Newspaper Page Text
THE ARGUa THURSDAY, J ULY 2, 1801.
The New Form of Public Debt
IXFLAUATION BY THE SECRETARY.
r.,poiu;e i professor of rueteorol.niy; Pro-
n-sMr 11. A. llawn, of Connecticut,
Thomas Uuall. of Miehiran, ami C. F.
Maruin, of Ohio, meteorologists; K. L.
liuwtx-e, RuperinteadMit of -telegraph lfties;
J. J. Kobinaon, chief telegraph operator.
STATISTICS OF IMMIGRATION.
The Ol.l Form Said to Have Been Mia
lending a to the Condition of the Na
tlonnl Debt Whnt the New Form
Show for Jane last Year's Income
and Ontgo Immigration Statistic for
Serenty Years A Total of 1.1,64 1,)H8
ArrlraU In That Period Official Note.
Washington, July 2. The monthly pub
lic debt atatenient was issued yesterday in
an entirely new form. It combines loth
the secretary's statement of the public
debt and the United States treasurer'
statement of assets and liabilities, hereto
fore issued separately. Comparison with
the last monthly statement and the state
ment issued July 1, 1 ."!, shows ait increase
in the public debt during the past month
of about $5,00i I.OOO, and a net reduction
during the past fiscal year of iei.(KiO.ii).
The surplus in the treasury in the new
form is placed at $."3, ytt.S'S, about
$5,(Xn,fl00 less than a month aic. with no
change in the iuterest-bearinK debt of the
government during the past month. The
bonded debt is ?610,5-,1M, mmle up in
round numbers of $.V7)KNi,uiX) 4's and ,
500,000 4 per cent. bond.
Explanation of the New Form.
Secretary Foster last evening gave out
the following statement explanatory of
the changed form of statement, and the
daily statement of cash in the treasury,
which will hereafter be issued: Hereto
fore the manner and make-up of the
monthly statement required the showing
of an increase or decrease in the public
debt. Under this form it has happened
on several occasions that when large pur
chases of bonds were made the statement
following would show aa increase of the
public debt when a reduction had rrally
been effected. This wits ow ing to the fact
that the principal and premium paid for
bonds reduced the cash on hand beyond
the amount of bonds actually redodnjpj.
Ieht and Cash statements Separate,
The secretary has concluded after rov.ch
thought on the subject to separate the
statement of the debt from the statement
of the cash in He treasury. Hcro.iffer ihe
Kfcteruent of the cash on hand will show
the net increase or decrease from month
to month and this statement will be a part
of the form now adopted. In making up
the new statement 6? tlifi cash in the treas
ury the figures will plainly show the dif
ferent kinds of money included a the to
tal. Against this total wH be stated tie
cnh liabilities. This part of the
fl.JUl4iLklU!iLl!:1S of the assets am,
riaUtiT? iternL lxzZ&4r;&l$ Vy
the treasTSre?. iHTtTElcT Jebt statements
the accrued interest and interest dne and
unpaid have appeared as current liabili
VThy They Are Eliminated.
These items have been eliminated. ' The
secretary ho'ds that if accrued interest
may Iks charged as a liability against cash,
then with eq m! propriety accrued salaries
can be so charged, or in like manner the
accrued liabi ity for the construction of
public buildings, or for the improvement
of riven- and harbors. The matured debt
item is made up of the remnant of bonds
and other forms of Indebtedness remain
ing napaid from the foundation of the
government. It is assumed that less
than 35 per cent, of these will ever be pre
sented for payment. They are now as
heretofore carried on the debt statement,
but not as a liability against cash.
Four Items of Liability.
The secretary also calls attention to four
items of liability against the cash in the
treasury amounting to $51,00n,ni0, com
posed: First, of the 5 per cent, fund held
for the redemption of uncurrent national
bank notes, which sum can only be re
duced by the retirement of national bank
circulation. The secretary thinks this
amount ought by law to be covered into
the treasury, as was done recently with
the fund for the redemption of failed
and retired national banks. The proba
bility is that this sum will lie increased
during the coming year, instead of beiLg
reduced. Second, the item of outstand
ing checks acd drafts, which rarely ever
falls below t5,(WMj,00o. Third, dis
bursing officers' balances, now amount
ing to about fM,i).m). This niouty
is in the treasury and in the government
depositories to the credit of disbursing of
ficers, and seldom falls lielow the present
amount. Fourth, agency accounts made
np mainly of postal revenues and subject
to the draft of the postmaster general.
This, too, rarely falls below .",0tKl,i).
