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The Spanish American. [volume] (Roy, Mora Co., N.M.) 19??-19??, December 01, 1906, Image 2

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The Spanish American
Isjued on Saturday of each Week.
Published by Mora County Publishing
Company.
SUUSCRIPTION PRICEl
One Year $2.00
Six Months 1.00
Single Cop" OB
Entered at Roy, N. M., postofflce for
transmission through the malls as second-class
matter.
CARING FOR PETS.
PROPER TREATMENT IN HEALTH
AND IN SICKNESS.
Characteristics of the Popular Pugs
Hand-Reared Kittens Salt Bathr
for Sick Goldfish Birds'
Need of Sunlight.
Pugs are very affectionate and good
tempered dogs; their great fault is
greediness, and this is all the more-
serious as they are naturally inclined
to be fat, and want less food than
most dogs of their size, and more ex
ercise. When a kitten has to be reared by
hand the best thing to do is to bring
it up on the bottle; a miniature feed
ing bottle such as is sold in toy shops
will answer the purpose admirably.
The method is much superior to spoon
feeding, as the latter involves much
handling, and kittens should be han
dled as little as possible until they
are six weeks old.
The most common and fatal of the
diseases which attack goldfish is a
fungus growth which first appears as
a tiny white speck on the tail, fins,
head or body of the fish, and which
spreads with great rapidity unless
it is treated at once. The sick fish
should be placed in water containing
a strong solution of salt. It should
then be taken out and wiped with a
soft cloth so as to remove as much of
the growth as possible, after which
it should be given a second salt-water
bath. This seems to enable the
fish to throw off the disease sooner
than anything.
If your canaries have laid eggs out
of season it is safer not to allow
;them to be hatched, but to take them
Jiway and either destroy them or blow
them and put them on a string. The
peason of this is that the moulting
season may be at hand, and it is too
peat a strain on your birds' consti
tutions to bring up another family.
Plenty of sunlight greatly beautifies
a bird's plumage. If it is daily placed
where the sun's rays can fall upon it,
the feathers will become far brighter
and more richly hued than if it is
always kept in the shade. Take the
firecaution, however, to cover a por
ion of the cage so that the bird can
Retire out of the glare of the sun
when it chooses.
Retrievers learn to fetch and carry
more quickly than other dogs, and
may be made very useful in bringing
one's slippers and other small arti
cles, and in carrying things in the
street.
Meringue for Lemon Pie.
Allow twice as many level table
spoonfuls of sugar as there are whites
of eggs, and as many whites of eggs as
are conveniently at hand . Two whites
will do, but three are better, and four
will be required, if the last of the
meringue mixture be put on with pas
try bag and tube. Beat the whites
until dry, then gradually beat in half
the sugar. Continue beating until the
mixture is very glossy and firm, then
"cut and fold" into it the last half of
the sugar.. Let the pie cool a little
before the meringue is spread over it.
Set the pie in a moderate oven, to
cook the meringue. After ten min
utes longer if the meringue is very
high, increase the heat, if necessary,
to color the meringue slightly.
Chicken in Jelly.
Prepare a chicken as for boiling.
Place it in á saucepan with sufficient
water to cover it "cold," add a sprig of
thyme and a thick slice of lemon, and
salt to taste.
Cook gently till tender. Meanwhile,
soak half an ounce of gelatine in suffi
cient water to cover it. When the
chicken is done add the gelatine to
the liquor in which the chicken was
boiled, and reduce. Skin the chicken
when cool, and cut it up into neat
Joints.
Place in a round basin, or shape, if
preferred, and when the liquor is re
duced enough strain over chicken and
leave till set.
Useful Cement.
An efficient cement for -mending
china can be made at home with very
little trouble. A paste is made of
powdered quicklime, the white of an
egg, and the whey of milk and vinegar
In equal parts, and the mixture must
be beaten well and warmed, not heat
Bd. The broken edges of the china
must also be exposed to heat before
the cement is applied. A very thin
coating is sufficient, and the Joint
should be held firmly in place yitll
the cement has dried, when It will
jrove a most durable solution.
NEW MEXICO
, Sheep Board Defended.
The following communication from
Louis A. McRae of Magdalena, who
takes issue with the writer of an
article appearing in a recent number
of the American Sheep Herder. It is
reproduced as being of general inter
est in the territory. The letter fol
lows: "Aditor American Sheep Herder In
your issue of September 15, 190G, an
article from New Mexico signed
'Ranger' appears containing some
misstatements bordering so near on to
falsehoods that I think it necessary to
contradict them.
