on the delivery wagons.
And now even the Washington gov
ernment ba- adopted the word "satis
factory" lr referring to war condi
tion la Mexico.
The war is at la6t becoming a ser
ious matter In England. They are
talking of abandoning international
football matches this winter.
Conditions revealed by the probe of
the Rosehill Cemetery company at
Chicago suggest that It might be ad
visable to also opa some of the
The Russian government has pur
chased 0.000 55-gallon steel tanks In
this country. They are not. however,
to be fused in chipping vodka out of
the country, but are merely for use ia
the construction of pontoon bridges.
THE RED CROSS SEAL.
There were approximately 40,000,000
lied Cross Christmas seals sold in the
United States during the holiday sea
eon of 1913, which means that about
f400.000,000 were spent by the people
of our country in order thai the fight
against the great white plague might
go on successfully.
The cheery message of these Christ
mas seals has gone out on holiday
letters and packages for six years and
each penny spent added to the great
est crusade of modern times.
And every year since 1908 the na
tional work has gone happily on. In
round numbers the gross receipts that
have been gained through the Idea
that Miss Bissell gave to the Red
Cross society have been for the years
1908 to 1913 inclusive, nearly 12.000.
OuO. The society estimates that the aver
age person in the first stages of the
dread tuberculosis can be sent to a
better climate properly nourished, and
made well again for the average sunn
Five hundred dollars to make a well
man and the idea that the little moth
er of the Red Cross stamps originated
j has brought in almost $2,000,000.
j enough to make 4.000 people whole
' again, to enable them to take thelr'
! places in the world, happy and healthy,
! says The Mother's Magazine. The
Red Cross society has many resources
! other than the sale of the Christmas
' seals, but think what a help the stamps
I have been. When you do your Christ-
i mas shopping this year look at the
! sfl and think what it stands for.
i Jollv old Saint Nicholas will be smil-
Inc at you from, the 1914 stamp, but
nerhans some day we will see Miss
Emily P. Bissell's face smiling at us
for surely it belongs there.
If ever a woman has been a true
mother to the world. Miss Bissell has.
Motherlike, she prefers to sit back
and let all of the glory go to the thing
that she has given birth to willing
to take no reward for what she has
done, anxious to conceal herself from
the eyes of the public, satisfied and
happy in the fact that she has been a
help to humanity.
Dragged Roads and Other Roadi
A PROGRESSIVE TOWNSHIP.
A remarkable instance of what a
rural township can do In sanitation
if it really -makes up its mind to be
progressive is given in an article just
published by the United States public
health service. Cape Fear township
in New Hanover county, N. C, start
ed out last summer on a sanitary cam
paign under the combined leadership
of the county board of health, the
state board of health and the United
States public health service in Wil
mington, X. C. As a result there has
been great improvement in sanitary
conditions. According to reports mat
have Just come in. every school house
and every home in the townsliip is
provided with sanitary conveniences.
If the Good Fellow does not do his If there Js any other rural township
Christmas giving early it will be im- j ln tne tntire south that can show a
possible to do early Christmas shop-1 progres8 equal to this, it ought to
ping for about six hundred tots heYe in I corne to the fore and let itself be
Rock Island who will have no Christ-j known when a study of several
mas presents unless the Good Fellow nundred counties shows nearly one
foots the bill. j naf 0f the farm homes without any
. .... sanitary conveniences at all It Is a
Illinois, at W, is still in possession : Ina,tter of prid" to point to the aehieve
of most of her faculties atid has strong ' ment of a township like Cape Fear in
hopes of being able four years hence ew Hanover county which demon
to turn the century corner so that the strates itself as being so far ahead of
big celebration the Illinois centennial j tjie average.
commission ia arranging may not be while it has been repeatedly claim-
spoiled. Pd by some public speakers that the
Every year since we have cham
pioned the road drag, we have urged
our readers to drag their roads Just
before the ground freezes up for the
winter". No one knows when that will
be, and the only way to be certaJn
that the road freezes up smooth is to
drag it after every rain, so as to keep
it smooth. In a good many sections,
our readers have not followed this
suggestion, and by the time this
reaches them, there will have been a
heavy rain, then travel, and then
freezing, so that the road is a macs
of humps and bumps. The traveling
public will have to smooth these
down, if they are to take any comfort
at all. This smoothing will be done,
not by the drag, the use bf which
about twice after the last rain would
have made the Toads smooth, but by
tires, to the great waste of team labor,
the great physical discomfort of the
men, and the torture of the women
who are obliged to go to church or
town over roads so inexcusably bad.
