Newspaper Page Text
Copyright by Waldon Fawcett Knute Nelson, senior United States senator from Minnesota, Is a veteran of the civil war where he served as a private and non-commissioned officer. He was born in Norway in 1843, coming to this country six years laer. In 1867 he was admitted to the bar in Wisconsin and served the following two years in the state legislature. He removed to Minnesota In 1871. In 1892 tie was elected governor, going to the senate three years later. RAILROAD INTERSTATE COMMERCE COMMIS SION GIVES OUT REPORT. Statistics Show 122,855 Persons Killed or Injured During Year Ending June 30 Mileage Gain Placed at 10,892. Washington. The Interstate com merce commission's report for the year ending June 30, 1908, shows 122, 855 persons killed or injured by rail roads, a net Income of $449,461,188 available for dividends or surplus, 873,905,133 passengers carried, 1,796, 336,659 tons of freight hauled, track mileage of 327,975, employes number ing 1,672,074, equipment including 55, 388 locomotives, 43,973 passenger cars, and 1,991,557 freight cars. In these figures neither cars used in the com panies' service nor commercial private cars are included. The mileage of tracks of all kind9 Increased 10,892 during the year. Rail roads owning 2,811 miles of line were reorganized, merged or consolidated. There were 29 roads in receivership. Nearly all locomotives and cars In the passenger service had train brakes, all but 58 passenger locomotives car ried automatic couplers, only a little more than one per cent, of the pas senger coaches lacked automatic couplers, and of 1,991,557 freight cars, 1,901,881 had train brakes, while 1,972,804 of them had automatic couplers. Employes averaged 735 per 100 miles of line, a substantial increase. The total wages and salaries paid was $1,072,386,427. The passenger traffic exceeded the previous year by almost 76,000,000 per sons. The freight traffic Increased al most 165,000,000 tons, or 69,718 tons per mile. The passenger revenue per mile averaged 2.014 cents, and both passenger and freight train earnings per train mile showed an increase. The gross earnings from the opera tion of 227,545 miles of line for which substantially complete returns were rendered were $2,589,105,578, being more than $263,000,000 greater than MINNESOTA FIGURES. the previous year. Operating expenses were $1,748,518,814, or considerably more than $211,000,000 Increase. The income from operation, or the net earnings of the railways, aggregated $840,589,764, exceeding the previous year by $51,701,868. The total of $1,127,173,706 income of railways em braces net earnings and income from lease, Investments and miscellaneous sources. Dividends declared aggregated $308,137,924, leaving $141,323,264 as surplus from the operations of the year, as against the previous year's surplus of about $29,000,000 less. In the fiscal year of 1907-08 one pas senger was killed for every 1,432,631 carried, and one injured for every 67, 012 carried, a little worse showing than the previous year. One passen ger was killed for every 45,000,000 odd passenger miles traveled, and one in jured for every 2,125,493 miles. INVENTS CHURN IN DREAM. Indiana Man Finds Slumber Makes Him $25,000 Richer. Sullivan, Ind. Willis Pratt, a farm er living near Farmersburg, is to-day $25,000 richer than he was a few days ago. Some time ago Pratt dreamed three nights in succession about the con struction of an improved churn, and he set to work and modeled one after the one pictured in his dreams. As soon as the model was com pleted he obtained a patent. The other day a churn company of Chicago asked Pratt to place a price on his in vention, which he did, putting the fig ure so high that he had little hope of the company accepting the price. Con trary to expectations, he received a reply that the company would accept the offer. The Undertow. No man or woman of the humblest sort can really be strong, gentle, pure and good without the world being bet ter for it, without somebody being helped and comforted by the very ex istence of goodness. Phillips Brooks. MRS. J. SHERMAN IS BRILLIANT WOMAN AND AN IDEAL HOUSEKEEPER. Washington Home of Republican Can didate for Vice-Presidency and Wife Is the Center of an In tellectual Coterie. Washington. Years ago Carrie Babcock was one of the belles of Utica. To-day she is the wife of the Republican nominee for vice-president, Congressman James Schoolcraft Sher man. In Washington she is known as a brilliant conversationalist and as the possessor of a keen intellect, familiar - r-nr with all matters of current legislation. Her home, as long as she maintained one here, was the center of a little coterie of