Newspaper Page Text
TEE AKGUtt. THURSDAY, MAY 28 1801.
Pabliahed Daily ard Weekly at 1621 Second Av
enue, Bock Ifland, 111.
J. W. Potter.
Tanas Daily, 50c per month; Weekly, 13.00
All communication of a critical or arjrumenta
tlve character, political or religion, moat haTe
real nam attached for publication. So inch arti
Uclea will be printed orer fictitious signature -nonymoua
communication not noticed.
Correspondence solicited from every township
In Hock 1 eland county.
Thcbsdat, Mat 28. 1891.
Blaink'b illness can be accounted for
only on the theory that be bad partaken
too freely of Russell B.
Philadelphia's million dollar republic
can ex-treasurer is too sick to tell what
he did with the money. Perhaps be has
Are the Vanderbills, the Astors and
the "Bonanza" Mackays to staud this?
A South American lady recently wore
11,600,000 worth of diamonds at one of
Carnot's reception ia Paris.
The senatorial apportionment bill as
prepared by the house commute, and
which will undoubtedly pass the lower
branch of the legislature, leaves the
Twenty-first district the same as at pres
entRock Island and Henry counties.
The republican congressional reap
portionment bill was intrcduced in the
senate yesterday by Senator Matthews.
It provides for 23 districts, the first e'x
being confined to Cook county. The
districts numbered from 10 to 20 remain
unchanged except that they are advanced
numerically two, which, admits of thex
Ira two districts 'n Cook county Tne
bill designates the Rock Island district
as No. 13. The house bill has not vet
been reported, but it will differ materially
from the senate bill, and it is hardly
probable that any legislation of this
character will be enacted at this session .
Sexator Carlisle ia of opinion that the
new party will not injure the democracy,
that it will have tickets in many states
next election, but that from change of
situation it will present no national
ticket for '92. or. if it dies, the oily ef
fect it will have will be the more certain
defeat of the republicans. Commenting
on the expressed opinion of the new party
that the republican party had about
reached its grave, Mr. Carlisle said th at
that several republican senators had re
cently expressed to him the same opinio n
St. Locis Republic: Just as the re
publicans were about to c'.ose their grip
on little Delaware it is broken by the
McEinley bill and a big peach crop. The
Delaware peach crop promises to be
phenomenal' this year, and Delaware is
already stocking up with tin-plate to can
it, 100.000 boxea having been imported
through Baltimore in the last few days
for the Delaware and Maryland crops.
The heavy increass in .'price due to the
McEinley bill will have to be paid on up
waids of 1,500,000 boxes of plate im
ported through Baltimore, and before the
tax money can be got out of the con
sumers it must be advanced by the tan
ners and CJower. The increase strikes
the canning industry of the Delaware and
Maryland fruit districts bard, and they
are so dissatisfied that Mr. Nit dries
haus ought to send them a campaiga tio
cup to soothe them.
A newspaper can f av nice and plea s -ant
things about a man and his whole
family for many Ion: years, and then in
cur their life long enmity in one short
week by a seeming slight. Yes, it's the
fact; and J on can hurrah for a candidate,
back his friends, cuss his enemies ac i
make a fool out of yourself all the way
through, without a thank in the ead, to
find then when you are a cnilklite that
he is "out of politics." But there is one
man who don': forget you. and that's Uie
man you opposed.
The above is a fugitive paragraph go
ing the rounds simply credited to an "ex
change," but the writer of it had a level
head. One does not hive to interest
himself in politics or journalism very long
before he learns that this is characteris
tic of human nature, and acquiesce in the
proyerb which the Muscatine Journal
cites, that "benefit are written in sand,
while injuries, imaginary as well as re.I,
are engraven on stone."
