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Ottumwa weekly courier. (Ottumwa, Wapello County, Iowa) 1872-1899, February 28, 1877, Image 2

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WFENXR.STV\Y MQI \INI.. FF.II. 2$. 1877.
The decision of the Electoral I'oin
•Blssion, wliioli is a body created. in
main, by democratic votes, as an
tomuccd in the Corniri: last night.
11(1 which is fully oontirnied by our
dispatches to-day. gives the three
TOtcs of Oregon to llayc*, and set
tles the presidential question in his
The other States to be counted, are
none of them in "question, except
South Carolina, and as Mr. Snyler.
democratic Chairman of the House
Committee sent down to investigate
too South Carolina matter, has re
ptvted that the lowest Hayes elector
Weeivcd over eight hundred more
"Mte« than the highest Tilden cleetor
id candidate, in that State, it would
Mem the lillibustering tactics resorted
by such disreputable scamps as
Clymer, cannot long prevent the final
$unt, and authoritative declaration
of the election of Hayes and Wlieoler.
And now, since the seven demo
eratic members of the Commission
have deliberately put themselves on
record in sustaining the mi sera
able Cronin pretense, which lias
been denounced by the leading
democratic papers of the country, it
is hoped that we shall hear less talk
about the partisanstiip of the majori
ty of that commission.
It will be seen that Lafayette Lane,
the Member of Congress from Ore
gon, who got left at the last election,
and who is a son of old .Toe
Lane, is leading the filibusters,
and that a large number of
the leading Democrats in the
House are voting with the Republic
ans to carry out at once, in good faith,
the finding of the Commission.
Tnis beihg Jo. Medill's week to
make his Chicago Tribune a Republi
can sheet, he comes out frantically for
the election of Morton as acting Vice
President and President of the Sen
ate. After the inauguration is safely
passed, it will be in order for the
ITribune to continue its sneers at Mor
ton's legs, and at his unflinching Re
Not long ago, when the whole
country was threatened, and Illinois
was liable on its whole southern bor
der to be overran, the Tribune thought
John A. Logan was just the man to
rally men of all parties to go to the
front to put down that rebellion, and
later, his services were considered in
valuable on the stump whenever
the party was in danger. But after
victory in the field and on the stump
had brought peace and safety, then
the Tribune and its clan joined hands
In kicking Logan out, simply because
lus republicanism in the field and
forum was of the perpendicular char
Your fine-haired politicians of the
Jo Medill, George William Cnrtis,
and Jo Hawley order, through their
papers and otherwise, have managed
to emasculate the Senate of a great
portion of its republican manhood,
and of nearly all its military element,
and it is no fault of theirs that the
Confederate Brigadiers are not in a
majority in the Senate a s in the
It is instructive, however, to no
tice that when danger looms
up in the hoirizon, that these
same swallow failed, kid gloved fel
lows, instinctively turn to the bronz
ed veterans of couragc and experi
ence like Morton and Logan for pro
It is the old story. When the sea
is smooth, the wind favorable, and
sky clear, the boatswain can sail the
ship. But when the storm comes and
the sky is ink, and the waves begin
to dash over the prow, the captain is
called on deck.
There is a good sized shindy brew
ing between the Davenport Gazette
and Des Moines Register over the
proposed Cabinet officer from Iowa.
The Gazette has the floor, and has
moved the previous question in favor
of McCrary, announcing from time
to time that all favorable mention of
McCrary is in response to its first
suggestion in that direction, which,
we take it, is not particularly com
plimentary to Mr. McCrary. We
suppose that other Iowa papers who
have spoken favorably for Mr. Mc
Crary, as the CouniEK has frequently
done, have done so on account of
their personal knowledge of his pre
eminent fitness for a Cabinet ap
pointment, and not because the Ga
zette had possibly been the first paper
in Iowa to make the motion.
We agree with the Gazette that Mc
Crary would greatly ornament the
Cabinet of Ilayes, or any other Pres
ident, and with the Register that he is
not. the only man in Iowa who would
•do so. We don't agree with the
Gazette ihat it will help McCrary to
run down Kasson or any other Iowa
man, and finally, we favor a compro
mise, by referring the whole question
to Rutherford B. Hayes, of Fremont,
AnouT seventy-five or eighty of the
best democrats of the House, includ
ing, for the most part, the men who
smelt gunpowder during the late
War, voted solidly with the Repub
licans Saturday against all dilatory
motions, and this is the way the Chi
cago Times, organ of Western dcmoc
raey characterizes them: "A majority
"of those non-political politicians are
"undoubtedly in favor of letting vil
lainy triumph by their default
"But against these time-serving hum
bugs, of whom Hewitt, Kernan, Ben
Hill and Bayard are types, there is
"an aggressive and vigorous minor-'
ity who, it is said, cannot be dcliv-
ercd to Boss Morton under Mr.
Hewitt's contract."
There is trouble in the democratic
The Toledo Democrat refers to Mr.
^Hewitt as a dyspeptic poltroon de
clares that there is more manliness in
Morton's legs than in the whole car
cass of Mr. Hewitt and remarks that
while Garfield, Sherman, Logan, and
Chandler have nerve and Saxon pluck
the democrats have placed to the front
two or three New York shopkeepers
With neither brains nor bravery, and
tiave caused manhood to give way to
baby business in politics.
Gen. James A. Williamson, of Iowa,
the dispatclics inform us, has been
appointed one of the three Commis
sioners who govern the District of
Columbia, rice Kctchum resigned.
Gen. Williamson has filled the office
of Commissioner of the General Land
Office at Washington, for a year past
with uncommon credit. It was the
hardest worked and poorest paid of
fice in Washington. We presume lie
has resigned to accept less work and
*more pay.
The Philadelphia Time* (deiD.) de
clares that the Oregon dickering
grows more unsightly and offensive
as the investigation gets down to the
bottom facta. Referring to the dis
patches, the Times says: '-Clearly
Col. Pelton and Senator Kellcy will
want to he heard from again, to let
"#he nation know whether Mr. Tilden
either directly or indirectly a
party to the corrupt negotiation. We
$resume that he was not but his
skirts will le cleared only jvhew the
Cabinet-making is the order of the
day just now. and we put flic follow
ing on record as our ticket, subject to
the approval of Rutherford B. llayes:
Secretary of State—William M.
Evarts, of !Nc\v York.
Secretary of the Treasury—Lot M.
Morrill, of Maine.
Secretary of
War—John A. Logan,
of Illinois.
Secretary of the Navy—N. P. Banks,
of Massachusetts.
Secretary of the Interior—Edward
F. Noves, of Ohio.
Post Master General—John M.
Harlan, of Kentucky.
Attorney Gcncral-«-Qeo. W. Mc
Crary, of Ic ^va.
Wo think that Mr. Morrill, present
Secretary of the Treasury, will be
retained, because he has but recently
been appointed, and because his ser
vices on the Finance Committee of
the Senate for so many years has made
him specially fitted for the place
which he is now filling with univer
sal acceptability.
Moreover MO is from Maine, and the
friend of Blaine, and for all these
reasons lie will probably be contin
ued and be the only one of Grant's
cabinet retained. If President Hayes
gives Massachusetts a place in his
cabinet (and who ever heard
of a cabinet without a Massachu
setts man in it?) he will probably
avail himself of the distinguished
talents of General Banks, and thus in
his person gracefully recognizo the
Liberal Republican element which,
for the most part, supported Hayes.
This calculation necessarily leaves out
Pennsylvania. If this state is recog
nized instead of Massachusetts, then
strike out the name cf Banks and in
sert Win. M. McPherson, of Pennsyl
vania, and you have our guossjon the
Cabinet which President Hayes will
nominate to the Senate about the
sixth day of March next.
The skies begin to look a little dark,
and the Chicago Tribune calls loudly
on Morton to Bave the country from
It has done something of this be
fore, and it docs it again without a
blush of shame. Nevertheless the
people will remember that when
Oliver P. Morton, and the uncompro
mising Republicans wJio stood with
him, lifted their warning voices
against cowardly concessions, against
cruel persecutions, against the inhu
man outrages which have robbed the
Republican party of its overwhelm
ing majority in the South, the Chica
go Tribune was foremost in denoun
cing him as a "machine politician,"
and in advocating and following that
"masterly inactivity" which has fet
tered and bound the Republicans of
the South and brought the country to
its present condition.
Grant appealed for support in crush
ing out this inhuman persecution.
The Chicago Tribune denounced
Morton warned the country of the
danger of permitting such deeds of
atrocity to go unpunished.
The Chicago Tribune reviled him.
Sheridan branded the White Lea
guers of Louisiana as banditti, and
asked permission to break up the ne
farious organization.
The Chicago Tribune railed at him
as a shoulder-strapped upstart, and
demanded that he be rebuked and
It has been uttering one long and
continuous cry of ''Grantism" nnd
"Mortonisin" for the past two years,
and now, with its knees knocking to
gether in terror at the appearance of
the mere ghost of physical resistance,
it bellows like a frightened schoolboy
for Morton to come forward and save
the country. Well, it needn't be so
much alarmed. Morton will come
forward if the crisis demands him, as
he has always been ready to do be
fore but coming he can say with
justice to the frightened pack who are
now begging him to save them from
their own folly "Shake not thy gory
locks at me. Thou canst not say I
did it."—Intcr-Occan.
