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E ROCK I8EAHB ARGUS.
A Western Illinois Paper for Western Illinois People QpY-fflNTH YEAK NO. 126. TUESDAY MARCH 16, 1920-FOURTEENlAGESr IMOeUID MEMBBS A CD IT BUUUC Or ClBCtTLATlONB. v '-PRICE FIVE CENTS. I I I II ' ' ' "' .I ,1,1 . I I. ffl FALL O S A r i . ' "X . " . i i m r v w ' mm , .vh. ' ihwm mm w shim . HH fFICIAL DENIAL IS H IF COMPROMISE AS EDERT BWHDS FULL SUilREMDER Socialists Employ Strike With Telling Effept to Cut Off Supplies and Hamper Movements of the New Rulers in Berlin. v Cologne, March 16. (By the Associated Press.) -The resignation of Dr. Kapp, chancellor of the new government in Berlin, is considered imminent, it was declared today in reports received here. Field Mar dial von Hindenburg has written to Dr. Kapp advis ine him to withdraw. The field marshal also Ebert to hold elections. The letter of von Hindenburg is declared to be having a marked effect. Berlin, March 15. (By the Associated Press, 8:30 p. m.) The opinion was expressed this even ing by one of Chancellor Kapp's first lieutenants that President Ebert, Premier Bauer and the other mem bers of the'Bauer cabinet would probably be on their way to tierlm within the next 48 hours. CHARGES AIM TO RENEW WAR. Geneva, March 16 One of the conditions pro posed to the Ebert cabinet by General von Luettwitz was that demobilization of the army of the empire, as provided by the Versailles treaty, must' not be executed and war materials not destroyed, according wrremier Bauer oi tne oia government, says a fctutt gart dispatch to the Neue Zuricher Zeitung. Premier Bauer also quoted General von Luettwitz assaying that the empire instead should prepare for iBWwar. The premier added : . "After such a conditionTwhat aims Kapp and his accomplices are pursuing can be judged." (By the Associated Press.) Germany's two governments the new in Berlin, and the old in Stuttgart are still locked in a itrujgle for supremacy. While re-porti-through Paris today reiterate that negotiations are in progress lor t compromise, the Ebert gov ernment in Stuttgart is equally jwtitive that no compromise can be comidered. Flfrht for Control. On the face of the announce ment! by the rival governments, to day promised to witness the begin- ios of a determined contest for control. Chancellor Kann. harked hv the tyoneta of the troops that made possible for him to oust the Ebert government, is sitting tight it the German ranital. hut alreadv '! the effects of the strong wea-1 W the Sojialists have used to wmbat him the general strike. Ajainst this he declares that most tattle measures will be taken im mediately. Demand Kapp Surrender. In Stuttgart President Ebert and ui followers not only denied the report current yesterday that an Weement had been reached with ue Kapp forces, but declared there "ill be no negotiations except Wi the basis of unconditional IMTender by Dr. Kapp. national assembly, called to fltber by the Ebert government, ul meet at Stuttgart tomorrow to "Mider the situation. " Hindenburg Out of It W Marshal von Hindenburg, has been mentioned as the twice of the Kapp faction for the rman presidency, has eliminated elf from the situation, it is jatel hy Hanover newspapers. He reported to have made a public ""ration that he is not connect- 'th the Kapp revolution, and, " 'he contrary, disapproves it More Troops in Berlin. tiu!!i March 16 Bv the Ass- jW Press.) Heavy troop rein fwments were received today by M government in Berlin. :y. Marched intb Berlin from larrisons. uncelior Kapp thus far has r.Me to produce onlv military v for his government, withstanding this, he appears Wmstic that the insurrection the people. "Way he locked horns with or- r,w labor in a struggle for r?- If the general strike, mm ij airway paralyting Ber- Ma which is reported swiftiy "Olnr tndav tn tho n.Hr.n- in- -""Willi ttrii toned for centers, should be main- u, uij inree uays, uio sld i xJBlny "bseers is that it wi unreasonable to assume . aapp win able to establish internment firmly, despite his r4 forces. ifie nnii. i . ... jh-,. spects or tne suu . are a . ... . i i J to ' 1 rill VlUti IUIJL6U iikt..j erB lne opinion is - .cu mat rhanrellnr Kapp fclhrti i nea a he succeeds in r'w disposing of the former i .. ' tnt his coup was merely to an end. in h . . Nam Bot aa yet "nounced ny ,1Ji morni ing there were recur- that formal negotia- has advised President! . ! tions were going on between Chan cellor Kapp on the one hand and President Ebert and Premier Bauer on the other, and that Dr. Kapp had demanded that the first condi tion of the deliberations should be the revocation of Premier Bauer's call for a general strike. The sitting of the Baden landtag today developed into an impres sive