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The Rock Island Argus. (Rock Island, Ill.) 1877-1885, March 05, 1877, Image 2

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BOCK ISliAlTD IXLIKOIS,
Monday, March 5. 1377.
NEWSPAPERS AND NEWSPAPER
MEN IN BOCK ISLAND
COUNTT.
BY J. B, DAMFORTB, JR.
No. 4.
(Concluded)
FRANCIS K. BENNETT.
Frank Bennett's pareDta were natives
of Brattleboro, Vt., were married in 1822
and removed to Canada, near Montreal,
where Frank was borD, Nov. 27, 1S25. In
1826 Lis parents returned to Brattleboro;
in 1832 they removed to Montrose, Pa.,
and in May, 1837, to Davenport, Iowa.
He was then 12 years of age and had, up
to that time, been kept regularly at school
and probably had an average education of
boys of that age at that time. He attended
school no more of any consequenco but
went to learn the printing business in 1841
in the office of the Davenport Gazette,
(Sanders & Pa vis, publishers) and gradual
iin May 1845. The first place he worked
as journyman was the same year in the
office of H. G. Eeynolds,in Rock Island, on
the Ujiper Miisisiiijqyian, and in the fall of
1847 the Nrthtoestern Advertiser came
into his possession. The name of the
paper was then changed to Rock Island
Advertiser. In 1851 A. G. Brackett he
came associated with Bennett, which con
nection was dissolved the following year
by his accepting the appointment of First
Lieut, in the regular army.
In the fall of 1853 the Advertiser office
was sold to Raymond & Wharton.and Ben
nett went to farming, in company with his
father, in the western part of Scott county
Iowa. In 1857 he removed to Frioceton,
in the same county, and engaged in
merchandising, and in the fall of 1S59 re
moved to Lyons, Iowa, and engaged in the
same business. In the spring of 1861 he
sold his Btock of goods. In June of the
same year his wife died at the age of 32.
The following year he visited Colorado, re
turning in the fall; was again married in J an;
1863 and in the spring following returned
with his family to Denver, Colorado,where
he engaged in the lumber business. He
returned to Lyons.Iowa in November 1S6"
and engaged in various pursuits until 1872
when he returned to the old business again,
in the Advocate office, in Lyons. Thus,
after an alsence from the business of
nearly 20 years he got back into the busi
ness probably never again to leave
it permanently.
In 1874 be bought an intorest in the
Dthnur Journal, then called the Clipper-
Journal, aud afterwards bought the office
envire, which paper he is now conducting
COL. BRACKETT.
Albert G, Brackett, formerl7 associated
with Mr. Bennett &s editor of the "Rock
Island Advertiser," now Lieut. Col. Second
Cavalry.U. S. A was born at Cherry Valley,
Otsego county. New York, February 14,
182'J, In Juue 1847, he was a 1st Lieut
in the 4th Regiment of Indiana Volun
teer;, raided to serve in the war with
Mexico, Willis A. Gorman, Colonel, at
tached to General Jo. Lane's Brigade.
After engaging io various.battlesat Iluam
ontla, Si'ige uf Puebla and Atlixco he wan
honorably mustered out in August 184H,
and came to Rock Island iu the fall
181'J,
In September 1S51 he was senior edi
tor of the "Rock hland Advertiser," and
whilo iu this capacity published a series
of nketehes about the early history and
settlement ot Rock Islaod and vicinity,
which have recently been republish
ed in The A Rous.
The Advertiser then being the only
paper published at Rock Island it had
much patronage from the adjoining coun
ties of Henry, Mercer and Whiteside,
where it exerted a considerable degree of
influence. ' This paper, aided by the two
papers then published at Davenport,
Iowa.tho "Gazette," and the ''Banner." and
by the "Peru (Ills) Democrat" strenuously
urged the importance of building the
''Chicago aud Rock Island railroad," the
building of which was then opposed by
many influential citizens of Illinois.
The Advertiser was a zealous advocate
of the election of Gen. Scott to the presi
dency, but in October, previous to the
election, Col. Brackett sold his interest iu
the establishment to Mr. F. R. Bennett,
who then became sole owner.
