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Ottumwa weekly courier. (Ottumwa, Wapello County, Iowa) 1872-1899, December 12, 1877, Image 2

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn92056106/1877-12-12/ed-1/seq-2/

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12,1877.
ItUkgtin reported that Bismarck
i to resign.
Judge Rothrock will be Chief JlM
tlee of Iowa next month.
The 1880 census i* expected to aho w
47,000,000 people in this country.
Tiffin. Ohio, auppliea the world
with 5.000 churns and 40,000 dozen
washboards per annum.
The Cincinnati Commercial hitathe
nail on the head when it says that if
Hayes vetoes the sllTer bill, the next
President will be a man who will
sign it.
Attention is called to the Gover
nor^ proclamation, found elsewhere.
We don't apprehend auy good reason
Ihytke
proclamation was not issued
MMtifttely after the outrages occur
red.
Plevna has fallen and the Work of
the 80,000,000 Russians, to subjugate
the 18,000,000 Turks, all in the much
abused name of Christianity, goes on
towards ita inevitable accomplish
ment.
Tom Hendricks has given in his
adhesion to the reign of Vice-Presi
dent Wheeler. Now, then, if Sam
Carey who ran on the Keter Pooper
ticket for Vice-President will surren
der, everything will be serene.
Alexander don't seem to be as good
a Christian as Will ism was. At any
rate we don't get as many dispatches
about the slaughter of the Turks on
acoount of the Lord as William used
to send to Augusta about his dead
French.
The widow of the California bank
er, Ralston, is turning out badly, be
ing in a fair way to squander in Eu
rope the remnant of her husbands
estate, saved to her by Senator Shar
on, on a worthless married rake
named Chandor, of New York, with
whom ehe seems to be living on the
Parisian plan in Paris.
If the President vetoes the silver
bill, it will take two-thirds of both
Honaea of Congress to overcome the
veto and pass the bill in spite of his
*oppoaition. But if his veto could be
submitted to the popular vote of the
people of his own state, or of Illinois,
or of the whole west, a nine-tenths
majority to overcome it could easily
be obtained.—Chicago Tribune,
"Bet" Clarkson, editor of the Reg
ister, writes to that paper from Wash
ington that, after several weeks of
patient pilgrimage in Iowa, Illinois,
Indium, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Mary
land, New York, Rhode Island, Dela
ware, Massachusetts, Maine and New
Hampshire, he has failed to find the
policy popular anywhere with repub
licans and only popular with Confed
erates at Washington.
George William Curtis rejoices, in
his Harper'* Weekly, that such men
as H. Fish, Jr., and W. W. Astor
have been elected to the Legislature,
They are squirty, foppish young
popinjays, who have inherited great
wealth, and who keep last horses,
yachta, etc. They wear eye-glasses
and little, tiny canes, and part their
hair and their little ideas in the mid
dle like the man milliner Curtis, and
hence are great reformers.
Iowa is a pretty strong republican
state If in the mutations incident
to society, democracy should elect
in 1880, a President, and appoint a U.
8. Marshal of the democratic pursue
sion, to serve process upon the repub
11
cans of Iowa,we trust the democratic
President, whoever he may he, npon
the request of our republican Senators
will straightway turn out the demo
cratic Marshal and appoint a republi
can, when told that republicans don't
like to have a democratic Marshal
about.
It was slightly amusing to notice
the Policy and fieform papers that
had been so busy denouncing ma
chine politicians, all at once turn upon
Patterson and Conover with bitter re
vilings because they tailed to remain
true to the "machine." And by the
same token they lauded Wheeler for
being a machine politician. It must
be that Reform is like the Maine li
quor law—to be approved in theory,
but condemned in practice. After all
it takes a machine politician to keep
the machine on the track.—Reg titer.
The Ottumwa COCKIER complains
of a lot of vinegar-jugs (not revenue
officers) who run around the country
and hunt up alleged violations of the
revenue law, and drum up cases, put
parties to expense, have them arrest
ed, only to have the case thrown out
of court.
We had eome knowledge of the ac
tions of some such parties, last year,
.a^D-FELT much as the COURIER did,
"that It was
1
And this is the great reform and
unterrified democratic party which
has filled its belly with east wind and
howled so long and loud against vot
**ing away the people's land, and the
people's money to subsidize rascally
railroad swindles!
see
We want to
the government £?force its laws, but
when these leeches delve
not to punish offenders/^?4
ma^e
a pitiable fee, then it is tin5t^2£-T§=- "pay interest
atriction was put upon it.—Oskaloosa
Herald.
About a dozen Texaa Pacific Rail
road Bills altogether, appropriating
from $15,000 to $35,000 per mile each
in cash aubsidies have already been
introduced into 'the Confederate
House, and one of tbeae days the
V great reform democratic party
through its representatives in Wash
ington will be found led up by the
f,:ear by Tom Scott, and voted for this
steal in some one of its various shapes.
The east, as represented in Congress
seems, to a great extent, a unit for
doubling the real vaiue of the large
indebtedness to it, by wVping out sil
vei as a money factor of this country.
Again the east is to a very considera
ble extent, favoring peace and quiet
for the sake of the dollar in business,
though that peace be obtained by
the permission granted to the ex-reb
el element of the south to demand
and enforce perfect obedienee of the
republicans of that section, upon pain
of death for refusal. These are feat
ures that the major portion of the re
publican party will never agree to,
in our judgment. Opposition to
them includes very broad and vital
principles, both of them as btoad as
any party in this nation ever stood
upon.
IT is a significant fact experience
has demonstrated that when men fall
out with their friends, with their par
ty, they seem to bear an especial spite,
a rule, against the friends from
whom they have estranged them
a«lves. We must confess that the ru
advisers of the present adminis
tration, we fear are of the estranged
.class above referred to. The follow
ers of these men were few in 72 and
since, but they were a stubborn set of
chaps and felt revengefully agrieved
because, as the tail of the republican
elephant, they could not wag him.
JThey stand in the U. S. Senate to-day
In the ratio of one to thirty-*ereo.—
91* almost solid to a man character
of the stalwart republican party la
lis, «bows that tip#
.1 yot strenuously
object to be run ly the tail.
TIIK report of the lion. Geo. W.
MeCrarv, Secretary of War, in pam
phlet form, is before us. It is just
such a carefully prepared and excel
lent report as we should expect from
Iowa's able representative in the Cab
inet.
The Secretary alludes to the fact
that, under existing laws, only three
hundred officers are allowed upon
the retired list at any one time. The
report show* that there are now fifty
seven officers, who upon examination
are pronounced unfit for duty and
cannot be retired because the author
ized number of three hundred areal
ready retired. The Secretary very
properly asks that the number of offi
cers that may be retired, be increased.
Touching the Mexican difficulties,
he says that the Mexican government
is so weak that our troops have been
ordered to, and have frequently cross
ed the Mexican border after marau
ders. This course was rendered nec
essary because it was absolutely the
only way in which their predatory ex
cursions could be stopped.
He especially urges upon Congress
an apprcpriation to collect and pub
lish the war records of the rebellion*
The last Confederate Congress did not
seem to care about preserving these
records and so cut down the usual
appropriation. The Secretary asks
for a liberal appropriation to contin
ue this work. The recommendations
contained in the report, are many
and wise.
IN 1874 a good many of the high
toned commercial houses in New
York were caught swindling the
custom officers, and forthwith these
swindlers made such 'a hue and cry
against the detectives, through the
papers, that they were abolished, and
the importers put on their good be
havior.
A distinguished member of Con
gress, who has had occasion to watch
the operation of the customs service,
estimates the annual los? at 40 per
cent. but if w e take the lower esti
mate at 25 per cent,, stated by Mr.
Curtis and his associates, the figures
are sufficiently startling. The receipts
from customs in the United States, in
1874, for instance, were $163,103,833
the one-fourth lost would be 154,000,
000 and the total amount which we
should have received would have
been $217,000,000. If we apply the
estimates to the customs receipts at
New York in 1876, the one-fonrth
loss would be t3G,000,000, making the
amount which the government should
have received at New York $144,000,
000, instead of the amount actually
received, $108,000,000.
The Collector of New York, in
submitting a table, and referring to
the probable effect of the law of June
22,1874, remarks: "Without any de
sire to argue in behalf of informers
or detective officers, I am yet strong
ly of the opinion that the aboye fig
ures represent a loss of many millions
to the government, caused by the
comparative safety of those who are
undertaking and accomplishing great
frauds."
This estimated loss of "many mill
ions" in consequence of the legisla
tion of 1874 is in addition to the loss
es variously estimated, in 1871,
at 25 per cent, and 40 per cent, of the
entire revenue.
ACCORDING to President Hayes'
message, all bonds issued prior to
1873, are unquestionably payable in
coin, gold or silver. Admit, for the
purpose of wkat we have to say, that
this is correct, and that bonds issued
since are not so payable, though we,
in fact radically differ with him. We
have $700,000,000 of 6 per cent bonds
issued before '73. Let the govern
ment establish a system of savings
banks for the people through postoffi
ces or otherwise, and let the people
have a chance to place their savings
in 3.65 or 4 per cent, bonds of the
country, and remonetize silver and
enable the people to buy these bonds
with that kind of coin. This done, let
the government take up the 6 per
cent, bonds with the money thus ob
tained from the people by the sale of
the new bonds. It is estimated that
there are over twice $700,000,000 now
deposited in savings banks, and since
savings banks are now suspending
rapidly, and their solvency rendered
doubtful, it would be very popular
with the people to invest in govern
ment bonds of small denominations.
