Newspaper Page Text
THJC ABGDB.- TBIDAT, AUGI ST -i8, 1891.
THE A KG US.
Published Dkil, ar.l WccUj kl 1,124 6ecood Av
enue, Bock lotted. 111.
J. W. Potter. -
Tnw-Daily. 60c per month; Weekly, .
Ail oommanicationt o( erttiel or ktfromenta.
tlve character, political or religion, man have
real name attached for publication. No each
tr- irfti hi --,tri over Vtli'ei? rir;ciitr.rj.
Aaonrnoiie commonleatlons not notlceo.
Correspondence eolicltod from every township
la Bock Island county.
Friday, August 28, 1881.
Chicago claims to have 1,463 hotels,
with accommodations for 135,000 quests.
Peoria Herald: President Harrison
is taking water at Saratoga. Next year
he will be taking the back track to In
San Antonio Express: "For presi
dent in 1892: James O. Blaine. For vice
president, Matthew Stanley Quay. For
secretary of state, Stephen A. Dorsey.
Platform: Swipe the swap!"
Mckinley ought to tell, but he won't,
about those 270 families representing
1,000 persons of all ages in New York
whom a dispatch stys "arc actually starr
ing; they are the families of striking
coatmaker?; McKinley ought to tell, but
be won't, y t)P KVobnlr. nonstitijtio'-
Democrat, how the European "sweat"
system is already introduced in this
country since his bill became a la, and
bow labor is becoming enslaved.
The following item is making the
rounds of the capitalistic press: "H.
Seten-Earr, a member of the English par
liament, has been investigating the Har
ney Psak Tin alining company, and he
found the outlook so favorable that be
made the prediction that the United
States would soon be shipping tin to Eng
land. This is terrible news for these who
are opposed to the development of Amer
ican industries." Now, if this is all true,
does it not prove that the protective tariff
is by just so much a steal from the Amer
ican consumers? If we can compete with
the "pauper labor" of Wales in Knplanri.
wnat need have we for a protective tariff
on tin plte?
It is grievous news from the Cherokee
Nation ttt, at the prcieat election, bal
lot box frauds were perpetrated in the
interest of all the three rivil candidates
for the office of principal chief. The
Bushyhead and Benge parti es charge the
other party with wholesale and outrag
eous cheating, while the Mayes party,
which was successful, accuses iis adver
saries of trying to profitby false counting.
We do not like to hear of such conduct
on the part of the native American In
dians, proud Cherokaes of the ancient
stock, full blooded and red ikicned.
They ought to have shown ua an election
worthy to be an example to pale faced
Proe.ror'a Folitirat Promotion.
The not unmixed pleasure of rattling
about in the senatorial shoes of the Hon.
George F. Edmunds has been tendered
by the governor of Vermont to the Hon.
KeCheld .Proctor, at present the secretary
of war. The vacancy to be occasioned
by Senator Elmunds' resignation will not
occur until Nov. 1 tad Mr. Tioctor will
tb'e hV5 ascatb; is rLich to pouuei
Governor Page's offer. It is not improb
able for several reasons that Mr. Proctor
will accept, says the Chicago Post. The
office of senator in congress is in all re
spects more honorable than a post in the
president's cabinet, which is, in effect, a
sort of exalted clerkship whose duties aie
the most arduous and the most thankless.
The exceptions ure in cities like that ut
Mr. Blaine, where the secretary clearly
CTCrtCiw till -aa.ut-u, tu iutClU "l. jtf'pU-
larity or political adroitness. Mr. Proc
ter could not be considered such an ex
ception. ine unexpired term of Senator E1
munds rues until 1803, so that Mr. Proc
tor would neither prolong nor abridge bis
official life materially by accepting the
appointment. His chances would pro
bably be improved, inasmuch as he would
net d only to make a tolerably good rec
ord as senator by appointment to earn
the accustomed courtesy of senator by
To Mr. Proctor, as to most other per
sons, it must be clear that PresiJeut liar
Jison's re-election is a rapidly diminish
ing factor in the political problem . Mr.
Proctor may well calculate the unpleas
antness and unprofitableness of being
chained to a political corpse.
Governor Page announces that bis
choice of Mr. Proctor is made pursuant
to advices received from "a large major
its" of the party leaders "in every coun
ty" of his state. There is a cordiality in
. this circumstance, to say nothing of a
promise of future support, which will
certainly not be lost on Mr. Proctor.