We have ione injustice to Lyman
Trumbull. It's a manly thing to apol
ogize when in 'he wrong. We apol
We Buppo«ed Trumbull went to
that ball for fun. He did not. He
went in the interest of science, nc
was serious lie meant business. He
went, Gov. Palmer informs the com
mittee, "as an artistwhether as a
"model artist" or a general student of
the beautiful we do not know, but
his desire was to examine humanity
or, in the words of Palmer, "study a
peculiar phase of Southern society.
"He could not have been more sol
emn," proceeds Talmer, "if he had
been a bishop of the diocese." This
is exceedingly satisfactory. We con
fess that we did fear that Trumbull
went to the ball not fully approciat
ing the terrible responsibility resting
upon him. We feared ho had been
led to grovel in the ditches of mate
rialism, instead of mounting to the
realms of mental sublimity.
But it was not so, and the Inter
Ocean rejoices in the fact. Others
might grovel, but not Trumbull.
Palmer might chassez down the out
side and up the middle, and Kelly
balance on the corners, but Lyman
Trumbull, locked in the contempla
tion of a great truth,
saw the sportive
quadroons forward-and-back without
a thrill of sensuous excitement, and
he heard the shout "Hands all round,'
without the quiver of a muscle. He
stood stock still, wrapped in the
grandeur of his own originality.
And yet lie realizcd tliat it was better
so. He knew that, though once the
"glass of fashion and the mould of
form," his legs had grown bandy and
his figure full in the wrong placc for
symmetry, lie knew it was better
for him to be solemn and mysterious
rather than gain a momentary pleas
ure by indulging in giddy sin. One
false step would have spoiled him
A quick movement down the center
might have robbed him of all his
country'knows exactly wbo *v*re (the propose to double up matrimonially,
parties to it." j»to two ranks, just like the regulars.
IB foniul
(be eastern
Whose wlnns, though radiant when at rent,
I^ose all lliclr glory wlien lie flies.
Behind the gold-bowed spectacles
the eyes of him who was as solemn
outwardly as the bishop of a diocese
may have (lashed youthful fire but a
man with great ambition must resist
these things. Possibly Lyman may
Preferred in bis heart the least ringlet that curln)
Dowu an exquisite neck to the throne of a world.
but an "artist" studying a peculiar
phase of Southern society must
trample sentiment in the dust, and
bid passion flee from his presence.
lie saw, he comprehended, he ana
lyzed, but no more. Others may have
erred lie did not. They may have
sinned Mr. Trumbull was the same
after temptation as before, and left
the colored ball as much above suspi
cion as l'otiphar'8 wife. We arc glad
of it, and now, if he will give the re
sult of his investigations in a lecture
before the Philosophical Society or
the Academy of Sciences, the world
may have cause to be thankful that
he attended, as an artist, that quad
roon ball.— Inter-Ocean.
And now the papers say that John
A. Kasson, widower, and Matilda
Fletcher, widow, have got tired of
marching in single file, and that they
The trouble of General John Mr
Arthur, late postmaster at Chicago,
will be sad news to many Iowa men
who knew.him well and served under
him during the war.
He is a native of Scotland, and saw
service abroad and in our Mexican
war. When the war broke out he was
made Colonel of the 12th Illinois,"one
of the first regiments in the field. He
was soon afterwards made Brigadier
General, and became Major General
before the close of the war. He com
manded a division of the 17th corps
from the organization of that body
until the surrender of Yicksburg,
when he was made Provo-Martial ot
that city, General Crocker succeeding
to the command of his division.
Crocker's Iowa Brigade consisting of
the lltli, i:tth, 15th and 10th regiments,
was, during all this time and, in
fact, until the close of the war, one of
the Brigades of this division.
General McArthur was popular
with his command and with his su
perior officers, and was regarded as a
good officer. lie commanded in many
of the important actions of the army
of the Tennessee, and the last year of
the war had a division in the Mobile
lie was aft extensive iron founder
when the war broke out, and has con
tinued in it since. He has been post
master in Chicago six or seven years,
during which time his business has
been falling off and his property de
preciating, which has caused liini
temporarily, as he hoped, to take
money out of his office to prevent
ruin to his business, and he has fal
Ion. We hope that later news will
give the matier a better phase. At
any rate, the men who followed the
plume of the gallant Highlander
throughout the war, will be slow
to believe that lie intentionally aurl
deliberately defrauded the govern
The Chicago Tribune has the fol
lowing sensible remarks, as to lic
popular majority claim sot tip in Mr,
Tilden's favor to-wit:
As to the popular majority, it is
folly to talk of it. The Constitution
does not contemplate an election by a
popular majority. A majority of 10,
000 for the Republicans in Illinois
gives Mr. Hayes 21 Electoral votes,
while 80,000 Democratic majority in
Georgia gives Tilden only ll Klccto
ral votes. Lincoln failed of a popu
lar majority by a million votes, yet he
was elected and inaugurated .Presi
dent. This would be answer enough
but the fact is that Mr. Tilden did not
honestly and lawfully get a majority
of a quarter of a million, or any
other number. The Democratic
frauds in four Southern States alone
will rub out the popular majority
claimed for him. Alabama, Republi
can by several thousand when there
is no bull-do/.ing, gave him 111,-100
majority Mississippi, Republican by
20,000 on a fair vote, gave him 57,0(X
majority Texas, which cannot law
fully give more than 15,000 Demo
cratic majority, gave him (10,000
Georgia, where the majority on a full
and free vote is not more than 10,000,
gave him 81,000. In these four States
alone a quarter of a million votes
were secured for Tilden by the rifle
clubs, the bull-dozers, the regulators,
and terrorists, which make up the
whole of the so-called popular major
ity which Tilden claims he received.
The following speculations as fo
Hayes cabinet arc from the Cincin
nati specials to the Inter-Ocean:
Governor Haves' line of Policy, as
marked out in public and laid down
in private, will be to recognize and
make peace with the South as much
as possible. Kentucky will probably
be represented by the Hon. J. M.
Harlan, the leader of the Kentucky
delegation in the convention here, ami
a firm friend of Ilristow in the con
vention, but an earnest supporter of
Governor llayes at a later period.
The other Southern man will proba
bly be .fudge Settle, of North Caro
lina, late republican candidate for
In Ohio, Senator Sherman seems
most likely to be favored, and is more
likely to sign his name as Sccetary of
the Treasury than any one else heard
Stanley Matthews could probably
have the Attorney Generalship, or
could succeed Judge Davis, if lie pre
ferred that to a Cabinet position, but
it is generally understood that he can
not afford to accept either, and will
continue in the practice of his pro
fession in Cincinnati, so llayes will
have to look elsewhere for Davis' po
sition. and the probability is that his
eye will next fall on Bristow, who it
is believed will accept.
As to other Cabinet positions, Mr.
Evarts may be depended upon as the
coming Secretary of State, while to
make lip the list there will be choice
among Hale, F.dmunds, McCrary, of
Iowa, Poole, of North Carolina, and
perhaps Cameron.
In tlic matter of changes of subor
dinates the members of the Cabinet
will be the motive power more than
ever, all the time however held in
check and controlled by the cool
head and steady hand of the Presi
The New York Sunday Herald,
which has strongly supported Tilden,
is out in a remarkable leader, of
which the following are some of the
salient points.
"As some of Mr. Tilden's friends
have already placed hiui in nomina
tion for 1880, we 1hink it will be
wholesome to review the campaign
just closed to see whether the Demo
cratic party owes its candidates any
that the nomination of Mr. Tilden
was obtained by disreputable means.
In this case the oflicc did not seek the
man, but the man sought the oflicc by
the use of agencics with which
wealthy and unscrupulous politicians
are familiar."
The article continues by denounc
ing the methods of the campaign, the
Liberty-Street Bureau, tho general
incompetency of Hewitt and com
pany, and saying of the Oregon tele
grams that
"Had they been to and from the res
idence of Gov. Hayes, they would
have been denounced by every Dem
ocrat in and out of Congress as the
acme of political rascality."
The article then closes as follows:
"And after such an ignominious
and disastrous experience as this, we
are asked to train under Tilden in
It has been harped over tlic coun
try by the opposition press that Gen.
Babcock is a defaulter to the extent
of several hundred thousand dollars,
the story having first appeared in
the SMH, the purpose being to cast re
flection upon President Grant. Gen.
Babcock has sent the following note
in regard to the accusation to the
National Republican:
"The statement published in the
Now York Sun that I am a defaulter
of one dollar, or of six hundred
thousand dollars, is an infamous lie,
and the person who sent the state
ment to New York, and the editor of
the Sun knew they were infamous
liars when they published it."
Dr. M. M. Wishard, formerly su
perintendent of the Indiana Soldiers'
Orphans' Homo and member of a St.
