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Ar i jf In "'I"1';.', Itt H-"t' !'" -' ' To Ui "I ,vi.,. . V v ..: .3 .a .r.l- ji.:. . " ' vnsnTdDffio :E. CAMERON & J. RITCHEY, VOL. IV. ' Office over the Drug Store, (Ektbahcs from Main Street.) TERMS: .- The Saturday Morning Visitor. Is pub Kihed bnee week at $2 00 per annum, payable in advance. ' ' AJvertitemtntt will be inserted at $1 per square of 16 sixteen lines or le?s) for the ' first insertion, and fifty cents for each con tinuance. For one snuare 3 months $5 do for six months, $3 do for 12 months, 12 00. An additional number of squares in the same proportion. ' KJ-Advertisements not marked with the : number of insertions required, will be con tinued until ordered out, and charged ac cordingly. , No deviation from this rule. . A liberal deduction will be made to those ' who adveittse by the year. ' "Adverti sers by the year will be confined strictly to their business. Candidates announced for $3 00. J "."'!".! 1 . . ' t - i For (he Visitor. .t'lir , .Jsrrsnso Citt, Jan. 8, 1849. Messrs Editors: Nothing of import ance, in my estimation, lias yet been done by the General Assembly. All the stib .jects that "have yet been disposed of, liave been either triual, or of a locul nature. The City h. been and is yet crowded with aspirants lo office. It is amusing to see see them at one moment they seem full of anticipation, and the sunshine of joy lulls them into the delusive sleep of pleas ure, from which they awake only to wit hes 0'eir disappointment. St far the members of the General As sembly., appear to divert themselves of party feelings in Legislating, and look a J.ine f the Interest, happiness and pros perity of .the country. There i conside rable talent and much moral worth in both rWltilsi, Various bills, resolutions and memorial ti. Congress have been intro duced in both houses, some of which are of, much importance, Arid others again in tended tor (Buttcomh) only. Legislation, s I understand it, i intended to embrace the interests of all classes of society. Laws, therefore, which are local in their nature, 'or which operate favorably on one portion of the community to the injury of another, cannot be said to be otherwise than injurious to the settled interest of the whole. ' ' Mr.'. Gal'vood, the Senator from the 24th Senatorial district, submitted a reso lotion that the Committee on the Jndkiht ry be instructed to inquire into the expe diency -of so amending lh Execution law, as to exempt homesteads from execution, vi fii'tUj , resolution was adopted. I am pleased to see this subject come before the General Assembly, advocated by men of improved .capacity, experience and un questionable .fidelity. Mr. Gatewood is one of the working Democracy a man of . deep research and a close reioner, full of energjf, spirit and talent. If there is any thing more than another thut make men independent, it is the possession of his own common toil, and hi ow n firetide, which, though but little, hu wife and chil dren cannot be deprived of, without his content. ,t will endear the rUing gene ration to the country, enable them to pro curp' an ' education, and cause them te be ' raised to habits of industry and usefulness. And if there should be genius amongst thmwhich i as likely to proceed from a cabin a a palace, they may attain t the highest offleq in their country' gift. , The subject of Internal Improvement will receive the consideration of the Le gislature. That some system of improve iriejfit should be commenced which would coincide with the genius of our institu- W)f,yncVjpirjl of the people, is conclu sive;-,. This lubjeet will meet with (at- senteir sdvocates m both nouses. Mr , Zt.ewgo4. antf Mr. Lowe, in the Senate, d Cohi Btllou and B. F. Robinson, m thVowsf tlouie, united with other, all of whom M. talented, logical end argU- nftntttWell'10' ! Tbjsbejng Ije anniversary of the 8th of January, it was celebrated here with ihVsjHrlt which becomes freemen. An orslvoft f rddr wai delivered in the rtnitnl. bv Cnl. JimH IT. Itirnh-. It was b!eimf,T'rjteretting, and i viewed here VT evert uppreinuioed mind, ar one that ouli net be Surpassed by any man, in the Stl.lth Col', i possessed ot fine tal oVlit' Pi,t,e diepoeition.