Finally a call from one's own state to
a poet in which be will be able to serve
both that commonwealth and the na
tiou as well will appeal even to so deter
mined a federalist as Mr. Proctor with
It will seem strange, the Post con
cludes, to discover the placid and puri
tanical face of Redfield Proctor in the
corner so long illuminated by the radiant
beak of George F. Edmunds, but we are
by no means sure that the change will be
an unprofitable one. '
TJtt TARIFF ON GLOVES.
'J HC FROf ITS Oi THE MANuFACTUnc
AND THE WAGES OF LABOR.
Cauterof the Glove Iodomtry In the Cnlted
State How the Industry Wa Located
kiid isw It levluped The Raw Ma
terial Interacting Statistic.
I; may not be generally known that
thre-fonrths of all the gloves made in
the United States are made in one little
county in New York; and yet this is the
claim of the glove manufacturers cf
Gloversville and Johnstown, both in
Fulton oonnty. The yearly value of
their product is between $3,000,000 and
$0,000,000, and they say that 30,000 peo
ple are dependent upon their business,
abo'it one-third of whom depend upon
the dressing of hides,
i The locating of the industry in this
particular part of the United States was
accilental. In the early part of this
century it is said that a man by the name
ot Talmadge was laid up one winter by
some accident. He put in his time mak
ing gloves from deerskins then abun
dant in the Adirondacks. In the spring
he pit a bag of theso gloves across a
hors-i and et-trted for Albany to see what
they wcnld bring there. He sold them
on the road at such gcd figures that he
mad 3 tip more the nok.i winter, and in a
few years had started a little glove
factory. Others followed and soon
Fulton county began to be known as a
glovt center. The industry grew slowly
until about 1ST3, when, partly through
the efforts of John M. Carroll, congress
man from that district, hides were put
on the free list.
Thi effect on the business of allowing
manufacturers to obtain hides from any
part ot the worl was marvelous. Eusi
ness has been prosperous ever since, and
will ouiinue to be so as long as hides
can be imported free of duty. This is
the o lly form of protection sought by
some of the very largest manufacturers
thera The majority, however, of the
225 fij-ms that compose the Glovemakers'
ettti favors a jrteotive, tori II on
gloves and succeeded in getting the
dorci.sed from 50 per cent, to an av
erage of 70 or 80 ier cent. riu the Mc
Kinley bill. Why they favored more pro
duction is evident from what one mem
ber slid. ''We have vry firm airree
ment? not to cut on prices at wholesale."
That duly of evtjn 50 per cent, was not
nnel i- shown by the fact that all.
of ary ability whatever, who have
begun bnsiuess since 18T3 have suc
ceeded (unless they have manufactured
from imported leather which is dutia
ble), aud that innny of the firms Tiave
for years been making enormous profits.
The effects of this increased duty on
, Vcj'iess will be slight. Some of the
very largest manufacturers do not intend
to maice any change in the kind of work
done, and do not anticipate any greater
dematd for their goods. A few firms,
however, are beginning to experiment in
making some kinds of fine gloves that have
never been made here. They admit that
they can make this class of goods here
only by imiKirting cutters from England,
and th.it the new tariff will not cause an
advance in wages. But they say there
will be more work for sewing girls, who
are mostly American. Now, it happens
that ct.tters are the only class of work
men tl at get more than an average of
1.25 p-r day. Hence the only labor to
be benefited by the increased duty will
ro bo Tr.Hc l?bor. Ner.rlv all of tli2
cutters now einnloved. except appren
tices, ere loreigners.
Vag-.?9 now paid to sewing girls work
ing in the shops average about thirty
dollars per month. This is fair wages
for Rirls, and was recognized as such by j
iu6 iviuiL uiim iuuiuiiu-e w Hell
the gleve manufacturers, whilo asking
for mere protection for the ienent of
these g rls, submitted statistics showing
the difference in wages between this and
other countries. So eager were they to
make u good showing for the American
gir?s tht they neglected to mention that
out of these wages the girls must pay
one dollar or two dollars (two dollars at
most Liopp) for power to run tbeir ma
chines; that they may break twenty or
twenty-five needles in a month, worth
in;"!! il"' V ' i. ;,f. O'.i' Ui' i", V '1 '1 . .1'
mnst Krpply; that they are liable to dam
age to oods from cuts, prease, etc., an '
that th? girls must pay for their own
These machines must Vie Ftrong and
capable of doing different kindsof stitch
ing in b ather. Hence they are very ex
pensive. 1c is ssid that hi some smis 90
percent, of them are imported. These
cost tin girls about fifty-five dollars
(nearly twenty dollars of which is to
pay the duty of 45 jior cnt.), and are
nearly vorn out at the end of four years.
