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TERRITORIAL. V. H. Andrews. . .Delegate In Congress George Curry. .Governor of New Mexico J. W. Reynolds .Secretary Wm. J. Mills Chief Justice S. B. Davis District Atty ' Secundino Romero. District Court Clerk COUNTY. Malaqulas Martinez Councilman E. H. Biernbaum Representative E. E. Studley Representative Jose Vivian Frezquiez. . .Probate Judge Juan Navarro Probate Clerk Juan B. Martinez Sheriff Chas. U. Strong. Treasurer and Collector Albino Martinez Assessor Ricardo Martinez Superintendent of Schools Alex S. Buslikevitz Surveyor Juan de Mata Mares Board of Damacio Tafoya f County Geo. V. Santistevan J Commissioners PRECINCT. Guad Garcia Justice of the Peace Wm. A. Brumage Deputy Sheriff UOARI) OP EDUCATION. Alex S. Buslikevitz Chairman Herman Goodman Clerk Lucas Vigil Member WEALTH. The assessment of 1907 gives the tax able wealth of Mora county as $1,175, 823, an increase of $9,145 over the pre vious year. The census of 1906 gives the value of agricultural wealth of the county us $2,581,000, but the real wealth of the county undoubtedly ap proximates $6,000,000. During the past tiscal year 100,000 acres were settled upon by homesteaders, under the Fed eral and land laws. Mora is one of the few counties In the Territory where the area appropri ated exceeds the area of publio lands. The area still subject to entry under the Federal land laws is 760,000 acres, while that appropriated Is 830,000 acres. The agricultural lands of Mora county are valued on the assessor's books at $225,000 and the grazing lands at $341, nnn hut the census of 1900 Bhows that they are worth at least six times as much. CLIMATE. T.ikA the rest of New Mexico, Mora county enjoys a peerless climate that is a speclllc for lung and throat trou bles. Its high altitude, the purity of Its atmosphere, the grandeur of Its scenery, its pines, spruce, cedar, and pinon forests make it an ldeeal sec tion for homes and a health-seekers nnrnrllse. The annual rainfall Is slight and occurs mostly In the summer months. There are no extremes In tern norniiira pltlipr in summer or winter the .intnra i.plni' mild and sunshiny and .the summers cool, and even cold at night in the mountainous sections. There is good fishing and hunting in the country; roads are good and ac commodations for tourists and health seekers are plain but substantial and comfortable. RAILROADS, Mora county is crossed from north to t Santa Fe Railway. The mileage Is little over 40 miles. A railroad from Las Vegas to Mora has been surveyed, and an extension from Mnn tn Tuns Is contemplated. Mora county needs more railroads for Its de ,.impf nnH wnulri erlve heavy ton nage to such. The building of railroads would also lead to the establishment ol manv Industries, for which the raw táiio nan he fum shed by tho county, for which the fuel and water power are there, and home markets could easny oe iuuuu. TIMBER. Many parts, especially in the moun tains, are heavily timbered districts. CtAna ara ho In IF taken to protect some of the timber sections, especially on the Pecos Forest Reserve. This does not prohibit the cutting of timber, but Í i.. -iotpo it Rvn million feet of lumber are annually shipped out or the county. . From za to ou waBu .u, of ties and telegraph poles are daily taken to the rauroaa. MINING. Mora Is not a mining county, but there are indications In plenty of min eral wealth to that of any section of the Rocky mountains Many prospects have been located and some of them show considerable developmtnt. lhe 1 Indications of copper are especially i-i,, u"vtpnalvn work is being done in the Rociada and Coyote mining districts, as wen as l f f ih Pnrns river forest reserve. The Rociada Gold and Copper Company is down 200 feet, and has a 6 to .8 foot vein of copper, assaying from 10 to 0 per cent, in addition to the gold, silver, in0i Thpre tre many other good prospects In the same vicinity, some having ore running as high as 'thirty five per cent, in copper. The Santa Barbara King mine, near Mora, has had assays of from. $60 to $70 per ton There Is a small smelter at Rociada El ALÍ X.