In 1854 Col. Brackett wrote a book,
called ''Lane's Brigade in Mexico," pub
lished at Cincinnati, Ohio. The year
following, in March 1855, he was appoint
ed by Franklin Pierce, president of the
United States, a captain of cavalry iu the
United States army. After raising by
recruits from Rock Island a company of
regulars for tho 2nd Regiment. U, S.
oavalry, he proceeded to Texas to guard
tho country from the hostile incursions of
Indians and Mexicans. For this duty he
received the special commendation of
General Scott. Remaining there some
four years, until the breakiug out of the
war between the states, with much diffi
culty he escaped from Texas after the sur
render by General Twiggs to the confed
erates of his whote command, which in
cluded the regiment theu commanded by
Lieut, Col, Robert E, Lee, in which
regimenti Col. Brackett was then a cap
tain. Making his way to Florida, thence
to Cuba and New York, he proceeded to
Washington. After recruiting his company
at Carlisle Barracks, Peon., he marched
to Washington and was with tho first
troops that crossed the Potomac into Vir
ginia. They were at the battle of Black
burn's Ford on the Friday preceeding the
battle of Bull's Run, and at the battle of
Bull's Run, July 21, 1861, acted through
the whole day as escort to General
McDowell, and fortheir vigorous action in
covering that disastrous retreat he re
ceived the special approbation of hU com
mander. Id tho fall of 1861, bo was or
dered to raise a regiment of cavalry from
the northwestern states, He proceeded
to Chicago and there soon raised his regi
ment . of 1200 men, chiefly from the
state of Illinoispartly from the state of
Indiana, which was subsequently, in
aasusoiuif. quotas to different atates, as
signed as an Illinois Regiment and desig
nated as the 9th Illinois Vol Cav. Regi
ment, of which be was colonel through the
war. At the desperate battle oflStewart's
Plantation, Jackson county, Arkansas,
where the enemy were defeated, Col,
Brackett was severely wounded, on the
27th of June 1862. The next month be
received his major's commission in the 1st
U. S., Cavalry and was Aid-de-Camp to
the governor of Illinois. In 1863 he was
chief of cavalry of department of Mis
souri, and mustering and disbursing offi
cer at bt, Louis. In 1864 be was
Assistant Inspector Gen'l of Cavalry, De
partment of the Cumberland, and engaged
in the battles in front of Atlanta, Georgia,
and the battles of Nashvitle, Tenn. He
was brevetted Major for gallant services in
the Arkansas campaign; Lieut. Col. for
gallant and meritorious services in the
Atlanta campaign; aud Colonel for gallant
and meritorious services during the war,
In 1865 he was in command of 1st U. S
t;avalry at iNew Urleaos, La. In the year
1866 he proceeded to California via Pan
ama, and in that year and the succeeding
years of 1867 aid 1868, was commanding
posts of Presidio, Drum barracks and Camp
near Los Angeles, California, Fort Church
ill and Districts of Nevada and Summit
Lake in Nevada, Fort Vancoyer in Wash
ington Terr. June 9th, 1868, he was com
sioned Lieut. Col. 2nd U. S. Cavalry, and
went on service in Arizona. In 1869 he
commanded the 2nd V. S. Cavalry at Fort
Pberson in Nebraska, and led a battalion
of that regiment to Fort Ellis, Montana
Terr., to distribute supplies to Crow In
dians on the Yellowstone, and remained in
comaiand thero to close of the year. At
Omaha Barracks in theyear 1870. In 1871,
commanding at Fort Steele. In 1872, com
manding at Fort Bridger. Wyoming. At
Camp Stansbaugh. Wyoming, in 1873, and
in 1S74 and 1875, at Fort Saunders, Wy
oming Terr. In the year 1865, Col. Brack
ett published.through the Harper Brothers,
New York, a History of the U. S. Cavalry,
He is now with his brother, Wm. Brackett,
Esq., iu Chicago, and is in poor health, but
hopes soon to be able to join his regiment
He never fancied the hard application to
details ia the office of a newspaper, but he
was a good writer and a man of brains and
culture. As a brave and gallant soldier
his record is above reproach.
RAYMOND AND WHARTON.
The Advertiser, of Sept. 14, 1S53, con
tains the valedictory of Mr. Bennett, who
sinco the retirement of Col. Brackett,
about a year previously, had been the sole
editor and proprietor. The same, issue
also contains the introduction of the new
proprietors, Thou as R. Raymond and
Oliver P. Wharton.
Mr. Raymond was born in 1812, in Pots
dam. N.Y.; educated in a common school,
and at the St.Lawience Academy, (founded
by his father), and lastly in a printing
office at Potsdam, and afterwards worked
at Ogdensburgh, Utica, Rome and Cauun
daigua, N. Y. He removed to Ohio in
1832, in which state he resided for seven
teen years, and during this time he was at
different periods interested in the publica
tion cf papers at Urbana, Gain bier, Sidney,
and twice at Cincinnati, O. He moved to
Chicago in the fall of 1849, and from there
to Rock Island in spring of 1853, where he
resided six years, during which time lie
was twice connected with the Advertiser, in
company with O. P. Wharton. After bis
first dissolution with Wharton he opened a
job printing office in Gothic Block, over the
stores now occupied by Joseph Baker and
by Geo. L. Quist, in Buford's Block. From
here he went to Muscatine, Iowa, in 1859t
and from thence returned to Chicago in
the tall of 1861, where ho remained
ten years. Soon after tho great fire iu
1871 he removed to Lake Superior, residing
at Bayfield and Ashland three years, from
thence, in the fall of 1874, to Colo
rado, and is now residing at Colorado
Springs rear Pike's Peak.
