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Rock Island Argus. (Rock Island, Ill.) 1893-1920, March 19, 1920, Image 1

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ROCK ISLAND ARGC
A Western Iffihgis Paper for Western Illinois People
XY-NINTH YEAR. NO. 129.
FRIDAY MARCH 19, 1920 TWENTY PAGEST
I-" PRICE FIVE CENTS.
AVBU BCBKAO OV CIBOCLATJO.
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ELERT SOLDIERS RULE I N
CERLIN BUT DISORDER IS
GENERAL OVER GERMANY
Kipp Forces, Withdrawing from Capital, Left Chaos
Which Government Is Combating While Try- 1
ing to Reorganise to Meet Demands.
Copenhagen, March 19.
issued for the arrest of General Ludendorff and of
Colonel muer, cnaractenzea as juaenaorn, s "ngnt
hand man," says a dispatch to the Social Derhokraten
from Berlin today. . ; '.
Berlin is still under the rule of
bayonets, but troops loyal to we;
Ebert government patrol the:
treed. Forces which represented!
the regime set up last Saturday by
Dr. Wolfgang Kapp, and his fol
lowers left Berlin yesterday.
Withdrawal of these soldiers.
however, left chaos behind, as the j
nar guard turned against jeering .
crowds in I nter-den-Linden and !
tred. many citizens being kiUed and j
cores wounded. More bloodshed
occurred near the parliament build-
tap, while in Chariot tenburg and I
oilur suburbs dashes resulted In
lots of life. ,
Xo Organized Red Attack.
wuie rauicai elements nave uui
nn.u. n h
piil, economic conditions are
tacribed as serious. The resump-
uoa of power bv the constitutional !
.ornament is opposed by those i
wbo believe tt bargained with the
mctionary leaders who tried to i
-i.. .,, .un. tn ti
I u urgent demand for a reorganlza-
jjon uf the ministry, and changes tn
yoi.cy in important particulars.
Soviet Move Blocked.
Reports from Germany outside of
. ..!. . i,.tc ,
DC lUi ttlK Ul BUVU IUBI uvlli tun,.
a
iftuatlon is '
l clear vow of
the
Hrf to obtain at present. While it
it Bid Soviets have been formed in
uuniier of important towns and
(Kiel and in Industrial districts, It
do. uot appear that movement is
8 irng momentum.
t'eumunisc sympathizers seem to
hate met with stern opposition at
many points. f .
LnettniU Flies Away.
London, March 19. General ven
Luettwiu Is reported to have left
. Berlin by airplane, and it was lm
pncslble to arrest him while the
Iron division was in the city, says
i Berlin dispatch to the Exchange
Telegraph company.
Of greatest importance in the de
velopment of the situation is the
atliiude to be assumed by workers, !
ri the dispatch. The ' general
strike continues and leaders of the
Socialist parties have formulated
the following conditions for the re
sumption of work:
Gustav Noske, minister" of de
fease In the Ebert cabinet, and Dr.
K. W. W. Heince, Prussian minister
of the interior, must resign.
Amnesty must not be granted
General von Lueltwitz and'his con
federates. Want Part In (tavern ment.
There must be extensive partici
Ution by workers in the new gov
ernment and labor legislation must
h introduced in the national as
sembly.
These ronriiiinna aro said tn have!
sen telegraphed to Stuttgart yes- j
jenlay and it was reported in Ber-!
lin that thn first minnlation had !
jn fulfilled by Herr Noske leav-,
iaj the ministry. j
Brnstrff Slated for Place.
Copenhagen. March 19. Count
on Bernstorff, former ambassador
Jo the United States, will be minis
ter of foreign affairs in a reorgan
ed German cabinet, according to
ices reaching here today. The
J Is printed by the Hamburg
chtrlchten, which declares its in
formation came from a reliable
a quarter. .
Dr. Schiffer, vice premier and
minister of justice, will become
chancellor, according to this pro
J". nd General von Seecht will
come minister of defense. Cap
B Fisher Cuneo, general manager
" the Hamburg-American steam
J'P hue, is slated tor the ministry
of finance.
U Parties Condemn Revolt.-t-openhaben.
March 19.--Both
J'MUv Noske, minister of defense
we Ebert government and Dr.