-i me fnrmerlv worked with the pan, each pan yielding as much as ... .vo n.illl filled with gold dust. In the Coyote mining district several nun dred thousand dollars have been ex pended, but litigation has caused op r . . i Cnan I m Ana nr on Save been picked up that assayed $3 n i -niH tn the ton. and there is tradition of a "lost mine" that at one raided fabulous sums. This mine s supposed to be located on the , Mora grant, and much money has been ex- nonded to rediscover u. " suppose that with mountain fórma lo 'i i'"' . ,. nf thB r chest mln- eValTstrlc.t in the world, and rich float being picked up in every part of nutti uc J 11 o mlnornl va ns an- í,h.r.ntU on the "surface In many locall P.arenA.. mo pmintv hns a great fu ÍJK as a mineral producer, Although Mnra has no cotu nunco, ..- - Mora im . . manv thousand of tons could be produced annually with but little labor and Investment of capital. Clay for brlck-makinsr. red and white sandstone, and limestone ex- . ist in large quantities and of commer- cial quality. Near Wagon Mount do- pusiia in mum are reponed. i THE STOCK INDUSTRY. According to this year's assessment I the county has about 15,000 cattle, 76,- ! Ilroad in water ñfrt Va v nrlml ?19 h!!Pi ?"d M. Kats. As a mat- Sway's" üillPrevail' s?d e V sTd e HniiP-i i, i tiplieJ at least by tWO. The WOOl pro- "nnnn1" the., countv a,mouní8 about 750,000 pounds annually, and the cattle nippea out annually total almost as many as the assessment credits the county with. It has an ideal range and I u ji . JP ... Hie raising unu lauening ot Deer cattle is one of the principal industries around Wagon Mound, Watrous, and other settlements. The eastern portion is aevotea entirely to stock raising he mesas support numerous nocks of sheep and herds of cattle. This im mense stock range Is well watered and as good shelter in its breaks and canons. The grass is very nutritious, being black gramma and blue joint, and in most years is cut for hav. yield ne as high as two tons to the acre. For tunes have been made in Mora county by stock raising, and the man who pos sesses capital, some experience and business ability can invest money to no better purpose than tn this in dustry. AGRICULTURE. The county leads In agriculture. To gether with Taos county it was the granary of the southwest for many years, and before the advent of the railroads caravans came from far and near to secure wheat and other agrl- uitural products. JSven today from to 50 wagons, loaded with agricul tural products, are on the road daily from the Mora valley to Las Vegas or to Wagon Mound. Five acres produce 13,665 pounds of oats, or 85 bushels to the acre. Potatoes yield from 3 to D tons per acre, Mora county being one of the few parts of the southwest where potatoes are raised successfully. Irrigation is not needed to raise crops The principal crops are wheat, oats, alfalfa, corn, barley, rye, potatoes, and vegetables. Horticulture Is a very suc cessful pursuit, and the fruit raised here will stand comparison witn tnat raised anywhere In the United States. Its flavor is unsurpassed and in size and color It has no equal. From the Mora and adjoining valleys 15,000 pounds of oats are shipped annually and about 2,000,000 pounds of corn. Enough wheat is raised to supply and keen busy the year around one modern roller mill and six water-power grist mills. The homeseeeker can purchase land already under cultivation at from $10 to $40 per acre. Mora county produces sugar beets very rich In saccharine matter and yielding a neavy crop to the acre. The extraordinary purity of these beets and their high per cent or sugar have created a demand for them, and quantities nave Deen snippea to the Colorado beet-sugar factories 11s an experiment; but, owing to the cost of freight and the difficulty of taking the beets to the railroad, sugar-beet raising is not ns profitable as it would he if a sucar factory or two were lo cated nearer to the beet field. Labor s chean. water power