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POULTRY CRATE TO FATTEN POULTRY Work Should Bo Done Four Week Bo lón Killed to Get Right Pro portion of Fat and Lean. Fowls should be fattened at leaat four weeks before they are killed, not to make them aa fat aa possible, but to give them the right proportion of fat and lean to make the fowls fat and Juicy when cooked. The fattenlng-crate shown herewith Is 6 feet long. 16 Inches wide, 18 Inches high and divided Into three equal- ull Crate for Fattening Poultry, sized compartments, each holding from four to six birds, as the case may be. The slats or laths are 114 Inches wide, placed one and a half Inches apart at the ends, sides and tops of the crate, but those In front are placed vertically two inches apart. The floor of the crate Is made of lats laid lengthwise, one Inch apart. leaving a one-inch apace on either aide between the first lath and the sides of the crate. The crate should stand on ahort legs or trestles, to allow convenience In cleaning. The trough Is made the full length of the crate and should be three or four inches deep. It is supported at either end on notched boards, In order that It may be taken away when the coops are cleaned. Never leave the feed before the chickens more than 16 minutes, and feed very little at the start, gradually increasing the amount until the end of the week they are getting all they can eat three times a day. Some rations for fattening are given below : Equal parts by weight of finely ground corn, oats and shorts, mixed with sour skimmed milk. Same ration, except substitute ground barley for the corn. Finely ground oats mixed with skimmed milk. Equal parts of finely ground oata, com and low-grade flour. If beef scraps are used, 15 per cent. Is the beat proportion. LEGHORNS ARE BEST LAYERS None Other Found So Strong and Hardy and Consequently Easy for Poultrymen to Raise. Leghorns Uve and are profitable longer than other breeds. Large hens put on fat after the first year and do not lay bo woll afterward. Leghorns Jay well until four or five yeara old land a Leghorn on free range will never get fat enough to hinder her laying. ' Like all other fowls thoy are at their best during the first and second years of their Uves, hut as long as a Leg horn hen looks bright and thrifty she will lay profitably, says a writer In an exchange. This In a great measure offsets the fact that their bodies are too small to sell well as dressed poul try, however the buyers here pay as much per pound for them as for any. They are accused of not laying as veil during the winter as the larger liens. If the houses are cold enough to frost the comba of the single combed varieties they will not lay un til their combs are healed. Tbey hard- Brown Leghorn Hen. ty ought to be expected to, and rose combed varieties do better on thla ac count, but given comfortable quarters I have no trouble In getting them to lay In winter. Last December was very cold month here, the tempera tore being below aero nearly every morning during the month and some mornings more than 10 below. I had yearling hens laying, also pullets hatched In June that had been laying alnce September 1. I Other small breeds that I hay tried Ml all these points except one, I have found none other so strong and hardy and consequently easy to ralee. End so take them aU In all, the Log on suits me for an all-around farm rs fowl better than anything that I have ever tried. RBI e B I i PURE BRED FOWLS FAVOREO.HIS MODESTY OF HIGH ORDER They Will Realiza Good Profits If Properly Cared For Interesting Work for Farmer. If. In writing on the old, old subject of the advantages of raising purebred fowls 1 can Influence even one farmer of the southern or eastern territory to discard the old flocks and In its place raise stock which will be a credit to himself and the section of the country In which he Uves, I will Indeed feel that I have not wasted time and space. aays a writer In the Atlantic Poultry Journal. There Is no doubt as to the stability of the poultry Industry. The tendency in all of the large cities Is toward su burban homes and the pursuit of rus tió labora aa a paatlme. Poultry forms one of the moat pleasant diversions for these small farmers, and the Initial stock must constantly be supplied. Any man who produces birds good enough to take premiums at the fall and winter shows and then advertlsea egga and stock for sale, will meet with little difficulty In disposing of them. Any business, by careful attention and Intelligent management can be made successful and the poultry In dustry Is no exception. With a little careful reading any farmer can leam how to Improve hia stock and profits, and he will soon find that poultry raising Is a very In teresting part of the farm work, aa well aa one which amply repays for the amount of labor and money ex pended. The slow steady growth of a flock of poultry Is more to be desired than a large investment In fancy stock without previous experience. Study lust what line of the poultry business Is best suited to your local environ ment and then get to work and Bee what can be done with the proposl- White Plymouth Rock. tlon. A mongrel hen might, In an oc casional Instance, lay as many eggs aa one that Is pure-bred; but tbe flock will not live up to tbe standard Bet by the pure-bred fowls. Pure Breeds. We keep all the way from 150 to 250 chickens, divided Into six flocks. We prefer a pure breed to a cross or mongrels, says a writer in an ex change. There la