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QTdDm , LiilA'. ...i ... vug ;:;iAirtEfcoN k' j. ritchey, j VOL iVi OKI ft. we?., the Drug Store, ' (ETic raoM Mito Street.) v , ',.., . . i.. TERMS: t . ' . -' The Saturday Morning Visitor is pub .jUhed enee a week at 52 00 per annum, yeyeble in. advance. H Advertisements will be inserted at $1 per rure l' 16 tix teen lines or less) for the .first Insertion, and fifty cent for each con .tinuanee; For one square 3 months $5 lo for six months, $3 do for 12 months, JUS 00. An additional number of squares n the same proportion. KJ Advertisements not marked with the number of insertions required, will be con tinued until ordered out, and chained ac cordingly. No deviation from this rule. A liberal deduction will be made to those who edveitise by the year. S Adverti sers by the year will be confined strictly to thir business. ; tVCandidatrs announced for $3 00. Original Communication. - For the Visitor. TEARS. ','Lortnxot hast thou even weighed a sight Or studied the philosophy of tearsl thou descended deep into the breast And teen their source? If not, descend t' with me, ' " And trace thrt briny rivvlels to their . . springs." Voono. ' 'There is something in tears adumbra tive. of sorrow,, end therefore peculiarly Interesting. ,,! ''' ' The thilj , of sorrow, thrust out upon the world's wide s'ii'fe, and doomed in jeniiry to finish his career, enlists our re gar J, but when keen misfortune o'er whelms him, and the liquid pearl lingers upon the eyelid, or in quick sm cession courses ils way through the channels time's furrows hath mane, our kindliest i i ympawiics are aroused auu n o surrcnucr willing captives to their enchanting influ ence, J - yep ' There is tatness, strength and beauty always associated with tears greatness, because of their modesty strength, be cause of their weakness and beau'y, be i - cause ef lher simplicity. Who can resisi their eloquence? who can withhold blessing when they plead? 'Tears from different causrs rise, "As if from separate cistern in the soul, t Of various kinds they flow." , s .Suffer one: who knows what it is to weep, and who can sympathise with "those lhat weep," to lead you to the fountain whence tears flow, and tine, peradven (tire you will "weep with those that weep and rejoice with those that rejoice." The eye is the most curious and at tractive organ of animal bodies. It is sit uated in bony socket, in which it finds roonfto perform the requisite motions, and by which it is protected. The light which transmits the images of surrounding ob jects, enters through the chrystaline ljiit, and falls upon the retina, upon which, Within the space represented by fourpence, 'turned an exact image of many miles of landscape in all its beauty and perfection ; the beeutilil cottage waving litlJs of grain running brook, and the busy tribes of animals that people the 'dust,' in their proper color and just proportions. The oppression thus made upon the optio nerve causes a sensation vvhich communicates to the' mind the diversified objects of sense. -That the visual organs may not hi dis turbed, it fs necessary that the membrane whicjfi forms the outer covering, be kept tnoist and free from contact with opaque substances. ' To afford a supply of the fluid that shall answer the purpose, there is at the outer and upper psrt of the ball 'small gland which Secrets the lachrymal fluid, and putt it out' at the corner of the eye, whence, by the motion of the balls, it is spesJ pver the surface of the eye. When wa sleep,, the "windows" are tuui) in prevent i.iq tiurus.uii ui mr..- cfe't, or any thing that would arouse its elusibetsJ- When after piuch sleep, (he shunters.' are thrown open, there it a dull net ef vision, arising, no doubt, from the drynesa of the corner, then the rapid mo Upn of the eyq-Jids, commonly called winking,1 afterawhile the eya being pro perly cleansed, we era 'awake,' and may venturt (brth' Into the garden of Nature, And ylew thrqtigh'nslure, ; 1 'Vetor."'.-.