Mr. W barton was born in Muskingum
county, Ohio, May 26th, 1830, near the
town of Cumberland, in Guernsey county,
and educated, principally, in the common
schools, but once attended what was called
an "Academy" a couple ot sessions, where
he learned a very little latin, some of the
higher branches of English, and consider
able of what is known as "devilment."
After he was 15 years of age he attended
school no more, but clerked in a country
store till the spring of 1848, when be went
to learn the printing business in Cam
bridge, Ohio, with a man by the name of
Richard Hatton, with whom he remained
till he was able to set up as a jour
printer, in 1851 or thereabouts. He came
to Rock Island about the end of Septem
ber, 1853, and, with T. R.Raymond.bought
the "Advertiser" of Frank Bennett, They
started "The Triweekly Advertiser" Dec.
3d, 1853. The partnership continued to
September 13, 1854, when it was dissolved
by mutual consent. Wharton moving the
news office to the third story of Lee's bard
ware and stove store, then called "City
1111," and Raymond opening a job print
ing office in Gothic Block afterwards the
Register office.
Mr. W barton started ' Tlie Daily Ad
vertiser," on the 13th of September, 1855,
and he writes that he "stood uuder and
over the enterprise till the spring of 1858,
or about that time, when it became too
heavy for mc and I suspended the paper.'
He lelt Rock Island in the fall of 1858'
and improved a peice of land he owned in
Cedar county, Iowa. Improviog naked
prairie, however, did not agree with him
very well in fact, Wharton and hard
work were never very good friends. and
so he sold out in 1860, in the fall, and soon
after became connected with the "Wieat
land Times" in Wheatland, Iowa. There
he remained till February 16th, 1862,
when he enlisted in the army and served
three years and four moDths with varying
fortunes,and then was discharged honora
bly. He then went to Beaver, Pa., and en
tered upon the editorship of a Democratic
paper calUd "The Local," which proved
to be a success. After this he edited a
daily paper iu Alleghany City, called "The
Timet," aud also published a weekly of his
owa in New Brighton, Pa., at the same
time. But thete was too much work iu
this ana he sold out, went to New Castle,
Pa., and took charge of a paper there, re
maining about two years.
, la 1872 be weat to Youagstowa, Ohio,.'
and took the editorship of "The Vindica
tor" a Democratic paper, and has filled
the same position, with an interyal of
about a year, ever since. It is a lively!
manufacturing town of over 16,000 people.
and "The Vindicator" under Mr. Whar
ton's management, is an interesting and
successful newspaper, and an able advo
cate of Democratic principles.
Mr. Wharton was among the most tal
ented of the profession iu Rock Island,
either before or since his time here, but
his social habits while here causedim to
spend too much time in public places and
to neglect his business. "Seeveen ouit"
in beer houses, in which he was gen erally
"stuck," and leaving the office to employes,
was what broke down the Advertiser. He
bad the ability to make an interesting and
influential newspaper, but lacked industry
and application.
wharton's other partners.
In September, 1855, WTharton left Lee's
Block and procured his printing done at
Raymond's job printing office, the di
rection in his paper being as follows
"Publication office at T. R. Raymond's
Printing House, Gothic Block, Illinois
street.
January 16th, 1356, be formed a part
nership with I. S. Hyatt, and introduced
him as follows:
PAUTNEU8U1P NOTICE,
From aud after this date the Rock Island Adver
User will be owned and edited by O. P. Wharton
auai.p. iiyau in joint partnership, under the
style of Wharton & Hyatt. Experience has de
monstrated the Impossibility of one Individual
properly conducting a daily aud weekly newspaper
in this locality, with the circulation of the Adver
finer, and this arrangement is made with a surety
that the paper will be vastly improved and beue-
fltted by it.
Mr. Uyatt is an able aud experienced writer.
having formerly had charire of various newspapers
iu the state of New Vork, and recently is, perhaps,
better known to our citizens, as editor of the Henry
County Dial, a neighboring s heet, which gained
considerable reputation during his connection with
it. Ilia well known modesty (a scarce article
confessedly, with editors generally,) impels me to
make these statements, for a proper understanding
wiin me puuiic. nopiug iDBi me new co-partnership,
and the patrons, readers and borrowers of
Its paper, will have "mony a canty day thegither"
in me ume to come. Wharton.