abundant, and fuel easily secured, factors which would contribute much to the success of beet-sugar factories. The following are the principal agrl cultural valleys: . The Mora and Agua Np.erra val ev. nearly all unuer cultiva tion, Is twenty-two miles long. In its narrowest place it is 40 yarus wiae for the lenerth of about 12 miles; the other 10 miles are from 2 to 3 miles wide. The Cebolla valley is 10 muas Inns and from 1 to 3V4 miles wide. The Guadalupita valley is 5 miles long and 3 miles wide along tne uuaaaiu nltn. nnd then runs 10 miles to Lucero, nvprns-lnQ- nhout a ouarter of a mile in width. The Llano del Coyote valley is about 3 miles long and 1 mile wide. Tho T.n f!nevn. vallev. not including the 100,000 acres of the La cueva itancn Company, has an area of about I4,uuu nerss. The Golondrina valley has nn area of 6,000 acres. The Cherry and Watrous valleys produce alfalfa prin cipally, although 30,000 pounds of grain is raisea annuany, Deing usou muaiiy in fattening cattle, there being about 20.000 head of cattle in these two val lavs. Besides these valleys, which all have Irrigation systems, there are the Lower Cebolla, Buena Vista, Carmen, Gascon, and other small valleys that are very productive. HISTORY. Mora is the Spanish word for rasp berrv. the first settlers naming the section thus on account of the abund nnno of wild raspberries. Up to 1830 the county was the hunting ground of Indian tribes who held undisputed sway. In 1832 the first attempt was made bv white men to settle on the present site of Mora, but the settlers were driven off by the Indians and a number of them were slain. However, other attempts were made, and In 184 the settler made a brave stand agalns the Indians and from that day the white men held the upper hand. The Mora valley was at that time a dense forest and great hardship was endured In clearl""r he lands and building homes. 1 a white man would be killed at his own door by marauding Indians, and It was not uncommon for women and children to be carried Into captivity. The Mexican government furnished no protection, and the set tiers had but rude weapons with wnich to repel the attacks of the savage hordes. The government, however, cave a laree grant of land to seventy six of these sturdy men. In 1847. dur lng the war with Mexico, these people were intensely loyal to Mexico. New comers from the States about this time were massacred, and the Ameri can troons. who appeared soon after wards, as a punishment, laid the town of Mora in ashes. After tne annexa j tlon these people were as loyal to the United States as they had been to I Mexico, and manv nf them fnnirht In the Federal ranks during the Civil War. In 18G0 the county of Mora was created out of part of the county of iaos. it naa seven precincts tnen, one of tne Precincts, No. 4, Rayado, later ííin?'e.4JnthAc?nt'e? ?.f Co1: iw,tn advanced civilization, adding not I little, to thn nli'tiiromipnp nnil i charms of the section. SETTLEMENTS. Wagon Mound and Mora are the prln- c'pal towns in Mora county and are trpntprl unript flip hiia r,t "P t aa otiH r r v, , , ,, towns of New Mexico. Watrous. on the San Mieuel county line, is next in Importance as a ship ping point, being the second largest settlement on the Santa Fe railway In tne county. Altana and - rruit are raised to a large extent around Wa trous. There are two large store, a blacksmith shop, two churches, and a schoolhouse. One and a half miles from Watrous the Santa Fe railway is operating a stone quarry which at times employs from 300 to 400 men, uppiying ballast for the railway track. Two train londs of stone are hipped daily. Population, 350. Cleveland, better known as San An tonio, lies three miles west of Mora, In the Mora valley. Two stores, a saw mill, and postollice are here. Popula tion, uu. . . Agua Negra Is four miles west of Mora, also in the Mora valley. It has a postofflce, one store, a Protestant church, a mission school, and a saw mill. At tnis point the main road to Mora starts. Population, 600. ' Rito de la Agua Negra is fifteen miles west of Mora and is the center of the best oats and potato producing valley In the county. It has two stores. a Protestant church, a Catholic church, and Protestant mission school. Popu lation, 600. Cebolla lies in a rich valley divided from the Mora valley by a mountain range. A large reservoir supplies irri gation water to the many fertile farms, wheat, hay, and oats being the princi pal products. Population. 