Newspaper Page Text
THE ABGUS. FBIDAY. aPi , I. lu. 1891.
THE ARGUS .
FnbUabed Daily aad Weekly at 18M (tml At
m, Bock lalaad, liL
J. W. Potter.
All eonmanteatinct of a erit'eal or argumenta
tive character, poliucal or reliaioa. man hare
rachd for paMicatioa So aoch ani
w"l pnnled orer aetitioaa nsnatarea
Amonrmon communication not noticed.
,SSTY!xirPc from Try towtjtip
la Kock lalaad coanty.
Fuoat, April 10. 1891.
Pnrxiua T. Baekum waa undoubtedly
the greatest showman the the world ever
aw. Hie power to diecern human curi
osity aod credulity end pander to them
wis the foundation of a great fortune.
It may be that nature will help out the
Mc Kicky law by redact eg the wheat
crope of France and Russia and thereby
increasing the price of wheat. The logi
cal sequence remains the same. whateTer
may be the facta. So one can be enriched
by the McEinley act except by the impov
erishment of someone else. High protec
tion must always haTe its victim.
PsxsrcKxr Habbisox and suite are to
take a grand "swing around the circle
next week. Our president Is looking to
the "fences." Clarkson. the sub-boss of
the republican national committee. Has
,giTen notice that he must have every
thing in order as early as a year from the
coming month May. lie wants an early
Is the new drop-a-nickel photograph
machine the time required to produce the
picture it one and three-quarter minutes.
From the beginning of the operation un
til the completed picture no hand has
touched the plate. There is an arrange
ment on the front of the case by which
the time of the developing may be short
ened or prolonged as a darkly or lightly
printed picture is wanted. The picture,
after being dropped out, is taken by an
attendant and dried and fitted in a neat
brass case; for this latter service an ad
ditional nickel is charged. The machine
is equipped with 400 small plates, known
to the photographic trade as argentic dry
p'.ates, and sufficient chemicais forja day's
The resignation of Senator Edmunds
takes from the senate one of its most fa
miliar and distinguished figures. I a
point of service be is one of the oldest
members, and a new face beside his Ver
mont colleague will be a strange sight in
the senate chamber. His career in the
senate has been an honorable one, but his
intense partisanship has prevented him
from being of the highest usefulness to
the public In this respect he was often
a disappointment to republicans of the
class who haTe the welfire of the party
sinctrely at heart. But these were mis
takes of judgment and did not rtftec:
upon his consciousness and sincerity.
Like Tburcoan he was a strong partisan,
but a thoroughly upright and honorable
The vote on mayor in Chicago is so
close between Dewitt C. Cregier and
Hempstead Wasbburne that it will take
the official count to determine who is
elected. With the exception of the candi
date for city treasurer, the republicans
elect the remainder of the city ticket,
while the south, north and west town dem
ocratic tickets were elected. The Herald
in commenting upon the election and the
present doubt surrounding the mayoral
. election, says:
Thanks to the incomparable treachery
of Carter H. Harrison, tbe democratic vote
in Chicago on Tuesday was split squarely
in two. but in spite of democratic treason
-and of republican falsehood there is
reason to believe that Mayor Cregier baa
been reelected by a small plurslity.
Of course the republicans whohave con
ducted almost to success a campaign of
slander against the democratic mayor of
this city will not now hesitate to declare
that a conspiracy is on foot to "count in"
the Cregier ticket, sotnsofthem, abandon
ing figures and relying only upon decla
mation, have already voiced the old fa
miliar cry of fraud. But there is not the
lightest reason to sappose that the re
turns have been or will be tampered with.
They are well safe-guarded by represen
tatives of both parties, and their falsifica
tion is practically an im possibility.
One thing only is to be insisted upon,
and that is tbat neither bluffer Eor bull
dczer shall determine the result, but that
votes actually cast shall be counted aod
the result duiv announced. IfHemps.ead
Waehbnrne shall be found to have re
ceived a plurality of one vote he
will be the mayor. If. ou the other
band Dewitt C. Creeier shall
be fcuod to have a plurality, large
or small, be will be the mayor, and no
threats or libels of professional slanderers
will be potent to change the result in any
But for Carter Harrison's detestable
swinishness and the miserable trading by
disreputables running for minor offices in
some of the wards, Mr. Cregier's plurality
would have been a handsome one. As it
is he appears to have triumphed over a
combination well calculated to destroy
him and bis party. There is nothing to
do but to await the official count. Brag
and bluster will not decide the matter.