P. S. Mr. H. will make his debut in to-morrow
paper.
There is nothing in Hyatt's salutatory
wortny oi note ana tne nles ot the paper
give no evidence of the superior ability
claimed for him. On the 2nd cf May
following, the partnership was dissolved,
Hyatt assigning "'pressing demands of
other business" as a reason. Wharton
took no notice of the dissolution in any
way, except to publish Hyatt's card and
take his name out of the paper. Where
he went to I cannot learn.
The paper was continued by Wharton
alone, until the 19th of August, following,
when T. R. Raymond became sole propri
etor, the file of that date containing the
announcement, also at the editorial head.
"0, P. Wharton editor. T. R. Ray
moni associate editor."
On the 1st of December, following,
Wharton's name disappears entirely, and
Raymond introduces Dr. S. A. Paddock as
a partner, but says, "Mr. Wharton will
remain connected with the Advertiser as
one of the editors." The firm was Ray
mond and Paddock.
Dr. Paddock was born at Hudson, N. Y.,
in 1823, graduated at Columbia College in
1844, and was two years resident surgeon
of New York Hospital, In 1846 he was a
a practicing physician at Princeton, Illi
nois. Iu 1847 he was appointed assistant
surgeon in the U. S. N., but declined the
plaee. In 1850 he established a newspa
per at Princeton called "The Yeoman of
the Prairie," which he edited for some
years and then disposed of the establish
ment. In 1855 he was connected
with the Ottawa Republican. In Novem
ber 18;"6, he came to Rock Islaud and
formed a partnership with T. II. Raymond,
in the Advertiser, lhe paper was, how
ever, in failing circumstances, and he
withdrew in less than a year, and returned
to his practice at Princeton. IIo was a
talented, genial, whole-souled man and
much liked by all who knew him.
He was among the first to offer his ser
vices in the late war, and early in 1861
took a company to Chicago, for the 9th
Illinois cavalry. He was made Lieut
Col. of the regiment, but on his way to
the front was takeu sick and died at the
St. Nicholas Hotel, in Blooming ton, aged
39 years.
I have files of the Advertiser only from
March J852 to January 1857, and there
fore am not ablo to follow the changes to
the closing days of the paper, but it conj
tinued to be published in Raymond'
office until sometime in the spring of
1S5S, when it died, and the Whigs, or
Republicans, as they were then called,
were again left without any paper in town.
Report of i he Water Works
Committee.
Rock Island, 111., March 3, 1877.
To the Mayor and City Council of Rock Islaud.
Your committee, who were by you as
sociated with Drs. Truesdale, Gait and
Plummer in the examination of the city
sewers, the water works and their con
nection with the prevailing diarrhoea in
the city, beg leave to make the follow
ing report:
We have at different times, examined
the mouths of the sewers at Seventeeth,
Nineteenth and Twenty-first streets,
and find there has been very little sew
age discharging from either of them ex
cepting tho Nineteenth street Bewer
which has been continuidly flushed out
by an opening in the water main. The
small discharges from the other sewers
is shown by the fact that laborers and
masons have been continually working
in the Twenty-first street sewer for over
six weeks without being troubled by
water.
Not having examined tho sewers in
other years we are unable to estimate
the relative amount of discharges, but
as the winter has been a remarkably dry
one we think the amount has been cor
respondingly small. The water from
the sewers appeared to flow and mingle
naturally with the water in the river
without any unusual obstruction.
The theory advanced by Dr. Trues
dale "that the under packed ice had
formed a channel along the shore of the
river in which the sewage was carried to
the conduit at the water works" does not
seem well founded. The ice so far as
we could observe was nearly uniform in
thickness and the water running through
it seemed to run about as it does when
the river is not covered by ice.
We think the conditions, as to the
amount and flow of sewage of the city,
and the probability of its being pumped
into the water pipes, to be just the same
as they usually are, and the ice in the
river did not and could not increase or
lessen that probability. "We found about
tea feet of water flowing at a rapid rate
at the mouth of the conduit, and it was
clear.
Your committee after consultation
with Drs. Truesdale, Gait and Plummer
did not think a chemical analysis of the
water would give the information de
sired. It would give ns the constituents
of the water but not the condition. We
concluded to have an examination made
as to the comparative purities of the
water used in the water works of Rock
Island and Davenport and that running
in the river that would determine wheth
er or not our hydrant water was unusually
impure and whether or not that im
purity was the result of the location of
the water works.