About ." per cent, of the gloves made
are "farmed out" to families living
within a radius of ten or twenty ruil''S
from Gr'oversville. These families, t.f
course, provide their own machines,
needles, power, etc. They receive the
same pitce price for stitching, sewing on
buttons, decorating, etc., as the shop
girls, bt t are taxed bo much per dozen
for the delivery and return of the goods.
Another little matter to which these
manufacturers neglected to call the at
tention of the tariff committees is the
fact that the duty asked for and obtained
is often greater than the labor cost of
making t he gloves, e. g. , the labor cost of
making cloves that sell for six dollars
per dozen at wholesale will not ex
ceed $3.5), while the dutj on similar
gloves imported may be $3.25. Even
on twelve dollar gloves, where the
labor cott will average about $4.40, the
duty will probably average $3.75. The
manufacturers pretend to ask for only
enough tiriif to equalize the difference
in labor cost between the United States
and other countries. Now, these manu
facturers nowhere claim that this differ
ence will be more than 25 per cent, of
the cost price of the gloves. How, then,
can they, even for the sake of the Amer
ican shop girls, ask for a tariff equal to
from 50 t J 100 per cent, of the cost price,
and which sometimes exceeds the entire
cost of n. aking?
In 1889 we imported $4,576,091 worth
cf jf "r. .-n T-hiea a duty vroa paid, ot
4,SHe,v4A. About every fourth pair of
gloves sold (and every second pair of la
dles' g!ovca) ;hoii k ia.oitvL Gloves
that cost about six dollars a pair in
France, now retail here for $1.50. Take
off the dnty and they would not retail
for more than one dollar. No true Amer
ican lady will hesitate while ont shop
ping to pay the ex'tra fifty cents when
she thinks of the good that the tariff
does to imported cutters (which it has
thrown ont of work in Europe), and pos
sibly also to the benevolent manufactur
ers who are anxious to provide more
work for American girls, but who would
not think of sharing their already big
profits with the girls now employed, by
removing some of the petty fines and
charges which so seriously curtail their
Everything that goes into a glove is
dutiable buttons, fasteners, eyes, lin
ings, thread, cords and needles. Some
well posted men say that if the duty on
these and on leather (some kinds of which
mast be imported) was removed we
would soon be making all the kinds of
fine gloves that it will ever pay to make
here. It is quite certain that the great
bulk of business now done here would
still be done if every cent of tariff were
removed and that the wares paid docs
not depend upon the tariff at all.
lie Apparently Relirvr That We Pay Gold
for All Our Import of ?lercliaidie.
Mr. Niedringhans, who is trying to
import contract labor in oder to keep
wages in the new industry created for
his benefit by act of congress, argues
that if we break up the trade in tinned
plates with Great Britain we shall have
the use of $27,000,000 a year more than
we now have. Mr. Niedringhans means
by this that if we quit importing tinned
plates we shall increase our coin circu
lating medium by exactly the amount
we now pay England for this particular
import. If so. perhaps Mr. Niedring
haus would have us cnt off all commerce
with foreign states and thns add $700,
000,000 to $SOO,000,000 to our coin circu
lation, though just where, w are to put
that amount -it would lie hard to guess.
Mr. Everett P. Wheeler, ex-president
of the Reform club, exposed the absurd
ity of Mr. Nietlringhaus' position in these
He says that when we have broken up
the trade in tin plate with England we
Khali have the u.-e of $27.OP0,Oi;0 a year
more. "Kiis could only be if wa paid for
this tin plate in money. But, in fact,
we pay fjr it by exporting cotton, grain,
oil aud American notions. Ereaking up
the trade in tin plate with England takes
away just that much market for the
fanner and the manufacturer of articles
which we export.