- L A Here ihall speaker, he spread the charm of style nd eloquence on his ubject, with occa sional flushes of wit ond flights of fancy peculiar to himself, and edifying to his hearers. GERMANICUS. From ihe St. Louis Union, 8th inst. STATISTICS OF THE EPIDEMIC. Our latest files from fte'w Orlerns are to the evening of 'the 29lh ult., not so late by two day as the accounts received l.y Telegraph. There is much reason for the belief, we think, that the violence of the epidemic hns been far greater there, than is represented. Although some of the pa pers state thai the disease is on the de cline, others deny that such is the case. The Evening Mercury of the 20lh ays: "It appears that the cholera has not a- bated in the least, and that the number of deaths is fully as large during the twenty four hours preceding 12 o'clock to-day, as during the same time preceding 12 o'clock yesterday." The Hoard of Health had not reported on that day, for want of a quorum. The same paper slates that the number of interments in four cemeteries, for the twenty-four hours preioiis, was eighty I'uiir. The cholera had broken out in the U. States barracks, below the city. Ru mor has it, that the number of deaths oc curring daily in New Orleans, does not fall short of two hundred. The Delta of the 29ih says: "The favorable change in the weather, so anxiously looked for, has not yet taken place. It still continues wet, mirky and disagreeable, with a close, heavy atmos phere." A report had been put in circulation in circulation in New Orleans, that the chol era hud broken out on board the Falcon, bound for Chagres, but the Delta pronoun ccs the rumor unlotinded. A letter from Fort Jackson, Ln., under date of the 23d till, stales that the cholera had broken out there, and thut two sol diers had fallen victims. At Mobile, Ala.,, some fifty cases had occurred, according to report, brought to New Orleans on the 27th. . The Vicksburg, (Miss.) Sentinel of the 30th ult. says : "Cases of cholera have appeared in our city within life past two duys, distinctly marked with the well known symptoms, and originating here. We have no means of determining the number ot cases, which is not great. We have heard of four ca ses nriginuting here which terminated fa tally, and some eight or ten, who have re covered, or are rapidly recovering. There are a good many slight attacks with the fureruiiiiing or premonitory symptoms of cholera. The weather continues cold, dump, mirky, miserable rendering nuga tory all efforts to improve the sanatory condition of the town. That it has not al ready spread rapidly, is good ground for the hope that we will not have an imme diate severe visitation or the scourge." At Memphis, Tenn., on the 1st inst., a few cases hud occurred, which terminated suddenly in death. The weather, howe ver, was fine, and the general health good. At Cinciniiitli, as v ill be seen by our telegraphic reports, a few case have oc curred. The steamer Mohawk, at Louisville, from New Orleans, lost on her trip up, two deck passengers ond a deck hand. The Sthidm ulsu lost two deck hands. The John Hancock lost four passengers; the Fashion, six ; the Oriental, three ; the lIunLville, bound for Nubhville, seven; Ihe MoroCabtle, two; the Childe Harold and Com. Perry, eight ; the Taglioni, two ; the Northern Light, three; the Griffin Yeatman, two ; the Pike, No. 8, three; the St. Cloud, two; the Pennsylvania, two; and the C. E. Watkins, eight. On the latter boat were three physicians, as passengers, and it is stated that two of the number refused to render any assistance to the sick! Why not give their names V The Fettona u lying at Louisville, un able to muster a crew. The Diadem from Cincinnati, for New Orleans, fully freight ed, tin laid up at f orllttnd. At New Orleans, the levee, it is said, i covered with an immense quantity of produce, the consternation being so great that business is almost entirely suspend ed. Steamboat officers find it difficult to collect (heir freight bill, rr transact their ordinary business. The prevailing mala- dy has also attacked horses, end the re quisite number of dray cannot be procu red to remove good into store. At New York, seven new cases, end three death w ere reported on the 22d ult We perceive1 by the 7W6une of the 27lh, (hat five new cases and one death occurred at the Marine Hospital on the 26th. What it iif The Boston Post ey that two vaunar Penusylvanians, now in lio ton, nave invented a locomotive by whioh t vehicle is propelled at the rate of 200 or tho Press the People' rigliU