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The Rock Island Argus. (Rock Island, Ill.) 1877-1885, May 25, 1877, Image 2

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HOCZ XSX.AVD,..
..xunrois.
FrlUy, Jy 25. IS77.
' RUSSIAN GREAT GUNS.
The CtoYernment Foundries &t Obouk
hoff and PermThe Ordnance of
the Imperial Raaal&n Navy.
From (he fv York Herald.
The naval and t.litary resources of do
country in Europe are less known than
those of Russia. Her policy ot allowing
few if any foreieners to visit her dockyards,
workshops, and forts has bad a good effect
namel?, that of unknown strength, which
is 8ynoaymous ia the opinion of most men
with great streoeth. rew men except
Russians know of the great fortress of Mod
lin, as one writer has aptly termed it in
"Russian Gibraltar," near the Russian
frontier, and no stranger has ever entered
it.
The navy itself is better known than the
army, but the dock-yards, foundries, ana
workshODS.from whence w drawn its mate
rial, are bat little known. The great foun
dries at Oboukhaff. near St. Petersburg,
which rival those of Herr Krupp, at Essen,
furnish the steel rifled guns used in the
Russian navy. The foundries which are
in private bands, but wbiob nave guaran
tee of their time being all filled by govern
meat work, occupy government buildings,
are now under government supervision and
are virtually government works. They are
named atter Mr. Oboukhoff, a mining en
gineer in the government service, who in
vented in 1851 an improved process of cas
tint? steel in great masses. At this time
the Russian ordnance department was en
tirely dependent upon Herr Krupp for
their heavy artillery, and were nuturally
anxious to establish a home manufacture
Contractors and capitalists who were al
ready in relations with the imperial govern
ment were invited to start the enterprise.
and the government, besides advancing
large sums of money, gave also a tract of
land near the River Neva and the govern
ment buildings which stood thereon. Mr
Oboukhoff was one of the company; his
process was used, and he became super
intendent of the works. Work was com
menced in 1864. In 19G6 Mr. Oboukhoff
retired, and CapL Kolokotzoff. anoffiuet of
the imperial navy, was appointed gener
al superintendent the work. Col. Musse
lius, a naval artillery offioer, was made
technical superintendent, and the present
successful career of the Oboukhoff foun
dries commenced. The first gun from the
foundry wait sent for trial in 1864. It was
a muzzle-loader, of tight-inch calibre,
carrying a shell weighing 200 pounds, and
using 30 pounds of charge. At 3,000
yards an armor-plate four and a half
inches in thickness was pierced. The
gun burst on the 109th shot. This led
the manufacturers to make various ex
periments in the manufacture and
casting of the steel, which led to such
favorable results that, in (he same
year, they turned out a nineteen
inch gun, carying a shot weight 112
pounds, and having a charge weighing 37
pounds, which, after 614 rounds, showed
no interior change. In 18G5 the Krupp
breech-loading system was introduced at the
Oboukhoff foundries. In 1867 the hoop
ing'system of Gen. Gadolin, of the Russ
ian army, was adopted to strengthen the
guns.
The foundries in time of peace employ
some 1,500 men, but now many more are
employed, and the works are at their high'
est capacity, and working night and day
MANUFACTURE OF THE STEEL.
The cast iron used is from the blast fur
naces of the Ural district, aud is manufac
tured by what is known as the "charcoal
method." The steel is made in crucibles,
of which there are some 400. Each cruel
b!e has a capaci'y of ninety-two pounds.
During the process of melting, which lasts
some three to four hours, the maganese
and other ingredients are added. I he
crucibles are placed two and two on the
Siemens gas furnace, the fuel used being
peat, large deposits of which are found in
the vicinity. The crucibles are manufac
tured in the works, are made of plumbago
and clay, and serve for five castings. Some
120,000 of the crucibles are manufactured
yearly, ureal care is taken that all the
ingredients in the crucibles to be used for
the same casting shall be ot the same quan
tity aud quality. The amounts of each in
gredient are carefully weighed, and by
chemical analysis their quality is deter
mined.
THE CASTING OF THE OCNS
. When all is ready the converted contents
of the crucibles are poured into a castiron
mold lined with sand, in which the stee
gradually cools, forming a homogcucou
muss. Two men carry each crucible to the
side of the casting pit, where they are
ranged in rows around it. and the work is
so timed that a continuous stream of tuol ,
ten metal is poured into the mold. As '
many as 120 crucibles arc u.sed in the cast
ing of a twelve-inch gun, and it is an affair
of only from fifteen to twenty minutes.
The steel used for the casting of the guns
contains from J to i per cent, of carbon.
Some ten or twelve hours after the fillitig
of the mold the core is taken out and water
let in to cool the casting, T'ae stream ol
water is continued for several days, until
the gun is thoroughly cooled.
Atter a casting has been made a sample
is taken from the muzzle end, the breech,
and the centre. These samples are sub
jected to physical and chemical tests, Kir
caldy's well known machino being used in
the former case.
FINISHING THE GIN.
