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Saturday morning visitor. (City of Warsaw, Mo.) 1845-1849, December 23, 1848, Image 1

Image and text provided by State Historical Society of Missouri; Columbia, MO

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn92058841/1848-12-23/ed-1/seq-1/

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Cameron & l. j. ritchey.
Here shall the Tress the People's rights maintain,
Unaw'd by influence, unbribed by gain.
.lice over the Drug Store,
ataaircB raoM the Public Ssiuabi.
The Saturday Mornintr Visitor ii tub
liahed once a week, at Two DollAiis per
annum, payable in advance.
.. Advektiscments will be inserted at $1
per Vjoare (of tixleen line or less) fur the
first insertion, and fifty cents for encfi con
tinuance. Forono square 3 months, $5
do for iK months, $3 do for 12 mouths,
Advertisements not marked with the
number" of insertions required, will be
fcontlnned until ordered out, and charged
'.' A liberal deduction will be made to those
who advertise by the year. ; i Adverti
sers by the year will be confined strictly
to inetr ousiness.
' i6andidates announced for $3 00.
: By Telegraph for the St. Louis Union.
FtUtfW-Cifiztm of tht Senate,
'-' ' ''and 'Home of Iteprcititotiws:
' tinier liie benigiiunt Prov ideiice of Al
JnightyGod, the Kepresentativ es of the
Slates Hint lit the people are ncin brought
together In deliberate or the public good.
'1 h grotilnde of the nation lo Hie Sove
reign Arbiter of all humiin even's, should
hecomin tisurale w ith the boundless bles
sing liiel we enjoy. Pe.ice, plenty and
contentment reign throughout our bor
ders, and our belated country presents a
sublime moral spectacle to the world.
Tlie'tmuiiled and unsettled co.'uliiion of
some nf the principal Kiropean powers,
1i.ii li.nl u necessary tendency to check and
embarrass trade, iili.l to depress pi ices
ftiroughinit nil vninitrervf;:)' nation ; bu
ut.iviili.iiiiiii!; ihese causes, the United
Suie, with their abundant products, have
lull their effects less severely than any d
l i country, and all our g rent interest
lis 'Hill I prospermia ami successful. In
Vlewiug'the great events nf the past year,
anYl noiil fasting the ngiuled and disturbed
state nf other countries, with our own
tranquil ami happy condition, we may con
gratulate . ourselves lli.it we are the most
favored people mi the face of the eurth.
Vliile the people of other Countries are
""ijjgnvr l" e--lab'.ih Ires' institutions,
under which man may govern himself,
we are in the actual possession of them
rich inheritance of our fit hers and while
enlightened nations of J'uropc are convul
sed and distracted by civil war, or intes
tine strife, we settle all our political con
troversies by, the peaceful exerci-e of the
rights of freein'uii at the ballot box. 'I he
great I Uepuh'icHii maxim, so deeply en
graven on , llie hearts of our people, that
llid will of tlit; majority, constitutionally
expressed, shall prevail, is our sure safe
guard against force and violence. ,
. it is u subject of just pride, lh.it 'our
limine Mill character us u nation, continue
rapidly loadisiice in the estimation of (he
civilized world. To cur wie und free
iustitu bins it is to be attributed, that while
other nations have achieved (jlftry at the
price of the suffering, distress and iinpov
erisliuieul of tiieir people, ue have enjoy
ud our. Iiotioruhle jiosiuou, in the midst of
mi! uninterrupted prosperity ,' and of in
or easing indit (dual caiiilort and happiness.
