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Rock Island Argus. (Rock Island, Ill.) 1893-1920, March 15, 1920, Image 1

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A Western Illinois Paper far Western Illinois People
'ftfrfjYjflNTH YEAR. NO. 125.
"5) '
r1 n
l 17 U
French, View Is That Revolt Lacks Sufficient Polit
ical Support and Overtures Are Being
Made Toward Ebert Faction.
Paris, March 15. Independent socialists
eommunists met yesterday at Mannheim and
cided to take advantage of the present situation in
Germany and proclaim a soviet government, accord
ing to advices from Basel, the news having reached
that city by telephone.
Majority and independent socialists throughout
Germany appear to be uniting against the military I
movement initiated at Berlin
0 a Dosei uiayciitn tu u lniunuauuu.
Vienna, March 14. A
ceivedfrom Leipsic today reports that fighting hzdSSSJSSZ
occurred there between troops of the national guard 1 prevent strikes in public utility
t-?li. . a 1" t i conri nra in f rTm in tr tha onthnritioo
ana socialists or communists in wnicn nine were
Pirld, March IS. A Berlin
linpatch received this evening I
ititei that an agreement lias
km reached between Chancel
. Kapp of the new govern
Hit and Gustav nske, mln
fattr of defense In the Ebert
ptenimeiit and that the gov.
tnnrat crisis In Germany has
i new government for Oer
auj Kill be constituted nnder
k Sjrrpement netween the old
Ciernwent and the- new, a
a agency announcement
Make So Arrests.
Berlin, March 14. Measures
tooting to arrests calculated to
jwent an uprising against the
M regime have been abandoned,
wording to a statement issued
lere today, but a communist named
Kny Is said to be imprisoned. The
lownment is reported to have de
Wed not to exercise control of
tmpaperg. all of which, includ
h the Vorwaerts and the Freiheit
Wl reappear tomorrow.
Ton Bernstorff Agent,
Berlin. Ttarrh 15 Cnnnt mn
M , Bernstorff, former German ambas-
v Moor ai Washington, is reported
I to im gone to Stuttgart to nego
I tUti with President Ebert and
rrtmier Bauer of the eovernment
klcb was ousted on Saturday by
Im reactionary revolt-
Wks Political Support.
Pri, March la. Thn lstnst arf-
to the French foreign of-
from Berlin, it was said today,
""wed that the revolution in
Mri had thnsi fur hwn onnflnorl
to the military and the pan-Ger-
wny, and was without other
WiUcl support. Leaders of the
A I rUve parties and such in-
nil leaders and Dr. Walter
uww, president of the Ger-
Electric company, it was de
wed, had condemned the move
lent It WU aAAnJ u. l :
WI circles was that the mili
J Prty might hold possession of
r tad nthor Imnnrto.t
JJ Prolong the state of uncer
"T for some time, possibly a
WJ i or two, but that without the
a a. - " punuiai elements
' """"lent was doomed to fail-
Heir S.tt. .
:r,"""'"u. according to an
aispatch received at the
ti7u J "ay' has characterized
leaders of th .n.,n.,-i
iitt in ii
uTr. . 'mply one of expeet-
nnaing no reason to inter
" With Rum.i. i. ,
iuwii; g luieruttl
Dr. Kapp Born in New
York and Refused as
Boy to Learn German
n 'uarcn ia Born in
w lB 1858, WoUgan KaPP
cMlor of the new government,
Jouth ....... .. . .
w infk it . .. - .
. "useu 10 learn uer
J'ttd hn h- ,j
tfX . ln" countT by his
u """ his education, it iter of the commandant of the
Ilea today. Ha nnr r.!liMn.. f CnKUn, ik. nlH Hntol
im ne ne'
" " the United StutA,
. . Father Stm n.
KaPP- the boy's father.