It is announced from Pittsburg by
Mme. Janauscek'a manager that the vet
eran actress is now playing her farewell
engagement on any stage. She is in ber
65lh year and has been before the public
nearly 50 years. Of late seasons ler
Stealth is said to h&vebecome impaired to
such an extent as to render a long rest
necessary. This queen of tragedy is a
Bohemian, born at Prague on July 20,
1S20. She made ber first appearance in
Frankfort, in the year 1849, aslphigenia.
Subsequent appearances in Dresden and
otber cities of Germany raised ber to the
highest rank among German actreeses.
She was received in a distinguished man
ner in Russia, where, in'Moscow, she per
formed befcre the emperor, Alexander II.,
who made her a gift of diamond. Prev
ious to the year 1871. she played in Ger
man, but that year undertook to perform
in the Eoglifcb language. Perhaps no
actress appearing in the United States
has commanded a more intellectual and
appreciative audience than Janauschck.
She is married and Is known in private
life as Mrs. Frederick Pillot.
OUR FIELDS 01 EXPORT.
PRE-EMINENCE OF ENGLAND AND TH E
Oar "Favorable Balance or Trade" with
Knglautl Where the Farmer Need Rec
iprocity In Europe Bather Than South
America How to bell 31 ore In Eorop.;.
If the theory of the protectionists re
true that it ia most profitable to trade
with a country which buys a great detl
from us while it sella us comparatively
little, then they ought to encouraga
trade with England asthemostdesirablj
of all trade in the world for us. If ther j
is anything in this notion England ought
to be the country to hold the highes:
place in the esteem of our reciprocity
In 1SSS England bought from us $188,
000,000 worth of goods over and above
what we bought in that country. In.
1889 this "balance of trade in our favor"
reached $254,000,000, and in 1S90 it rose
to $258,000,000. These figures are for
England, Scotland and Ireland only.
Yet it is England, above all other coun
tries, at which American protectionists
aim their hostile legislation. It is En
glish mills that they rejoice most keenly
in closing up, and English workmen that
they like best to hear of as being thrown
out of employment by the McEinley law.
When one sws how the protectionists are
moving heaven and earth to develop
trade with South America, where the
balance of trade is so heavily against us,
one would think they wouid view with
infinite satisfaction a trade with so large
a "balance in our faver," as is th case
with onr English tra4e. One woul 1 think
that they would study ways and means
for increasing our sales to an even great
er figure in a market which has saown
itself poreadr tojjgj- qf U5, do not
monopolize the English market for . the
products which our farmers have to sell.
England draws large supplies of "wheat,
for example, from Russia. India, the Ar
gentine Republic and Chili, but it stands
ready to increase the amount taken from
us just so soon as we are willing to in
crease the demand by admitting English
goods jAt lower duties.
As Uie protectionists are so deeply con
cerned about a market in which to sell
our products, they should not overlook
the fact that the increase of that market
has been far greater ia Europe than in
so called "Latin America." During the
past thirty years our exports to Mexico,
Central America and the West Indies
have iucreased 132 per cent.; to South
America, 1C4 per cent., and to Europe,
181 per cent It is therefore on lines
running east and west, not north and
south, that our export trade has devel
oped most rapidly.
The reason for this is not far to seek.
Our principal exports are field and farm
products. During the past ten years our
agricultural exports have been from four
to eight times greater than our exports
of manufactures. In 1S80 the propor
tion was even greater, $685,000,000 of
farm products to $79,000,000 of manu
factures, or nearly nine to one in favor
of farm products.
Now, these southern countries, where
Blaine is trying to find "a market for
another bushel of wheat and another
barrel of pork," are themselves agricult
ural countries. Chili and the Argen
tine Republic both export wheat to Eng
land, the latter country as much as
8,700.000 bushels in 1838. Both of these
countries are much nearer Brazil than
we are, and we can hardly expect to sup
ply the latter country with any great
quantity of wheat and flour in competi
tion with near by rivals, which are also
able to export wheat to Liverpool.
The truth is that reciprocity with
South American countries received its
great "boom" as a measure to benefit our
manufacturers rather than our farmers.