Votes will. There is reason to believe
that Cregier has the votes.
My son has been afflicted with nasal
catarrh since quite yoong. I was induced
to try Ely's Cream Balm, and before be
bad used one bottle tbat disagreeable ca
tarrhal smell had all left him. Ha ap
pears as well as anyone. It is the beet
catarrh remedy in the market. J. C.
Oltnstead, Areola. Ill-
WORK IN NICARAGUA.
NATIVES OF THAT COUNTRY ARE
EXPERT AT CARVING WOOD.
The Vfomn Arm Terr Skillful in C UtiBf
Design The Mta Wnn Hamiaock
and Shawl ConaJderable Work It Done
ia Cold aad Eiieer Jewelry la I lenty.
Americans are far famed relic h inters
and, following a natural instinct, 're de
termined to make the most of oar jppor
tnnities for ferreting out interesting native
work and antique remains of the a bo: igi nes
Of half a dozen cities of the country,
with populations ranging from 10 000 to
40,000, each has a distinct class of work,
and what you will find at one place It made
nowhere else. We started our hunt for
curiosities at Rivas, less than t went;.-miles
from the Pacific and west of the gret t lake,
as are all the larger settlements of the
country. At an outlying town, to which
we are guided, we stop before the bars that
form the only gateway to the cactus hedge,
and, taking down the top ones, en er th
Our every step is contested by a con pi
of dogs that bark, bat retreat before us.
They are useful in bringing oat to the
doorway of the adobe house a young girl
with Indian features, who calls off the ca
nines and f-.iluteus with a "bueno dias."
This yoanK-irl and her sister are known
as the carvers of "jicar&s,"or chocolate
enps, in a manner that no others car equal.
We enter the living room of the boose,
walking on the hard clay floor, and nquire
If she has any of her work on ban I. She
goes to an au joining room and briu.-s forth
a single sample, a gourd beautifully carved
with forms of birds amid a mechanical de
sign encircling it, the piere being ct.t off at
one end to form a cap. We succeet: in get
ting two or three jicaras, and if vj want
more we must order them and trait for
weeks. The custom of working to order is
so prevalent here that it is almost impos
sible to find anything ready made of any
Later on we visit another expert carver,
but her work is of a different style her de
aigns being made up of shields of t ie vari
ous Central American countries, which
she copies from silver pieces of money.
They each do their work with the ioint of
an old table knife, the latter carver being
surrounded by a brood of ratherdiry faced
children, who play on the mud floor of her
cane house. A third carver of finj work
we find here uses only the cocoanut as hn
material, and this he adorns with b rds and
shields, afterward staining them black,
which gives the whole a rich ebony appear
ance. The jicaraisthecupof the country for
the mass of the people, and at near: y every
house it is common to see a tree shaped
stand within doors on which they hang.
Every cup is carved in some fashion, but if
yon want fine carving you wiil be told to
send to H;vas. If you give an orier and
have patience you can have any ues ign im
itated by thee carvers, whose rork is
quite handsome and artistic Tl ere are
others who carve rings and oraan ects of
the coyol nut used in making jewelry, each
workman confining himself to a separate
But now we want a hammock. We can
find none where the cups are made though
the plant which gives the fiber needed for
its manufacture grows here as reidily as
anywhere ia the country, and we are met
by the sight of hedges of it on jJl sides.
We mast go to Loon or Ma&aya. aad there
probably not find a single fine h.immock
ready to be sold. We must order them and
wait for a month or so until tiicya-emade.
The Indians are the manufacturers of these
hammocks, the easy chairs and lounges cf
the country in which midday sistas are
On order any variety of de:gn will La
worked, a hammock forming aa American
flag being a favorite. Wishing to pur
chase, we inquired from house to house
where the weaving was in progress, bat
could find no completed kammoc k. The
Indians doing this work all live in cane
houses with mud floors, and a fire :'or cook
ing on the ground, in true wigwam style.