NiUm T. ,1 "nany in the
k wSL0fv.1848- and t this
ir k! he ,uu wW. The
I" or.;i f ct,?e ln Politics
S. "waited a 1 t n...
I w 'C4LHS
,v-Ama.; '
for Fremont wheal
on Saturday, according
telephone message re
fairs and taking only such precau-
tions as tbe indicated revival of i
the military spirit in Prussia de
mands. Some significance is attached
here to a conference that Premier
Millerand had this morning with
General Mangin, former comman
der in chief of the French forces
on the Rhine. No dissatisfaction
i3 felt here with General DeGoutte,
at present in command, but it- is
not forgotten that the name of
Mangin means far more to the
German militarists.
n rnn ttrrtiatinn ia nhtatnahlA f
the reports that the French forces'
on the Rhine are being reinforced, j
Wire Connection Lost
Copenhagen, March 15. Tele
phone communication between this
city and Berlin was interrupted at
8 o'clock this morning. -.
Washington, March 15. Pro
duction royalties ranging from 33
1-3 to 12 per cent on the lease of
government oil lands under the
claims' relief section of the land
leasing bill were prescribed , in
regulations issued today by the in
terior department. Practically all
withdrawn lands now being op
erated under claim are made sub
ject to the assessment
Atlanta, Ga., March 15. Eugene
V. Debs, penitentiary prisoner here,
has consented to the use of his
name as a presidential candidate
in the coming Michigan primary..
Indianapolis, Ind., March 15.
The American legion announced a
membership of more than a mil
lion in 8,475 posts.
Washington, March 15 Five
American soldiers are believed to
have perished In a fire which de
stroyed the barracks occupied by
replacement battalions of the Amer
ican forces at Vladivostok on March
6, Major General Gravest reported
today, to the war department
the latter ran for president on the
Republican ticket. Kapp later be
came a friend and suppoter of Lin
coln. . He also was an intimate
friend of Karl Schurx and Dr. Ab
raham JacobL
IBS . . hamIjuI . m JBMh.
fortress of Coblenz in the old Hotel
Napoleon. Hoboken. They moved
to this city, where the present
chancellor and two daughters were
Taught By Freaeaman.
Wolfgang was sent to a private
school, which was conducted by a
WAnrhtnan AHnlnh TVilial. fin the
present site of the Hotel Astor.
London, March 15. One of tbe
first acts of the new government in
Berlin was to request recognition
from the allied commissions In
Germany, according to an official
British message today. The request
was ignored, the commissioners
taking the attitude that they would
not extend recognition even to the
extent of answering the communi
cation. An official message filed in Ber
lin at 6:30 o'clock last night and
there was no confirmation of the
reports that the sailors at Kiel and
Altona had gone over to the new
Lord Kilmarnock, British charge
d' affaires at Berlin, had reported
to the government here that the
workmen of Cologne have discoun
tenanced the new movement and
had organized a demonstration for
Cologne was tbe first German
center to resume its industrial ac
tivity after the armistice.
Allies Prevent Strikes.
The allied commissioners in the
services informing the authorities
they will be held responsible for
any stoppages.
Official dispatches today an
nounced that the water supply of
Berlin which had been cut off, has
been turned on again
Washington, March 15. Paving
the way for a final vote on the
reservation to Article X, the senate
today rejected 59 to 17, Senator
Frelinghuysen's substitute propos
ing summary disavowal of all oblig
ations. The reservation worked out, but
not agreed to in tbe bi-partisan con
ference, was offered by Senator
Kirby, Democrat, Arkansas, and
was rejected 45 to 31. All the Re
publicans and Senators Gore, Reed,
Shields, Williams and Harrison,
Democrats, voted against it.
The senate also promptly reject
ed, 46 to 30, the substitute reserva
tion drafted by former President
Taft which was offered in the bi
partisan conference by Senator
Hitchcock and presented to the sen
ate today by Senator Kirby. The
Taft draft disavowed any legal
obligation, but gave congress power
to act under & moral obligation.
Without a record vote the senate
rejected Senator King's substitute,
declaring that no obligation would
be assumed in advance by the Unit
ed States but that congress would
consider recommendations of the
league council to protect territorial
integrity of any league member.
Washington, March 15 William
Martin Williams of Alabama will
succeed Daniel C. Roper as com
missioner of internal revenue.
Mr. Williams' selection by Presi
Aent Wilson was announced tndav
at the White house. He is solicitor'
for the department of agriculture
and was recommended for his new
post by Secretary of tho Treasury
Houston, who formerly was secret
tary of agriculture.
