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Ottumwa weekly courier. (Ottumwa, Wapello County, Iowa) 1872-1899, August 15, 1877, Image 2

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For Governor.
of Dro Motm-* «mnt».
i For T.imtMKn: (tovcrnor.
i. -h.
of.'asper oonnty.
Fi»r Supremo «Tmljre.
*•*. JAMK80. HAY.
•f Fremont county.
Pnr £ii|wrlntMdent of Public tnltNMlMt.
iFor Senator,
Oooaty Snt*rintetnent ol- Mioola,
CLAY wopn.
Adopted ot the Republican Slatt Convention, June
27M, 1S7T.
Acting for the Republican party of Iowa, by
its authority Mid to it* name, this Convention de-
I. The I'nlled Stitesof America la a nation not
league. By the combined working* of th«
National and State Governments tinder their re
spective constitutions the rights of every citizen
should te eacnreri at home ami protect*
1 abroad
and the common welfare promoted. AnJ failure
on the pah or eUhtr the National or State Gov
ern meat to nee every possible
oonstltutlonal pow
er to afford ample protection to thcircitixene, both
at home and abroad, la a criminal neglect of their
highest obligation.
t. The BepnbUean pert has preserved these
OovemiuanU to the commencement of the eeoond
ontary of the nation'a existence. and the princi
ples on which they are embodied in the jrreat
truths spoken at Its cradle, that "all men an
waled eqtial "lhat they "are endowed by their
creator with oertain inalienable rights, among
which are life, liberty and the pursuit of happi
ness that fbr the attainment of these ends govern
ments have been Instituted among men, deriving
their Just powen from the ooneent of the gov
erned." which contest is evidenced by a majority
nf the Inwfol suffrages of the citizen* determined
in pursuance of law. Until these truth* are uni
versally recognized and cheerfully obeyed, the
work of the Republican party Is unfinished and
the Hepnbttcaa party of Iowa will stand by its
colors and l|kl the food light to the end.
8. The permanft pacification of tin- Southern
aecticm ofthe Onion, and the complete protection
of all its citizens in the free enjoyment of all their
rights is a daty to which the Republican party
xtand sacredly pledged The power to provide
Ibr the enforcement of the principle* embodied in
the leeent Constitatlonal
by these Amendments in the
nta,Is vested
Congress of the
I'nited States, and we declare it to be the Solemn
obligation of the legislative and executive depart
ment ot the Government to put into Immediate
and vigorous exercise all their constitutional
rs for mi
novlngany Just causes of discontent
oa the part of any class and for securing to every
American citizen complete liberty and exact
e^aaUty la the exercise of all civil, political and
poblloriahts. To this end we imperatively de
mand of Congress and of the Chief Executive a
courage and fidelity to these duties which shall not
falter until their results are placed beyond dispute
or reoalL.
4. The public credit should tie sacredly main
tained. and all the obligations «f the Government
honestly discharged we favor the early attainment
of a currency convertible with coin, and, there
fore advocate the gradual resumption of specie
jjjfMitliy continuous and steady steps In that
5. The silver dollar having been the legal unit
of valae irom the foundation of the Federal Gov
ernment until 1873, the law under which Its coin
age was iwnadsA should be repealed at the ear
liest poasttMs day, and silver made with gold a
legal tender for ihepayment of all debts, both
public and private. We also believe that the pres
ent volume of the legal tender currency should be
maintained until the waats of trade and commerce
demand its Anther contraction.
6. The tnveetmsnt of capital In this State sho'd
lie enooersged by wise and liberal legislation, but
we condemn the policy of granting subsidise at
the pablic expense to either individuals or corpo-
ns for their private use.
7. We demand the most rigkl economy In all
departments of the government, and that taxation
be limited to the actual wants ol'the public ex
8. We fkvor a wisely adjusted tariff for n vpsus
V. We hold it to be a solemn obligation of the
electors of Iowa to be earnest In securing the elc r
tton to all poaittons of pablic trust men oi hon
esty and conscience: to the administrative offices,
men who Will ffcithfolly administer the laws to
the legislative ofieea, men who will represent up
on all quest ions the beat sentiment of the people,
and who will labor eamestlv tor the enactment ol'
such laws as the beet tateresla of society, temper
ance, and good order shall demand.
IS. We rejoice in the honorable name of Iowa
that we
are proud of the States' ashlevemsnta, of
the degree of purity with which Its public aflalrs
have been conducted, and ofthe soundness of Its
credit at heme and abroad. And we pledge to do
whataoever may be done to preserve unsullied the
State's reputation in these regards.
11. We are in favor of tlie rigid enforcement of
our present prohibitory liquor law, and any
amaadment thereto that will render its provisions
more effective in the suppression of intemperance.
JtaK Gen. John Gibbon who rode
til to the Custer trap in Montana,
with such fatal results, is Colonel of
the 22d Infantry regular army.—
He is a Philadclphian who was
one of Grant's corps commanders
in the army of the Potomac.
He came near sharing the fate of
Custer in spite of the fact that he is
reputed one of the best officers in the
Somebody will get drowned by
this foolishness yet. The fact that
two or three reckless persons have
crossed the Atlantic safely in small
boats seems to have inspired another
one of the same sort to undertake a
voyage around Capo llorn, and pos
sibly the globe, in a similar craft. It
is at New Bedford, Mass., the little
boat is building to perform this per
ilous and unnecessary voyage.
GAII, HAMILTON is indeed raising
quite a gale at Washington. She first
pummeled Joe Medill with amazing
energy and effect, and now Carl
Schurz is wincing under her scathing
review of him. Joe plumply said she
lied, and Schurz is so stung to the
quick that he adopts Joe's blunt Sax
on. Won't there be a good chance
for investigating committee's next
Winter if this woman don't let up.
ENULISH crop reports, under date ot
August 7th, represent wheat, barley
as heavy in the fens, but badly laid by
the rain. Almost everywhere the
fields have a more or less dingy ap
pearance, which betokens blight The
wheat will most likely fall short of
an average crop. The millers, how
ever are buying sparingly yet of for
eign wheat. The main dependence
for foreign supply this year will be
America, as France will have little
to spare, and farther east the war
Will take the whole crop. The prices
of wheat, for the week, have hardly
beat maintained, but corn was a trifle
It is said that Gen. Geo. B. McClel
lan has prepared an article for a forth
coming magazine, in which he dem
onstrates that the arm}' could be
doubled in size without greatly in
creasing its expense, provided the
philandering it up and down the face
of the earth was stopped.
The Inter-Ocean says on this point:
"Army officers of long experience
are of the opinion that an army of
6(^000, located where they would do
the most good, would cost no more
than an army of '25,000, including the
enormous expentte of the constant
transportation of guch a small force.
This inay be an exagerated estimate,
it is very certain that there ig no
economy in keeping up the beggarly
account of empty ranks which now
show front in time of need."
Inter-Ocean corrects a preva­
lent mistake as to tlie legal status of
the silver dollar.
The silver dollar was a unit of value
and a legal tender for all sums by the
act of 1792, and no change was made
until by the act of 1873, its coin
age was
dropped, though its legal ten
der character was not changed. Then
followed the present revision of the
U. 8. statutes and the language of the
act of 1873 was changed through
the process ot compression and con
solidation of the then existing stat
utes, and by this means the old silver
dollar was placed in the list of coins
which have the legal tender quality
only to the extent of live dollars.
This is apparent by reference to the
Revised Statutes Sec. 3586, which
The silver coins of tho United
States shall be a legal tender at their
nominal value for any amount not
exceeding five dollars in any one pay
After this legislation by the act of
July 13,1876, the trade dollar provid
ed for by the act of 1873 was stripped
of its legal tender character.
THE Chicago
Tribune is after
Blaine since the Maine convention, in
itsDNial dithopwt m&nncr It ootild
liot give him (lie least credit for his
exertions to preserve peace in tlwt
convention. It intimates that he pot
up the fuss in onler that he mljrlit
appear in the role of peace-maker.
This is in keeping with the true ehar
arter of the editors of that paper.
Their hate is implacable, anil they arc
in the predicament of a great many
people, viz thev arc so ilrunk with
dishonesty themselves that they im
agine everybody is drunk with the
ssifie disease. The TWSwne further
gays that the resolution is unfair
as passed by the convention stating
that in sixteen Southern States the
whole political power is consolidated
iu tlie democratic party, and infer
ential!) lays this state of things at the
door of the present Administration.
Now if the above is not true, if ihese
States arc not solidly democratic, and
did not become so under the present
Administration, wc would be glad to
have the Tribune show the first prop
osition to be untrue and as to the
next, wc would ask if tliev hare not
become so under Haves' administra
tion! then liow did Hayes become
President If they had been demo
cratic under Grants administration,
then certainly Hayes was not elected.
The Republicans of Maitie did well
in convention. There was plenty of
room for sharp discussion and trou
blc as to the President's policy,and in
deed, it seemed imminent at one time.
The advocates, pro and con, were nu
merous and spirited. The Hon. .Tas.
