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he Spanish ricat Published by Roy Publishing Co.j Roy, Mora Co., New Mexico ' VOL. I. FEBRUARY, 1905. - NO. 6. If I VA. 1J Ame RAILROAD PROSPECTS. Much New Building Is Scheduled for New Mexico. The New Mexican has made a care ful survey of the railroad situation in New Mexico and after due and diligent inquiry, finds it to be very favorable to the building of several hundreds of miles of track during the .present fis cal calendar year. Thia is not build ing railroads on paper, but this infor mation is based upon facts and letters from first class sources. The Albu querque eastern railroad is in course of active construction between Mori arty on the Santa Fe Central railway and the city of Albuquerque. The line when completed will be forty-five miles in length and the branch to the Hagan ( coal fields, eighteen miles in length. thus will be added sixty-three miles of railroad to the mileage now in opera tion. The Eastern railroad of New Mexico, or "The Cut-Off" as it is com monly called, from Texico through the counties of Roosevelt, Chaves, Tor rance and Valencia to Puerco station on the Santa Fe Pacific will , also he built during the year. It may not be completed, but that part of it will bo in running order by the 1st of Janu ary, 1906, seems assujed. Work will commence at an' early date from Texico west and from Helen east. The line will be 212 miles in extent. It is not exactly known as yet where it will cross the El Paso & Northeastern and the Santa Fe Cen tral on the eastern side of the Rio Grande, but that it will cross the Santa Fe at Belen is fixed. The Denver & Rio Grande railroad has made and is making several sur veys in San Juan county and the New Mexican is informed by reliable au thority that it is very likely that grad ing on the extension of that line from Durango to Farmington along the Ani mas river, a distance of about sixty miles, will commence about April 1st. It is said that grading contracts have been awarded to J. B. Orman of Pu eblo and Kirkpatrick Brothers of Wy oming. It is also said that this exten sion fit the Denver & Rio Grande rail road will be broad-gauge and will be finished in time to move the great and increasing fruit crop of San Juan county this fall. What the plans of the Denver & Rio Grande are as to ex tensions to the south, this paper has not as yet been enabled to learn, but it believes that the report it has re ceived as to a broad-gauge extension to Farmington is correct and will so prove within a few weeks. The Durango & El Paso railroad, which is backed by the Phelps-Dodge & Company people and the El Paso & Southwestern railroad, has several corps of surveyors in the field in San Juan, McKinley and Valencia counties. As far as can be determined now, the Durango & El Paso will build and that within the next twelve months from Duarngo to some point on the Santa Fe Pacific west of Grant station and 'past, nf Gallnn and will strike the Qotiio Va. Popifle in that section. It will then, so this paper is informed, use the tracks of the Santa Fe Pacific and the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe via Belen south to a connection with the El Paso & Southwestern at or near El Paso, Texas. The trackage from the New Mexico line to the Santa Fe Pacific is estimated at 140 to 170 miles. The Colorado & Arizona railroad has also several corps of surveyors in the field in western New Mexico and the commencement of active work on its proposed lines, may also be ex pected during the coming year. Thn Duraneo. Roswell & Gulf rail road, incorporated by the Pittsburg capitalists, who have built tne oanta ronti-ni and ñrf buildine the Albu querque Eastern, namely, General Francis J. Torrance, senator anuui Kennedy, Leigh Clark of Pittsburg; Delegate-elect W. II. Andrews of Al buquerque, and W. S. Hopewell of Hillsboro, are contemplating a serious move in the way of building and that before long. The next few months will L develop the intentions of this com pany. Its lines are. to run from Albu querque northwesterly to Durango and from Torrance on the Santa Fe Central, southeasterly, to Ro3well. This proposed new railroad mileage amounts to considerably over a thou sand miles and it certainly looks as if at least 500 miles of it will be under actual construction during the year and be completed by January 1, 1906. The Albuquerque Eastern railroad, the extension of the Denver & Rio Grande from Durango to Farmington and the Eastern railroad-of New-Mexico from Texico to Puerco station, can safely be put into that category. The build ing and extensions of the other lines mentioned herein are more than prob able, in