After the casting is finished the crude
mass is hoisted out ot the pit and is taken
to the kmithery, where it is put iu the
Siemens heating furnaces and then
tougheued by being lifted into an immense
cylinder containing boiling liuNt-ed oil. The
two together are then gradually allowed to
cool. This whole operation, from the
heating of the gun to the uinmeit of its
being taken out of the oil, is performed
with great regularity as to time aDd all the
other conditions, which have been deter
mined by many experiments aa being the
most favorable. Thin method, which in
not used by Herr Krupp, has been found
to give excellent results. In Englaud
I'allisscr and Armstrong use it for interior
tubes, which ure comparatively light steel
masses. The gun is then hammered into
its proper shape. The outside is theu
turned and the interior channel bored out.
These are long aud tedious processes,
which require great care. The main tube
is no ready to be hooped. It is placed
in a vertical position, and the first layer of
hoopd, having previously been heated in
boiling linseed oil, are passed over the
muzzle and on to the tube. Contracting
after they cool, they fit accurately. The
tube.with one layer on, is then taken to the
turning establishment, and the layer is
turned smooth. The other layers, up to
the required number, are then added tu a
similar murmur. Great (kill is required
in the manufacture of the hoops, bo that
they shall fit accurately and each exert the
same pressure. Above all, they must not
exercise too great a pressure on con
traction. The second layer is calculated
o as to exercise a greater pressure than
the first, and so on in succession. After
the difficult operation of trooping has been
performed the breech is Bhaped, the
rifling of the bore ia carefully performed,
and the shutting mechanism at the broech
put in place. The system of closing the
Dreech by cyhndro-prismatical wedges is
used, while the closing of the interior
aperture left by the wedge is effected by
"u Muwu m uroaaweU'a circular ting.
Not long ago Capt. Kolokotzoff invented
new process of relioing the guns after
they had served for 800 shots. Formerly,
after this limit of safety had been passed, ,
the gun material was recast into various
shapes, such as axles, shafts, wheels, etc.
Capt. Kolokotzoff's idea was to bore out
the interior anew atter the safety limit bad
been passed, and to insert, under hydraulic
pressure, in interior tuoe ot one men in
thickness, and the gun is again rifled. A
hoop previously heated in oil, as before
described, is placed on the muzzle, and
each shot as it comes out tends to establish
a more perfect contact between the old
and the new material. According to this
process a gun having been fired 800 times
is relincd, and serves for 500 shcts, being
again relined it can serve for 300 shots.
This method has proved very successful,
and is certainly very economical.
PRODUCTION OF THE WORKS.
The foundries at Oboukhaff produce
many sizes and classes of guns, from a four-
pound howitzer to a forty-one ton gun hav
ing a twelve-inch bore, carrying a Bhot
weighing 715 pounds, and using a charge
of 130 pounds. The average production
in guns for the last five years of peace has
been some 5,000 tons, at a cost of, in round
numbers, say of $1,600 per ton io finished
guos. The works furnish guns for for
tresses and the army as well as the navy
and manufacture also some forty thousand
zun-birreis per annum. In time ot peace
1 a . a
a large amount ot railway and other ma
terial is manufactured. Since their estab
lishment these works have furnished some
four hundred guns of heavy calibre to the
llussian Imperial navy.
THE DISPOSITION OF THE OBOUKHOFF GUNS
IN THE IMPERIAL NAVY.
The large iron-clads, such as the Peter
the Great the Popoffkas, Novgorod and
Vice Admiral Popoff, use the twelve and
eleven inch guns. Some of the larger tur
reted frigates also use the eleven-inch
guns, The majority, however, of this
olass of shrp9 and the monitors use the
nine-inch guns. The seagoing frigates and
cruisers, such as the flagship Svetlana,
now in our waters, use the eight-inch guns.
The six inch Oboukhoff guns are used on
board the corvetts and clippers of the im
perial navy, as well as on tho coast defense
gunboats. The new gunboats, bnilt in
sections and capable of being transported,
ibout which mucti curiosity is felt and
rom which so much is expected, are said
to easily steam eleven and one half knots.
and to give easy handung of their power
ful eleven inch thirty-ton guos. The nine
pound howitzers are used on the smaller
vessels of the navy as a supplementary
ordnance. They are also used on yachts
and gunboats. The four-pound howit
zers are used on the bulwarks ot large
ships for defense against moving torpedoes.
l he only difference between these Obouk
hoff guns seut to the navy ana those made
for the fortress lies in the carriage, The
powder used to fill these guos is that
known as prismatical.
THE GOVERNMENT GUN FOUNDRIES AT
PERM.
These great works, which furnish
priori pall the artillery used in Russian
fortresses and in the Russian army, are
situated on the left bank of the river
Kuma, about four versts from the city of
Perm, the chief seat of the district and
government of the same name. These
works produce large steel guns up to as
high as eleven-inch bore, and guns and
proiectiles up to twenty-inch diameter,
field-artillery, musket-barrels, projectiles.
etc. I he works were started by the im
perial Russian government in 1864, and
now nave an annual production ot war
material of from 20 to 25 steel guns of
various calibres, from 20 to 25 nine-inch
mortars, weighing from 280,000 to 350,
000 pounds; from 10,000 to 15,000 musket
barrels; guns of cast-iron, weighing from
G00.000 to 800.000 pounds, and of pro
jectiles of hardened cast-iron some 300,-
000 pounds. 1 he total annual production
amounts in value to about $1,400,000.
The total number of workmen employed is
iome 2,500.
THE WORKS.
The various steam engines employed
have a capacity up to 2,300-horse power.