We first requested Dr. Cowden, of
Rock Island, to make a microscropie ex
amination of several specimens of water
obtained from the city water pipes, the
Davenport water pipes, and from the
river near the railroad bridge, and ascer
tain the degrees of impurity in each.
ims he declined to do on
account of his ill-health. By
th.j advice of Dr. Truesdale and
wiiih the approval of Dr. Plummer,
we then sent several specimens to Dr.
Farquharson, of Davenport, requesting
him to test them thoroughly in any
manner he thought best, so as to deter
mine their actual and relative character.
The specimens were numbered, but Dr.
Farquaharson did not know where they
came from.
We herewith submit his able and ex
haustive report, which will be found of
much value in these investigations. We
have labored under great difficulty from
want of knowledge of facts concerning
the prevalence of diarrhoea. In this
matter we have necessarily relied upon
the information given us by the physi
cians of the city.
One states that all his patients have
used hydrant water, another that 95 per
cent of his patients have used the same
water; and both these gentlemen Buy
positively, that the disease is caused
directly by the hydrant water, and is
confined to those using it. All the other
physicians say their observation does
not lead to such a conclusion that they
know of many cases which this water
could not have caused, and the diarrhoea
exists without reference to the water,
and it is not caused by it.
From this testimony we conclude that
the facts do not prove the truth of the
water theory. And we learn from posi
tive information, that diarrhoea did ex
ist in Milan, Hampton, Port Byron,
Davenport, and Linwood about the same
time it did in Rock Island, which we
think is positive proof that the disease
is not caused by any agency confined to
this city. The cause is beyond the
knowledge of your committee, and we
think beyond the control of the City
Council.
The committee are indebted to Drs.
Truesdale, Gait and Plummer, as well
as other physicians of this city, for aid
in our investigations.
"We pronounce the charges, "That this
committee has been trying to whitewash
the water works, or to hinder investiga
tion," to be slanderous and utterly false.
We have quietly and steadily been
trying to get some positive information
from the confused data, consulted both
Dr, Truesdale and Plummer as to what
investigations we should make, following
their advice whenever they girve it.
e also herewith submit the written
opinion ot J. U. iuorgan, a hydraulic
engineer of Chicago. It will be seen
from Dr. Farquharson's report, that
the water taken from a well on Fourth
avenue was the only specimen unfit for
use as drinking water.
The water works of a city should
always be placed where there is the least
possibility of contamination from its
sewage, and the time may come when it
will be necessary to take our water from
some other point in the Mississippi or
in Rock river, but at present we see no
cause for anxiety concerning the purity
of the water and do not advise the re
moval of the works. When the main
sewer in the slough is built a considera
ble part of the city sewage will dis
charge below the water works. Jiespcct-
tulij- submitted, m. v. jsctler,
Henry Cause,
John Davis,
Committee.
Davenport, Iowa, Feb. 28, 1877.
Hon. W. V. Butler, Mayor of Rock Island, 111 :
Dear Mr : After a careful sanitarv
examination of the several specimens of
drinking water submitted to me for that
purpose, I have the honor to make the
following report :
The result of the examination made
in accordance with the rules laid down
by the English Rivers-Pollaboin com
mission is to be found in the annexed
table, being put in that form for the
sake of convenience.
It will be seen by reference to the ta
ble that of the 7 specimens of water ex
amined, only one (No. 4) was found to
be bad, or unfit for use ns a drinking
water. This water, though very clear,
bright and sparkling (from aeration),
destitute of odor and possessed of no
disagreeable taste, yet gave decided evi
dence of being largely charged with
chlorides, sulphates, ammoniacal salts
and organic matter.
A copious precipitate being thrown
down on the addition of nitrate
of silver, a small portion of the water
was concentrated by boiling ; a drop of
this placed on a glass slide and placed
under the microscope, showed an abun
dant crop of the cubical crystals of
chloride of sodium, thus placing the ex
istence of a high charge of the chlorides
in the water beyond the question of a
doubt. Though common salt is the most
abundant chloride present, yet, as usual
in such cases, whe chlorides, especially
those of potassium, magnesium and cal
cium are associated with it, and the lat
ter (chloride of calcium) would prove
the most noxious ingredient, speoially
to the kidneys and bladder. This water
(No. 4) had no sediment for microscopic
examination.
The six other waters are very much
alike, differing mainly in the quantity of
sediment, and the sediment varying only
in the amount of mud with the sand.
This mud, which is the ordinary mud of
the river bottom, contains a considera
ble amount of organic matter, upon
which the various animalcuhe, and also
the lower vegetables (diatoms, algaa,
confervas, etc.), feed. Animalcuhe were
found in every instance where the sedi
ment was examined; the number, of
course, varied, but they were always
present, being abundant in the sediment
of the water from the main channel or
draw, and also in the sediment of water
taken at various times from the pipes in
Davenport.