I aiii happy to inform you that our rela
tions with all nations are friendly and pa
cific j advantageous treaties of commerce
Jive been concluded within the past four
yieur with New Grenada, Peru, the two
Sicilies, UelgiuuV, Hanover, Uldetdmrli
and Meckleiilmrtrh. Pursuing our e.xatn
jile, the' restrictive system of Great Brit
ain, our priiicip.lt foreign customer, hug
been relaxed, iu:3 a more liberal commer
cial policy has "been adopted by other eti
lijl)!ened li.ilioiu, and our imdu has bertu
ureaily enlari'ed and extended. Our
country stand higher in the respect of
thenvorld than at any former period, lo
CouVitiue to occupy this proud position, it
is only necessary to preserv e peace, and
faitlUully adhere lo the great fuudumchtal
g'rijiciplus nf our foreign policy, no inter
lf enoe in the domestic concerns of other
. jutieiis.)- We reuoguue in all nations the
( rights 'which we enjoy ourselves, and to
change and reform their political institu
tions according '.o their own will and
tyl'eaijure.. Hot de we look behind exist
ing governments, capuble of inaiiitainiiiK
tjktr wu. authority. We recognise all
such aotual governments, not only from
the dictates ol true policy, but from a sa
Crtii regard for the independence of na
tions. VVhfle this is our sellled policy, it does
Op( folloMf 'hat we can ever be indifferent
ueot&ipr of the progress of liberal prin
oiples. i The Rovernmant and the people
of the United Sules witnessed with en
thususin'and delight the establishment of
the Frenoh Republic, as we now hail llif
eflort in. progrees to unite the States of
Gctyhsjiy in a confederation simljar irj ma
liy respects to our wn FeJera! l'niuc"-
If the great and enlightened German
Stte, occupying as they do the central
and commanding position in Europe, shall
succeed in establishing such a Confedera
ted government, securing at the same lime
to the citizens of each Stale, local govern
ments adapted to the condition of each,
unrestricted trade and intercourse with
each other, it wfll be an important era in
human events. Whilst it will consolidate
and strengthen the power of Germany, it
must essentially promote the cause of
peace, commetce, civilization and consti
tutional liberty throughout the world.
With all the governments on this contin
ent, our relations, it is believed, are now
on a more friendly and satisfactory footing
than they have ever been at any former
period. Since the exchange of ratilica-
won ui i iiu ireaiy or peace iwin Mexico
our intercourse with the government of
the Mexican Republic has been of the
most Iriendly character. I he Envov Ex
traordinary and Minister Plcnipotenl'ary
of the United States to Mexico, has Iipph
received and accredited, and a diplomatic
representation from Mexico, of similar
rank, lias been received and accented bv
tl.is government. The amicable relations'
between the tv o countries which had been undying vigilance and extraordinary ener
superseded, have been happily restored, gy of these officers, could have enabled
anu destine?, l trust, to he long preserved.
llie Ivvo JepuUhcs both situated on this
continent, and with contiguous territories,
have every motive fur sympathy and oi
interest to bind them tccether in ucrnelu-1
u a i
ul mity.
I his cralifvini! condition of our foreign
relations, renders it unnecessary for we
io can your attention more esptctally In,
them. I
It has been my constant aim and desire
to cultivate pence mid amity with all na-
tlono. ratiuuilily at home and lieaceful
i. - . . ..
... i
relations uliroud continue the true and per-
uiaiiem poiuy ol our country. U ar, the
scoiirpe of nations, sometimes becomes in-
ev Hahle. but is at nys lo be avoided w hen
it can he done consistently with the rights count rv, unfading honors, won for both,
and honor of the nation. , When all., these facts.are considered, it
One of the mo.l important results of may cease to be a mutter of so much a
the war in which v e ere engaged re- in.iZemeut, how it happened that our no
cently with a neighboring nation, is the Ue army in Mexico, regulars and volun
deinoiistralioii it has afforded of the mill- leers, were victorious upon every battle
tary strength of our country, llefore the field, however fearful the odds against
late war with Mexico, European and olh
er Ibrei-Mi powers entertained imperfect
view of unr physical strength as i nation,
and our ability to prosecute war, and a
war out of our own country. They saw
th ,t our standing army, or the peace es
tablishment, did nol exceed ten thousand
men. Accustomed, themselves, lo main- v nters on public law, to impute lo repub
laiti in pe..ce, hiree standinj armies for lies want of that unilv and concentration
the protect ion of thrones against their iwn
sul iet'L, as well as upamsl fretVn mu.
inies. they bud not conceived that it was
....... .1.1.. I'. .I :.l 1
I,..,-.,.,.- ,, nininiii such an ar-
my well disciplined, and of long service,
to wnpe war successfully ; Ihey held in
low repute our niilitin, and were far from
regarding them as an efficient force, unless
i might be for temporary defensive ope-
rations when invaded on our own soil.
