Newspaper Page Text
THJE AKGUb. FBtDAY. MAY 15. 1891.
Published Daily and Weekly at Id Second Av
enue, Rock Island, 1U.
J. W. Potter. -
Tnw-Dally, toe per month; Weekly, 98.00
11 eommanicattons of a critical or argumenta
tive character, political or religion, mart have
real name attached (or publication. No anch artl
tlclet will be printed over nctitioue signatures
Anmiymoo communications not noticed.
Correspondence solicited from trerj township
In Rock Island county.
Friday. Mat 15. 1891.
Th ?5th anniversary of the American
Bible tociety will be celebrated next
Th New York llerald baa just pot in
a new Hoe press wbicb prints and folds
90,000 papera per tour.
Tes Russian financiers bare notified
the bank of England that they will want
a lot of their gold deposited there.
Diaw friend don't hunt the editor
With pistol or with ran ;
And ask him if he raid it, or
Expect that he will ran.
Bit threaabare linen duster
Mar still hie patches h'.de.
But hi morale are developed
And the Lord is on hie aide !
Ths illness of Secretary Biaine is a
source of great alarm to republicans ev..rv
wbere. A fatal culmination would re
move the one strong man in the party.
JJe is the force of the administration, and
all thinking republicans concede it. He
is the giant among picmies, ami without
him the party's poer would be Rone forever.
Thk Chicago Eerald replies to a cor -responpent
with infinite wisdom as fol
lows: "There is but little evidence that
cigarettes are made of tobacco. They
don't look like tobacco, don't taste like
it, and certainly don't smell like it. To
bacco smoke has a pleasant odor ; but if
there is anything on earth, or in the wa
ters under the earth, that has a more dis
agreable, nauseating, noisome, disgust
ing loathsome, pernicious and nasty smell
than cigarette smoke it has not been dis
covered. It is said that vermin will not
bite a cigarette smoker. Wbat are the
materials used for the manufacture of
cigarettes? We give it up. The imag
ination is staggered at the conundrum
and the system becomes unsettled when
the mind grapples with the problem."
Cleveland') Haaeat Uaetnee.
Ex'Presidect Grover Cleveland has not
made a more powerful or more thought
ful speech than at Buffalo the other
night when he discussed the extrava
gance of the last congress . The w arcing
Mr. Cleveland sends forth of the dangers
to a republican government from famil
iarity with and and tolerance of extrava
gance in public affairs is in the highest
degree timely and pertinent. It ii truly
time to arouse the people from the leth
argy into which they have fallen. Truly
does the Indianapolis Sentinel exclaim:
A continuance of such extravagance so
foreign to the principle of republican
government can but lead to the even
tnal overthrow of even that form. As
Mr. Cleveland ssys:
Turn where we will we see the advance
of this devouring and destructive crea
ture. Our democratic faith teaches us that
the useless exaction of money from the
people upon the false pretext of public
necesssity is the worst of all govern
mental perversions, and involves the
greatest of all dangers to our guarantees
of justice and equity. We netd not un
learn this lesson to apprehend the fact
that behind such exaction and as its
source of existence is found public ex
travagance. The ax will not be laid at
the root of the unwholesome tariff tree
with its vicious inequality and injustice
until we reach and destroy its parent at. d
But the growth of public extravagance
in these latter d its, and its unconcealed
and dreadful manifestations, force us to
the contemplation of other crimes, of
which it is undoubtedly Ruilty, beside
unjust exactions from the people.
Our government is so ordained that its
life blood flaws from the virtue and
patriotism of our people, and ita
health and strength depend upon The
integrity and faithfulness of their
public sertanu. If these are de
stroyed our government, if it endures,
will endure only in name. failing
to bless thof-e for whom it was creutt d
and failing in its mission as an example
to mankind .
Public extravagance jn its relation to
Inequitable tariff laws not only lays an
UDjust tribute upon the people, but it is
responsible for unfair advantages be
stowed upon special and favortd interests
as the price of partisan support. Thus
.the exercise of the popular will for the
benefit of the country at large is replaced
by sordid and selfish motives directed to
personal advantage, while the encourage
ment of euch motives in public place for
party ends deadens the official conscience.