While it was put forward as a means to
get a "market for another bushel of
wheat and another barrel of pork," it is
necessarily the manufacturers who will
gain most from reciprocity with the
agricultural countries of the south.
Jnt uow the prices of corn, wheat
and Hour, and of beef and pork are much
higher than usual. So far as these higher
prices are the result of a foreign demand,
the published market reports show that
such demand cornea from Europe, not
from South America cr any other coun
try. It is seen that the wheat crop in
Europe will be unusually short this sum
mer, and already this fact is beginning
to tell on prices in the United States.
This simply refk-cts the fact that of onr
total of $4--.000.009 of exports in 1S00
more than $700,000,000 went to Europe.
England alone (including Scotland and
Ireland) takes more than half of all our
The problem of increasing our exports
of farm products to Euroj is not a diffi
cult one. Tiie fref-r admission of Euro
pean manufactured goods would solve
the problem in a short time. That which
we take from Europe must le paid for,
and there is nothing which Europe is so
willing to take in exchange as wheat,
flour, corn, meat products, etc. Ships
which come to us with the manufactures
of Euroje must have a return cargo,
and a cargo both ways means cheap
transportation. As it is, when our mer
chants charter English ships to take
American goods to foreign ports, as they
often do, these ships have frequently to
sail in ballast all the way across the At
lantic, and then the outgoing cargo of
American goods has to pay freights to
these ships for crossing the ocean twice.
This disadvantage would at once be re
moved if the McEinley wall were torn
down. Foreign vessels would come to
our shores laden with what our people
want, and would take away in payment
the things which we do not need. That
is the method of foreign trade always.
One of the worst things about the
tariff tax is the expense of collecting it.
The monthly receipts at the Philadel
phia custom . house are reported by a
paper of that city to be about $570,000,
and the monthly expense of collecting
about $100,000. The total expense of
collecting the tariff tax is between five
and six million dollars a year. Is there
not some cheaper method of taxation?
SLEEP AND DEATH.
When sleep drops down beside my Love and me.
Although she wears the countenance of a
A jealous foe we prove her in the end.
Ia separate barks far oat oa dreamland's tea
the lures our wedded souls. Wild winds blow
And drift us wide apart by tides that tend
Tow Yd unknown worlds. Not once out
strange ways blend
Through the lung night, while sleep looks on in
O Death! be kinder than thy sister seems.
When at thy call we journey forth some day.
Though that mysterious and unallased
To lands more distant than the land of dreams.
Close, close together let our spirits stay.
Or else with one swift stroke annihilate!
Eiia Wheeler Wilcox.
A Soldier's II rave Piece of Work.
"There goes the bravest man in the
United States army. At least I saw him
do as brave a deed as any that ever was
done," said Captain Mack, in Amailen's
bank, as he looked out on the street at a
man going by.
"There were a good many brave deeds
done in the army. Who is your mun, and
what did he do?"
"He is Tom Gilbert, and was a private in
my company. Two men were packing am
munition in a wagon at Baton Rouge, and
some powder exploded in the wagon and
killed one of them. The wagon contained
thirty-two twenty pound shells loaded with
powder. The shells were packed points
down, and the orifice in the rear end ol
eath one was filled with oakum, which is
to be pulled out and replaced by a fuse
when put in the gun. The explosion ol
powder set tire to the oakum, and it was
burning toward the powder when Fisliei
saw the situation. He first drew the in
jured man away from the wagon, and
then, finding a pail of water conveniently
near, picked the shells up and dipped the
burning ends in the water. None of them
exploded, or he would not have been here
to go by the window today." RocliesTei
Antiquity of Earrings.
Earrings have been worn from time im
memorial. While excavating the ruins ol
ancient Thebes archeologists brought to
light sculptured remains bearing repre
sentations of these articles. Ancient writ
ers make frequent mention of these dec
orations, and state that, in early days they
were worn by both sexes. From the very
earliest times the male Asiatics wore them.