The automobile will have te be put up
for the winter, or until heavy wagons
have smoothed down a track, which
it can follow, except when it has to
turn out for a team
Come to think of it, how easy it is
to have smooth roads all winter long
when the roads are frozen, but not
covered with snow; and what a heavy
penalty we have to pay for neglecting
to use a tool so admirably adapted to
tlfe purpose.- We hope those who have
allowed their roads to freeze up rough
will think this over and determine
that never again while they live will
they fail to drag the road in front of
the farm, pay or no pay, every time
it is liable to dry off rough in the fall.
or any other time in the year, for that
matter. The passor-by will shower
blessings on the head of the man who
has been so thoughtful and consider
ate as to keep the road in good condi
tion along the sides of his farm; and
words unprintable will be thought, if
not said, about the farmer who neg
lected such an easy prevention of
abominable roads and such an inex
pensive insurance against them. Whit
if you don't get any pay for it? What
If some county trustee has been paid
for this work? Make him do it but
if he doesn't do it, do it yourself. A
farm in the corn belt, worth from one
hundred to two hundred dollars an
acre, should not be disgraced the
whole winter long by its owner allow-
ng the road to freeze up rough.
In the southern part of our terri
tory there Is yet time to Insure
smooth roads during the winter. We
have pointed out time and again how
easily they can be kept smooth, with
nothing to interfere with comfortable
travel all winter except snow, cr in
the extreme south, mud. But when
roads are ln mud-shape any time of
the year they can be smoothed down
by the use ot the drag.
Farmers in the cor belt are very
slow to learn how valuable this sim
ple tool is. We noUced in our travels
that the Eastern states are adopting
it; and it is not half as well adapted
for use there as it is here, on account
of the stones. When we learn to use
the drag-In the fall of the year, again
at the first thaw in January or Febru
ary, and again in the spring as soon
as the ground begins to thaw, we will
have gone farther to solve the prob
lem of good roads than all the engi
neers and good roads boosters from
Maine to California.
While we are on this subject, per
mit us to Bay a word about macadam
ized roads where the material is lime
stone, as it must be in the corn belt.
They are a fraud, a delusion and a
snare. In traveling over a road in
Pennsylvania we asked a friend.
man of great intelligence, what he
thought of the macadamized road. He
said it was an utter and Inexcusable
failure, and described it something in
this way: An automobile will pick
up one stone not bigger than the end
of your thumb. The next one that
comes along will pick up another, and
each succeeding one will pick up more
stones and throw them out. . Then
there will be boles and gullies, making
automobiling anything but a pleasure.
We were in New England, where
they have trap rock or tome other
rock. Where they have gumption
enough to use sand and clay, it is
possible to mako hard roads that
serve a good purpose. .We get pro
voked when we hear men in the corn
belt refusing to use the drag, and yet
talking about macadamized roads
made out of limestone. For very
many years, nine-tenths of the roads
in the corn belt must be dirt roads'.
These nine-tenths are the roads that
lead to the schools and to the church
es. By the diligent and intelligent
use of the road drag, they can be
made better than the macadamized
road, and at one-tenth of the expense
necessary to maintain a macadamized
road even after it has been built at
an expense or from five to ten thou
sand dollars a mile.
Wrongful Use of Antiseptic.
Elbert H. Gary, tiiairinan of the
j board of directors of the United States
; Steel corporation, takes a nap from 5
to 7 every evening a ,ha!it formed,
ino doubt, during a lifetime sui-ees.-i. :
fully spent in catching the other fel- j
An antiseptic chemical has little or
no place in the toilet equipment of the
home. Even though only simple, non
poisonous substances are chosen, there
is, after all, no occasion for the dally
or frequent application of such sub
stances in the course of the toilet.
Mouth washes, tooth powders, toilet
soaps, gargles, nasal sprays, douches
of various kinds, shampoos and good
ness only knows what else besides, al
most invariably purport to contain, and
undoubtedly do contain antiseptic in
gredients. The American public is
fairly daft on the question of germs.
Take the toilet of the oral cavity.