2l W. Heine, Prussian minister
" interior, have resigned, ac
"" to a dispatch from Stutt
wrt quoting the Hamburg Fremien-
Another message from Stuttgart
J?es uat at the conclusion of
national assembly's debate, yes
"y. Kerstantin Fehrenbach.
fdent of the assembly, declared
? as plain that all parties con
Wjned the revolt
We mourn the dead and convey
" condolences to their depend
J.r be aid- A' this point all tie
(Jlies stood up.
7 it,: jalucnl r ehrenbach expressed
1 l.Jope tnat tDe general strike
aii lerai,nate quickly and that
9fe eoP,B woW return to
sill 27 police in Ireland.
adon, March 19. James lan
"unerion, chief secretary for
"aa. announced 27 police and
overnment Minima k. v. .
Uslnated in Ireland sine Jan. 1.
Warrants have been
LAWMAKERS 00
TO BERLIN FOR
THEIR SESSION
No' Resignation Not Accepted
and
Warrants for Revolt
Leaders Ordered.
e4l,,,- 1(i rt.
Stuttgart, March 18. The nation
7 t " ,. "
ordinary s"?si?nJ?erV JJ "f
? was1,declar f
"t by its president konstantin
Fahrenbach. to meet in Berlin on
Tuesday next. The government
decided to proceed to Berlin on
SuJ?ny.
The majority socialist leaders
here have demanded that Gustav
Noske, minister of defense, resign.
i "r - j j ,
lernment has not reached a decision
M t0 acceptance of his resignation
and will not do so until the cabnet
haa considered the question. Should
Noske retire, it seems probable he
wili 'be succeeded -by Genetal-vou
Seecht, now' In command of the
troop in Berlin. , Dr. Sdhiffer, min
ister of Justice, is being mentioned
for the premiership in the proposed
reorganized cabinet. -
Noske Fails to Explain.
Noske was present at the assem
bly session today when Phillip
Scheidemann, majority socialist
leader and former premier, attack
ed the minister of defense. in a
stirring speech and demanded a
radical overhauling of the cabinet
Herr Henke, leader of the inde
pendent socialists, .' asked Noske
where he was when the Kapp forces
had their hands at the govern
ment's throats and why he did not
"break their bones," but Noske, by
this time, had disappeared from the
chamber.
Representatives of all the princi
pal parties delivered speeches con
demning the Kapp movement atd
urging the punishment of the
guilty. . .
Orders Warrants Drawn.
The government haa instructed
the court at Leipsic to draw war
rants against nine of the principals
in the revolt movement but there
is still discussion of how severely
these men shall be punished.
DOG WILHELM'S
FOOTSTEPS SO
HE CAN'T FLEE
.
Amerongen, March 19. (By The
Associated Press.) Evidence that
an extremely close guard has been
placed by the Dutch government
over former Emperor William was
obtained today. Police officers
were detailed to follow him a few
steps In the rear, as he walked
about the garden of the Bentinck
castle here.
Wieringen, Holland, March 19.
Movements of Dutch torpedo boats
oft the Zuyder Zee coast near Wier
ingen, mystified the Dutch. The
former Crown Prince William of
Germany is at Wieringen.
JAPSlllOOD
FOR SHANTUNG
NEGOTIATIONS
Tokio. March IS. (By the Assoj
elated Press). It Is understood
here that the government has in
structed Yukichs Ofcata, the Japa
nese mtnUter in Peking, to begin
negotiations immediately for a
speedy settlement on ue ananmn
question, as the view of the Japa
nese and Chinese commissioners
appointed to Investigate have txfen
found to concur in the main points
and Japan is ready to make large
concessions toward an amicable
solution.
STRIP HUNGARY
OF EVERYTHING
BUT ITS DEBTS
Area Opposed to War
Suffers ' Most Under
. "t Treaty, It Claims.
' Paris, March 2. (By Mail).
The Hungarian peace treaty is a
"sentence of death," Count Albert
Apponyi, bead of the Hungarian
peace commission declares in the
first of two articles he pas given
to the Associated Press. k
"The decision of the allies was
based on one-sided information and
Hungary never got a chance to
present the facta of her own prob
lems from her own point of view,"
be says.
