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TERRITORIAL. VV. II. Andrews. . .Delegate In Congress George Curry. .Governor of New Mexico J. W. Reynolds .....Secretary We J. Mills Chief Justice S. B. Davis District Atty Secundino Romero. District Court Clerk . . COUNTY, v . .... , V Malnqiilas Martinez Councilman 13. H. Blernbnum Representative E. E. Studley . .Representative Jose Vivian Frezquiez. . .Probate Judge Juan Navarro Probate Cleric Juan B. Martinez ; Sheriff Chas. V. Strong. Treasurer and Collector Albino Martinez , Assessor Ricardo Martinez Superintendent of Schools Alex S. Bushkevltz Surveyor Juan de Mata Mares 1 Board of llamado Tafoya r County Geo. , V. Santistevan J Commissioners . PRECINCT. v . . Gund Garcia .Justice of the Peace Wm. A. Brumage Deputy Sheriff UOARD OP EDUCATION. Alex S. Bushkevitz Chairman Herman Goodman .7. .Clerk Lucas Vigil Member WEALTH. The assessment of 1907 gives the tax able wealth of Mora county as J1.175, 823, an increase of $9,145 over the pre vious year. The census of 1906 gives the . vulue, of agricultural wealth of the county ns $2,581,000, but the real wealth of the county undoubtedly ap proximates $6,000,000. During the past hscal year 100.000 acres were settled upon by homesteaders, under the Fed erul and land laws. " .,'',' Mora is one of the few counties In the Territory where the area appropri ated exceeds the urea o public lands. The area still subject to entry unaer the Federal land laws Is 760,000 acres, while that appropriated is 830,000 acres. The agricultural lands of Mora county are valued on the assessor's books at $225,000 und the grazing lands at $341, 000 but the census of 1900 shows that they are worth at least six times as much, CLIMATE. Like the rest of New Mexico, Mora county enjoys a peerless climate that is a specific for lung and throat trou bles. Its high altitude, the purity of its atmosphere, the grandeur of its scenery, its pines, Bpruoe, cedar, and plnon forests make it an Ideeal sec tion for homes and a health-seekers paradise. The annual rainfall is slight und occurs mostly In the summer - months.. There are no extremes in tem perature either in summer or winter, the winters being mild and sunshiny and. the .summers cool, and even cold 'at night in the mountainous sections. There Is good fishing and hunting in the country;-roads are good and ac commodations for tourists and health seekers are plain but substantial and comfortable. RAILROADS. Mora coufTty is crossed from north to south by the great Santa Fe Railway. The mileage is little over 40 miles. A railroad from Las Vegas to Mora has been surveyed, and an extension from Mora to Taos is contemplated. Mora county needs more railroads for its de velopment and would give heavy ton nage to such. The building of railroads would also lead to the establishment oi many industries, for which the raw materials can be furnished by the county, for which the fuel and wator power are there, and home markets could easily be found. TIMBER. Many parts, especially In the moun Pallia, are heavily timbered districts, Steps are being taken to protect some I or the timDer sections, eapi-iuiij u Pecos Forest. Reserve. This does not prohibit the cutting of timber, but merely regulates It. Seven million feet or lumber are annually shipped out of Lhe county. From 25 to 50 wagon load of ties and telegraph poles ae daily taken to the railroad. !:;:' . MINING. .'. Mora is not a mining county, but ' there are Indications in plenty of min eral wealth to that of any section of the Rocky mountains Many prospects have been located and some of them show considerable developmtnt. The indications of copper are especially promising. '"Extensive. work Is be ng " done in thé Rociada and Coyote mining districts, as- well as in the northern part of the Pecos river forest reserve. . Jl'heJtoclada XJold.and Copper Company Is down 200 feet, and has a to 8 foot vein of copper, assaying from 10 to 20 per cent, in addition to the gold, silver. and lead. There are many oiner buuu prospects in the name vicinity, some having ore running as high ns thirty five per cent, in