400. La cueva la situated nve miles east of Mora and .Is supplied with water from the Mora river. It is the head quarters of the La Cueva Ranch Com pany. A Catholic and a Protestant church and a Protestant mission school are maintained. There are also two blacksmith shops at the place. Population. 600. Golondrinas lies thirteen mués east Mora and fifteen miles west of Wa trous. The surrounding valley is wat ered by the Mora and the Cebolla Farming and stock raising are tne principal Industries. ' Alfalfa and other hay, all kinds of cereals, legumes, and fruits are the principal products, une settlement hns one store and a post office. Population, 250. Cherrv Vallev is fifteen miles east of Watrous, and farming is pursued here in accordance with the most mod ern methods. The valley Is watered from the Mora river, ditches being taken out on both sides of the river and watering thousands of acres. Al faifa, corn, oats, and all Kinds or rruits are raised, vegetables attain an lm mense size. Hundreds of cattle, fat and sleek, roam on the adjoining mesas, while sheep graze peacefully by the thousands in this section. Popu lotion, 150. Ocate is twenty-five miles west of Wagon Mound, near the dividing line between Mora and Colfax counties, There are 1,200 settlers in this fertile valley. Ocate has five general stores, each carrying a stock that would do credit to a city store. There are two churches, four schoolhouses. and sev eral blacksmith shops. The town Is most beautifully situated, being sur rounded by high well-timbered moun tains. The X)cate Valley is dotted with beautiful meadows, and about 5,000 tons of hay are harvested annually, The Ocate Creek Is the dividing line between the Mora grant and the public domain. Many thousands of cattle sheep, and horses can be seen grazing around Ocate, making a picture of peace and plenty. The valley was sot tied fifty years ago, every foot of land being disputed with hostile Indians, and today a certain part of the valley Is known ns Corral de los Apaches, The valley Is exceptionally well wat ered, the Ocate Creek being formed by several sparkling mountain streams which comes down plcturesquo canons. Fort Union lies eight miles north of Watrous. It has a romantic history. The caravans on the Santa Fe trail, in the early fifties and sixties often mad It a haven of refuge. A stage carried the mall from and to Kansas City once every two or three months, and later on monthly. Freight wagons and the prairie schooners made the trip in si months, and some took a whole year to make a return trip. The place was to the traveler an oasis and a bulwark against the marauding Indians. The old fort is 6,700 feet above sea level and situated in a valley twenty-five miles long and five miles wide. The Turkey Mountains lies to the eas while to the west rise the majestic slopes of the Rock mountains. The fort was abandoned In 1891. An extinct era ter lies between" It and Ocate, and for many miles around lava is piled up Guadalupita is Bituated twelve miles north of Mora in a beautiful valley surrounded by high mountains. The valley round about is well watered by several small streams, the chief of which is the Coyote, which gets its flow from the Black Lakes, in Colfax county. There Is a sawmill, general store, a church, and a school in the settlement, which also has a postoffice. Hay, grain, potatoes and legumes are raised in large quantities, but the chief industry is stocK raising, Many thou sand sheep graze in the hills, and on the mountains browse many herds of cattle. Grass comes very urly in the spring, ana tneretore catue do excep tionally well. The winters are