Analysing the treaty he declares
that it takes away from Hungary
two-thirds of her territory and
population and gives to what is left
defenseless frontiers, everywhere
open to hostile invasion. She is
deprived, he says, of almost all her
woodland, pasture ground, iron ore,
shale, oil, gas, water power and
the greater part of her manufactur
ing; establishments and best coal
mines.
. On the "impoverished" bit re
maining, he adds, the allies have
laid to a large extent "the burden
of the national debt contracted by
the whole country before its mu
tilation and the further burdens
i of 'reparations'."
I Hungary was opposed to the war
and Count Tisza, her prime minis
ter, objected to the ultimatum to
Serbia, but she was dragged in by
her allies, he says in conclusion.'
AWAIT FATE OF
NEWBERRY AND
84 ASSOCIATES
Two Counts Left to Be Passed Upon
and Jury Probably Faces a
Long: Session,
Orand Rapids,- MfcnTMarch 19.
The Jury charged with deciding the
innocence or guilt of Truman H
Newberry and 84 co-defendants on
trial here for eight weeks for al
leged violation of the election laws,
resumed its deliberations at 9
o'clock this morning. The case
was passed to the jurors late yes
terday, and an hour later they
were excused for the night by
Judge Clarence W. Sessions.
Owing to the large number of de
fendants and various verdicts thatt
: v. i . i i . '
uiiiu im itnurum, mere was mucu
speculation as to the amount of
time the jurors might require to
render their decision.
Of the six counts in the indict
mentonly two remained the
first, charging criminal conspiracy
to procure the nomination and elec
tion of Newberry as United States
senator in violation of state and
federal election laws, and the sixth,
charging use of the mails to de
fraud. In instructing the jury. Judge
Sessions said verdicts of guilty or
not guilty on either or both of the
counts might be brought in as to
all the defendants, but that a re
turn on each of the defendants
would be necessary if the verdict
differed as to individuals.
U.S. General Worsted
2 Rumanian Companies
With His Riding Whip
Washington, March- 19. Briga
dier General Henry H. Bandholta,
for six months American military
representative in Hungary, arrived
here today and reported to General
March, chief of staff, and under
Secretary Polk at the state depart
ment. '
General Bandholtz was in Buda
pest during the Roumanian occu
pation and according to a story told
by his associates be succeeded on
one occasion in driving two com-
f anies of Roumanian soldiers out of
he Hungarian royal palace with
the aid of his riding whip and an
American telephone operator.
General BandholU is understood
Blowing Soap Bubbles
Offense in State Home
For Soldiers9 Orphans
Chicago, March 19. Blowing soap
bubbles is aii offense in the Illinois
state home for soldiers' orphans,
where 338 children of war veterans
are housed.
Miss Annie Hinrichsen, secretary
of the department of public wel
fare, found two smalt boys kneel
ing on a crack for punishment, on
a visit to the borne yesterday.
"What did yon do?" she asked.
' "Blew soap bubbles."
Sick Play tn CelL .
Miss Hinrichsen reported to her
chief. Charles H. Thorn e. that the
TROOPS AND
WORKMEN IN
BLOODY WAR
Nearly All Big Towns of
Germany Report San
guinary Clashes. ,
London, March 19. Hundreds of
persons have been 'killed in the
mining districts of Germany in col
lisions between miners and troops.
it is declared in reports from Ger
many received at Copenhagen, the
Central News correspondent in that
city telegraphs.
Telegrams received from the big
towns in Germany, the message
states, show that fighting is pro
ceeding in nearly all the thickly
populated areas where soldiSrsand
workers are opposed.
Fifty Dead at Dresden.
Stuttgart, March 17. Fifty per
sons were killed at Dresden in a
sudden clash between a students'
organization and a mob, according
to the story of a witness who has
arrived here. At Frankfort 80 per
sons have been killed in recent dis
orders, and several hundred wound
ed have reached the hospitals.
Fifty persons were killed in most
violent fighting in Leipsic. Work
men, in their clash with troops,
threw up barricades, dug trenches
and fought almost organized war
fare. Mines were exploded near
the railway station.
Fire on Berlin Crowd.
