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VOTE IN 1912 Fnnal Stiff ra r a Mav Ro Factor in Presiden tial Election Matter Which Chairmen of Na tional Committees Will Be Called Upon to Consider- Some of the Laws for Which Women Are Responsible, At tributed Directly to Their Vote and Influence. T7T7 Y ASHINGTON. Almost 1,000,- WOOO women will be eligible to Tote for .their choice for president of the United Diaies in isia. inose worn' en are to be found in the six western Btatea which have already granted equal suffrage, the number of women in each state who are eligible to vote being about as follows: California, 600,000; Colorado, 160,000; Idaho. 48.- 000; Utah, 65,000; Washington. 120,. 000, and Wyoming, 35,000, or a total of 928,000. Those figures are not exact, but constitute the best possible estimate until such time as the census bureau gets out its figures showing the analy sis of the population by states. It Is possible that before the- election In 1912 more states may give the women a chance to vote for the presidential candidates, as the equal suffrage cam palgners have such states 'as Nevada, Oregon, Kansas and Wisconsin marked as trembling In the balance on the suffrage question. There are in the United States to day Just 19 states which have no form of suffrage for women, although some cities In them have. Those states are Nevada, Texas, Missouri, Arkansas, Mississippi, Indiana, Kentucky, Ten nessee, Alabama, Florida, Georgia, South Carolina, . North Carolina, Vir ginia. West Virginia, Maryland, Penn sylvanla, Rhode Island and Maine On October 12 last California joined the states granting equal suffrage to women, the vote on that occasion be ing 119.086 for and 117,408 against the measure, or a majority of 1678 for equal suffrage, with some minor towns to hear from. California had rejected the proposition in. 1896, Oregon and several of the other western states have several times rejected the amendment, and Massachusetts In 1895 voted on the question and refused equal suffrage, the vote In this state at that time being: Yes, 109.204; No, 187,840, or 78,636 majority against equal suffrage. Since then the ques tlon has not been brought to the ref erendum In this commonwealth. In the western states the question has come before the voters quite reg ularly, for, according to some of the opponents of the equal suffrage In that section of the country, "a yes' vote settles the matter and a no' vote slm piy means me question comes up again in a couple of years." : Kentucky Pointed the Way. Kentucky was the first state in this country to give women the right to vote. In 1838 that state gave the school suffrage to widows with chll dren of school age, and In 1861 Kansas gave the school suffrage to all women Year by year from then on the move ment for woman's suffrage gained strength throughout the country, but It was always granted in modified form as the right to vote on school matters, local tax questions, municipal suffrage, etc In 1869 Wyoming gave the full suffrage to women, being the first state in the country to do so. School suffrage was granted to the women of New Hampshire In 1878, by Massachusetts in 1879. by Connecticut in 1893 and Vermont In 1S80. In addi tion to the six states in this country which have given the full suffrage to women, there are many countries which have given a modified form of suffrage to women and full suffrage has been granted the women by the Isle of Man, New Zealand, South Aus tralia, West Australia, and in 1902 full suffrage was granted the women of Federated Australia and New South Wales. In Utah the reports show that 75 per cent of the women voted in Bear River, 95 per cent voted in Garden City, 95 per cent voted In Grouse Creek, 90 per cent voted in Keysvllle, 90 per cent voted In Logan and 90 per cent voted in Nephi. Seem to Prize Vote. In Wyoming the reports state that the women voted as strongly In pro portion to registration as did the males, if not to a larger extent In Denver, Colo., In the election of 1909, no less than 30,000 women voted and only about 500 of that number were classified as vicious women. In other words, in that Denver election 43 per cent of the vote was cast by women and only 40 per cent of the vote was cast by males. Both houses of the National Parlia ment of Federated Australia for the session of 1909-10 passed a resolution saying that after 66 years of woman's suffrage in varying parts of the coun try and nine years as a common wealth, the reform has Justified the hopes of its supporters. Relative to the percentage of worn en voting in the states where they have that right, the woman's suf frage organizations point out. that men do not exercise their tight to vote as they should, and that, therefore. the question as to women doing bo is not very material. They point out that In the presiden tial election of 1904, the vote cast was only 13,961,660. while 21,000,000 men were eligible to vote. Then again, they say that in the city election In Phlla delphla In 1903, the Reform party re ports that 49 per cent of the men fall ed to vote, and that In the same year In the election In New York city 60,000 registered voters failed to cast their ballots. Their Choice of Political Offices. In the states where full suffrage has been granted to women for some time experience has shown that worn' en do not to any great extent run for political office. Going through the records of those states it will appear that, for the most part, women have been candidates for educational post tlons and for the office of county or state treasurer. Those are the two classes of offices which they seem to have singled out as belDg most desir able from their standpoint, and to which they have been most generally elected. In several of the states giving full equal suffrage women have sat on Ju rles and have done acceptable service but there are no statistics available to show the number who have done such duty. Laws Women Have Helped to Make, The male mind naturally Inquires as to what laws the women in the equal suffrage states have been responsible for? For this question the women's suffrage organizations have evidently primed themselves. Here are some of the laws adopted In the equal suffrage states since women had the right to vote, which they maintain have been championed by women, and that worn en are practically responsible. Colorado gave equal suffrage In 1893, and since that time the women claim responsibility for securing the passage of laws forbidding the Insur- ance of children under ten years old establishing a state home for ilepen dent children, with two of the five members of Its trustees to be women; statute requiring three out of the six county visitors to be women; estab lishing a state industrial home for girls, three of the five trustees to be women; statute making women equal guardians of their children; statute raising