G. Dlaine stepped into the breach,
however, and did noble work. He
distinctly asserted, in eflect that there
was no just and adequate cause for
difference among Republicans: that
he would as strongly oppose a eon
demnation of the President's policy
as lie would an indorsement of it
11c moved to lay all resolutions pend
ing upon this point upon the table,
and it was done by an overwhelming
vote. His action and the consequent
action of the convention was just and
proper. "Wc hail the action of the
Maine convention with acclaim. Rc
pnblicans would commit suicidc and
tickle the Democracy by senseless dis
sension among good and honest men
differing only as to the means to be
used to seek a common and much de
sired end, viz the reign of peace and
quiet and national unity throughout
the wholo country, coupled with the
universal civil equality of all men.
A SPECIMEN- brick of a democratic
convention was that of the democracy
of old Virginia, this week. It opened
Wednesday, the 8th inst., and was
obliged to adjourn without doing
anything for the whole day more
thau to make a kind of temporary
organization. The Chairman tried to
make a speech, but the convention
would not listen to him, and like a
pack of howling wolves, a dispersion
of them was a necessity.
They met again the next day, and
though the uproar was a little lessen
ened, nearly tho whole day was con
sumed in wrangling and violent
speech-making. Two ballots were
had for Governor, with a half dozen
candidates in the field. A large por
tion of the convention, with Mahone
for Governor, were out and ont repu
At 9:30 A. M., on Friday, the Con
vention again assembled, and at once
commenced tho battle for the nomi
nation for Governor. Intense excite
ment prevailed, not only in the con
vention, but throughout the city of
Richmond. Such convcntiousare the
natural sequence of the ignorance,
disloyalty and untamed character of
a people—such as Henry A. Wise once
boasted of iu Congress, saying that
nineteen out of every twenty of his
constituents could not read.
Finally as night closed in on Friday
F. W. Holiday was nominated for
governor on the 7ili ballot, Gen. Ma
hone having been withdrawn in his
favor. Gen. James A. Walker was
nominated for lieutenant governor,
and Raleigh T. Daniels for attorney
general. Three long days were con
sumed in a square democratic shindy,
(when the whiskey is supposed to
have run low), before reaching a re
THE lateBt reports from'the siat'-of
war in Europe represent the C/.ar as
lying inactive, awaiting his reinforce
ments, and the Turks adding to the
fortifications occupied by their var
ious armies. It is apparent that the
Russians learned a lesson by their re
cent defeat at Plevna, which was of
sufficient importance to convince them
that their march to Constantinople is
not a matter of course. The result of
that battle was a severe shock to RiiS'
sian pride and their assumption of
superiority over the Turks. The Czar
so feels it, and ho is determined that
it shall not be repeated if he can help
it. This lesson, though learned amid
disaster is very valuable to the Rus
sians, It would seem at this distance
and with our limited knowledge of
the situation, that the Turks failed in
not following up their advantage aft
er the battle of Plevna. It would
seem as though if they had struck the
Russians hard and rapidly after their
defeat that it would have been at'
tended with good results for the
Turkish cause. This,the Turks did not
do, and it is presumed they thought
tho Russians would continue to at
tack them, aB at Plevna, in their en
trenched positions. Wo think tho
Czar has learned a lesson, and will
now adopt the practice of turning
their flanks, thus rendering the occu
pation of their entrenched positions
impossible, rather than giving the
Turks battle in them. In other words,
we believe that the Russians learned
enough in the battle of Plevna to not
underestimate the power and bravery
of their enemy, and that the latter
may no longer expect to be attacked
in positions of their own choosing.
Addod to the defeat at Plevna, the
Russian soldiers, from the rugged
temperature of their homes in the
north, aro now suffering from the
miasma of the more southern latitude,
and this will decimate rapidly, for a
time, the Russian armies. All this,
however, will only protract tho war.
l-Tnkgg strong armed intervention in
VirtuiH of Turkey occurs, she will go
down before the immense power of
Nicholas, but it will not be in this sea
son campaign. The Czar has got a
much bigger thing on his hands than
he anticipated,
Temporally and financially speak
ing, all this is to result to our good
as a nation, and we conftdently look
for an era of prosperity
1o soon set in
upon us.
The evil genius of ltobort Toombs
has prevailed in the Georgia Consti
tntional Convention, and the State has
repudiated $8,000,000 of its bonded
indebtedness. In regard to the re
pudiation of a portion of these bonds
the Hon. Alexander Stephens said:
A refusal to pay tliesc boml* is nothing thort of
public swindling, not lessiulkmous than theob
tainment of money by an individual upon false
pretenses uml representations.
As Robert Toombs was a traitor
and an enemy to humanity at, and
since the rebellion, so now he haa
wounded by this act, the state of
Georgia in such a manner that an en
tire century of right doing on the
part of the state will not.heal the
wound. Only fifteen men were found
in the convention to oppose this grand
swindling scheme.
THF Cincinnati Gazette briefly
states the various stock-watering op
erations by which Commodore Van
derliilt made bis vast fortune: but
may not the fortune consist of "wa
ter," when the aquatic fluid is squeez
ed out of the stock by low freights,
reduced business and hard times? It
'•Take the New Yo'k Central for
instance. We do not go back to any
origthal watering in tho building ot
the roads bv eleven companies from
Albany to fhiffalo. In 18.2 these con
solidated their capital of UK),IKK),
and added about if!,000,000 to tho se
curities by water. In various ways
the stock "and bonds were iucreased,
till, in 1S»S when Yanderbilt became
manager, the amount had reached
$,"1,000,000. Ho had previously water
ed the Hudson River stock $:{,,"00,000.
lie now made his master stroke as the
great railroad aquatic by a stock div
idend on tho Central of M) per cent.,
making $23,000,000 of capital by wa
ter. The following year he consoli
dated tho Central and Hudson on a
stock basis ol !j!0,000,000, which was a
further watering of '21 per cent, to the
Centrsi. Now he performed on the
Hudson his great aquatic trick, and
added 85 per cent to its stock by
water. And now the property which
by its own books cost less than .$,"0,
000,000, was inflated to over $103,(XK,
000 in 1870, being at the rate of over
$122,000 per mile, on which he is col
lecting dividends by oppressively
discriminating freight taritls, and by
degrading the condition of the skilled
Another operation of Vanderbilt's
stock-watering is thus described:
Two companies from Buffalo to
Erie were consolidated by Yander
bilt in 18t7, increasing their capital
from $2,S00,000 to $5,000,000. In the
subsequent consolidation to Chicago
$1,000,000 was added to this. The
road from Erie to Cleveland had in
the previous six years divided 120
per cent, in stock, 3*:! per cent in bonds
and 79 per cent in cash. Costing less
than $5,000,000, it was now consoli
dated at $12,000,000. Yanderbilt got
control of the road from Toledo to
Cleveland in 1S4J6, and then made a
scrip dividend of 25 per cent, on
$5,tKK),000. The roads from Erie to
Cleveland, and from Cleveland to
Toledo were consolidated in 18(i7, on
a basis ot $22,000,000 capital. In 1809
the work of consolidation from Buf
falo to Chicago was completed on a
basis of $57,000,000, which, in 1871,
was increased to $02,000,000, with the
further privilege of increase to $73,
000,000. The Yanderbilt line from
BvffaJo to Chicago unquestionably
represented at least $20,000,000 of fic
titious capital, on which he is collect
ing dividends by taxing the people
and oppressing the workmen."
William Tecumseli Sherman, who
wouldn't give up his presidency of a
Hoss Car Company, in St. Louis, to
give his valuable services to the gov
ernment, at the opening of the war,
until his future was secure by mak
ing hiin Colonel in the regular army,
(according to his own memoirs), is off
reveling among tho beauties of the
Yellow Stone, and writing to Secre
tary McCrary about the -'balmy air,"
etc., in that delectable locality.
Of course he can afford to grow
eloquent over the scene, as the coun
try is paying him sixty or seventy
dollars per day, for his royal junket,
while poor devils are led into Big
IIolo slaughter pens, who are cheap,
and only cost thirteen dollars per
What this government needs is, a
re-organized army, with officers at its
head, who are not too costly to be
shot at, and who can find something
else to do except making post pran
dial speeches, and going into the
Indian country after the Indians Mo
Our Foreign Trade-
Returns from the customs-dist.iicts
of exports and imports for the tiseal
year ending June 30, 1S77, show the
tho total exports (specie values) to be
$002,474,581 total imports, $451,307,
519 excess of exports over imports,
$151,107,032. In tho fiscal year 1870
the exports was $79,G43,381. In the
fiscal year 1877 the exports of coin and
bullion amounted to $50,103,237, and
imports to $40,774,414, while in the
preceding year the exports were $50,
500,302. and the imports only $15,930,
Mr. Millspaugh was iu Wichita,
Kansas, when the government issued
two hundred now wagons to the
Cheyenne Indians. lie says that it
was tho most amusing thing he saw
during his trip, to sec the Indians
trying to learn how to manage tlicir
teams as the Indian ponies do not
make the most quiet kind of work
horses. Tlie next day after receiving
the wagons, thirty of them were left
within a few miles of town all bro
ken to pieces.—Hawkeye.
The convention of American Tooth
Carpenters has just adjourned their
annual meeting at the Grand Pacific
Hotel, Chicago. The convention
closed with a grand banquet given by
Messrs. Drake & Co., of that hotel,
which was an elegant aud toothsome
affair. Their next meeting
held at Niagara Falls.