Mr. Niedringhans Fays that the differ
ence in wages is what prevents us from
making our own tin plate. The fact is
that wages in the manufacture of tin
plate are less than 25 per cent, of the
cost. The manufacture is 6iuiple. The
cost is in the sheet iron, which is coated
with tin to make tin plate. The tariff
on iron keeps up the price of this, and
the effect of the duty on tin plate is sim
ply to increase the profits cf the manu
facturers of sheet iron at the expense of
every American consumer. It is safe to
say there is not one man in this country
who does not in some form or other use
tin plate during the year.
The question recurs: Whet harm have
the 401100 or 50.000 men, women and
children in England and Wales who
make their living out of the manufac
ture oi tij plaie ever tk;ie to us limi v
should try t d-rtroy their liviug and
tax ourselves to boot? They are good
customers of ours. Why should we in
jnre or ruin our trade with them for tue
sake of increasing th wHlt'l of few
HE KNEW SHE WOULD BE MAD.
But He Had Lost Hid Key, go Be Had
to Wake H-r I p.
Just as he reached the foot of the steps
he put his hand into one of his trousers
pockets and then ejaculated:
"What in thunder!"
Then he felt in auother pocket and
"Well, I II be hanged!"
II" ipt1 "-J thoight for a moment,
and then tried his vest pockets. Next
he tried those in his coat.
"Every one's aeb-i-p too," lie muttered
as he paused in ir.mt of the door. "I
wonder where I could have left them."
He went through his pockets again
and then sat down on the top 6tep to
think the matter over.
"She'll be bopping mad if I wake her
up," he muttered, "and no excuse will
go. But what else am I going to do?"
He sighed, made a third search of his
pockets, and then got up with a deter
mination on his face and gave several
vicious yanks at the door bell.
"Oh, me! oh. my! Won't the be mad,
though?'' he soliloquized.
And she was.
"Oh, it's you, is it? she exclaimed
when she opened the door. "What did
you wake me up for?"
"My dear," he said apologetically. "I
couldn't get in."
"Did you try?" she asked.
"Why, no, my dear," he explained.
"Ton see 1 lost my keys today."
"I know it. I found them on the
bureau, and so I left the door unlocked
Then she marched back to' bed, and he
swore that he wonld never again take it
for granted that anything was locked.
What Bad Done It.
Policeman (standing at front door)
Madam, I found this door wide open and
came in; if you will follow me to the
kitchen you will find that a gang of
tramps have been holding high wassail
in your absence. '
Lady follows him along a trail of
crumbs, napkins, dish towels, forks and
things, into a kitchen that looks like the
interior of a boarding shanty on a new
railway after a Saturday night fight.
She draws a long sigh of relief. "How
you frightened met It's all right officer;
my husband aas been getting himself a
lunch." Philadelphia Press.
Special inducements to buyers. All Oxfords and Low Cut
COST AND LESS
To make room for Fall Stock.
BOSTON SHOE STORE,
P. S. BIG NEW LINE
For Over Fifty Yean
Mrs. Winslow's Soothing Syrup has
Iwvti used bv nii'ii'wi pf rco'hers fcr
their children while teething. If dis
bursed at night and broken ot your res
by a sick child suffering aod crying with
pain cutiing t r-;ii -!.c a OuCe aud get
a bottU of "M Wiislew's PootHng
rtyrnn" for rhMrTi toh. It "ri!! r
l.ww tuc iuu nine auilercr miuieaiaieiy.
Depend upon it. mothers, thercis no tio
tk about it. It cures diarrhoea, regu
lates the stomaoh and bowels, cures wind
colic, softens the guru", rednr.se inflsmtra
lios -ud tjvt-d touo iiii tucigy lo tue
whole system, "Mrs Winslow's Soothing
Syrup" for children teetting is pleasant
to the taste and is the prescription cf one
of the oldest and best female physicians
and nurses in the United States. Sold by
ui uruisis throughout the wotid. Price
twenty-live cents a bottle. Be sure and
ask for "Mrs. Winslow'6Soothing Syrup
A Beat Bsliam is Kemp's Baliam
The dictionery says, "a balsam is a
thick, pure, aromatic substance flowing
from trees." Kemp's Balsam for the
throat and lungs is the onlv cough medi
cine ihat is a icai haiBam. ftiaay thin,
watery cough remedies are called balsam's
bnt such are not. Look through a bottle
of Kemp's Balsam and notice what a pure,
thick preparation it is. If you cough
use Kemp's Balsam. At all druggists'.