Public extravagance direc'ly distributes
gifts and gratuities among the people,
whose toleration of waste is thus secured,
or whose past party services are thus
compensated, or who are thus bribed to
future party sapport. This makes the
continuance of partisan power a stronger
motive among public servants than the
faithful discharge of the people's trust,
and sows the teed of contagious corrup
tion in the body politic-
The people of the TJni.ed States hold
Grover Cleveland in high esteem simply
because be his such yiews as those ex
pressed above. "A public cfficeisapublic
trust" haa alwaya been his motto, In office
and in him the people see a most striking
and most pleasing contrast to the Reeds,
Blainea, McKinleys and Harrisons.
ENGLISH AND AMERICAN W'GES.
Wagee fry the Yard and Pound Loirer la
, America Than In England.
A German manufacturer of voolen
goods, who visited this country ith a
view to establishing a branch manufac
tory here in order to retain the xt arket
out of which th McKinley law has
practically shut him, has written to a
New York paper giving the reasons why
he abandoned the idea of building here.
His principal reason was the tax on raw
wooL which would make it impossible
for him to sell any of his product outside
of the United States.
Our protectionists usually repisent
that the one great disadvantage vhich
confronts oar manufacturers in compe
tition with the manufacturers o Eu
rope is the higher price of labor in this
country. This German manufacturer,
however, did not find that there was
near so great a difference of wages as
has been claimed. Indeed, he says that,
after personal inquiries in the indus
trial districts of New York, New J ersey
and Pennsylvania, he finds that the aver
age rate is scarcely 25 per cent higher
than in Germany; and he asks what this
amounts to when the woolen prolucts
are subject to duties ranging from 80 to
100 per cent
It has long been known by people who
care to inform themselves of the -jxact
facts that cotton and woolen 'veav
ing costs less per year for labor
in the United States than in any
European country. Wages are ad
mitted to be generally higher of
ten much higher, here by the day or
week, but as our labor is more product
ive, a yard of cloth is actually woven
more cheaply with us than in Europe.
This is a fact officially certified to 1 y the
authorities at Washington under Repub
In 1SS2 our consuls in Europe we-e di
rected by Secretary of the Treasury F. T.
Frelinghuysen to report upon the otton
and woolen weaving industries in their
respective districts. Our consul at Man
chester, England, Albert D. Shaw, re
ported upon the cotton goods industry of
Lancashire. In the course of his report
he gave certain tables prepared by the
late Mr. James Thornly. of Manchester,
showing the labor cost of cotton wet-ving
at several English and American certers.
This Mr. Thornly visited America in 1ST9
as the "special commissioner" of the
Manchester Textile Manufacturer, and
wrote a series of letters which Consul
Shaw vouches for as "reliable."
Here are two tables quoted by O rosul
Shaw from the letters of Mr. Thornly
which give the English and the Ameri
can cost of weaving what is called j rint
ing cloth that is, the cloth from w hich
calico prints are made:
rced,14picka reed. 16
(GOjl-64). 53 picVsfUxM).
yards. 58 yards.
In England Cents. Cents.
Ashton-ander-Lyne.. 24.68 27.;o
Black bam sr.ot 39.(6
Stockport 25.W 29.43
Hyde 25 JS S9S-0
Average 25.00 2.t3
2S in., 56 28 in.. 00
reed. 14 picks reed, 16
(60xa6). 58 picks (1-4x64),
yards. 5S raids.
Is America Cents. Cents.
Rhode Island 16.fC Cnkntwo.
Providence , . 22.33
Fall Kiver ltf.wi S3j:j
Lowell lli.MS 23.2J
Average is.50 22.9)
This ia a comparison of wages by the
piece; a similar result is obtained in a
comparison of wages by the pound of
cloth woven. Thus the wajre cost per
pound is: In Fall River, 6.907 cento ; in
Lowell, 6.8S3 cents; in Rhode Island,
6.422 cents; in Pennsylvania, 6.44 a nts;
in England, C.9G2 cents.