Paul drug firm, whose suicide on
Valentines day at New Orleans, has
been announced, was a victim of the
opium habit. He left a letter in which
he said:
"God only knows how I have
fought this terrible habit, but when
ever it gets hold of the system it is too
late Oh, God pity the opium eater,
that 1 had been wise, in the day of
this visitation I have a faint hope of
forgiveness. 1 then began to light it
with a desperation that almost crazed
me, and when nearly well, would get
get discouraged and go baek agajji.
My dear family is lny regret. Oh
that 1 had hecji vise in time,"
A Michigan Matrimonial Myste
ry—Four Claimants for a
JaoXsim (Midi) Correspondence
The Mary Ii. Knox case has been
discussed by the Herald and other
journals ns one of the most curious
cases on record, and yet the dust
covered legal records of Michigan
tell of a case more singular. Miss
Knox was engaged to a young man
named Mcrritt, and llie day was set
for the nuptials, they drove away to
gether and were married, and now
Mcrritt vows lie was not the biide
groom. She vows that he was, but
cannot prove it, and both make out a
pretty good case. One may well
argue that he ought to know whether
lie ever married a certain young la
dy or not, and the said young lady
may well argue that she ought to
know the man who rode to the cler
gymen's with her, stood up beside
her. made his responses in due form,
and drove her back home. These
arguments are what mystify the
Knox case. Now for one still more
About twenty years ago their lived
in Central Michigan a curious old
Benedict named Dodsworth. At the
age of 50 he married a girl of 20, and
when the burden of (iO years bore him
down, his wife was only half his age.
Dodsworth was noted for his pecu
liarities, but the climax came when
he found himself on -his dying bed.
He was worth about $:!(,000, and he
hadn't a blood relative living, so far
as lie knew, lie wanted to leave his
property to his wife, as the pair had
lived very happily, but yet lie could
not leave it without displaying some
of his peculiarities in the provisions
of the will. Some old men display a
mean spirit when making their wills,
and draft in a provision cutting the
wife oil' with a shilling if she mar
ries again. The old man wasn't ot
that stanin. 11 is young wife was
good looking, vivacious, fond of so
ciety, and it was folly to suppose that
she would mourn for her "late de
parted"' any great length of time.
Therefore, Mr. Dodsworth turned
heel on the usual custom and said in
his will:
In rase my wife Celia does not take
unto her another husband within
thirteen months from date of my
burial, all bequest otherwise made in
this will are to the State of Michigan,
to be used for building and furnish
sng a home for old women."
Whether Celia was pleased or dis
pleased (his provision deponant saith
not, nut the ohl man bad not been
under the sod more than six months
when the widow was said to be look
ing out for another man. If it was
singular for the dying Dodswood fo
to urge his wife to mary again, it was
still more singular that he should de
sire the ceremony to be performed
under the following circumstances,
"And it is made incumbent on said
Celia Dodsworth that in taking a flew
husband the marriage ceremony be
performed In the old barn on my
farm on the IT road. It shall take
placc at ten o'clock in the evening, on
the main floor, without lights of any
description, with all doors shut, and
a free invitation shall be extended to
all. The clergymen shall stand in the
stables and the bride and groom on
the main floor, and the principal
parties to the ceremony shall dress in
black throughout."
The widow announced her inten
tion to faithfully obey in spirit and
letter, the will was probated, and the
twelfth month had scarcely passed
before she issued an invitation for
the public to attend a wedding at the
big barn. Just who the groom was
to be 110 one could positively assert,
as the widow had been keeping com
pany with a widower, a bachelor,and
two young men, and as far as any
outsider could judge, she loved one
as well as another. Being good-look'
ing and talented, and having a fort
line behind her, it is nut strange that
she should have a number of suitors.
She seemed to enter into the spirit of
the affair with great zest, as also did
theminister and to further mystify
the people in attendance the bride
entered the barn alone at one door,
the groom alone at another, and no
one knew that the minister had ar
rived until his voice was heard in the
There were at least 200 people
present, and each one understood
that even the striking of a match
would break the will. Many jokes
were passed, and considerable con
fusion cxislcd, but at length the
minister announced that all was rea
dy. The ceremony was gone through
with, and at its conclusion, the allair
having been a "profound success,''a
rush WHS made for the bride she was
kissed by a hundre(\ men, nnd was
then carried home, a distance of a
mile and a half, in a big arm-eliair.
Now conies the mystery. When
the lady was down at her own door
the widower, the bachelor, and the
two young men each claimed 1o be
her true and lawful husband. None
of the crowd could say which was the
lucky man, the minister was at sea,
and the bride herself seemed to have
doubts. The widower was the man
of her choice, but in the confusion ho
could have been hustled aside, and
he did atlirm that an attempt had
been made to choke him and get him
out of the barn. The bachelor vowed
that she had promised to marry him,
as also did both young men. and each
one was sure that he held the widow's
plump hand and was legally married
to her. The four men had a tight,
but that didn't mend matters. The
crowd ducked two of ihcin* in a
creek, but that didn't decide the
Just how it would have terminated
had not the widower been a man of
nerve, no one can tell, as the other
three had already appealed to the
law. when the widower stepped in
and took his place as husband and
settled with the others for $2,000 each.
One of the young men, now over
forty years old, and having all the
wife he wants (she weighs 2110 pounds)
is living in this city, and, during an
interview with liim to-day, he solemn
ly and earnestly assured your corres
pondent that he was legally married
to the widow Dodsworth that night
in the big barn. Another of the par
ties lives in Clinton county, anil he
has time and again asserted that he is
the woman's true and lawful husband,
so help him Cod. The bachelor is
dead, but were he alive and kicking
lie would renew his oft repeated pro
testations—"I married her, by gum,
and by gum, I ought to have her."
A minister was telling a young girl
who was about to become a bride,
that she must remember that the man
and wife are one. "Mercy said she
"if you were under my father anil
mother's window when they arc
quarreling, you'd think they were at
lcast a dozen.
Many years ago a well-to-do farm
er left llawesville, Ky., to better his
fortune in the west, lie had nearly
passed from the memory of all. The
hearts of his friends beat with joy
when they heard that a postal card
had been received, saying that if he
had not lost his citizenship he would
like to be admitted to the poor-house.
It is well to bear in mind in the
midst of the present general rejoicing
over the favorable out-look i'or the
Republican muse, that the number
eight had a potent significance very
early in the history of the world,
There were just eight souls saved by
the ark at the time of the deluge.—
Toledo lilade.
The Des Moines democrats were all
made happy yesterday afternoon by
a report which some joker got up
about noon and circulated about town
to the effect that the electoral com
mission had counted the vote of Cro
nin. The saloon keepers found it an
pleasant as the democrats, for the lat
ter took the usual way of showing
their happiness.—Register.
An exchange says there is some
thing refreshing in the absolute as
tonishment that visitors to a printing
office sometimes display at the com
monest things. "What is that black
looking thing standing up in that
corner V is sometimes asked by an
'unsophisticated observer, and the
nearest typo answers, "That is the
towel. We always stand it up in tho
JTi omt/n- Ink -Ocean.
When lAmuu 'J't un»l»alI atoopq to folly,
Anl liinN tofi lute that men will lAUiph
WbAt (iiurui run Kooihe hi* ni^luooboljr,
Ami Htop the univcrrial chutVv
Theiv'H only one ran nmke himmlmer,
Ami hi'U- his fchiiim- Inmi every eye
Tlfl Mujor t«eminl John M. Palmer,
Who oclorooufl upon the i»ly!
Chicago Times A Washington
dispatch says that Hewitt, political
invertebrate, upon leaving the house
uncus on Friday evening, remarked
It's all over with us now By "us"
Mr. Hewitt undoubtedly meai^t the
political invertebrates, like himself,
Bayard, Kernan, Willis, et af.
In Spile of all the Oregon
Feb. 23.—Tho Electo­
ral Commission re-assembled In secret
session at lOiiiOand remained in con
sultation on the Oregon case four and
one-half hours. At 3 o'clock, discus
sion being concluded, and Senator
Thurman not having been able to at
tend the sitting on account of illness,
recess was taken in order to ascertain
whether he would prefer coming to
the Capitol or that the Commission
should proceed to his residence and
there transact the business incident to
taking the vote. A committee con
sisting of Senators Bayard and Frc
linghiiysen was appointed for this
purpose, and reported that Senator
Thurman preferred to receive the
Commission at his house at 4 o'clock.
Therefore the other members of the
Commission proceeded in carriages
to Senator Tliurman's residence. Sen
ator Thurman was found confined to
his bed, where he remained during
the proceeding of the Commission.
The Commission was formally call
ed to order by Justicg Clifford, Presi
dent, and a vote was taken on the
following proposition, which had
been informally submitted and dis
cussed but not voted upon dtn ing the
day's session.
Bv Edmunds:
Resolved, That the certificate signed
by E. A. Cronin, J. N. T. Miller and
John Parker, purporting to cast the
electoral vote of the State of Oregon,
does not contain or certify the const!
tulioual votes to which "said State is
Justice Field offered the following
as a substitute:
WHKIIKAS, J. W. Watts, designated
in certificate No. 1 as an elector of the
State of Oregon for President and
Vice President on the day of the
election, viz: the 7th day of Novem
ber, 187'!, held an ollice of trust and
profit under the United States there
Rcsolrcd, That said J. W. Watts
was then ineligible to the office of
elector within the express terms of
the Const Hut ion.
liejectcd—ayes 7, nays 8, as follows:
Ayes Abbott, Bayard, Clifford.