-- Here shall It is from the glands that supply the lach rymal fluid, that tears flow. Impressions upon the nervous system exercise a powerful influence upon the secretions as, for instance, the mere thought of some delicious fruit or some thing scid, of the juice of a lemon will excite s flow of the salivary fluid into the mouth. An emotion of' the mind influen ces the. glands which . secrete and pour forth the ''chrystal tinr." It is only when these sparkling gems come forth under the imjftilseof sorrow, that they properly can be called teors Every ( (ear represents some sorrow preying upon the heart, and eating out its joy. Hence the sympathy it seldom fails to create. How proper that the eye should be the "fountain ot tears" here they are public, and from this index, the pages of the soul may he read. How of ten when reason and entrea'y fail, does the tear come forth and pJead a truce and triumph in its beseech!: ? What rivers of tears, pumped up by w ar, pestilence and intemperance are run ning thro' the hearts of a horror stricken world ? 'Tis not unmanly to weep "Je sus w ept" which, when the Jews saw, it thrilled their hearts and they said "see how he loved him." Said an eminent prophet, "0 that my head ere waters, and mine eyes' a foun tain of tears." And who will not join with the prophet of God, if by so doing, we can ameliorate the condition of man 1 Tears arise from different causes. Dis appointment sometimes occasions weep- inc. liereavemeiit, however, is a more pregnant cause. When by the pillow of a loved one, we see life's lamp flickering, the flower of the cheek fading, 'tis then we love to weep. This is a vale nf tears, but the good man, though storm-driven upon the foam crested billows of lime, repairs to his chart unl compass, and the needle ever true to the pole, directs him to the haven where "tears shall be wiped from his eyes," and sorrow and ighing shall be no mure. V. II. S. Oscola, Mo., Pec. 25, 1848. a fit vtni4i-4iohl. The TVetf throughout the Union is in perfect travail w ith the Gold fever. Cho lera, Ship lever and European revolutions have Iol ail power of excitement. Even the sober "weeklies" and religious jour nuts have taken up the "glittering lule," ai-.J from inoulh to mouth it spreads like a charmed contagion. t,un the pulpit resit- weaving it in chauntt and holy dis courses? what tongtie of eloquence will not plow somewhat w ith this precursor of the Golden Age f .fright and beautiful were the dry of primitive Arcady glo riiius and mellow those w hich the Eutopi an saw in his Uioii golden the eras of Midas, and Jason w ith Jiis shining fleece, but (his real, practical California Age of bold, surpasses the fictions ot dream and fable. The exapgrration of th6 Arabian Nights is swallowed in the discoveries of our day, and the "gold of Ophir" is become a lesser by-word. The lading and departure of hundreds of ships, vieing which shall first circle Cape Horn the emigration of thou sands end tens of thousands of adventu rous men, some known to us all for wealth, intelligence and enterprise the feverish pulsations of Wall street, and the univer sal "Ho I for California !" are not these the most wonderful sign of our wonderful times? Exhaustless gold cries from (he far off rocks and sands, . ' Come one, pome all, the hills shall fly From their firm base at toon at 1 1" The "Scientiflo American,'' a calm, truth-speaking journal, tries to keep cool over the picture present and prospective, but in vain. Its philosophic editor con fesses that "Every twentieth person that we meet in the street, is bound for California, .bag end baggage. Seven vessels left this ort one' day this week, bound for the gold re gion, with tome hundreds of passengers. It is said there is as much gold in Califor nia at will enrich all the .Inhabitants of the United Statics. The passion for going to California is hot confined to a few reck less yojing men men of capital are going off in droves, and the broken in Wall street are dropping their merchandise in bills, to speouWe in the resj.dust, Over $30,020 wQr.thvof it was deposited in the Philadelphia mini on the Saturday last, the Press the People1! right! maintain, WARSAW, MISSOURI, SATURDAY MORNING, JANUARY 13, and bags of the dust are pouring in from all quarters." "Haw shall I go to Paiiforniai" is the great inquiry. We can only say that 99 in the 100 are taking ship passage, via Cape Horn. The gold region ia princi pally overflowed hy rains Irom uecemuer to April, so that ships leaving New York now, w ill be in California as soon as ad venturers can begin digging the gold. The ships in preparation are filling rapid ly. The Apollo, a fine 800 ton vessel, at the foot of Chambers street, with large, light and airy state rooms between decks, had nearly a hundred applicable yester day. She is perhaps one of the best sp pointed vessels going out, and is to sail in a few i'ujs, probably ihe first one from the port. Several physicians, mechanics and artisans of all kinds are among her pas sengers. She lakes out abundance of pro visions, nnd her rate of passage is about half that via Panama. On the passage there will be a fine opportunity for study ing the Spanish language, forming compa nies, plans, &c. There need lie no ap prehension about the ground being soon dug over. A million men could not dig all the ore in a century. JV. Y. Sun. Vibcinia vs. CAZ.iroBNiA.