Coblenz, March 18, 9 p. m. (By
the Associated Press.) Twenty
persons were killed when General
von Luettwitz' troops fired into the
crowd as the soldiers were leaving
Berlin this afternoon, according to
Berlin" advices received here.
Troops of the Ebert government
were guarding the city, and a gen
eral communist outbreak was still
threatening, according to these ad
vices. Appeal to Troops.
Berlin, March 18. General yon
Seecht, in comand of the troops
at Berlin, issued a proclamation to
the army today, in the name of the
minister of defense, urging it "to
stand together as before, against
any attempts to establish bolshev-
ism."
He asked the troops "to place
the welfare of the fatherland be
fore all other considerations."
CHAPLIN GAY AS
HE SEEMS TO BE?
DIVORCE COMING
Los Angeles, Cal., March 19.
Following domestic trouble in the
family of Charlie Chaplin, which
are soon to culminate in a suit for
divorce filed by Mrs. Chaplin,
known in the film world as Mildred
Harris, Chaplin is said to have
stated that he will file a counter
suit in the event action is taken by
his wife. Attorneys for Mrs.
Chaplin say that Chaplin has visit
ed their client at ber Oxford street
home many times in an effort to
persuade her to accept $25,000 and
file suit in Nevada on "nominal
grounds."
to be in sympathy with some of the
modifications of the peace terms
asked by the Hungarian delegation.
The Hungarians requested a con
tinuation for three years of the
trade relationship which existed
before the war so that the country
might get back on its feet, finan
cially. Hungary also insisted on a pleb
iscite, under inter-allied control, in
the territories which were a part
of pre-war Hungary. This, would
include Slovakia, now a part of the
Czecho-Slovak republic, the area
east of the Thiess river, which was
ceded to Roumania, and a strip of
land in the south given to the Serb
Sloven state.
home had only three toys, that the
playroom for sick children was a
cement "cell" in the basement, de
void of all furniture; that children
suffering from contagions diseases
slept in .the same beds with those
who were well, three to a bed; and
that sick children, including 5-year-old
twins, were foand scrub
bing the cement floors.
Each Sick Twice a Tew.
The hospital records show twice
as many contagious disease cases
each year as there are. inmates in
the home. .. ..
CONGRESS OUT
OF LUCK FROM
PARTISAN VIEW
C O P. Must Levy New
Taxes On Eve of Pres
idential Election.
BT DATID LAWRENCE.
(Special to The Argus.)
Washington, D. C, March 19.
Taxation may 'not be as intelligable
to the average man as the stories
of extravagant expenditures-during
the war, which has heaped up a
big debt, but the Republican ma
jority in congress is face to face
with the most troublesome turn of
luck that ever hit a political party
in. a campaign year. For the de
cision of the supreme court of the j
United States on stock dividends
has not only subtracted from the
revenue that had been expected,
but unless remedied by act of con
gress hundreds of millions of dol
lars will be lost and the eagerly
looked for day when taxes can be
reduced will have to be postponed.
The ways and means committee
knows it Republicans as well as
Democrats. The long and highly
technical letter from Secretary
Houston of the treasury department
elicited by congress suggests sev
eral remedies none of which is par
ticularly palatable to the group of
tax payers who would lie affected
by amendments to the present law.
Every suggestion, from a flat tax
that would virtually compel busi
ness concerns to distribute their
profits instead of holding such
profits together as "undistributed,"
or in the form of "stock dividends,"
to the novel idea of a 1 per cent
tax on sales of all kinds in every
day business has been made. Some
of the proposals, backed by busi
ness organizations of many kinds,
are nebulous as to their applica
tion. Some favor a 1 per cent tax
on every article sold, whether by
tne wholesaler or the retailer or
the middle man. This might mean
a 1 per cent tax all along the line,
and it is defended on the ground
that even if collected four or five
times it would still be less of a
burden on initiative than the pres
ent excess profits tax.
Mast Do Something-.