brilliant men and women. In Utica the Shermans have an at tractive home in Genesee avenue. The house stands in several acres of ground and Mrs. Sherman has surrounded it with flowers. She has her greenhouses, which protect the flowers in winter, and each' time that it has been neces sary to leave Utica she has made it a point never to do so until the last flower has been taken in and cared for. Among her intimate friends Mrs. Sherman has the reputation of being an ideal housekeeper. She puts up her own preserves and superintends the details of her marketing. Mrs. Sherman was born in the town which is now her home. She was the daughter of L. H. Babcock, a promi nent lawyer. She attended the Utica seminary and later became a student at Balliol school. Col. Ellakim Sherrill of the One Hundred and Twenty-sixth New York Volunteers, to whom a monument was erected at Gettysburg some years ago, was Mrs. Sherman's maternal grand father. Col. Sherrill was shot and killed at Gettysburg. Mrs. Sherman's maternal grandmother was Emily El dredge, said to have been a direct de scendant of Pocahontas. If Taft and Sherman win next No vember the Shermans will return to Washington and take a house for the winter. With them will come Mrs. Sherman's mother, Mrs. Babcock, who makes her home with Representative Sherman, and the two sisters of Mrs. Sherman, Mrs. J. C. De Long and Mrs. I L. B. Moore, may spend the season here. - . I The family of Representative and Mrs. Sherman includes three sons, one of whom is married and has a charm ing little daughter, Ellen. This little maid Is the bright particular star of the Sherman home and the idol of her grandparents. Mrs. Sherman has an attractive niece who, if the Republican ticket is elected next fall, will spend a great deal of time In Washington. The Shermans have been married about 28 years and they have an ideally happy home. Among the women of Washington Mrs. Sherman is particularly popular. She has a charming personality, an affable man ner and a delightful spirit of hospi tality. Her invitations are never de clined. Last winter Representative and Mrs. Sherman lived at the New Willard and entertained only in the most informal way. Their dinner parties wore limited to only a few guests because of the ill health of both Mr. and Mrs. Sherman. PRIMITIVE IRRIGATION METHODS. Companies Organized Vill Improve System in Old Mexico. St. Louis The new irrigation law which was recently passed by the Mex ican congress already has led to the inauguration of a number of Irrigation projects in different parts . of that country. The fact that the law carries an appropriation of $25,000,000 to bo paid in subsidies to those who place land under Irrigation, serves as an in centive for the establishment of im provements of this character. One of the largest of these Irrigation enterprises under the new law is being financed by a syndicate of St. Louis men, headed by David R. Francis. His son. David R. Francis, Jr., is actively interested In the project, and has been spending much of his time in Mexico of late. The concession for this enterprise provides for the use of the water of Lake Chápala for ir rigating about 500,000 acres of land adjacent to the lake. The government will pay a subsidy of $25 per hectare of 2 acres on all land placed under Irrigation. It Is stated that a system of canals and ditches will be built to cover every part of the tracts of land that are to be irrigated and that great electric pumping plants will be in stalled to raise the water out of the lake. The cost of the construction oí the system of Irrigation will be al most offset by the subsidy. Primitive methods of Irrigation are in use in many parts of Mexico. Some of these irrigating plants have been in operation continuously for more than 150 years. The water is raised by means of cumbersome water wheels operated by the native peons. The capacity of the buckets on these wheels is small, but a considerable quantity of water is lifted in the Primitive Method of Irrigation in Old Mexico. course of a day's operation and sev eral acres may be irrigated from one water wheel. The demand for mod ern pumping plants has increased very rapidly during the last few years, and it is not unusual to see a gasoline en gine at work alongside of one of the antiquated water wheels. Where Cats Are Welcome. The god Ptah is said to be worshiped with ardor in Boston, where the cat is as much a part of the household as any of the members. The Egyptians seemed to think the cat very impor tant to happiness, and Boston can see no good in that class of society that is talking about the cat as a breeder of disease and a destroyer of birds, and not to be tolerated.