That these living organisms, being
almost omnipresent, are no indication
of such decay as to unfit water
for drinking, might readily be
inferred; indeed, their tendency is
rather to prevent decay, and thus pur
ify, or rather keep pure the water.
On this subject Dr. Carpenter (Gen
eral and Comparative Physiology p.
252) says, "It must not be supposed,
however, that these animalcules, as the
name "infusary" sometimes given them
would seem to imply, are confined to
infusions of organic matter, for although
they mostly abound in such, there is no
collection of water, fresh, salt, or stag
nant, in which they are not present, and
they contribute the principal means of
support to many of the larger aquatic
animals, such as zoophytes, the inferior
mollusca and Crustacea, and even to cer
tain fish. Thus their function in the
economy of Nature is to appropriate
organic matters that would otherwise
pass into decomposition, and to bring
them lack into a state in winch tiiey
may afford nutrition to higher ani
mals."
Again, Prof. B. Silliman, Jr., in a
report to the Water Commissioners of
Boston, (1845) has the following perti
nent remarks:
'A part of the sediments from these
10 samples of waters (from various rivers
and lakes in the United States) was
submitted to Prof. Bailev. of West
oint, (a disinguished mieroscopist) who
after classifying and naming the several
animalculse says, "You will see by the
above report that living hard and soft
shelled polygastric infusoria are present
in all these waters, and so far the evi
dence is in favor of their salubritv. for
if they were not present, it would nec
essarily be in consequence of something
injurious to animal life being present in
the water. Some of the soecies found
are such as inhabit the forest lakes and
streams, and many of them could be in
stantly destroyed in putrescent waters."
1 he hardening ingredients of water may
be either the salts of lime (carbonates or
sulphates) ; or again the chlorides. No. i
is probably a hard water, from both
these causes.
Sanitary writers agree to consider
water of less than 5 decrees hardness
(Clark's scale,) i. e. containing less
than 5 grains of the hardening
salts to the imperial gallon (70.000
grains) of water, as soft waters ; those
with more, as hard waters. Also,
American sanitary authorities agree
to regard water containing less than 10
grains of mineral matter, and not more
than 3 grains of organic matter to the
the United States gallon (58,327 grains),
as not unfit for use as drinking water,
provided that the organic matter is not
in such a state of decay as to manifest
itself to the senses, or to the usual
chemical tests. Judged by these rules,
all the waters, except No. 4, are therefore
deemed good potable waters.
As a means of comparison the com
position of some good drinking waters,
used in various cities, is given. (Grs.
per U. S. gal. 58.327) :
Name.
Organic Mineral
matter, matter. AOlal-
...l.'JO 2.30 3.50
...2.t2 4.t7 7.29
..'J. 45 2.S0 5.35
... 1.1-2 3.U8 4.'JO
..3.H '2.'2S 5.'8
...1.00 5.;- t.8
...0.7 4.11 4.78
...2.31 S.47 10.78
I'hiia., Fairmont (at first)
' since..
Boston, Cocliituato, 1H4S.
1STO.
" Dec. 1872.
Chicago, Lake Michigan . .
sew York, (oton, 18U'J..
Albany, Hudson
Though the question of the produc
tion of disease from drinking water was
not directly submitted to me, I may be
allowed to state that the causes of dis
ease, such as the subtle germs of chole
ra and typhoid fever may undoubtedly
exist in water, and yet be entirely inap
preciable to the senses of man, no mat
ter how well aided by such instruments
as the microscope, and also to the most
delicate chemical tests. The most we
can do in regard to these poisons is to
keep them out of the water, by the most
scrupulous care in preventing the
fouling of the sources of the drinking
water by sewage, from which alone these
destructive agents enter.
In conclusion, it may not be altogeth
er superfluous to suggest, what indeed
must be apparent to every one, the pro
priety, nay, the absolute necessity, of
nitenng the river water this last sug
gestion applying with equal lorce to
both sides of the river.
Very- respectfully, your obedient ser
vant, 11. J. Farquharson, M. D.
W. P. Butler. Esq.:
My Dkar Sir I have examined the
pla.ee where you draw water from the
river for city use, as you requested.
There is ten feet six inches of water
where it enters the filter, and flows by
that point at the rate of four miles an
hour. It seems very clear and good and
shows no signs of sewage nor of animal
matter. 1 am satisfied from my exam
ination that the water there is excellent,
and with that depth and flow will con
thine so. Indeed, it would with much
less warcr. ine citv 01 kock island is
particularly favored in having so good a
source from which to draw water, and
any illness in the city may be attributed
to the water last ol all. 1 ours, very
trtilv. George C. Morgan.