There are 240 furnaces for the manufacture
of cast steel, which, are heated with wood
aDd 144 which use ctke. There are 10
ovens of the system known as Sischinp,
and 1 of that known as Ferav; 5 puddiing
furnaces; 8 welding ovens, 7 for gaseous
cast; 11 reverberatory furnaces; 2 Ameri
can furnaces, and about 100 Smith's
hearths. The array of eteam hammer?
is formidable. Thre are 1 with a cpa
city ot 50 ton?. 1 with 5 tons, 1 with 12
tons, 1 with 5 tons, 1 with 2 tons, 1 vi:!;
830 pounds, 1 with (80 pounds, and fin
ally 1 with 400 pounds, lho cast iron
used is received from the great blast fur
naces in the mining district of Goroblago
dat, whose great magnetic iron mountain,
liiagodat,ihas the immense annual produc
tion of ore of 40,000 tons of 2,000 pounds
Some puddled steel is received at the
Perm gun works from the mining dis
trict of Zlatoust, in the Ural, but the ma
jor part is manufactured on the spot
J lie two rouuarics anove described are
the principal ones in Russia, though there
are several smaller ones, both governmen
and private notably Alexandrovsku works
in government of Olonetz.
Iu the Sweet By-ajta-By
cannot but be the nanny thought as the
fortunate recipieut of the "Ilocky Moun
tain Tourist" scans its wonderful attractive
pages aDd peruses its fascinating descrip
tions. Most beautifully embellished with
new and highly artistio engravings, its
letter-press a model of typographical
richness, and the arrangement throughout
simply superb, the Rock Mountain Tourist
is worthy of comparison with Picturesque
America or Jhe Aldmc. it is written in
gossipy, graphic style, covering details ol
the tour through the garden of the South
west (the Arkansas Valley, Southern Kan
sas), to the very heart of the Alps of
America the Rocky Mountains. Jaunts
are made to all the famous resorts of Col
orauo, tne remarKabie ruins, tne springs,
the minus, and, in Bhort, to every point of
interest to tourist,agriculturalist,capitalist.
miner, and invalid. With the Tourist.tbe
ban Juan (iuide keeps fitting company.
and the two publications are mailed lrce to
all writing for one or both to T. J. Ander
hod. Topt ka, Kansas.
PiT as-Itching Piles.
Powitiveljj cured also Blind aDd Bleeding
I'iles, Fi :ula, Salt Rheum, and all dis
eases ot t .e fckin, by the use of
ROSSMAN'S CURE.
Itchin i Piles is generally preceded by
a nioistu' o like perspiration producing a
very disu. reea ble and distressing itching,
particular? at night, after getting warm
1-1 .r. i i i
iu uuu. io numuug as a trial wui prove,
For sale by all respectable druggists.
Hossman & McKinstev, Hudson, IY. Y
Proprietors.
Sent by mail for 50 cents.
IF YOU HAVE A COUGH,
Cold, Asthma, raising of Blood or any aT
tectious ol' the Breast or Lungs, leadij to
Consumption, use
DR. HOUSEMAN'S GERMAN COUGH
DROPS,
as prepared for over thirty yeart hi J. J.
Davis(now deceased) and you vU be sure
to find relief. Address ROSSMAN &
McKLNSTRY, who have succeeded to the
Proprietorship, and Bold by all druggists
and dealers in Dlediciues. t or sale by al
uruggists in uocic island.
Sold by Avery & Tyler, Lafayettee, In
diaua. Fuller & Fuller, and VanSchaack
Stavenaon & Reed, Chicago, wholesale
agents.
Johnl. Henry, C'urran & Co., Whole
aie Agents, g College Place, JN. X,
SOAP.
GLENN'S
SULPHUR SOAP.
Thoroughly Cures Diseases oe the Skiv,
Beautifies the Complexion, Prevents
and Remedies Rheumatism and Gout,
Heals Sores and Abrasions of the
Cuticle and Counteracts Contagion.
. This Standard External Remedy for Erup
tions, Sores and Injuries of the Skin, not only
REMOVES FROM THE COMPLEXION ALL BLEM
ISHES arising from local impurities of the
blood and obstruction of the pores, but also
those produced by the sun and wind, such as
tan and freckles. It renders the cuticle
MARVELOUSLY CLEAR, SMOOTH and TL1ANT,
and being a wholesome BEAUTIFIER is far
preferable to any cosmetie.
ALL THE REMEDIAL ADVANTAGES OF SUL
PHUR Baths are insured by the use of
Glenn's Suljphnr Soap, which "in addi
tion to its purilying effects, remedies and pre
vents Rheumatism and Gout.
it also DISINFECTS CLOTHING and LIN" F.N
and prevents diseases communicated by
contact with the PERSON.
It dissolves Dandruff, prevents bald
ness, and retards grayness of the hair.
Physicians speak of it in high terms.
Prices 25 and 50 Cents per Cake; per
Box (3 Cakes), 60c. and $1.20.
N H. Sent by Mail, Prepaid, on receipt ttf price, and
5 cents extra for each Cake.
"HILL'S HAIR AND WHISKER DYE,"
' Black or Brown, SO Cents.