demonstration in favor ot the Ebert government, according to messages from that state. Release Bauer Cabinet. Chancellor Kapp today ordered the release of the Bauer cabinet ministers and other individuals who had been detained with the excep tion of Prince Joachim Albrecht of Prussia, who was implicated in the anti-French demonstration at the Hotel Adlon, and Dr. Levy, the com munist leader. The embargo on the Berlin press also was lifted, but the editors were warned that their journals would be suppressed if they were found guilty of malicious criticism of the new government The strike, how ever, tied up the big newspaper plants. ?iew Rule at Munich. London, March 16. A new gov ernment was formed at Munich, Bavaria, yesterday, composed of Democrats and the Centre party, ac cording to a Copenhagen dispatch to the Central News. The new gov ernment will meet today, the dis patch says. Dutch Keeping Closer Watch of Hohenzollerns The Hague, March 16. A Dutch torpedo boat has arrived in the harbor of Oesterland, Wieringen is land, to guard the former German crown prince, according to the Nieuwe Rotterdamsche Courant The Dutch government has slightly strengthened the guard at the German frontier. A particular Tax Collector Travels Alone to Chicago With $3.000f000inHis Grips Washington.. March 16. Treas ury officials estimated the first in stallment of income and profits taxes would approximate $900, 000,000 '' Big Collections Mde. Chicago, March 16. Income tax returns calling for payment of more than $400,000,000 were filed in Chicago by 375.000 persons, Harry W. Magor, collector of in ternal revenue, intimated today. More than $100,000,000 had ben paid last midnight a the first in stallment ot the tax. St was an nounced. Carries Millions In drips. A deputv collector fic-m 'Peoria arrived at the federal building dur ing the day unaccompanied, carry RATHER TRUST PACKERS THAN MERE NOVICES Western Cattlemen Pro test U. S. Control of Business. Washington, March 16. Opposi tion to pending legislation for the licensing ot packers and livestock commission men was expressed be fore the house agricultural commit tee today by a delegation of Colo rado cattle growers, composed of E. W. Ammons, former governor; C. W. Pace of Longmont and C. W. Swayze of Denver, claiming th federal ,- control would harm the producer. Mr. Pace said he was not willing to entrust his interests as a stock man to inexperienced men who would control the packing business and the sale of cattle if the bill Bhould become a law. He declared that after 25 years' experience he had come to trust the packers and commission men implicitly. OPEN WIRE TO GET NEWS OUT OVER GERMANY Copenhagen, March 15. Direct telegraphic communication with Dresden was opened today and was evidently arranged to facilitate the circulation of news concerning ; the Ebert government, independ ent of Berlin authorities. Gustav Noske, minister of de fense in the old government, has issued a decree forbidding the cir culation of proclamation by Berlin authorities in territory outside the city. Keeps Germany Informed. Dresden, March 15. Communi cations betwen this city and all parts of Germany are being safe guarded, said a proclamation is sued today by the Ebert govern ment. "Certain as it is that the Berlin venture will collapse of its own weakness and confusion," the proc lamation declared, "the fatal po litical and economic consequences of this step are to be deplored. All authorities are asked to assist German national assemblymen to reach Stuttgart." Dr. Goeppert, president of the German peace commission, has de clined to take orders from Berlin and is continuing to work for the execution of the peace treaty. VOTE NO CASH FOR SEAPLANES Washington, March 16. No new warship construction is authorized in the annual navy appropriation I bill as ordered favorably reported today by the house naval commit tee. Requests for appropriations for building two giant seaplanes, twice the size of the trans-Atlantic N. C. 4 and a mammoth dirigible also were refused. The measure carries a total of $424,450,000, or 200,000,000 less than the last appropriation bill. The only funds for construction approved by the committee was $104,000,000 for continuing work on the unfinished 1916 program. The permanent strength of the marine corps was fixed at 27,400. ly close scrutiny is being made of automobiles. Passengers arriving on the frontier at Oldenzaal and Zevenaar report traffic within Ger many ' considerably interrupted. Dutch laborers who were employed in Germany near the frontier have been sent home on account of the general strike. ing two satchels containing $3,000, 000. One corporation was reported to have paid $6,000,000 as its share of the tax while