MEDICAL,
MARK THESE FACTS
The testimony of the whole World.
HOLLO WAY'S PILLS.
'I had no appetite; llolloways Pills gave me
nearty one.1
" Your Pills Hrc marvellous.''
"1 send for uuotuer box, and keep them In th
11011 no.
"Or. Ilolloway has cured my headache lhat was
Cliromc. '
"I t'ave one of your pills to my habe for cholera
mornus. 'j ne dei,r mile tning got well in a day
"My nausea of a moraine is now cured."
"Your bottle of Uolloway's Ointment cured me
01 noises in tne head. 1 rubbed some of yonr Oint
mem oenina my ears ana me noiHe nas left."
"Send me two boxes; I want one for a poor fam
ily."
"I enclose a dollar; your price is 25 cents, but
ine medicine to me is worm a dollar."
"Send me five boxes of your pills."
"Let me have three boxes of your pills by return
man, ior unuis ana revcr."
I have over 2!i0 such testimonials as these, but
waul or space compels me to conclude.
For Cutaneous Disorders,
and all eruptions of the skin, the Ointment is most
invaluable. It does not heal externally alone, but
penetrates wiib ttie mo.t searching effects to the
very root (f the evil
HOLLOW AY'S PILLS
Invariably cure the following diseases;
DISORDER OF rffE KIDNEYS.
In all diseases affecting these organs, whether
they secrete too much or too little water; or
wnetner tney he amicteo witn stotiC or gravel, or
wun acnes ana pains seuiea in tne loins over ine
reeious of the kidney, these pills should be taken
according to tbe printed am etions, and the Oint
ment should be well rubbed iuto the small of the
back at bed time, This treatment will give almost
immediate relict when an other means nave tailed
For Stomachs O u of Orders.
Ko medicine so effectually improves the tone
of the stomach as those pills; they remove all
acidity occasioned either by intemperance or Im
proper diet. They reach the liver and reduce it to
a healthy condition ; they are wonderfully efBca
bious in cases of spasm In fact they never fail iu
curing all disorders of the liver and stomach.
HOLLOW AY'S PILLS are the best known in the
world for. the following diseases: Ague, Asthma,
Bilious Complaints. Blotches on the Skin, Bowels,
Consumption, Debility, D'opsy,- Dysentery, Ery
sipelus. Female Irregularities, Fever lot' all kinds.
Fits, Oont, Headache, Indigestion, Inflammation,
Jaundice. Liver 'Complaints, Lumbago, Piles,
Rheumatism, Retention of the urine, Scrofula or
King's Evil, Sore Throats, Stone and Gravel, Tic
Druloureux, Tumors, Ulcers, Worms of all kinds,
Weakness from any cause, etc.
IMPORTANT CATJTIOlSr.
None are genuine unless the signature of J. Hay
dock, as agent tor the United States, surrounds
each box of Pills, and Ointment. A handsome re
ward will be given to any one rendering such in
formation as may lead to the detection of any par
ty or parties counterfeiting the medicines or vend
ing the same, knowing them to be spurious.
Sold at the manufactory of Prof. Holloway &
Co., New York, and by all respectable druggists
and dea'ers in medicine throughout the civilised
world, in boxes at 25 cents, 62 cents and fl each
tSThere is considerable saving by taking the
larger size.
I. B Directions for the guidance of patients in
every disorder are affixed to each box
Office, 112 Libirty St. NEW" YORE,
STAHTID GLASS
S. S. MARSHALL & BRO.
Manufacturers of
STAINED GLASS I
62 Cedar Ave., cor. Second Street,
ALLEGHENY CITY, JPA..
THE WATER TEST.
Mmm of 1'kg. , 2 , 4 3 1 1 '
.
.i-rf it -gg. B 3 g3
go. erg CpS "3 -53 3- a p.
Source of water. gg s , g 4 &
E.3 ? ?o. 5ft ?a
Taste None. None. -Noue. None. None. Kne-
Odor! None. None. None. None. None. Sone.
. jon9- None. None. None. None. Faint.
Nitrites Test
Starch, iodide Heme. None. None. None. None. None,
of potass and '
acetic acid. - '
Cnlorides Test- Copious Very slight Xone None. ?H BllRht
Nrtrate of sil- None. precipitate, Indications. &one- Indications.
ver.
tsTNe- None, fe- Xone. None. " None. None,
ler's test. j ;
Organic matter SiiKht Decided Verr slight Very slight - Faint
Manniers indication. Indication. Indication. Indication. ' Indications,
test.