This course would, in three years, at
the outside, absorb the $700,000,000 of
6 per cents, and reinvest it among our
own people, in small bonds. We
would not need any syndicate to do
this, we think, nor be dependent on
the capitalists of the world to fund
our indebtedness. If, after silver is
remonetized and placed upon a level
with gold, silver shall not be found
to equal gold according to the old ra
tio, scale it up so that it will equal it.
All this could be effected at the pres
ent session of Congress. Bonds in
the hands of our own people woi|]&
keep at home the inte_r»Sfc*"paid on
them and coin Wfru'id
not
e*pSrt8ffTHr
hare to be
largely, to Europe, to
Informers.
The Ottumwa COURIER has a well
written article denouncing the petty
persecutions of the U. S. Revenue of
ficers. The occasion for the article
was this: One farmer in Wapello
county sold a small amount of leaf
tobacco to be used in curing scab on
sheep. He was no dealer in tobacco
did not raise it to sell and had no
thought of violating the law. Some
contemptible puppy anxious to secure
the mileage, fees, &fc., having heard of
the transaction filed an intormation
at Keokuk and the old farmer finds
himself arrested for what he consid
ered a neighborly act. We have had
a few such cases iu this county and
there certainly is some way to punish
the scalawags who make a living by
getting honest men in trouble. The
law is not intended to cover such cases
and they are generally dismissed by
the court, but always at the expense
of the party accused.
If no other way is to be found out
of the difficulty a little judicious
lynching would be healthy. In one
case in this county a scalawag came
to parties who had been guilty of a
technical violation of the revenue
laws and when they asked him what
they should do to avoid trouble, he
said if they would take out license
and pay so much nothing would be
said. They were innocent of any
crime, but saw that trouble could be
made and go promptly complied with
his demands. Supposing this would
be the last of it, their surprise may be
imagined when the hound had gone
back to Keokuk and securod an in
dictment against them.
There is no language which will
adequately express our deep con
tempt for such characters as these pet
ty informers. In almost every in
stance a man who will engage in such
business is a black hearted scoundrel
and public opinion should scourge
him from respectable society.
Neither the court, the marshal nor
the attorney are responsible for the
existence of this class of vampires, but
it does seem as though they could
makaAto bugiueBs a little more disre
putable.—Bloomfleld Republican.
The COURIER did not say, and does
not now believe, that 17. 8. Revenue
officers were engaged in the disreput
able practices we alluded to.
If B.C. David, of Dubuque, late
Special Agent of the P. O. Depart
ment, and now Surveyor General of
Wyoming, furnished Mr. Harlan's
letter of 1873, marked private, and
about private matters, on his own
motion, to the press for publication,
be ought to be removed.
The man who would betray pri
vate confidence, would betray the
public if occasion offered.
v
Those birds of prey, Jay Gould and
Whitolaw Reid, who befntil old Hor
ace Greeley's Eagle Nest, have final
ly become alarmed at their own dirty
work and issue the following note of
warning in their annual prospectus:
"The Tribune earnestly strove for
the election of President Hayes, and
it gives its heartiest support to the
high purposes of his administration.
Doubting the wisdom of methods
sometimes taken by his subordinates,
and criticising with entire freedom
his occasional mistakes, it still thinks
it the duty of the hour to hold to
gether and strengthen the party that
elected and alone sustains him. It
believes the day of danger to the ne
gro has passed, and that of danger to
the Tax Payer has come. The Solid
South (at last in full control of every
rebel and border State) sees its chance
to get at the National Treasure, and
get back what it lost by the war. On
ly 47 Northern votes are needed. If
Tammany Hall couM furnish New
York, then Indiana, or Connecticut
and New Jersy, would suffice. The
danger is upon us and against it the
old party of Freedom, still the party
of the Churches and the School
Houses, is the only bulwark. It alone
can keep the Solid South from grasp
ing the National Government in 1880.
It alone can save us even now from
Democratic abandoment of Tcsump
tion and renewed debasement of the
currency, which would needlessly and
most wickedly check the revival of
business and treble the country's bur
dens. In behalf of the old party,
therefore, The Tribune renews the old
appeal to the National conscience, the
National honor and the enlightened
self-interest of the Tax-Payers."
It is an instructive political lesson
to notice the fear and trembling which
have overtaken the piratical press
which set out in 1872 to betray and de
stroy the Republican party. Those
of them, like Gould, who belong to
the creditor classes of the people, and
who have their pockets full of public
and private evidences of indebtedness,
begin now to aee that they are figura
tively up a tree, and have been indus
triously, for the past five years, saw
ing off the limb between themselves
and the trunk. If they come tum
bling down to the ground one of these
days, there will be a great number of
dry eyes at the funeral.
Elsewhere in the same paper we
find an elaborate and, in the main, a
favorable review of the President's
message, in which the following pas
sage occurs:
"He takes precisely the ground in
relation to resumption and remoneti
zation which was described in the
Tribune yesterday. He is unaltera
bly opposed to any postponement of
the date of resumption, to any wa
vering in purpose or unsteadiness in
methods' in dealing with this great
measure, which involves the prosper
ity and honor of the Nation. Noth
ing could be more forcible, more re
assuring, more dignified, more satis
factory every way than his utterance.
It will greatly strengthen the party
of hard money and fair dealing, and
go far in counteracting the bad eflect
abroad of the recent vote of the
House of Representatives, Still more
effectual, perhaps, in meuding our
shattered credit will be his explicit
statement of views on the Silver
question. Although he is in favor of
keeping silver in circulation on equal
terms with gold, he would not have
it made an unlimited legal tender,
even in private commercial transac
tions, while he rejects altogether, as
inconsistent with good faith as well
as a sound financial policy, the idea
of making it applicable to the pay
mentof the interest or principal of
any part of the public debt. lie bas
es this declaration upon a high sense
of National duty, and a clear percep
tion of the moral aspects of the case
It is quite inconceivable, after this,
that he should ever be shaken in his
resolution we may take it to be cer
tain what he will do in case any of
the pending silver schemes pass Con
gress.'
We believe that the Republican
party is a substantial unit in favor of
paying the National debt, principal
and interest, precisely as it was
agreed to do, notwithstanding the
fact that the gallantry of our soldiers,
and the loyal support of the people,
made the investment an uncommonly
good one to the capitalist who took
our bonds
We also Delieve that a large por
tion of the mora respectable class of
democrats, agree with] the Republi
cans that the payment of the national
debt should not be questioned or
re-opened.
But these bonds have, to a great ex
tent passed from the hands of the
original purchasers, who never cx
pected anything better than coin, ei
ther gold or silver, at the option of
the government, for their loans, in
to the hands of the Goulds, Yander
bilts, Belmonts, and Rothschilds, who
have, in a secret and rascally manner,
manipulated a committee of Congress
which has smuggled through both
houses of that body, a bill demone
tizing silver, thus greatly increasing
the value and purchasing power of
gold, and proportionately reducing
the ability of the people to discharge
their public and private obligations.
If there is danger in the political
situation it is because you, Messrs
Bondholders, have re-opened a dan
gerous question, which had generally
become to be considered a settled one.
If the Jay Goulds^ JyyMlIcfirteefh
chattering and ttfeir knees knocking
togSlfetFTike Belshazzar's, at the pros
pect of the Confederates, Commun
ists, and Iconoclasts coming into pow
er, they have only to thank themselves
and their class of journalists who
have been hamstringing the Repub
lican party since 1S72.
We may add that it is our deliber
ate opinion that if the doctrines above
enunciated in the Tribune, on the Sil
ver question, are adhered to, and be
come the settled policy of the Admin
titration as well as of the bondhold
ers and Shylocks, it won't be long
until these fellows can put their ears
to the ground and hear the steady
tramp of a coming party, bearing on
on its banners, Remonetization or Re
pudiation, and it will bo a party
which will win, and come to stay.
There is just one way to avoid the
calamities which the Tribune stands
aghast at, and that is to give the debt
or classes of the people as fair and
exact justice as is meted out to the
creditor classes.
The entire Republican delegation in
Congress from New York State, ex
cept Chittenden who was elected in
1872 as a Liberal, have joined in a let
ter asking the President not to again
send in the names of BMsevelt for Col
lector and Priuce for Naval officer of
New York City, to which the Presi
dent returned a prompt refusal, and
again at once renominated them to
the Senate. This means that the Pres
ident and Secretary Evarts knows
more about the character and fitness
of official appointments in New York
State, than its entire republican dele
gation in Congress does. It means
farther that Ben Hill, Gordon, Ste
phens & Co., can get men appointed
in the South while Conkling, Town
send & Co., of the great State of New
York cannot. It means that there
isn't conciliation enough to go around
and that the Republicans of that State
are left out of the list.
John P. Irish, late democratic can
didate for Governor of Iowa, says in
his Iowa City Press, of the message
on finances "that it is the voice of Til
"den but the hand of Hayes,'' and
that "If President Tilden were in the
office to which he was elected this
"message would differ only in supe
rior English and a manlier method."