one or two cases almost cer tain. The indications that New Mex ico will boom during the present year and in 1906 are multiplying and are slowly crystalizing into agreeable facts. Bills Passed by House. The lower branch of the Legislature on February 1st passed the following: An act providing for protection against floods along the' Rio Grande at San Marcial, Socorro and Hillsboro, which provides for an appropriation of $4,000; an act relating to registration, an act providing for the construction of dams and dykes and the raising of money therefor; an act creating coun ties of the first class; an act to change the name of the county of Leonard Wood to Guadalupe. About fifty bills were introduced, the most important being: . An act to provide for a system of public highways to be built by convict labor; an act appropriating $10,000 for the completion of the scenic highway; an act. fixing a levy of of a mill to build a road from Raton to El Paso; an act providing for the fixing of a standard scale of weights and meas ures; an act providing for the con struction of a bridge over the Mimbres river in Luna county. New Mexico Weather Conditions. Following is the weather bulletin, is sued February 1st, for New Mexico: "The month of January has been a mild and rather wet one, the first half especially having much rain and snow over practically all of the territory. The soil is thoroughly soaked and in excellent condition for early plowing and seeding, while tne outlook for early and excellent range and abun dant water was seldom better. A lit tle plowing has been done in the lower Rio Grande valley. " "Alfalfa is . apparently wintering well, also fruit. The mountains are heavy with snow, but the . valleys and southern slopes are generally bare. Range in northeast counties is poor and some loss of cattle and sheep is reported in that section,; but generally stock is in fair to good condition and farmers and ranchmen appear .confi dent of a most favorable, season." Robbed and Murdered. An Albuquerque dispatch of Febru ary 1st says: John M. McMann, an ex-soldier, who was employed at the government's Fort Bayard sanitarium, got on a drunk yesterday and wan dered over to the mining camp of Cen tral, where he gambled. Last night he had won considerable money and this morning his dead body was found. It is understood that after pocketing his winnings he started to walk to Fort Bayard, where he was overtaken, robbed and a shot fired, through his head. Sheriff Farnsworth may make an arrest to-night. Hearing at Santa Fe. A Santa Fe dispatch of January 31st says: In the Kansas-Colorado water right suit, testimony was heard to-day in the Supreme Court chamber by Com missioner G. A. Richardson of the United States Supreme Court. The United States was represented by A. C. Campbell of Washington, as assist ant attorney general; the state of Col orado by C. D. Hayt of Denver and C. C. Dawson of Canon City, and the state of Kansas by S. S. Ashbaugh, with John R. Doyle of Denver, official sten ographer. Among the witnesses examined were Governor Otero, President Luther Foster of the College of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts at Las Cruces, M. W. Mills of Colfax county, W. S. Hopewell, general manager of the Al buquerque Eastern railway, R. E. Twitchell of Las Vegas, T. B. Catron of this city and Solomon Luna of LoS Lunas. The testimony Introduced by these witnesses went to show the Im portance of irrigation in the arid re gions and how land would be en hanced by the construction of irriga tion systems and storage reservoirs under the reclamation act. The great benefit to agriculture and horticulture due to irrigation was "tes tified to by the witnesses and it was proved that from 3,000,000 to 15,000, 000 acres of land could be irrigated in New Mexico by the proper storage and use of the waters from the streams in the territory. Irrigation in New Mexico. A Santa Fe dispatch of February 1st says: At the hearing before Commis sioner G. A. Richardson in the aKnsas Colorado water case testimony was given to-day by R. E. Twitch, T. B. Cat ron and Solomon Luna. Their testi mony was in regard, to ancient meth ods of irrigation in New Mexico and how irrigation benefits the arid land. Mr. aCtron estimated that under the reclamation act at least 15,000,000 acres in this territory could be made productive, although only 250,000 acres are cultivated now. The commission completed its sitting here this evening and will proceed to Roswell for a cou ple of days. From there Commisisoner Richardson and the attorneys in the case will go to Little Rock and Fort Smith, Arkansas. How the Navajos Farm. Mr. Pre witt of Aztec, San Juan