C. 5. CRITTEST05, Prop'r, 7 Sixth A.,IT.
TERRY'S P
SALICYLIC
forconstant use in the family. Absolutely pnra and
the most agreeable to life, nd has the additional
advautuge of being impregnated with the greatest
known anti-septic and difinfVctant Salicylic acid
Its Da lv nee prevent contraction of comagi'ui
diseases and the baneful effects of sewer eas. mias
matic and material exhalations. It is a special boon
to Wi-hool children who are constantly exposed and
to infants. Prevents contrac Ion of skin diseases.
Keeps the kin Soft and White and Prevents
Chaonine. Indorsed by the medical profession.
Most economical.- cents a cake ; 3 cakes for 50
cents. Sample cake sent postpaid los t cents.
For salo by Druggists and Groctxs.
Thr Beverly Co.. Agents, Chicago
PYL
Is The Champion
TOR WASHING IN
HARD OR SOFT WATER.
No other Soap in this country is
so serviceable to Housekeepers, and
so well worth their attention.
Pyls's 0. & Saleratus,
Is the genuine pui e, healthy kind
that every good pastry cook needs,
to insure complete success.
Try those honest articles.
Sold by Grocers Everywhere.
Uanf&'byJAS. PILE, UewYerk,
Sold by B STKECXrUS & SOHT, Rock Islanl
I3A.B33ITT'S
TOILET S0AP1
tt. . t:J i J toilet and bath
jirSvv kf$t4j,i1Ko artificial and
II .&.,; deceptive on on?
..Tiii ih I 4L4.. 3 io cover common
Ill,, u-w . -
jiii i . : p FJ.'yTi a-" -
A f.i;iS3f ;aiii2redieiit8. Af
''i .Jtt ter yeans of gcien-
tine
expenmeEt
the manufacturer of B
T. Babbitt's Best
Soap has
perfected and now offeta to the public
The Finest Toilet Saoo in the World,
Only t!ie purest vegetable oils UBed in its maun
fucture.
For Use in the Nursery it has nc
Equal.
Worth ten times its codt to every mother nndfam
lly in Christendom, nample box, containing
cakes ol b o7.a. ach, gent free to anv address on
receipt of To cent Address
ii. l . a.mi r, xsew lorjt utty.
W for saie Dy an uruijgisie,
A Perfect Toilet Soap.
First amon? the requisites of the toilet Is a food
article of Soap, but to procure it is not always an
easy matter. Many of the most expensive Hoars in
tne market are made Irom coarse and deleterious
materials, aud their delicate coloring and fragrant
perinme too orten conceal the most repulnive Ira
parities. The disclosures recently made public
regarding this subject arc positively startling, and
deserve serious consideration. Scented eoaps are
now known to be extremely objectionable, especial
ly if a;.ln'd to the head ; injuring the hair, irrita
ling the scalp, and inducing severe headaches. The
character of the Ingredients may be inferred Irom
the tatement of a gentlemen who makes the scent
ing of Soaps his. business; be recently declared that
perrons engaged In this employment were short
lived; from seven to teu years being the longest
jcrloa during which the occupation could be fol
lowed. The difficulty of procuriuc a perfect! v ou re arti
cle of toilet soup is at last obviated, however,
thanks to the enterprise aud chemical skill of Mr.
B. T. Babbitt, of New York, the world-renowned
Soap Manufacturer, whose immense establishment
is by iar the greatest of the bind In the United
States. The renown of Mr. Babbitt's various pro
ductions has for lnauy yeais been widely dissem
inated, but this latest eaccesB is the aonrouriate
crown to the numerous victories already achieved.
After yi'urs of patient labor and scientific experi
ment. Mr. Babbitt has succeeded iu perfecti'ttf the
coiuposiii'tn of the firest toilet soap ever intro
duced. The piincipal ingredients are the purest
vegetable oils; the manufacturing processes are
entirely new and original, nnd ihe result is simply
unpnra.ieien in mis department ol Industry.
"B. T. Babbitt's Toilet Soap" is the trado mark
by which this elegant toilet luxury is designated,
and for applications to the delicate skin of infants,
children and ladies, it is altogether nneanaled in its
emollient properties. 'I his &oau is not perfumed.
the Ingredients being of such absolute purity as to
reijuire uu aiu iiuiu uueiuisirjr wuibkuibc mienor
materials. The most refined taste considers the
absence of artificial perfume the perfection of
sweeiiiese, and this peculiar characteristic of B. T
Babbitt's Toilet Soap renders it the most healthful
and agreeable article of the kind ever manufac
tured.
Thouirh specially desirnble for the use of ladies
and children, this Soap is equally appropriate for
gentlemen'? toilet, and as it umkes a heavy lather
ft Is also one of the finest Boaps for barber's uhs.
It is just Ix'iiiir placed niion the marker, but the
demand for it will soon become general. N. Y,
Tribune.
B.LBAB2ITT, New York Citv.
CO RBETT'S
E'S
FIVE CENTS WORTH
Is sufficient for a washing of three to four
dozen pieces, and with one-third the time and
labor, since, by soaking clothes with a solution
of it, very little rubbing ia required.
TH2 CHEAPEST SOAP IN THE WORLD.
ASK TOUR GROCER.
C0BBETT, B0YNT0N & CO.,
Sn. St 1 38 Wmfi&Va SV, QUuO.
LEXICAL.
S. 0: DUNBAR'S
FIOXD
SnnrfAP tn nn v TT n . 1 i -i Ti ... A ma1n A TAT I T n
MA wan awarded to tins Magnesia, by the American
i iieu mie in ikk.