Which we hope will hare a tenden
cy to reconcile our friends of the
democratic persuasion to Ilayes' ad'
ministration.
An oil well has been found within
the limits of the city of Pittsburgh.
That Circular-
This Week's Mt. Pleasant Journal
will publish the following letter ad
dressed to the editor of that paper by
ex-Scuator Harlan, viz:
MT. PI.F.ASANT, Iowa, Dec. 7, *77.
To the Editor of the Journal—MT
DEAR SIR: This morning I received
your note of the fith inst., informing
me that some of the newspapers of
our state have published a statement
Baying that I have issued a circular
against Senator Allison. You are
kind enough to add that although you
know this allegation to be untrue,
you call my attention to it, supposing
that 1 may not have seen it.
Please accept my thanks for your
courtesy. I have not seen any such
statement, and no averment could be
more false. I have not issued, au
thorized or abetted in any method
whatever, the issuance of any circu
lar, letter or communication of any
character, against the Senator, and
have no reason for doing so. I am
not a candidate for the Senatorial suc
cession or any other public station
and have constantly been treated by
him with all the attention, courtesy,
consideration and respect which any
private citizen could expect or desire
from a public servant occupying his
eminent position.
Equally untrue is another state
ment to which my attention has been
called within the last few days, print
ed in the Daily Democrat, to the effect
that I have recently authorized the
publication of a private letter, said to
have been written by me some time
in the year 1873, addressed to General
David, intended to reflect on the char
acter of Senator Allison and others.
1 have not at any time authorized,
sanctioned, countenanced, been privy
to or consulted about the publication
of any such letter, nor do I believe
that General David would so grossly
violate the confidence of a friend as
to do so, nor that the lettor, as printed
in the Daily Democrat, is a correct
copy of any letter ever written by me
and addressed to General David or
anybody else.
You are at liberty to make what
ever use of this note you may deem
the circumstances require. With
great respect, yours truly.
JAS. HARLAN.
Two Croat Slobbering Statssmtn
Who Have Suddenly Become
Implacable*.
.Toe M*JiU's Trlbnnc.
At this juncture the President
avails himself of the privilege of his
annual message to blast the popular
hope by casting his influence, and in
eflect threatening his veto, in behalf
of the blood-suckers, who insist upon
receiving from 15 to 25 per cent
more than they loaned, in addition
to their interest. This Presidential
utterance has deepened the general
despondency of the country pending
the uncertainty of its influence on
Congress. The people who were
blue before are bluer than ever, and
those who were hopeful are now
downcast. The depression must con
tinue in the present state of things,
forcing institutions that arc in fact
solvent into suspension, and every
suspension still further retarding the
recovery of confidence. There is
but one hope of present relief, and
that rests in the prompt response of
Congress to the popular will by the
deferment of resumption and by the
remonetization of silver, iu despite
of the (harps and Shylocks.
U. BUI Curlis* Harper'P Weekly.
It would be uncandid, however,
not to state frankly that those who
are most disposed to support the ad
ministration have been disappointed
that its course seems at times to be
both timid and inconsistent. Decis
ion, vigor and courage arc always in
spiring, and it has been too often for
gotten by the administration that the
strength of its support is among those
who are not especially politicians,
and who do not make themselves
loudly heard. When such friends
see things which they cannot explain
nor reconcile with the assumed prin
ciples of the administration, they have
nothing to say in reply to the jeers
and taunts of its open opponents^ and
without doubting good intentions,
thev are disheartened and perplexed.
Here's Your Conciliation.
A special dispatch from Washing
ton to the Chicago Tribune says
The last issue of the Charleston (S.
C.) Xews and Courier, has an edito
rial, warning the colored Republicans
of Charleston, not to support, at the
municipal election next week, the In
dependent ticket, composed of color
ed Republicans and Independent
white Democrats. The article which
causes considerable comment here,
savs:
Upon the colored people of Charles
ton will rest the responsibility for the
defeat of the Democratic ticket, or
the attempt to defeat it. The defeat
of the democratic tinket by the color
ed people' will rekindle the angry
feelings that were fast dying out the
old color-line will be re-established,
and the whites will be pitted square
ly against the blacks. Does any col
ored man doubt the result of such
contest, tin State Government in ev
ery department being controlled by
Democrats'(
Those despots calling themselves
democrats, are nursing beneath their
feet, a volcano that will one day over
whelm them, it may be, in blood.
.FITZSIMMONS AGAIN.
The appointment of Fitzsimmons as
United States Marshall for Georgia
has shaken our faith in the President's
sincerity more than any other step he
has taken. We believed him mista
ken before now- that word will not
express it.
Marshal Smyth waB a Republican
and, therefore, his assuming to dis
charge the duties of the office was, aB
the Georgia .Democratic papers ex
press it^^an outrage on the people."
"To relieve the people from this "out
rage," the President promised Sena
tors Gordon and Hill to remove
Smyth and appoint a Democrat in his
stead. The two Senators named de
cided, after much quarrelling, that
Huff, the present Mayor of the city
of Macon, was the man for the place.
The President instituted inquiries
among the Republicans of Georgia as
to the acceptability of Huff. He then
had a disposition to please them if a
Democrat could be found to do it.
The Republicans said, with great
unanimity, that, if they must have a
Democratic Marshal, they preferred
Huff to any other that he was a
plain-spoken honest man, and not a
bitter partisan that he accepted the
constitutional, amendments in good
faith, and would strive to enforce
them impartially. When Gordon
heard this he withdrew his support
from HufI and gave it to Fitzsimmons
who was also an applicant. Fitzsim
mons is Wade Hampton's nephew,
and believes the amendments wrong
in principle, and that they were
fraudulently foisted upon the people
of the South, and will not enforce
them. The Republicans of Georgia
protest against his appointment.
At the request of Hill and Gordon,
the President sends in the name of
Fitzsimmons. Every Republican
member of the Judiciary Committee
of the Senate voted to report against
bis confirmation. The report was
made. The Democrats, however, with
the aid of Conover and Patterson, vo
ted his confirmation, notwithstanding
the adverse report.
Because Huff accepts of the new or
der of things, and is willingto enforce
the law in spirit and in letter, Hill
and Gordon desert him, and the Re
publican Prerident sanctions and con
firms the step. Because the Republi
cans of Georgia say he is a fair man,
though a Democrat, Hill and Gordon
think he is not the man for the place,
and the Republican President chimes
in with them. Fitzsimmons is oppos
ed to the constitutional amendments,
the magna charta of Southern Repub
licans. llill and Gordon say lie is
referable to Huff, and the Republican
resident says amen.—Inter-Ocean.
i:
A Sensible View.!
In the excess of talk about "civil
service reform," only one principle
clearly exists namely, that an official
is entitled to tenure until the expira
tion of his commission, unless re
moved for malfeasance. If Mr. Conk
ling succeeds in persuading the Sen
ate to establish this one principle,
Mr. Hayes should regret it less than
anybody else for, in addition to its
intrinsic justice, the existence of such
a precedent would save him many a
wasted hour of worthless worry. In
fact, no matter what personal pique
may exist between Mr. Hayes and
Mr. Conkling, it is uot creditable to
the former that a Senator should have
to teach him to apply the only discov
erable principle of "civil-service re
form" to an administration which
has made "civil-service reform" its
chief hobby.—Chicago Times.
There are said to be many impecu
nious Americans stranded in Pari*
and London.
Very Nairow Gang*.
Bosthn Correspondence of the New York •ren
in? KxpnM.
There is "something i.ew under the
sun" in railroads. At least I have
seen no description in any New York
paper of what has just been experi
mentally completed in Massachusetts.
A perfectly working, safe—yea, much
safer than the ordinary—road baa
been produced, and which will revo
lutionize traffic in both passengers and
freight The cost and the pries of
both will come down one-half, and
yet the companies can coin money
where they cannot now pay expen
ses.
The young gentleman who conceiv
ed this plan is a practical wood aad
iron machinist, ana also an engineer.
To show how narrow a track may be,
and be practical and safe, with his
own hands he constructed a railroad,
having but ten inches width of track,
from the elevated village of Hyde
Park down to the depot. He also,
with his own hands, constructed the
cars to run on the track. In these he
carried in six weeks over 3,000 pas
sengers from the village down to the
depot, without the slightest injury to
any one. There were several short
curves on the way, and the track
crossed the highway twice. The peo
ple of Billerica, wishing a road across
through their town from North Bil
lerica, on the Boston and Lowell Bail
road, to Bedford, a distance of eight
and a half miles, requested the pro
jector, Mr. George E. Mankfield, to
come and give the people a lecture oa
narrow-track railroads. Some said:
"It is a chimerical notionbut oth
ers said, "This is of God and must
prevail," and they gave a helping
hand and secured a movement so fhr
as to get a petition for a charter from
the Legislature. The chatter was al
lowed. Then the right of way was
secured gratis the whole distance.—
Two very able men gave the way only
because, as they said, it was only a
visionary, crazy-headed scheme, and
would never be accomplished. But
next the stock was subscribed. Ben
Butler went in for one-fiftieth of the
whole stock, which was $50,000.