As head of the bureau of internal
revenue Mr. Williams will direct
the work of collecting millions of
dollars in taxes and also will have
charge jointly with the department
of Justice of prohibition enforce
ment Mr. Williams has been solicitor
of the department of agriculture
since 1917 and prior to that time
practiced law.
Washington. March 15. John
Barton Payne retired today as
chairman of the shipping board end
was sworn In as secretary of the
interior, succeeding Franklin K.
Lane, who retired on March 1. Mr.
Payne was replaced on the ship
ping board by Hear Admiral Wil
liam S. Benson, retired. Admiral
Benson was appointed only as a
member of the board, but it is ex
pected that he will be elected
Labor Not Disposed to
Give Up Without Re
sort to Anns.
London, March 1.". t heavy
loss of life is reported in dis
turbances at Kiel, Frankfort
and Essen, according to a Ber
lin dispatch to the Central
Sews. Demonstrators have
seized a depot at Frankfort con
taining arms and ammunition.
Berlin, March 15. (By Wire
less t London.) The German
national assembly has been
summoned by the Ebert gov
eminent to meet at Stnttgart,
tomorrow, Tuesday, March 16.
Berlin advices Sunday night
reported that the old German
government had established its
seat at Stuttgart, the capital of
It is reported here that the
south German generals and the
Saxon troops have given their
adherence to Gustav Noske,
minister of defense in the Ebert
Prepare to Eight.
Berlin, March 15. Members of
the Ebert government, ousted out
of power by the recent revolution
ary movement, are apparently
gathering their forces to combat
the new regime here. They are be
ing aided by forces of labor, which
have declared a general strike
throuehout Germanv as a nrotest
against the change in the nation's !
Prussia sems to be the nucleus
around which the military leaders
have built up their movement. Re
ports from various cities in other
parts of Germany would indicate
that Gustav Noske, minister of de
fense in the old government, has
forces at his disposal, and that
there is popular opposition to the
new regime.
Hamburg in Doubt.
Even in Hamburg, the old gov
ernment is said to have taken con
trol of strategic points and the
Hamburg senate has issued a
proclamation denouncing the new
government and asserting its in
tention to retain control in that
Men who are directing the poli
cies of the government headed by !
Dr. Wolfgang Kapp have not yet
secured political support, although
a statement issued last night de
clares the prestige of the govern
ment has increased in south Ger
many since Saturday. Fatalities in
fighting at Frankfort and adoption
of resolutions by workmen at
Dusseldorf, Essen and Cologne
against the revolt would not re
flect sentiment in those localities to
the regime installed In office on
Threatens Stern Measure.
Strike orders were issued yes
terday in this city, and it is ex
pected the critical moment for the
new government will come when
working men walk out Chancellor
Kapp has announced he would take
a decided step to suppress any in
surrection by strikers, but it does
not seem probable he can prevent
a wholesale stoppage of work in
Berlin and throughout Germany.
In some sections of Germany the
strike order is said not to be view
ed with favor, but there are indi
cations the Socialist parties will
attempt to bring about a toal tieup
of business today or tomorrow.
Chancellor Kapp has issued man
ifestos in an attempt to convince
the people the government over
which he is presiding will insure
the establishment of a real democ
racy in Germany. Promises that
elections will he held as soon as
quiet Is restored have been given,
and the people have been informed
that maintenance of order, and pro
tection of the country's economic
life will be the only reasons for
the taking of drastic steps by the
Berlin was without news today
beyond the government manifes
toes, as all the newspapers were
suppressed. The government's dec
larations continued to rail at the
incompetence of the deposed gov
ernment and promised numerous
reforms, including early general
elections. A rigid telegraphic cen
sorship has been Imposed.
permission to
open its suit
Washington, March 15. New Jer
sey was granted permission today
by the supreme court to institute
original proceedings to test the va
lidity of therobibition amendment
Life Reduced to Round of
Toil, Just As Under
(Special to The Argus).
Washington. March 15. Dreams
of leisure days and pleasure-filled
nights haven't come true in soviet
Russia. Instead the rugged hand
of discipline which, like the govern
ing classes of the past, threatens
severe punishment to the slacker,
is yoking millions of workmen in
an army of toil.