-The Rich mond Whig has been shown fourteen bare of gold from the booker mine, weighing 2,482 dwls. They are the product of two months' work, with twelve hands. The value is $2,048 54, or a little more than $200 to the hand. By Telegraph for ihe St. Louis Union. Congressional. Warhisgtom, Dec. 27. Semite. Ehe Vice President being ab sent, Mr. Atchison, President pro lem., called the Senate to order at the usual hour. Prayer by Rev. Mr. Slicer. Sundry petitions and memorials w ere presented by Messrs. Allen, of Ohio, iienton and Johnson,' of Georgia, which were read and referred to the several com mittees, i Mr. Allen presented a memorial of the citizens of Ohio, asking for the reduction of postage. Mr. Benton presented a petition for es tablishing several luud offices in Missou ri. Several private bills were presented and referred. The Senate proceeded to the considera tion of the bill providing for the purchase of Light Houses to be established at the mouth of the Mississippi river. It was argued in the affirmative by Messrs. Johnson, of La., Downs, Clayton and Bell. Messrs. Davis, of Massachusetts, and Bradbury opposed the passage of the bill, which was finally laid aside. Senate adjourned. House. After the usual preliminaries of the morning business, the Speaker an nounced as first business in order, the re consideration of the vole by which Boll's resolution passed providing for the prohi bition of the slave trade in the District of Columbia. Mr. Stewart, of Michigan, said he was opposed to ihe abolition of Slavery in the District, without ihe consent of the peo ple, and desired thai the resolution should be amended. . t A motion was made to lay the resolu tion on the table, which waa negatived. Mr. Benton moved, that the further consideration of ihe resolution be postpo ned for two weeks. Mr. Sawyer rose to a privilege ques tion, w hich related to an article published in Ihe New York Tribune, respecting the mileage received by members. He re marked that he thought his honesty had been attacked. Vv Mr. Turner also spoke censuring Mt, Greely very severely for having written the article. He offered a resolution in structing the mileage committee to report to the House whether any member had received any excess of miloige, and whe ther ihe article in the New " ork Tribune amounted to an allegation of fraud, and if it did, said committee were empowered to send iur persons ana papers. A motion to lay the resolution on Ihe table w as lost. Mr. Greely explained snd admitted (hat he wrote the article in question. He was interrupted and interrogated by different members. ' - The Question wat called on the resolu tion, and was it adopted. . The House thon adjourned. . Waijukoto, Dee. 28 r. u. Smote. Mr. Atchison, the President pro tern., called the Senate to order at the usual hour, ' Mr. Hannegan, of Indiana, appeared tnd took hit teat. ... J . x . , Sundry memorials and petitions w ers presented tnd referred. Unaw'd by influence, unVribed Mr. Bright,' of Indiana, submitted t joint lesoluiioh, which was considered by unauiroous consent and agreed to. It al lows the messengers of the electoral votes the same compensation as herelfore. The Senate spent the remainder of the day in Executive session. House. After the usual mornfng busi ness, on motion of Mr. Vinton, the civil ai.d diplomatic' and Indian appropriation bills for the fiscal year, were made the or der nf the day for Thursday next. Mr. Collamer, from the committee on Publio Lands, reported a bill allowing the right of way through the public lands for canal and railroad purposes, which was referred lo the Committee of the Whole. Mr. Collamer moved that the bill grant ing to the other States, than the old thir teen, the same quantity of land allowed the State of Ohio, for internal improve ments, heretofore referred, be laid on the table, which was agreed to. A communication was received from the Department of