Then came the building of the road,
which was completed by the 1st of
September, so that cars passed over
the entire route that day, and secured
the right of way. There are eleven
bridges on the ronte, one over 100 feet
long. The rail weighs twenty-five
pounds to the yard, which is quite
strong enough twenty pounds
would do. The road is well built
and equipped one grade is 155 feet
The cars and engines of the road
will at once attract and fix the atten
tion. They are very well proportion
ed and make a very handsome appear
ance. The engine is behind the ten
der and next to the cars, so that when
the train moves the car next to the
engine draws down upon and increas
es the adhosion of the engine to the
track. Both engine and cars are con
structed so as to be very near the
ground, giving great advantage in
regard to safety, also very little oscil
lation. The cars have an aisle with
one seat on each side, in the same
manner as ordinary cars have two
seats. The length of the car allows
thirty seats, each person having a seat
to himself. The cars are warmed
with steam, well ventilated, have clos
ets, water tank, all the modern im
provements, Westinghouse brakes,
etc. They weigh but four tons and a
half, ordinary cars weighing on an
average eighteen tons. Hence Mans
field will carry sixty persons with
cars weighing nine tons, while ordi
nary roads must draw eighteen tons
to carry fifty-six persons. The en
ginesare equally light, and cost less
than on ordiuary roads. It is quite
evident that a road eight and a half
miles long, which cost, equipped, $1,
500 less than $50,000, and which can
be run for half the expense upon ordi
nary roads, must be a great and nota
ble achievement The road cost $4,
500 per mile. The trains run about
twenty-five miles per hour. Engines
weigh about eight tons, and draw
two passenger and two freight cars
twice per day each way, at a cost of
coal only one-fourth that of ordinary
engines.
Senatorial Personals.
The following list will show the
names of Senators, and the years in
which they werj born
1809—Hamlin.
1810—Morril.
1812—Armstrong, ChriatfcUtcy.
1813—Thurman, Kirkwood.
1815—Anthony.
1816—Dawes, Eaton, Howe, Ker
nan.
1817— Saulsbury, Saunders.
1818—Harris, Johnston, Barnnm.
1819—McDonald.
1820—Vice President Wheeler.
1821—Sharon, Withers.
1822—Beck, Dennis.
1823—Davi«, of West Va., Hill,Gro
ver.
1824—Matthews, Morgan, Oglesby,
Rollins, Whytc, Burn side.
1825—Lamar, Marcey, Hereford,
Booth, Chaffee
182G —McMillan, Randolph, Ran
Bom, Cameron, of Wis.
1827—Windom, Ferry.
1828—Edmonds, Bayard, Yoorhees.
1829—Conkling, Coke, Allison.
1830—Blaine, Jones (Nev.). Merri
mon, Paddock, Patterson, Teller, Kel
logg.
1831—Wadleigh.
1832—Gordon, Garland, J[ones
tFlnrida).
1833—Ingalls, McPherson, Mitch
ell, Cameron, (Pa).
1834—Cockerell.
1836—Spencer.
1837—Plumb.
1840—Conover.
1841—Bruce.
1842—Dorsey.
Wallace, Davis, of Illinois, and
McCreery, of Kentucky, decline to
give their ages.
Edmunds is the oldest looking man
—one would take him to be a cente
narian, at least, and he could sit very
appropriately for the wandering
Jew. Ferry, who sits behind him
and is one year older, looks voi
enough to be his son so does Booth,
who is two years older.
Dorsey is the youngest man who
ever sat in the Senate he has been
there nearly fire years, and came in
at the age of thirty as young as is
allowed by the constitution.
Vice President Wheeler, Booth.
McDonald, Anthony, Burnside, and
Cameron, of Pennsylvania, are un
married.
The attention of all papers interest
ed in the circulation of the Chicago
morning papers is invited to the
following table which shows the
amount of postage paid durinjr the
fiscal year ending June 30th, 1877, by
the Tribune, Timet and The Inter•
Ocean on their daily and weekly edi
tions
natly WmItIV
Chicago Tribune, $2,145.38 $1,208.4*
Chicago Times, 2,217.92 2,368.06
The Inter-Ocean, 3,240.38 8,944.14
It will be seen that the Inter-Ocean
pays on the circulation of its daily
edition one-third more than the Tri
bune does on its daily edition, and
one thousand and twenty-two dollars
and fifty cents more than is paid on
the daily Timet. On its weekly edi
tion, the Inter-Ocean pays nearly
three times at much as the Tribune and
Times combined pay on their week
lies. When it is remembered that
both the Times and Tribune and heav
ier than the Inter-Ocean, weighing
about ten pounds more on every
thousand sheets, the difference in fa
vor of the Inter-Ocean becomes more
marked. To make the comparison
more nearly correct on circulation the
amount paid by the Times and Tri
bune should be reduced 10 per cent.
The figures of the table are official
and cannot be successfully denied.
Inter-Ocean.
Naebjr Rejoicoa Ovar the Haw
Refonnexa.
From the Toledo Blade.
Conover and Patterson hev come
over to us. Conover and Patterson
hev cast their lots with us, and hentz
forth and forever will be found bat
tlin for purity and reform in the Dlm
ocratic ranks. It's an acquisition.—
Patterson is threatened, it is troo,
with the Penitenshary, but wat uv
that Whenever a Republikin puts
hisself in danger uv the Penitenshary,
he jist becomes fit for the Dimocrisy.
A Republikin's bein in danger uv the
Penitenshary, shows that he hez bin
contemplatin a change in his politikle
afllliashens, and hez bin preparin for
it. Welcom, Patterson and Conover!
Welcom! last recroots to the army uv
reform. I see the end. The House
is ours, the Senit is ours, and the yoo
serper stands alone. lie hez in hi*
yooserplp hands the symbol uv pow
er, but its est harmless ez a sword uv
lath. We hev him and the party wich
forced him onto us. JSf the Dimoc
risy hev any senoe, the Post O^ses is
ours in
Good clerks and
Ire the (Hinge
nesa.
advertising
good bust
In letting Stanley discover Interior
Africa the sum of $100,000 has been
expended.
President Hayes has given up his
Intended Idslt to New Orleans during
the holidays.
It is said that Whitelaw Reid's con
tract as editor of the New York Trib
une closes with the current year.
There are six families in WestMid
dleton, Allegheny county, Pa., which
can march out sixty-eight children
on dress parade.
A tramp who sought to get warm
by sitting on the top of a limekiln,
near Mageetown, Montgomery coun
ty, Pa., was suffocated and burned to
death.
The Japaneso never swear they
have no word corresponding to our
popular damn their strongest epi
thet is "bacca," which means fool or
least.
A citizen of Newburyport, Mass.,
is fattening 500 fro^s, upon which he
te keeps them in a
them on Indian
expects to feast.
barrel and feeds
meal.
A large shed in Somerville, Mass,
has been stocked with wood, saws
and sawbucki, and tramps are at lib
erty to earn their meals there or to
go hungry.
A Wisconsin landlord is mourning
over a delinquent guest who came to
town to lecture on "how to get rich,"
and then hadn't enough change to pay
his hotel bill.—New York Commer
cial A nrertiser.
The Ballard (Ky.) News says an as
sassin entered a room at Lovelace
ville and attempted to cut Captain
Howie's throat, but in the dark he cut
at the wrong end and amputated two
of the Captain's toes.
One of the Eastern war corres-
Siscourages
ondents states that Osman Pasha
amputation among his
wounded, because if his subjects re
cover they will be useless for war
and entitled to pensions.
It may not be generally known that
the Southern Confederacy ever coin
ed any money, but a man living in
Alabama has a silver quarter, bearing
upon it the head of Jefferson Davis,
which was coined in 1862.
An exchange remarks that a great
many people find amusementin study
ing bill boards. And it may be ad
ded, says the Wooster Press, that
their number is greatly in excess of
those who find any amusement in
studying board bills.
The British Government has con
tracted with the owners of the Bell
telephone for its use as a part of the
British telegraphic system, and the
German telegraphic department is oi
ganizing telephonic communication
for distances not exceeding fifty
miles.
The German system of having the
lover spend his evenings with his
sweet-heart, in the presence of the
whole family, hes much to caminend
it, though the hearty Germans toler
rate a degree of caressing familiarity
between the lovers under such cir
cumstances which would be odious
to American observers
The Dajlas (Tex.) Herald paints a
gloomy picture of the labor market
in that city. It says: "Every fresh
arriving train but adds to the miser
able multitude that suffers, starves,
and finally fights its way back East
again. Before the door of nearly ev
ery house there daily begs a swarm
that would sadden the heart of a sat
yr.r
The Louisville News has a half col
umn of precepts on good manners.
Some of them are pretty vigorous,
for example the following "If you
play the piano or organ, do not wrig
gle your body or sway or sprawl
over the keys or get your head down
over your hands. Some men think
they may be 'broad' in their talk bo
fore a lady who is married. Knock
them down."
William Dooley, an amateur detect
ive, in search of two cattle thieves,
found them at church at White Sul
phur, Ky., whereupon, pistol in hand,
he informed preachcr and congrega
tion that they were under arrest.
While everybody looked astonished,
he picked out his men, marched them
out of the building at the muzzle of
his weapons, and tnrning on the step,
shouted to the minister that he could
go on.