maintain, WARSAW, MISSOURI, SATURDAY MORNING, JANUARY 20, 300 mile per hour. Ice and mow are no impediments to it operation. I ne I oi saya it is precluded from revealing the method, and declares ihe inventors are not visionaries but the authors of at least one very useful invention. Missouri legislature. IN SENATE. TuESDAT MORNING, Jan. f). After the Journal was read, a message was received from (he House, by Mr. Marvin, announcing the death of the lion. John McIIenry, a member of thut body from Dates county, and requesting the Se nate to join with them in the customary resolutions of respect lo his memory. After spine remarks from Mr. Jones of Newton, the resolutions were unanim ously adopted, and then the Senate adjour ned. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. Tuesday, Jan. 0. After the reading of Ihe Journal, Mr. Sims rose, and in a brief and feeling ad dress, announced to the House the death of the lion. Joint McIIenry, a member from Hates county. In tho conclusion of his remarks, Mr. Sims moved (lie usual resolutions of re spect to the memory of the deceased, which were unanimously adopted, when the House adjourned till 9 o'clock to-morrow morning. IN SENATE. ; time to examine it. Wednisoay MORNino, Jan. 10. Mr. llean moved a call of the Senate, Mr. Cumpbell presented the petition of w,lich WaS ordered, when all the Senator citizens of St. Louis, prajing a change in ered to their names, except Messrs. the act incorporating Ihe Independent Or-. Gatewood, Rollins, Campbell and While, der of Odd Fellows. Read and referred. ' Further proceeding under the call were Mr. Williams presented the petition of dispensed with, citizens of Cape Girardeau county, praj- Mr- Jackson was not opposed to laying ing the organization of n new county. ,lie rfTort 0,1 ,able- u"t lie WBS in fa which was read and referred to a btlct vor of prompt action on the report. He committee. would, therefore, move lo lay the report Mr. Edwards introduced a bill lo pro- 0,1 ,!ie ,l,Lle umil 10 o'clock lo-morrow, vide for Ihe erection of a tomb atone over 8,ld ,hnl " be m"'le lIle 'pecial order at the remains of James R. McDeurman, 'hat time. lute Auditor of Public Accounts, which was read and ordered to a second reading. A bill from Ihe House for the relief of Pleasant M. Wear, was read a third lime and passed. Also, House bill lo discontinue a Slate road w ithin the limit of the city of War saw. The follawincr Snnt hills worn rr.nl a third time and passed: present. A bill concerning divorce and alimon ; Mr- VclI- ro,n ,lle eIrc' committee, a bill appropriating $30,000 out of the to 1'omwas relerred a petition asking proceeds of the 500,000 acres of hind, lor ll'e '"-Pration of a company for con the improvement of Ihe Osage River, was '"cling a railroad from Pulinyra to the read a (third iroe. - Missississippi riier, reported a bill for Mr. Edwards moved that 50 copies of xut I"1'Te. which was read and ordcr- Hie lull be printed, and thut the same he referred to the committee of the w hole, which was agreed to. Mr. Leslie, from the committee on thr. Judiciarv.lo whom was referred a bill to authorize the city of St. Louis to lake ,nc"ll!d " pnsssge. The report was a stock in Ihe Mississippi and Ohio Rail- PrceJ "d he bill ordered to a third road Company, reported the same back. aud recommended its passage The bill was ordered to be engrossed for a third reading. On motion of Mr. Stewart, the Senate then look up the resolution making appro priation for ihe survey of the St. Jo?ph and Hunnibal Railroad. Mr. Jones, of Cooper, spoke in oppo sition to the amendment making Ihe State a stockholder in tuid Railroad. He said that in Ihe end, it had always proved det rimental In li e interests of the Stale to einbark in enterprise with corporate com- tianie. On motion of Mr. Jones, of N.. Ihe re- solution u ihn t..rd nvrr f.ir ihB n. (el)) On mntinn thr f?n .tr ihrn ,i;n,.rr...l unlil 9 o'clock to-morrow morning. j to 8 ,I,B Se,,a,e from ,he aiJ j district, was ordered lo be printed with HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, j"" report. . .. On motion of Mr. Chiles, the bill from r r. . Jan. J(J. j,heHouseto incorporate Chapel Hill Col- Mr. G wmn, from committee on Sute itge WM UUen p ,llrt pRed. Lands, reported a bill in relation (o (heir J A resolution, requiring the committees selection nd sale, and allowing enlriet in,on the