Field, llunton, Payne and Thurman
—7. Nays—Bradley, Edmunds. I*'rc
linghuysen, Garfield, Hoar, Miller,
Morton and Strong—&
Justice Field then offered the fol
WIIEUEAS, At the eleclion Tield the
7th of November, 187(i, in the State
of Oregon for elcelors of President
and Vice President. W. II. Odcll,
W. Watts and J. C. Cartwriglit, re
ceived the highest number of vote
cast for electors, but whereas said
Watts, then holding an olliefc of trust
mil profit under the United States,
was inelligible to the office of elector,
Resolred, That .said Odcll and Cart
wright were the only persons duly
elected at said election, and there was
a failure on the part of the State to
elect a third elector.
IJcjeclcd—aves 7, nays 8—same vote
in detail as the preceding.
Justice Field then offered tlic fol
WIIEUEAS, The Legislature of Ore
gon has made no provision for the
appointment of an clcctor under act
of congress where there was a failure
to make a choice on the day pre
scribed by law, therefore
Resolred, That the attempted selec
tion of a third person by two persons
chosen, was inoperative and void,
liejectcd—yeas 7, nays 8, as above.
Mr. Bayard then offered the fol
lowing resolution
i Resolved, That the vote of W. II.
Odell and the vote of J. C. Cart
wright, cast for l'uthcrford B. Hayes
of Ohio, for President, of the United
States, and Wm. A. Wheeler of New
York, for Vice President of the Unit
ed States, were votes provided by the
Constitution of the United States, and
that the aforesaid Odcll and Cart
wright, and they only, were the per
sons duly appointed electors in the
State of Oregon at the election held
November 7, 1S7(, there having been
a faUurc at the said election to ap
point a third elector in accordance
with the Constitution and laws of the
United States and the laws of Oregon,
and that the two votes aforesaid
should be counted aud none others
for the Slate of Oregon.
Itejected—yeas 7, nays 8, as above.
A vote was then taken on Edmunds
original proposition, and it was
adopted—yeas lo nays none.
Mr. Morton then offered the fol
low big
Resolved, That. W. II. Odell, J. C.
Cartwriglit and J. AV. Watts, persons
named as electors in certificate No. 1,
are the lawful electors of the State ol'
Oregon, and that their votes are the
voles provided for by the Constitu
tion of the L'nitcd States, and should
be counted for President and Vice
President of the United States.
Mr. llunton moved to strike jut
the name of J. W. Watts. Disagreed
to—yeas 7, nays N. Morton's resolu
tion was then adopted—yeas 8, nays
7, as follows: Yeas—Bradley, Ed
munds, I'relingluiysen,Garlield, Hoar
Miller, Morton and Strong. Nays—
Abbott, Hayard, Clifford, Field, llun
ton, Payne and Thurman.
The decision of the Commission
was then drawn up and signed by the
eight members voting in 1 he affirma
On motion of Morton the injunc
tion of secrecy upon the acts and pro
ceedings of the Commission, except
as regards their report to the joint
session of Congress, was removed,
and the Commission adjourned to
meet in the Supreme Court rooui at
at 12 o'clock to-morrow.
The report in suhstancc is as fol
The Electoral Commission hav
ing received certain certificates and
papers purporting to be certificates
of the electoral votes of the State of
(Jregon, and certain papers accom
panying the same and objections
thereto, report that it has duiy con
sidered the same and has decided and
does hereby decide that the votes of
W. II. Odell, J. C. Cartwriglit and J.
W. Watts, persons named in the cer
tificate of the State of Oregon as the
persons receiving the highest number
of votes for Presidential electors are
the votes provided for by the Consti
tution, and that the same are law
fully to be counted as testified fo in
the certificate of said electors, name
ly three votes for Rutherford B.
llayes, of Ohio, for President, and
three votes for William A. Wheeler,
of New York, for Vice President.
The report will further set forth
that the election of Watts by the oth
er two members of the electoral col
lege was in accordance with tlic
constitution and laws of tho State of
(Jregon. The grounds for this de
cision, so far as they concern the
eligibility of Watts, are substantially
that it is competent to go behind the
certificate of the Governor so far as
the same is not founded upon the
action of the canvassing or returning
authority provided lor by the laws of
the Stale, which authority in the
case of Oregon, was held to be the
Secretary of Slate.
The report will also take the
ground that it is not essential to show
that an elector was eligible on the 7th
of November, provided it be shown
that he was eligible when lie cast his
vote in the electoral college, and the
fact appears that the alleged inel
igible elector Watts was chosen to (ill
a vacancy caused by his own absence
from the electoral college, that he
was not ineligible at the time ho cast
his vote.
President Ferry presented the noti
fication of the electoral commission
that the Oregon case was decided.
Logan moved the house be notified.
Agreed to.
After the presentation of the ere
dcntials of Senator elect Ferisy and
an explanation by Bogy, that when
presenting resolutions favoring] the
passage of the Texas Pacific bill, lie
thought both houses of the Missouri
legislature had passed them.
The Senate then went to the cham
ber of the house to resume the count.
Upon rclurn from the House Bar
gent submitted a resolution that the
decision upon the electoral yote of
Oregon sland as the judgment of the
Senate despite objection.
Kelly opened the debate denying
the eligibility of Watts.
Atkins from the appropriations
committee, reported tho army bill.—
Tt reduces the number of cavalry reg
iments to eight artillery .to four and
infantry to It! and prohibits any mon
ey oppropriated by the bill from bc
ing applied for payment of transpor
tation, or subsistence of troops to be
employed in support of the Nicliolls
or Packard governments or of any
other claimant in that state, until du
ly recognized by congress. Ordered
On motion of Holman the senate
amendments to the postoffice appro
priation bill were non concurred in
and a conference ordered. The same
action was taken on the deficiency,
naval and legislative bills.
The speaker appointed as a confer
ence committee on the postoffice bill,
Holman, Blount, and Foster.
A message was received from the
senate that tho senate was ready for
joint convention.
Clark, chairman of the postal com
mittee, reported back the post route
bill. Passed.
The speaker presented a communi
cation from Justice Clifford, saying
the electoral commission had reached
a decision in the Oregon case which
had been transmitted to tlic president
of the cenate.
McMahon offered a resolution di
ecting the clerk of the house to noti
fy the senate that the house would
be ready at 1 o'clock to resume the
Wilson raised the point of order
that nothing was in order but a rcso
lution to notify the senate that the
house was now ready to receive that
body. He therefore offered that res
olution. He wished to call attention
to the fact that the very moment the
commission reported that it had come
to a decision, the hall of the house
was as much at the disposal of the
senate as of the house. The act ar
ranged for the first meeting in the
hall ot the house, but it was a greater
violation of the spirit of the act that
the scnale should ask tho house to
to meet it in the senate chamber than
that the house should shut its doors
and prevent the senate from com ins:
to its ball.
The speaker ruled that McMahon's
resolution was in order, but that Wil
son's resolution could be offered as
a substitute.
TO. VEAS 149 NAYS 87.
The question was then on the reso
lution as amended.
Vance of Ohio endeavored'to make
a motion for a recess till 1 o'clock on
Monday, but was not recognized.
The following members voted in
the negatiqe:
Abbbott, AINSAVOUTII, Aslier,
Atkins, John II Baglcy, Banning,
Blackburn, Boone, Bradford, Bright,
Burcliard, Wise, O'Dcll, Caldwell, of
Alabama, Caldwell, of Tennessee,
Carr, Cate, Caullield, Clark, Mo. Cly
mer, Cochrane, Collins, Cook, Crane,
Cox, Alberson, Davis, Dcbolt, Dibell
Egbert, Field, Finley, Forney, Frank'
1 in, Fuller, Cause, Glover, Hamilton
lnd., Harris, Ga., Harris, Va., Hart
sell, Hooker. Hopkins, House, Hum
phrcys, llunton, Ilurd. Jenks, Knott,
Landers, Jnd., Lane, Levy, Linde
Mackey, Marsh. Metcalf, Mauler
Morrison, Mitchler, Phillips, of Mo.
John Ifeilv, Hire, Itiddlc, Bobbins
N. C., Roberts, Itoss, N. J., Scales
Shcaklcy, Slemons, Southard, Spring'
er, Stanton, Stenger, Stone, Swanu
Terry, Thompson, Tucker, Vance, N,
C., Watldell, Walker Ya., Walling,
Walsh, Whitthorne, Wiggington,
Wykem, N Williams, Ala. Yeats
and Young—89.
McMalion, moved to reconsider the
vote nnd Hale moved to lay the mo
tion on the table.
The last motion was agreed to.
Yeas 17.j Nays 74.
The speaker then directed the clerk
to notify the senate of tho action of
the house.