"NEWSPAPER PROPERTY."—Some
one started the report that the Bur
lington Haiokeye was valued at $125,
000, and the Cedar Falls Gazette doubts
the story and thinks it ought to be
#25,000, only. Pshaw, boss, we know
a country office not very far away
that would eat a mighty big hole in
your $25,000. if it was for sale (which
it isn't), and we doubt not the Hatrk
eye is worth the first sum mentioned.
The Qazette evidently is not posted
on first-class property, either city or
country.—Oskaloosa Herald.
Yalentine Blatz, of Milwaukee, re
cently delivered a lecture on "Glu
cose," before the Wisconsin Natural
History Societp. This article of glu
cose is of comparatively recent dis
covery, and is manufactured out of
corn, grapes and several other sub
stances. Mr. Blatz is a confectioner
and uses large quantities of the prod
uct in the make-up of candies, con
tending that mixed ordinary sugar
candy is far less injuriou than when
made entirely of sugar. It is much
cheaper, being worth only five cents
per pound, while sugar is worth ten
and eleven cents. Browers are also
using it, and it is said to improve
the beer.
Colored and Bald-Beaded.
Years ago the then well known firm
of W. & Co., BoBton, agents for a pop
ular line of Australian packet ships,
received a letter of inquiry from Cin
cinnati. Correspondence followed,
and second cabin passages were en
gaged for Mr. and Mrs. Joseph Hat
ield, their son Joseph .T. and Miss
Blanche, who were politely urged to
pnt in an appearance in Boston on or
before May 5th, as "the good ship
Daniel Sharp, whereof Joseph D.
Cushing is master for this present
voyage," would sail on the day fol
lowing, weather permitting.
On the morning designated a young
darkey exquisite, sporting a tall hat
and ivory-headed cane, sauntered in
to the elegantly appointed office and
demanded
"Is dig yer de office of W. & Co.
"Yes, it is," growled the senior W.,
from behind his desk, frowning over
his gold-howed spectacles at the in
truder.
"Well, sah, me and my folks are
Knielout
ine to Melbourne in your ship
Sharp, I"—
"Not if I know it—you are not go
ing to do auy such."
"How so, sab Didn't I correspond
With you from Cincinnati, and engage
passage for my fodder and mudder
and Miss Blanche
"What 1 Is your name Hatfield?"
roared the dismayed agent.
"Yes, sah, my name's Hatfield,
and"—
"Why in the devil didn't you notify
me that you were colored
"Why in dedebbil didn't you noti
fy me dat you was baldheaded
The pertinent rejoinder silenced old
W., and although two or three pas
sengers who preferred to have the
color line drawn outside of a ship's
second cabin, gave up their berths
and were refunded their passage
money, the Hatfields complacently
sailed iu the Sharp.
Ottmata Changed by Cultivation.
There is a general belief through
out our Western (ountry that marked
changes in climate are consequent up
on the settlement of a region, and
that, in fact, these changes become
perceptible within a few years when
ever a railroad is laid through a new
country. Mr. I.audsborough, an ex
lorer of note, 'adds to the evidence
n favor of this notion, by his observ
tions in Australia. Keeping sheep is
no longer so proli table there as it used
to be, but on the other hand large
tracts of land that were worthless be
fore. have latterly become fit for ag
riculture. There is a decided increase
of forests and of moisture in parts of
Australia, giving hope that eventual
ly the whole interior desert may be
reclaimed. The direct eflect of sheep
raising has been to keep down the
tall grass which formerly aflorded
material for destructive tires. The
trees, young and old, had been peri
odically burnt by these tires, until tbe
country becoming almost treeless, its
climate had been rendered arid and
its soil sterile. If the facts Aus
tralia can be established, they will af
ford the most remarkable instance
et recorded of climate being modi
ied by the labors and surroundings
of eM}|ied IQJMI.
Knittia, of Ltdislaaa,
tea Rett
Associate Justice Harlan 8 won
In.
*be Steaasee city *t SMIMI MT*
CONGRESSIONAL.
The resolution reported by Dorsey,
instructing the committee ou the Dis
trict of Columbia to inquire and re
port by bill or otherwise, a proper
form of government for the District,
was agreed to.
A number of bills were introduc
ed, among them one by Plumb to de
clare certain lands heretofore grantcdi
to railroad companies forfeited and
to open the same for settlement.
By Johnston, ajnendatory of the
supplementary act to incorporate the
Texas Pacific railroad and aid in its
construction.
After the morning hour Wadleigh,
chairman of the Committee on Elec
tions, called up the resolution declar
ing Eustis entitled to his scat as Sena
tor from Louisiana, and Ingalls, who
signed the minority report, opposed
the resolution, claiming that Eustis'
papers were defective.
After a brief discussion the resolu
tion of Wadleigh was agreed to, yeas
49, nays 8. Those voting in the nega
tive were Allison, Ingalls, Cameron,
of Wis., McMillan, Hamlin, Morrill,
Howe and Saunders.
Matthews called up the concurrent
resolution declaring the right of the
government to pay the principal and
interest of the bonds in 412.'^ grains
silver dollars. Matthews said the
last General Assembly of Ohio passed,
with only four negative votos, a res
olution favoring remonetization. He
believed the deliberate opinion of the
people of that State was thus express
ed. He believed it was legally, equit
ably and morally right for the gov
ernment to remonetize silver. He
proposed to demonstrate this proposi
tion.
He then quoted from the Act to
Strengthen the Public Credit, ap
proved March 18,1869, and argued
that the word, coin, as used in this
act, must not be interpreted to refer
to gold coin alone. If it must be so
interpreted then it would be just as
dishonorable, just as illegal to pay U.
S. Treasury uotes, now circulating as
money, in anything else but gold coin,
as it would be to pay bonds with any
thing but such coin. The question
that this law was designed to solve
was clear. The question had been
agitated whether the debt might not
lawfully be paid in greenbacks. To
answer this question negatively the
act of 1869 was passed, he believed
wisely. It did not seem to him that
the act contemplated the payment of
the bonds only with gold money. If
so, it would so have been stated.—
Coin at that day was silver as well as
gold.
He next quoted from the act of 1862,
fifth section, which provided that all
duties on imports be payable in coin
and coin so received should be set
apart as a special fund for certain
purposes, etc., and argued that up to
the act of 1873, which dropped silver
dollars, silver dollars were receivable
for custom duties and were pledged
for the payment of the interest on the
public debt.
He next quoted from the act of July
14,1870, authorizing the refunding of
the national debt, and said it was in
tended carefully to define the medium
for the redemption of the bonds.—
The measure of value of the bonds
was explicitly declared. They were
declared "redeemable in coin of the
present standard value, and bearing
interest, payable semi-annually in
such coin." There was no ambiguity
that was plain as words could make
it. It meant the standard coin then
existing, despite the debasement
which the Government caused.
He next referred to the specie re
sumption act of 1875. Prior to its pas
sage the act of 1873 had established a
new coinage which dropped from the
list of authorized coins the silver dol
lar. Now, in law and morals, what
difference did this make The Uni
ted States being one of the parties to
tbe contract could not of its own mo
tion change the contract, therefore
that act did not affect bondholders,
and it was therefore logically and le
gally reasonable for the government
to retrace. The government, in or
der to keep itself in position to per
form the contract according to the
letter and spirit, should restore the
silver dollar and keep it to full and
complete legal tender. Senators were
trustees of the nation's honor and pe
cuniary interest. They had no right
to give away one particle of that great
public domain of power which constl
tuted the public right, who had given
out that the purchaser had a right to
expect gold lor bonds because he had
paid gold. It had been said silver
had depreciated. How was the loss
measured By gold Why not say
gold had appreciated
Eaton—Has not silver depreciated
in the purchase of every product?
Matthews—I answer that silver can
buy more of any known product
labor than it could in July, 1870. Sil
ver has not depreciated the breadth of
a hair. On the contrary it has main
tained its position. It can buy to
day, more land, more houses, more
calico, more auything than it could
in 1370.
MMfl.nljl
NOW FULL.
FULL
of
Eaton said he agreed with the Sen
ator that it could bo in America, but
could not be abroad.
Matthews—What have we to do
with abroad V What have we to do
with the inquiry whether lands and
houses have appreciated in value or
not? Who is there that does not
know, from actual, personal observa
tion, that everything has gone down
and that gold alone has gone up
Nothing could prevent persons from
seeing that, but the blindness of those
who had joined the conspiracy to ex
alt gold as the king of money.
Edmunds said, taking the remarks
of the Senator to be true about silver
and gold, why would not his philos
ophy apply as well to copper and
gold.
Matthews—We did not agree to pay
in copper.
Edmunds then asked if the Senator
from Ohio was quite sure gold had
appreciated, and if the price of silks
in France in gold was as high as
was five years ago.
it
Matthews, resuming his argument,
said he had the testimony of his own
personal experience, and that testi
mony was the list of bankruptcies
throughout the country. The testi
mony of sheriffs' sales, to the effect
that everything but gold had depre
ciated in value. What else meant all
thjs discontent What else meant all
this dissatisfaction Tbe distress of
the country now was beyond all his
torical comparison in our country.
It would take but a few more turns
of the wheel to throw the great mass
of our people into bankruptcy.
In conclusion Matthews argued that
if this appreciation of gold should
continue the best investment possible
would be to lock it up and await its
ppreciation.
HOUSE.