"The statement is made that the
Sheep Sanitary Board refused to co
operate with the Bureau of Animal
Industry officials. This is false, as
the Sheep Sanitary Board and the
Bureau of Animal Industry are work
ing in perfect harmony and to the
good of the sheepmen of New Mexico
as any representative sheep man will
acknowledge. I doubt if any Bureau
of Animal Industry official ever
claimed that 'there is too much politics
in the Sheep Sanitary Board,' for If
there is any territorial board in New
Mexico clear of politics, it is the
Sheep Sanitary Board, and Investiga
tion will bear this out.
"Your Ranger correspondent can
find out how much money is received
by the Sheep Sanitary Board and how
it Is expended, if he will go to the
proper place to get the information
Vhe honor of the men comprising the
Sheep Sanitary Board is so well known
that this hearsay talk that, when they
have a surplus of money on hand, they
vote to increase their own salaries is
rot, and furthermore no salaries are
paid to the members of the Sheep San
itary Board.
"For the benefit of your readers, I
would state that the county from
which 'Ranger' hails is one of three
counties in our territory which con
tain a few isolated herds of sheep,
these counties being heavily stocRed
with cattle, and he is not posted
as to the condition of sheep In the
heavily-stocked regions.
"At the sheep growers' convention
held In Albuquerque recently, a vote
of thanks was given to the members
of the Sheep Sanitary Board and the
Bureau of Animal Industry for their
hard and painstaking work in eradi
cating scab in New Mexico.
"LOUIS A. McRAE,
"Magdalena, New Mexico."
Dead Man Not Identified.
An Albuquerque dispatch of Novem
ber 22d says: Undertaker Borders is
still holding the body of a man sup
posed to be Charles T. Caldwell, who
was found dead alongside the Santa Fe
track at Algodones Siding two weeks
ago to-day, in the hope of discovering
some relative of friend who knows
him. The star which he wore and let
ters found on his person indicated that
he was in the United States secret ser
vice, but no one has been located
who knew him.
W. E. Bacon of Chama, this terri
tory, writes that he knew a stranger
calling himself C. A. Caldwell at
Chama a few months ago who claimed
to be connected with the secret service
of the government, but that his right
name might have been some other
than Caldwell. This stranger, says
Bacon, stated that he had a sister liv
ing in Denver, but did not give her ad
dress. He also claimed to have been
on quarantine duty at Los Angeles, un
der George Miles, inspector. All his
letters point to the fact that his name
was Charles A. Caldwell, but all tele
grams sent to addresses have brought
no favorable response as to clearly es
tablish the fad; that he was known
anywhere or positively to any person.
The remains represent a man of me
dium height with short curly brown
hair, brown moustache, high forehead
and muscular build. On his left arm
is an old tattoo mark and on right, arm
is a tattooed figure of a dancing girl
and the Initials, "C. A. C." '
Perished In the Storm.
A Roswell dispatch of November
22d says: Edgar Lamar, a sheepman,
was found frozen to death on the plains
esterday near Carlsbad. It is be
lieved that many sheep herders have
perished.
A party of leading citizens of Carls
bad went to the Guadalupe mountains
to hunt big game, and it is thought all
have perished. They were not prepared
for storm, which is unusual at this
time of year, even in the mountains.
Judge A. A. Freeman, formerly of the
federal bench and dean of the terri
torial bar, was a member of the party.
The body of Antonio Santiago, á
cowboy, was iound to-day in the Guad
alupe mountains. A cowboy on the
Green ranch, near Carlsbad, has been
missing since Monday night.
Onvernnr .Tose Romero, with his war
rnntain and ex-eovernor of the Jamez
pueblo, who. stopped at Santa Fe on
their way to Washington to air tneir
grievances before President Roosevelt,
harm met. with another delay in the
shap of an order from the commis
sioner of Indian affairs, prohibiting
them irom leaving the territory with
nnt. un Ititernreter who knows English
as well as Spanish and Indian. A
courier was dispatched to Jamez, to
get" an interpreter, and $150 more to
pay expenses to the national capital.
NEWS SUMMARY
Jose Baca Likes the Pen.
- i'WelI, this old place looks familiar
to me, but I don't expect to stay long.
The governor will pardon me."
This, says the New Mexican, was the
greeting of Jose S. Baca, landed at the
Territorial Penitentiary Sunday for the
fifth time, and who has been an In
habitant of the place almost contlnu
ously since 1890, as he faced Capt. Ar
tnur Trelford, superintendent.