Notwithstanding our lower wages by
the yard and by the pound this English
man found that our weavers were earn
ing more money in a week than English
weavers did. The cause was simple
enough. The American weavers in
many cases work eight looms, a tiing
unheard of in England.
The figures here given showadiler
ence which certainly has not grown less
How extremely ridiculous, in the light
of these facta, becomes the cry of "pro
tection for American labor!" How fool
ish the fear of the "pauper labor" of
Ohio Wool Is Down.
The fine wori of the Ohio political
wool growers in having the wool dt-ties
'increased bus not had the effect winch
they desired. They thought that higher
duties on foreign wool would iiean
higher prices for their own product, but
such has not been the result
Tho Boston Commercial Bulletin, a
high tariff paper, has an editorial on
"The Passing of Ohio Wool," in wliich
it shows that the prices of Ohio and
Michigan fine fleece wools are lower by
more than one cent a pound than they
were care year ago. Ohio XX has dror ped
from to 22 cents, Ohio X from Til to
SI cents, and Michigan X from 0 to 2SJ
cents. During the first three montln of
this year the quantity of these wools old
in the Boston market, by far the largest
wool market in the country, was less by
nearly 12 per cent, than in the same t me
On the other hand, Australian wool
has been handled this year in Bostoii in
enormously greater quantities than last
year, as the following table will show:
Stock on hand Jan. 1 8U1,7(I0 LSX.ono
Total imports to A pril I. ... 0.4J0.3W 2,8f, ,609
Total supply for three
months 10JB8.0P4 4.751.659
Sales to April 1 6,8H7,0U0 2.HX.OU0
This Australian wool, the manufact
urers say, is of a more even grade ttan
the Ohio wool, and does not contain so
much foreign matter and wool unst it
able for use in the lines of goods on
which the mills run. The Australian
wool is mixed in manufacturing w th
that of Texas and the. territories, and
thus an unusual demand for these grades
has been caused this year.
In view of these facta, the high tai iff
Bulletin with bitter sarcasm hints to the
Ohio political shepherds that they wot Id
better betake themselves to raising sheep
for mutton, and says for their encour
agement, "Raising sheep for mutt mi
pays even here in Massachusetts."
MAILS ON SX0WSH0ES.
PERILS OF THE SERVICE IN THE
Bow Letter Are Carried from Civilisa
tion to tbe Hats and Mining- Camps
Amid the Snow Capped Hills of the
Tar West Tragic Death of Swan Kilson.
The most welcome of all in the mining
camps far up the Rocky mountain peaks
are the mail carriers. Brave, hardy fellows
they are that climb the peaks on snow
shoes, delivering the mail and many pre
cious packages that always fill the pouch.
Delivering the mails in the mountains ia
midwinter is a difficult and dangerous
work. Sometimes the carrier is swept
away by a snow-slide, and mouths roll
away before the brave fellow and his pouch
are found. About fifty of these mountaiu
mail carriers lose their lives yearly on the
dangerous trails in Colorado carrying the
mails on snowshocs to the frontier mining
camps. In Utah, Idaho and other parts of
the west in the same manner they force
their way over the lofty ranges.
Some mountaineers are snowed in for the
winter, and it is impossible to reach them;
but as far as possible the remotest settle
ments in the valleys and ou tbe peaks of
tbe Rocky mountains have the mail sent
to them. The carrier in the frontier of the
Rocky mountains straps the mail sack,
usually a Xo. 4, on his back, puts on his
Norwegian snowshocs, and with a long
guiding pole starts on his weary climb
lock" was rusty and the pou'cLY had to Te
aut open. The wax on the currency pack
age had rotted a hole through the green
backs. Some of the mail was moldy, but
a part of it could be read quite easily.
Seattle Post-Intelligencer. '
He "Fired" the Reporter.
Mr. Hesing, editor of The Staats-Zeitung,
of Chicago, had an experience with a new
reporter not long ago that almost caused a
fit of apoplexy. One night there was a fire
just across the street from the office, and
Mr. Hesing called on Schmidt, the new
man, to "go over and take a look at it."