Under call of States the following
bills were introduced and referred:
By Joyce, for adjusting salaries of
postmasters on the basis of stamps
cancelled instead of the number sold
also a resolution proposing an amend
ment to the Constitution providing
that the term of office of the Presi
dent be six years also a joint reso
lution in relation to tbe contest be
tween Spain and Cuba.
SENATE.
WASHINGTON, Deo. II.
Nearly the whole morning hour
was occupied in the presentation of
petitions in favor of an amendment
to the constitution to prohibit states
from disfranchising citizens on ac
count of sex and asking the appoint
ment of a commission to inquire into
the alcoholic liquor traffic and urging
Congress not to take any action con
cerning the revision of the tariff until
it shall have ascertained by inquiry
the condition of tbe business of the
country and that legislation be such
as in the opinion of practical business
men will promote the business pros
perity of the country. All were re
ferred.
Conkling submitted a resolution
providing for the appointment of a
Committe of seven Senators to in
quire and report whether any and
what measures can be devised to pro
mote commercial intercourse with
Mexico and to establish a just and
peaceful condition of affairs on the
border between this country and Mex
ico. 11 also authorizes the Committee
to send for persons and papers and to
visit such places as it may think prop
er in making the inquiry. Agreed
Consideration was then resumed of
the resolution of Matthews declaring
the right of Government to pay bonds
in silver, and Kernan spoke la oppo
litton thereto,
Of the Capture of Plevna.
Forty Thousand Prisoners
and 400 Cannon
Cap
tn red.
Oaman
SENATE.
WASHINGTON, Dec. 10.
Pasha Die
Heroli
Great
And Elicits the Applanse of the
Basslaae.
ople.
•nthuelaetlc Iteoeption of Minister
Welsh at Liverpool-
FOREIGN.
CONSTANTINOPLE, Dec. 7.—A Vien
na correspondent contradicts the ru
mors of the ill health of the Czar.
His majesty's return however, to St.
Petersburg in January is probable,
it is assumed that Plevna will have
fhllen.
T1IE TURKISH FORCE AT EBZEROUM.
A Constantinople dispatch says:
Ghazi Moukhta Pasha's army num
bers 25,000 men. This is considered
insufficient to hold Erzeroum, and
reinforcements will be sent him.
WAR TO THE BITTER END.
A Bucharest dispatch says: A Rus
sian statement is published here
which
says that it is better to continue the
war than to conclude a patched up
peace which will sooner or later
make another war necessary. Russia
must obtain autonomy for the Chris
tian population, independence for
Roumania and Servia, increase of
territory for Montenegro, and for
Russia the possession of Batoum and
Kars and the navigation of the Dar
danelles.
LONDON, Dec. 8.—A Russian official
dispatch, dated Bogotj says the bat
tles of Marlani and Elena on the 4th
inst. was more unfortunate for the
Russisns than at first reported. Fif
ty officers and 1,800 men were killed
and wounded and eleven guns cap
tured. Operations on the 6th inst.
were confined to driving the Turkish
right, numbering 10,000 men from
Slataritza Debrova The Turkish
left, confronting Jakonitza, numbers
3.000 men.
SKBVIA BECOMES AOOEESSIVE.
CONSTANTINOPLE, Dec. 8.—The gov
ernor of Kosovo telegraphs that on
Dec. rth Servian forces arrived at
Yavor. Four Servian officials cross
ed the frontier to Sieni:ka and de
manded an explanation of the pres
ence of Turkish troops there and de
manded their withdrawal by noon of
Dec. 6th. There was also disturb
ance and fighting on the fith between
the Servians and Musselman inhabi
tants of Sienicka.
LATER.
The Servians crossed the frontier
at Yavor and erected fortifications
on the Ottoman territory.
Mehemet Ali has confided to Baker
Pasha the command of a division.
COMING IN.
LONDON, Dec. 10.—The steamship
City of Berlin, in tow of the steam
ship City of New York, has passed
Crookhaven.
GREAT
THCfiMU.«F
RIUOICINC OWE
PLKVNA.
BT. PKTKRSBUBG, Dee. 10—evening
—The fall of Plevna occaaiona great
rejoicing here. The theatres are col
ebrating the victory by addition* to
the naual programmes. Eathualastic
popular demonstrations in honor of
the Imperial family and army are
made in the streets and public places
where great crowds are assembled,
cheering and and ainglng the nation
al anthem. The city is partially il
luminated.
BOGOT, Dec. 10.—At9:30this morn
ing, Osman Pasha's entire army at
tacked the Russian grenadiers corps
holding the line of investment on the
left bank of the river Vide, endeavor
ing to force a passage. The attack
was made with desperate energy and
a portion of the Turkish troops did
in fact penetrate the line of entrench
ments and batteries, bat all attempts
to break through the posiUons of the
grenadiers were ineffectual. After
live hours severe fighting the Turks
were defeated and Osman Pasha sur
rounded on all sides, was compelled
to surrender with his whole army.
Up to this time it is impossible to es
timate the number of Turkish prison
ers or the quantity of war material
taken. We only know everything in
Plevna has fallen into our hands.
The Russian losses are inconsidera
ble compared with the result obtain
ed.
NEW YORK, Dec 11—Spedal ad
vices from Bucharest puts the num
ber of Turkish prisoners taken at
Plevna at 4(^000and the number of
guns captured at 700. The (round
which was the scene of the
sortie was
literally strewn with thousands of
dead and dying. Osman Pasha him
self was severely wounded before he
would consent to surrender. His
valor, which is described as desper
ate, is everywhere the theme of con
versation. The sufferings of the
Turks in the beleaguered town were
actually awful. Cold, disease and
famine decimated their ranks and re
duced the soldiers to living skeletons.
To aggravate their sufferings there
were no doctors and no medicine ob
tainable.
RISE IN RL'SSIAN SECURITIES.
There has been an important rise in
all classes of Russian securities on the
London Htock Exchange and they
maintain great firmness, notwith
standing large realizing sales havtr
been thrown upon the market.
The general tone of the London*!
press is to urge a move to seize tha'
present opportunity for mediating
and while it may not yet be too late!
Sofia must be captured before long
and that accomplished, no important
obstacle remains to the advance ol
the victorious Russians on Adriano
pie.
BUCHAREST. Dec. 11.—A Tedeum
wa« sung here to-day to celebrate
Russian success at Plerna. Prince
Gortschakoff and the Russian and
Roumanian authorities were present.
The Czar and Prince GortschakofT
will return to St. Petersburg in a
week. The Czar after the surrender
of Plevna placed his own carriage and
escort at the disposal of Osman Pa
sha.
M1MISTKB WBUUl'* ftECKPTIOK.
Livurooi* Dec, 11.—At 9:30 this
morning the U. S. Consul and and a
number of leading merchants board,
ed the ateamahlp Adriatic to receive
U. 8. Mlalater Welsh. After ex.
cha*glng oourtesles the party pro
seeded to the landing stage where the
Iteyor and Members of Council ukd
pri,^nalc1tU«ns were assembled.
As Welsh hadsd Her Msleeti'i
rnmm BMttftMe *td Newlfefl£
on Fort fired sal libit. A band played
Hail Columbia and the assemblage
cheerid. The tuaydr lorinaily wel
comed Minister Welsh, not only in
the name or Liverpool but on behalf
of the country at large. He said he
trnated Welsh's mission would be
productive of most fciendly and
agreeable results. Welsh replied, ex
pressing his sincere thanks for the
cordial welcome. He rejoiced at the
friendly feeling between'the two na
tions and would do his utmost to
maintain and increase that friendship.
Tho party then drove off in the may
or's state carriage amidst cheers.
TITK Tttrxrir SRUAHIII.E.
LONDON, Dec. 11.—A Paris dispatch
»ay» it is believed if llatbics combin
ation fails a ministry of experienced
Bonapartists will take the problem in
hand and find a prompt solution.
STRIKE ENI»E1.
LONDON, Dec. 11—The strike of
puddlers at Sheffield, ivhich lasted
six weeks, during which time many
outrages have been committed, end
ed yesterday, and tho men consented
to a reduction of wages.
WASHINGTON.
M'CRABY GIVES A DEMOCRATIC IlOUSB
COMMITTEE A SET HACK.
WASHINGTON, Dec. 10.—The Secy, of
War was before the committee on
mtUUry affairs again to-day. lie
said that the order to Gen. Ord to
Slio
TO
THE TI'RKS MAKE A CONCESSION
CHRISTIANS.
CoNSTANTiNtpi.r., Dec. 10.—The
Council of State has determined that
christians shall hereafter be eligible
to governorships and other adminis
trative functions ot Turkish provinces.
It is believed that the speech from
the throne on opening of parliament
will announce this resolution.
Suleiman Pasha has returned to
Ahmedli on the Tirnova road.
The Egyptian contingent in the
Turkish army will be increased by
12,000 infantry, 1,000 cavalry and four
batteries.
ANDBASSV OX THE TURKISH QUESTION.