"Shut up," said the superintendent
curtly. "Place him in stripes and put
him to work; he looks like he needs
it," was the order he next gave the
guard. To-day Jose Baca, professional
cattle thief, is earning his living. Baca
wag recently arrested by Mounted Po
liceman Rafael Gomez after a long
chase in the mountains of McKlnley
county. He escaped from the county
Jail in Albuquerque, while awaiting
trial on a charge of cattle rustling and
lias been a fugitive from Justice for a
year. Judgo Ira A. Abbott last week
sentenced him to the limit for his of
fense, amounting to five years.
The night before election, Novem
bei 6th, Baca forced apart two bars
leading from his cell. In trying to
squeeze through to liberty he became
wedged tightly. A guard found him in
that predicament and tried to extricate
him. Baca fought desperately, al
tl-ough escape was hopeless, since he
could not even get from between the
bars back Into his cell. It finally took
two men to pry apart the bars and get
the cursing prisoner into his cell.
He took his incarceration at the pen
itentiary coolly Sunday. When or
dered to strip and don stripes he face
tiously remarked, as he surveyed his.
own apparel :
"Sure, I needed a new suit, any
way."
The following record, which was fur
nished by Superintendent Trelford,
shows that Baca has been behind the
bare or a fugitive from Justice almost
continuously for sixteen years. His
pet offense is horse and cattle stealing.
He first came to the penitentiary
from Bernalillo county, under the name
of Sustino Baca, June 18, 1890. He was
under sentence of one year for horse
stealing. He was released on Decern
ber 8th of the same year on a cornmu
tation or sentence by Governor L.
Bradford Prince. During that term
r.e was known as convict No. 382.
As Jose Baca he again appeared at
the penitentiary as convict No. 444,
under sentence of one year and two
days for larceny in Bernalillo countv.
He was released at the expiration of
nis sentence March 2, 1892.
Jose Sustino Baca, convict No. 538,
was the name he gave when for the
third time he was incarcerated on
April 26, 1892. During the part of a
month that Lad elaosed. since his re
lease, he had been arrested, tried and
convicted on two charges In Bernalillo
county. The first was burglary, for
wnicn ne received three years. The
second was larceny, for which he re
ceived one year. He was released after
serving both sentences on January
6, 1896. During his confinement he
lost seven months good time allowance
for bad behavior.
Jose S. Baca, prisoner No. 1520. was
his title on the prison books, when he
again applied for admission to the ter
ritory's big hotel on April 3, 1902. This
time he had been convicted of man
slaughter in Bernalillo county and was
under sentence of four years. With
good time allowance he secured his re
lease June 3, 1905. Nothing prevent
ing, he will again be eligible for sen
tence before 1911.
Captain Trelford said he would not
allow the man a single privilege be
cause of his bad record.
Joseph R. Llvesay has been ap
pointed postmaster at Earlham. Dona
Ana county.
A Durango, Colorado, dispatch of No
vember 20th, says: The Farmington
Oil & Gas Company,, which started
drilling ten days ago for oil, struck a
strong flow of gas to-day at 350 feet.
The town is greatly excited about it
and real estate has begun to soar in
price. This is a company Just organ
ized and composed entirely of Farm
ington men. The capital stock is $100.-
000.
On the night of November 1st Jose
Marcl and Christian Croix, Pima In
dian youths from Arizona, attending
St. Catharine's school at Santa Fe, se
cured whisky and attacked the home
of Frank M. Jones, near town. Mrs.
Jones, who was alone, put them to
flight. Captain Fornoff and Lieutenant
Collier of the mounted police captured
one of the boys. The other escaped to
the school.
J. C. Fitzpatrick, aged seventy-six
years, died Just as he was entering the
hospital at Pueblo. He had lived near
Pueblo for several years, but little was
known about him. From his effects it
was learned that previous to the Civil
War he was a steamboat captain, that
his boat had been confiscated by the
Union army, and that he then became
a member of the staff of Gen. Robert E.
Lee. Fitzpatrick was supposed to
have wealthy relatives in Philadelphia
and Fayettevllle, Ohio.
For the first time in several years
nearly every developed coal mine in
and about Gallup is being worked at
present. Over 100 cars of coal are be
ing shipped out of Gallup dally. In the
Gibson and Heaton mines 600 men are
employed. The Otero and Clarkville
mines are employing a force of men
and several hundred more miners
would be given employment if they
could be had. The Santa Fe railway is
nuliding several miles or sidings and
spurs to accommodate the increasing
output of coal.