another paid $3,000,- 000, Robbers at Seattle. Seattle, Wash., March 16. Two masked men early today held up the internal revenue office here and escaped with $20,000. GOLD SHIPMENTS GO TO ARGENTINA New York, March 16. Gold coin valued at $6,650,000 was withdrawn from the sub-treasury today for shipment to Argentina. Yesterday $1,700,000 was withdrawn for the same purpose. INSIST THAT A DEAL IS ON F0RC0NTRQL French Sources Claim Kapp Wants Changes in Ministry. Paris, March lfi Informa tion received over the telephone from Sutttjrart today by tier mans in Paris confirms reports from Stuttgart that President Kbert will not negotiate with Chancellor Kapp. Paris, March 16. Dispatches re ceived by the French foreign office today affirms the truth of reports that negotiations are going on be tween the Ebert and Kapp govern ments in Germany. Dr. Gradnauer, socialist president of the cabinet of Saxony, is declared to be acting as intermediary in an endeavor to bring about a com promise through which there might be a concentration of the parties for the formation of a cabinet under normal conditions. Object to Ministers. The efforts of Chancellor Kapp's followers now appear, according to the French advices to be directed towards the elimination from the cabinet of the ministers most ob jectionable to the Kapp following, and to bring about a shifting of power in the direction of conserv atism. According to the French dis patches it is beginning to appear as if Dr. Kapp and his active support ers were put forward as what might be called "storm troops" to try the ground and see what could be done, while the real lgaders of the reactionary idea remained in the background awaiting develop ments, v-i. . -- Refuse to egrotJaic Stuttgart, March' 15. Refusal to negotiate with the reactionary fac tion headed by Dr. Wolfgang Kapp, head of the new government at Ber lin, was decided upon here today by the council of the old cabinet, i over which President Ebert pre sided. Unconditional resignation of the leaders of the new govern ment was demanded by the Ebert cabinet, which arrived here this afternoon by a special train from Dresden. . The national assembly will meet in this city Wednesday afternoon at 4 o'clock. Announcement was made that the Ebert government is in contact with almost all points in Germany. Kapp Spread Report!). Reports of negotiations for a compromise between the Ebert government and the reactionary re gime at Berlin are untrue, accord ing to a telephone dispatch from Hamburg to the Social Demokraten at midnight. It was said these rumors were spread by adherents of Dr. Wolfgang Knapp, the new chancellor in Berlin, to decetve the public." Ebert to Wnrtembnrg. Copenhagen, March 15. Presi dent Ebert in officially notifying Dr. Wolfgang Kapp and his asso ciates in the new German govern ment that no negotiations would be held between officials of the two regimes, declared he would direct the country's affairs with Wurtem burg as the capital, according to a dispatch received from Berlin. Workers at Kiel have suppressed an attempt military counter revo lution there and the situation is well in hand, says advices from that city. STRIKE RIGHTS BEFORE CON-CON Springfield, 111., March 16. The question of the right of workmen engaged in essential industries to strike came up befora the commit tee on industrial affairs of the Illi nois state convention today and will probably be carried to the floor of the convention. Discus sion of the industrial court propos al of Delegate Lee Migbell or Au rora brought warm arguments from members of the committee. No ac tion was taken on the proposal. PAINT STATUE OF BILL I. RED Alx La Capelle, Rhennish Prus sia, March 16. A general strike order was issued here today. Stores were closed and several thousand persons paraded the principal streets. Crowds gathered in the center of the city to watch or take part in the demonstration. The equestrian statue of Em peror William I, which stands in a conspicuous spot, was painted red by same w the manueetants. COURT MAKES ISSUE OF JURY ACTION'S LEAK Editor Refusing to Tell Where He Got Story Ordered Jailed. Chicago, March 16. Hector E. Elwell, city editor of the Chicago Evening American, was at liberty today under a stay from a jail sen tence and a fine of $500 imposed by Federal Judge Carpenter for re fusing to answer questions put to him by a federal grand jury. Judge Carpenter entered an order yester day finding Elwell guilty of con tempt of court and sentenced him to be confined in the county jail until willing to answer the ques tions of the jurors. . A statement before the court de clared Elwell had refused to dis close the source of a news story concerning grand jury action against "Dr." William