The two houses of Congress met in
joint convention at noon and the de
cision of the Electoral Commission
touching the votes of Oregon was
read. In brief the ground of the
decision, which is iu favor of all the
Hayes electors, is that said electors
appear to have been lawfully ap
pointed and they voted as such at the
time and in the manner provided for
by the constitution nnd laws, and,the
Commission are further of the opin
ion that by the laws of Oregon the
duty of canvassing the returns of all
votes given at an election for Presi
dent and Vice-President was imposed
upon the Secretary of State and upon
no one else that the Secretary of
State did canvass these returns and
ascertained that J. C. Cartwriglit, W.
H- Odell and J. W. Watts had a ma
jority of all the votes given for
electors and had the highest number
of voles for that oflicc, and bv the ex
press language of tbe Statute these
persons arc deemed elected that in
obedience to his duty the Secretary
of State made the canvass nnd tabu
jated a statement of the votes show
ing this result, which according to
law he placed on file in his oflice on
the 11li of Dec. 1870. All this ap
pears by official certificate under seal
of the Secretary of State and is sign
ed by him and delivered by him to
the electors and forwarded bv them
to the President of the Senate with
their votes that the refusal or fail
ure of the Governor of Oregon to
sign the certificate of election of the
persons so elected docs not have the
effect of defeating their appointment
for such electors that the act of the
Governor of Oregon in giving to E.
A. Cronin a certificate of his election,
though he received one thousand
votes less than Watts, on the ground
that the latter was ineligible, was
without authority of law, and is
therefore void that although the ev
idence shows that Watts was post
master at the time of his election, that
fact is rendered immaterial by his
resignation both as postmaster and
elector, and his subsequent appoint
ment lo fill n vacancy in the Elector
al College.
The Commission has in conae*
quence of the foregoing and upon the
grounds before stated, has decided
that the paper purporting to be the
certificate of the electoral vote of
Oregon, signed by E. A. Cronin, J.
N. T. Miller, and John Parker, is not
such a certificate votes of as is pro
vided for by the Constitution ofthe
United States, and they|ought not to
be counted as such.
The members of the Commission
agreeing to and approving of this
decision are Samuel JF. Miller, Joseph
P. Ilradlcv, W. Strong, George F.
Edmunds, O. p. Morton, Fredrick T.
Frelinghuysen, Jas. A. Garfield, Geo.
F. Hoar.
The presiding officer asked wheth
er there were any objections to the
Senator Kelly objected to the de
cision on the following grounds:
First. That Watts wns not elec
Second. That he was not appoint
Third. That he was disqualified
to receive any appointment as Presi
dential elector or to sit as such as he
held an office of trust and profit un
der the United States.
Fourth. That Cronin was elected
Presidential elector for Oregon and
in accordance with law, and cast a
legal vote as such for Tilden, and
that such vote should be counted.
The objection is signed by Senators
tors Kelly, Whyte, Cooper, McDon
ald, Norwood and Hereford and by
Representatives Lord, Poppleton,
Jenks, Vance, Throckmorton, Wike,
Wiggenton, and Luttrcll. The pre
siding officer asked whether there
were any further objections, and
there being none, he announced that
the Senate would withdraw lo its
After the Senate withdrew, the
Speaker announced a new legislative
day as ruled out of order also the
motion by Lane to take recess till
11:30, it being a dilatory motion.
The Republican side and galleries
loudly applauded this ruling.
Discussion then proceeded on Hale's
order that Oregon's vote be counted.
Yesterday's journal having been
read, Clymer offered a resolution that
for more careful consideration ofthe
report on the Oregon case, the House
take recess till 10 o'clock on Monday.
The Speaker ruled that the question
was not debatable, and Republicans
objected to Clymer giving reasons for
his motion.
Clymer—Do their sido refuse to
hear a statement as to the object of a
Townscud—1 object to debate.
Hancock made and argued a point
of order that under the Constitution
and under the Electoral Law recess
was not in order. In conclusion, he
said, "1 feel as keenly as any other the
mortification of defeat and disap
pointment, but I hope no one will so
tar lose his manhood as fo fail in the
performance of his duty. There is no
authority in either House to procras
tinate, to resort to any legislative or
parliamentary expedients to postpone
the action enjoined upon us by the
Clymer—This is a question of order,
not of ipanhood, ami it seems to he a
work of superrogation to raise this
__ ....
ii mm rWii(WiWW ttH *^«iMiflSt^W1iMiM»i^l»i
further to say that in making the mo
tion I have. 1 done it—
Townsend—I object to debate.
Several other Republicans Let
him go on.
Townsend—Very well.
Clymer (continuing)—As my motive
has been impugned, I have a right to
say that so far as I am concerncu, and
I believe so far as the majority of
those with whom I act are concerned,
thc^ motion is made in good faith.
This Oregon question does involve
issues of the highest importance to all
the people, and if there arc those who
wish to present their reasons for op
posing the finding of the Commission
they should ask for delay, should ask
for tune, should ask for the quiet of
the Sabbath to come over them and
their outraged feelings. [Derisive
laughter on the ltcpublican side.]
They have a right to have it. There
fore, I have made the motion in good
Brown—Is it in order to reply Ao
the gentleman from Pennsylvania?
The Speaker—Not unless it bo on a
point of order. Each side having
been heard, the Chair thinks it is his
duty to confine discussion to the ques
tion of order. The Chair dccidcd
so on the 10th of Feb., on the same
question, in the Florida case, andap
peal being taken from the decision,
the appeal was tabled by a vote of 1T0
to 70. The Chair has since that decision
consulted various persons, whose
names, if lie were at liberty to state
them, would be recognized as those
of men of great parliamentary prac
tice and knowledge, aud hardly one
dissented from the opinion and rul
ing of the Chair. In conclusion he
over-ruled the point of order and dc
cidcd that the motion was in order.
The question was then taken, and
the resolution rejected, Yeas 112,
Nays 158
Lane then moved for recess until
9 :30 on Monday.
Hale made a point that the motion
was dilatory.
The Speaker.—The Chair is unable
to recognize this motion in any other
light than dilatory.
Lane.—It was not so intended.
Speaker.—The Chair is unable to
clasify it in any other way. The
Chair rules that where the Constitu
tion of the United States directs any
thing to be done, and where the law
under the Constitution of the United
States and in obedience thereto di
rects anything to be done by either
house, it is not in order by any mo
tion to obstruct or impede the execu
tion ot that Constitution and law.
Lane insisted on explaining his
motion as a question of privilege and
the Speaker refused to permit it and
a running series of interruptions en
sued much to the amusement of the
Cox hoped the Chair would pre
serve order and clear the floor before
clearing the galleries.
The Chair was unable to see how
business could be proceeded with if
the floor were cleared.
Hale presented the following:
Ordered, that the count of electoral
votes of Oregon shall proceed iu con
formity with the decision of the
Electoral Commission.
Lane offered the following as a
Ordered, that the vote purporting
to be the electoral vote for President
and Vice-President and which was
given by one John W. Watts, claim
ing to be an clcctor from the Slate of
Oregon, be not counted.
8tuck on Pennsylvania.
Special to Courier.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 24.—The two
houses of Congress having resumed
joint convention counted the vote of
Oregon for Hayes and proceeded to
Pennsylvania, when objections were
made to Daniel J. Morrill, one of the
electors of that State, because he was
a centennial commissioner.
The two houses then separated.
The Senate did nothing but await
the decision of the House on the
Pennsylvania case.
Having received notice of the res
ignation of Thurman, member of the
electoral commission, on account of
his physical disability, Kernan was
unanimously chosen to fill the va
Real business began at noon on the
question whether the testimony
should be read which was taken be
fore the House Election Committee
in the caso of Boggs, Pennsylvania
elector, appointed instead of Mor
rill, Centennial Commissioner. The
Veas and Nays were taken, aud stood
Yeas l::i, Nays 110.
The testimony was read.
Kelly moved that the vote of
Boggs be counted.
Springer moved a subststute that
it be rejected.
Kelly said the objection was based
on a principle of law so offer over
ruled, that his side of the house
could submit the question without
Stenger contended under the law
of Pennsylvania, that Boggs was not
entitled io vote as elector.
The Speaker at 12:10 announced a
new legislative day, and after read
ing of the Journal, discussion con
In the course of the discussion
Hewitt again arraigned Hoar for
bad faith, but appealed to Demo
crats to yield to the decision and to
appeal to the ballot box for a reme
dy. Members gathered around him
in excited circles as he closed with
an invocation for peace. He was
a-iked by Cate, why, if the decision
was infamous, he ndvised yielding to
it. Hewitts reply was it was better
to yield than to precipitate anarchy
and revolution.
Cate characterized this as coward
ly, whereupon Yeatcs upbraded
northern Democrats with denouncing
those who yielded as cowards, al
though they had fifteen years ago
when a pinch had come, turned upon
them. There was great excitement
and confusion during some of tlic
scenes in the House.