Very Bard Times, Indeed.
A reporter of tho Dubuque (la.)
Times relates the following incident:
"Last evening, in pursuit of a certain
bit of information, we found our
selves in a saloon on .Tulien avenue.
In the saloon were half a dozen men
discussing the strike and the hard
times. The principal spokesman of
the meeting was, himself, ho said, a
sufferer from the hard times. When
our reporter entered lie was asked
what was the news in the latest dis
patches from the scat of war. When
the reporter responded that he knew,
and had opportunity to know, just as
much about it as the bar tender in
that saloon knew what was contained
in any letters that his employer's wife
might have received that afternoon,
they looked a little surprised, and
proceeded with the discussion. The
spokesman declared that it was the
hardest time he had ever known,
lie had always taken the Times up to
within few months past, but he had
been obliged to give it up,—he could
hardly support his family. Here he
asked the crowd what they would
take. Our reporter tried a lemonade
and the spokesman of the crowd paid
for it like a gentleman. Then he pro
ceeded to dilato on tho hard times,
and the straits to which he was driv
en, the economy he had to practice,
etc. Iu the course of half an hour he
concluded it was timo to go home—
but wouldn't the boys take another
drink Another drink was ordered
for the crowd, and paid for by our
suffering friend. That made GO cents.
IIow many previous crowds had been
treated by this whole-souled gentle
man—for there was nothing mean
about him—we cannot guess but
even if he had refrained from spend
ing a cent unnecessarily from morn
ing until o'clock at night, what he
spent at that hour, if repeated daily
as doubtless it has been—for a year,
would amount to $219.
Tho Muscatino Journal mentions
three farmers in that county who
have lost 515 bogs by some mysteri
om malady, ana Mr. Patterson, who
lost several head, has been investiga
ting tho matter and thinks he has
discovered the trouble. The Journal
He is ccrtain it is nothing more nor
less than tlie black tush, an extrane
ous growth in the mouth, a false
tooth, between the natural tooth and
tho lirst grimier, causing blindness
and finally death, lie read of the
operation of the tush in tho East, and
saw symptoms corresponding with
the peculiarities of the disease among
his hogs, he examined the affected an
imals, and in everyone found the fa
tal tooth. On knocking it out, they
at once recovered and are now as
well as ever. In the hogs not affected
not a sigu of tho tooth was visible.
Mr. Patterson has shown us a tusk
nearly an inch long, taken from a pig
only four months old. Stock owners
whose stock is dying off should profit
by Mr. Patterson's discoveries.
Tho Louisville Medical Jownal
says that the last four years have been
trying ones for the doctors. Times
$re so hard that people could not af
ford to eat the rich things which
J^'tersickneM'"' •v
[K. V. Bmalley's letter to the N. V. Tribune 1
I came to Jefferson to sec "Old Ben
Wade," or Judge Wade, as all his
townsfolk call him. preserving the
title of the first important office he
held. I found him in a little onc-sto
ry building overshadowed by horse
chestnut trees. His house, a large
frame structure^ robbed of its origi
nal pii'turesqucncss by a mansard
roof, stands a few steps away, and the
little building used as an office, shares
with it the delights of a spacious
lawn, dotted with clumps of flowers.
The public square, where centers the
placid life of the village, is but a
stone's throw distant, the bank is
next door, tho post office just around
the corner, and the court house so
near at hand that the ex-senator can
almost hear the speeches of the law
yers without leaving his easy chair.
The Tribune correspondent receiv
ed a cordial greeting, and when the
talk settled into the expected channel
of politics, he said: "Y on are regard
ed as the most prominent representa
tive in Ohio of the element of the re
publican party which strongly disap
proves of the southern policy of the
''That's a mistake,'' replied Mr.
Wade, "I'm not in politics at all,—no
man is less so in fact,—and I don't
know that I -represent anybodv but
myself. I wrote a letter to an oid
friend at Washington not long ago,
and marked it private, in which 1
gave my views of the course of the
administration. It got into print,
and that set all the newspapers to
talking about mo."
"Have you modified the opinion
you expressed in that letter
"Not at all. I think Hayes made a
great mistake in surrendering Louis
iana and South Carolina. He is an
honest man, and I have great respect
for him, but lie misjudged liis duty
shockingly. Why, it was a complete
surrender to the South. I can com
pare it to nothing but the course of
Buchanan in the last days of his ad
ministration, when he gave up the
forts and goverment property to the
rebels. The plea was the same then
as now—the rights of the states to lo
cal self-government. Yes, local self
government! That means that the
southern whites may do just as they
please and violate with impunity the
constitutional amendment which
gives the suffrage to the negroes,
There is no republican party left in
the South now. The negroes may
vote, it they want to,—they'll not be
bull-dozed any more, I think,—but
their votes will not be counted, if
counting them makes any difference.
The South profits by negro suffrage
to get increased representation and
power but we have no authority
according to the new policy, to see
that the negro enjoys his guaranteed
rights of citizenship."
"Was there any better way than the
one tho president took
"Yes he ought to have told the
South that lie meant to uphold the
legally elected governments in these
two states by all the force at his com
mand. That would have been enougl
Packard and Chamberlain could have
been kept in office without trouble
The South blusters a gootl deal but i9
easily cowed."
"The Packard and Chamberlain
governments could only have been
maintained by the constant presence
of troops, just as the Kellogg gov
ernment was."
"Then I would have used troops.
I would not have surrendered with
out a struggle what wc had fairly
won. 1 would use troops everywhere
if necessary, to protect the negro in
his rights. Why, look at thee rail
road riots. Everybody—democrats
as well as republicans, called on the
president to send soldiers to protect
them and enforce the laws, but when
a corporals guard was stationed in
some Southern state there was a great
outcry about 'military interference'
and 'bayonet rule,' and 'down-trod
den communities.'"
'•Do you remember, when you
blame Hayes, that Grant set tho ex
ample of ceasing to uphold carpet
bag governments when lie left Gov.
Ames and the Mississippi republicans
to shift for themselves
"Yes, I don't forget. Grant com
menced still earlier, when he permit
ted Baxter's inauguration in Arkan-
sas but because he did what was not
right, that doesn't excuse Hayes. We
expected Hayes would do better than
Grant. Instead of that lie has aban
doned the country to the rule of the
South. I see no hope of anything
else. The united South is going to
get control of the government.''
"Do you think it the duty of repub
licans who feel as you do, to step out
by themselves and form a separate
'•Oh, no not at all. The hope of
the nation is in the republican party,
and we must keep it together. The
ignorance and vice of the country
are embodied in the democratic par
ty, and wc ought not to stop fighting
it for a moment. I am as much a re
publican as ever, and mean to vote the
republican ticket this fall."
"What harm do you apprehend
will come from tho president's poli
cy r''
"We've got to give up tho govern
ment to the democrats, and the dem
ocratic party is controlled by the
South, exactly as it was in Pierce's
aud Buchanan's time, the only difl'cr
being that the South is much more
powerful now than then. Tlu: South
doesn't care for the democratic party.
What they want down there is to in
demnify themselves for the losses of"
of the war out of the federal treasu
ry. They will first pass the Texas
Pacific subsidy bill then they will
take $100,000,000 for the levees
of the Mississippi. They will
get the Supreme Court on their side
to open the way by decisions to the
payment of their war claims. 1 can't
tell how far they will go. If they are
stopped short of paying the rebel
debt it will be because the republi
cans of the North become alarmed
again and wrest the government out
of their hands. Just now few arc
awake to the danger. It lias ceased
to be any reproach to a man to have
been a traitor, and Northern men
look on the rebels as men who took a
different view from themselves of a
doubtful question of constitutional
I have taken a few sentences here
and there from au hour's conversa
tion, choosing such as illustrate the
ex-senator's position toward the pres
ident and the Southern question. He
believes that the North must rule the
South to prevent the South from
ruling the North. During the great
er part of his long political career,
he saw the country governed by t'ie
arrogant Southern oligarchy, lie
cannot forget the immeasurable evils
and calamities that resulted from the
domination of that element. It is no
wonder that in his old age he should
view with apprehension the with
drawal of the strong arm of power
which the North has held over the
South since the rebellion was crushed
out. 1 would like to see tho fed
eral government, controlled |by the
republican party, continuo a policy
of repression in the southern states
as long as any opposition to tho full
civil equality of the black race should
show itself there. Impractical ns his
views are, they are entirely sincere,
and therefore merit respect.
The ex-senator is enjoying a hale
old age. Ilis hair, which resisted
time's frosts much longer than do most
men's, is now quite white, and the
strong lines of his countenance, that
used to give him rather a hard and
stern expression, have been softened
a good deal by the mellowing intlu
ences oi a quiet life. He takes no
part in active politics, and seems more
interested in tho events of tlie long
contest over the slavery question, in
which he was so prominent an actor,
than in the public movements of the
present day.
Thrilling Adventure With a
From the Sun Francifeo Post.
In 1835 Captain Blank—tho captain
who does not wish his name mention
ed—was the first mate of a whaling
ship cruising out of New Bodfotd.