H. Sage, head of the local bureau charged with the enforcement of the anti-narcotic act, since indicted for accepting bribes. "We consider the point involved so important to newspapers in gen eral that we intend to carry this case to the highest court," Elwell's attorney declared. DEATH THREAT FOR PICKETING DURING STRIKE Kapp's Orders Indicate Stern Meas ures to Keep People at Work in Berlin. Berlin, March 16. Men who act as leaders or pickets in the general strike called in this city as a pro test against the reactionary revolt are threatened with the death pen alty in a proclamation issued today by , Dr. Wolfgang Kapp the new chancellor . The order for the in flicdon'of capital punishment will be effective after 4 o'clock Tues day afternoon and is based on a decree prohibiting any strike or passive resistance in any vital service which was issued earlier in the day by the minister of defense. The chancellor's proclamation fol lows: "Ringleaders who are guilty of acts specified in the decree for safeguarding important services and for the protection of labor and peace will, as well as strike pick ets, be punished with-death. This decree is effective from 4 p. m. Tuesday." Business Paralysed. No world capital has ever before experienced such a complete par alysis of all its living and commer cial facilities as Berlin did today. The Hotel Adlon made heroic ef forts today to provide food for the American, British and French mis sions and newspaper correspond ents, but it gave up the task when tne iast of the kitchen force walk ed out, leaving foreigners to shift for themselves. This city this afternoon had the appearance of another Sunday hol iday. Scattered crowds filled Unter den Linden. At intervals troops with bands accompanied by mili tary and machine guns paraded through the streets. Effective Over Germany. Paris, March 16 (Havas.) The general strike is effective through out Germany and only food trains are running, according to advices. Severe fighting i3 reported from Dresden, Leipsig, Brandenburg and Chemnitz. SOLDIERS' RELIEF QUESTION WAITS ON LEGION MEET "Washington, March 16. Consid eration of soldier relief legislation will be postponed until after the executive committee of the Ameri can Legion meets here March 22 to adopt some workable plan for ad justed compensation. Chairman Fordney of the house ways and means ' committee, announced to day. Hearings on pending legislation may be continued by the committee in the meantime. NO BETTING ON SCHOOL SPORTS URGED IN STATE Decatur. 111., March 16. Tele grams have been sent out by L. W. Smith of Joliet, secretary-treasurer of the Illinois State Athletic asso ciation composed of high schools of the state, urging that betting on sports be condemned. BETTER PLAN FOR STATE'S WATERWAY j Springfield, 111.. March 16. An amended plan for the construction I of the Illinois waterways system j has been received by Governor Frank O. Lowden from Secretary of War Baker. The new permit is more satisfactory to state water- liit fRi,l. tkn k- nor. a j viui wu iuau 1111; ui iiuai frfei ' mit received last January. MINNESOTA'S SUPPORT IS W0NBYW00D Easy G. 0. P. Victor, Though Hoover's . Strength Surprises. Washington, March 16. Major (.eneral Leonard Wood today asked and was granted a two months' leave of absence to rondnrt his campaign for the Rppnblican nomination for president. Major tieneral Georsre BelL Jr.. now commanding; (amp Grant, Illinois, will act as head of the Central department of the army with headquarters at Chicago during General Wood's leave of absence. St. Paul Minn, March 16. A statement issned at state 'headquarters of Major-General Leonard Wood today claimed that Wood carried every conn ty in the state at last night's Republican presidential con ference primary, that Wood delegates would be in control at the state convention here Saturday and that the delega tion to the national convention would be instructed to support the Wood candidacy. St. Paul, Minn., March 16--State- wide returns from nearly every county on the Republican presi dential primary last night, com piled up to 1 p. m. indicated that Major General Leonard Wood would have a majority of the dele gates to the state convention here Saturday and that Hiram Johnson would have most of the remaining delegates. Governor Frank O. Lowden of Illinois, seemingly finished fourth. Herbert Hoover pulled a compara tively large vote in -districts where his supporters were active in pro viding stickers, so Hoover's name could be attached to the primary ballot. BLOOU IS SHED IN NUMBER OF GERMAN CITIES Eerlin, March 16. Fifteen per sons are reported to have been killed and many wounded in fight ing yesterday at Staglitz, in the southwest outskirts of Berlin. At