Mr. Hesing and Schmidt Btood on the office
steps for a short time, and then the former
left for his home. The blaze was a serious
one, and all the morning papers but one
gave the Item from one-third to one-half
column. The exception was The Staats
Mr. Hesing always talks English when
he is angry, so when he called for "Dot fel
low Schmidt" we all knew things for the
new reporter were not going to be bo pleas
ant as might be. Schmidt aDneared beforn
1 Ilia jtKiof "V. flwln'fr t., .i-.lta ., n !.-..
firef" asked Mr. Hesing. "Vy, you saw
do whole blazes yourself. Vat vas der use
of writing M If you hadn't seen dot fire
I vould have written somedings." Mr.
Hesing was hot. "I tell you vot you do,
Schmidt" yelled the editor. "Yen any
body asks you vas you working mit der
Staats Zeitung, you yust tells dem no."
Interview in St. Louis Globe-Democrat.
Chameleons as Ieta.
A Fulton street dealer in birds and ani-
! ruals does quite a trade in chameleons.
over the range. Usually there is a crowd These quaint little creatures are affected
at the little frontier postoffice to wish him , P bv People both in aud out of the
good luck. Only men of known strength i 4Uu- The cost of a chameleou is from two
and courage can do ihii work, for twenty- 1 to five dollars, according to the season of
live pounds of letters, papers and packages the year. They are brought from Mexico,
i pounds of letters, papers and packages
become very heavy and burdensome iu
climbing the mountains.
These carriers know the peaks, passes
and trails as well as the city carriers do
the streets and numbers of their districts.
But sometimes the storms are so sever
that even the old mountaiueer grows weak
with his heavy burden, and sinks almost
ana me location iroru which they are
taken is kept a strict secret. The cha
meleon apparently feeds on air, as they are
known to exist for months without taking
food or water. The tame ones, however,
will eagerly take a fly or small insect from
the hand of t heir owuers.
Those people who affect chameleons as
pets keep the little creatures in a Ix.x, the
exhausted iu the obscure trail. With a bottom of which is divided into differently
compass in his hand, he carefully feels his
way along the precipices and dangerous
places, and often the storm is so severe
and blinding that he is compelled to find
shelter under tome friendly cleft or dig
for himself a bed in the snow banks. If
no fuel be handy he must keep awake all
night for sleep would mean a rest from
which he would not awaken.
Although their great overcoats and cloth
ing may look rough, yet their underwear
would please the fancy of the aesthetic.
The mast of them have silk underwear,
costing from twenty to forty dollars a suit.
Under the rough looking gloves are hand
some silk ones. The silk keeps the cold
out and retains the heat, and, if hard up, a
mountain mail carrier will buy cheap outer
clothing to save money for a handsome
and warm suit of silk underwear and
gloves. On reaching tbe summit of the
mountains the carrier shoulders the pole,
and, placing tbe snowshoes close together,
begins his descent.
The old t imers on the trails will go down
the mountains with the swiftness of the
wind, a mile a minute, but woe to tbe one
who is inexperienced, for out slips the
guiding pole, up come snowshoes, and the
unfortunate carrier, mail sack and all, goes
rolling down the mountain. Sometimes
colored squares. When the chameleon
moves from one portion of the box to the
other he changes his color in conformity
with the squares on which he is resting.
Hence as a show pet be is interesting aud
valuable. New York News,
I'nequal to City Wonders.
An up town family wanted a servant re
cently and wrote to a Connecticut acquaint
ance requesting him to pay them a visit
and to bring along an honest country girl
to do service, Au eighteen-year-old girl
was forthwith engaged, who gave promise
of filling tbe bill, but who had never been
out of her native town. She was therefore
a little timid when she made her maiden
trip on the "steam cars." Her impressions
of the different phases of life, incident to
railroad travel served to entertain the gen
tleman and his wife. At the Grand Cen
tral depot the hustle and bustle made her
stare in undisguised wonder, and when
the long line of cabs were sighted she
ejaculated, "Gosh! there must be a funeral
A trip through Macy's again aroused her
wonder, and brought forth tbe declaration
that it was "Just like Daubury on Satur
day night!" Metropolitan life proved too
lively for the unsophisticated maid, and
the ice and snow are as hard and smooth as duration she was shipped back to the Nut
glass. The earners of the Rocky mount- mrtr state, and th urr.nt ri ri.io
ains are as expert and agile as the chamois
hunters of the Alps, and the man who can
not keep his equilibrium, rushing with
lightning speed down the mountain side,
is hardly worth a position under Uncle
Sam for this work in mid-continent.