copper. The Santa Barbara King' mine, near Mora, has hnd assays of from $60 to $70 per ton. There Is a small smelter at Rociada. El Oro gravel was formerly worked with the pan, each pan yielding as much as a turkey quill filled with gold dust. In the Coyote mining district several hun dred thousand dollars have been ex pended, but litigation has caused op :.... i0 tn lne- Sneclmens of. ore have been picked up that assayed $3,, 260 in gold to tne ton, aim meio m tradition of a "lost mine" that at one time yielded fabulous sums. This mine is supposed to be located the Mora grant, and much money has been ex ZZVÁI'á tn rprtlscover it. It Is natural to suppose that with mountain forma tion similar to that of the richest min eral districts in the world, and rich float being picked up In every part of . the county, as well as mineral veins ap parent on the surface in many local ities, that Mora county has a irat ni 'ture as a mineral producer. Although Mora has no coal mines, the coal Indi cations are such that many thousands of ton could be produced annually with but little' labor and investment of capital. Clay for brick-making, red and white sundstone, and limestone ex ist In large quantities and of commer cial quality. Near Wagon Mount do posits of alum are reported. THE STOCK INDUSTRY. ' According to this year's assessment the county has about 15,000 cattle, 76, 19 sheep, and 3,000 gouts. As a mat ter or fact these figures should be mul tiplied ut least by two. The wool pro duced in the county amounts to about 750,000 pounds annually, and the cattle shipped out annually total almost ns many as the assessment' credits . the, uuuuiy wiin. ii nus an loeai range ana the raising and fattening of beef cattle is one of the principal Industries around Wagon Mound, Watrous, and other settlements. The eastern portion Is .devoted entirely to stock raising The mesas support numerous flocks of sheep and herds of cattle. This im mense stock range is well watered and has good shelter in its breaks and canons. The grass is very nutritious, being black gramma and blue joint, ar.d In most years is cut for hay, yielding as high as two tons to the acre. For tunes have been made In Mora county by stock raising, and the man who pos sesses capital, some experience and business ability can Invest money to no better purpose than hi this In dustry. AGRICULTURE. The county leads In agriculture. To gether with Taos county it was the granary of the southwest for many years, and before the advent of the railroads caravans came from fur and near to secure wheat and other agri cultural products. Even today "from 25 to 50 wagons, loaded with agricul tural products, are cn the road daily from the. Mora valley to Las Vegas or to Wagon. Mound. Five acres produce 13,665 pounds of oats, or 85 bushels to the acre. - Potatoes yield from 3 to 5 tons per acre, Mora county being one of the few parts of the southwest where potatoes are raised successfully. Irrigation Is not needed to raise crops The principal crops are wheat, oats, alfalfa, corn, barley, rye, potatoes, and vegetables. Horticulture Is a very suc cessful pursuit, and the fruit raised here will stand comparison with that raised anywhere in the United States. Its flavor is unsurpassed and In size and (?olor It has no equal. From the Mora and . adjoining valleys 15.000 pounds of oats are shipped annually and about 2.000,000 pounds of corn. Enough wlieat Is raised to supply and keep busy the year around one modern roller mill and six water-power grist mills. , The hómeseeeker can purchase land already under cultivation at from $10 to $40 per acre. Mora county produces sugar beets-very rich In saccharine mutter and yielding a heavy crop to the- acre. , The extraordinary -purity of these beets and their high per cent of sugar have created a demand tor them, and quantities have been shipped to the Colorado beet-Sugar factories as an experiment; but, owing to the cost of freight and the difficulty of taking the beets to the railroad, sugar-beet raising is not as profitable as it would be If a sugar factory or two were lo cated nearer to the beet