The events of the late war with Mexico
ilave not only undeceived lliem, but have
removed erroneous impressions which pre-
vailed lo some extent even among our own
counlrymen. Hut war has demonstrated
thai upon the breaking out of hostilities
riot anticipated, and for which no prei-
mis preparations had been made, a voluu-
leer ai my of citizen soldiers, equal to any
emeruency, can in a short period be bro'l
into the fieM, unlike w hat would have oc-
currsd in any other country.
We were under no necessity of resort-
in to drafts or conscriptions; on the con-
Irary, such was the number of volunteers
who patriotically tendered their services,
thal the chief difficulty was in making se-
lections, and determining who should be
disappointed, and compelled to remain at
home. Our c itizen soldiers are unlike
those drawn from the populace. They
ore composed indiscriminately of all pro
fessions and pursuits; of farmers, law
yers, physicians, merchants, mauufactu-
rers, mechanics and laborers; und this not !
only among the officers, but the private ;
romicrs in me ranks, uur oilmen sol-
dier are unlike those of any ulher coun
try in this respect ; they are arincd, and
have been accustomed from their youth up1,
lo handle arid use tire-arms, and rn this, a
large proportion of them, especially in (lie
western and more newly settled Slates,
are expert. J hey sre men wh3 have a j
icy.umiuii y, iiiaiiiinin Bv noine oy meir'is
good conduct in the field, and they sre in
lelligent; and there is an individuality of
character which is found in the ranks of
no other army. In battle each private
man, as well as every officer, fighia not
only for his country, but for glory and dis
tinction umong his fellow-citizens when
lie shall return to civil life. - ' '
The war w ith Mexico has demonstrated
not only, the ability or the government la
orgsnize a numerous army upon a sudden
call, bat also to provide it w ith aH the mu
nitions and necessary supplies with ties
pstclrconvenlviihe and e'ute' 'slid to di-
rect its operations with efficiency. The
strength of our institutions has not only
been displayed in the value .and skill of
our troops engaged in activa service in
the field, but in an organization of those
executive branches which were rharced
with the general direction and conduct of
the war.
. While too great praise cannot be be
stowed upon the officers and men who
fought our battles, yet it would be unjmt
lo withhold from thoso olliccrs, necessari
ly stationed at home, who were charged
with the duty of furnishing the army in
proper limes, and at proper places, with
all the munitions of war, and other sup
plies necessary lo make it effectual, the
commendation .to which they are entitled.
The credit due to this class of officers is
the crealer. when it is considered that no
army in ancient or modern tiiiei i was ev-
er better appointed, or provided, ihrn our
army in Mexico.
Operating in an enemy's country, re
moved 'iOOO miles from the seat of the
Federal Government, its different corps
spread over a vast extent of territory,
hundreds and even thousands of miles a
part from each other, nothing short of the
. Iliem to provide the army at all points, and
! in proper season, with nil that was reuui
I red for the most efficient rervice.
l It is but an act of justice to dsclar? 'Iial
the i officers in charge of the several l'.x-
i o
c tcutive bureaus, all under the immedi,.le
eve mid siiiiervision of ihn Seert-tarv of
War. performed their resoeclive duties
with ability, energy and efficiency.