The perilous trip brings him to some lit
tle mining camp nestled in the mountains.
What a joyful greeting he receives! There
sua unsolved in
that household. New
Too Much "Bawl."
Twenty years ago the energetic Professor
Schwarz was conducting a musical socielv
in a New Jersey city. They were studying
Mendelssohn's "Elijah," and had reached
t I, ltd. .... 1? .. 1 . ' . 1 .
are people there from the east, far wy GodT
New England land the aunny south. Some- The men's voices were booming out
" "Ia i 3 . v sonorously, when tbe conductor cried out:
ranee, and alreadv the
have been searching for him, fearing that
he had been lost or swept away by the ter
rible snowslide. Where is the postoffice?
In the corner of the little store or rude ho
tel. The villagers collect, and all are eacer
No! Nol de dreadful vowel! Don't say
'B-a-l-e,' soften a leetle give de more mu
sical sound, Bui."'
Whereupon the chorus took up the strain
( again, "Hear us Bawl hear us Bawl," but
tuey quicaiy reanzea tne peculiar htness of
t """" " fcur the sentiment aud broke down in laugh-
ect; led ts sxow two tears.
Swan Nilson, the Swede mail carrier of
the San Juan, was lost in a snow slide
Dec 23, 1SG3, and was not found for nearly
two years. His route was from Silvertou
to Ophir. Only the bravest would attempt
the trip through a storm. Nilson was
warned against making the attempt. A
terrible storm was raging between Silver
ton and Ophir, and those who had been
longest in the Rocky mountains told him
he could not reach Ophir in that mountain
tempest. But Nilson would not listen to
their warnings, and even if it were peril
ous be must go.
It was two days before Christmas, and
his mail pouch was larger and fuller than
usual. He spoke of the old Christmas
time iu far off Sweden, and how people of
every clime loved to celebrate it. He knew
ter, to the great amazement of the little
German, who never saw tbe joke, but who
reluctantly consented to the old pronun
ciation. Youth's Companion.
How aa Old Custom Originated.
During Anglo-Saxon times, when fight
ing at banquets was common, it was cc
tomary for the one who rose to drink from
the great cup, which pa&ed from hand to
hand, to ask some one to become his
"pledge," that he should not be stabbed
while both hands were raised. The
"pledge" rose, often with sword drawn,
and stood by tbe side of the drinker to pro
tect him from treachery. St. Louis Globe-Democrat.
That the Indians made sugar from times
j unknown is proved by their language, fes-
! ,;-l x,l ,3 . . : . c i i -
his mail pouch contained Christmas pres- i early times, telling of their visits to the
ents from the east, and t he people of Ophir Indians, mention maple sugar, and one of
ouiu eageriy iook ior nis coming, "it them, iu 175G, describes the Indians'
will not be Christmas at Ophir," said the
carrier "unless I get there with this
At Ophir the miners of the camp were
waiting and longing for the appearance of
the faithful letter carrier. Christmas eve
came, but still Swau Nilson had not been
espied on the mountain trails, where many
au anxious eye had been turned.
And thus, while those at Silverton were
anxious, tbe miners at Ophir were Incom
ing apprehensive at tbe delay. Christmas
came and went, and still nothing of the
mail carrier. Searching parties went out
on the trails, but there was nothing to be
seen or heard of tbe lost carrier. During
the summer the search was continued by
one or two friends, but still there was
nothing learned of the fate of Swan.