VIENNA, Dec. 10.—Count Andrassy
has protested against the explana
tions of his foreign policy as given by
so-called semi-official organs. He
said another factor besides treaties
must be considered in connection
with the relations between £uropean
powers, namely force, which alone
could make treaties valid. As to the
allegations concerning a triple alli
ance he said Austria was the arbiter
of her own destiny. No European
state could more securely count upon
obtaining the recognition of its rea
sonable and just demands. He de
clared himself strongly opposed to
the idea that in compliance with ex
ternal prejudices the Christian popu
lation of Turkey must be continued
under Turkish misrule. He deemed
that Austria was acting under the in
fluence of Germany and declared no
power in Europe could undertake a
settlement of the Eastern question
without the co-operation of Austro
Hungary.
ursue Mexican raiders across the
Grande on a fresh trail, was has
cd principally upon information giv
en in a report by Liout. Col. Shaffer,
heretofore published.
On bsing asked what authority the
War Department had to make such
orders, ne cited to orders given to
Col. Robert E. Lee, in 1860, to follow
Mexican depradators into Mexico, if
necessary, and that given bv John C.
Calhoun, as Secy, of "War in 1817, to
Gen Gaines to pursue Seminole In
dians into Spanish teritory,
was vigorously carried out by
Gen. Gaines' successor, Gen. Andrew
Jackson.
Capt. Clause, 24th infantry, station
ed at Ft Brown, confirmed the state
ment that several large rancheft in
Texas had been abandoned in conse
quence of danger to property and life
from Mexican raiders.
The President has nominated Geo.
Fisher to be Surveyor of Customs ror
Cairo, 111.
TAKES THE 1RON-CLAD.
WASHINGTON, Dec. 10.—Gen. John
M.Harlan, newly appointed Associate
Justice of the U. S. Supreme Court,
met the other Justices in the robing
room, this morning, and had a corf
dial welcome. lie subscribed to the
iron-clad oath.
TBE NEW ASST. SECRETARY.
WASHINGTON, Dec. 10.--Asst. See.
of the Treaury, Hawley, took posses
sion of his office this morning'. Gov.
McCormick introduced him to the
heads of the Bureau.
WASHINGTON NOTCS.
MORE CONCILIATION.
Walter H. French, of Massachu
setts, Tally Clerk of the House of
Representatives, has been removed,
and Gen. Albert Lamar, of Georgia,
appointed in his place.
THE CELESTIALS.
A bill introduced, Thursday, by
Representative Shelley, of Alabama,
to regulate Chinese immigration,
roposes to lay a per capita tax'tf
250 upon every subject of China im
mediately upon their entering the
United States either from China or
any other country, after the 1st day
of January, 187!, excepting officers or
duly accredited agents of the Chinese
government, and their families or
servants, coming to the United States
in some official capacity. Kvei-y Chi
nese subject entering the United
without paying the tax to be impris
oned at hard labor for live years.
TDowlIng Reinstated-
TOLEDO, Dec. 8.—Capt. P. II. Dowl
ing to-day received a telegram from
the Postmaster-General reinstating
him as Postmaster of this city, iu con
sequence of the failure of the Senate
to confirm the appointment of Alex
ander Heed. Upon presentation of
the order the office was at once turned
over to Dowllng by the deputy in
charge.
Fights with Indians on Mexican
8«ll.
GALVESTON, Dec. 8.—The News
San Antonio's spccial reports an en
gagement in Mexico between Colonel
Young's command and a party of
Mexcadero Indians, in which two In
dians were killed and three wounded.
Their camp and property were cap
tured and destroyed.
Indicted Asain-
NEW YORK, Dec. 10.—Itobt. L.
Case, President, Theodore R. Wet
more, Vice-President, and Isaac II.
Allen, Secretary of the Security Life
Insurance and Annuity Company,
have been again indicted, tbis tinie
for conspiracy as security against
their possible escape on technical
grounds in the other proceedings.
Another Pistol Accident.
PHILADELPHIA, Dec. 10.—Pauline
Streicher, aged fifteen, was instantly
killed, last evening, by the accidcntal
discharge of a pistol. Henry Rus
sell the owner of the pistol, was re
moving a cartridge from the pistol.
The girl's parents reside at Birming
ham, Pa.
S«ai»«r
CMTICIMI.
BALTIMORE, Dec. 10.—William E.
Bloomer, convicted Saturday of con
spiracy to defraud the Chicago, Bur
lington & Quincy Railroad, has taken
an appeal. The Judge refused ball
in the mean time.
KwMtkj Outlawry-.
LOUISVILLE, Dec. 10.—A dispatch
to the Courier-Journal, from Stand
ford, Ky., says serious trouble is ex
pected at any moment in Lincoln co.,
over the capture there last week of
several outlaws.
Tliden's Tax.
NEW YORK, Dec. 8.—The case of the
United States against ex-Gov. Tilden
to recover tho alleged arrears of in
come tax, set down for to-day, was
again adjourned for two werks.
Te Be Suspended.
MORRISTOWN, Pa Dec. 10.—Wha
len the convicted murderer of Max
Hoehne has been sentenoeil to be
hanged.
OhlMc* Market
Oanuefypec. 11.
[By Telegraph.]
Wheat—Acti
*1.-
Active, weak, lower
'i
08% casb, 1
Corn—Active^ lower 43.^' Mked
caih, 42 .Tan.
0»U—Firmer 25 nMh, 25V Jan.
Bye—50.
Barley—CI,
Pork—Weak, lower $1195 cash
and Jan., $12 10 Feb.
Lard—Lower, weak $7 82!-a cash
and Jan., 7 92'. Feb.
WhUky—|10T».
Ofcleac* Lire Mack HRrh«t.
OaioAio, Viec. 11.
[By Telegraph.]
Iloars—receipt
oge—receipts 49,000 head weak,
lower light $4 [email protected], heavy mixed
tacking 410(?30, heavy shipping $J
[email protected]
Cattle—Medium to fair sliippprs
14 00§4 40, good to reallv choice 4 10
@5 25.
M. IAIIS Market
ST. LOOM, Dec. 11.
By Telegraph.]
Wheal—Lower No. red-$122
cash, 1 24^ Jan., has sold at 20 Jany.
Corn—Better 47 cash, 4(1% Dec.,
Jan.
Oats—Easier 271cash anil Dec.
Rye—551 bid.
Whisky—11.05.
Pork—Dull: 912 [email protected]#.
Lard—Nominally lower. I,
Live Bteek Market
By Telegraph.]
ST. LOUIS, Dec 11.
flogs—Receipts 11,000 head ca«y,
tending lower light $3 70©4 00,
packing4 [email protected]
New York Bark«t
91
Of Ten Years'Duration. The Dis
charges Thiofc, Bloody, and of
Foul Odor. Senses of 8meH ana
Taete Wholly Gone. Entirely
Cured by
SMFORD'S RADIUM CORE.
Ma«tn.Wcolu-rotter:
Genttenun—Icom
pelled to RckDo.vlrdito to rou the (TMt benjAI
BAKFOBD'S II\PIOAL CURB n&9 boon TO inP.' rot
ten yeurs i have bren ftifiicted Wttli Nils
dlitcato, and especially lii tho winter tlnio naa It
been )im»t ecvcro. The tllscharffo liftfl been thlek
•nd bloody, emitting foal odor to r*
pi'CflCiK'o In n room with Others VM
to them. One week after commencing
TFEROBD'aKADICALofUBIC
wholly
gone, have now fully rotarned. Mid my gon.
eral health la 'T^OUgnjfeg^
QBAKDBAPID6, MK0L, MOT.
8.1SH.
LATCH.
Gentlemen: Ttio pafikaM o| lumtl CM
Arrived heretonlghtnllrlglit. Idon^lraowmlulitl
tfiouM
havn
TLOIW IF
It
HvlNOTBEETTFOTMLLRTMMDI^
1 havo.triol jN'npsI oucho» and
everything elM.aZd
although I linvc brc-.i nblo to ttOp^tbe Oul'Mltlttt
chaw., Iliavonoili. onabletoreooTermjreett
taste nn iRtncll wAU UriedfiAirroBD*eCVBB
can rofcr anv ouo cbooee to me, and
cheerfully Inform thi-m in detail as to tho I
the romody l.ax been
Giuxs IUrro,
SANFORD'S RADICAL 80IH
fiotonly
promptly nrrcststhe
COlTOdlnf AMbfllfil
n Catarrn, btit, hy fcympaibetlc actios, lirNtOMtt*
Koand health all the organs of tbe heldJ&M fcaVa
nflctri by It, nod exhibit ftnj oftfcc follow*
injf aUcetioiis:
Defective Eyesight, Inflamed Mid MUUry
Eye*, Painful and Watenr SyM* Lou mi
Hearing, Earache, Nearabrla of tb* Bar*
I!acharmifrom theEar,tUsgtafflfi
in the Head. DUzftnoHi JierreM
a e a i n s I n e e e a e w e
Senses ofTantc and Smell, KlOTjatlOM
the ITTHIO, Jinftamtnailon of the
Putrid SowThroftt, Tickling or Hi
Coujrh* Bronchitis, and Bleeding of
Lunge.
Each package contains Dr. fiaaftrd* IuipitfMi
Inhaling Tubo, with fall and caretally prepared al«
rrctlonsforneetnallcaM*. Pride, tf. For Mk try
alt whotaoole and moil druggleu and doalere
throoghoiitttie united Btateeandewiedee. w
ft POTTER, General Agenti ana wholeaale
gists, Boston*
OM.<p></p>COLLINS'
VOLTAIC PLASTERS
grandest carativo agJjot inftewmd
and utterly Mrpttbtng #11 ether Piaat#
man?. They accomplish more in one
fhooldWoatersinnwhoiayoar,
liato, they crm. They
Relieve Afffectlotia of the Cheat.