The William King was one of those
old-fashioned tubs peculiar to the last
century, sailing equally well either
way, bow or stern. Off Telegraph
Hill, near San Francisx), a school of
whales was espied, led by au immense
bull, and steering iu a northerly di
rection. Two boats wero at once low
ered, but they had scarcely touched
the water when tho school parted, one
part i mining north, tho other south.
Captain Blank's boat followed one
band, while Jim Watson, the mate,
followed tho other. The captain's
boat had a magnificent crew of oars
men they laid to their work with a
will, and after an hour's pull came
within range of the bull. Captain
Blank got an iron into him in short
order *tl» IMr *cmtidetl wtd w«st
down at a rate which almost equalled
that of the late ''lightning express"
trtUu. The line ran out with a deaf
ening hum the loggerhead smoked,
and tlie boat laid her bow deep in the
water. Suddenly tlie strain ceased
the whale was coming up, and everv
eye conned the sea for a glimpse of
the monster. ITe came tip like a rock
et, struck the boat on the keel amid
ships with his nose, and hurled it
thirty feet into the air. As it came
down it capsized and turned bottom
uppermost. The men immediately
swam for it, and, with the exception
of the enptain, reached it, where they
squatted, holding onto the keel, anil
presenting the appearance of a lot of
|)enguin8 nestling on a chunk of kelp.
The captain also swam up, but finding
the keel crowded, resolved not to risk
au upsetting by venturing upon it.
So he put an oar under each arm, and
trending water, kept near tho boat,
cheering the crew, who,
as was natur
al to men in their situation, were
nervous and disheartened. They float
ed this way several moments, and
were gradually getting over the first
shock, when the stroke oarsman, a
gigantic negro, called out, "Look dar,
a shark!" Nothing so horrifies a sail
er as the appearance of that ravenous
fish in hours of peril. The crew
looked and saw a huge bottle nosed
shark floating apparently not more
than a fathom below the surface. The
captain saw ii also, and felt his chan
ces of escape dwindle to a cypher
nevertheless he did not lose courage,
and instead of hastening tho event
which seemed beyond prevention, re
solved to escape it if possible. He
knew that a shark would never bite at
an unsteady bait. Tho nose of the
creature is in its way it must turn on
its side to snap, and then only when
the object is stationary. It may be
for a second only, but that is enough,
the shark darts like lightning, and in
a moment seizes its prey. The cap
tain knew this, and knew'that his only
salvation depended upon his keeping
constantly in motion. The least pause
would be fatal, so with tho two oars
under his arm he kept afloat, moving
about incessantly, bis eyes fixed on
the dark object beneath him, which
followed wherever he moved. Such
a situation would be apt to atlect the
senses terribly, yet the captain says
he never was calmer, never leBs
troubled, never less afraid of death.
His mind, however, was unusually
active every circumstance of his life
came before him with the clearness of
noonday. The scenes ol' his youth in
particular passed before liim in vivid
coloring, lie saw the old farm-house
in which he was born the hill, woods
and meadows surrounding it: the
distant village, the church spire, the
(locks on the plains, the winding riv
er, the cows browsing in the fields
be heard the elatter of the mill, the
songs of the mowers, the birds sing
ing in the groves, and the echo of tiic
gun among the hills, lie heard, too,
the voice of one dearer to him than
all else on earth: the voice of one
—but all this took place while a ra
pacious monster was floating within
a few feet of him, waiting only for a
moment's pause in his movements to
rend him in pieces.
The second boat, having now res
cued the wrecked men, approached
the captain, who ordered its crew to
shoot by him at full speed, and as it
passed him he would grasp it and
spring in, the critical moment being
when he would lose his motion and
the shark would be likely to seize
him. However, that risk must be
taken. The mate faithfully carried
out his instructions. Theineh strained
every sinew. They were whalemen,
and as such, topgallant oarsmen, anil
the speed at which they sent the boat
driving through the water would
have shamed the flight of the swiftest
seabird. The boat itself-was scarcely
seen, buried in a double wall of
foaming spray, tho oars bending like
reeds and the gunwale quivering at
e\ch stroke. It took a steady nerve,
an eagle eye, and a lightning grasp
to secure the flying craft, but the cap
tain had all these, aud as it passed,
seized tho starboard gunwale, and
was thrown like a shot into the boat.
At the same instant the shark's nose
rose above the water, and its jaws
snapped with a sound that was audi
ble for a considerable distance. Tho
captain, as lie himself remarked, es
caped "only by a scratch." The very
instant he was stationary the shark
snapped at him, the velocity of his
subsequent motions only saving him
from a hideous death.
A Worse Place to Cot at Than the
North One-Some of Its Perils.
The great point of difference be
tween the Arctic and Antarctic re
gions lies in the fact that th» former
is dotted over with numerous islands,
peninsulas and isthmuses, whereas
the latter is exposed to the dash of a
vast deep ocean, ltoss experienced
from sweeping currents and winds
more than has ever to be borne by
northern explorers. On ono occasion
when he was becalmed for a few
hours, the dead 6ct of tlie ocean drift
ed the ships towards a range of huge
icebergs, against which the sea broke
with appaling violence. "Every eye
was translixcd with the tremendous
spectacle, and destruction seemed in
evitable." The ships were tlins driv
en on for eight hours, until within i
half mile from the gigantic icebergs,
when a gentle air began to stir the
ships yielded to the influence of the
puff of wind, which gradually fresh
ened into a gale, and before "dark, to
the heartfelt satisfaction of all on
board, the ships emerged from their
peril and got out into the wide ocean,
ltoss had good means of knowing
how thoroughly Wilkes had been de
ceived concerning the appearance of
land at a pai ticular spof, for he spent
three days iu searching for land
which Wilkes had laid down on a
chart but WX) fathoms of water were
found in tho very center of the posi
tion assigned to the landou tho chart,
ltoss arrived at the conclusion that
tlie American commander had been
deceived either by ice islands or fog
banks, We need not go into much
further details in regard to this ex
pedition but a few words may be
quoted to show what kind of weather
had to be borne in tho very middle of
the Antarctic summer and in no high
er latitude than sixty-six degrees.
For nine days the crew were alter
nately drifting, hauling, making fast,
mending snapped hawsers and mak
ing efforts to stem opposing currents.
On the tenth day, during a thick fog,
a gale come'.on from the north. "The
sea quickly rose to a fearful hight,
breaking over the loftiest icebergs
we were unable any longer to hold
our ground, but were driven into the
heavy pack under our lee. Soon af
ter midnight our ships were involved
in an ocean of floating fragments of
ice, hard as floating blocks of granite,
which were dashed against them by
the waves with so much violence that
their masts quivered as if thev would
fall at every successive blow aiul the
destruction ofthe ship seemed in ev
itable from the tremendous shocks
they received. By backing and fill
ing the sails we endeavored to avoid
collisions with the larger masses, but
this was not always possible. In the
early part of the storm the rudder of
the Erebus was so badly damaged as
to be of no further use and about
the same time I was informed, bv sig
nal, that the Terror's was completefy
destroyed and nearly torn away from
tho stern-post. Hour passed away
after hour without the least mitiga
tion of these awful circumstanccs in
which wo were placed. Indeed, there
seemed to be but little probability of
our ships holding together much
longer, so frequent and violent were
the shocks they sustained. The loud
crashing noise of the straining and
working of the timbers and decks as
she was driven against some of the
heavier pieces, which all the activity
and exertions of our people could not
prevent, were sutlicient to fill the
stoutest heart—that was not support
ed by a trust in him who controls all
events—with dismay."
Whenever the gallant commander
got south of f0 degrees or so, then
tho battling with the ice began again
and again. He once touched the 78
parallel of latitude, and in all proba
bility no human being has ever wade
a nearer approach to the South 1'ole—
less by three or four hundred miles
than the approach that has recently
been made to the North Pole. What
we know of the South Pole, then, is
simply this, that nobody has
got with
in seven or eight hundred miles of it
that ice barriers are met with mito
eclipsing anything known in the
North Frigid Zouo that mountains
have been seen (one shooting forth
volcanic flames) loftier than any dis
covered by northern explorers that
all the land is covered with snow at
all seasons that no human being has
been mot with beyond 56 degrees of
latitude that no vegetable growth,
except lichens, lias been seen beyond
58 degrees of latitude, and that no
land quadruped is known to exist
beyoad 68 degrees off latitude
Morning Dispatches.
The Tnrks Taking Ativan
tape of Tlielr Control
Smith of tlie Balkans
To Inaugurate a War
Extermination Upon
the Unitarians.
Every Hale Citizen of Kwhl
Ksihra Wentpnced to
Horrible Condition of 'Filing*)
Throughout llnlgiiria
The Wonnded and the Sick and
the ItcgngeeM I'erinhing
from Thirst.
A Rumor that Cholera Has Brok
en Out in the Russian Camps.
The Turks Getting Possession of
the Balkan Passes.
Giurditch and Kain Boghaz Mow
in Their Hands.
Engagements In which the ftttfc*
sians Are again Repulsed.
l.itrgi- R«lnrorcem«nta fer IUIIDOIM
Puhtfi Army.