The Bible tells us that Abraham presented
his son's wife with a pair of earrings, and
historians relate that Alexander the Great,
when he invaded India, found them sus
pended in the ears of the Babylonians.
Among the ancient oriental nations, with
the fcxcepiiou of the Hebrews, men and
women wore them, the latter considering
that they should be reserved for the sole
use of the gentler sox. Homer makes men
tion of this method of adornment in his
descriptions of statues representing several
of the mythological deities, and the great
Juvenal is authority for the statement that
they were worn by ail the males residing
in the Euphrates provinces. Detroit Free
An Old-Time Inntaoce.
A curious example of how modern re
search in bacteriology was foreshadowed
jong ago is furnished in a report ol a re
rent lecture of Professor Pearson. He
quoted a Freuch traveller visiting England
in 1663, who attended a meeting of the
Itoyal Academy on May 23 of that year.
At this meeting it was reported, among
ether things. " that the germination of in
sects does not arise from decay ; for the in
testines of an animal and otber parts which
easily corrupt having been placed in a
glass, closed with cotton wool, so that no
fiy or other animal could enter, but only
t te air could penetrate, tbey had been pre
served for six months without maggot or
o.her thing being observed." This is al
most exactly the experiment of Pasteur in
the present generation, except that in the
letter experiment not only were insects
and "other animals " excluded, but also
tl e microscopic vegetal germs, which were
u terly unknown to the earlier experi
Cm Herself Away.
A party of Hartford young ladies, visiting
ox e summer at a back country town, found
great difficulty in getting their mail. The
tr tin would arrive and the letter bag reach
the office, but then there was a long delay.
Tl.ey laid it to the postmistress reading the
postal cards, which they insisted she did at
ea:h mail. By and by one of the girls came
ba :k to Hartford and then she wrote her
friends a postal, saying at the end, "I hope
Miss (the iKstmistres will not take
all the afternoon to read this postal card."
The friends were promptly at the postoflice
and the mail came slowly, as usual, Imt
when at last the postmistress laid down
t hi-t postal she said, with a snap in her eye,
"I hope, when you write, you'll tell Miss
she's Bn impudent hussy." Hartford
The Mustache I ptield.
A groom's right to wear a mustache has
lieea tried in England, with the court's de-
cLsi in in his favor. When Mrs. Griuishaw's '
groim was engaged be was smooth shaven,
but after a cold he grew a mustache by his
doc or's advice, whereupon Mrs. Grimshaw
ord'.-red him to shave or go without notice.
The judge held that the demand was un
reasonable. If he had been a house servant,
wearing powder and white silk stockings,
he night have leen required to shave, but
a g-oom was an outdoor servant, and a
mustache was a natural nrotection ncrninsr.
the .veather. The plaintiff got twenty-live '
dollars damages. Boston Transcript. j
TLe application of the microscope to ma
chin-; shop practice for the purpose of
proving whether surfaces are true is pro
noutced by experts as being the best
method for obtaining accuracy thus far
Th-s use of electric cranes is growing
rapicly since it has been found that they
are comparatively economical, easy to han
dle a id are ready for work at a moment's
Highest of all in Leavening Power.
The Judge Laughed Lat and Bat
A lull iu the conversation gave the man
from Kentucky Lis opportunity. "Talk
ing about the law's delay," he began,
knocking the ashes from his cigar, which
hail gone out while the colonel was telling
one of his Indian stories, "we've got a judge
down in Louisville who won't let the
lawyers fool with him. Xot long ago a
young attorney was out with the boys
pretty much the whole of the night pre
vious to the day set for the trial of one of
his clients. The accused man was a negro
known as 'Black Satan,' who was charged
with burglary and larceny. When the
lawyer was awakened at 9 o'clock, an hour
before court jpened, he felt little like try
ing a case, but he managed to dress and
appear in court.