Everybody knows that tooth decay ia
south is iraking more rapid strides , . . 7
n improving its sanitation than any ""J of food particles lodging between
other part of tht country, an exam- and upon the teeth. Hence he lont
. . - ., . , cal conclusion arrived at by the man
maticn or tens oi luoiisanus ui iami - - - ...
v " c.,.h a, tnte ! in he street, and fostered by the com-
IIUI1H n 111 I u I m. : 11 ! . . - .it.....-- ' . '
shows that there are yet many town
ships where the sanitary index is less
than 3 on a scale of 100.
Events of the war tbus far indicate j
.hat drea.iTiaughts do, in fact, exert a :
strong influence for peace. The na-,
tion with a iarg" number of thee x- I
. pensive cr.-f? r.a:jral!y will dread fcos-'
M'.'ties for fear fiy may be sunk.
The stand the Germ
havM taken 1n d!.s-!rlir:in Dr. Kar!
L'elfcnof ht, the or;ly m' tnUrr cf th
reici siatr v. ho vited aLTtiri'-'t tlm nnv
war credi'. tfcould !, n cbVct 1 sson
to the extreme acti-iuliitarifs in this
USE OF THE CANAL. -
Grain for Europe, from north Pacific-
ports of the Uiiittd States, has
so far formed the lart'st single item
i of cargo carried thrcucu the Panati'a
canal, says tht Canal Record. In the
two months and a half of canal opera-
m.Tcial ambitions of manufacturers
e-. fry where. Is that you must use soin.s
f.:rm of antiseptic application daily in
order to prevent germ activities ia t!Je
The Aseptic Idea Supercedes the Anti-
Itut it is a well known fact that you
can't prsvent the growth of germs in
the mouth, no matter what you do.
Oh, yes, ;ou can inhibit or discourage
a rapid increase of germs by an anti-
. : , .!:.... V a. . - 1 tliA j-.annl Vila
' '," " 7 ,hi I septic mouth wash or tooth wash. B-i-
up.l bv 1. eastbound vessels in this 1 ,
- - . I li- - ri:in(hltnnt Wliv mil fllrtt vanr
traffic, and f-lslit vessels have passed i " . ...... ..
through from the Atlantic to the I'a
Hie in ballast, to return with grain.
The Iad-u vessels have carried through
j an apuregate of 122.2.r,3 tons of grain.
1 consisting of 72, tons of barley and
4r,225 tors of wheat. Counting 37
i bushels of whe-at and 49 of barley to
the cargo amounted to
1.S23.0C2 bushels of wheat and 3.354.-
i 8T2 bushels of barley, a total of 5.-
' 17r.94 bushels of grain.
! The next largest single lten of
, ." , . i . I cargo handled through the canal dur-
Calllng the dead back to life, as was ; .. . .aa ,,, nrl.
clpuTy from Chile. This was carried
in 14 vessels, and amounted 99,126
tons, an average of 7.080 tons to the
vessel. That the grain shipments
should have exceeded those of nitrates
I Is contrary to the prediction mat tne
latter would form the largest item,
but does not disprove that prediction
as applied to anv considerable period
i oT normal world business. It appears
I that the grain traffic is largely sea-
Not only has ths war Interrupted
commerce nd disturbed finances in 1
-M -oimfrv. but It haa act-d a!
v.r t Knclriin- .TPn'ii It lino Wn! l'e long ton
deemed ce-essary in preserving otir
- neutrality to close J.i) amateur wlre
les stations on the Pacific coast alone.
done at Ixs Anceles when a patient
collapsed during an operation, by the
mar.Jp-ilation of the heart through the
Incision in the body, might come Into
general uee Ejore rapidly if it were
the fashion to wear the l:eart in a
more aocessib'e place on the sleeve,
Shelling r,t the Krupp factory at
Eseen. Germany, by a I Tench or Erig-
l'sh aviator brlrga out another argu- I g,,na and has been stimulated recent
ment in favor of Rock Ibland arsc-nal ' jr by an Increased demand in Europe,
as the principal manufacturing plant COUplfd with a heavy crop in the Unit
for the United Btates army. It prob- j ,.j states, while the traffic la nitrates,
ably will be eom years ljefore avia- I wbich is perennial, has been, during
tica will b sufficiently developed so ' period under consideration, con-
that flying machines sent up from be
yond the borders can menace th
Across the water, ln stricken Bel
gium, says the Educational Bulletin,
they took a echool yard for a burying
ground. Why not? The children and
siderably depressed by business con
ditions. It la reported that Atlantic
ports of the United States have estab
lished new records of grain exporta
tlons to Europe during this period.