the age of protection for girls to 18 years; requiring one woman on the board of the State Insane asylum; establishing parental or truant schools. providing for the care of the feeble minded; providing for tree preserva tion; requiring public school teachers to teach humanity to animals; making the Humane society a state bureau of child and animal protection; establish ment of Juvenile courts; compulsory education; establishing state traveling libraries, commission of five women; against the employment of child labor In mines; providing accident and for eign Ufe Insurance companies that have to be sued be made to pay the costs; restricting hours of labor for children, and for women; free em ployment bureaus; making It a misde meanor to neglect to support aged or Infirm parents; abolishing system binding out girls of the Industrial school; and in Denver otber beneficial legislation has been secured by them Work of Women In Idaho. Idaho gave equal suffrage In 1896. Since then women claim to have been Instrumental in securing these laws. Making gambling illegal; raising the age of protection for girls to 18 years; establishment of libraries and reading rooms; requiring 3 per cent of the school funds to be expended for school libraries, the books to be chos en by the State Board of Education; establishing the State Library com mission; providing for a department of domestic science in the State unl versity; providing for a course of do mestic science 'in the Academy of Idaho; establishment of the industrial reform school; pure food act; statute giving married women the same right to dispose of her property as men. Utah gave full suffrage to women In 1896. Since then the women claim these laws as a result of their efforts: Requiring that women: teachers be paid the same salaries as male teach' era; raising the age of protection of girls to 18 years; establishing free public libraries in cities and towns; requiring in all educational Institu tions supported by publlo funds in struction in physiology and hygiene; creating a state art institute; provld ing free lecture courses each year at the capital on sanitary science, hy glene and nursing; curfew bell; mak ing It a misdemeanor to sell tobacco, etc., to minors; providing for the pro tection of dependent boys under 14 and girls under 16 years and the pun ishment of persons responsible fot their care, neglect or Ill-treatment; re quiring the establishment of kinder gartens in all school districts of a population of 2,000 or more. Record In Wyoming. Wyoming gave equal suffrage in 1869. These jaws made since that time women claim chief responsibility for: Equal pay for men and womet teachers; raising the age of protection for girls to 18 years; making child neglect, abuse, etc., punishable; for bidding the employment of boys under 14 and girls of any age In the mines; forbidding the employment of children under 14 years in any publlo exhibi tion. In ten years of equal suffrage In Colorado only one woman has been convicted of illegal-voting. Relative to the Intelligence of women as voters the equal suffrage organizations polnl out that the 1907 report of the Na tional Educational commission says 54,183 girls were graduated from the public high schools as compared tc 33,202 boys from the same schools, and there were 116,841 more girU than boys in the publlo high schools. A Historical Fact Woman's Suffrage Advocate (to pol itlclan) I maintain that woman hat always been the prime factor In thlf world. Politician (blandly) Oh, I don't know. In the very beginning woman was only a side issue, Answers. FOR SALAD COURSE 80ME NEW IDEAS A3 TO COMPO. 8ITION AND SERVICE. Mixture Now Frequently It Eaten at the Beginning of Dinner Pine apple One of the Best for the Digestion. They are serving salads with a dif ference. A salad nowadays is very frequently eaten at the beginning of dinner and voted a digestive second to none. Of all fruits pineapple is of the greatest value to the dyspeptlo and contains the most delicate acid. The following recipe for a pineapple salad will be found an excellent one, and it is, moreover, a very pretty dish to serve at the beginning of luncheon or dinner: Pineapple In Lettuce Nests Cut a pineapple into small pieces. Add one cupful of finely chopped celery, one cupful of walnut meats and one cup ful of orange pulp. Shred one head of lettuce very finely and form Into nests on individual plates. Mix one cupful of mayonnaise and stir It lightly with the pineapple, etc.; add more mayonnaise if the fruit Is not sufficiently moist, and heap into the little lettuce nests.-. Decorate with chopped walnuts. Salado a La Versailles Boll six artichokes, separate the "fonds" from the leaves and cut into small pieces. Put in a salad bowl with an equal quantity of asparaguB points that have been cooked In salted water. Take a handful of salted almonds, chop them' fine, pound them with the Juice of two lemons and half a pint of cream, salt and pepper, and pour over the salad. A little mayonnaise may be added to the salad, but It is more delicate In flavor without it With cold chicken nothing is more excellent than a salad of carrots, cu cumbers and bard boiled eggs, all cut in rings and sent to table with this dressing: Two tablespoonfuls of olive oil with one of lemon Juice, with salt pepper and a speck of sugar to taste. Mushroom Salad Remove the skin and almost all" the stalk from some button mushrooms, drop them Into boiling salted water and cook foi three minutes. Lay them on a napkin and when quite cold sprinkle them with pepper and salt and finely chopped parsley. Lay on a dish and pour over two table spoonfuls of oil to one of tarragon vinegar. f Shrimp Salad a La Bretagne Shell a quart of boiled shrimps and lay them on young lettuce leaves in a salad bowL Chill some mayonnaise sauce on ice, pour over the shrimps and serve. - Tongue Salad Mix together and put in a fine dredger a small quantity each of celery, salt, red pepper and black pepper, white sugar and -allspice. Take some thin slices of Rus sian tongue, squeeze a little lemon Juice over the pieces and lightly dredge with the above mixture. Shave up some white onions and celery and put them in the salad bowl with a few white lettuce hearts. Add the tongue next, then pour several spoonfuls of oil over the whole with a dash of vinegar. Serve at once. Serving Potatoes. A delicious way of serving potatoes Is the following: Boll and mash 12 medium sized white potatoes, using one tablespoonful of butter instead of milk. When they are uearly cold add the yolks of three eggs, one teaspoon full of grated nutmeg, and six drops ot onion Juice. . Stir these Ingredients to gether until they are smooth. Make up Into small cone shaped croquettes and stand away to harden. When they are firm roll them in the beaten white of the eggs and cracker dust and fry in deep boiling fat until a light brown.