The discussion having closed,
Stenger's resolution that the vote of
Boggs, Pennsylvania elector, be not
counted was adopted, UiO to ll'.l, aud
the Senate was notified that the
House was reaily to receive the Sen
ate in joint convention.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 2I-44L0 R. M.—
Pennsylvania's! £9 votes was counted
for llayes, wheu objection was offered
to the vote of Rhode Island, on the
ground that Slater, one of the dec
tors, being ineligible. The two
Houses again separated, when a mo
tion for recess of the House, till to
morrow was defeated by 83 to 178.
Our dispatches closed last night
with the defeat of a dilatory motion
of the House to adjourn, pending the
count of the lthode Island vote to
which democrats objected.
Then Mr. Wood moved to recou
sider the vote refusing to take a re
cess, iu order to table it, for tho pur
pose of preventing any delay in
counting the electoral votes. The
yeas and nays were ordered and re
sulted—yeas 182, nays 07.
Mr. O'Brien offered a resolution
that the vote of Slater, of Rhode
Island be not counted.
Mr. Eaincs offered as a substitute a
resolution that it be counted.
After discussion, Eames' substitute
was agreed to without divison.
Mr. Wilson, of Iowa, offered a res
olution that the senate he notified.
Mr. Knott offered as a substitute
that it be notified that the house
would meet tho senate to-morrow at
10 o'clock.
The speaker sustained a point of or
der against Knott's resolution, and
Wilson's resolution was adopted.
The senators at 0 o'clock re-entered
the chamber and the vote of Rhode
Islad was formally announced.
The next certificate was that of
South Carolinia, authenticated by
(Jov. Chamberlain, showing 7 votes
for Hayes and Wheeler. The second
certificate showed seven for Tilden
and Hendricks, with a statement by
the electors showing the absence of
the governor's authentication.
Mr. Cochrane objected to the repub
lican certificate and Patterson to the
democratic certificate.
The objections were: First, tliat
there was no legal election in South
Carolina, for electors on the acoimt
of the absence of proper registration
second, there did not exist a republi
can form of government as guaran
teed by the constitution to every state
third, detachments of the 'United
States army were sustained before
during the election in various
parts of the *tate, thus preventing a
__ full, free aud legal election fourth,
'piestion of order after it has been al-1 United States deputy marshals wore
ready decided four times. I wish at the polls, appointed uuder the pro-
visions of sections 2021 and 2022 of the
United States revised Statutes, which
provisions are unconstitutional, null
and void. These marshals, over one
thousand in number, were arbitrary
and unlawful in their improper
and illegal instructions from the de
partment of justice, and preventing^
fair election. Fifth, there was not in
1870, up to December 10, a state gov
ernment in South Carolina, except a
pretended government set up in vio
lation of law and the federal consti
tution, bv federal authority, and sus
tained by federal troops. The objec
tion is signed by Senators Johnston
and Barnum and by Representatives
Cochrane, Southard, Wood, McMa
hon, Sparks, Poppleton, Rice, Cox,
Eden, Jones, Knott and many others.
The objections to the democratic
certificate is, first, bccause neither
elector was duly appointed second,
because the lists of votes have not at
tached the governor's certificate ns
the law requires third, that_ the pa
pers have not annexed a list of the
names of the above named individuals
as electors fourth, because the re
publican electors were duly appoint
ed and cast their votes as the law
proscribes, for Haves and Wheeler,
and with all proper and legal forms
transmitted the result to the Presi
dent of the Senate fifth, because the
republican electors received the high
est number of votes and the proper
state officers duly canvassed and cer
tified to them,and delivered to them
lists of the electors elected, showing
the above state of facts sixth, that
the lists of votes cast by the republi
can electors have annexed the certifi
cate of the governor of the state ns
the United States revised statutes re
quire seventh, that soid lists have
annexed the names of the electors
chosen, nnd thereto the secretary of
state's seal and the signature of the
governor, according to the state law.
Tbe objection is signed by Senators
Patterson, Cameron, Chrisiianey, and
Representatives Lawrence, Lapham,
Banks, Smalls, lloge and Rainor.
The preiding officer announced that
the objections would go to the com
Tho senate then retired and the
house took a recess till ten o'clock to
The South Carolina Case Submitted
WASHINGTON, Feb. 20.—At :30 the
electoral commission met, all the
members being present, and the
South Carolina case was taken up.
Ilurd and Stoughton were announc
ed as deinocri^ic objectors, and Law
rence and Cliristianev as republican.
Christiancy said the republican ob
jectors would not occupy the whole
iimc allowed them.
Matthews and Shcllabargcr will
be tho republican counsel. The dem
ocratic counsel is not announced.
WIISAINGTON, Feb. 27.—The Elec
toral Commission met at
10 A.M.
Hurd stated that no counsel -would
appear for the objections to the Re
publican certificate, and then sub
mitted reasons why the Commission
shoud rejectthnt certificate, holding
that a Republican form of Covcrn
meiit must exist in a state to give
validity to its vote. He insisted that
if legal disabilities were imposed, or
intimidation practiced, a Republican
form of (iovcrnment was not main
tained, and proposed to show by
testimony taken by the House Com
mittee, that both conditions existed.
Hurd held that as the constituiion
of South Carolina required the reg
istration of electors, and as that re
quirement was utterly ignored, the
election was void.
He next went to the objection that
the presence of U. S. troops in the
State overawed the people, and pre
vented tlic free expression ofthe will
of the people. He read the procla
mation of the President of Oct. 17th,
"declaring that insurrection existed
in the State," and contended that the
clause of the Constituiion authorizing
the interference of the Federal Cov
crnmcntcoiitcmplatcd an insurrection
against, or resistenceto State author
ity, andnot disturbances between in
individual citizens of the State.
Rifle clubs riding up and down mur
dering some peaceable citizens, as
stated in the President's proclama
tion, he argued did not amount to
such insurrection against the United
States or State aathorities as war
ranted an intervention in the affairs
of the State. The presence of troops
was not to keep the peace but to in
tluence the election.
AV'lion lluid hail finished, Cochrane
stated that Judge Itlnck mid Mr.
Blair would appear as counsel for
objectors to certificate No. 1. They
had been uncertain whether they
could attend, but were now here.
Cochrane then submitted certain
proffers of proof which lie proposed
to make good if admitted by the
Commission, as follows:
1. That there had been a failure of
registration as provided by tho State
constitution, and through* such fail
ure, over thirty thousand fraudulent
votes for llayes had been cast.
2. That in August, ls70, large
numbers of soldiers had been sent in
to the State under (ieu. Rugcr, who
telegraphed that all was quiet
and 110 more troops were need
ed, and that if more were need
ed he would call for them.
That, notwithstanding this, the next
day, October 17th., ihe President
issued his Proclamation and a large
number of additional troops were
sent into state That during I«70
there was 110 time, when the state au
thorities could preserve peace.
II. That troops were sent into the
state without the request of tho legis
lature, which could have readily been
•1. That troops were sent, not to
quell insurrection and (.reserve peace,
but to overawe voters and influence
the election and that they were pres
ent at the polls and did intimidate
and influence voters.
!j. That the presence of troops em
boldened the most desperate negroes
and that in lieaufort and Charleston
they inaugurated riot and violence iu
which they were protected by the
state officers, that the police of
Charleston composed, mainly of des
perate negroes, employed its time in
shooting down inoffensive white citi
zens that negroes at the polls were
armed and prevented colored men
who would have voted the democrat
ic ticket, from doing so that the
state militia, consisting of the worst
class of negroes, were at the polls and
assisted in preventing colored men
from voting the democratic' ticket
that one of the electors, who was sher
iff ofcharlcslon county, (.'. C. Bowcn,
appointed hundreds of deputies who
went abroad, arresting citizens at
their pleasure, unwarraiitedly inter
fering with the election, and that U.
S. Marshals in large numbers were
at tho polls interfering with the free
vote by the people ofthe state.
Lawrence argued for the Republi
cans that want of registration had no
effect 011 the election, and briefly
argued that the South Carolina gov
ernment was Republican, lie denied
that troops had been stationed in the
state without authority of law, and
demonstrated that the necessity ot U.
S. Marshals at the polls was an abso
lute and constitutional necessity.
Field from the committee 011 priv
ileges and elections reported a biji
providing that in case of a failure to
elect a President, that the President
of the Senate, or in case of a vacancy
in that office, the speaker of the
House, or failing that the Secretary
of State shall assume the ollice until
a President shall have been elected.
Burcliard raised the point of order
that the committee has no authority
to report by bill.
Bpeclsl to tin- Courier.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 27—:I :15 P.M.'
The resolution ofl'ered under a sus
pension of the rulex, by Schleicher,of
Texas, recognizing the Hampton and
Nichols governments, has been re
yca«, 1.50 nays, l3—not the
requisite two-thirds in tho affirma
WASHINGTON, Feb. ^.—Secretary
Robeson says that if the proposed
reduction is innde in the appropria
tion for the pay of the oflicers and
men ofthe navy serving abroad, the
ships and crews will have to be
brought home at once.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 20.—The com
mittee on privileges of the house, will
report a bill to provide for tempo
rarily filling any vacancy occurring
in the oflicc of President, in flic event
of there being no constitutional dec
laration of elect ion before, the com
mencement of the regular term.