«rc« r« Openly EnoRtO In the War
4(ilmt Turkey.
LONUOX, Aug. 10.—A correspondent
with the Dobrudscha army telegraphs
that malarial fever is doing its work.
Hundreds of sick arrive at Tclierna
voda daily, the majority from the
neighborhood of Mejide, where the
steaming nwamp poisons water and
air alike. Dysentery also counts as
mauy victims in proportion. As tho
season advances sickness increases.
A St. Petersburg letter states that
49,000 fresh troops are already on the
way by railroad to the seat of war.
The Guards will follow in tcu days.
These include 8,000 cavalry, 56,000 in
fantry. 2f)0 cannon will also be sent.
Of the Landwehr only picked regi
ments will go to Bulgaria.
An occasional correspondent of the
Times at Vienna says everv thing
tends to show that Mehemet Ali and
Suleiman Pashas arc making great
efforts to effect a junction by the Slev
lio Pass, so as to dislodge the ltussians
from Tirnova. If they succeed in
effecting a junction we may expect
shortly to hear of a great battle which
will decide this year's campaign.
A Bucharest special states that the
?zar remains at Biela. Though the
Hussian army is being strengthened
rapidly, there is little chance of any
serious action for more than a week.
BEI:LIN, Aug. 11.—In Poland all
males from 18 to 15 years of age are
being registered preparatory to call
ing out the remaining classes of a
general levy.
LONDON, Aug. 11.—In the Ilousc of
Commons, last night, Chas. Monk,
Liberal member from Gloucester
city, persistently pressed tho question
on the government whether they
would consider the temporary occu
pation of Constantinople by Hussian
troops so far inconsistent with Brit
ish interests as to disturb the relations
of amity between England and Rus
sia, and though Sir Stafford North
cote refused to answer this question,
it had the eflect of drawing from the
lit. Hon. Wm. Edward Forster, Lib
eral member for Bradford, a state
ment of great conlidcnce, which is
felt by the Ojtposition, ofthe improb
ability of England's becoming involv
ed in war. Forster said "Speaking
ingfor myself and others wo should
not have yielded to the government's
desire to avoid debate on the eastern
i|iiestion. If wc had any reason to
l'er.r that government were likely,
during recess, to drag tho country in
to war, or involve it in any breach of
neutrality, wc have most carefully
considered everything.that has been
written or said by government, and
looking at their late dispatches we
feel convinced tlioy intend to abide
by the policy of strict neutrality.
That being the case I do not think it
necessary to do more than to remind
you of tho responsibility under which
they lie." This statement seems in
dicative of an easier feeling general
ly prevalent, which is largely due to
Lord Heaconsfield's recent statement
in the Houso of Lords.
I.OMION, Aug. 1.!.— A Constantino
pie correspondent olographs that a
civil war of extermination is being
carried on at, Kski-Saghra. All tho
male" Christian native population
have been sentenced to death by the
Turkish General. This news has
been brought by two American Mis
sionaries, protected by Turkish
friends. They lost everything. Ev
ery male Bulgarian is accused of be
ing either a spy or an open enemy.
Karabuner is crowded with fugitives.
There is only one well in the place,
and there aro 10,000 troops there.
Wounded, sick, and fugitives are per
isliing from thirst.
LONHOV, Aug. 13.—Eight thousand
starving Bulgarian refugees are in
Selvi. There are heavy and contin
uous rains, which must greatly cou
ducc to spread sickness in the army,
in Constantinople from the invaded
districts are estimated at 30,000.
The Turkish troops withdrawn
from Caucasus havo arrived at Var
na, reinforcing Mehemet Ali and Su
leiman Pasha. The latter's army
will be iucreased to 70,000 men. One
third will remain at Adrianople, and
the others cross the Balkans. In Can
ilia the Turkish troops are retiring
to fortified places.
blockaded bas pscaped.
from Kalofcr and Kafova.
Suleiman Pasha telegraphs under
date of Aug. 11 that he has occupied
the Guirditch Pass unopposed. The
Russians have evacuated the Kain
Boghaz. Pass.
Mukhtar Pasha telegraphs under
date of Aug. S. "Two Russian col
umns have attacked our position at
Ivaduklar. A third column has
marched on Ani and our left wing
has also been attacked between Sa
tian and Guinlivern. The Russians,
although reinforced, were twice re
pulsed and forced to retire to their
An Athens dispatch says A large
crowd marched through the streets
on Sunday, shouting "War, war I"
It is believed the moment for Greece
to take action is near.
BUCHAREST, Aug. 12.—An eminent
personage here had an interview
with tho Grand Duke Nicholas on
Thursday. He admits that bis troops
arc somewhat demoralised, and said
there was no probability of a resump
tion of operations for three ,weeks,
when he would have reinforcements
of 100,000 men.
It is rumored that cholera hpja ap
peared in the Russian camps.
The Turkish legation says Russian
atrocities in Bulgaria arc on the in
crease. In one mixed village the
houses were destroyed aud 250 men
and 100 woraon perished. Three Ser
vian villages, abandoned on tho ap
proach of the Russians, were given to
the (lames and nearly five thousand
houses destroyed.
Twelve unarmed Mussclmans, of
the village of Saiikonlou, near Eski
Soghra, surrendered to the Russians,
and seven of them wore massacred by
and three by the Cos­
sacks, At Batak village, exclusively
Mohammedan, in the district of Ses
town, 100 houses were burned, 200
men aad SIM wtmen {Writhed*
fiiiiiiiiTmiTwWigii%fir mam
believed thatseven of the inhabitants
survived. In Albalovon, a Mussul
man village, iu the district of Tirnova,
250 houses wore burned, 700 men and
1,200 women perished. One person,
it is believed escaped. At Cobobon
nos 100 houses wero burned, 200 men
and :t00 women, perished, two per-'
sons escaped. At Kestombol 150
houses wore burned, 300 men and (!00
Women perished. One person only
The legation conclndes: From in
formation received the Russians havo
adopted a uniform system to try to
destroy defenseless villages, and after
destroying them with cannon shot to
massacre the unarmod inhabitants
and carry oil*the woman for the pur
pose of outraging their persons, when
they arc not killed at lirst. Tho ltus*
sians threatened Christian villages
with the same fate if they do not sur
render. or if their inhabitants re
fuse to be enrolled.
A Bucharest correspondent tele
graphs I have written tho follow
ing as 1 received it, and from the ter
rible accounts which the fugitives
continually bring over the Balkans
1 fear it must bo only too true. On
iTuly ist, the day of the Kussiau
evacuation of Eski Saghra, the Turks
ordered that all Christian men .wo
men and childron should be shot as
they left their houses, and tlioso who
rcmainod within were burned alive
Au order was given to burn down
and destroy every particle of Chris
tian property.
Many a leading Turkish merchant
took part in the affair. One dispatch
ed a largo number of Bashi-Bazouks
over the Tsclierpan district. Thi
district is one of tha richest in that
part of Turkey. Tt contains a very
largo proportion of Christians, thirty
churches, and 500 different schools
and colleges, all of which have been
Tho destruction extended to the
villages of Coghdan, Mahalesi, Rani,
and many others, in all about 60, con
taining from 150 to 300 families each.
Scarcely 50 persons escaped alive.
Bulgarian fugitives atGabrova and
Selvi estimate that from 10,000 to 12,
000 Christians have been massacred
in the Askisaghra and Tehirpad dis
tricts alone. Soldiers were posted
along the road from Askisaghra to
Kayantik, with orders to shoot eve
rybody passing.
LONDON, Aug. 13.—A correspon
dent at Karabnnar writes: Appalling
accounts continue to come in of the
misery of the fugitives from the dis
tricts devastated by the Bashi-Bazouks
and Bulgarians. Thousands of women
and children are homeless and per
ishing for want of shelter, medical
attendance and food. Immediate help
on the largest scale is sorely needed.
The Pasha proposes to distribute the
fugitives about Constantinople, Phil
ipopolis and Adrlanople.
The crops
are rotting on the ground
and no provision is made tor the
The correspondent speaks favorably
of the conduct of the Turkish regu
lar, but severely blames the govern
ment for employing or not controlling
the irregulars who commit the worst
excesses. Even fugitive women and
children who come for protection to
the Turks have to be guarded by the
regular troops lest they should be
further injured by these savages. The
Bulgarians are behaving in much the
same way as tho Bashi-Bazouks. It
will be impossible for the Christians
and Mahominedans to ever live to
gether again in the disturbed dis
Even the Russians severely con
demn Russia's conduct iu first
instigating the Bulgarians to revolt
and then leaving them to the mercy
of the turks, whose right to treat
them as rebels is hard to question
An Adrianople dispatch says: Five
thousand Musselman refngees are
here, and 3,000 in other towns- Sev
epal thousand are expected from
LONDON, Aug. 14.—Messrs. Ecclcs,
Sharrock Brothers & Co. manufac
turcrs of overdrawers, have failed.
Liabilities estimated at half a mil
The Queen, yesterday, ordered the
prorogation of Parliament from to
day until October 30th.
Rioting took place at Londonderry,
yesterday, on the occasion of open
ing tho Apprentice Boys' Memorial
Hall. A number of persons were
injured, one fatally stabbed. The
military were called out.