Stale, in answer to the resolution of the House, calling for infor mation in regard to the imprisonment of Americans in Ireland. un motion ot rur. inion, me House resolved itself into Committee of the Whole, on the stale of the Union, the de hate upon which was continued until the hour ol adjournment. laItekrom yucata n. By the arrival at New Orleans on the 26th of (he brig Harriett. Capt. Whitney, ten days from isal, the Picayune has re ceived the Boletin Official of Merida, to the blh inst. " . . The recent captnse of Telo, n mcst im portant strong-hold in the Peninsula, has given quite an-lher aspect to the deslruc live war, so long raging between the Ya catecorf and the Indians. "This victory," say Ihe Boletin, "has diffused a higher and purer satisfaction a mono the inhabi tants of the Slate, than has reigned there for a very lona time." It odds, that it is of the most vital importance to the coun try, and hrs already restored to the con trol of the gov eminent a vast number of citizens, as well of Europe as of indigen ous origin. From the Boletin of ihe 5A inst Ahhivid. At Sisal, just arrived from Vera Cruz, the national schooner Rifae fa, w iili $14,000 for the State government, and $ 1,200 for (he Charitable Society of Merida.. ..On the same day, arrived from New Orleans the American bark Florida, with 330 volunteers, and 60 suck of corn, for ihe municipal authorities of Merida. The promptitude with which Col. White performed his engagement with the Yu catan government, relative (o the volun teers contracted for, and to he raised in the United Stales, merits (he highest pane gyric. The same compliment is due to M.ij. McConnell and Capt. Kelly, who accompany him. The foreign battalion of volunteers late ly arrived at Sisal, are now in this city. They vv ill afford a firm rallying point and an efficient support (6 our own ojnbatfjnti, as they are inspired with ardent enthusi asm for the cavse of the government. They have already captivated the publio esteem by their good cundjicl, and partic ularly l y the firm deportment of llieir offi cers. The remaider of these paper's are filled with accounls of skirmishes and guerrilla encounters, which are recorded as always terminating to the advantage of the whites. . Tut Capacity or nit Wesr. A writer in the North American Review, gives qnite a glow ing account of the capa city ot ihe West. The sketch. Jiowever, is by no means exaggerated. Ile-ssys that of alUlie great products of this world, coffee i Ihe only one which does not or msy not grow there. Take the people of Britain, Ireland, France, Holland, Germa ny, Italy, and Spain, and place the whole in (he valley beyond (he Alleghanies, and it would continue to ask for "more." O hio alone, without sinking a pit below the level of her valleys, could supply coal e- uua) to the amount dug from the mines of Lnglsnd and Males for twenty-five hun dred years j'aiid Ohio is but a pigmy, in the w ay of liiumen, compared with wet tern Pcnnsylvsnia tnd Virginia. .Iron a bounds from Tennessee to I-ke Erie, tnd forms Ihe very mountains of Missouri tnd Arksnsas Salt wells up from secret store houses in every northwestern State. Lead enough to shoot the human race extinot is raised from the great pnetalic dikes of Ill inois tnd Wisconsin. Copper and silver beckon all trusting capitalists to the shores of Lake Superior. And mark the water courses, the chain of lakes, the Immense plains graded for railroads by nature's own hand, Ilia resorvoirt of water wtiling for canals to use them.' Already lh farmer, far in Ihe interior woods of Ohio or Indi ana, may ship his produce at his own door iolfeach Boston, New York, Philadelphia, rdtimore, or New Orleans, and every mile of its transit shall ba hj canal, steam boat, tnd railctr. Bickutlrs Reporter. by gain. 1819. From the St. Louis Union, blh inst. THE CALIFORNIA FEVER. The inordinate excitement now prevail ing throughout the whole country, caused by the recent discovery of the ereal min eral wealth of California, partakes not a little. o( that speculative feeling which has st times heretofore prevailed, producing disappointment to many and ruin lo tome. The result has generally been, that a few have amassed large fortunes, while ihe condition of the great mass has been :ren4 dered infinitely worse than before. Ruin, destitution and misery, to an enormous ex tent, have too frequently been the conse quences of those speculative manias. ' indeed, it teems to us beyond probabil ity, that any , scheme could be invented, or any natural circumstances occur, by which any great number of persons might suddenly become possessed of large wealth, in cases where competition is open lo all alike. 