Relieve Affections of the Longs.
H.-u« vo Affections of the Heart.
ciicvo Affections of tho Liter.
•Ah vc Affcctlons of tho BpiMll.
Sciiovi- Affections of the JuAney*,
T'llrvn Affections of the
JWicve Allccttons of the
Hollcvo Aftcctlonaofthe
Rellcro Affoctlonaoftbo Joints.
Beiicvn Affarilona of tho *nea.
Relieve AUccc-iuns of tho faincwi.
Komatter what mav bo tho extent ofyow
insr.trv on*'oi'lhfM Plasters. Helicf
on.v, a purported by hondrods ofteeUmonJ
our lvjptti'fsion. B«-'ur in mind that tbw post.il
tnnt«i i-rn v« ri"^ in pharmacy date hacklei
rears, niid tlt»t combinations of guns one
of plants nn\ utirufoe aro herein naited wwi
»tricitv to form a curative Plaster, in soothing.••••
Ing, and rtrfUKllifnlng properties qsfargiyertORfr
Hlf other Planters hufvtolnre In UM 4a t«0 KlMflflt
?Eby&iclUi istotho horec lc. ch.
PrloOi »ft Contj.
Be careful to call
for COLLINS' VOLTAH
TICK lest yon cct some worthlessimueUeS.
nil Wholesale ant lie
tail Dmgjrtstt throni
rnltert States nt,J Carcvlas. rind by WEEKBA
Tkli, Proprietors, Boston, Mass.
nov 20 77-d&\vly.
RHEUMATISM
NEURALGIA
SCIATICA
Can be Cured.
In making this assertion wc know it
can bs substantiated by evidence of the
most positive character. Without ques
tion the true mode to treat tlieae diseases
i» by both internal and external medicine
Lawsons'them.curewillaloneoneneither
CURATIVE
IS A RADICAL CURE:
IT IS OM.Y A
PAIN KILLER
But it Cures tho Diseases.
Our lim^' oxju'iU ine jm nervous dis
mst's liii« proven (vmr» iuhvly liiut ftptaitflonly
«le »leu tho 1 u! .1 not h. ul any disease,
jui'l tiiov fxritr mMin aviUn. Anv one who
1ms doubts of LLIU .Itracv o: CCKATIVE are
at liberty la t' I" iho persons tvhase
appear IK-low.
OLEVKI.ANN, o Juno 1877.
GENTKIUIKS
I have u»oU yaiir(T«.IT!V£ina
very severe case of Rheumatism in my fthouldwr.
From tho first application the pain was re
lieved, ami at the «'»d of four or tiv» dajr* a
positive cure was Pfleeted. I have no hesita
tion in recommending it as the U*st remedy 1
have ever used lor this troublesome disease.
Vrrv truly voun*.
JOHN AYEJ, No. 122 Lake St.
Oi.EVFXAND, June 10,18?t
Mr.. LAtvsoN'-Dear Sir A short time since
I was taken with avers* severe attack of Neu
ralgia In my face and head. was prevailed
npi
pie
Don to try a bottle of your
CI
5"-~
RATIVK. and am
leased to say that it gave me inaiaut reli
.and 1 cheerfully recommend i_t_to all i
jnord".
'Sfc,
kiy
I was not in
W
010 OS
ANFOBD'B JUDICAL UBIC I was nottroabltd with
It at all. My nouses tnato and smell, Which «Mr«
ih
y*
is
•1
/V«
a
g.
FORD.
MICH., NOT.
IS, IK8.
St?
I
'J 'v-v
fr
v
CLEVei'AXD, OrflQ.
GENTLEMEN: A31 wan the tint to introduce
your CCIUTIVK LU. thin city, atul having HAD
large Rale?i, I liave ^vamnstm om*h hottk?, utid
they have all jdveu tuirv sail. Jurtioii, and I
gladly roeommftid to «ny of my onstroneri.
1 am, youtt»
JAMK* imiVE,
The above Is from om of thi* leading Drug*
ehis
ta of Cleveland, who hnsnsed the OujuktrrF
family, and knows its virtue.
3r'
*1
V 1"
i
lief,
MRS. C. K. IMI'OB,
MJ
Si Perry Street
I most cliecrfully recommend I.AWSON'BOOB
ATIVE for Neuralgia. My wife used it. and re
ceived initnnt relief. A. L. FOSTER,
36S Prospect Street, Cleveland, Q.
June S, lS7t.
In no raw kan w« luwn It to ffcll
irh.A Ikr dlrcctl.M tor. MM MIMWL
Tliia I» more Ikaa ram k« m»M «r My
Mhw HktiiuUr *r Kninlflc
BOLDBV
AI.L
DRUGGISTS.
PREPARED BV
LAWSON CHEMICAL GQ»
CLEVELAND,
Foil HALE BT $«,»
tj./TAYLOR & CO.,
At Whole*tic or Betiti.
iMdtwlf.
MO iORE BUZZING III YOUR HEM. DEJtF.
NESS, BLINDNESS, SPINAL TROUBLES.
Dr. J. ii. McLeaa'i
Liquid Substitute for Quinine
0HILL8 AND FIVKit CUM.
Diaooygq.T
MaUrhMUgi
An Antidote for
Miasmatic Nwamp
I will cure Chilt*. At_
lltemi or C9M Rtn»*i
Ftttrs Internal or Kxternal.
I any
JBB'
B*lore
InMammation,
Sore £(fM, Ak
Jlammatorff ftHeumatinm.
it Will AXC*F
Ttkiag. quiet the ferer i aim's of ioetMKly Takiag.
No ofhar Medicine required, it is uaad ilfi.
nt
njtttory
When you take a tcn-sijooniu], It Is tiUMNl a»br
tbe absorbent vessels lu flu- stomach, followiftud
destroys any poisonous elements IntheriuctetBd
Blood vessels, relieves the cause* of Chill* aud
tni'lr accooipttuylug diseases.
TI1E WHOLE MISSISSIPPI VALLEY
hfls cause to rejoice. This new 1iscover7 Xr. J.
If. McLean's Liquid Substitute for Quinine* will
make glad many an anxious countenance, cttiitur
€blll«. Shakes,
AITIIP.
or imv Fever. Try it ana
be convinced. It put up lu Bottle, pncetLOO
also Powder, to Tincture It yourselves, sent by
tuall all over the world at tl.oi) per
Address, SR. J. H. MoLKAlf,v
514 Chestnut Street, ST. l/Ot'IS, MO.
A NEW PRINCIple] A NEW
a*#*, C'oids.
nnd Sorrmtssimtks
11.
NEW YOTIK, Dec.
By Telegraph.]
Wheat—Quiet No. 2 Milwaukee
Corn—Steady, halfeent lower 69
«60X.
Pats—Dull., ..
Pork—Dull *13 :i7^«( 2%for. new
Idurd—Easier at 8 57K
WjMiky-l
10«*
Address, XJR* J. JET.
n
WAYI
To run. THROAT Mid LCKQ dtwuea.
Dr. J. H. NcLeu'i
COUGH AND LUNG-HEAUNG
GLOBULES.
Take, no tuore i.
Icfj*e down in thm Bt
much to ffo up to CM
t/ie J.uiifjg.
This new way of brlAf«|
ilng the medicine in dlrectl
IconUct with the Throttl
Mbft 2fck* or LIIUL'S, lr. J. ii. JHc»
Couph ond Lung-healing fllohlfa.-»Th#y
are i^URar Ulohulrs, containing medicine. Kb
rapidly a* the Globule disHolvcs la your ttoatlu
thesitllvft acting on the nudlolno In toe
hea
Koee, Throat, or Skin, and It will ne?
mre Catarrh. Sores In tbe Koae.
Blotches, fllaek
Dg, El
Chafing, Eruption*,
must get
i
Globule*
It generate* .. _^
baled. ("M-meAtes every nlr coll In tha Juungl and
absorbed by the CLUMH ID tbe Tbroat, tbiweajr
afthe Luiigs must censc. Tkouaands mm thorn
Rands liave been cnro«l by
DB.
COUGH
J. H. McEBAN'b
AND LI VU-II BALING GLOBULES. CM
Coughing, Bronchitis, Astkmm, rr—-m*
*4
4
'AS!
lifMtir
irieldtt to their wonderful Magic Influence.
boxe*. hv mall all over the world.* eta. per I
l*ostage 'Stamps will be received for tlMSU
514 Chestnut Street, 8T. LOUIS, ICO*
ABSORBS THE POtSON.-W
ts the new way that CATABBH to If
Or. J. H. HCMUI I
Celebrated Catarrh Sn£
rabaorb-.
Thls new and
itarrh Powder, get It on,
Ithe sore parts, in contact
with the disease in tbe
N|efkB
Dr. J. H. Me
tact with the disease.
nut of every sore and
by wall MtiTiMAMg
Chestnut »t,4 BT, LOV1B. IV*
Mnu,«w- j,
?.*(•(*»* (to. OfcteM.
novl4-w3in
***F
14
-I
?V

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