Permanent Neat of Government of 40 acre tracts. Ordered to be engrossed. J the two Houses to act jointly in ascertain- Mr. Sayer introduced a, .bill to incor- i,,g the necessary improvement to be porate (he Lexington and Ohio City Rail- m(Mje in and about the Governor' house, road Company. . ws. adopted. " On motion of Mr. Jone. the bill was The following bills were read a third referred to committee of the whole, enditi,,,, snd passed: a bill to amend an edlto one hundred copies ordered to be printed, jir. i ampneu introuucea a Dili lo a mend the act incorporating Chapel Hill College. Passed. Mr. Jones offered a resolution author! sing the Secretary of State to furnish the House with a list of such newspaper a did not publish Ihe constitutional amend ment. ' Adopted. r lit. i , ... . ; Mr. Sayer moved the appointment cfi K committee to draft memorial to Con gress, praying a grant of land for (he ben efit of the Lexington end Ohio Railroad Company. Ordered to be engrossed. The amendments lo Ihe Cooirtitution'in Unaw'd by influence, unbribed -9 relation to Ihe Judiciary, were read Ihe third time and laid on the table. The amendments to the Constitution in relation to Ihe Judiciary, proposed at the present session, were read and referred to the committes on the Judiciary. The Speaker laid before the House a communication from the Secretary of State giving a list of the newspaper in which the proposed Constitutional amendmeut were published. A bill to define the boundary ond or ganize the county of Cass, was read and luid on the table. IN SENATE. T iingu at MoRxi.ic, Jan. 11. Mr. Priest, from the committee on Claims, to whom was referred a bill for (he relief of James Lusk, reported the same back and recommended its passage. The bill allows $250 for the distribution of the Journals and Cbnstftulion of the late Stute t'onvention. After some ex planatory remarks from Mr. Priest, Ihe bill was passed. Mr. Ellison, from the corr'miltee on E lections, to whom wos referred a resolu tion of inquiry in rclution to the contest betv een Messrs. Win. C.Jones and Abel Landers, euch claiming to represent the 22d Senatorial district, made a report ad verse to Ihe claims of Mr. Jones, and in favor of the right of Mr. Lander lo a seat. The question" being on agreeing to the report, Mr. Joires, of N., moved lo lay it on the tal)le, in order thut he mipht have mr. j ones, oi iN., spoke in opposition (o the motion. It would require longer time than that mentioned. Mr. Wells was in favor of prompt ac tion, bul he w ibhed lo act understanding!'. Heinoxed to amend the motion so as to require (he printing of Ihe report, which was agreed (o, and on motion of Mr. Jack- , me report Wu passed over fur the "u" i Mr. Lone, from the select committee to which was referred a bill lo incorporate (he S(. Louis Marine and Railway Com- Pan'- "ported the same back and recoro "'"'K u" "-" Mr. Rurti introduced a bill to incorpo rate the Missouri and Mississippi Rail road Company, with a capital stock of $400,000, shares of $100 each, which was read twice and referred lo the com mittee on Internal Improvements. Mr. Hancock introduced a bill for the benefit of Jothiu Davis, clerk of the cir cuit court of Grenne county, which was read twice and referred to ihe committee on Claims. Mr. Hancock submitted a resolution nl- ,0WI"K ou I'" .rtle,n 10 llie appointed to examine the Auditor' and Treasurer's books, for additional service imposed on Ihe committee. i On motion of Mr. Jones, of N., hi ar- fiumenl in reply to the iluiui of M. Lan i incorrK)rate the) Home Mutual Fire and Marine Insurance Company of St. Louis: a bill authorizing the city of St. Louis (o take stock in the Ohio and Miisippi railroad. . .' On motion ot Mr. Priest, the Senate adjourned unlil 2 olclock, P. M. ' On Ihe 12th, the Senate did little else but discuss the contested Senatorial ques tion, and on the 13th nothing 'of import ance was transacted. 