"Did you ever try that tailor I rec-
the teachers had fled atd the building ommended to you?"
was ln ririss. Where war reigns, the ; "Yea. Too expensive. Got two
thief Industries are killing and bury-1 bulls from him one dress suit, one
in Illinois we have just convert-j lawsuit St. Louis I'ost-DlkpatcU.
effort Instead to keeping the mouth
cUun removing the material tile
germs live on, and thus really starv
ing them out? This is the goal to be
strived for always. The most progres
sive dentists realize that so-called an
tiseptic dentifrices are a delusion and
a snare; they do not prevent tooth de
cay. Cleanliness, plain physical clean
liness of the mouth is the only prac
tical way of avoiding deleterious ef
fects of bacterial activity there.
Absolute physical cleanliness means
asepsis freedom from germs. It is
the only moving idea in surgery,
medicine, sanitation and dentistry to
day. Not chemical treatment of the
tissues, but physical cleansing. Keep
clean. Don't allow dirt to accumulate
and then apply chemical germicides or
antiseptics to the dirt. A normal,
clean mucous cavity requires no treat
ment of any kind.
Questions and Answers.
F. S. B. and several other readers
ask for remedies for their several
Reply See editorial paragraph ac
companying this article.
Rev. . V. writes: Have read that
French physicians recommend thymol
for intestinal worms and germs as a
pre vein ive of appendicitis. Undoubt
edly it is dangerous in large doses.
Nevertheless I would like to know.
Reply He wary of jnedical ideas la
beled "Made in France."" Thymol Is
the standard remedy for hookworm In
fection. It is dangerous when taken
in large dose8 or when followed by oil.
Hut large doses are essential, and you
uiuat leave the size ot the dose to the
physician's Judgment. As for its ef
fect on genua and (prevention of ap
pendicitis, that Is a line of French rea
soning we cannot follow.
Mrs. E. A. R. wrote us over a month
ago but received no reply. She writes
again and asks if there is any help for
chronic catarrhal deafness in rubbing
or massaging the parts around the ear
and the Eustaclan tube.
Reply Letters not containing a
stamped addressed envelope cannot be
certain of a reply. We answer here
only such questions as may be of gen
eral interest. The measures suggest
ed could do no harm and might im
I W. L. wonders if the habit of
using common baking soda to relieve
distress from gas in the stomach has
any injurious effects.
Reply Soda will Itself produce gas
for you. It is comparatively harmless
in itself. But It is a poor policy to go
on Indefinitely trying to neutralize the
acids produced by fermentation. In
stead of trying to find out what makes
the food ferment.
THE VALLEY CLARION.
Old Dick Blmson, our pop. Jour., has
almost made good his promise to raise
a crop on his upper lip vis. to the
naked eye. It has now passed the
point where there Is danger from
frost, and is doing nicely. Congrats,
P. Schieberl showed many of our
best folks what he could do with his
dukes one nt. this wk. Owing to the
event falling on the same nt. as ye
ed's prayer meet., we did-not attend
but we are reliably info, the tickets
would have been cheap at half the
Having been about relieved. of the
foot and mouthdlBease, many of our
people now have been overtaken by
the war stamp fev.
Milt Custer is home from his Fla,
grape fruit farm bub. with enthus. for
the fut. of same. He remembered ye
ed with one of the biggest of the sea
S. Mosenfelder, one of the fam. adv.
men of S. City. Iowa, was seen on our
sts. this wk., he having got his start
hereabouts. Si is coming fast ln his
The Daily Story
A Fiery Dose By John Y. Lamed.
Copyrighted, ty Assoetatcd Literary nuraij.
S. Coralla, the w. k. lnd. weath.
prog., demon, one of the tricks of his
trade while on the wit. stand ln cir.
cL the other p. m. by pulling a warm
scene, changing the atmpos. of the
room with a few well chosen words.
Reports have reached the ears of ye
ed that prof, gamsters have again in
vaded our fair village and are tricking
some of our boys out of their earn
ings. Our offic. have given us their
word they will conduct a probe.
G. Sudlow and H. Rolfs are said to
be depop the III. riv. in the vie-
of Beardstown of ducks, both being
among the surest marksmen in these
pts. Before their depart, for said riv.
it is said they promised at least half
our pop. a pair of birds each.