more money In them, and a flock uniform 4n color adds very much to the appearance of a farm. Our breeds are Buff Plymouth Rocka and White Leghorns. A Convenient Roost A good roost 1b a 2x4 scantling, placed broadside over two 12-lnch boards. These two boards form a platform which catch the droppings, and these are worth from 75 cents to a dollar a barrel. Do not place the roosts too high, for the hens will Jump, and In so doing will have leg weakness or perhaps bumblefoot PouiTPYNares Young chicks may be kept dry and warm. The early broilers alwaya command the best market Little chicks will not thrive It pen ned in a small enclosure. A hen needs nearly seven times more fresh air In proportion to her sise than does the horse. Selecting the hens according to their laying qualities Is to some poul trymen a hard proposition. Any one keeping poultry must, of courset have houses to protect them from cold or stormy weather. Fowla Intended for market ahould be cooped for a week or two and fed all the rich food they will eat. Pine gravel la not the proper grit for poultry. They want a sharp mate rial with which to grind their food. The Incubator ahould be located In a room where the temperature doea not vary much during the day or night Eggs will become fertile In from four to six days after mating. The effect of mating will continue several months. It Is necessary to feed the breed ing ducks liberally, yet at the same time feed so as to keep them active and healthy. Poultry houses which have cracks In their sides or leaky roofs should be covered with some kind of prepared roofing on both roof and sides. Chicha sheltered from the weather and given plenty of good water will find much of their feed, and prove tbe most profitable crop on the farm. Remember that the early -broods must at all times . have a dry place and roem to exercise when the weath er will not permit them to go outdoors. Tinker, of Coutm, Loved Hit Neigh bor at Himself, but That Wasn't Too Much. Lord Tankcrvlllo, who Is sending his son to an American school, said the other day In New York: 'There are too many Engl Is bin en and English boya aa well who de Telop, In the presence of a lord, a painful and unnatural modesty. Their modesty reminds me of a Tillage tink er. 'This tinker had a rather crusty disposition, and his pastor said to him one day: '"My man, you should love your neighbor as yourself.' " 'Yes, air,' said the tinker. "But the pastor had In mind a nasty black eye that the tinker had given the bricklayer next door, and so be went on: " 'Do you, though, do you, honestly, love your neighbor aa yourself?' "'Yes, sir; oh, yes, sir,' said the tinker; and he added, 'but I'm a mod est man, ye see, and, to tell the truth, I ain't a bit stuck on myself, sir.' " HEALTH FOR THE CHILD. The careful mother, watching close ly the physical peculiarities of her children, soon learns that health Is In a great measure dependent upon nor mal, healthy, regular bowel action. When the bowels are Inactive, loss of appetite, restlessness during sleep, Ir ritability and a dozen and one similar evidences of physical disorder are soon apparent. Keep the bowels free and clear and good health Is assured. At the first sign of constipation give the child a teaspoonful of Dr. Caldwell's Syrup Pepsin at bed time and repeat the dose the following night, if necessary. You will find the child will quickly re cover Its accustomed good spirits, and eat and Bleep normally. Dr. Caldwell's Syrup Pepsin Is far preferable to salts, cathartics and purgative-waters which are harsh In their action. Syrup Pepsin acts on the bowels easily and naturally, yet positively, and causes no griping or discomfort. Its tonic properties build up tbe stomach, liver and bowels, re storing their normal condition. Druggists everywhere sell Dr. Cald well's Syrup Pepsin in 50c and 11.00 bottles. If you have never tried this remedy, send for a sample to Dr. W. B. Caldwell, 201 Washington St.. Mon tlcello. III. He will gladly send a trial bottle without any expense to you whatever. The Very Best Make. In the course of an after-dinner speech In praise of woman, Samuel Untermeyer, tbe New York lawyer, said In Pittsburg: "A commercial traveler remarked the other day to a storekeeper: " 'Make yourself a Christmas pres ent of a cash register. It will keep strict and accurate account of all you receive and all you disburse. It will show what you save and what you squander, what you Bpend foolishly and what you spend wisely, where you should spread out and where you should retrench, what you waste and how you waste It ' "'But,' said the storekeeper. Tve already got a cash register which does all that and more.' " 'Whose make Is It?' asked the salesman, frowning. " 'God's make,' tbe storekeeper re plied; and with a smile at once rev erent and grateful he nodded toward bis handsome wire seated In the cash ier's cage." A Mild Suggestion. "Why," asked the benevolent trust magnate, as he wiped away a furtive tear of regret, "oh, why is the world so down on us?" "Perhaps," suggested his friend, "it Is because you persist in holding It up." Talented. "Dubsley would have a brilliant ca reer on the stage." "Why do you think so?" "He can wiggle his ears and Imi tate a cow to perfection." Constipation causes and aggravates many serious i . It is thoroughly cured by Dr. Pierre's Pleasant Pellets. The favor ite family laxative. When a woman says she believes every word her huaband tells her, H'b dollars to doughnuts that the honey moon la Btill in its Infancy Occasionally a bachelor thinks he will marry a certain girl until he dis covers that she thinks likewise, also It's the contrariness of her sex thut Induces a woman to agree with a man just when be doesn't want her to. Rfd Croim Rag Blue, much better, gee fsrther tlisn liquid blue. Qet from any grocer. A married woman's description of an Ideal man seldom fits her husband. TO Or RE A COLD IW ONE DAT Tskvi LAX ATI VB HUOUO Quinine Tftbltu 1 "inílll i i hi ml tinifi.