1 ' HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. , Thcbsdat, Jan. 11. , ' The' House' resumed the consideration by gain. 1819. of the constitutional amendments. The amendment in relation lo representation was read li third time, when Mr. Perry rhnn moved lo pais over Ihe same and take tip the amendment with regard to the Ju diciary. Agreed lo. . The amendments applicable lo the Ju diciary department of the government were then taken up. Mr. Morelock moved a call of the House, which was ordered. Mr. Frost moved to lay the amendment on the table. Rejected. The question then being on the passage of the amendments, and (he vole being culled, the vole was, aye 79, noes 14. The amendment with regard to repre sentation was again taken up, whrn Mr. Swilzler moved to lay it on the table un til Tuesday next. Rejected. The amendment was supported by Messrs. Campbell, Risk, Sims, Frost, Da vies & Switzler, and opposed by Messrs' Tompkins and Bingham. Pending the discussion, on motion, the House adjour ned. Evening Session. The House resumed the consideration of the Constitutional a mendment in relation lo representation. After an interesting discussion in which Messrs. Ballou, Risk, Henderson, of Pike, Jones, Crenshaw and Compton, support ed, and Mr. Bingham. opposed them, they were passed by a vote of 78 to 14, end then the House adjourned. BANK OF MISSOURI. We are gratified to learn that the Brancn Bank of Lexington, is in a flourishing con dition and has been doing a very profitable busines. We have seen a statement pre pared by the Cashier, from which it ap pears that the profits of that Institution have been a follow : Netl profits from the 29th Oclohrr 1846 to November 22d 1848, $36,474,33, w hich is an average, for Ihe whole time, of 14 3-4 per cent, per annum. This is doing well, but it doe n ( come up to ihe profits of the Mother Bank in this city. The nett profits of the Mother Bank. exclusive of the Branches, from the 1st of January 1847.IO the 1st of January 1849, amounts lo $208,209,71, w hich is an av erage, for Ihe whole lime,. of about semi teen and one third per cent, per annum. There is not, probably, another Bank in the United Staffs that can show, for the same period, larger nett profits. The Capital of Ihe Mother Bank is on ly $600,000. The Branches have an ag gregate capital of the same amount. There i no Bank in the Union jn a more flourishing condition than the Ka.k of Missouri. St. Lovis Union. , Democracy in California. From all ac counts from the gold digging country, it would appear lo be a bad pluce for the ar istocracy. Every man there considers his labor good for $30 a day, and one writer says that "even (he poor Indian, when you talk of hiring him, shakes his bag of gold in your eye." The consequence is, we have no hired laborers, no servants; every man must black Ins own boots. 1 his is practical democracy ; no theory, no tulk ing about equality. We are all on level by that gfest law of circumstance which none can surmount. The rounds of your ladder, it i true, are gold but your neigh bor's ladder runs just a high: Selling a Wife. A man named YolnsY last week called at the New York police office, to obtain redress under the follow ing circumstance. He went from New York some three year back to New Or leans, leaving hi wife, and on hi return found I hat she was married to a man nam ed Poison. He being, however, of very peaceable disposition, compromised the matter by agreeing 16 transfer all his right and title to his w iln to Poison, for Ihe trifling consideration of $150, which Poison promised lo pay, but never did. Thinging it hard case that he could riei ther get his wife nor the jrte of her, he complained at the police office. The grave magistrate took time to think before deci ding. Death or CarT. Dutch. The Cher okee Jldvocatt announces the death-of Cpt. Wm. Dutch, an Old Cherokee, and the imt daring warrior of the tribe. He sig nalized hi prowes in war with the Osa ge. He married among them, but they put hi wife to death for some cailse1, and Dutch pave himself up to revenge. He made hi name terror to the Osage.- Of late, he wa a useful member of the Cherokee National Council. , fineri'ro Commer'c in India. A Llv erpool paper' stale that the recent change in the English navigation law ha been detrimental to the British commerce in In dia, nd highly' favorable to that of Amer ican. The writer ay that AntferioaQVf. ell tr in high favor ther,' (EDITORS AND PROPRIETORS NO. 61. .THE fJOLDEN AGE ' ".' The Baltimore American, alwty ena ble, has the following remark! upon the propable remit ot the great discoveries in California.: - . j -, i Never since the disccvery of the gold and silver mine of Mexico and Peru ha there been such a stream of the precious metals lei loose upon Ihe world bow bids fair to flow from the tiewly dicoverel mines of California.' If