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Alberto ' ValUeT--' j '.
ti "" wrm II U I T7! n T7V n TV!U'- I 4. Ill um Vol; VIII VV UJJ ii -liM ROY DISTRICT FAIR ASSOCIATION PREVENTION OF SMUT The grain smuts cause an enor mous loss to the farmers of this country each year and this can be entirely prevented by methods of seed treatment which are com paratively inexpensive. The loss is twofold the smut lessens the yield, and wheat containing any appreciable amount of it is fre quently subjected to a heavy dis count by the millers. The stinking smut of wheat, which is the kind usually found, causes the kernel to swell up slightly and become tilled with a powdery mass of black smut spores having a very disagreable odor. During the threshing and handling, the sound grain be comes contaminated by the in fecting material contained in these smutty kernels. This dan gerous parasite is widely spread throughout the wheat region and is easily carried from farm to farm by threshing machines. Since thére are several very - successful and simple methods by . which farmers can prevent it, there is really no excuse for an up to-date farmer having smutty wheat. Of the several methods of treating wheat for smut, I will mention but two which I con sider most applicable for the farmers on the mesa: 1. Copper Sulphate and Lime Treatment. 2. Formalin Treatment. Directions for applying copper sulphate and -lime treatment: One pound of crystallized com mercial copper sulphate, also known as blue stone or blue vit riol, is dissolved in 25 gallons water by tying the copper, sul phate crystals in a piece of coarse gunny sack and suspending them just below the surface of the water. A convenient arrange ment for treating the wheat is to use barrels or tanks having a bunghole at the bottom protected on the inside by a piece of wire screen so that the liquid can he drawn off. Fill the barrels or tanks about two-thirds full of grain. The wheat is soaked in the bluestone solution for about 12 hours and then for 5 minutes in lime water, which is made by slaking 1 pound of good stone lime and diluting to 10 gallons of water after it is slaked. The ' (Continued on page 10.) 1 C 1 H Roy, MoftA County, New Mexico, ' Saturday,' JtnY 29. 1911. To Hold Fair in Roy Thursday, Friday and Saturday, Oct. 5, 6, 7 Organization Effected and Committees Named At a large and enthusiastic meeting of Roy business men and farmers from the surrounding country held in the I. O. O. F. Hall in Hoy Wednesday after noon of this week, it was unani mously decided to hold a fair and exhibit of stock and farm pro duce at Roy this fall. The date chosen was Thursday, Friday and Saturday, October 5, 6 and 7. The officers chosen were R. W. Boulware, president; Irvin Og den, Sr., vice president; W. Fred Ogden, secretary; H. Goodman, treasurer. The committee in charge re ported over $200.00 donations in sight and a prospect for as much moje from concessions, etc. The TEACHERS' Mora County Teachers' Association to Hold Next Meeting at Roy, February 8, 9, Educators are (Special to the Spanish American) At the anuual meeting of the Mora County Teachers' Associa tion which was held at Wagon Mound last Saturday, it was un animously decided by the associ ation to hold their annual meet ing for 1912 at Roy during the early part of February. The association is one .of the largest county associations within the new state and has a member ship of about 60 teachers, besides a number of members of the vari ous school boards. Roy easily defeated Wagon Mound and Mora, both of which made a strong fight for the meet ing. Roy was presented as the next meeting place by Prof. W. G. Johnson, who was ably assist ed by J. E. Russel of Mills, both of whom made excellent talks for our little town, and when the final vote was taken Roy was chosen almoat unanimously. The meeting will be one of great interest to the people of Roy and vicinity, and it is now up to the people of Roy to assist the teachers' in evéry way pos sible in making this one of the greatest educational meetings ever held in New Mexico. TiTTTI JV'Tll.TPi U J. i I plans are to collect all the money possible for this fair and use it to the best advantage. If the fair proves a success, as it surely will, then to form a stock com pany later and make the Roy District Fair Association a per manent institution and hold a fair every year. A report was handed in by a committee of the townspeople at the meeting outlining what they could, do and what they wanted. It was met with a report from the Pleasant View Farmers Co operative Club outlining What they wanted and would do. The two reports were iu general the same, and proved their ideas to be in full accord. ASSOCIATION 10, 1912 Prominent to be Present , A number of prominent edu cators will be present and lecture on various subjects. Among those already secured are Dr. Roberts, president of the' New Mexico Normal University, who is considered one of the best lec turers in New Mexico; Prof. Jos. S. Hofer, president of the State Teachers' Association and at present city superintendent of schools at Tucumcari, and is an educator of state wide reputation; Mrs.. Leona Louge, teacher of English and Spanish at the Raton public schools, and one of the leaders of educational work in Mew Mexico. Also a number of other educators will be present and" discuss various educational questions. The members of the program committee also expect to have Dr. Clark, state superintendent of schools, present to address the meeting. County Superintendent Bias Sanchez is assisting the associa tion in every way possible to make this one of the great educational meetings of New Mexico. Complete arrangements will be announced later in the Spanish-American. TTMTT HP A No. 1Í It was ordered by the meeting that the president appoint a board of five directors to act with the officers in the planning and execution of the arrangements, the directors to represent the several towns and communities which are to participate in the fair. The appointments will be announced later. In order to get immediate ac tion on the plans for the fair, the chair was directed to appoint a committee of five members on arrangements, three on finance and three on publicity. The fol lowing were appointed and are now on the job: - Executive Committee: W. Frank Walkowiak, chairman; Jas. W. Johnson, S. B. Shannon, E J. H. Roy, W. G. Johnson. Finance Committee: A. R. Davis, chairman; J. Floersheim, Roy S. Wood. Publicity Committee: E. J. H. Roy, chairman. A. S. Hanson, B. W. Sturgis. ; . The details - of the arrange-' ments will be worked out later, and it will be the mission of every one to keep posted and inform others of their progress. This is undoubtedly the biggest advertising scheme ever attempt ed here, and the enthusiasm shown at this meeting is the best assurance of success. Every "ef fort will be made to make an equitable division of interests so that all will find instruction and entertainment. The premium list is being carefully prepared, and will be issued as soon as possible. Arrangements were also pro posed to send the choicest exhib its to the. Albuquerque fair, the Dry-Farming Congress, and the Chicago Land Show. Suitable advertising matter, ' stationery, newspaper publicity, photographs and all other legitimate means of advertising are to be issued lav ishly, and every citizen of this mesáis urged to participate in this part of the enterprise. The Spanish-American will be the official organ of this associa tion, and will report the progress of the fair arrangements. It was the expressed wish of those who attended the meeting that all amusement or other schemes for getting money dur ing the fair should be run by the association and for its benefit solely, and all concessions1 and privileges will be closely censored as a matter of policy.