The labor is aU done in the open air. What
do they do when it rains They jest; but
then the dry season here lasts for six
months, and during that time teldom a
drop of rain falls and the Indians t re never
interrupted ki their work.
If we wish to see the weaving of shawls,
which are finely embroidered in bright col
ors, we mast go to Granada, wl ere only
lately heavy shock? of earthuuale drove
the people from their homes aod v here we
now find them busy repairing the cracked
walla and broken tile roofs. We fi nd them
working with weaving machines of the
fashion we are accustomed to sm in pict
ures of tools of pest centuries. Che spin
dles are thrown from side to sid' by the
weaver's hands, and the woof is put in
with a treading motion of the fees. A lit
tle engine and approved machine -y would
do the work of hundreds of these relics of
past generations. Shawls are maiie of silk
and worsted, and one has onlj to go to
church on Sunday morning to see s display
of a great variety of them.
The most interesting of the industries
found here is the filigree work, tt rued out
chiefly at Leon, Chinandegaand Managua.
This ia done in gold and silver as the
metal comes from the mines, t nd is of
Venetian style. Wa Lave entered the
shops of these plateroe or sH versa iths, and
watched the delicate and rapid canipula
t ion of the threads of metal while being
formed into jewelry. Brooches 'veighing
from half an ounce to an ounce ue made
with no hidden part of base metdbntall
cf gold as it came from the mines ia Chon
tales. The coyol nut, inlaid w.th gold,
and forming the setting of a broo h or ear
rings is used with fine advantage and is
often skillfully carved. This nt t has the
appearpnee of ebony, and from it risgs are
also made, as they are of turtle shell,
which is very plentiful here on both the
Pacific and Atlantic coasts.
The criticism first suggested is the pov
erty in the variety of designs in tl e articles
manufactured. The capacity fjr Idoing
fine work is shown, but, while the workers
are able to copy satisfactorily, designs are
lacking. Mr. Braida has sogges; ed that a
school of design be started here t encour
age such efforts, that the results cf native
labor may be suitable for exj ortation,
which might easily be done, fcr labor is
Filigree work is turned out in great
quantities, and one has only to walk
through the streets of any of th s cities to
see who the patrons of this inditstry are.
Xearly every woman met has onu jnents of
gold, brooches worn with chains of gold
beads, finger rings and earring;, all ia
abundance. There is evidently ft great
fondness for jewelry. Among ti e masses
of the people these native made o -namecta
are very popular, bat, as everyvrl .ere else,
that which is foreign very often has the
preference among the upper classe , thongh
it may not be so tasteful. Parisia l jewelry
ia sold on all hands. Diamonds are the
mobt popular of the precious et mea, and
they meet a ready sale. Charle L Hera
la 2ertv York Sun.
THE BELLS OF COIRE.
Where rose the mountains, line on Has,
Above the brawling upper Rhine,
We beard from soaring tower and spire
Ontriog- the mellow bells of Coira.
Sweet were the echoes downward borne
From heights that climbed to meet the mora;
From heights that bade the soul aspire
Tbey rang, those tanefol bells of Oolre.
While darker gloomed the armied firs.
While sharper loomed the mountain spars.
While sank the son. a disk of fire.
Tbey pealed, those ancient bells of Coire.
They rang of hopes, they rang of fears.
They rang of Jots, they rang of tears.
They rang the wandering heart's desire.
Of home and friends, the bells of Coire!
Clinton Suollard in Harper's Bazar.
Why They Sever Speak.
America is not the only country in which
fortune tellers flourish. In Europe they
also thrive, as will be seen by the follow
Near Beauvais there lives a family the
members of which, it ia said, have never
spoken to each other.
Several years ago a local sorcerer in
formed the head of the family that if he
and his wife and daughter would keep si
lence daring their lives they would ia
coarse of time inherit a large fortune. The
husband communicated this happy intelli
gence in writing to his wife, and ebe in
formed her daughter, and so for several
years the three lived together dumb as oys
ters. Recently, however, the two women found
life unbearable under such conditions and
resolved to ask the fortune teller for per
mission to use their tongues, if only at
rare intervals. At this suggestion the
prophet was inexpressibly shocked, but
seeing that the women were unable to
overcome their natural love of loquacity,
be finally granted tbem permission to talk
to each other outside the town boundaries.