News from tbe inside of Russia
is rare. Communication is difficult
But a budget of information has
Just come from authentic sources
and through unquestioned channels.
It tells of regeneration inside Rus
sia but not by the nebulous pro
grams and Utopian methods so long
preached by the demagogues, but
by the familiar process of con
scription and enforced labor.
Large armies of labor converted
from the soviet military forces are
working Sundays and overtime on
week days. Even women in thei
Petrograd section are assisting.
Professional unions are registering
qualified workmen. Idlers find no
comfort in the new program of bol
shevist Russia a program of "get
back to work." v
Comrade Trotzky himself as pres
ident of the revolutionary war
council signs the proclamation or
dering the first revolutionary army
to work. He exhorts his followers
to show "indefatigable energy" in
their work "as much as if it were
a combat or a fight"
Call of Spring.
After referring to the necessity
for the production and collection of
food supplies, Trotzky says:
"Spring is coming. This is the
season of agricultural work. As the
productive force of our factories
has lessened
the number of new
farm implements which can be de
livered has become insufficient. The
revolutionary labor army will em
ploy its work shops as well as its
workmen in order-to repair- such
tools and machinery as are needed
When the season arrives for work
in the fields, the red cavalry and
infantry will prove that they know
how to plow the earth."
The results are already beginning
to show in cleaning up the territory
(Continued on Page Nine.)
London, March 15. A revolt has
broke out among several units of
the Japanese units in Siberia, ac
cording to a wireless sent by the
soviet government at Moscow. The
soldiers ripped off their shoulder
straps and substituted red straps,
the dispatch says.
Growth of the revolutionary
movement in Korea also is report
ed by the dispatch, which says that
the Japanese authorities have made
many arrests. At the same time,
the soviet message asserts, the Jap
anese government is taking special
measures to fight the communistic
movement at home.
Chinese Railmen Strike.
Washington, March 15. A gen
eral strike of all railway employes
and all classes of labor in the Chi
nese eastern railway zone in Man
churia was reported in advices to
day to the state department. The
strike resulted from a demand of
the social revolutionists that Gen
eral Horvath relinquish authority
over the roads, it was said. Traf
fic on the railroad has been stop
Austin, Texas, March 15. Gov
ernor W. P. Hobby has ordered
sent to the Texas-Oklahoma bound
ary a force deemed sufficient to
bold oil land involved in dispute
between Texas and Oklahoma, and
to surrender it to no one except
upon a decree from the United
States supreme court
The Weather
Cloudy and somewhat unsettled
tonight and Tuesday. Colder. The
lowest temperature tonight will be
near freezing. Strong southwest to
west winds. ,
Highest yesterday, 52: lowest
last night 4S.
Wind velocity, 24 moles per hour.
Precipitation, none.
12 m. 7 p.m. 7 a.m.
Tester, yester. today
Dry bulb temp.. .49 49 54
Wet bulb temp. .41 44 . 48
Relative humid.. 48 67 61
River stage 7.2, a rise of 1 foot
in the last 4)1 hours. .
J. M. SHEBISB. Meteorologist.
What Would Happen in
Case of Trouble Puz
zles Leaders.
Washington, March 15. (By the
Associated Press.) While technic
ally still under the direction of
Marshall Foch, American troops on
the Rhine would not participate in
any allied advance Into Germany
without specific directions from
President Wilson, it was said to
day at the war department
ot Party to Treaty.
Officials said the situation so far
as the American forces were con
cerned was a complex one. The
United States is the onlv nation
having troops oa the Rhine which
has not become a party to the
treaty of Versailles, it was explain
ed, and consequently the American
detachment still is governed by the
terms of the armistice. Under those
terms they still were subject tech
nically to the orders of Marshal
Foch as the supreme allied com
mander. Wateh Military Steps.
Steps being taken overseas for
possible military action against
Germany as a result of the revolu
tion were being closely followed
here. Interest centered in Marshal
Foch's conference today with the
allied commanders at Mayence and
in the report from Paris that after
this conference he would call a
meeting of the supreme war coun
cil. The United States is not now
represented on that council.