The following is the Queen's «peecli
proroguing Parliament, this after
noon, which was read by a commis
happy to bo able to release you from
your attendance upon Parliament.
My relations with all foreign powers
continue friendly. The exertions
which, since the commencement of
disturbances in Eastern Europe, I
have not ceased to make for the main
tainancc of general peace unfortun
ately havo not been successful. On
the outbreak of war between Russia
and the Ottoman Empire I declared
my intention of preserving an atti
tude of neutrality as long as the in
terests of tlie country remained un
affected. Tho extent and nature of
these interests were further deliucd
in a communication which 1 caused
to be addressed to the government of
Russia, which elicited a reply indi
cating friendly dispositions on the
part of that stale. 1 shall not fail to
use my best efforts, when a suitable
opportunity occurs, for the restora
tion of peace on terms compatible
with the general safety and welfare
of other nations. If iu'the course of
the contest the rights of my empire
should be assailed or endangeroil 1
should confidently rely on your help
to vindicate and maintain tiiem. Ap
prehensions of a serious famine in
Southern India, which I communi
rated to you at the opening of the
session, have, I grieve to say, been
fully verified. The visitation which
has fallen upon my subjects in Mad
ras and Bombay are of extreme se
verity and its duration is likely to be
prolonged. No exertion will be
wanting on my part or of my Indian
government to mitigate this terrible
calamity. The proclamation of my
sovereignty in Transvaal has been re
ceived throughout the provinces with
CALCUTTA, Aug. 14.—At a public
meeting held at Madras on the 9tb
inst. to consider steps necessary for
securing help from England for the
famine sufferers, the Duke of Buck
ingham, Govenor of Madras presi
ding, stated that the famine area con
tained 18.000,000 people, of which a
large proportion were dependent for
daily food on the exertions and activ
ity of those who transport grain to
the country. The necessity for sup
plies is daily increasing. The wants
of Madras are already beyond the
means of the presidency. Every aid
that can be secured is needed to save
the people. Increasing severity of
distress necessitates an appeal to
pnblic charity.
Dr. Cornish, of tho sanitary com
mission, said there were already
1,500,000 people being fed and over
500,000 had died. A resolution w|s
adopted that the principal cities of
England, Scotland, Ireland and In
dia, be informed of the urgent neces
sity for assistance. The mover of
this resolution said that more people
were found dead in a single morning
in Madras, than had died in the
whole Bengal famine.
Sunk In tho Sea.
NEW York, Aug. 11.—The
and Heraltl of Panama, just arrived,
announce the total loss of the Pacific
Steam Navigation Company's steamer
Eten, Capt. Coathupe, on the morn
ing of the 15th of July, at Los Vilot.,
out seven miles miles north of Valpa
raiso. Fourteen of the bodies had
been recovered, forty-three of the
passengers and crew liad reached the
shore in safety, and twenty were still
on the rocks. A British war vessel
and Chilian gunboat went to the
scene of the wreck as soon as report
ed, but were unable to render any
assistance, owing to rough weather
aud tho fog. The survivors on the
rocks, from exposure and want of
food,|threw themselves into the sea to
end their misery. Only three wero
A correspondent writes that out of
a crew of sixty-seven, all told, and
passengers, there aro probably saved
03. There could not havo been less
than from 90 to 100 passengers. The
loss of life therefore maybe estimat
ed at about ono hundred persons.
The commander of the vessel is be
lieved to be among the lost.
Poor Follow-Ho Died at HI* Post,
TODEDO, Aug. 14.—The body of
Lowis Young, engineer ofthe Cana
da Southern passenger train which
collided with a freight last night,
near this city, was found in the wreck
tbia taoraiog.
Lawless Savages Get tlie
Bettor of Troops in
i Montana.
Gen. Gibbons Makes a Disas
trous Attack on a Nez
Perce* Camp.
And after a Bloody Fight
Repulsed With Great
Captain Logan and Lientenant
Bradley Among the Officem
Other (Officers Wonnded and Ma
ny Men Among the Killed
and Wonnded.
FrMMc Apiuali t* OtT. Pott*,
nralm, fer All Kln«« «f
SALT LAKE, Aug. 11.—A dispatch
from Helena, says, tho following was
received this morning
BUI HOLE, Montana, Aug. !).—To
Governor Potts:—We had a hard fight
with the Nez I'crces, killing a number
and losing a number of officers and
men. Wc need a doctor and every
thing. Send us relief as soon as you
van. JOHN GIIIHON, Col. Comd'g
ft.—Gov. Pott»—We
are here near the mouth of Big Hole
Pass, with a large number of wound
ed, iii want of everything—food,
clothing, medicines and medical at
tendance. Send us assistance at once
.TOHN GIRIION, Col. Comd'g.
Governor Poftt —We had a hard
tight and took tho village, but were
finally driven back with heavy loss,
Capt. Logan and Lieut. Bradley are
among the killed. (Jen. Gibbon and
Lieuts. Coolidge, English and Wood
ruff arc wounded—Englsh seriously,
others slightly. The troops arc en
trenched and the Indians are leaving.
When the messenger left Gen. Gib
bon said, "1 want an escort sufficient
to protect tho wagons which are go
ing hi to relieve us load the wagons
as light as possible. The Indians
have cut me off."
DEER LODGE, Aug. 11, 9 A. M.—W
H. Edwards haB just arrived from
Big Hole, bringing accounts of the
terrible battle between Gibbons' com
mand and tho Nez Pcrces on the Big
Hole river, on August 9. Gibbons'
command, consisting of 182 men—17
officers, 133 regulars and 32 citizen
volunteers—crossed over from Ross
Hole on Wednesday, starting at 11
o'clock. On tho same night they
moved down all the troops with the
exception of a few left to guard the
transportation. A few miles above,
close to the Indian camp, which was
made on the Big Hole, three miles
below, where the Bitter Root and
Bannock Trail crosses. At daylight
this morning
by the volunteers firing on and kill
ing an Indian going after horses. A
charge was then made on the camp,
and hard fighting occurred for the
next two hours, during which time
large numbers of men and Indians
were killed. Tho soldiers then charg
ed on tho lodges, but wero repulsed
in the attempt. The Indians then at
tempted to oust them from the high
wooded poin ts, but the soldierscliarg
ed, and, driving the Indian advance
from it, held it, and at onco fortified.
The fighting continued all dav and
was still progressing fitfully "when
the courier left, at 11 o'clock. The
on both sides, a full force of Indians
being in the fight. Capt. Logan and
Lieut. Bradley were killed. Gen.
Gibbon, Capt. Williams, and Lieuts.
Coolcdge, English, and Woodruff
were wounded, Gen. Gibbon only
slightly. Bradley was the first man
killed. The messenger says that aft
thcy failed to capture tho lodges the
Indians moved their camp ofl in tho
direction of Bannock, all their horses
being captured.
The messenger had to come to
French Gulch, nearly sixtv miles on
Another messenger was sent to
Howard, who should have reached
there, to-day.
had been left six miles behind and
was ordered to be moved up at day
light. During tho fight they heard
it discharged twice, and then it was
A band of Indians soon after ap
peared with a largo band of horses,
and it is believed all the horses of tho
command, the guns, their supplies,
reserve ammunition, etc., were cap
tured. Gen. Gibbon thought when
the courier left there, he still had 100
effective men, and believed the In
dians had nearly all withdrawn, from
his frout.
The messenger says he flunks one
hundred Indians were killed and
nearly half tho command, including
the cifi/.ens, wore killed or wounded.
(Jen. Gibbon bas sent for medi
cines, surgeons, supplies, etc. Dr.
Mitchell will leave, to-day, with an
oseort. Gen. Gibbon particularly
asks for ambulance wagons to come
under escort, aud every availabe
wagon will go forward from here
and Butte. It was
and Gen. Gibbon's command made a
most gallant and desperate fight
against overwhelming odds.
DEER LODGE, Aug. 11, 10 A. M.—
Governor: All the men we want are
here to escort the wagons. We are
rushing up the wagons, stores, ice,
eU\ Eighty out of one hundred and
eighty men are killed or wounded.
The Indian Battle.
SAN FRANCISCO, Aug. 13.—The fol
lowing dispatch has been received at
military headquarters in this city.
COLUMBIA, in the Field, Gibbon's bat
tle-field, Valley of Big Hole, M. T.,
Aug. 11.—To Adjutant General of
the Military Department of the Pa
cific, San Francisco: Reached Gen.
Gibbons at 10 a. in., to-day. He as
sailed the Indians at daylight on the
9th, inflicting great losses upon them.
His own casualties were seyen offi
cers, fifty men and ten citizens killed
and wounded. Gen. Gibbon is
wounded, but not seriously. Sup
plies were not cut off as reported.
Gen. Gibbon's command is in the
best of spirits. The last of the In
dians left last night. I shall contin
tinuc pursuit as soon as my com
mand comes up. HOWARD,
Brig. Gen. commanding Dept. of
CHIC ALIO, Aug. 13.—The following
dispatch was received at military
headquarters, to-day:
BIG IIOI.E PASS, Aug. 11.—My loss
in the battle of the 9tn was seven offi
cers and fifty-three men, killed and
wounded. I am satisfied the Indians
suffered much more, for the surprise
was complete and many were killed
in tho teepes or running out. Forty
dead Indians were counted on about
ono-half the battle-field. Howard
has just arrived and I believe he can
catch them again. As soon as I can
get tho services of a doctor I propose
to movo to Deer Lodge and take tho
most of our wounded there. They
aro all doing well but I foar Lieut.