Another year rolled round, and during
tbe summer another search was made, and
on Aug. 13, lSb3, at the bottom of a snow
bank, the picks and shovels of the search
ing party uncovered the body of Swan Nil
son, and still strapped to his back was the
old pouch with Ophir Christmas mail. The
method of preparing it. The gathering of
ap and making of sugar formed one of
.heir annual religious ceremonies.
In the Midst or Lire.
Citizen I hear Mr. Officeholder is dead.
Statesman Yes. He died five minutes
Citizen I dislike to show any unseemly
haste, tut I desire to put in my application
for appointment as his successor.
Statesman Walk into the other room
nnd take your place in tbe line. New Y'ork
The length of the term of the Canadian
parliament is five years. That is, the house
of commons is choseu for that length of
time, but it may be, and often is, dissolved
earlier. The senate, which is the smaller
and upper branch of parliament, is com
posed of members who are nominated for
life by tbe governor general of the Domin
ion. Wanted A eirl at 1409 Second avenue.
Highest of all in Leavening Power. TJ. S. Gov't Report, Aug. 17, 1889.
J. B. ZIMMEE,
-THE WELL KNOWN-
Stas Block, Oppobite Habpkb House.
has pnrcbaied for the
Spring and Summer of 1891,
A larger and finer stock than ever. These goods will arrive in a few day s. Waitand
H. SIEMON & SON,
toves and "Tinware.
IFTTIMIIFS, NAILS, &G,
Baxter Banner Cooking and Heating Stoves and the Oeneseo Cooking Stovti
Tin, Copper and Sheet Iron Work.
1508 8ECONP AVE., ROCK ISLAND, ILL
HAVE YOU SEEN THE
Calf Goodyear Welt Shoes?
The beet Meu' fine shoe in tbe city for the price.
STABY, BERGER & SNELL,
Second and Harrison 8ta
X. IM1. CHRISTY,
Steam Cracker Bakery,
ABUraCTDEKS 07 CKACKRS AHD BIBCTTTTfl.
Abk your Grocer for them. They are beet
UT8peclaltli The Carifty "OTSTW and the Chrlaty "WATIl"
ROCK ISLAND, ILL
SEIVERS & ANDERSON,
Contractors and. Builders
ALL KIND 8 07 OABPKNTKB WORK DONJ.
General Jobbing doae on abort notice and satisfaction fnannteed.
Office and Shop MIS Fourth Avenue. ROCK ISLAND ILL
Agency for Excelsior Roofing Companj,
Cheater thaw Shingles. T. H. ELLIS, Rock Island. E-
Send for circular. Telephone 1038. . Cor. Fourteenth St and Si cooi A"
GEORGE SCHAFER, Proprietor.
1801 Second Avenue. Corner of sixteetthStree - Opposite Harper's Tiivre.
The choicest Wines, Liquors. Beer and Cigars always on Har:
Free Lunch rery Day .... Sandwiche Fureif bed on Stort 'o
B. F. DeGEAR,
Contractor eind Builder.
Office and Shop Corner 8eventn.h 8t T 1 TJnf
and Seventh Avenue. : K.OCK ISlaJlL
rV klrf e of carpenter work a 8; ecialty . Plana and estimates for all kiads of 'JMs
irsietjBj an application.
ST. JAMES HOTEL,
Corner Twenty-third street and Fourth acne. ... . KOCS ISLAND . !
J. T. RYAN, Proprietor.
Thi. house has just been refitted thronghout and is now in A Vo. 1 coaditton. I: !- '
ll.W per day house and a desirable family hotel.
Manufacturer of all kinds of
BOOTS AND SHOES-
Gents' Fine Shoee aepeciaity. Repairing done neatly andpromptly.
,bre of 7nr patronaga respectfully aollcited. .,,
1618 Second Avenue, Roak Is. as11
Proprietor of the Brady Street
kInd f Cut Flower constantly on hand.
One block north of Central Park, the largest In Ia. FJM Brady Street, Davtr.n. Ic
CONTRACTOR AND BUILDER,
Bhop corner Twenty-second atreet and Ninth avenue. Kesidence 2D85
tVTs prepared to make estimate and do aU kinds of Carpenter work. Give him s trial-