The American forces on the
Rhine consist of about 13,000 woops
under Major General Henry T. 'Al
len. French Plan Reinforcement.
Paris, March 15. (Havas.)
France contempjates sending three
more army corps to Wiesbaden,
Neustadt and Bonn, thus bolster
ing her forces along the Rhine, ac
cording to the Petit Parisien. Mar
shal Foch will call a meeting of
the supreme war council as soon as
he returns from Mayence, where he
will confer today with allied com
manders. Reports reaching this
city state that every step has been
taken to maintain order in occu
pied districts of Germany and that
'the inter-allied commission for the
Rhennish province has received the
German high commissioner after
having conferred with allied mili
tary leaders.
Information received here would
seem to indicate the utmost calm
is prevailing in Germany, although
the severe censorship in Berlin
may be responsible for a lack of
detailed news from that city. Tel
egraphic communication with Ber
lin is interrupted, the last tele
gram from the French charge
d'affaires there having been receiv
ed at the foreign office in this city
at 1 o'clock Sunday morning.
looting Berlin Stores.
Advices from other sources, how
ever, indicate the reactionary move
ment begun on Sunday morning is
confined to Berlin, and that mobs
are busy looting stores in some
Quarters of the city. A general
strike affecting transportation, elec
tric power and the water supply
of Berlin has been declared, and
railroad workers are said to have
asked Dr. Wolfgang Kapp, the new
chancellor, to leave Berlin.
A general strike affecting all
public services has also been call
ed at Kiel. Bremen, Hamburg and
Regensburg, while public senti
ment in those localities favorable
to the regime of the Ebert govern
ment is declared to be increasing in
Cologne, Essen, Dusseldorf, Boch
um, Duisburg, Spandau and Frank
fort In these cities a general
strike is expected today. Bread is
said to be already scarce and ex
pensive in Berlin, and there are
fears the supply may fail complete
ly. Military forces at Leipslg appear
to favor the new regime, while a
contrary view of the situation is
taken by the people generally, it
is reported. At Munich, the Bavar
ian government has handed over
control to a general who Is in fa
vor of the Ebert government
The German national assembly
has been summoned to meet at
Stuttgart on Tuesday.
Washington. March 15. Conn
dential reports of ascendancy to
power of the old tiro-German na
tionalist party in Turkey were re
ceived by Professor Der Hago-
pian. of the Armenian delegation
to the peace conference. The Na-
Itionalist party was supposed to
have been crushed by the armistice
Polk's Time Limit to Act
in That Capacity Has
Expired. fc
Washington, March 13. The state
department today was technically
without a head. Frank L. Polk,
who has acted as secretary since
the resignation of Robert Lansing,
resumed his duties as under secre
tary, law officers of the department
having held that he could not serve
as secretary ad interim for more
than 30 days.
- The senate foreign relations
committee had planned to give fur
ther consideration to the nomina
tion of Bainbridge Colby to be head
of the state department, but post
poned its meeting because wit
nesses were unable to appear.
Members of the committee take the
position that under the war time
Overman act President Wilson can
assign to some other official the du
ties of the secretary of state, and
consequently that delay in acting
on Mr. Colby's nomination should
not embarrass the department
Bloomington, 111., March 15.
Two thousand men in tbe Chicago
& Alton railroad shops here struck
this morning and paraded the
business district in a protest
against the drinking water being
supplied them at the works. Dr.
Furstman, city health officer, had
made a report stating that typhoid
germs have been found in the
water which goes through the shop
mains. In recent weeks 17 em
ployes, liave died from intestinal
trouble, believed to have been
caused from drinking contaminated
water, and 74 other shopmen are ill
with the strange malady.
Copenhagen, March 15. The sec
ond Schleswig zone, including the
important town of Hensburg
where a plebiscite was held yester
day under the provisions of the
treaty of Versailles, to determine
the future nationality of the re
gion, voted to remain German, ac
cording to the latest returns of the
balloting. The figures, while un
official, show the population over
whelmingly in favor of German
nationality. With four districts
still to be heard from, 48.148 votes
weer cast for German control and
13,025 for Denmark.