This very useful and elegant preparation isnsed
as an aperient antic acid in dyspepsia complaints
attended with aciditv with vety great benefit. It
has the advantage over common Magnesia, ia being I
uiBBoiveo, ana tnererore not being liable to accu
mulate in the bowels. It is decidedly superior io
Carbonate of Soda or Potash, on account of its
aperient Quality.
mis solution of Magnesia is found narticuiarlv
beneficial as a pleasing sedative and aperient, in ail
cases of irritation, or acidity of the stomach, febtlle
complaints, infantile disorders, or sea-sickness.
An ounce or two of this solution speedily removes
neartDurn, acna eructations ana sourness, or irreg
ular digestion.
The solution is of itself an aoencnt. but its laxa
tive properties can be much augmented by taking
with It, or directly after It, a little lemon juice, mix
ed with sugar and water, or even with cream of tar-
tar; in this manner a very agreeable effer-yescent
draught can be safely taken at any time during
lever or mirsi.
The antisceptic qualities of this .solution, owln
to the presence of so mnch carbonic acid, have been
fonnd very valuable In putrid and other fever. As
n lotion for the mouth, it sweetens the breath, and
the Magnesia cleans the teeth from tartar.
The solution has almost invariably succeeded in
removing fits, spasms and headaches to which deli
cate persons are sobject from acids and crudities of
tue8iomn.cn ana Dowels.
he attention of the pnbHc Is nariicnlarlv direct
ed to the following c rtiflcates of physicians and
otner persons who nave used the Magnesia:
New IIavbn, Feb. 2-2, 1863.
S O Dunbab, Esq. Dear Sir: I mit cheerfully
accora uiy testimony in tnvor ot your "Fluid Mag
nesia." 1 nave never touna anything so pleasant
nuu vuc. urn lur correciiut; acmnyvi toe siomacu
ana cnrying neaaacne arising therefrom. It is re-
sortea to by several members or my fami y when
ever suffering as above, aud always with great sat-
lsiaction anainstantaneous reuel.
lours truly, .John a. Blake.
The subscriber having used the above article in
his taml y tor some years, is happy to endorse ttie
tesiimony ot Mr. Blake in us lavor.
Hartford, Conn. Kbv. John Obcittt.
PnoviDisNce, No. B,
Mb O. S. Tusbab, Dar sir: 1 am happy to
hear that your p re im ration of finhi Magnesia is
coming into general ne. While it is morw econom
toil than, other preparations of Fluid Magnesia, I
nave found it vastly more efficient, and not only an
antiseptic and anti ocid neon the stomach, but a
very considerable tonic. Ii is a beautiful medicine
for the bowel derangement which so often afflicts
young children, and for females of debilitated and
sour etoiniicbs, particularly those encieuie, it is
invaluable. Being a scientific preparation and
open to the profession, it needs only an acquaint
ance to become with them a favorite medicine.
Wm. Gbosvbnor, M. D.
S. O. Ditnbar. Dear Sir: I have been some time
in the habit of prescribing the Fluid Magnesia pre
pared by you and I prefer it to the Eng iab prepara
tion on account of its cheapness and its superior
laxative qualities. Hespcctfully yours, c.
M. S. Perby, M. D.
MEDFORD RUM,
DANIEL LAWREKGE & SONS,
ONLY DISTILLERS OP
Medford Rum!
Still enjoy the reputation of n-.&nolactnring th
Best Rum in the States. Duly authorized by
Sta.e license. The superior quality and purity of
Lawrence's Medford Rum for the past fifty -two
years, hits made it everywhere known as the stan
dard Rum. No pains will be spared to maint&ii
it purity auo reputation. WE HAVE .
THE LARGEST STOCE OP
OLD MBDFQRD RUM
IN THE WORLD.
Of
ages
the finest and choicest grades and of all
The public Is cantioned nsraii st imitations
and counterfeits. Order direct from us, and we
warrant perfect satibfacnon. riease add! ess all
orders to MEDFORD. MASS.. or 131 Broad St.,
Boston, Mass., and they will receive prompt atten
lien. 3end forcircu'ar.
DANIEL LAWRENCE & SONS.
LIVES REGULATOR
Ii you feel dull, drowsy, debilitated, nave fre-
(ineni headache, mouth tastes bad! v. i oor appetite.
and toncne coated, yea are suffering from torpid
liver, or "biliousness,'' and nothing will cure yon
so speeany ana pe'tuaneuuy as to
For all Diseases of the Liver. Stomach,
and SpleeD. The Cheapest, Purest and
Best Family Medicine in the World 1
Ask the recovered dyspeptics. Bilious suffercs,
victims if Fiver and Ague, the mercurial diseased
par lent, how they recovered health, cheerful spirits
ano ?ooa appetite tney win tell you by taK.ng
Simmon's Liver Keguiator.
GREAT FAMILY MEDICINE.
. It contains four medical elements, never united
in the same happy proportion in any other prepar
ation, vtz: A gentle Uatnurttc, a wonderful Tonic,
an unexceptionable A Iterative and certain Correc
tive of all minorities of the body. Such sitrnal snc-
cese has attended its use, that it is now regarded
as me
EFFECTUAL SPECIFIC
For all diseases of the Liver, Stomach and Spleen.