The bill provides that if the senate
be in session at the couimenceniont of
the new term, the presiding oflicer
shall act as President of the U. S. un
til a President shall be elected and
qualified in accordance with the con-
stitution and existing law. But if
the sennte be not then in session the
{redding officer, last elected by that
ii- bcconic the president of
the United States, to serve until the
vacancy shall be regularly filled—
provided that such last presiding of
ficer shall not have ceased to be a
member of tbe senate on the fourth
of March, and pr"ovid.,i also he be
possessed of the constitntional quali
fications as to age nnd nativity. The
bill also provides that in a possible
contingency of there being no such
presiding or ex-presiding officer of
the senate, the speaker of tho house
shall act as president. The bill looks
to a new presidential eleclion next
Nov., and in the event of temporary
occupant being installed, he would be
entitled to continuance in office un
der provisions above referred to, un
til the fourth of March 1878.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 20.—The Secre
tary of the Treasury expects to issue
a ten million bond call to-day.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 26.—C. C.
Adams, appointed a clerk in the
Treasury Department, under Secreta
ry Bristow, and subsequently in the
Special Agents' bureau, has been re
Frank W. Palmer is nominated
postmaster at Chicago vice McArthur.
Palmer is well known throughout the
West as former able editor of the
Chicago Infcr-Occan. and latterly a
member of a committee which has
been inquiring into fast mails.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 27.—Argument
In the South Carolina case befVvre the
electoral commission closed at 1 :10
p. m. and recess was faked till l:l.r
when a session for consultation will
be held.
WASHINGTON. Feb. 27.—Field's bill
passed, two demorats voting against
it and one republican, Purniaii. for it.
The Iowa Deaf and Dumb Asy
lam Burned Down.
Many Mutes Supposed to Have
Perished InLtheFlamoa-JNro
at Philadelphia.
COUNCIL I'.I.vvi s, Feb. 24.—The
Iowa Institution for tho deaf and
dumb at this place caught lire about
one o'clock this niorn'iig
the en­
tire building is now in flames, the fire
being beyond control. It is reported
that a large number of mutes were
cut off from escape nnd have perished
in the llamcs. The building is located
some three miles from the city, and it
is impossible at this hour to ascertain
tho truth of the rumor as to the los
of life or other details.
Pnii,AnF.r.rniA,.Feb. 24.—At 12:50 a
fire broke out 011 the stage of Fox'i
new American theatre, and at 1 a. 111
the whole placc was in tlames. Th
tire spread with remarkable rapidity
and communicated with. Rogers
wagon warehouse. The mercantil
library building was in danger, aud
also the New York Mutuafs new
building, at Tenth and Chestnut Sts,
All had left the theatre before the fire
broke out* The building was a hand
some one and was erected about 1870,
Iowa Deaf and Dumb Asylum
Corx 11, BI.I'KFS, la., Feb, 20.—Yes
tcrdoy morning the Deaf and Dimil
Institution, some miles from this city
was destroyed by fire (which caught
probably from the gas). Before wa
tor could be applied by the hose about
the building the lire had gained con
trol of the upper portion and com
polled the occupants, teachers, officers
and the unfortunates to leave the
building. There was 110 loss of life
and all of the 15'J pupils escaped
without serious injury and with most
of their cll'ccts, Some of the cm
ployecs lost everything. Some build
ings belonging to the institution re
main and will accommodate about
half of the children. The total loss
is estimated at $100,000. No insur
anee. The distance of the buildin
from the city has rendered means of
information vcrv difficult.
CHARLESTON, Feb. 20.—Tho UTars
and Courier has interviewed (iov
Hampton, who says concerning the
proper course for Democrats in Con
gross: I think its not advisable
throw obstacles in-the way of a de
cision of the Electoral Commission.
We submitted our case to that tribu
nal, and we can better afford to suffer
defeat, which brings 110 dishonor to
our party, than to incur the imputa
tation of acting in bail faith.
Failed and Cono into Bankruptcy.
CHICAGO, Feb. 26.—The failure and
defalcation of Postmaster John. Mc
Arthur, is the subject of much com
ment. anil universal regret. Mr.
McArthur hehl a high business and
social standing in the community, and
has hitherto been considered one of
tlie^ staiincbent and most reliable of
Chicago's citizens.. He tirst became
involved to the amount, of about .flt),
(.KfO by the failure of the l.'ook Coun
ty National I'.ank, two years ago, and
though the governineni assumed half
the responsibility, which amount it
was supposed would be '-overcd by
the asselw of the bank. Mr. McArthur
has never been able to replace the
sum. Hesiiles (bis he became involv
ed in tho iiiiMiccessful operations of
his large iron foundry, on tlic North
Side, and took money from the gen
eral poKtoflice department to lid.e
matters over until a loan could be
negotiated from some Scotch capital
ists. lie expected also to be ennbied
to dispose favorably of some portion
of his foundry, but iu all his schemes
for replacing the money, he was nn
suecei'sfiil, anil consequently filed his
petition in bankruptcy last Saturday
afternoon. The matter was kept pro
foundly secret until yesterday. His
petition shows a total liability of
about ipl(!7,KKJ assets, .«20),00a Of
the debts, are due the I'liifed
Slates (ioverniiient $2,500 to the
jlliuois Soldiers' Home, of which lie
is the treasurer. The assets consist
chiefly of the iron foundry property.
It is believed that the govornnient
will lose notliing, being amply ueeured
by the bonds.
A Petition.
ST. T.OI IS, Feb. 20.—A petition ad
dressed to tho democratic members
of the l.ower House of Congress,
earnestly praying that they oiler no
factious opposition to the electoral
count, but on the contrary permit it
to proceed ns rapidly as possible, was
numerously signed on'Change to-day
by men of all parties.
Chlcago Livestock
Corn—fairly active but lower at
cash, 40?«c Ap'il, «ini} UJtfc
hits—nominal at 33'io cash, and
gillie April.
tye—S:ic. Barley—flrm at 18'iff 10.
Pork—linn and higher at $1-1155
cash, and #1-1 00 April.
L,ard—linn anil higher $! 70 cash,
and $1) 85 April.
Whisky—$1 00.
81 Ijonlii llarkct-
ltn#it1*N! for ffmtinn fa***
lly The other lor Hornet*
and Aninitil*.
Tlipire jnitnsnf, nre mmpi the wonder ot tlie
CHICAGO, Feb 27.
I By Telegraph.)
Hogs—Ueceipls 11,000 head, Dull,
weak and lower. Common to choice
light arc quotable at from
mixed packing at from"2.'»«f)0
heavy lioston at from $5 (iOo' iKJ, and
Philadelphia)* .ftif.tti 25.
Cattle—l)iill. Receipts'fi.OOO head.
fjjihlcitBo JH*rli«t,
CUICAOO, Feb, 27.
lly Telegraph.1
Wheat —heavy and weak but active
and 2cents lower 22^' for cash,
fl 211-, for April, and .$1 28'., for
ST. I/mis, Feb. 27,
[By Telegraph.
Wheat—lower. No. 2 Kali $1 42o
•lll'o. i\O. II Fall, 4*1 Ii7(e
Lanl—dull ut $9 50.
fl 00.
Corn—Ioivr at (i:j7o.
Oats—inactive :i3u bid.
Hurley—lower strictly choice Min
nesota !)0e.
fork—tinner at $1510 cash.
Live Stock Sfnrket.
By Telegraph.]
ST. LOUIS, 1'YII. '_'7.
Hogs—Kecolpts'.MX) head. Dull and
lower. Light grades are quotable at
from $4 [email protected] 00, |iaekin^rut iVotu &(•$
!i 20, and butchers at$f 25(« 50.
Whaler Lost.
LJN IWJN, Feb. 27.—The Whaling
steamer, Spitsbergen, was lost near
Bergen, with all hands, 22 persons.
less than lnirvel-
The White I.lnlinnin i« for the tinman
family. It win ilrlve Klieinnattsm, Sciatica nnd
Ncnriiltfla from tlin system cure I.urobnj?,'!, chil
Watns, T.ooklaw,
4« Dey street, New York.
PiK-lici'fl Csntorta Is a complete sulnti
stnte for Castor oil, and Is as pleasant to take as
Honey. It is pnrtlcnlarly adapted to Teething
and irritable children. It destroys worms, assim
ilates the food, regulates the Stomach and cures
Wind Colic. Few remedies are as etlicaclons for
iv-verlahness, ('roup, Worms and Whooping
Cough, Castorlaisa scientific and pnrely veg
etable preparstlon, more effective tlian Castor Oil
and nri: her gigsnr gripes, Prepared by Messrs
•1, I!, Uosi- .V Co,, 1C Iley Street, Xew York, from
the rcclpeof SaTr iicl 1'lie.hor, M, I,, of Barnsta
ble, Mai-s,
Feb. 21 3mw 4 change.
The Most Wonderful Discovery
of tlic 19tli On fury.
For Consumption.
And "all Diseases" of the Throat, i best anil
Lungs. The only Medicine of tho Kind
in tno World,
A Kub*tltnte for ",'ol-Ilvcr Oil.
Oorcs Coughs, Col.lg, i'-t!,irr:i, Asthma, Croup.