There.ult is that the mother and daugh
ter continue to keep silence in the house,
but start every Tuesday for Tournay,
where they enjoy a long, healthy chat.
The husband and father remains silent
at home, and as he has not asked the
prophet to show him any favors it is evi
dent that he prefers silence to speech. He
is confident, also, tbat he will some day in
herit the large fortune, and this hope sus
tains him in his silent, solitary life. New
A Way of AbboskIb; Name.
I have a bachelor friend of extended ac
quaintance whose pleasant rooms are quite
a resort for his friends on Sunday evenings;
indeed, they present something like a cross
between clubrooms and the idea of the "sa
lon." These Sunday evenings are devoted
entirely to conversation and the discussion
of some kind of novel lunch, which the
generous Lost presents in some odd and
picturesque manner. My friend has a
number of carious fashions in the details
of receiving and entertaining his visitors,
some of which are vcrv bright and sensible.
For instance, he has a large wire rack hung
in a conspicuous place, and apoo the arri
val of any new visitor a card, upon which
the name of the latter is painted ia large
letters, is stuck into the rack in plain view
of ail who are present.
"Persons rarely understand or remember
names when tbey are Grt introduced." re
marked my friend, "and I find that this
sitsple system not only relieves my guests
o.f embarrassment, but sometimes is a
matter of gre;it convenience to rny forget-
lul seil. .ew lorkfctar.
Where Theatrical Interests Clashed.
The theatrical caterer has often to con
tend with outside influences over which he
has no control, resulting in scanty audi
ences, or it may be no audience at alL A
manager of the old Bower saloon meeting
a friend one day nesr the Horse Guards,
the latter inquired how he was cettinff on.
"Oh, we live, sir, we live." was the replv.
"Well. I must be off," said his friend,
"I'm in a harry to see about seats at the
Italian opera next week." "What:" ex
claimed the Bower manager, "does the
Italian opera open next week? I'm very
sorry to hear it." "Why, what can it mat
ter to you?" cried the other. "Surely you
don't imagine that the opera performances
win clasti with yours?" "Won't it,
though?" was the answer. "My audience
wou't be inside Her Majesty's, but they
will all be there picking pockets!" and
shaking hands, the dismayed managet
went sadly on his way. Chambers' Jour
To Circumvent the Sampler.
An effective method of reducing losses
from sampling, and at t be same time al
lowing goods to be seen by customers, has
been adopted by many retail grocers. Boxes
about the height of a barrel, and of similar
capacity, are constructed of hard wood,
with a hinged glass cover. The contents
can be easily seen, owing to the fact that
the covers slopedownward from the back
about thirty degrees, and can be removed
as expeditiously as from an ordinary bar
rel. Only the most impudent sampler
would dream of lifting the covers to get at
the goods, hence the saving in the coarse
of a year must amount to a considerable
sum in stores where the business is large.
ew iork Commercial Advertiser.
Knew One Tune.
Some persons have an ear for music and
others have not. Gen. Grant used to say
that he knew two tunes; one was "Yankee
Doodle" and the other wasn't. One night
not long ago Mr. Homer Lee sat at a ban
quet table ia the Hotel Brunswick. A
muscular aod industrious orchestra was
struggling manfully with "The Last Rose
of Summer." Mr. Lee listened with evi
dent enjoyment for some seconds and then
exclaimed: "Ah. that is a sweet air.
always did enjoy 'Away Down Upon the
buawnee Kiver.' -ew York Tunes.
A Iterative Bnsiaeaa.
There is good money ia canvassing if it
is properly worked. I have sometimes
made $25 a day, and I always average tlO,
oat mat is netting compared to a book
agent I know, who makes every year from
15,000 to $20,000. . He has a specialty, how
everrare old books and etchings. But he
is a canvasser. That man hires a carriage
when he is at work and his profits are
enormous. interview in Chicago News.