Large bottles 50c and Si.
To Kervocs ana Stbiutcd Ken.
If you will send me your address we
win mail you our illustrated pamphlet
..i. l'd i.juttu
electro voitic be1 "!d SFf'-ir-sccs. i-d
their charming effects upon the nervous
dabilita'ed system, an how they will
qnirkly renter? yc.u to vigor, manhood
and Lt-hltb. Prnnph let free, if you are
U.U3 a luiciki, we wii send you a belt and
appliances on trial.
Voltaic Belt Co.. Marshall. Mich.
Do Ton CongkJ
Doc't delay. Take Kemp's Balsam, the
beat cough cute. It will cure your
com; bs and colds. It will cure pains in
the cl.ett. It wi!l cure iuSuenza and
bronchitis and all diseases periamirjg to
the lungs lieci'iRt it is s pure haJssm.
Hold it to the light and see how clear arid
thick iv is. You will see tbe excellent
fTec: V-r rtr.- tbe ?Z1 OSS. LulC
bottles 5"c nrd $1 .
Is the pursuit or tcv goo-l things of
tai wtirid we nt:cwtte .coTm""1: we
eat out the heart and sweetness of world
ly p!cMTC3 by deMgf.f-J forethought of
iheru. The results obtained from the use
of Dr. Jones' Ued Clover Tonic far exceed
all claims, It cures djf pepeir,, and all
stomach, liver, kidney and bladder
troubles. It is a perfect tonic, appetizer,
blood purifier, a sure cure for ague and
malaria! disease. Price. 60 cents, of
A Mother's Gratitude. My son wan in
an almost hoptltts condition with Mux
when I commenced usine Chamberlain's
Colx, Cholera aul Dihr hota lierntdy. It
cave him immediate relief and I am sure
it saved his life. I take great pleasure
in recommending it t all. Mrs. M L.
Johnson, Everett, Simpson county. Miss.
25 and 50 cent bottles for sale by Hart
& Bahnsen, druggists.
Mr. Clark, to the public: I wish to say
to my friends and tbe public, that I re
gard Chamberlain's Colic, Cholera and
Diarrhoea remedy as tbe best preparation
in use for colic and diarrhoea. It is tbe
finest selling medicine I ever bandied, be
cause it always gives satisfaction. O.
B Clark, OraBgeyille, Tex. For sale by
Hartz & Bahnsen, druggists.
Albert Erwin, editor of the Leonard,
Texas, Graphic, says: "For tbe cure of
cramps in the stomach Chamberlain's
Colic, Cholera and Diarrhoea Remedy is
the best and most aoeedy I ever used."
Many others who have tried it entertain
the came opinion. For sale by Hartz &
After trying many remedies for catarrh
during past years, I tried Ely's Cream
Balm with complete success. It is over
one year since I stopped ueini it and bav6
had do return of catarrh. I recommend
it to all my friends Milton T. Palm,
Reading, Pa. -
C!Z? CD 7
Ye hurrying people, STOP,
Your glittering money, DROP,
And you will get your money's worth,
If you are satisfied short of the earth.
Ave., under Rock Island H
OF SCHOOL SHOES.
WILL, be under the supervision of the
Burlington, Cedar Hcpids ez Northern
Railway, W.J. MORRISON, Manager, and
will be open for tbe inception of quests
June 1 5th In each rear. Visitors will And
Is flrst-clasa in all of Its appointmente,
being1 supplied with prfia, hot and cold
water baths, electric bells and all modern
Improvements, steam laundry, billiard
halls, bowling- alley, etc. and positively
free from annoyance by mo&quitos.
ROUND-TRI? EXCURSION TICKETS
will be placed on nala at the commence
ment of tourist season by tbe Burlington,
Cdlci r.&ijiuo 2w Iwrtiiem nuauay ana
all of its connecting lines nt low rates to
iuo luuoi.i.jg puiuie. oiJir.c lowa:
Lake Minnetcnka. Minnesota; Lake Su
perior points; Yellowstone Pork and
points in Colorado.