Tlu'v limp rri,il Ipfiu nf llit. frlnrr il
the war. nol haxino- been ticrsonailv ex-
posed lo its perils in battle, than their
comtiatontta in nrtns :' lint u illw.nl l!...ir
r j '
forecast, eiricienl aid and oo-operation,
lliose in the field would Hut have been pio
t ided vx ill; the ample means they possess
ed, of achieving i,r lhe:hselves and their
The war vviih Mexic has thus fully de
veloped the capacity of Republican Gov
ernments to prosecute sticces-fully, a ne
cessary foreign war, with all the vigor u
sually attributed to mote arbitrary forms
ot t;oi eminent. It lins been UMitil tor
of purpose, and vij;or of execution, w hich
ure nuiiralK' mliniifl i, !.!, n,,r i.. it,..
monarchical and aristocrutical forms : and
. . .
i.us leaiure ol popular government lias
been supposed to display itself more par-
Ocularly in the conduct of a war carriid
on in an enemy's country,
The war with Mexico has developed
most strongly and conspicuously another
feature of our institutions. It is that,
without cost lo the government, or daii-
gcrs to our liberty, we have, in the bosom
of our country, freemen avsilable in a just
and necessary w ar, particularly a stand-
ing army of two millions of armed citizen
soldiers such as fought the battles t.f
Mexico. '
lint our military strength does iritcoh-
sisl alone in our capacity, lor extended mid
successful operations on land. The Na-
y is an indispensable orm of the national
'defence. If the services of the nuvy
were not so brilliant as those af the nriny
in the late war with Mexico, it was be-
catlse they had no enemy to ineel on their
own element ; while the army having op-
purl unity of performing more conspicu-
out services, performed their whole duty
to the country. For the alje and gallant
service of (he officers and men of the Na-
vy,Jacling independently, as well as in co-
operalincr with our troops in the conquest
ol the C.ililornias, the capture of era
Cruz, and the seizure and .occupation of
other important positions on the Gulf anil
Pacilio const, thu highest, praise is due
11 lu ir viai ante, enero-v and sLitl. rem er
e l the most effective service, in exclmlini;
the munition of war and other supplies
from (he enemy, while they secured a sale
entrance for abundant supplies lor their
own army. Our extended commerce was
no where interrupted, and fox this imuiii
nity, from the evils of war, the country
Indeuteil la the navy
Iligh praise is due lo the officers of
the several Executiv e bureaus, navy yards
and stations connected with the service,
all under the immediate direction of the
Secretary of the Navy, for the industry,
foresight and energy with1 which every
thing was directed and furnished, to give
efficiency to that branch of the service.
While this harmony existed in directing
(he preparation of the nsvy, of the army,
there was concert or action and purpose
lel weep the heads of the two arms of the
serviee. .
l!y orders Which were from lime
to time issued, our vessels of war, on the
Pacific and the Gulf of Mexico, were sta
tioned in proper lime, and in proper po-
sition, to co-pperate'ellicieritly with the
army. J5y this means, their combined
power was, brought to bear successfully
upon theenCny. The great results whcili
have been developed and brought to light
by this war, will be of immeasurable im
portance in the future progress of our
country. They will tend powerfully to,
preserve us from foreign collisions, and
enable us lo pursue uninterupterHy, our
chearished policy peace with all nations,
entangling alliances w ith none.
Occupying, as we do, n more command
nig position among nations than st any
former period, our duties and our respoii;
sibilities to ourselves and our posterity
are correspondingly increased. This will
be the more obvious w hen we consider
the vast additions which have recently
been made to our territorial acquisitions,
and their great importance and value.
Within less than four years, the annex
ation of Texas to the Union has been con
sumated and conflicting titles to the Ore-.
gon Territory south of forty-nine degreer
of north latitude, being all thai was insist
ed on by any of my predecessors, has been
adjusted ; ut:d New Mexico and Upper
California have been acquired by treaty.
The area of these several lerritorie, ac
cording to the rrport carefully prepared
by the Commissioners of the Genera! Land
G'ilice, from the most authentic informa
tion in his, possession, and which is here
with IriitiMiiilled, is one million cie hun
dred and ninety-three thousand sixty-one
spuare miles, or seven hundred and sixty
three millions five hundred and lif y-nine
thousand and forty ucres. These estimates
show, that the territories recently acquir
ed, and over vv hich our exclusive jurisdic
tion and dominion have been extended, con
stitute a country more than half as large
as that which w as held by the United
Stale before this acquisition. If Oregon
be excluded from the estimate, there will
still rcmum within the limits of Texn,
New Mexico and Calif, ruhi. 851,51)8
square inilesor 515,120. 120 acres, being
an addition equal to more than one-third
of nil th.fi territory owned by the United
Stale he'ure this acquisition, and inclu
ding OroRiui, nearly a prcal an extent of
territory is the whole of Europe, lltusia
only excepted.