Highest of all in Leavening Power.
THE VELOCITi OF LIGHT.
Speed Tbat la Too Croat for the Avorag
XUad to rally Co ta pre head.
If you could take all the people in the
world and set them oat in space a mile
apart, like mile poets along a railroad, aod
then at the farther end use all the dogs and
cats to extend the line of mile poets, you
woild run far short of material to mark
the distance out to the earth's brother
planet, Neptune. Again, if you could use
all this material of men, women, children,
dogs and cats, and put them out so that
tbey would be as far from one another as
Boston is from San Irancisco, your line
wouldn't be half long enough to reach to
the nearest star.
On a clear night the average eye will
readily see stars as low as the sixth magni
tude. Such a shining beauty as Sirios
winks at you so archly that it seems al
most impossible that years are consumed
in the passage of its rays to the earth,
when we remember that light travels more
than ISO.OOO miles in a second. Yes, if the
nearest of the bea-jtiful twinklers should
be blotted oat at this moment we should
still see it without the slightest change in
appearance two or three years after Chi
cago cleans up the debris of the World's
Bat even a star so far away as that seems
nearly within touching distance when we
find that oter stars, visible with the tele
scope, are so far away that, for all we
know, tbey may have been blotted out be
fore Cain aod Abel were bora. That is to
say, if one of those far distant orbs had
been utterly annihilated, as vou would
snuff out a candle, when Adam and Eve
were enjoying themselves ia the Gardea of
Eden, the rovs then starting toward the
earth, notwithstanding the awful speed of
ngnt, could not get here in time to meet
the closing of the Nineteenth century.
How do we know that light travels at
such wonderful speed ? Up to about two
hundred and twenty-five vears ago it was
supposed that rays of light from all the
celestial orbs passed instantly to the ob
server's eye. The old astronomers, in fact.
never took thought of the matter at alL
They simply saw the sun and the stars,
bat they never dreamed that the rays from
them had to journey millions, billions and
trillions of miles ia getting to mundane
eyes. It was the great fortune of a Danish
astronomer to make the discovery that
light, as well as sound or a railway train,
requires a given time to travel a given dis
tance. Roemer, the famous Dane alluded to,
was led to his discovery by observations of
the eclipses of Jupiter's moons. He fouod
that there was a difference of several min
utes in these eclipses, that they occurred
earlier when the earth was oa the side of
the sun nearest to Jnpiter and later when
farthest away. With this data as a start
ing point he soon found that the differ
ence of apparent time resulted from the
time required for light to travel across the
diameter of the earth's orbit, about one
hundred and eighty-two million miles.
This time proved to be about sixteen min
utes, and as half that would be the time
from the earth to the sun the mystery was
The accuracy cf this calculation has since
beeu verified by other methods aud ail
authorities now agree that the velocity of
light is not far from 15-O.OuO miles a second.
It is difficult for the mind to crasp and
comprehend such speed. The swiftest ani
mated thins " undoubtedly the pigeon,
which has been known to travel handr?ds
of miles at the rate of fifty miles an hour.
A little arithmetical exercise will show
that it would take a pigcou more than 303
years to cover the distance to the sun at
fifty miles an hoar without a stop, and to
go as far as Xeptane it would take the
bird nearly a thousand years.
When we want an illustration of speed
we often u.e the expression "swift as a
cannon ball." But if you could fire a can
non ball to the sua wheu you are a college
freshman your hair would be sprinkled
with gray wheu the ball stopped, for you
would be seventeeo years older than wheu
you fired the shot. Philadelphia Times.
Clergymen and Humor.
I asked a college professor this question,
"What are the elements that make Pres
ident a great college president ?" This
blank I filled in with a name distinguished
in academic annals. "The first element is
his humor," was the reply. VBat humor,"
continued the professor, "is a pretty shad
owy thing to constitute a great college
president, isn't it? At first view humor is
a pretty slight foundation for a great repu
tation as a profound scholar and efficient
executive. But at second view humor is a
not unfitting foundation. Humor implies
sympathy with men, bigness of beart, ab
sence of intellectual and moral hysteria,
and a freedom or means of escape from
many of life's fretting cares and annoying
anxieties. If in my own work I should
prefer certain qualities to be superior to
humor I yet should regret to be devoid of
this sense. I wish that each of as minis
ters had a large possession of this gracious
faculty. Our pastorates would be larger,
more pleasant to the church and to our
selves, and our nights would be less in
fested with cares and 1 more filled with
music." Chicago Advance.