VAN WYKS CONVICTED.
Found Guilty of Murdering Mrs. Van
Wyk's Sister.
Denver. A dispatch from Wray,
Colorado, November 23rd, says: After
deliberating for nearly twenty-four
hours, the Jury in the case of Gerrit
Van Wyk and his wife, Wourtheje Van
Wyk, this morning at 10:30 brought in
its verdict finding the two defendants
guilty of the, murder of Gerretje
Haast. The verdict read:
"Guilty as to both, with penalty of
life imprisonment." Thus ends the
murder trial that has held the atten
tion of the people of the state for sev
eral days.
For the first time since the begin
ning of this remarkable trial the two
defendants showed more than a pass
ing interest in the proceedings in the
court room. Mrs. Van Wyk collopsed
when she Beard the reading of the ver
dict and creid out continually that she
was Innocent of the killing of her sis
ter, Miss Haast.
"I did not do it," she cried, "and I
do not know who did it. What will
happen to my children and baby?" Van
Wyk himself did not give vent to any
spoken expression, but the lines of his
face were drawn and he was pale. As
the jury left the court room, Van Wyk
turned to one of them, Claude Terb
bett, and said:
"Shame, and you pretend to be an
honest man."
Isaac Pelton, attorney for the de
fense, as soon as the verdict was an
nounced, asked for an arrest of sen
tence and time in which to file a mo-J
tion for a new trial. He was given fif
teen days In which to prepare his mo
tion. -
The Van Wyks were charged with
the murder of Gerretje Haast, the sis
ter of Mrs. Van Wyk, December 27th
last. The dead body of the young
woman was found in her lonely cabin
on the plains, and the Van Wyks were
arrested and charged with the crime.
The testimony showed, among othei
things, that the Van Wyks held an in
surance policy on the life of the Haast
girl for $8,000. This, the prosecution
said, furnished the motive for the
crime.
GRANGE ACTION.
Important Resolutions Adopted by the
Patrons of Husbandry.
Denver. Just before adjourning Fri
day the National Grange passed the
two most important resolutions thai
that body has had before it since Its
commencement. Both are national
questions of great importance, one be
ing in favor of a national women's suf
frage law, allowing women of all states
to enjoy the privileges now enjoyed by
Colorado and two other states, and the
other favoring a revision of the tarifl
laws.
It was decided to establish a weekly
National Grange paper, and it will be
publibhed next year.
The report of the forestry proposi
tlon was adopted and recommended
that both logs and lumber be placed
upon the list of free imports, as it was
said that large lumbermen have cor
nered the American market, forced up
prices and are destroying the native
forests.
The grange has also adopted a reso
lution favoring the Inheritance tax law.
A resolution introduced by J. A. New
comb of Colorado, favoring the passage
of a national pure food law, was also
passed. It was voted that a change In
the laws of the grange whereby states
should have a vote, was unwise and the
proposition was lost.
The most important measures
adopted by the grange during its ses
sion were: A $10,000 appropriation foi
lecturing purposes; a fraternal life In
surance system; making the condition
of the rural mail carrier equal to that
of the city carrier: restriction ol
amount of land that may be held by
one individual; by taxation, the plac
ing of a progressive tax upon swollen
fortunes; governmental control of the
use oí fortunes as a vehicle of inter
state commerce in accordance with
President Roosevelt's Harrlsburg
speech; the abolishment of the frank
ing and special privilege system.
Peary Expedition Returns.
Sydney, C. B. Flying the flag of
the United States, which had been
placed nearer the pole than any other
national standard, and weather-beaten
and disabled, the Peary Arctic steamer
Roosevelt arrived here Saturday under
sail and steam after sixteen months'
vain effort to reach the pole. Though
not entirely successful, the expedition
nevertheless got ' to eighty-seven de
grees six minutes north latitude, or
within 203 miles of the pole. Com
mander Peary came ashore almost im
mediately after the steamer came to
anchor, and joined Mrs. Peary, who
has been here for two weeks waiting
for her husband's return.
Earthquakes in New Guinea.
Victoria, British Columbia. Alarm
ing earthquake shocks in German New
Guinea, the Bismarck archipelago, fol
lowed by tidal waves, causing much
loss of life among the natimes, are re
ported by the steamer Miowera, from
the South seas. Captain Prejawa of
the German steamer Star reported that
near Finchafen his steamer rolled and
vibrated considerably, due to seismic
disturbances. The effect was plain
ashore, fissures belong visible in the
mountains. A tidal wave swept the
low-lying coast, devastating the coun
try for forty miles. A tidal wave
wrought great havoc on Chiarsi island.