Charlottenburg, a western suburb of Berlin, four persons are said to have been killed and six wounded as a result of collisions. Bloodshed at lianiburp. Copenhagen, March 16. Thirty persons were killed, including some women and children in yesterday's fighting in Hamburg between citi zens' guards and Baltic troops, ad vices from that city state. Kill !S"aval Officers. Berne. March 16. Encounters at Kiel and Magdeburg are reported in telegrams from Berlin. In Kiel some naval officers have been kill ed, while in Magdeburg there has been fierce fighting about the cen tral postoffice. Slay Toons; Girl, London, March 16. The working classes are much excited against the Kapp administration as a con sequence of the shooting of a young girl in the south Berlin rail way station and the killing of four persons in the north Berlin indus trial section by guards, according to a Berlin dispatch to the Evening News. Clash at Dresden. Berlin, March 15. A Dresden dis patch says that the telegraph office there is in possession of the citi zens' guard. During the afternoon armed cars, manned by regular troops, drove up to the post-platz to turn the workmen's guard out of the postal building and a lively fusillade occurred, resulting in cas ualties on both sides. Regular troops are reported to be advanc ing in large numbers to recover the telegraph office, the dispatch states. - Heavy Casualties at Leipsic London. March 16. During a demonstration at Leipsic yesterday troops fired on a crowd, killing more than 20 persons and wound ing about sixty, says the Copenha gen correspondent of the Central News. Reports received in Copenhagen, the correspondent adds, state that lighting continues in many parts of Germany. ! FAVOR SPLITTING UP GERMAN STATES Paris. March 16. Sentiment in Baden is strong for a separation from Berlin and in favor of a union of Bavaria, Wuertemberg and Baden, according to a- telephone dispatch to L'Information from Basel. It .is said many Panenese jare openly advocating joining the 1 Swiss confederation. SEVERE PEACE TERMS CAUSE . GERMAN FLARE Revolt Partly Due to Wish of Rich to Have Voice in Taxation. BT DAY1H LAWRESCE. (Special to The Argus.) Washington, D. C, March 16. Plenty of theory but not much fact. That's the most that can be said thus far concerning Washington's opinion of the new German revo lution. Where the wish is father to. the thought, the upheaval in Germany is regarded naturally as confirma tion and Justification of the large variety of opinions expressed on Capitol hill during . the last 12 months of treaty discussion. Wil son defenders say it proves that the president was right when he said that chaos would come to Eurone if America withheld her hand from i tue eniorcement ot the peace treaty's obligation; former Presi dent Taft, not exactly a Wilson man, but a staunch friend of the treaty and League of Nations, says the same thing. Call It Internal. But the irreconcilable opponents of the treaty and league call the German revolution an internal af fair entirely divorced both in cause and effect from the peace treaty. Information thus far avail able at the department of state would seem to bear out this view to a certain extent. The revolution does appear on the face of official cables received to have been moti vated by the desire of the mon archists and reactionaries to get back into power, something that was inevitable no matter what hap pened outside of Germany. No party that once held power either imperial. Republican, Democratic or autocratic is ever content to stay outside the gates of the treasure house as long as there is a chance to get on the iuside. But while friends of the treatv insist none of this German trouble would have happened if the League of Nations had been set up, im placable foes of the pact say it is a direct consequence of the "cruel and harsh terms of peace impossd upon Germany," which is the way Senator Philander C. Knox of Pennsylvania, himself a former secretary of state, expressed it several months ago, only to be de nounced immediately as a pro-German. But recent expressions and comments from Great Britain have indicated that the sober second thought of the peace makers has been one of apprehension that they may have imposed upon the van quished foe terms of peace which made it impossible for him to earn the money to pay his indemnity. Revo't Against Taxes. Indeed, not a few people here look upon the German revolution as the skillful plot of the wealthy classes in Germany who would bear the greatest burden of the in demnity to get out from under. Al- ! ready the new Berlin government has set itself up as a judge of what terms of the treaty it will fulfill those that seem "just and reason able." This is a virtual hint of