'I he effect of the present excitement.we much fear, w ill be, the disappointment ol thousands, if not the ruin of themselves and families. We allude particularly to those w ho may be induced to sacrifice their property, and the solid comforts of life, accumulated by years of toil, for the un certain prospect of gain in the 1 Dorado of the West. It would be folly to question, Jhe great wealth of California in the precious met als, but it should not be forgotten that gold cannot purchase happiness, nor always the comforts of life. Of w hat value would be the, accumulation of thousands of dol lars' worth of gold dust, if with it the ne cessaries of existence could not be pur chased, save at an enormous price, or if hy its acquirement, health and ease snust . be sacrificed, and social intercourse for- gotten? Before another year ihe bright prospect may change, misery ar.d destitu- lion be seen in its stead. A large proportion of those who will em.grate to California with ihe t.rly Spring, will sacrifice their all of disposa- ble meant to gel there. They w ill arriv e destitute, in a land of adventurers, whose be ter sympathies have been blunted, il not obliterated, by Ihe engrossing idea of individual gain. Without Ihe immediate means of sustaining themselves, discom forts must at every point beset thera. Without friends to call on for relief, and disappointed, in the sudden tcqusition of , r .... u i?, , i . wealth, the condition of such must become miserable in the extreme. It is supposed thai not less than a hun dred thousand persons will emigrate to laiitornia during ihe next twelve months m1 ti "i.0 .,, thousand will go there -vi.h the intention f ne; help him to get hit lesson. Jf of following any of the ordinary trade, or .tTt W f,6' 'f,?"0?" pursuit, of life; The great mass will ex- hin? f"lf .n H U Pr2n,f rf h" Mttii pect I. become wealthy by finding gold. t",d "notl'er " T0" of 'hfro' ere Now, can any rational 'being, wli is no fwo W "nd.no ?ori! nt lh be grievously afflicted with the gold fever, fore- boy hat injured you, ait suppose for one moment, ih.t there it any "fT fo,r for!v kh."n fd spot on the face of ihU.ear.h, where one l"c,''r "J .,0 '.'..Jfe hundred thousand persons could enrich themselves, within any reasonable lime. ro',ch Au lo have Bml ?ul by picking up gold ? Let lit suppose that S J , ,'" " ' ' the California gold regions are even rfch-1 . T y t. """ ' ' '' '' erthan these discovered in Mexico, by JIPF" Jm E'F'.A gentleman Cobt es, or in Peru, by PitAtao. Yet it from Lock port, N. Y., wentout in the Eu would be well to recollect lhat but a mere ropa with about 2,000 barrels- of choic handful of all who accompanied or follow, applet, of tome 25 different varieties, ter ed those daring adventurers acquired any lected from the orchards of Niagara cousj. considerable wealth. ty, with sptcfel reference to the foreign We are glad to see that the press it be- ' market. We venture to tsy, say t a Buf einning to raise its warning voice, and PPerf better specimens of American trust that many will thereby, be induced horticulture were never tent abroad. The to think twice before they make a sacrifice exportation of applet has heretofore been of their property, and abandon those pur- wtle on on'y Iid scale, and wa suits in which Ihey are now making t'ust the enterprise may! not only provo comfortable' support, to follow what may ! remunerating, but initiatory to a aiioceet- prove a phantom " " ar u A That California musi become a power ful, w ealthy and prosperous Stale, no one can doubl. That a laree and wealthy citv will soon rise on the shores of the Bay of c. : , i uuii a rancisco, is rquauy ueyona reason able doubt. Tw all who desire to emi grate to California, lo engage in commerce, agriculture or manufactures, go, sty we, by all meant. Carry with you the enter prise, the industry, and ihe perseverance of the Anglo-Saxon race, and you will dtf well. The field is a noble one for all such. But be who goes lo California, not to pro duce wealth by following tome useful call ing, but to acquire richet by piekin uc gold, will embark in a lottery, in which lliirJI ir Vfirv muni; Itlunl-a I. .1 .m. h.!.. The paid will, after all, toon