MAIL QUESTIONS
GRANGERS WANT CHEAP PAPER
POSTAGE AND PARCELS POST.
TWO COMMITTEES REPORT
Next Convention Goes to Hartford,
Conn. Strongly Indorse Good Roads
Movement Want Automatic
Bells at Railroad
Crossings.
Denver. At the session of tha Na
tional Grange Wednesday the following
n solution, introduced by W. F. Hill ct
Pennsylvania, was adopted:
"Whereas, The Postmaster General
has recommended an increase in the
Becond-class mail matter rate from one
cent per pound to four or five cents
per pound, thus increasing the cost of
newspapers and all publications of the
fiecond-class, and,
"Whereas, Under an act of Congress,
approved June 2, 1906, a special joint
commission of Congress, consisting of
three Senators and three members ot
the House of Representatives, was ap
pointed 'to investigate, consider and re
port by bill or otherwise to Congress
its findings and recommendations re
garding the second-class of mail mat
ter,' and,
"Whereas, Said commission is to
hold its final session before submitting
Its report to Congress in the city of
Washington, D. C, November 26th,
1906;
"Resolved, That the legislative com
mittee be, and the same hereby is, In
structed to advise said commission at
said hearing that the Grange is op
posed to the increase in the second
class mail rate."
On special order of business Hart
ford, Conn., was selected by the dele
gates as the location for the next con
vention of the National Grange.
Oliver Wilson of Illinois, chairman of
the good roads committee, submitted a
strong report, In which he pointed out
most convincingly the curse which bad
roads are to the United States. He esti
mated that the people of this country
lose $500,000,000 a year on account ol
the execrable condition of the roads
over which the agricultural products ol
the country have to be hauled in order
to reach the markets.
The following resolution was passed:
"Resolved, That the National Grange
demands the improvement of our Dublic
highways by the employment of such
methods and materials as may be
found to be best adapted to the vari
ous local conditions.
"Resolved, That we favor a generous
appropriation by the federal govern
ment for this purpose."
A resolution was passed asking that
railroad companies be required to
establish automatic bells and keep
them in repair at all crossings in rural
districts, and that important rosslngs
be guarded by flagmen or gates.
C. B. Kegley, chairman of the spe
cial committee on parcels post, sub
mitted the following report, which was
at once adopted:
"Your committee on parcels post, of
which i have the honor to be chairman,
respectfully submits that all the recom
mendations made by the worthy mas
ter in his address regarding parcels
post, should receive your unqualified
indorsement. It is the unanimous opin
ion of the committee that a campaign
vigorously prosecuted along the lines
of these recommendations is the only
plan we can recommend as giving any
prospect for the early establishment of
a parcels post.
"We cannot too strongly emphasize
the importance of not underestimating
the power of the opposition. The great
express companies will furnish a large
campaign fund and with their highly
organized systems of agencies reaching
into every village in the country hav
ing railroad connection, and with their
paid representatives in the United
States Senate and House of Represen
tatives, are in themselves an enemy
which will require constant and deter
mined effort to overcome. They will
have the support of the railroads, thus
making of our monopolistic enemies
alone a tremendous opposition.
"Unfortunately this is not all the
opposition we will have to meet. Tha
National Association of Retail Drug
gists have organized a vigorous cam
paign of opposition, and during the last
political campaign systematically pur
sued the policy of questioning candi
dates for Congress, with the intent of
securing pledges to vote against all
parcels post legislation, if elected. The
National Association of Retail Hard
ware Dealers are conducting a similar
campaign and were equally active in
securing pledges from congressional
candidates. Other commercial bodies
are aggressively active in the same
way. Rural merchants in all sections
of the country, and the wholesale mer
chants, and the commercial travelers
doing business with them, are strong
in their opposition.
"How mistaken this opposition on
the part of the retail merchant is has
been well shown by the worthy master.
"To an opposition thus powerful,
supported by an unlimited campaign
fund and having Its forces co-ordinated
and directed by the ablest lawyers and
experts that money can secure, we
must offer the solid front of the farm
ers of the entire country, supported by
every other friend of postal reform.
We must match expert with expert and
our advisers and counsel must be sec
ond in ability to none that the enemy
can secure. The policy that was so
successful in the denatured alcohol
campaign must be our policy In this
campaign for parcels post
we Deileve that to attemDt tn win
on any less broad lines would be folly
but we are strong in the belief that we
can win a glorious success if such a
Plan is adopted."

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