Whooplcg-t'ough, Sore throat. Loss of Voice,
Night Hwvats, lironcliltls, lile'dlng Lungs and
Arabian Tonic Blood Pnrifier.
Which differs from all other preparations In its
S AU lil.OOU.
It Is purely vegetable, cleanses tho system of all
Imparities, hullilH It riplit iquare.op, and make*
Pure, ltleh II.O.MI. It uiren s-rriifulnus l^neHm-H
of all Viiiuls, ri-nn vi iVni.l.lpHilon nnd regulates
Ihe liovrels. Knr "SI1IVOI s ni ltllM ri
•l.tl.NT VIT AI. IT V mill ,DAMIII»II,'
and "Itrolirii-dowii «iHtliu«lon*," I
"challenge the l»th eentnrylo produce Its equal.
Every bottle ie Worth Its Weight in .lold.
n.ii i: ti.oo run HOTTI K—FIX
July 19 lKTr.-w*»Wil
Test of Merit.
The RTcat success i.t Vegoline in curing sucli
diseases as Scrofula, inherited in the Mood to
gether with tlie increasing di-ninnd
•-'no, IS I itisivn^viili tii-e of its actual merit
Mw.lifiim wurt fver lu ton* tlio pu)Ii«»
with PI nuu li positive itH ivui vniur as
tho uhi'iNK, whi. has ctinni nuniv case* of
btTofuhi of fiv\ ton and twvuty stau«lhj£,
wb«*rr» tho Kit lent hna la»l |thv»iciatis,
tiirii many «.f tho known renuMlit:? aiul, after
:\r NH*
..oat Cutaneous
Ernptloap It extracts front from frozen hands
and fost, an-1 tlic llsnn of venomoos reptiles- it
anlxlnea swellings nti.l alleTlates pain of every
kind. When sprains of lnnlses occnr It I* the
most potent remedy ever il «roverol to heal the
Injnrert parts. The Cen.aur J.inimpnt 1.1 med
with great eillcncy for Sore Thro»t, Toothache
Caked Breaat. Karai he, and Weak Uack.
The following Is but a sample of numerous testi
BOMI, .lefT.Co., Inrt.,Muy 18,78
I think it my duty ,0 Inf rra yon that I hard
Butiered much with a WOIIIMI f*el n itl
*, icT homes (i' I'Hitiinr l.iuihient 1ms clone
lie work for inc. 1 not lu'On fre -from
these awe ling» lor «'luht y«ni» Now I am
perfectly well. Ti.e l.lniincnt onght to l.n applied
r.BNJAMIN imowN."
The proof In in the trial. It Is reliable, ttli
handy, it is choup, and every family should have
the White Centaor Molment.
The Veliew Contour l.mimnnl 1«
adapted to the tough irniM- cs, cords and ilesh of
horses anil aniniala. II has performed more won
derful enrea, in three years, of Spavin, Strain,
Wlnd-?ails, Scratches, Sw?eny, and irenarat
lameness,than all other remedies in existence.
Rsul what, Ihe great K.\presumed iky of it:
"NKW YORK, .January, 1874.
"Everf owner of horses should give theCen
'.Vf *r'a' We i niishlcr it the beat
article ever used incur stables.
MA"SH, Supt. Adams CxSlaldea, N Y
K. I T/., supt. I'. s Ex S'ahles. N Y
AL1.I.NI 8. OLlN.-'upt. Nat. Ex Stables NY
The beatpatrons of this f,lnlnu-nt are Farriers
and eterinary Surgennfl, who are continually
using some liniment. It heals Oalls, Wonndiand
1'olf-KvlI, removes .Swellings, and la worth mill
ions of dollar* annually to rimers, Mvery-men,
Stock-growers. Sheep raisers, tiki 1,'ioae ha
horses or cattle.
What a Farrier cannot do for $30 the dentMr
Liniment will do at a trilling cost.
These I.inlments are sold by all dealers through
out the conntry. They are warranted by the
proprietors, and bottle will lie given to any
Farrier or Wiyslcian who desires to teat tliem.
nn. h. i).
Arabian ^atkSiiowE'S
Liver Pills.
They cleanse the Liver and Moinach thoroughly,
renioveconstipation, laillousiiefF, Ac., nndreint
late the Ilowtls.
rilKJS 45 its. PER BOX-F1VR FOlttl.OO.
hould upe nil tftreo of ihe ftiiovc
Williamson & Fi .ley, Urcffglfitfi,
Sole Agents „r OT'H MWA, IOWA.
1II. 8. D. HOWE, Proprietor, New Yolk.
ivmark in,
n u t8i!trt'r*uUy, worksditlVrontlv.from RIIV
ine.lu mo 1 have t-vor tukt n.1' VKukriKE wlfl
clvuuso Si-rofula l'min tho system. Try it*
Unprecedented Merit.
tt o llns ritv, «l:tn. 1st, I87C.
nr Sir: Knr man?
Tears I have aH!ii i. «l «ith a huniT in the
biox1 which lina!!.y into s nM Head,
una only thoso who jiro sinulai lv aiHMed ran
roah/» the ilU'tgwubto Fiilferini: on., is
lM'Jleil to iitluro with Ihin fnmplaint. For a
{"iitf June my iir-al was in a dreadful condition.
1 used various kiiuhwf n-nx and rm-didnea.
joino.d \vhhdi was especially jir«-par«'d for ine.
I t?'»t no bettor,--indeed, constantly «rew worse,
the surface of my head heinjj entirely covereu
with sores of tho most aggravated nature. Thia
was my condition when I commenced taking the
Vi'.tH'. iiNK- which lam pleased to inform you
and tho public (ir you choose to make it public),
has niado a compieto and sat ifdai tury cure of
iny disease aiul i shall ahvayg deem it* ft great
pleasure to mention tlio unprecedented merit of
V Koi:niE« 1 remain, very thankfully.
irAkU:S Ii. SMITH.
338 Fourth street, South iiosto
Alt Diseases of the Blood.
If JM- will relieve pain,cleanse, puriTy
•nil• I'lirit mii'li ili»i'.iM'S, 1-i-sl.irlnn tlic latlent lo
perfect health after tryingditrerent physicians,
mairy remedies, sulferin^ for years, is it not con
clusive proof, if you «'tre n guiterer, you can lw
NS hy is thin medicine perfoVmintr Ructi
great cures? It works iu the blood, In tho
truly ho called tho
GJthA 1 UIJOOD ITUIK1KU. Thogiva18ourc«
disease originates in the blood nid no med
icine that docs not act directly upon it, to |»urify
and renovate, haa any ju&t claim ui.on public
Seventy-one Years of Age.
Mft. STEVENS,—Dear Sir: am Hventy-ono
years of ago have nutYered inanv years with
Kidney Complaint, weakness in iny back am!
stomach. 1 was iuti-iced by friends to try your
VKUKT^ SK, and I think it is tho best mediciMa
for weakness if tho Ridnevs I ever used,
have tried many remedies Tor thid complaint,
and never lnitnd 60 much relief as from tho
i:iKTi\i:. Jt strengthens aud invigorates tho
whohj system. Many ol my netjiutlmances hava
taken it, ami I believe it to be u«od for all
couiplnltits lor which it is recommended
Yours truly, JosiAII Ji. SilKitMAy,
Reliable Evidence.
Mn. If. It. STI.VUVS,—hear Sir: I will mosfc
elieerlully add my loKtiinonv to the great num
ber you havo already received IN favor ot your
great and good medicine, VIXSKTINK, FOR 1 do
Hot tlduk enough can be said in its praise, for I
was troubled over years with that dreadful
dlaense, Catarrh, and had etich bad enughiug
Bpells that it would seem us though 1 never
could breath any more, aud VKGKJINK has
cored me, and I do feel to thank iod all the
time that there Is BO good u mediciuo as YHUK
TINK, aud I also think it one of the best medi
cines for coughs and weak, sinking feelings at
tlie stomach, and ad vise everybody to take tho
VhorTiNK, for 1 «an assure them" it is one of
the best ineuiciucd that ever was.
Mi:s. L. (JOKE,
Cor. Magazine aud Walnut BUH
Cambridge, MUM.
CrTARi.iisrou N, Maas,, March 10, IRfiO.
Tw. Si I.VI:N.S,—Dear Sir: 'I his is to certify
that I have used
Hlood Preparation
In my r.'imily fur pevi-ml yuare, and
think that for Scrofuli) ami CankerotiA Hu
IIIOI or Kheunmtie A flection* it cannot be ex
celled umlasa BIO«MI Purilier and spring medl
Irlne it ia tbo IKJ.HI thinjj I have ever lined, and I
have lined almost everything. 1 can cheerfully
recommeud it to any one in need ol such 4
aediciue. Your* respectfully,
A, A.
llfltussell street*
Vegetine is Sold by All Druggist*.-
Hide, Tallow,
And Wool House
In Niek ItetarV Grain Warehouse
The Highe&t Prices Paid, fbp
the above Article?.
BranchIlmuea 98 High St. Boston: 117 and 129
ilatnpaUire Quincy, III.

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