field. Labor is cheap, water' power abundant, uml fuel easily.' secured, factors which would, contribute much to the success of beet-sugar factories. The following are the principal agrl cultural valleys: The Mora and Agua Negra valley, nearly all under cultiva tion. Is twenty-two miles long. In Ub narrowest place -It is 400 yards wide for the length of about 12 miles; the other 10 .miles are from 2 to 3 miles wide. The Cebolla vallev is 10 milis long and from l to Ste miles wide, The Guadalupita, vauey is a mnes long and 3 miles wide along the Guadalu- pita, and then runs 10 miles to Lucero, nveraeinir nbout'a quarter of a mile in width. The Llanovdel Coyote valley is about 3 m les long and 1 miie wide. The La Cueva valley,' not Including the 100.000 acres or tne La uueva ttuuen Company, has an area of about 14,000 acres, Tne uoionarina vauey nas an area of 5.000 acres, i The Cherry and WntrnnH vnllevs nrnrluca alfalfa nrln cipally,, although 30,000 pounds of grain is raised annually, being usoa mostly In fattening cattle, there being about 20.000 head of cattle in tnese two vai levs. Besides these valleys, which all have irrigation systems, there are the Lower Cebo a. Buena vista, jarmon Gascon, and other small valleys that are very productive.- rf".:- ''..-, t ' ' ' HISTORY. Mora (s 'the "Spanish word for rasp berry, the first settlers naming tho section thus on account of the abund anco' of wild raspberries. Up to 1830 the county was the hunting ground of Indian tribes who held undisputed sway. In 1832 the first attempt was made by white men to1 settle on the present site of Mora, but the settlers were driven oft by the Indians and a number of them were slain. However, other attempts were made, nnd in 1840 the settler made a brave stand against the Indians and from that day the white men held the upper hand. The Mora valley was at that time a dense forest and nrreat hardship was endured In' clearl"" 'fhe lands and building homes, .ii a white man would be killed at his own 'door by marauding Indians, and It was not uncommon for women nnd children to be carried into captivity... The Mexican government furnished no protection, and the set tiers had but rude weapons with winch to repel the attacks of the savage hordes. The government, howeveT, gave a large grant of land to seventy six of these sturdy men. In 1847, dur Ing the war with Mexico, these people were intensely-loyai to Mexico. iev comers from .the States about this time were massacred, and the Ameri can troops, who appeared soon after warns, as a punisnment, lain me town of Mora in ashes. After the annexa tion these people were as loyal to the United States as tuey hnd been to Mexico, and muny of them fought In the Federal ranks during the Civil War. In 1800 the county of Mora was created out of part of the county of Taos. It had seven precincts then, one of the precincts, No. 4, Rayado, later being erected Into the counties of Col fax and Union. Being off the line of ailroud in greater Dart, manv nriinl- tlve ways still prevail side by side with advanced civilization, iiddlnir not a little to the picturesqueness and charms of the section. SETTLEMENTS. Wagon Mound and Mora urn the nrln- clpal towns in Mora county and are treaieu unner tne bead of "Cities and towns of New Mexico." Watrous. on the San Micuel cnimtv line, is next in Importance as a ship ping point, being the second larerest settlement on the Santa Fe railway In me county. Aiiaita and fruit are raised to a large extent around Wa trous. There are two large store, a blacksmith shop, two churches, and a sehoolliouse. One and a half miles from Watrous the Sahta Fe railway is operating a stone quarry which at times employs from 300 to 400 men, supplying ballast for the railway track. Two train loads of stone are shipped dally. Population, 350. Cleveland, better known as San An tonio, lies throe miles west of Mora, In the Mora valley. Two stores, a saw mill, and postoflice. are here. Popula tion, 001). Akrua Neera is four mlleq went nf Mora, also in the Mora valley. It has postoflice. one store, a Protestant church, a mission school, and a saw mill. At