T he Mi-sissippi, so lately a frontier of
ntir country, is now only its centre. With
the addition of the late inquisition, the,U
nited Slates are now estimated t be near
ly as larf;e n the- whole of Europe.
It U estimated by the Superintendent of
the Lo.ist kMirvev, in the accompany ng
report, t'l.'t the extent of the sea coast of
lexas, on thu Gull of Mexico, is upwards
of 400 miles : of the coast of Upper Cal-
ilornia on the rucihc, i)i0 miles;. and of
Oregon, including the Strails of Fuca, of
U50 miles milking the whole extent of sea
const on the Pacific lti '-!(), und the whole
extent on the Pacilio and the fiulf of Mex
ico, 1)020 miles. The length of the coast,
of the Atlantic from the northern limits c!'
the U. Stales around ihe Capes of Flori
da to the Sabine on the eastern boundary
of 'I exas. is estimated lo be 30,000 miles !
so thai the addition of sea coast .including
Oregon, is very nearly Ivvo third as' great
as all posscsed before, and including Ore
gon, an addition of 1,370 miles; being
nearly equal lo one hall the ex'ent of coast,
which we possessed before. We have
now three great niari'iine fioiils, on the
Atlantic, the Gulf of Mexico, and the Pa
cific, making in the whole an extent of
cost exceeding 5,000 miles. Thi, is the
extent uf the sea coast of the S'utes, nol
Deluding boy s, souiidsusnd small irregular
ities of I lie main shore, and of the sea Is
lands. If these be included, the length of
the shore line of coast, as estimated by
the Superintendent uf ihe Coust Survey,
would be 33,0t3 miles.
It would be difficult lo calculate ihe val-
tie of tliesa immense additions lo our ter
ritorial possessions. Texas, lying contig
uous lo tue western boundary ol Louisi
ana, embracing within its limits a part ol
the navigable tributary waters' of ihe Mis
sissippi, and an extensive sea coast, could
not long have remained in the hands of a
foreign power, without endangering the
peace of our south-western frontier. Ihe
danger of irritation and collision of inter
ests between Texas as a foreign Stale and
ourselves, would have been imminent,
while the embarrassment of commercial
intercourse between Miem must have been
constant und unavoidable. .' ' : ' ' .
Had Texas fallen into the hands, or un
der the influence and 'control of a strong
maritime or military foreign power, as she
might have done, these dangers would
have been still grealer. ; They haye been
oyoii'ed by her voluntary end peaceful an-
Delation to the United Slstes. Texas,
from her position was. aiatural and most
indjspeiuible portion of our territories.-,
Foriunatcly, the hat been restored lo our
country, ami now copstitutes. oie 0f the
States of (Air coiifcd truer, vif-ori ajt equal
'ooting with the original Slates. The sa
lubrity of the climate, the fertility of the
soil, peculiarly adapted to the production
of some of out most valuable staple com?
modities, and her commercial advantages,
must make her soon, one of our most pop
ulons States. , .
New Mexico, though situated in the in
terior, and though w ithout a sea coast, is
known lo contain much fertile land, and to
abound in rich mines of the precious met
als, and to be capable of containing a large
population. From its position, it is the
intermediate and and connecting territory,
betw een our settlements and our possess
ions in Texas, and those on the Pacific
Upper California, irrespectiv e of the
vast mineral wealth recently developed
there, holds, at this day, in point of value
and importance, lo the rest of, the, Union,,
the same relation that Louisiana did when
that fine territory was acquired from
France forty-five years ago. Extending
nearly 16 deg. of north latitude along the
Pacific, and embracing the only safe and
commodious harbor on (hat coast for many
hundred miles, with h temperate climate
and extensive interior of lerlile lands, it
is scarcely possible to estimate its value
until it shall be brought tinder the govern
ment of our laws, a:id its resources fiillyi
developed, t rom its position, it must
command the rich commerce of China, of
Asia, of the Islands of the Pacific, of
Western Mexico, of Central America, the
South American Slates and of the Rus
sian possessions bordering on that Ocean.