AS A REMEDY IN
Malarious Fevers, Bowel Complaints, Dyspepsia,
Mental Degression. jHestlessness. Jaundice. Na-i-
sea, Sick Headache, Colic, Constipation, and Bili
ousness
tar" IT HAS KO EQUAL. j
Sold by ail Dru gists.
Liver Disease and Indigestion
prevail to a greater extent than
probablv any other malady.and
relief 9 always anxiously
SIMMONS'
sought after. If the Liver Is
Regulated in its action, health
health is almost invariably se
cured. Indigestion or want of action in the Liver
causes Headache, Constipation, Jaundice, Paia In j
the Shoulders, Cough, Dizziness, Sour Stomach,
bad taste in the motnh, bilious attacks, palpitation
of the heart, depression of spirits or the blues, and
a hundred other symptoms, SIMMONS' LIVER
REGULATOR is the best remedy that has ever
been discovered for these ailments. It acts mildly,
enectuauy. ana, oeing a simple vegetable com
pound, can do no injury Iu any quantities that it
nay be taken. It is harmless in every way; it has
been lor lorly years, and nunureas 01 room and
great f'oni ail parte of the country will vouch for I
its virtues, vie: Hon. Alexander H. Stephens, of I
Georgia; Bishop Pierce, of Ueortr John Gill
Shorter, of Alabama; Gen. John B C re" on, K. L.
Mott, 01 Colour uo., are
are among the-, indreds to
whom we can .. Extract
of a letter from Bii. Alexan
der H. Stephens, dated March
8, lHia: "i occasionally use,
when my condition requires it,
Dr. Simmons' liver Regi tor, with good effect.
It is mild, and suits me better than more active
medicine.
Important Caution.
But no Powders ok
Pheparbd SIMMONS'
UVKR REGULATOR vjk
us38 ik our engraved
wrapper, with Traps
Mabk, Stamp and Siuka-
TL'Rg UNBROKEN.
j REGULATOR
j. h.:zeixin & CO.,
MACOK, GA., and PUILADELPHIA;
Price, $1 Sold by.aU DruggiiU-
mmm
LIVER
Manufacturers
WmBSmmsm
Q I A - . .
AMMISOWB SEZZfZiS
Grand Medal at Centennial.
i r 1
' 3-5cww Vitrei -
Standard Tlouriflff VilL
Standard Sriading Hill.
Ecourer. tirtaderand Bolter.
For all svbetances wet or dry.
Built of burr rtwie and Iron.
For heavy or light power.
Capacity of So inch etone.
Equal to any larger iize.
Thickest French burr stones.
Double discharfr spouts.
Adjustable babbitt boxes.
8 feet Ion by 4 feet Iiijrh.
Rons with belt 4 Inch, wide.
r loan 3 to 6 bnnhelt per hour.
Hai doable ventilating belter.
Far iloar, middlings and bran.
CKres every one his ovn t;rUt.
Maxes me Deal flour and yield.
mm m reunuic uvuruii mm.
Solid self-adjusting burrs.
Centennial Jndires Awnrrt morinl nn wr-lheit nnrt.
mblr, vertical mills for solidity and good workman-
KI'WAKP HARRISON, HEW HAVES', CONN.
CHICAGO
WHIP SOCKET MANUFACTORY.
The Peerless.
The Gem.
o 8 5 - 2
o.:n
5, t- U . K
S.-Otl-
5 Sa-sco
f s S SS
Fa'ent Allowed.
Pate'ii Allowed.
N. B. A fu'l line of samples ssnt by expret-s
on receipt or fis.Xi, w.tn privilege or returi.tng by
paying express cnarges notn ways.
The Luxury."
FOLDING
DIC SPRING ISO!
UNEQUALLED FOR
(Comfort. Durability and Cleanliness.
j Also the 'Domestic," S Row Spring Bed.
rJ. U. REEVES & CO.,
308 Stale Street.
ti'2 Bowery
CHICAGO.
StW YORK
Send for price list.
Centennial Exhibition Prize Medal Awarded,
Eagle Anvil Works!
Established 1843.
fMade at the oldest Anvil manufactory in this
I country. All English Anvils, after a time, become
noiiowinu on tne lace by continued hammering in
I nse, on account of the fibrous nature of the wrought
iron causing It to "settle." under the steel.
But the body of the Kaele Anvil beinn of crvs
i talMxed iron, such settling caunot occur: and the
steel face therefore remains perfectly true. Also.
it has the great advantage, that beine of a more
80UD material, and, consequently, with lei-s re
bound, the niece forced receives the FULL effect
of the hammer, instead of a part of it being wasted
ny tue renonna, as with a wrought iron Anvil.
More work can therefore be done on this Anvil
with a hammer one-fiflh lighter than required for a
wroiiirnt iron Anvil wnicn is more elastic.
The working surface is in one piece of Jbsspp's
BEfT loot v-ast mtbkl. accurateiv cronna. tiara
enea ana eiven tne proper temper lor tne neav
work. The born is of tonirh untempered steel
The cast steel surface is warranted to be
onglily welded and not to come off.
PRICE LIST. October 1st. 187.
Anvils welching 100 tt. to 800 Ths. cts per lb
Smaller Anvils, ("Minims.") from $2.75 to $8 each.
Dooley's Patent Combination
TOE-CALKS.