"The judge called the case of the negro,
and the lawyer made every effort to get an
adjournment. He was not ready for trial,
but as he had no valid excuse, the judge
insisted that 'Black Satan' be arraigned at
"Then the lawyer played his trump card.
He peremptorily challenged twenty of the
venire of jurymen, thus leaving only four
of them. He had a legal right to do this,
but the judge naturally was considerably
put out. His honor, however, held the
"I direct the sheriff to have a venire of
fifty jurors here at o'clock tonight,' he
said; "we will try this case then.'
"'But, your honor' pleaded the lawyer.
'"That's enough,' was the answer. The
case was tried that night, but the negro
was not half defended. His lawyer's nerves
were all shattered by the loss of sleep, and
at 9:30 o'clock the case was in the jury's
hands. The lawyer was awakened from
his sleep in his chair at midnight to lie told
that his client had tieen convicted of one
charge. The jury disagreed on the other.
Since that time that judge has ma been
troubled much by lawyers who neglect
their Client's interests " New York Trib
A Story of Meissonler.
Meissonier once got acquainted with a
Parisian grandee, very wealthy, very fond
of posing as an art patron, but slightly
penurious. One day Meissonier, breakfast
ing with the graudee, was struck by the
beauty of the texture of the tablecloth.
"One could draw upon it," he remarked;
and, suiting the action to the wordhe pro
duced a pencil and made on the smooth,
snowy nap a wonderfully able sketch of
a man's head. The particular tablecloth in
question never went to the wash. The
"economical swell" had the head carefully
cut out of the damask, and hastened tc
frame and glaze his prize. A few weeks
afterward Meissonier again breakfasted
with his patron, and found by the side ol
his plate, at the corner of the table assignee!
to him, a neat little sheaf of crayons and
holders, with a penknife and some India
While the guests at the conclusion of the
repast were enjoying their coffee and cigar
ettes, the host saw with delight, "from the
corner of his eye." that Meissonier was
hard at work on the tablecloth this time
with a superb little full length of a medi
eval halberdjer. The party broke up, the
guests departed, and the "economical
swell" rushed Iwck to the dining room to
secure his treasure, but alas! the painter
had for once shown himself as economical
as his patron. He had made disastrously
good use of his pen knife, and one corner
of the tablecloth was goue, halberdier and
all! New York Commercial Advertiser.
Three Women In a Horse Car.
There was but one vacant seat in the
car. Two men, an old, gray haired lady,
who was lame in one leg, and a black
haired, black eyed and extremely pert
looking miss of fourteen, perhaps, got in
at a street corner. The men stood up. The
old lady saw the vacant seat and moved
slowly toward it. The miss, who was just
behind her, also saw the seat. She moved
rapidly toward it. She plowed past the
old lady aud capt ured the seat. She dropped
into it and looked around triumphantly.
A sweet faced young woman, handsome
ly dressed and with big and sympathetic
eyes, was plainly displeased at the girl's
pre-emption of the seat. She rose quickly
and gave her -at to the lady. Then she
said indignantly to the miss, "You xjught
to be a-hauied of yourself!''
"How much do you get," replied the pert
one, with a toss of her head, "for mindin'
other folks' business?"
Before the young woman could answer
the old lady spoke. "She gets in this
case," she said, "the thanks of a very tired
A bunch of violets was pinned to the
young woman's muff. When she left the
car a few moments later the flowers lay iu
the old lady's lap. New York Times.
No ISlurk Ink.