mild. The road to the Black Lakes, Cimarron, iDiizaoetMown, and Taos . passe through Guadalupita, crossing tho Coyote twenty-three times In the can- Many a nshlng party rinds its way to this canyon or to the Black Lakes, where trout fishing, us well as untlng. yields excellent sDort. Pecu lation, 250. Turqulllo is six miles north of Gua- alupita. There are two sawmills in the valley, with an almost Inexhaust ible supply of timber to draw on. Hay, grain, and the legumes are the prin- ipai crops, potatoes, however, are grown to an immense size. A number f promising mineral prospects are in the near-by mountains, but not devol- oped to any extent. Population, 350. coyote is seven miles northeast of Mora. It is in a narrow valley about mile wide, with high mountains and uffs on all sides. Stock raising and agriculture are the main industries. - A general store and a postoffice are found ere. There are several fine orchards the valley. A concentrator situated there Is idle at present, although con siderable work is being done on the ne mineral prospects in the vicinity. Copper is the principal ore, some of assaying as nign as t per cent.. besides carrying gold, silver, ond lead. PoDiilation, 200. Llano del Coyote Is two miles east of Coyote. Its resources are chiefly tock raising and farming. . it has two stores, one church, a school, and a blacksmith shop. It is situated in an open valley, watered by the Coyote. Population, 300. MORA COUNTY'S FUTURE. Now is the time to settle in Mora county. The building of branch rail roads into the county win greatly in crease lnnd values and will bring many opportunities for the establishment or new industries, the development of la tent resources, the building of new towns and tne growth or tne older settlements. With its ideal climate, Its abundance of water, its undeveloped resources, Mora county promises In the near future to become one of the most ensely populated and richest sections of the great Southwest. . DIRECTORY - CHURCHES. CATHOLIC CHURCH Rev. Father Ant Celller, pastor. Services held monthly. Notices of date of service will be posted a weeK in advance. No tify the pastor of sick calls. METHODIST EPISCOPAL. Rev. Grimmel, pastor. Services held in school house first Sunday in every month. Sunday school every Sunday at 10:00 a. m. CLUBS. ROY COMMERCIAL CLUB. Meet ngs held on first and third Tuesdays every month in Club Hall. Officers: F. A. Rov. president: Austin Harman. vne president; Jacob Floersheim, secretary; E. Aldrldge, treasurer. üJxecutivo Committee: Frank A. Roy, Austin Har- ' man, Jacob Floersheim, L. E. Aldrldge and F. S. Brown. PRIMROSE PROGRESSIVE CIRCLE. Meetings held every Saturday after noon. Mrs. W. H. Willcox, president; Mrs. Geo. Tindall, vice president; Mrs. W. A. Brunage, secretary; Mrs. n a. Brown treasurer. Trustees: Mrs. F. A. Roy. Mrs. W. H. Willcox, Mrs. Li. E. Alldridge. SWASTIKA DRAMATIC CLUB. The Swastika Dramatic Club meets every Monday night. Officers: Mrs. B. Goodman, president; Mrs. eme Willcox, vice president; Mrs. j. f loer sheim. treasurer; Miss Stella Mason, secretary; M. H. Karlsruher, manager; Mrs. Nellie Baum, assistant. PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. Rev. J. S. Russell. Sunday School every Sun day, 10:00 a. m. Preaching first Sun day or eacn montn, morning ana even ing, cervices at scnooi nouse. WOODMEN OF THE WORLD. Meets at the Bushkevltz hall on the first nnd third Tuesday of each month. Alex. S. Buslikevitz, consul commander; W, P. Tindall, past consul commander; Abe Stanton, Jr., adviser lieutenant; L. E. Aldrldge, clerk; Max Krause, banker; F. S. Brown, escort; George Tindall. watchman; J. M. Aldrldge, sentry. C. E. Farrington Attorney -at Law I ATTEND TO ALL LEGAL MAI TER3 BEFORE ALL THE TERRI TORIAL COURTS. LAND MATTERS A SPECIALTY. Clayton - - New Mexico Union Co. . . Colck It's a mighty cold day when a wom an can't make It hot for a man. De troit Free Press. , Dear Mother-in-Law. He Your mother Is becoming more and more a balloon, but less and less dirigible. Transatlantic Tales.