county, in an interview published in the Satna Fe New Mexican, says: "The Navajo Indians, whose reser vation covers the entire western part of the county, have lately made won derful progress in agricultural pur suits under the guidance of W. T. Sheldon, the agent for the north half of the Navajo reservation, and for merly of Santa Fe. "Up to the present year the agricul ture of the Navajos have been confined to small patches, easily irrigated along the streams, but in 1904. the matter was taken hold of systematically, the government having previously assisted the Navajos in constructing small ditches along the lower lands of the San Juan valley, and the results were more than could have been expected by the most sanguine. One Indian, be sides supplying his own needs, sold 15,000 pounds of his wheat, and a care ful estimate showed that the Navajos along the San Juan river had raised some 250,000 pounds of grain, besides other crops such as alfalfa, beans, po tatoes, and á variety of other vege tables. "The wonderfull progress these In dians have made in agriculture should entitle them fto a great deal of consid eration from the government. I should say that from fifty to a hundred thou sand acres of land along the San Juan valley, within the boundaries of the Navajo reservation, could be Irrigated from the San Juan river at a very rea sonable cost. If the government would take this matter up and furnish suffi cient money to take' out ditches to cover this land, it could at once begin to put the Navajo Indians on a self sustaining basis. "First, the building of these ditches would furnish employment to the In dians, and to this class of work they are well adapted. Then, after the ditches were completed, enough land would be brought under irrigation to furnish practically every Indian on the reservation (of which there are some twenty thousand) with a home, on which he could become an Independ ent farmer. And, as Commissioner Leupp is more or less familiar with the condition of the Navajos. I am in hopes he will take the matter up, and vigorously push it to completion." Reservoir for Las Vegas Grant. A Las Vegas dispatch of January 29th says: Las Vegas believes it is certain to secure a government reser voir. So satisfactory have been the assurances from the engineers as to the report that will be made upon the proposition that has been under con sideration here for months, that a committee of citizens is now dispos ing of the 10,000. acres of land to be brought under irrigation.- In less than one day's work 4,000 acres were taken up by residents and contract forms are being sent outside. The commissioners of the Las Vegas grant will cede the land back to the government, and each taker of the land obligates himself to pay ?5.70 an acre for the land for ten years, at the expir ation of which time the permanent water rights and the deed to the land go to the settler. The land is deep and. rich and the water would be sufficient to irrigate 25,000 acres. However, the amount available will not amount to much, more than 10,000 acres. The small amount of land for a time made the recommendation of the project doubt ful, but now that it is certain that every acre will be subscribed for in advance, and the government assured of the repayment of the money, it is felt that there will be no danger of the failure of the project. In every respect, the statistics asked for by the department regarding the home markets, the kind of crops that can be raised, and the yield per acre, have been more than assuring. Territorial Ranger Bill. A Las Vegas dispatch says: The officers of the cattle sanitary board are taking the greatest interest in the fate of the ranger bill that has been prepared for introduction in the legis lature. The general feeling of the cattlemen in this section is that the measure hasj no chance of passing, as it seems to be regarded by many as serving a special interest. Therefore, it is argued, the territory should not be put to the expense of paying for the ranges. Secretary Barnes of the Territorial Cattle Growers' association, suggests a compromise measure, in case the bill fails, that doubtless will go through. It is that the cattlemen of the terri tory pay an additional mill taxes, and that this amount go to the payment of the salaries of seven or eight rangers to be under the supervision of the cat tle sanitary -board and the Cattle Growers' association. Governor Otero has signed the bill changing the county seat of Torrance county froni Progreso to Estancia and increasing the area of the county, and a bill providing for the salaries of the judge and the district clerk of the Sixth judicial district. .