Of M. de Lacepede, a well known French
writer on natural history, it is recorded
that he composed aod corrected his works
from beginning to end before he wrote
them down. A similar practice is ascribed
to Prescott, the American historian, who,
it is said, used to compose and finish his
narratives in his mind before a word of
tbem was committed to paper.
That a man should be able thus to store
his own writings in his memory is harder
to understand than tbat he should recall
the writings of another, because in the
one case every word is immutable, where
as in the other nothing is absolutely fixed
It is a significant fact that a powerful
memory is more generally coveted than is
either the imaginative or the ratiocinative
lactuty. xnis is apparently because a
strong memory can be turned to so many
uses, not only in literature, but in the con
duct of life. 2ew iork ledger.
To the young face Pozzoni's Com pie i
ionPowder gives fresher charms, to tt
old renewed youth. Try it.
17. S. Gov't Report, Aug. 17, 1889.
J. B. ZLMMER,
THB WILL KNOWN
M erchant Tailor,
Stak Block, Oppobitk Haeper House.
ha pnrcbased for the
Spring and Summer of 1891,
A largtrand fleer nock than ever. Tbese cooda will arrive in a few days. Wait aad seethes.
H. SIEMON & SON,
Baxter Banner Cook in 2 and lleat-n? Stove-- and the Geneeeo Cooking Stoves
Tin, Copper and Sheet Iron Work.
1508 SECONT A YE., ROCK ISLAND, ILL.
a iB a& as.
Calf Goodyear Welt Shoes?
The best Men's Steahoe in the city for ice
Second and Harrison Sis.
J". HvL. CHRISTT,
Steam Cracker Bakery,
xactvactobzb or cxacxiai ahs bis (ruin.
Ask your Grocer for them. They are best.
SaT-Bpeclittiea; The Ckr.stj "OYSTXB" and tie Christy "WATZ&-"
ROCK ISLAND. ILL.
SEIVERS & ANDERSON,
Contractors and Bu.ild.ers,
ALL KIND 8 OF CABPEXTKH WORK B02TE.
trar General Jobbing dose as abort notice and aasracttoa rcaianteed.
Office and Shop 1412 Fourth Avenue. KOCK ISLAND ILL.
Agency for Excelsior Roofing Company.
v ' - i
Cheaper thak Shixgles.
Send for circn'.ar. Tele phone
GE0EGE SCHAFEB, Proprietor.
131 Secsnd Avenue. Corner of sixteenth Scree' - Opposite Harper's Theatre.
The choicest Wines, Liquors. Beer and Cigars always on Hand
Free Lunch XTery Da?
Office and Shop Corner Seventeenth St
aad Seventh Avenue.
"All ataf a or carpenter work a specialty.
ST. JAMES HOTEL,
Comer Twenty-third street and 7oorth avenne EOCK ISLAM). ILL.
.J. T. RYAN, Proprietor.
Thia bonae has jnat Wn refitted throngbont aad Is now in A No. 1 condition. It ia a ni9t-c".s
(1.00 per dayhoaseanda desirable family hotel.
X aanf actnrer of aB km da of
BOOTS AND SHOES
GeaU'Ftne Shoe arpecialtj. Repairing done neatly and prompt?.
A share of your patronage reepectfolly solicited.
1813 Second Avenue. Roek Island, Ii.
CONTRACTOR AND BUILDER,
Shop corner Twenty-eemnd street aad Xictfc avenoe. Reaidenc 2933
V i prepared to auke ertimato and do aU kinda of Carpenter work. Give him a trial.
STABY, BEEGEE & SNELL,
t. H. ELLIS, Rock Island. III.
1036. Cor. Fourteenth St and Second Av-
Sandwiches Famished on Short No
: - Rock Island
Plana aad estimate for all kind of baUdincr