But congress is compelled to do
something to recoup the loss by
the stock dividend decision. Chair
man Fordney. Republican leader,
openly promised action in reply to
an ' inquiry from Representative
Champ Clark, the Democratic lead
er. I asked Representative Cor
dell Hull of Tennessee, who wrote
the original income tax law, to
give his view of the situation. He
said :
I "The Democrats foresaw the de-
, 1 i . : . l
uiauu in I IX reuuciiuo ui uea wu
promptly cut down two billions of
dollars in possible revenue. This
was done over the protest or tne
Republicans in 1918. for they would
have liked to do it themselves when
they came in power. The Demo
crats, moreover, reduced the ex
penditures from about fifteen to
(Continued on Page Seven.)
FIRST ARREST
IN COAL CASE
Indianapolis, Ind., March 19.
Carl J. Fletcher of the Indianap
olis, secretary of the Knox County
coal Operators association, sur
rendered himself to the United
States marshal here today. Fletch
er is one of the 125 coal operators
and miners indicted here by a spe
cial federal grand jury last week
on a conspiracy to enhance the
price of . coal and to defraud the
United States government.
Fletcher was the first man in
dicted to surrender himself. Ca
piases have been in the hands of a
printer for several days but none
has been served. It was said here
that others indicted intended to
give themselves up during the aft
ernoon. MARGIN ON SALE
OF CLOTHES HIGH
AS 150 PER CENT
Philadelphia, Pa.. March 19.
Frank B. McClain, fair price com
missioner, told the chamber of
commerce retail sellers of wearing
apparel in 10 Pennsylvania cities
charge from 91 to 150 per cent
above cost.
LINK NAME WITH
CROWN PRINCE'S;
AWARD DAMAGE
London, March- 18. Miss Gladys
Deacon of Boston, Mass.. sister of
Princess Radsiwill, was awarded a
verdict of 500 pounds and costs
against the Daily Graphic in court
here today, as damages for the pub
lication of a libelous article-Uy the
newspaper on Jan. IS. It appeared
daring the trial of the case in the
lord chief Justice's court that the
article complained of had asserted
Miss Deacon .was "banished from
Germany, where ber name was fre
quently coupled with that of
crown prince."
the
.
U.S. STIRRED
BY RULING OF
CODSION
Reparations Body Heara
From Order for Sale of
German Property.
Washington, March 19. "Strong
remonstrances" have been made by
the American government against
rulings of the allied' reparations
commission that under the peace
treaty, sale of certain German prop
erty in neutral countries can be
forced if necessary to satify the in
itial payment of the German in
demnity. Interpreted Otherwise.
Under Secretary Polk of the
state department, writing today to
Senator Henderson, Democrat, Ne
vada, said "a further protest" was
in preparation as such as construc
tion of the treaty was contrary to
an official interpretation exchanged
between Germany and the allied
powers.
Washington, March 19. Mr.
Polk's letter was in response' to
an inquiry by Senator Henderson
regarding reports that Great Brit
ain had requested that German
property and the rights of German
citizens in electrical enterprises in
South America be taken over by
the commission and subsequently
transferred to Great Britain as
part of the indemnity due it by
Germany.
Take Any Commodities. '
Mr. Polk said the state depart
ment bad - no information as to
this, but added:
"There has been received, how
ever, certain information having
relation to your inquiry to the ef
fect that the allied government
represented . on the reparations
commission have advanced ' and
provisionally adopted a construc
tion of article 235 'which would
empower the reparations commis
sion to demand payment by Ger
many of the initial 20,000,000.000
gold marks in any commodities,
gold, ships or otherwise which the
reparations commission may desire,
and in the exercise of such power
the commission may require the
sale of German property in neu
tral countries, at least if in the
form of credits or securities. Un
der such power it is possible that
the sale to the reparations commis
sion of the securities controlled by
German corporate enterprises in
South America might be required
of Germany.
Have o Rights.
"The department is endeavoring
unofficially to keep in touch with
the matters coming up for decision
before the commission in -order
that any action taken by the com
mission that might be in derogation
of America's trade opportunities
should not pass unchallenged. The
department is handicapped, how
ever, in that it has no right to de
mand such information, and this
government not having ratified the
treaty can not exercise the right to
veto an interpretation of the com
mission's powers such as . contain
ed in the construction of article
235 mentioned above.