Acidity or alia Neutral
Unity test Neutral. !,Ter?i Neutral. Neutral. Neutral. Neutral.
Litmus paper. faintly alka
blue and red. Ime.
Small ; a few
Sediment trains per None. Small. Small. Small. Small. Small.
Much or little. galo
Sand. clay. Sand, clav. Sand, clay. Sand, clay. Sand, clay Sand, clay.
Sediment organic mat- organic mat-organic mat-organic mat-Organic Organic
Nature of ter (-d.) ter. ter. ter. matter. matter.
Infusorial 8 jn jj0- 3 Animalcule Animalcula
Sediment Mi- animalcule animalcule? As in very abund in abund-
croscopic e- with dia- As in No. Z. laoTa Nos. 2, 3. ant; also, ance; also
animation of toms con- abundant. confre. diatoms,
fcraj.
Sulphates test r.n.imis
Nitrate of Ba- None. peltate. Sone- None" ' '
rium.
Nature of Good. Bad. Good. Good. Good. Good. Good,
water. ,
Remarks. jeariyc ar. IrkHng Nearly clear. Nearly clear. Jxearly dear. Nearly dear. Nearly clear.
A Thing cf Beauty is Joy I'orever.'
K Ll'i 1 . .1-1 A T W V
null
Fcr beauty cf polisii,
.'ability and cheapness,truly iririvalled in any country
CAUTION Beware cf worthless Imitations under other names,
put up In similar shape and color Intended to deceive. Each
package cf the genuine bears our Trade Mark. Take no other.
491 Tons or 2,621,100
For th Lanndry or Toilet is VK.ITA1. to White Cmstilo Soap, for It is made of FCRE VEJ
KTARLK OILS, mid by the same process, which retains all the natural healing qualities of the
oils. It costs SiO MUCH LENS than the imported article that it is rapidly coming into general
household ne. Tlie use of t'oioBKD Soaps la condemned by fhvsiciaus as liable to produce fkiu
diseases. The PIRITV or the White Soap renders Its aw perfectly harm learn. Made
ouly by Pboot-H A Gamble, Cincinnati. Sold by all wholesale and retail grocers.
H jj
Ahead of all others ia Improvements !
SELF-THREADING SHUTTLE I
It is the Lightest Running ! The Simplest to Learn to Use !
Tire Most Dubablk ! Ski-Sbttinq Nkedlk! Never Skips Stitches! Never Breaks Thread !
There is no machine which is go Kasilt Lkarnep and wh;ch combines Lightness snd Durability ! For
these and other reasons 1 he "AMERICAN" is the Best Machine for all purposes, and Warranted to
Blve entire satisfaction ! The pcience of sewing by machinerv is old, but the. Perfect Application of it is
accomplished only by the New American Machine and Self-Threading Shuttle.
m- w o o -r, .,,, Office: and StlEsboom 214 Wabash Avenue, C111CAGO.
lOo E. 2d Street, Davenport AGENTS V A NTD.
'".Tlie JBjti: is tlie CHEAPEST,"
Represents the following Old and. Reliable
FIRE mb ilKim. CO.'S.
And will issue Policies in any of them at as
low a rate as the risk will justify.
Organized.
1819.
1810
1871.
1872.
1853.
1872.
1821.
1839.
1820.
1810.
1873.
1869.
1853.
1867.
1866..
18G9.
1865.
1863.
1858"
18031
1852.
1846.
1865.
1872.
iETNA.
HARTFOKD.
NATIONAL,
ORIENT
HOME, '
MANHATTAN,
INS. CO. N. AMERICA, Philadelphia,
FRANKLIN,
FIRE ASS'N
AMERICAN!
R. I IN. ASb'N. Providence R I
NORTHWESTERN N AT.Milwanfc
AMERICAN CENTRAL, St. Lou?, '
ST. JOSEPH. st. Jose 'h
MERCHANTS,
N. O. INS ASS'N, New Oilw
Vtt'V,"t ' rvnu, can x ran eisco,
QUEE Englnad,
IMPERIAL, &.i '
LANCASHIRE,
HARTFORD ACCIDENT,
Total Assets Represented.
saving cf labor, freeness from dnst
Packages sold in 1816.
Location.
Hartford,
Assets.
80,588,071
'A757,f07
943.353
719,341
5,627,445
700.SS5
4,686,812
3,308,855
3,155,735
1,086,848
,544,055
895,481
685,0S9
370,957
256,431
407,443
Nexv
York
10,000.00C
(,67,409
1LS45,792
11,111,650
10,000X00
40,443.956
400,006
209,000
Gold,
$108,552,200
I
i 5
!
1

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