That is a queer phrase that we often hear
"As black as ink." As if ink were ever
particularly black! Perhaps the phrase
originated when the art of making jet
black ink was n-t. yet lost, and when
Shakespeare made Han, let taik a!out his
"inky cloak."' hi; uudoubtetlly meant a
perfectly black one. The Listener had
some jet black inks offered hirn, but every
one of them was either merely gray on the
paier or else tinged with purple, and the
purple tinged inks had a tendency to
thicken and clog on the pen or else rub
from the paper. Not long ago the Listener
bought a bottle of ink which was made by
a reputable house and "warranted to write
jet black on ihe instant." It turned out
to be a miserable pale stuff. Perhaps its
proprietor, by dint of representing it to be
jet black, has come really to believe that it
is jet black. Perhaps it is more charitable
to suppose that he is color blind. An hon
est, clear and freely writing black ink is
t he great wiM-o'-t he-wisp of t he Nineteenth
century. Boston Transcript.
The Ever Heady Club.
Policeman This man is an impostor, sir.
lie pretended to be lame and was getting
alms from the public.
Justice But, officer, the man is lame.
His limp is too real to be assumed.
Policeman It is now, your honor. I bit
bim a clip that's gave him something to
limp for. Puck.
U. S. -Gov't Report, Aug. 17, 18S9.
L B. ZIMMER,
-THE WELL KNOWN-
Star Block, Opposite Haf.pek House.
has purchased for the
Spring and Summer of 1891,
A largtrand Bner stock thin evr. These rood will arrive In a few days. Wait an.ife th a
H. SIEMON & SON,
ioves and TiM?,
IF'TTIMIIF'S, nTILS, &C,
Baxter Banner Cooking and Heating Stoves and the Geneseo Cooking Stoves
Tin, Copper and Sheet Iron Work.
IfiQS y,POVD VTV. HOCK ISLAND, ILL.
Calf Goodyear Welt Shoes?
The beet Mot's fine shoe la the city for the
8eDnd and Harrison Sis.
CT. HUE. CHRISTY,
Steam Cracker Bakery,
MAHTJJACTtrRlH or CBACIXfif AHD BISCTJIT1.
Ask your Grocer for them. They are best.
V8pelltlMt The Christy "OTITIS" and the Christy "WATIB."
ROCK ISLAND. ILL.
ALL KINDS OF OAK
EaVOeacral JobMsf doa oa abort notle
Office and Shop 1418 Fourth Avenue,
Successor to Adamson & Hoick,
Shop Nineteenth St., bet.
General Jobbing and Repairing promptly done.
J8econd Hand Machinery bought, sold and repaired.
Agency for Excelsior Roofing Company.
Cheater than Shingles.
goad for ciicnlar. Telephone
Opera House Saloon
GEORGE SCHAFER, Proprietor.
1601 Second Avenue. Corner of Sixteenth Stree - Opposite Harper'a TheaJrc.
Ths choicest Wines, Liquors, Beer and Cigars always on Hand
Tree T,Tinrh Every Pav
Office and Shop Corner Seventeenth St.
and Seventh Avenue,
"All klxtt of carpenter work a specialty.
ST. JAMES HOTEL,
Corner Twenty-third street and Fourth avenue.
J. T. RYAN, Proprietor.
This house has jnat oeen refitted throughout and is now la A So. 1 condition. It is a first-cla?
tl.00 per day hone and a desirable family botel.
Manufacturer of all kinds of
BOOTS AND SHOES
Geate' Fine Shoes a specialty. Repairing done neatly and promptly .
A ahare of y onr patronage respectfully solicited.
1618 8ccond Avenue. Rok Island. Fl.
CONTRACTOR AND BUILDER
Shop corner Twenty-second street and Ninth avenue. Residence 2935
CaVIs prepared to make estimates and do all kinds of Carpenter work. GiTe'bim a trial.
STABY, BEEGER & SNELL,
PESTER WORK DONE. ;
and astlx faction fnarantoed.
ROCK ISLAND ILL
Rock Island, 111.
First and Second Aveiiue,
T. II. ELLIS, Rock Island. III.
1036. Cor. Fourteenth St and Second Ave
Sucdwiehe Famished on Sort Nrt '-e
: : Rock Island.
Plana and etlmtt for all kinds of bnildlnw
F.OCK ISLAND. IU-