"Nevertheless, strong remon
strance has been made and a fur
ther protest is in preparation on
the ground that the assumption
and use of such powers is preju
dicial to general economic recon
struction; offers an opportunity to
the governments dominating the
reparations commission indirectly
to exercise a dangerous controlling
influence on provisional trade with
Germany and incidentally is unwar
ranted by the terms of the treaty
and contrary to the spirit, if not
the letter, of the official interpre
tation given Germany by the al
lied powers before the signing of
the treaty.
Outcome FncerUin.
"The result of such protest is
hard to predict, as by the terms of
the treaty the influence and power
of a large part of the civilized
world is concentrated behind a de
cision of the reparations commis
sion and the absolute veto power
especially provided to the United
States in such matters can be exer
cised only if and when we ratify
the treaty.
Senator Henderson said the offi
cial interpretation referred to by
Mr. Polk was contained in formal
notes exchanged between Germany
and the allies in which the under
standing was reached that the
property of German citisens in neu
tral countries could not be taken.
The senator also said that inquir
ies at the state department disclos
ed that no replies to the United
States' protest had been received.
BRYAN, 60 YEARS
Ur AUt, HUNUKED
BY HIS FRIENDS
New York, March 19. William
Jennings Bryan celebrated his 60th
birthday in New York today. He ar
rived here this morning from Wash
ington lo speak at a baoqaet to be
given in his honor by friends at
I the Aldiae jJub tonight. -
RATIFICATION
PREAMBLE PUT
IN FINAL FORM
Washington, March 19 The
ratiicatloB preamble as finally
passed by the senate todaj for
a flnal vote Is as follows:
'That the senate advise and
consent to the ratification of
the' treaty of peace wllh Ger
many concluded at Versailles
en the 21 h day of June, 1919,
snbject to the following reser
vations and understandings,
which are hereby made a part
and condition of this resolu
tion of ratification, which rati
fication Is not to take effect or
bind the United States until the
said reservations and under
standings adopted by the sen
ate have been accepted as a
part and a condition of this
resolution or ratification by the
allied and associated powers to
and a failure on the part of the
ailed and associated powers to
make objection to said reser
vations and understandings
prior to the deposit of ratifica
tion by the Cnited States shall
be taken as a full and final ac
ceptance of such reservations
and understandings by sorb
powers."
CHICAGO VOTES
ON GREAT BOND
ISSUE BY CITY
Municipality Asked to
$34,500,000 Bonds in
Spring Election.
Chicago, March 19. Bond issues
totalling $34,500,000 will be sub
mitted to Chicago voters for ap
proval at an election April 13. The
city council voted yesterday Ir. fa
vor of the issue, $5,000,000 of which
would be used in the construction
of a municipal convention hall.
The proposed convention hall. In
tended to accommodate national
gatherings, would not be construct
ed for three years.
EXPECTS MINE
AGREEMENT ON
REPORT BASIS
Washington, March 19. Presi
dent Wilson expects the bituminous
coal operators and miners to work
ont their contracts for the new coal
year beginning April 1, on the ba
sis of the majority report of the
coal strike settlement commission.
Attorney General Palmer said to
day after a conference with Secre
tary Tumulty at the White house.
Mr. Palmer said the minority re
port, made by John P. White, the
miners' representative, would be
submitted by the president along
with the majority report merely
because it would have some bear
ing on any settlement reached at
the proposed conference between
the operators and miners.
Mr. Palmer was accompanied to
the White house by Walker D.
Hines, head of the railroad admin
istration, the purpose of the visit
being to confer with Mr. Tumulty
on the form to be followed by the
president in making public the
commission's findings. The attor
ney general said the president, in
submitting -the two reports to the
miners and operators, would give
out the points at issue for their
consideration when they meet to
arrange the new contracts.
No date for such a meeting has
yet been announced.
WOOD-JOHNSON
BACKERS SPLIT
Minneapolis. Minn.. March 19.
The Tenth district Republican con
vention here this afternoon after a
turbulent factional fight, broke into
two conventions. One faction, un
favorable to the candidacy of Sena
tor Hiram Johnson of California,
elected Congressman Thomas D.
Schall and L. M. Mithum of Buffalo
as nninstructed delegates to the
national convention whereupon the
delegates supporting Leonard Wood
witnarew and formed a separate
temporary organization.