A great emporium will, doubtless, speed
ily arise on the California coast, which may
be destined lo rival in importance, New
Orleans itself. The depot of the vast
commerce which must exist on the Pacific,
will be at some point on the Day of San
Francisco, and will occupy the same re
lation lo the whole western const of that
ocein as New Orleans does lo the Valley
uf the Mississippi and the Gulf uf Mexi
co. To this depot, our numerous - whale
ships will resort with their ca -frees, lu
trade, refit, and obtain supplies. This trade
will largely contribute lu build up a Ci'y
which will soon become a centre of the
great and rapidly increasing commerce.
Ciituated on a sale harbor, sufficiently ca-
pscioiis for nil the navies, as well as the
marines of the world, and convenient to
excellent timber for ship building, owned
by the United Mnles, it must become our
great Western Depot.
It was known that mines (it the pre
cious metals existed to a considerable ex
teni in California, at the lime of its occu
pation. Recent disnot eries render it prob
able, that these mints are more extensive
and valuable lliun was anticipated. T he
accounts of the abundance of gold in thai
territory ore of such an extraordinary
character as would scarcely command be
lief, were lhey not corroborated by the
authentic report of officers in Ihe public
service, w ho have visited Ihe mineral dis
tricts and derived the facts which detail
from personal observation. ' Reluctant to
credit the reports in general circulation ss
to the quantity of gold, the officer com
manding our iorce in California, visited
th s mineral district in July last for (he
purpose of obtaining accurate information
on the subject. His report to the War
Depart merit f (he result of his examina
tion, and (he facts obtained on the nt,are
herewith laid before Congress. hrn be
visited the country there were about -1,000
persons engaged in collecting gold. There
is every reason l believe that the number
of persons so employed has silica been
augmented. Ihe explorations slreoly
made warrant the belief that ihe stippW
is vey large and that gold is found in vJ
nous points in an extensive district c'
Information received from officers and
other sources, though not so full t,nJ mi
nute, confirm the account of the command
er of our military force in California. Ii
appears, also, from these reports, I Ii
mines of quicksilver are found in the vi
cinity of die gold region. One of them is
now bning worked, and U believed to bs
one uf the Inojt productive in the world.
The effects produced by the discovery
of these rich mineral deposits, ,ud li-a
success which has attended the Ltnu
those who have resorted tv thusft. i -
produced a surprising change, in i'. - - -of
affairs in California. Labor d
a most exorbitant price, and all v i t - -suits,
but that of searching for tl s j
clous metals, are abandoned, f ' v -w
hole male population of the con ;
gone to the gold district. Ships ,
on Ihe coast, are deserted by tl wt,
sue their voyages suspended f r w . t U
sailors. Our commanding: eft.rs t'.rf.
entertain apprehension, that v!i!
not be ke'pt in the publie erv h u
S ill
a Urge increase ot pay. . Den
nis command had become k frn
he recommends thoe skho shuU
ih. strong temptation, and re
fulshall be rewarded,
'hi abundance. of golJ, atij .
NO 47.
grossing pursuit of it, have already caus
ed, in California, an unprecedented rise ia
the necessaries of life.' ' 'V '
' That we may the more speedily and
fully avail ourselves of the undeveloped
wealth of these mines, it is deemed of vast
importance that a branch mint of the U.
States be authorized to be established du
ring the present session in (California.
Among olh.cr signal advantages that would
result from such an establishment, would
be that of raising ihe gold to its par value
in that, territory. A branch mint of the
U. Slates at that great commercial depot
of the West coast, would convert into our
coin, not only the gold derived from ore
on rich mines, bill also the bullion and
specie which cur commerce may bring
from the whole West coast, Central and
South America, the West coast of Amer
ica, and the adjacent interior, embrace the
best mines of New Mexico, New.Grena
da, and Central America, Chili and Peru.