tnis point the main road to Mora starts. Population, 600. Rito de - la Agua Negra is fifteen miles west of Mora and Is the center of the best oats and potato producing valley In the county. It has two stores. a Protestant church, a Catholic church, anu rrotestant mission school. Popu lation, 600. Cebolla lies In a rich valley divided from the Mora valley by a mountain range. A large reservoir supplies irri gation water to the many fertile farms, wheat, hay, and oats being the princi pal products. Population, 400. La Cueva Is situated five miles east of Mora and .is supplied with water from tjie Mora river. It Í3 the head quurters of the La Cueva Ranch Com pany. A Catholic and a Protestant church and a Protestant mission school are maintained. " There are also two blacksmith shops at the place. population, 6UU. Golondrinas lies thirteen miles east Mora and fifteen miles west of Wa trous. The surrounding valley is wat ered by the Mora and the Cebolla. Farming and stock raising are the principal Industries. Alfalfa and other hay, all kinds of cereals, legumes, and fruits are the principal products. The settlement has one store and a post office. Population, 250. Cherry Valley is fifteen miles east of Watrous, and farming Is pursued here In accordance with the most mod ern methods. The valley is watered from the Mora river, ditches being taken out on both sides of the river and watering thousands of acres. Al falfa, corn, oats, and all kinds of fruits are raised. Vegetables attain an im mense size, v Hundreds.- of cattle, fat and sleek, roam on the adjoining mesas, while sheep graze peacefully by the thousands In this section. Popu lation, 150. Ocate Is twenty-five miles west of Wagon Mound, near the dividing line between Mora and Colfax counties. There are 1,200 settlers In this fertile valley. Ocate has five general stores, each carrying a stock that would' do credit to a city store. There are .two churches, four schoolhouses, and sev eral blacksmith shops. The town Is most beautllully situated, being sur rounded by high well-timbered moun tains. The Ocate Valley Is dotted with beautiful meadows, and about 6.000 tans of hay are harvested annually. The Oente Creek is the dividing line between the Mora grant and the public domain. Many thousands of cattle, sheep, and hordes can be seen grazing around Ocate, making a picture of fteace and plenty, The valley was set tled fjfty years ago, every foot of land being disputed with hostile Indians and today a certain part of the Vnlley Is known as Corral de los Apaches. The valley Is exceptionally well wat ered, the Ocate Creek being formed by several sparkling mountain streams tyhlch comes down picturesquo canons. Fort 'Hnion-i lie - eight " miles ' north of Watrous. It has a romantic history, The. cara vans: on the Santa Fe-trlrtl, In the early fifties nnd sixties often made it a haven of refuge. A stage carried the mall from nnd to Kansas City once every two .or three months, and later on monthly.. Í Freight wagons and th prairie schooners made the trip In six months, and some took a whole year to make a return trip. The place was to the traveler an oasis and a bulwark against the marauding Indians. The old fort is 8,700 feet above sea. level and situated lit-a valley . twenty-five miles long and 'five miles wide. The Turkey Mountains- lies to the east, while to the west rise the majestic slopes of the Rock mountains. The fort was abandoned in 1891. An extinct cra ter lies between it and Ocate, and for many miles around lava is piled up. Guadalupita is situated twelve miles north of Mora In a beautiful valley surrounded by high mountains. The valley round about is well watered by several small streams, the chief of which Is . the Coyote, which gets its flow from the Black Lakes. In Colfax county. There Is a sawmill, general store, a church, and a school in the settlement, which also has a postoflice. Hay, grain, potatoes nnd legumes are raised in large quantities, but the chief industry is stock raising. Many thou sand sheen graze In the hills, nnd on the mountnins browse many herds of cattle. Grnss comes very cjrly in the spring, anu uiererore cut v. o do excep tlonally well. The winters are mild The road to the Black Lakes. Cimarron, Elizabethtown, and Taos passes through Guadalupita, crossing tho Coyote twenty-three times in the can on. Many a fishing party finds its way to this canyon or to the Black Lakes, where trout fishing, us well as hunting, yields excellent sport. Popu lation. 