-o
The Weather
i
o o
Fair and somewhat colder to
night, the lowest temperature to be
about 25 to 30 degrees. Saturday
and Sunday, fair with rising tem
perature. Highest yesterday, 36; lowest
last night. 36.
Wind Telocity, 6 miles per hour.
Precipitation, .33 inch.
12 m. 7 p. m. 7 a. m.
yester. yester. today
Dry balb temp....3C 36 27
Wet bulb temp.. .33 35 J6
Rel. humidity ...73 94 90
River stage, 6.2; a fall of .4 fti
the last 24 hours. !
i. M. SHERIER. Meteorologist.
DAY'S AGTEQI
EXPECTED TO
BE HISTORIC
After Upholding Ireland
Senate Adopts Modi- ;
fied Preamble.
Washington, March 19. Prepar
ing for a final vote on the ratifica
tion of the peace treaty, the sen
ate today adopted the modified res
ervation preamble worked out In
the bi-partisan conference under
which affirmative acceptance of the
reservations by the other powers
would not be required.
Silence Means Consent.
The preamble provides that "fail
ure on the part of the allied and
associated powers to make . objec
tion to said reservations and under
standings prior to the deposit of
ratification by the United States
shall be taken as a full and final ac
ceptance of such reservations and
understandings by said powers."
The preamble was offered by
Senator Lodge, of Massachusetts,
the Republican leader and accept
ed without a roll call.
By a vote of 41 to 42, the senate
refused to write into the preamble
a provision that the ratification
should not be binding unless the
president deposited it within 90 days
after the senate acted.
The amendment was presented by
Senator Brandegee, Republican,
Connecticut, and was supported by
38 Republicans and Senators Reed
of Missouri, Shields of Tennessee, .
and Walsh of Massachusetts, Demo
crats, while Senator Cummins of
Iowa, Jones of Washington, and
Townsend of Michigan, Republi-'
cans, voted against it. !
Senator Brandegee argued that "a'
time limit" should be placed on the
president's action and Senator
Hitchcock of Nebraska, administra
tion leader, suggested that it was
"improbable" that the treaty would
get to the president or that be
would deposit it
Agree It Will Fall.
When debate on the question of
ratification began there was a vir-j.
tually unanimous agreement among;
senators that the treaty would fail j
and speakers on both sides sought!
to shift the blame for the outcome. .
It seemed likely that the session
would run well into thp night if the,
leaders carried out their plan to in
sist on a vote before adjournment, i
Support Irish Canse.
After a long night session devoted '
almost entirely to discussion and I
adoption of a new reservation de-
daring sympathy for self-govern- i
ment in Ireland, the senate expect
ed today to reach a final vote on '
ratification of the peace treaty.
The ratification resolution still '
was incomplete when the senators
met for the session destined to be
come historic. Plans for perfect
ing the resolution yesterday had
been swept aside by the bitter con- -troversy
over the Irish qualifica
tion, rivaling in some aspects the
long drawn out fight over the res
ervation to Article X, which was
thrust forward unexpectedly In an j
! unsuccessful effort at modification. I
Between the two, there was no time
left for other than minor questions.
BOLSHEVISTS SAY
THEY'VE ALASKA
ABOUT LINED UP
Paris. March 19. The Temps
quoted a Russian bolshevik! radio
gram as saying, in connection with
bolshevik propaganda in Alaska:
"The population of Alaska It
seeking to separate from the Unit
ed States and organize a soviet
government."
REPORT COLBY
0. K. WITHOUT
A RECORD VOTE
Washington, March 19. The
nomination of Bainbridge Colby to
be secretary of state, which has
been the subject of extensive bear
ings by the senate foreign relations
committee, was favorably reported
today by the committee without a
record vote.
The committee's report generally
was regarded as forecasting favor
able action by the senate, although
It was indicated that there prob
ably would be considerable debate.
Some Republican members of the
committee, it was understood, gave
notice that they would reserve lib
erty of action when the subject
came up in the senate. '
Only a few minutes of discis
sion preceded the committee's de
cision. There was said to have
been a general agreement that Mr,
it M. ' 1
M
Colby's statement yesterday h
made it unnecessary to call a
tional witnesses.
j'
I
n
2.
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