The bullion and specie drawn from
ihese countries, and especially from New
Mexico and Peru to an amount in value of
many millions of dollars, are now annual
ly diverted and carried by (he ships of C.
Britain to her own ports, to be roroined,
or used to sustain her national 'eank, and
thus contribute to increase her ability to
command so much of the commerce of the
w orld. If a branch mint be established
at ihe great commercial point upon thai
coast, a vast amount of bullion and specie
would flow thither, lo be received and
pass thence to New Orleans aihj N. York,
and other Atlantic cities. The amount nf
our constitutional currency at home would,
be greatly increased, while in' creultio!i'
would be promoted. It is well know n ta
our merchants trading to China and the1
West coast of America, that great incon
venience and loss , are experienced. from,
the fact, that our coins sre not current at
their par value in those countries. ' . '-
The powers of Europe, removed frorn
the west coast of America by the Allan
tic ocean w hich intervenes, and by ihe te
dious and dangerous nav igation around the
Cape of ihe cantineut of America, can
never successfully compete vi ith the Vnit'
tee States in the rich and extensive torn-'
merce which is opened lo us at so mud
less c-nst by the acquisition of California.
The vast importance and commercial
advantages of California have heretofore
remain undev eloped by the government of
the country of which it constitutes a parM
Now that llns fine province is a part of
our country, all of the States of the Un-.
ion, some more immediately and directly
than others, are .deeply interested in' the
speedy development of its wealth and re-'
sources. No section of our country ia
more interested, or will be benefited more,
than the commercial, navigation and man-,
ulacturing interests of tho Eastern Slates.
Our planting and farming interests' in ev-'
ery part of the Union will be greatly ben
efited by ii. As our commerce and nav
igation ere enlarged and exteuded, our ex-'
ports of agricultural products, and our
manufactures will bo increased, and in the
new market thus opened, they camuX fail
lo command remuneration and provable'
price. . , ";'
The acquisition of California and News
Mexico, the settlement of the Orego.ii
boundary, and the annexation of Texas,
extending to the Rio Grande, are results,'
which, when combined, are of greater'
consequence, a:ii will add more lo tlie;
strength and health of the nation,, than any
w likh have preceded them since the adop- .
lion of the constitution.
Bui lo effect these results, not only Cal
irornia but New Mexico must be brought'
ujuisr the tontrol of regular . organised
government. 1 he existing condition af,
Cali.ornia, and that.jtarl of New Mexico
lyii g west of the Rio Grande, and with-'
out the limits of Texas, imperiously de
mand that Congress, should, at its pres
ent section, organize territorial govern
mei.ta ovei them.. . Upon the exchange af
rt'it.ca'.iou of a treaty of peace w ith Mr
ion, on the 30th of May, the, temporary"
gov m menls w hich had been established'
ovei New Mexico, had ceased li exist.'
Ih.j rrssed w ith the necessity of establish-'
nig1 territorial governments over them, I
resimisended lo the favorable Consider-,
t.jri of! Congress in. my. message corumu
. .higthe ratified;' treaty ol ttare,: or
ii UHol' July lasu.and invoked (KeiraiV,
'.oil u:. that session. ...Congress adjourned
wiui-.iii making ary provision lor their,
i iment. The inhabitants! by the
i. I of their country, have been enti-i',-i
- 'Ji benefits ol uur law sand const i-
. ; and yet were left w ithotit'any re-.',.
'"' V organized government. -, tiuW.
ii. j.'- t.oe, a very limited power pteasi
v '- Executive has been exercised tq
; - rve and prolrcl them from the inev
t ' cunseunences of a slate' of aiwrrhv
I Pal
only government which'' remained:
' !t established by udliiary ulhrHy
;:lhe w ar. . Regarding . this .i, iw
-'iiiDenl, and that,, by the iirrMuiiedj
- nl of the inhabitants, it might be cvn
J temporarily, thrj'were advi.ej to

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