--irjTirtew'TT
Put up in boxes containing 25 Se, each.
These Toe-Calks are made from Steel converted
from carefully selected brands of Norwav and
Swedes Iron by a special process which ensures the
utmost ease in weldiug, together with tht greatest
durability in wear.
For sale by all iron, steel and hardware dealers
throughout New England Manufactured solely
8(9 Dorchester Ave., South Boston, Ms.
GOLD MEDAL,
Non-Extensible
!
Patented tJuly si, 18T1. Reissued May 13
18TS, and June 9th, 1874.
Iu this strap the liability of the leather to
stretch and become loose and porous is pre
vented by a patent sou extensible base,
which supports the leather and secures
PERMANENT ELASTICITY. We make
this style with a single rod, double rods, and
wood frames, aud Irtend that it ehall,in qual
ity, compare favorably with our other well
known brands. .
EENJ. F, BADGES & SON,
Manufacturers,
BADGER PUCE,,
11!
CnARXESTOWN,.... ........ ........MASS.'
in y ii
mi
t 4 i
1
?a tS I VMji
Hi S 1 I I
RAZOR BELT
MISFIT CARPETS.
English Brussels, Three Ply and
Velvet Kagt, (Jrumb Ulotha, Oil Cli'ths,
112 FULTON STREET, -
Carpets carefully packed and sent to
Send for Price List.
PURCHASING
General
121 DEARBORN ST.,
Make purchases of all descriptions of
Merchandise
expence to tne pnn-lia-rr.
KEFKKENCJiS:
II. E. LOWE, AMlrtant Cashier Merchant's Savings Loan ami Tract Co Chlrao
G. V. UPTON, A'fociaie Editor "Tribune" "
U. 11. KANE & CO., Manufacturers of Printing Ink...,
B. SCAKRMEKMORN, Ass't Agent U. S. Express Co
WM. DOWD, President Bank of North America, 44 Wall st.... .. New Yor
COOKE & COLTON, Bankers and Brokers. 40 Bmad st
Subscriptions rtoctlved for all Papers, Periodicals
correspondence soucitea on any jioint pertaining
.SOAP.
OLD-FASHIONED
Square bar Soap is the ruort economical to use.
Soap, but are doae to make it look attraetire and salable. Procter Gamble's Original Mottled
German Soap is made of Red Oil, the best material known fur producing a bard, serviceable and
effective Soap. It is -cut in one-pound bars, of convenient and economical shape, and aot wrapped.
Tne style tn which ttiis Soap is cut ana packed saves
Soap at much leu per pound than you are now paying
stamped "PROCTER & GAMBLE MOTTLED
i m: f r oved
M4S?&X: y. .h-iin )
t : ilrLi: jf; -rill 7; f f -mJi
For Churches, Lodge Booms and Public Halls. The most elegant and serviceable
SBTXEKS AND CHAIRS now in use. - .
GARDW E2jR &.OG.,
Manufacturers and Patentees of
PERFORATED, VENEER
No. 376 Pearl Street, -
ASTIFICAL LIMBS
Manufacturer cf
ARTIFICIAL LIMBS.
Office for the Northwest of Dr. Bly'e Celebrated
Patent Limbs, as the following will show:
Rochester, X. Y., Sent. 1, 1874.
Robert Batt, Ksq., Milwaukee, Wis.
Dear Sir: You are the only party authorized to
make my Patent Legs in the Northwest, there be
ing no one in Chicago atthorized to manufacture
any of my patents. Yours &c,
Bly's Limbs manufactured on Government orders.
Apparatus for Shortened Limbs and allDcformi.
ties. For particulars address
ROBERT BATY,
105 Wisconsin Street Milwaukee Wis.
SAB LYE.
HAIE DYE.
BATCH ELOR'S CELEBRATED HAIR DYE.
beet in the world. The invenior has used th;B
4plended Hair Dve for 87 years with benent to the
hair, and no injury to his "health ; proof ihat it is
the only true and perfeet lye. Harmless, reliable,
instantaneous. -o aisapjutiniment: no noicuious
tints; remedies the ill eiiects of bad dyes; leave
the hair soft and beautiful Biack r Brown Sold
and properly applied at BATCULOR'S Wig fac
tory. jo. 10 isona street, i, coia oy iu urug-
Jists.
MOSQUITO BITES. VEGETABLE FDiSONS,
Ring-Worm, Burns. Chilblains. Itching of the Head
nd all Eruptions of the Skin, Face or Body imme
diately cared by Batchelor". Curative Ointment.
Sold wholesale and retail at Factory, No. Its Bond
street, and by all drnggista.
ff. A. BATCHELOBS SEAL OIL
for the Hair. The Best Hair 0"in use
BEAUTIFUL TEETH I WHITE AS PEARLS !
Sound, Healthy Gums, Breath Fragrant as the Rose
secared by using W. A. Batchelsr's Dentifrice. Sold
wholesale and mail at Factory, iso. lo bona street,
M. i. and Dy an druggists.
ff. A, BATCHELNR'S NEW OETIQOE
Black or En wn for tintinz the na.
Whiskers or Mcstachois without greasing them.
sola wnoiesaie ana retail at taciory, 10 noma M.
Sew York, and by all druggists. Ask for them.
ENGSAVINu-
iinpparoia
EDUCATIONAL.
Special Advantages.