D. Brennan, one of our best look
young men, has been called to wider
fields, he being now busy writing ads
for M. Field, a w. k. merchant on State
St., Chi. Next w-e expect to hear from
Dan is that he has been chosen to
serve as best man at young Field's
marriage. Greets, Dan.
G. Schneider had to ride home from
Dav. one nt. recent, in a st. car, his
auto being stolen while he was at a
show. After the thieves dis. they were
leading a poor lit. Ford astray they
Our R. R.'s have been ordered to
provide train sheds at their depots,
but that doesn't mean that they are
going to build them.
Gov. Dunne made a hit with many
of our folks during the wk. by cutting
the state tax rate 22c. Even some
of our repubs. were "heard to say a
kind word for him.
The circumlocution of legal docu
ments Is the penalty of having a bi
lingual language and descends to us
from those countries when the English
and the Normans were slowly amalga
mating into one people. So the two
races, in the market place or In social
converse, to make their meaning clear
er. Joined aFrench word to an English
or vica versa. That is why in the
prayer book words so often run in cou
ples: "Humble and lowly," "acknowl
edge and confess, "assemble and meet
together." The English was for the
English, the Norman-French for the
French. Chaucer is a great user of
such blllnqual phrases: 'Hunting and
venereye." "wrlght and carpenter,"
"care and heed." And that is whence
lawyers get such talk as "aid and
abet," "will and testament" and "use
and wont." London Opinion.
Many business men actually believe
that spelling should be an accomplish
ment of the average college graduate.
A young bachelor of arts was recently
put to work running a small printing
press ln the back room of a banker's
office. He was to set up and print a
number of circulars to be sent out to
customers of the house. When the
work was finished it was found to dif
fer decidedly from the standards of
spelling set by the late Messrs Web
ster and Worcester. The young. -man
was summoned to an audience with
his chief. The Interview was not
pleasant, and the young man showed
as much by his face when he rejoined
the rest of the office force.
"What's the matter, John?" some
one asked hi in.
"Matter enough." replied John. "The
boss expects an educated man to spell
just like a blooming stenographer."
Chicago, 111., Dec. 4. A jury in Judge
Newcomer's court returned a verdict
fining Rev. David M. Allen, colored,
cf 1441 South State street, an elder of
St. John's African Methodist Episco
pal church, $5 and costs yesterday on
a charge of begging to which he had
"Do you want a lawyer?" asked
"No, sir," was the reply. "Those
lawyers ain't no good.''
"Well, do you want the court to
hear your case?" queried the judge.
"No, sir," replied Allen, "those
judges 1s mfghty near as bad as the
lawyers. I guess I want a jury."
Judge Newcomer, after the verdict,
admitted he would nave made the fine
$25 if the case had been left to the
LORD Kitchener refuses to stand
for that interview of Irving Cobb's
printed in the Saturday Evening Post.
ine British war secretary says he
merely saw the American writer for a
few minutes. Cobb declares he re
mained in the royal presence 40 min
utes by the clock. Cobb wrote over
two pages of interview. Kitchener
says he did not make the statements
attributed to him by the writer. Cobb
declares he did. But Cobb is in the
United States again, so he is In posi
tion to speak with more freedom than
if he were still ln the land of King
PITTSBURGH aldermen have vol
untarily reduced their salaries from
$6,500 to $1,000 per year. Probably
they have enough.
"I NEVER could trade horses with
folks that treated me as they have in
Chicago," Bald an Iowa backwoodsman
after be had been fined $50 for flirting.
And all be had done, he said, was to
pass the time of day with a municipal
"HOUSE to hear dry Issue." saT a
newspaper headline. Nothing new.
Most of time of the house is occupied
listening to dry issues.
CARNEGIE and Edison went to
work when they were 12. The early
start they got before the days of child
labor laws of course accounts for the
success that came to them later.
THE only dread of the dreadnaught
is the little submarine.
PEGGY O'Nell played "Peg o' My
Heart" at Joliet penitentiary Friday.
More than one of the convicts to
whom she alternately brought smiles
and tears would have grasped a
chance to change places with Michael.