These four items, he says, if held by a
bank, could be safely loaned up to nirie
tentlisof the total sum. The secretary
will not hereafter deduct from his cash
balance the amount on deposit in national
banks, nor the fractional silver coin on
hand. He thinks there is no good reason
why this should ever have been done.
RECEIPTS AND EXPENDITURES.
A Falling OfiTof Income of About S1.500,
OOO for the Fast Year.
Government receipts from all sources
during the past year aggregated
1401, 530,716. or about tl ,500,000 less than
daring the preceding year. Customs re
ceipts were fci 19,500, bS, or about $10,000.
000 less than during the preceding year;
internal revenue receipts were $14r,iMy,
281, an increase over the preceding year of
$u,'jr0100i), and receipts from miscellaneous
sources were nearly $5,000,000, about
, $5,000,000 greater than the preceding year.
On the other hand expenditures during
the fiscal year just closed were f388,00i,
Ktt, against $3147040,710 during the p retted
lag year. Seventeen millions and a half
of this increase is found in the pension
charge of $1SH, 415,110 for the pant year. -
t Other Increases In Expenses.
eCivil and miscellaneous expenditures
during the year amounted to $110,139,X9,
n increase over the preceding year of
(early $30,000,080. Indian expenses were
W.MH.ISS, or nearly $2,000,000 more than
during the preceding year. Nary ex
penses were $2i;,U0,(W8, or $4,000,000 more
t han the preceding year, and war depart
ment expenditures were $48,723,110, or
$l.'jr0,000 greater than in the preceding
year. Thirty-seven millions one hundred
and twenf j-Ht ven thousand two hundred
and one dollars were paid out during the
year for interest on the public debt, and
$10,40l,.'0 in premiums on $114,000,000
bonds purchased and redeemed during the
Appointed to the Weather Bureau.
' Washington, July 2. Secretary Husk
lias made the following appointments in
the weather bureau: Cleveland Abbe, re-
Fifteen and a Half Millions from the Old
World in Seventy Years.
Washington", July 2. The immigration
into the United States from 1SS) to 1S90 is
the subject of a special report which hae
been prepared by Major Brock, the chiei
of the bureau of statistics of thereasury
department, and will soon be published.
No official record was made of the influx
of fortign population to this country be
.fore 1&J0, but the immigration from the
close of the Revolutionary war to that
time is estimated at 25,Ooa The arrivals
of immigrants from l&Sl to 1S' havt
Nationality of the Arrivals.
The proportion of arrivals from Kurope
has increased from 0S.S.) per cent, of the
whole immigration in the decade from
lSil to IS), to U1.G7 per cent, in the last de
cade from l!SM to 1s:m The following fig
ures give the arrivals of each nationality
during the entire period from ISiO to 1SU0.
From Germany, 4,551,7111; Ireland, 3,501,
CM; Knglaud, 2,4.10,034; Hritisn North
American possessions, 1,0.?.UM; Norway
and Sweden, 943,330; Austria-Hungary,
4j4,4 ;3: Italy, 414.M3: France, 370,K; Rus
sia and Poland, 3.;.353; Scotland, 329,102;
China, 2,n.'.5Ts; Switzerland, 174.333; Ben
mark, i4',-,'37; all other countries, tjOC.OiW.
Largest Immigration Keported.
The year of the largest immigration yet
reported was that ended June 30,
when the arrivals were 7SS,9yi The ini
niigration from Italy to the United State
was 15,4"tl for the fiscal year ISM, and has
steadily increased until lS'.tO, when it was
52.003, and the present year, ending June
30, 1S!1, when the total for the months
has reached 51,153, as against 34,310 for the
corresponding months of IsSWO. The immi
gration from Hungary, Russia and
i'oland also shows a rapid increase.
During the 1'ast Decade.
Of the arrivals during the ten years
from 11 to 1S00, 3,205.91llor 61.1 percent.,
were males, and 2.04O.70J, or 3s J percent.,
were females. The greatest proportion of
females has come from Ireland. The
smallest percentage of females from Italy
and Hungary. The classification of the
character of the immigration during the
lvst decade shows that only 20.257 males
were ,of the professional classes, 514,552
were -skjjltd laborers, 1,833,325 were of
miscellaneous occupations, 73,327 made no
statement in regard to occupation, and
757,450 were without occupation. Of the
2,040,702 females 1.724. 453 were without oc
cupation. UNCLE JERRY ON AMERICAN HOG.