nullification, and is admittedly hav ing a disquieting effect here. For the truth is the associated powers are not in a position immediately to make Germany pay. America has about 15.000 troops on the (Continued on Paje Four.) MAKE MASIRIK HEAD FOR LIFE Washington, March 16. Dr. Thomas G. Masirik, first president 'of the republic of Czechoslovakia, I will be permitted to continue in 'office for life, according to the ' provisions of the national consti jtution, recently adopted at Prague. ! Provisions of the new constitution, made public today by the state de partment, limit the terms of all'fu ture presidents to two successive terms of seven years each. NINE CLAIMANTS FOR MILLIONS OF WILLIAM P. COWAN Chicago, March 16. Two more claimants to a Bhare in the mil- i lions of William P. Cowan, presi dent of the Standard Oil company of Indiana, who died intestate, were added today to the list of those en tering claims of relationship. They were Mercer B. Cowan of Moberly, Mo., a railroad conductor, and his nephew, Allan D. Cowan of Bloom ington. 111., an attorney. Unless other claimants appear before March 29, the estate will be divided between nine heirs. The Weathei Generally fair and colder to night and Wednesday, with the lowest temperature tonight about 20 to 25 degrees. Highest yesterday, 62; lowest last night, 30. , Wind velocity, 17 miles per hour. Precipitation, none. 12 m. 7 p.m. 7am. yester. yester. today Dry bulb 60 50 39 Wet bulb 51 42 32 Rel. humidity ..62 48 48 River stage, 8.1, rise of .9 in the last 21 hours. J. M. SHEfUER. Meteorologist. PERU CONSUL ATTAGKEDDY BOLIVIA MOB Controversy Over Seaport for Latter Reaches a Critical Stage. Lima, March 15. The Peruvian legation at LaPaz, the Bolivian capital, was attacked last night by a mob of a thousand men, accord ing to official advices received this afternoon by the Peruvian foreign office. The Peruvian consulate and private residences of Peruvians were also attacked, the dispatches declared. Tear lown Shields. The government shields on the official building were tonr down and windows were broken. The mob, the advices slate, wai headed by General Ismael Montez, former president of Bolivia. The American charge d'affaires! at Lima held a long conference to day with President Porras and of ficials of the Peruvian foreign of fice. President Porras was ex pected to appear before congress this evening and make a full state ment regarding the situation. Wants Sea Outlet. Feeling between Peru and Bo livia has been running high of late because of a sharp revival of the question of a sea outlet for Bolivia in the former Peruvian province of Arica, one of the two provinces taken over by Chile as the result of the war of 1879-1883. Peru has never relinquished her claims to those provinces, the title to which was to have been decided by a plebiscite. Chile remains in pos session of them, however. No jvote has ever been taken and Chile and Peru have charged each other with responsibility for the failure to hold the plebiscite. Recently an agreement was re ported to have been reached be tween Chile and Bolivia under which Bolivia would be granted the port of Arica, in Arica province, and Peru has formally protested to Bolivia against the grant. senaWoTk. for c. r. crane Washington, March 16. After only brief discussion and by unani mous vote, the senate foreign rela tions committee today favorably reported the nomination of Charles R. Crane of Chicago to be minister to China. OTHER NATIONS DON'T RECOGNIZE REGIME OF KAPP The Hague, March 16. Holland so far is recognizing only the Kbert government of Germany and' is dealing only with the rep resentative of that regime here, it is . learned from government sources. No other action will be taken by The Netherlands until the present chaos in Germany is ended. Madrid, March 13. Spain will not recognize the new German government until that step is taken by a majority of the allied governments, according to an nouncement here. REFUSES SPECIAL SESSION TO HELP . CAUSE OF WOMEN Hartford, Conn., March lfi. Governor Holcomb refused to call a special session of the legislature to act on the woman suffrage amendment. LUDENDORFF AT SESSION HELD BT NEW GOVERNMENT London, March 16. The new government at Berlin held a cab inet council last night which was attended by General Ludendorff, former first quartermaster of the Germany army, according to a dis patch to the Exchange Telegraph from Berlin by way of Amsterdam. SOVIET RULE IS SETUP AT HOF Amsterdam, Mach 16. A dis patch to the Handelsblad from Berlin today says that a soviet re public has been proclaimed at lltt Bavaria. Hof is in northeastern Bavaria, 30 miles northest of I'ayruth. II j has a population of about thirty 1 three thousand. II