J. M. C.
When Billy Olcott invited to
spend a week with bis friend Tom Rob
erts he was delighted. He bad" met
Tom's sister, Fanny, and had fallen be
fore a pair of liquid brown eyes, a pair
of coral lips and a pair of dimple,
one In each cheek. Since that meeting
he had tbotight of her by day and
dreamed of her by night He received
the invitation on Monday for the fol
lowing Friday. Then followed the
four longest days of Billy's life. He
counted the hours till at last the day
of bis departure arrived, and an hour
before dinner he was nnder the same
roof with the girl who bad enthralled
him. Now for the wooing.
Tom's brother, Jim, was 111 In bed
and did not make bis appearance. On
the second night of Billy's visit be
went to bed at 11 o'clock and was soon
asleep. He was awakened by bearing
some one moving about the room.
Whoever It was tried to light a
match. It sputtered a moment and
went out, but not before Billy saw by
its light the face of Fanny Roberts.
"There," she grumbled, "tbe last
match gone, and I don't know where
to find another! However, I know ex
actly where I left your medicine in
tbe closet on the third shelf from the
bottom in the right band corner. I
don't believe ln giving medicine in tbe-
dark, but I'll risk it tils time."
Billy beard her groping and fum
bling, and finally she came to bis bed
side, put a glass half full of some
liquid to bis lips and poured it down
his throat. Then sbe left him with a
Olcott was one of the most modest,
sensitive young men in tbe world, and
he considered yonng girls to be even
more sensitive than himself. If Fanny
knew that she bad come into bis room
at midnight by mistake to give bim a
dose of medicine she would never get
over tbe shock. This Is tbe reason
why he had not made her mistake
known to her and why be bad permit
ted her to pour down Us tnroat a
medicine be did not need.
He lay congratulating himself on the
delicacy with wbicb be bad handled
the matter and how. If she came to
know of her mistake, it wonld Bet bim
np ln her opinion. Girls were some
times canght by trifles, and be wouldn't
wonder If this bit of sacrifice would
cause ber to fall ln love with bim.
Then be felt something down ln bis
stomach where the dose bad gone that
felt as if a red hot poker bad been ap
plied to bis Internals. He started. A
dose in the dark bad been given bim,
and might It not have been tbe wrong
medicine? Another application of tbe
hot poker. He sat up in bed, bis balr
stood on end and a cold sweat broke
out all over him. Fanny bad been
looking for a bottle in the closet In her
brother's room, not Billy's. 8b, cer.
tainfy had given him the wrong 6on,
Great heavens! Could she bar j.
A third application of the pofcw
This time It seemed to Billy that some
one bad gripped him with red hot pin.
cers. He sprang out of bed, raa to
Tom Roberta' door and hammered on
It Tom came out la his pajamas and
asKeu wuat was me matter.
"Bring me on emetic as soon aa jm
can!" cried Billy. "I'm sfraM I
Tom ran to his sister's door, called
ber up and told her to go downstairs
and bring np some mustard aod warm
water. She tried to find oot who had
been poisoned, but Tom told her to "go
on and be quick about It" When ibe
brought up the emetic she found Billy's
door open, tbe room lighted and her
brother bending over the groaning in
valid. Tben for tbe first time sbe under
stood tbe cause of the trouble. She
flew to the closet opened tbe door,
took out a vial and read the label!
Tben she put the vial back again aod
gave Billy a look, but said nothing.
"I took a dose of that" said Billj
between groans. "Will It km mer
"No," replied Fanny.
"What is it?"
"A preparation of ginger and red
"Is that all?"
"Yes; It won't hurt yoa."
"That's past praying for. It's eating
"Thank heaven It's no worse."
"It's bad enough as It is."
"How came you to take It?" qoerled
This was a poser. Billy took advan
tage of another Internal firebrand to
Invent a story. When the paroxysm
bad passed he said:
"Just before I came up here I felt
sick and went to a doctor. He said I
bad antbropomegaphone and gave me
some medicine for it I forgot to take
It before going to bed; got up and hunt
ed for It ln tbe dark. I must have got
Into the wrong place."
By this time the emetic took effect,
and Fanny took advantage of the fact
to withdraw. , While Billy was retch
ing he thought be beard a te-hee in the
"Confound that glrll" he said men
tallyhe was doing something else
physically "catch me trying to shield
ber again. Next time sbe tries to give
me a dose I'll turn it down her own
But the next morning he felt better
and was doing n lot of spooning not
with medicine either.