Less Trichina Fonnd Than AVas Fxpected
Our Pork AVholesoiut
Washington, July 2. Secretary Rusk,
when asked in regard to the results of the
pork inspection at Chicago said that it had
been very satisfactory. The proportion of
animals found affected is less than was ex
pected, and he believes less than exists in
t he hogs of any ot her country. "Our pork,"
L lie continued, ''is the" most wholesome of
any produced in the world, because our
hogs are raised under the best sanitary
conditions. They are not confined to small
Iens and filthy quarters, as in other coun
tries, but they have the run of large fields,
and are fed upon clover and corn.
Not Cned as Scavang-ers.
""Hogs here are not treated as scavengers
and fed upon slops and garbage as they
are m Europe, but, on the contrary, they
are raised as a means of marketing in a
concentrated form the bulky produce of
our farms. Our inspection has demon
strated without question that the pork of
the United States is beyond suspicion,
and the inspected product will be by far
theliest which finds its way to the" Eu
Yalne of Our Mineral Products.
Washington, July 2. The report on
mines and mining has been completed in
the census oOce and shows that the total
value of the mineral products of the
United States at the eleventh census
amounted to $55S,93S,450, the greatest
total ever reported for any country. It
far outstrips the product of Great Britain.
The total number of industrial mining
establishments is given at 30,000. The
number of persons who find employment
in mining industries 512,114, The annuel
wages paid them aggregate 212,409,803.
The capital employed in actual mining
operations amounts to $1,173,000,000.
We Buy Most of Cuban Sugar.
Washington. July 2. Carefully pre
pared statistics of the sugar industry of
Cuba for the last ten years show an aver
age general production and export of about
C..i0,tio tons, about (ti per cent, of which
came to the United States, and the balance
iu very small proportions went to Eng
land, France, and other European coun
tries. First LJcenne to a Sugar Producer.
Washington, July 2. The first license
to a sugar producer under the bounty
clause of the new tariff law was issued
yesterday to Edward H. Cunningham, of
Sugar Land, in the third district of Texas,
His application was made on June 8, and
the license is good for a year
Coinage During June.
Washington, July 2. During the
month of June there were coined by the
United States mints 104,800 gold pieces of
g .ldof the value of $1,817,932: 5 312,440
silver pieces, valued at 3,07,203, and
minor coin valued at $04,839.
lagging Superintendent Appointed.
Washington. July 2. George W. Gang,
of Wisconsin, was yesterday appointed
superintendent of logging on the Menom
inee Indian reuervafion iu Wisconsin.
Decision In the livud Kxtenslon Matter.
Washington, Jury 2. Secretary Fos
ter, it is understood, baa practically de
rided to extnal 4fi Per cent, bonds at
S per cent, intejwpt.
bitver Is fsfcmewbat Bower.
WA8HIJLC nt, Jaly 8. Tlie treasury ly
fartment yeaterday, purchased 570,000
ounces of silver at $1.61 to $1,022 per
Vigilantes vs. White-Caps.
West Medwat, Mass., July 2. A few
days ago White-Cps tarred and feathered
H. N. Pratt, of this place, and four men
are now on trial for the outrage. The
rest of the bind has teen making anony
mous threats, and one attempt lias been
niade to buru the court house. The good
citizens are weary of all this, and a notice
has Ikjcu posted to the White-Caps, read
ing as follows: "Another such case as thnt
of Pratt will entail upon us the necessity
of invoking ihe aid of Judge Lynch.
AN INLAND LAKE.
Peculiar Phenomenon in the
VATEE FLOODING THE SANDY PL AD
A Great Thing for Salt Men If the Inun
dation Subsides, and s Great Thing f 1
the Climate if It Doesn't Tradition ol
the Indians as to Former Floods
Source of the W:iter a Mystery Possl
hillty of a Great Geological Change.
San Francisco, July 2. California has
added another to 1 er long list of marvels.
What was viewed -.vith but a slight, though
wonderful curiosity on Saturday last, has
become one of the most wonderful natural
phenomena record id in modern history.
The lake at Salton, the lowest point of tht
Colorado desert, which began to form
about one week ago, is now a vast body ot
brackish water, thirty miles long by
twelve miles wide, and is fed by a stream
which flows at a speed of four and one
half miles an ho ir. J. H. Gilmonr, a
young Anglo-Indian, who has spent six
months at S.iton experimenting with the
culture of the poppy, retnrned from Salton
Thought There Was Water Out There.
He described his experience as follow?:
"Tuesday of last week I made the remark.
'I am shot if that does not look like water
out there.' It was said in joke and accept
el as such. On the day previous I had
left the marsh at 3 in the afternoon. There
I had seen the same great glistening white
patch to the east and west and south. The
next morning 1 to )k he track velocipede
and went westward and met the Indians
returning. They told me there was water
on the marsh.