No evidence of violence marred
the plebiscite, but the international
commission in control determined
to run no risks, had mounted ma
chine guns at all strategic posi
tions and armed squads patrolled
the streets. It is charged by the
Danes, however, that there were
several cases in which Germans
clandestinely used the names of
Danish voters, who were thus pre
vented from registering their bal
Paris, March 15. (Havas.) Re-
establishment of the Bavarian mon- j
archy has been proclaimed in Mun
ich, according to a telephonic mes-
sake received in Berlin from the
Bavarian capital this afternoon and
telegraphed to the Temps.
Former Kaiser, Like a
Caged Lion, Paces His
Yard at Dutch Castle
Amerongen, March 14. (By the
Associated Press.) Former Em
peror William spent' the greater
part of today in the garden of
Bentinck castle, where he paced up
and down with every evidence of
being under great nervous tension.
Religious service, which have
been held regularly there every
Sunday, were omitted today.
Tbe strain of the events of the
last few days seems to weigh so
heavily upon his mind that he can
not tolerate the company of others,
and he makes every ef.ort to get
out of doors.
' Except for the fact that three or
Sims Says Private Mes
sages Often Beat Offi
cial Orders Across.
Washington, March 15. German
submarines were enabled to attack
the first convoy of American troop
ships sent to France because the
navy department used an unsafe
Ml. ,xrhij.h wan ln(APr.nl.il .nH ita
clph(jred( Rear AamirBl...slnls t0.
day told the senate investigating
Only a measure of "good Inch"
brought the convoy safely to port,
the admiral said, and other troop
ships and destroyers were endan
gered through similar incidents
early in the war.
Berlin Had Plenty of Time.
"The announcement of tbe sail
ing of the first American destroyers
was printed in Berlin tour days be
fore they arrived at Queenstown,"
declared the officer.
Admiral Sims said he implored
the department not to send mes
sages regard troop convoys in the
code referred to, but the warning
was disregarded. All the other al
lies and the enemy were using new
wartime codes, he said, while the
United States continued to trust in
valuable information to a code used
for many years.
Others (iot News First
Information regarding convoys
bound for ' France was known in
social circles in Paris before even
General Pershing was informed of
cially. Admiral' Sims asserted. To
illustrate the widespread knowl-
edge of the plans for the first con-'
voy's departure, the admiral testi
fied that the United States naval
attache at Paris obtained his first
word that troopships were sailing'
from a woman whose husband had
received the information in a bus
iness message. ,
New York, March 15. Another
decline in sterling exchange mark
ed the opening of the market to
dav, demand bills being quoted at
3.64, or 2 cents below Satur
day's close.
Demand sterling rose to 3.65 In
the first half hour. Franc checks
were quoted at the rate of 13.52 ror
the American dollar, off nine cen
times, and lire checks at the rate
of 18.24, off 4 centimes.
German marks were quoted at
1.12 cents each or 14-100 of a cent
below Saturday's final prices.
Ft. Worth, Texas. March 15.
Fire which swept the town of
Grand View caused a loss of
$2,000,000 and rendered 1,500 peo-i
pie homeless.
Washington, March 15 Heavy
draught ships undertaking tbe pas
sage of the Panama canal probably
will be subject to occasional delay
of a day or two as the result of
continuing landslides at Cucaracha,
the war department has been ad
vised by Governor Harding of the
Panama canal zone.
The department announced today
that the government had cabled
that the first slide occurred Friday
night, resulting in holding up six
ships of a draft of 25 feet or more,
but that six other vessels of a draft
of 22 feet or less passed through.
The delayed ships were expected to
pass through yesterday.
four military police from tha
neighboring village of Veenedaal
were added to the ordinary guard,
consisting of 40 constables, no
special measures have been taken
here. Military police are patrollng
along the moats of the castle.
Crown Price Up ia Air. -Wieringen,
March 14. (By the
Associated Press.) Former Crown
Prince Frederick William, on hear
ing of the counter revolution tn
Germany, became very much ex
cited. He motored several times
into the village In an endeavor to
learn If Burgomaster Pureboom
had lata news from Berlin.

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