find ilt wsv , , ' v 1 j v' into ihe hands of the keen speculator, or the industrious and prudent trader, vr far mer. Gold never remains long in ihe hands of those who pick it up without much trouble. It generally goes about at easy at it comet. To those who tre now enjoying all the comforts, and many of (he buries of life, we would raise the warn ing voioe "Let well enough alone,' . ' Just consider a hundred thousand per tona engaged in washing tand, in search ol small partiules - of gold, bow much would prJbally fall to the hJ of each one? Tht delusion consists in this ecb one (EDITORS AND PROPRIETORS; ' ; " ' " ! no: io. supposes there will certainly be enough gold in California to make him rich, w4tb' out reflecting thafevery ether person goef there entertaining the ssme opinion. H know there are certain prize in the lot tery, and ho takes it fur granted thal'fe will draw them, ot at least one of them. , We again say, we do not with lo die courage emigration to Ctlifomit, for' wa know of no better field Tor the enterprise ing and industrious. Eut the whole bias lory of the world teachet ut that nttisnal and individual wealth can only be'Sequir ed by patient tnd labortdua industry. Look at Spain when the first discovered' the mines of the Dew world, she wit the' most flourishing and powerful nation o' earth. For more than a century (rtresiot of the preciout metals poured in upon her she neglected the useful pursuits' of in-' dustry indulged in every extrtvsgsnce, and now she is about the poorest nation in' Europe. The industry of other nationa drew from her hearty all her wealth,.' nd left her a poor, exile, and impoverished nation. ?. , r ' .-. ' ' , I . It it a notorious fact that the poorest and; most miserable people on earth, are thot0 who live in the vicinity of minet of gold and silver. We will venture the aster' tion that in les than iejn yearaf nearly all the products of the minet of California! will belong to those who never found a"' dollar's w orth of gold. If large ouantitiea of gold should be found, it will give wonderful impetus to commerce, ttsnufac lures and agriculture. Property of every ' description will increase in value, or, rath er, gold will decrease in value. Brisk' trade and abundance of money, will facil-" tate Ihe acquisition ol property. I Pose a-V... lint,! nn t n-Vl.f (h Vl.V nt nfl continue to foiow their ordinary occbp ,ion, wi lur thu excitement to their oxvn advantage. , Thortr wUo.'.in a frenlty of citelBenl, MCrifise Ihei propW- abandon their Irades-spend all they faav ' t0 reach Ue gold region. will. we. fea,on- ly .wake from their delusion to find llietrfi MjVM ruine(1 ; fortune-enfeebled by dit- CMef ,nd wi,hou, energy ,nd hope necM. t0 renew what Ihey have heedlestly irown . ... - , , ' ' ,., A Few word for Children. You were " made to be khid, genertfuVand tnaginhU mous. If there it a boy in the tchsol who " ' c"ub '"oot don t 'et "m tww that you ever saw it. If thera it a boy with rag ged clothes don't 'talk about ragt whe$ ho is in hearing. If there it a lane boy, as sign him tome pert w hich doet not require running. If there is a hungry one.' give l.; . . . e - A' ... ..- mm a nan oi your dinner. u inert' is a. . a J- a.K a . . 11 wl" Pre oenencial lathe fruit growers of this country. A few years tgo a farmer had' an old or chard of four or rive acres, which had net been ploughed for 80 years, which hi neighbors said was worthless. He plough-, ed it, manured it well,' and took "off a good . erop of oatt. He pursued the same course' the two following years. The 'third year' he had crop of oatt, cut before! ripe for foddet, and 2S0 barrels of epploW' Pre vious to ploughing be did ' nut gel more than eight barrels a year,- , 3 ,.; .. t . , Fstjihf Demealte ?nwaf. If cte cost dailv treads threa mumli rf hv i, I r... S.'.t.. .. J 1 .V . :,i . , . . . ouu, ius win waste ar.oui a ! hundred, pounds per month; or a herd of twenty cow t would wastf t (on per month. At thu rale, how many times, every ten yeart would the quantity wasted pay the : expenses of making feeding bexa and' racks? ... . -.- . , . ; ' I h II Il IHWIIl 1 MW ' - f Pro of Farming. If i stated in i'f Germanlown Telegraph, tl.afa farmer of' 80 aires, hat laid by; according to his awn " uaieraew, $ i.ujjU Je.r' fwr the laat'SO years alter pj i:r ! lodustncut . life, at a eiriiin. lrrnTy es pf-utt. n U ll.e dot ! a citizen, la ih distinguishing tj. t of hit character.