Geography Basis of the Prestige
Great Britain Has Won in the World
That geography after all is the basis
of the greatness of Great Britain, and
that the great national ability to save
and conserve the earnings of centuries
that has resulted from her geographic
position stands her in good stead ia
these days of trial is the coaclusion of
Dr. Roland G. Usher, who has just
prepared for the National Geographic
society an Incisive study of the fac
tors that have made "the tight little
isle" across the channel for conti
nental Europe a far greater power
than her area and natural resources
"We must not lose sight of the
fact," says Dr. Usher, "that the
strategical geography of Europe haa
given the English advantages of posi
tion which were mote important in
the past than great armies; that the
English channel was, in the days of
sailing ships, a more effective barrier
against invasion than any army could
have been. The strategical importance
of Belgium and Holland, too, vital to
England, was fortunately also vital to
Germany and France. The English
have never, single-banded, been able
to keep either France or Germany out
of those countries in time of war; but
they have, somehow or other, always
managed to play off France against
Germany, or Germany against France,
and in the long run keep them both out
of Belgium and Holland. England has
protected herself by arousing the fears
of others, and it must be admitted that
Germany in Belgium threatens Paris
a good deal more effectively than she
does London, and that Louis XIV in
Holland was" even more distasteful to
the German states on the Rhine than
he was to the English."
Dr. Fsher calls attention to the
fact that "England has never known,
since William the Norman harried
Yorkshire such ravaging by armies
and consequent economic loss as con
tinued in Europe for centuries. In the
long run England became proportion
ately richer than larger countries with
much more extensive natural re
sources which were decimmated by
war. Neither extraordinary diligence
nor skill needs to be brought forward
as the explanation of the beginning
of England's capital fund. It was by
that most unusual but simplest of all
While England was free from the
wastes of aji Invading warfare, Ger
many was being literally eaten up by
such conflicts as the thirty years' war.!
ln order to rest secure from attack
by the more powerful land empires on
the neighboring continent, it was nec
essary for England to dominate the
channel with its fleet. This domina
tion was established beyond question
by the English defeat of the Spanish
Armada. But, Dr. Usher explains, in
obtaining control of the channel, the
English also found themselves domi
nating the oversea commerce of the
nations ot Europe. The English chan
nel was the needle's eye which all
ships had to thread that sailed from
French, Belgium, Dutch or German
ports upon the channel and the Xortu
sea. The dangers of the seaway along
the western coast of the British Isles
make it impracticable even for the
powerful ships of the present day.
Among the essentials of national
strength, Dr. Usher enumerates those
of territorial unity, or natural state
boundaries; a racial unity, or a con
sciousness of the citizenry that they
are one people; a religious unity,
which, in the case of England, consists
in a broad, workable toleration of in
dividual beliefs; patriotism, or the con
acinnsnesa of the neonle of common
aims and purposes; and a unity of ad
ministration, or a condition where an
overwhelming majority of the people
are so well satisfied with the form of
government as to desire no radical
change. All of these various elements
entering into national strength, ac
cording to Dr. Usher, were achieved
by England centuries earlier than by
any of the modern peoples ot conti
Of the lakes of Manitoba, Lake Win
nipeg is the largest, being 275 miles
long and from 40 to :" miles wide, its
area being about 9.OO0 square miles
and its total coast line longer than
that of any of the great lakes except
Lake Superior. No other province or
state has entirely within its boundar
ies a body of water at all approach
ing it in magnitude. Creat Salt
in Utah, is only one-fifth of the
tent of Ijiko Winninesr. The largest
of its tributaries is the Saskatchewan
river, one of the four sreat river
the continent east of the continents'
divide. Its total length is LP'"1 mUeS'
The Red river. 700 miles in lensh. and
h Witmineir river. 300 miles
length, a-id many minor rivers also
pour into Ijike Winnipeg. The Nel
son river is Irs principal outlet and
connects it with Hudson hay.
"And Very Light In Weight.
A mother is always seeking a good
match for her daughter, yet a goinl
match is often merely a cheap stitk
with a head on one end of it. Cin
Dec. 5 in American
17S7 "Shay's KelKjilion" In MusiHu
setts: Worcester seized I'.v the ret
lS3-George Armstrong Custer, noted
cavalry leader, born: killed b.v
Sioux Indian lS7l
l9ii-t;eore Crocker. California cal
taliatt died; boru lJvxi.