English is mortally hurt.
GIHIIOX, Commanding.
More Indian Deviltry.
HELENA, Mont., Aug. 14.—The fol
lowing has just been received from
Bannock: The Indians crosscd at
tlie head of llorse Prairie to Lempi,
striking Stephenson's, this morning,
killing tho Price brothers and others
ou the route. They aro making their
way to Sftftke River valley.
WASHINGTON', Aug. 13.—.Wm. J.
Murtagli, proprietor of the National
ltcpubUcan, was cow-hided this morn
ing, in front of his oftlje, by Jos. II.
Whoatley, of Harrodsburg, Ivy., on
account of articles which appeared
in that paper reflecting upon his pri
vate character.
A Foarful Flood.
Virginia Convention—A Compro
mise Candidate Nominated
RICHMOND, Aug. 10, 1:30 p. m.—
Fifth ballot: Mahone 453, Daniel 421.
Ilolliday 284. Talliferro 144, Lee 119.
lice was then dropped.
The sixth ballot resulted Mahone
467, Daniels 448, llalliday 314, Talli
ferro 103. JV'Hilorro was now drop
ped, and 'olonel Cameron with
drawing the name of Mahone. urged
the friends of that gentleman to give
their support to Hon. F. W. W. Ilol
liday. This suggestion was received
with tremendous cheers, waving of
hats aud veiling.
The seventh and finRl ballot result
ed Ilolliday 852, Daniels 508, and
Mahone 1.
The Chair announced among the
wildest applause that Ilolliday was
duly chosen the nominee of the Con
servative party of Virginia for the
office of Governor.
NKW YORK,Aug 11.—Advicesfrom
Buenos Ayres state that a fearful
flood has occurred in the far south.
Millions of sheep aud cattle have per
ished and hundreds of families ren-1 *8 ta millers at 80 and 85 ota
Recess to 8 o'clock.
On re-assembling Gen. James A.
Walker, of Pulaski, was unanimously
nominated for Lieutenant Governor.
Raliegh T. Daniel, the present incum
bent, was re-nominated for Attorney
General, without opposition.
A platform was adopted recogniz
ing the obligations of the public debt
and reconimcnding tho General As
sembly to endeavor to readjust it in
some manner just to the creditors and
honorable to the State.
Bull-Dozing Again-
4er«d heme!***. clean article we^l, dried will I
NASHVILLE, August 10.—A special
to tho Nashville American from
Huntington states that General Hen
ry Darnell, on trial at Tiptonville,
Lake county, bulldozed the Court
at this place on Wednesday and
Thursday, with 25 armed men, the
sheriff and deputies being entirely in
efficient. Darnell recently gave him
self up, but refused to go to jail, and
instead was placed in the custody of
one of his friends. It having been
shown that the bond was insufficient
it was so announced in court and
Darnell was ordered to jail. The
Sheriff' refused to act and Darnell
and the armed mob walked out of
the court room denouncing the Court
and defying the authorities. The
Sheriff refusing to obey an order to
summon a possee, Governor Porter
was telegraphed to send the Chicka
saw Guards, of Memphis, to his re
lief, but the order was countermand
ed, Darnell and squad having left for
ST. LOUIS, Aug. 13.—A special tc
the Evening Dispatch from Jefferson
City says that the habeas corpus case
of Col. John A. Jojce, formerly
United States Revenue Agent of this
district under Gen. John McDouald
was decided, to-day, by Judge
lvreckle, of the United States Dis
trict Court. The particulars of the
questions involved in the case was
that of cumulative punishment or
judgment on more than one count of
an indictment. The decision was
long and elaborate, and expresses
some doubt as to how far a court!
under habeas corpus proceedings, can
review its former judgments, but in
this case the Judge says in closing
•"I feel relieved because the judgment
about to be entered can be reviewed
and the various questions involved
authoritatively settled on appeal
The conclusions arrived at are that
the indictment under consideration
in its various counts charges but ono
offense: that when tho court entered
its judgment on conspiracythe court
exhausted its powers, and that the
result of the judgment is void. That
Joyce having served the full term of
two years in the penitentiary, after
allowing due credit for good behav
ior, is entitled to a discharge, which
is granted him on condition that he
and his surety enter into recognizance
of $1,000 to appear and answer any
order of court which may bo made
in this or the appellate court."
Assistant Prosecuting Attorney
Williams immediately filed a paper
on appeal to the United States Cir
cuit Court, and Governor Fletcher
and Wm. McCarthy offered and were
accepted as bondsmen.
Maine Democratic Convention.
PORTLAND, Aug. 14.—The demo
cratic State convention assombled at
11:15 this morning and was callod to
order by lion. E. F. Pill6bury, chair
man of the State Committee. Tlier
was a large and intelligent asscm
blage present. Hon. Wm. L. Put
nam, of Portland, was nominated for
temporary chairman and John B.
Redman, of Ellsworth, for secretary.
Putnaiii, in his speech to the con
vention, said the financial question
was the all-important one. He con
sidered that tho war had just ceased
and that wo 'now feel the inevitable
results of that conflict of an inflated
currency and au over-powerful cen
tral government. Out of these evils
come corruption and extravagance,
and in addition out of tho civil war
comes tho inability of a ravaged
country to receive the manufactures
of the more successful portion. The
longer tho war is kept up the longer
the fever and prostration.
It was voted that the temporary or
ganization be made permanent and
sixteen vice presidents were chosen
and committees appointed. The con
vention then adjourned till 2 o'clock
1'. M.
Railroad Accident.
TOLKIH), Aug. IX—A collision oc
curred to-night at midnight between
the Canada Southern passenger train,
No. 14, ontward bound, and an in
coming freight, Mo. !i0, on the L. S.
& _M. S. It. It., a few miles South of
Millburn Wagon Works, in this city,
ditching the freight and badly dam
aging the locomotive and several
freight cars. No one in the freight
train was injured. The damage to
the Canada Southern train is not so
serious, the locomotive only being dis
bled. The train was backed into the
depot by a pony engine. It is report
ed that one lady passenger was slight
ly injured. It is rumored that the
engineer of the Canada Southern
train is missing and it is feared he is
under the wreck. Full particulars
cannot be obtained to-night.
Ohleaj* Market
OHIOAOO, Aug. 14.
[By Telegraph.]
Wheat—active on speculative ac
count, but prices are lower *1 02}£ A
Aug., and 96c Sept.
Corn—active on speculative account
and higher 43'2a%c Aug., [email protected]^c
Sept., and 43%c cash.
Oats—fairly active at 23)£c Aug.,
22Jac Sept., and 23|^@^c Oct.
Rye—52c cash. Barley—[email protected])^c for
Pork—moderately active at $12 86
@87^ Sept., and 1211% Oct.
Lard—fairly active at $8 62M Sept.
and 8 ,r)[email protected]'i Oct.
Whisky—$1 08.
CUMC*Livestock larkel
•t LMII Market.
ST. LOOTS, Aug. 14.
By Telegraph.]
Wheat—lower. No. 2 rod Fall |1.
25% bid cash. No. 3 do. $118)£ caah,
1 IS.'i @1GSJ Aug., and 100%
Corn—firmer at 40)^ cash, 41%
'a Sept., and [email protected] Oct.
Oats—steady at 25c cash and Sent.
Whisky—steady at $1 08.
Pork—lower [email protected] 05 Sept.
Stock market
By Telegraph.]
Hops—Strong at prices ranging
from $-175ot.r)20. Receipts 1,100.
Hew Ysrk Market,
By Telegraph.]
NEW YORK Aug. 14.
Wheat—(lull and heavy. Futures
lower. No Rales.
Corn More steady. Western
mixed ftSfgriiM Jo.
Oatu—dull. Mixed western [email protected]
I'ork—dull at $13 75.
Lard—easier at $8 [email protected] 00.
The condition of tho market* this
week seems to be improving asd
there secerns to bo more doing than
there has been for several months.—
New wheat is coming in slowly and
bring perhaps a trifle more, although
85 is tho ruling price.
Ots are down and were sold to-day
at 15 @16 cts.
Rye straw is in fair demand at |6
and clean bright oats straw sold to
lay at [email protected]$5 per ton, equal to the
best quality of timothy hay.
It will bo observed that the price
of potatoes has very materially de
clined and now, from wagons, in
wagon load lots are worth 25 cts per
Vegetables are very plenty and
prices depend so much on circum
stanccs that no reliable price may be
Attuiwa tlrwery Market.
••tall Mtw,
otmti, in tan
CORN MKAL-Pw MOk, lb*:.'..".'™
TEA—Imperial, pgr lb
—Yonnjr Hrson,
SUGAR—Brown (Cub*) par lb.....
—Light Orl«M)
-Olmrlfled (Yellow)
—White craaked I.