And He Was Very Correet.
''I went forwanl. From the southeast
came a strong and steady wave of water,
, bringing on its basom little saucers of
s ilr, which when they grew too heavy sark
to the bottom. The marsh was then throe
inches under water, and the salt was pil
ing up in vavt quantities along the rail
way track. The i ex day the waters rose
several inches and came closer. The wind
was still fresh fro n the southeast, and the
water was being t urown at a terrific rate
toward Mort mere. The lake was then es
timate! to be eight miles wide and thirty
A Bonanza for Salt Men.
"Saturday the water was thirteen inches
in depth, and within a few hundred yards
of the locomotiv.s house. Sunday after
noon it wa fifte -n inches in depth, but
not nearer therni.ll. The reason of this is
tiatgre is a sharptarn to the mill, and
the water will hav? tobeNlt least four feet
high before the mill can be damaged, and
ejhtfeet before the track can be swamped
Should this v.stbody of water'Sv? receive
further supply Frjm tjje Colorado rier,
the evaporation is so rapid that the gf?at
salt lake would sojn disappear, andleave
behind it TuTTan e Wmous pile ofsalt."
Nothing I.ike It Ever Seen Before.
There has never been anything like this
amount of water at Salton during the
time of the white man, but the Indians
have a tradition that many long years ago
the water rose in a similar manner and
drowned larg. nambers of their forefa
thers. This w hole region was once nnSer
water, and the water line can be seen high
up on the moui tain side. Within the
memory of man, however, it has been en
tirely dry, with the exception of a little
pool of brackish water at the salt works.
The source of the mysterious inflow of
water remains a mystery, although the
general belief is still that it comes from a
break in the banks of, the Colorado river
ir It Should Be Permanent.
Scientists here ire discussing the effect
upon the climate of southern California
should the fl-od be permanent. The te
suit would certaialy be beneficial, making
it more like that of Lower California,
which lies bet wet n the gulf and the ocean.
There would be no more santanas from
the desert, thus making the climatestUl
more equable even than it now is. The
peninsula would be extended northward
to the latitude of Orange county. It is
possible that one of the greatest geolog
ical changes of tl e age is going on.
Lansing, July 2. The general appro
priation bill pass-d the house last night.
It calls for 552.33 this year, and $71s..V)0
in 1892. The general appropriation biil,
together with a 1 the special appropria
tions, brings the total state taxes for this
year and next up to $2.83,Xil. During
lssy 90 the state tax amounted to 3,US5,-2-15.
The repoit in the Doyle-Munthe
bribery case has been - made. It
pronounces that the bribery charges
were totally unf mnded, but censures Rep
resentative Mun: he for accepting 50 from
Iron wood to reimburse Mr. Doyle for as
sisting him during the session. The sen
ate agreed to the reform election bill as
passed by th house. The World's fair
appropriation p.issed. It provides $100,-
Frank Slavin's Itrother Is a Fighter, Too.
San Francisco, July 2. The Australian
heavyweights, Billy Smith and Jack Sla
vin, brother of Frank Slavin, met at the
Occidental club Tuesday night in a finish
fight for a purs-j of $1,150. They fought
forty-eight rounds. Slavin scoring first
blood and four knock-downs, and being
himself knocke 1 down once. The lar-t
blow was given .n the forty-eighth round,
when Smith was sent to the floor by a
ieii-nauuer on ine jaw.
Strike Situation at Pittsburg.
Pittshckg, July 2. Yesterday the boss
painters of this city posted the new rules
in their shops culling for a classification
of wages and nine hours for a day's work.
The union painters refused to be governed
by the rules, and COO men went oat on a
strike. The bu ldmg trades strike in vir
tually at an etl The striking carpen
ters, throBgn actual necessity, Lave been
Indian Pupils Go Howe.
CAULiBUi, Pa., July 2. Sixty Iadlan
boys and girls left the training school in
this city yeste-day afternoon lor their
homes in Wist onsin, Kansas, Dakota,
Montana, and the Indian territory. Some
were graduates, and others had completed
a three-years' conrso. Nenrlv all of tliem
have learned trades during their stay in
Claims To He the Senor's Widow.
Xew York, July 2. The will of Felix
Govin Y Piute, the Cuban millionaire
who died at his home in this city a month
ago, is about to be contested by a woman
named Luz Diaz. Govin, who claims to be
the senor's wide w. The daughter of Scnor
Pinto denies text woman's claim.