I. Eight eminent Professors as Ihstructore.
The llest and most Elejjant Rooms in the West.
Boarding Club. Good board fl.60 to t a week'
i. Three k'iret class Penmen constantly employed
5. Superior individual instruction in Book-keeping.
.Commercial Law. Invaluable to business men.
r. Commercial Arithmetic, thorough and practical.
i. I'nequaled advantages for learning Telegraphy.
i Scholarships good in Forty Colleges.
'0. These advantages are possessed by no othe
School. Address
MONTAGUE & LILLIBRIDGE
Davenport, Iowa
SVPiaaae state where von saw thff card.
STOVS POLISH.
Phoenix Manuf 'ing Co,
TAUNTON, - MASS.
Manufacturers of the Celebrated '
An; article excelling in Labor Saving and Dura'
bility for nee on Stoves, Ranges, Grates, &c.
Crucibles of all Sizes I
Pill
Ingrain, also, Stair Carpets
ete.,very cheap at the Old Place
- - NEW YORK.
any iart of the U. S. free of charge.
J. A. BEND ALL,
AGENCY.
0. WIIi'GSXj
Purchasing Agent !
CHICAGO, ILL.
for Merchants und other at lowttt price p, witliou
and Books ai Publ'fliers' rates.
to tue uunuees. Mate wi-eie you saw mis adv.
Pressing and wrapping are of no possible benefit to
all useless expense, enabling tig to sell a superior
for an inferior article. Eery bar of the genuine
GERMAN." lake no other. Bold everywhere.
sea. ti sr g
SEATS AND CHAIRS, Sec.
New York.
Hotelfi
BINGHAM HOUSE.
Elever.th and Market Streets,
PHILADELPHIA. PA.
First & 2nd Floors, 13.00 per day; 3rd & 4th
Floors 2,50 per day.
Ccrlis Davis, Proprietor.
PEORIA HOUSE,
East corner Public Square,
PEORIA, ILLS.
Chas. A. Dkakk, Proprietor,
Rates reduced to $2 Ot ; fa 50; 00 per day.
AMERICAN HOTEL
Chestnat Street, opposite Independence Hall,
PHILADELPHIA, PA
8. M. HBTJLT2IGS, Proprietor.
Daily Argus kept on file.
Chas. Resmer.-
-Clerks-
-Ben. W Swop
J. U. Berrt. Book-keeDer.
WALHUT ST., HOUSE
Walnut Street, Bet 6th and 7th Streets,
CINCINNATI, OHIO
d&wly c. S. GREEN, Proprietor.
BABHUM'S HOTEL,
ST. LOUIS, MO
IN order to meet the wants of the transient pat
rous of this Hotel, rates have been reduced to
f 2.50 and $2.00 per day, according to location of
rooms. Its eminent standing will be fully main
tained in every particular.
L. A. PRATT, Proprietor
FREN CH'S HOTEL,
ON THE EUROPEAN PLAN,
Opposite City Hall, Park. Court House, and New
- Post Office.
NEW YORK.
All Modern Improvements, including Elevator
Rooms, f 1 per dav and upwards.
f. J. FRENCH & BROS,, Proprietors.
NEWHALL HOUSE
MILWAUKEE, WIS
J. F. ANTISDEL Proprietor.
The present proprietors of this Elegant Bote
have spared neither money or pains in furnishing
aud improving the house; and with the improved
Otis Elevator, recently put In It cannot be excelled
for convenience and comfort to the traveling public
COSMOPOLITAN HOTEL,
Corner of Chambers Street, and West Broadway,
NEW YORK.
ON THE EUROPEAN PLAN.
First-class accommodations for 400 guests. Lnca
ted conveniently to bus!ntB aud places of amuse
ments. Cars from all depots pass the door. Rooms
from $1 to $3 per day. Newly and handsomely fur
nished and decorated.
N. & 8. J . IIUGGLN 8. Proprietors.
N. Uuggins, formerly of Manha ten Hotel. S. J.
Quiqrtns, formerly af Lovejoy'a Hotel.
HOTEL'DOVENSHIRE.
Opposite Grand Central Depot, on 41st and 41 Pus.
Jbet. 4th audoiU Avenues, ew Yoik.
Tue Hotel Devonshire is a new first class Ho
tel, elegantly furnished and well ventilat. d Every
room is bright and cheer a I. The hotel is a modem
fetructure, built xprrfly for a first -class nonse.and
has every modern improvement. It is conducted
on the- European t-U", at moderate charges.
Persons visiting the ciy will save carriage hire aud
secure the best accommodations for the smallest
coat, by stopping at the Hotel Devonshire.
ASHLAND HOUSE,
Fourtu'Ave. Ccr. 44th St,,
New York Oity.
American and European Plan.
The central location of the "Ashland" mskes it
very desirable plate for strangers, being one
block from Madison Park, also Broadway, and only
a short distance from any cf the principal places
cf amusement.
By taking either 83d St., cross town, or Fourth
Avenue tstreet Cars, access may be had direct from
the door, to any pan of the city.
: MB. EDWARD A. JOHNSON,
will be found in charge of the office, where he has
presided lor eight years, and will not fail to give
satisfaction to guests.
Room and Board-2,00, $,50 and $3prDay.
Uooxa fl per Day and Upwards.
H. IL BROCEW'AY, Proprietor.

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