250. Turquillo Is six miles north or Gua dalupita. There are two sawmills in the, valley, with an almost inexhaust ible supply of timber to draw on. Hay, grain, and the legumes are the prin cipal crops. Potatoes, however, are grown to nn Immense size. A riumbar of promisi,. mineral prospects are in the near-by mountains, but not devol oped to any extent. Population. 350. Coyote is seven miles northeast of Mora. It is In a narrow valley about a mile wide, with high mountains nnd bluffs on all sides. Stock raising and agriculture are the main industries. A general storo and a postoflice are found here. There are several fine orchards in the valley. A concentrator situated there is idle at present, although con siderable work is being done on the fine mineral prospects In the vicinity. Copper Is the principal ore, some of it assaying as high as 85 per cent., besides carrying gold, silver, and lead. Ponulatlon, 200. Llano del Coyote is two miles east of Coyote. Its resources are chiefly stock raising and farming. It has two stores, one church, a school, and a blacksmith shop. It is situated in an open valley, watered by the Coyote. Population, 300. MORA COUNTY'S FUTURE. Now Is the time to settle in Mora county. The building of branch rail roads into the county will greatly in crease lnnd values and will bring many opportunities tor tne establishment of new industries, the development of la tent resources, the building of new towns and the growth of the older settlements. With Its Ideal climate, its abundance of water. Its undeveloped resources. Mora county promises In tho near future to become one of the most lonsely populated and richest sections of the great Southwest." DIRECTORY CHURCHES. ' CATHOLIC CHURCH Rev. Father Ant Center, pastor. Services held monthly. Notices of date of service will be posted a week In advance. No Ify the pastor of sick calls. METHODIST EPISCOPAL. Rev. jrimmel. pastor. Services held in school house first Sunday 'in every month. Sunday school every Sunday at 10:00 a. m. CLUBS. ROY COMMERCIAL CLUB. Meet ings held on first and third' Tuesdavs every month In Club Hall. Officers: F. A. Roy, president; Austin Harman, vIjo president; Jacob Floersheim, secretary; L. E. Aldridge, treasurer. Executlvo Committee: Frank A, Roy, Austin Har man, Jacob Floersheim, L. E. Aldridge and F. S. Brown. PRIMROSE PROGRESSIVE CIRCLE. Meetings held every Saturday after noon. Mrs. W. II. Wlllcox. president: Mrs. G,eo. Tlndall, vice president; Mrs. W. A. Brunage, secretary ; : Mrs. F. S. Brown treasurer. Trustees: Mrs. F.A. Rnv. Mrs. W. II. Wlllcox, Mrs. L. E. Alldridge. SWASTIKA DRAMATIC CLUB. The Swastika DramatlirOClub meets every Monday night. 'Officers: Mrs. B. uoodman, president.; .Mrs. Nellie Wlllcox. vice president: Mrs J. Flotr- shelm. treusurer; -Miss-oStella -Maso, secretary; Mr H. Karlsruher, manager; Mrs. Nellie Baum, assistant. PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. Rev. J. 3. Russell. Sunday School every Run--lay, 10:00 a. m. Preaching first Sun lay of each month, morning and . even ing, services-at school house. 5 WOODMFN OF THE WORLD Meets at the Bushkevltz hall on the tlrst and tiilrd Tuesday of each. month. Alex. S. Bushkevltz, consul commander; W. P. Tlndall, past consul commander; Vbe Stanton. Jr.,, adviser lieutenant; L. E. Aldridge, clerk; Max- K-rause, banker; F. S. Brown, escort; George Tlndall. watchman; J. M. Aldridge, sentry. C. E. Farrington Attorney -at-Law ATTEND TO ALL LEGAL MAT TERS BEFORE ALL THE TERRI TORIAL COURTS. LAND MATTERS A SPECIALTY. Clayton - - New Mexico Union Co. A Stern (Necessity. The man who never says the wrong thing has to be silent a. good deal oi the time, - t, ; .v Turnout of Penknives. ; Penknives are tempered at 470 6-trees.