A ill AH
AFOUO WAS A FERrECT I'M.
PERFECT IN FORM !-UATthlfS :s mil
ys b anioaa were tne aueitul. fr-r ituwart men ttoat
luu. u..( unn Wfcr.put to l.attj.
Evrv MAN can be 8TR0SO
and VI60B0F8 ia all rtapcts.
YOUNG MEN OR OLD,
rofferitig from NERVOUS DE
BILITY, Lsit or railing Man
feood, Fhvaical Exeetara. Mestal
Worry. Btnaicd Development, or
any PERSONAL WEAKNESS, can b
reatored to PERFECT BEAITH and
NOBLE VITALITY of 6TR0H3
EN, tha Prida and Power of Nationa.
e claim by years of practice by
ir exrliiive methods a uniform
iuhofolt of SUCCESS In treat
ing all Dlaeaeei. Weakneaaea and
Afflictions sf Kea. Testimonials
from VI States and Territories.
flHB MCU BnOV "''" n''". sealed, post
UUK ntW BUUJV paid, fora (tmitfrt time: 0-t
ltwhllo yon can. Pall Explanations for HOME TREAT
KENT. Yon can b FULLY RESTORED ai Thooiands
haTebeanbTUB. Read our teetimonlala. Addreiaatoncs
ERIE MEDICAL CO. BUFFALO, N.T"
$100 And Upwards
CAN BE INVESTED I
A POSITIVE AND SAFE
I 5 per Cent
Dividend Paying Stock.
Full particulars and
Prospectus can be had
on application or addressing
S. L. SIMPSON. Banker,
64 Broadway, N. Y-
Wyoming lot. It's the comintr city of Wyom
ing, lias waterworks, electric lights, flouring
mi.ls. Located in the garden of Wyoming
Produeed the prize potato crop of the United
States in lfefli). rcr maps and further infor.
mation apply to
MANN & THOM, Buffalo, Wyo.
R CF.DI EFrENGACHS
SURE CURE for SEMINAL, ".BVOJS
1 URINARY TROUBLES in
MIC31E-AGED "-! OLD WEN, NO
ST"MAf M wrnir.iTir.t4. ua uccra-
siLiX TAINT OR D:SAPPOINT;!CHT, but I.,.,!.
acd n-rniaLi.t'T cure, ir litt le.. 15daja
trcatmenton trial ojf return mail r.r T!r?u,aT fr?.
3leaeti.foTtheU.S. t89 tS.ST..!l,AtlF.E,l3.
Kit" i is aekrowloflfred'
the lea'Iirc- iemc.lv for
The only s:ie reme.lv for
i ireen be it and f
, H"J;'" rafe in recv .mmerjding it
j "Htv't,sCttV"'' p-i to nil si!iTrer.
JtZS. iTl 4TT-R Tf.T
rf w ty lruf.-KislaV
NEW MUSIC HOUSE
No. 1804 Second Avenue.
Housel, Woodyatt & Co.;
This firm have the exclusive sale for this county of thr
Pieirios eird Orcars,
WEBER, DECKER BROS., WHEELOCK,
ESTEY, AND CAMP & CO.'S PIANOS,
And the ESTEY, WESTERN COTTAGE and PAR
RAND & VOTEY ORGANS.
yA full line also of email Musical m- rchanaise.
O'CONNER & SAGE, Proprietors,
No. 117 Eighteenth Street.
tJawH7 tJhlm l EOW rrcn for b,'!!ici's9- Their grand opening will occur in abnnt
two weeks, for which they are making grand prt paratior.s. !""'in
Plat of Sclinell
To be Sold at Auction on the
FOURTH of JULY.
140 44 46
M. SCUXELL'S ADDITION.
Onc-Fovirtla Down, Balance on Time to Suit Purchasers. I
We arc opening ta mort eomplet Una of Hrtrwtr ipeolaitie tror
Island beside our rfg-nKr t "oclf of a tap! a and bufldaraf BaHt'
and Mechanics too!.
Pocket, Table Kitchen Ciitlepy,
Nails. Steel Goods, Tinware, Stoves, Etc.
VaK7IALTLE3 Cllaatvx CootM and lUafea, "Florida" an4 WllMr Hot Wntaw Htaamanas
ttaMa BteMi BoDon, Ttttexu Ovraa Proof FUtcra, KooTtoanT Fmrdann, Tta
tWat 8aiit Jroa work, Plnmblng, Copperamllblna and Stoaa FrWtaVg.
BAKER & HOUSMAN,
1623SecoEd avenue, Rock Island.