the account whioh have been received from Col. Mason anil other be true, a we have no reason to doubt them, a new era hat undoubtedly dawned upon commerce. ' ' The influx of gold and silver into E rope soon after the discovery of America,' gave a powerful impulse to trade and en--ttrprise, and changed the relative value of money to some considerable extent.' Nev ertheless the change was not sudden, hot so great a the vast increase lo the store) of the preciou3 metals previously in use) might lead one to suppose. - For the very increase to the quantity of gold and silver stimuluted (o new enterprises, and to en larged thu sphere of commerce and multi plied commercial operations, that if there was an addition to the money in circula tion, there was an additional field for it use. !, i,, Wi(h our rapidly-growing population, and (he astonishing increase of production which marks our progress every1 year, the) amount of (rude to be done must have re quired enlarged facilities in the way of an increased currency,. The new (upplj. from California, therefore, come in good lime, and may save us from an excessive paper currency. . ( .,r. . . But the results' of this discovery in Cal ifornia are likely to be of vust Importance? in another point of view. That new re gion so recently added lo our r, territorial possesions, will soon be peopled bf n cj live and enterprising population, the pro- ducts of whose labor, both in the pursuit of gold and the cultivation of the soil.wilf be o valuable as to compel the opening of communications with the valley of the Mississippi much sooner than would other wise happen. The commerce iif )ho( Te cific will also be the more rapidly drawn, by this event, to the port of San f anc'it'co' 1 bus the period is hastened, and is now it hand, when the grand cycle of civilization will be formed, when the' progress' of .ihe human race will have reached the point) from which it started, and the lates bora, of the nations, from the shores of Ta- cific, will contemplate scroti its' expabts the spot where humanity was cradled snd' man first started on hit pilgrimage of life. J The rich current of the world's coni-h merce, in that event, must past across Ihe bosom of our republic. W'e shall stand in that central region through which the; east, will hold intercourse with the west. Eu-j rope oh (he one hand, and Asia on the o. ther, will communicate with each other' by our means, and we shall hold (he com merce of both tributary to our greatness. It happens somewhat retnarably that the two nation of the world which posses, most absolutely the elements of progress,., are now in possession of the richest rnJnei of gold. Russia, from her Ural mountains is coining millions annually, snd has been doing to for some three or four year,' srul 1 now this country of ours it in possession , of Ihe vast treasure of California. Tk tools to the workmen who can us them best, an old addage of significant meaning, re-., ceives s new application in ihe fact just, referred lo. An instrument of great pow er i in our hands ; a similar one is wield C ed by the monarch of Russia. But are a commercial people, which Russia, i not. Through our hand the golden cur rent w ill be diffused throughput the world in the performance of peaceful Tuncon. while the imperial occupant of fhe' thfotxr of the czar may concentrate hit wealth in the erection of new arrasment snd .with.' s view to the extension of his military con quests. i ; 'S A Ft s Moss L cmThe Razor Strop man has been in Pituburg, delivering street lecture on Temperance. The 'Vti' ssyt, that some one bailed him the elihsf day with : ';.'..., (More men die by drinking cold water lhan by liquor; I know it." , The manor Strop replied ' ' ' V 'Well, my friend,' judging from your . appearance, you w i'.l nevtr be killed by1 drinking cold water ; and in my ws'lsj through Pittsburg, I find there' it s few more Itfi of the1 same tort." " , The Rum sdvboate left, mid loud shout nd cheer. t- :..i ' , ... 'i ! itt ( Coidtn Sermon The . Rv. EV, Put nam and Ihe Rev. Mr. Frihiiij;lim hv both beerf preaching gulden serai'o'n, st Boaton, for ihe bm Ci t.f ihoso s'flicttd with the California feer. Ihe' forairr took, hi text from Proverb, -'How ininh better it it to get wisdom than gold ;" i 4 the latter from Job t '-Then slult lU Jy 1 up gold dust snd Ihe sold of Ofi..rt' : the stonet of ths brooV'V."