COFFKK—lUo, per lb
—Lagiur'a .........................
M1ATS—Hmm, aaiar-cwadpatlfc.
—Breaiteet Bacon
LARD—Per lb—
OBRMR—raotorr, par lb
SALT—Pee barrel
POTATOKS per banhrl
STUBS—Per owt
COWS— Per owl
1 BOOS—Per owt-
SHEEP—Per owt
Ottmwa Pfdaee lattket.
Wbeiieele Mi
GRAIN— Wheat, new
—Oata, new
—Cora, Yeuow
HAT—Timothy new
STRAW—B»a, par to«....................
SKCD—TlBOtfe? ...,
—Oloret eellinf at
OHlcKRMfl— per SOMB.
BUTTER—prime yellow, par lb.......
soon-Freeh, per doc
Oroea Belt-cored
-4»rabby,x oC la prloa...
-Veal kl&ea, per lb
-toeoppalta p« pelt
L—Fleeoe-waabad .......
—TTnwaehad, Bae, hear? to light
—Caweebed, medlcta to oaaraa
-Tub-waataed, poor to prime...
—Sony wool 8 to 10 per ft leae
—Dingy, poorly waafeed
S to to Ma
eritiVA un
1,000,000 Bottles
bkTe been sold tba last year, and sot Ma eoaplatnt
baa reached lie, that they bare not done
all that la
claimed for them. Indeed, MSlentlSc akUl cannot
go beyond the reenlt reached in theaewoadcrftd
preparations. Added to Carbolic, Amtoa, Men
tha, Beneca-OII and Witch-Hazel, are other In
Rredienta, which makee a family Liniment that
deflre rivalry. Rheumatic and bed-ridden crip
ples hare by it been enabled to throw away their
crutches, and many who for years have been af
flicted with Neuralgia, Sciatica, Caked Breasts.
Weak BackB, Ac., have found permanent relief.
Hr. Joeiuh Wextlake, of Haryavllle, O., writes
"For yearn my Rheumatism has been so bad
that 1 have lieen uiiHble to stir from the bouse. I
have tried every remedy I could hear of. Finally
I learned of the Centaur Liniment. Tlie first thriw
bottles enabled nle to walk without nty cratches.
I am mending rapidly, 1 think your Liniment
simply a marvel."
Thin Liniment cures Burns and Scalds without
a seur. Extracts the Poison from bites and sting*
Cures Chilblains and Frosted PlMt, and is very
efficacious for Knrache, Toothache, Itoh, and Cu
taneous Eruptions.
The Csaiam UUMMI, fillew
Wrapper, Is intended for thetonghSbeta, cords
and muscles of horses, muleeaad anlmplA
Rev. Geo. W. Ferris, ManorkiU, BchoharieCo,
N. Y., says:
"My horse was lame for a year with a fetlock
wrench. All remedies utterly Ailed to care and I
considered him worthless until 1 commenced to
use Centaur Liniment, which rapidly cnted him,
I heartily recommend It."
It makes very little diCfcrence whether the case
be "wrench," sprain, spavin, or lameness of any
kind, tlie effects are the same. The great power
of the Liniment is, however, shown in Poll-evil,
ltig-hend, Sweeny, Spavin, Ring-bone, Galls and
Scratches. This Liniment i« worth millions ot
dollars yearly to the Stock-grower*, Livery-men,
Farmers and those having valuable animal* to
care for. We warrant its effects and refer to any
Farrier who has ever used it.
n. Bon C6.',
46 Dey street, New York.
A complete substitute tot Ct*tor Oil, *ltho«t il*
unpleasant tante or rceoil in tlie throat. The in
sult of 20 years' practice by lr. htmitl Pitcher,
of Mftfiflachoaetu.
1Mteller's CMtorl* la particularly recommended
for chil lrcn. It destroys worms, assimilate* tltift
fooil aud allows naturu
in roup, and forchil
Fevt-rinhnesi, Diaonl
stomach Complaint
is as pleasant to tiki
and can be had of any Driif&lat,
Thia I* me ol many testimonial^
"COHXWAIj., Lebanon Co. Pa., Kirch 17. 74.
Dear »Srr.—F have used your Caatorfa in I
practice for sonic time, 1 takv grott plmaum
recommending it to the profetttion as a Bftffe, re I
ble and agreeable medicine. It is particular!
adapted to children when* the repugnant taste
Castor Oil.renders it so dlflMcult to administer.
Mothers who try Caatorta will find that they
can Bleep nights, and IfaU thair babies will be
J. B. ItOSE A CO., New Yotfc.
May SI Snw
Facts for the
It la an undeniable fact that no arUeto lu«Ter
plaoed before th« pnklie Wttk ao wkli undi*
puted evidence of lta gnat vUaa, aa lh»
For every complaint for which Vrarmrc la
recommended, many teatimtotals of whntit haa
done is furnished to-the public at larse, and ma
one should fail to obeerrethat nUSyftlof ihS
testimonials are from people riS Jt hoiSJ
where the VEGETINE wiiraparett, ind as the
streets and numbers are given, theie he no
possible doubt about tbe matter^
BOH-ok, DM. IT, 1872.
H. R. Storeiu, E»q Dear Sir-Mar aik Uia
favor of. you to make my caae publicT
f11 'S81, while oa picket doty in tlie army, I
v whici1
Wa» taken into camp awl doeed with whiskey
and quinine. After tula had Jilt tveryday. and
was taken to Nowbern Hospital, aad thara
troatcd by tlie attending phjslciaaa. I mnw
wonie and was sent home. KeaalMif in MOT
health for four years, treating with MSun vl'yik
cians and trying many remedies. Filially Scrof
ula made ita appearance an diftnnt parti ot
J7 .an!'
m.y he"l
[By Telegraph.]
Ilogs—Receipts 10,000 head. Light
grades are quotable at from $5 25®
30, while mixed packing sold at from
|4 80(if-5 00, and heavy shipping at
Cattle—Dull. Receipts 2,500 head.
aa to Ua
frightful to look at, and painful iana* audur
55S?' -*{er trying the mast eminent K&TaJciaiiS,
advUed •**roTe,0®It' changa st ARaale vaa
Have'been to the Hot Springs W 'JUkanaaa
twice, each time giving their tnitkiMt &
thorough trial. Finally rant bark to Voatou.
discouraged, with no hope ot haki. Ufa was a
situation. My disease, and
the effect of so much powerful mediates, had so
•fcunaged my system that the anion of my stom
ach was apparently destroyed, and my b«ad was
"J"?, "J"*™ which bad in places eaten
into the skull bone.
1 ho best physicians said my bleod was so full
of |xiion they could do no more for uie. About
this time a friend who liad been an latalid told
me\ EGKTIXE had restored hiiu to perfect lieallli,
au.1 through bis persuasion I rommiMed taking
VM.t.TixE. At this time I was having#^ al
most every day. I noticed the Kret g«ft eiTert*
organs. My fo^j
sat better and my stomach grew stronger, i
began to feel encouraged, for I could n.i
bealtl. Slowly and gradually improving.
e n e w e i o e I o n i n u e k n
S V i k
oi my bodv It the cmve tne
pure blood, and restored me lo Merit*-' health*
riun i' ,!,lf "ot »n3?y*l for ten yean,:
Hundreds of people In ilia city ef Uutoii cau
vouch for tlie above facts.
wJlITINK 'A** "•v*1 "'j Slid yen are at
liberty to make such use ot UIIB statement as
l-leases you best, and 1 hag of you ta make it
known that other sufferers may find relief wiik
lens trouble and expanse than I did
V»how tl.»
marks of my disease or give anv further i„r..r
(nation relative tony cam, t0
det|r0 r"
I am, sir, very gratefully, JOHN PECK,
No. SO Sawyer strstt, Usaton, Masa.
T,r,e"ty*8re" Year«
thing together. She ass at-
Vf0®*'1*",1eemmnrnd giving
It regularly till she »u
'SSLlff *asim«ti«»fe4
iP«rfecUv cured. During her slcanesa three
right aria
nbove the elbow, one of them lieing very luiu*.
small piaoaa were also taken from her
8h» ts.naw twen ty-ssna years old,and
Is enjoying good health, and has ever since sba
old, with no signs ot Scrofula
blood disease. Her arm Is a llltle
crooked,bat she can nse tt almost as well as lb a
/'«,'*«» V* of equal length, and si
., u
J1®' 'he least lame. Her rase was 8cr ,,fula.
K1' having Scrofula Hunor ot^ny other
Wood dtsessejif they Wish to hero a perfect
cure, to try VEOBTI**,TET reliable \SoS rem
rhich doe*
*hlch doe* not wnaken tbi'ajium'like
Sy?na{iy.P^r*t^ jyoBUBendodThut. on
My daughter's case w|ll filly tssUfy^ta®?^
aavaraaw uorh^d^U w^Se1?!^SkiofuuZ
19 Monamentstreet, Charleatown. Man.
G&Sulllvau street, Chulestowa. Masa.
April 10,1K70.
shows a patfMt care ot
tWc.VnM form, when proasanced
Incurable, of a child four yemt ef
v^£ ft*" to? Isjr, now twenty seven
year* old,enjoying perfect beialih.

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