Write for " A Midsummer Pandise" to
the General liCKet and PassKiHrer Agent.
W. J. MOKRISON, tl onager. Spirit Lalro.
C. 1. IVES i. E. HANNEGAN.
fret't mmd titm I Sup't. Gn" T:ckt ani Fsss'r IXmt.
Jolin Voile & Co.,
Saph, Poors, Blinds. Hiding, Floorirp,
tir.i all kd of wood work for hniMar.
Eicnrefr.tb bt.. Set. Tfciru hue Foitb .
kiu jr-4ia baa u w
A. A Tarai ilet of information und b-,'t,
fTvv irm 1 arfc..
DF.HILIllFi Ikrwh I
k-cirrTDLft If LT AVI SDHIS0fi1
pow, raw t ftvaermtiv ttrak. It; doit rrrrl. BlM, Soik
tmr. Caati.woM ( vrmU of Klprtrtcii thrn jph ail VKAK
Pa Rl r-sbricc them i HIUL.1 II m4 ilWtRlll s (4TUKMJTH.
Cl(rlc (Mrrrat lU ItiUy. or ( furtti 10 cub.
BKL.T mmC Hwftvtuimr (mmpHf Md nrit caw fe
marerlU ar-a to trr-- mootba. K 1M i
-AUSFN lOTKIC CO.
ROF.QI EFFEN BACH'S
tUKi CURE for SCHIktL. MEDV6US
l ORIHAIT TROUBLES i TOillO,
'BIll-ASH m ail tun. no
xtchifh nrfliciTins. la bcir-
TAINTT 01 ISPP0lt(T(ET,bnl'
tlvttly rltws tb om mm in t hourw,
ud urniocnl? eumjii luuUn- 1&4
Ira flriH. -wv'A
ImlllliBI I'll II 111 l'J I III HI 1 mill rufl Clrmur frt.
THE lCRV ORUO CO..
eoUtgta.fortbcU.B 8Wlk tl-HllWHUIlt-W1J
pi I TO
t.rnt tSIMOt'i)1iJI6i!, Jj
rtr' ChiCiS0, i!IS.:.r
05-. v i!iVii':!!) h-
hood. Fki:Ii.-ff Mcrr.orv. E;t-k:'
Terrible Dreams. Hcai ar.t ca.i: A.a
umrtjonorl: -.an!y t--- k
Diseases rcrmanentiv r-jrei.
KIDNEY and LRIAPVt-
Gteet, oor.orrhe, Strittcre, V-.-".
all diseases of tr.e Oenjto-Vrr.i. '
prompttT without iny t& S::...
e'No expsrirreitts. Age ;:
-AU cor.-,; r.tr.:
Forty Y ar Prtti-. .. . I
(aw. Lriii orrtni r-ti-i- 7
lompliint. 4 ata. rh. a;! U'o--.
No n:a:t-T wnrt "iss f' ilci :
Dr. Clarke a f-ti history j .'
8toS; Sun.-iai, 0 to 12. ' CVi ;:.
F. D. CLARKE, MD,
186 So. Clark St.. CHICt'O
lJjf psr.1 fr.-;i ihe prN
iSSr 1.".- - r.. iv
SEMINAL PASTILLES. -
I nni.r ""'T?:C!.'7.' "
I hjMC KiCclstM.'"-....
tv ' J f..--.nsfr n: t ''
' laifir,:!' r
T'i;hnp. ;tiv:i!. y: '
UfERiNE EUTHOFrii-. :
rail nr wi.i.' I - -
C:; -lui;.- .
183 Vi'rsro.x S'i
Cm I ii-' Vy.
UT or i'r.I"I''I
I lr, 1
2 al ::l '. ''
;i ' - 1 ; "
4 Iih l-rbfii.
,5 Jv-titf t'i'l
j I 'Imlf 1 a .'
t i otiKh-.. 1
U lleioa' h
Ill rp. '"iw-''. ' l,u-.l
1M mJ An"'' 4- .
of jirin-. 1R '".,1 .ni r-JiS-HUMPHHEYS
r. Willtam J" 7c
T, i. mnnf-:url u ?'A
without the "M;,-, .perr. .f
cure, wnetbrr ti.e P l;i tf- f
of cmm. nd "O 'iW'ti.l'W
lowed Jl ""' A