-i if II falla l.i our, J w. UKUVHYUanstUKltoDoftohboi. a. A woman's Idea of heaven ta a place where every day la a bargain day. Mrs. Whitlow's Soothing Syrup for Children IMthlni. sohns tbf trnss. rMlaes l ti n m m lion, ftWajf pain- cure wind eolia, We bottle. Politics might not be so bad but for some of the people In It. Why suffer under the curse of Dyspepsia wheu QarflcH Ten enn remove it! 'r,L - '- ' - -fñ Offering to bet that you an right Is a poor kind of argument. "A NATION ONCE AGAIN!" Ireland's Hope of Home Rule NATURE, GRACE AND 1 TRAININC. FITTF.n ST. PATRICK TO HIS TASK So Well Accomplished, Ireland Was Known for Centuries as , the "Land of Saints" T. PATRICK says of him self In his confession that he was horn at "Bsnnaven Tabernlae." which Is ex tremely hard to Identify. Some, however, claim that Klrk-Patrlck, near Glasgow, In Scot land, took Us name from St. Patrick. The saint was born about 372; was a captive and a slave of the king of Dalaradla, In Ireland, from 388 to 395; went to Gaul and was there ordained priest; was consecrated bishop and sent to Ireland as missionary in 432, and died at Saul, near Strangford Lough, County Down, Ulster, where many years before he had founded his church, March 17, 465, the day now sacred to his memory. Ireland was then occupied by a great number of petty tribes, most of whom were evangelized by Patrick. So well was the work accomplished that lrala&d was known In subsequent cen turies as the "island of saints and scholars." The method employed was that of dealing cautiously and gently with the old paganism of the people. Tbe chief tains were first won over and then through them their clans. Of St. Patrick himself much that has been related Is fabulous, but bis au tobiographical confession and his epis tle to Corotlcus, both of which are un questionably genuine, reveal a devout, simple minded man, and a most dis creet and energetic missionary. In bis epistle he states that he was of noble birth snd that his father, Calphurnlcus, was a Roman deculro. His Mother, Conchessa, or Conceis, waa the sister of St. Martin of Tours. The family of the saint Is affirmed by the earliest authorities to have belonged to Britain, but whether the term refers to Great Britain or Brit tany or other parts of France Is not ascertained. Some of the quaint stories told In Ireland about St. Patrick would make the traveler Imagine that the saint visited the Island for the benefit of witty guides, or to promote mirth In wet weather. It Is not remarkable that the subject of these stories for 16 centuries, at countless hearths, haa been regarded and Is today honored as tbe greatest man and the greatest ben efactor that ever trod the Irish soil, and considering the versatility of the Irish character, it is not strange that there remalna respecting the saint a vast cycle of legends serious, pathet ic and profound. It could not be otherwise. Such a people could not have forgotten the he roic figure who led them forth In the exodus from the bondage of pagan darkness. In many Instances doubt less has the tale become a tradition, the foliage of an ever active popular Imagination, gathered around the cen tral stem of fact: but the fact re mained. , A large tract of Irish history Is dark; but the time of St. Patrick and the three centuries which succeeded It Is clearly, aa depicted by history, a time of joy. The chronicle Is a song of gratitude and of hope, as befits the story of a nation's conversion to Christianity. The higher legenda, which, how ever, do not profess to keep close to the original sources, except as re gards their spirit and the manners of the time, are found In some ancient Uvea of St. Patrick, the most valu able of which is the "Tripartite Life," ascribed by Colgeu to the century aft er tbe saint's death. The work was lost for many centuries, but two cop ies of It were rediscovered, one of which haa been recently translated by an eminent Irish scholar, Mr. Hen nessy. The miracles, however, recorded In the "Tripartite Ufe" are neither the moat marvelous nor the most Interest ing portion of thst life. ' Whether regarded from the religious or philosophic point of view, few things can be more Instructive than the picture which It delineates of hu- i Nearing Realization at Last man nature In the period of critical transition and the dawning of the re llgion of peace upon a race barbaric, but far, indeed, from savage. That warlike race regarded It doubt less as a notable cruelty when the new faith discouraged an amusement so popular as battle. But In many re spects they were in sympathy with the faith. That race was one of which the affections as well aa the passions retained an unblunted ardor, and when nature Is stronger and less cor rupted It must feel the need of some thing higher than Itself, Its Interpreter and Us supplement. It prized the family ties, like the Germans record ed by Tacitus, and It could but have been drawn to Christianity. Warlike as it was, it was unbounded also In loyalty, generosity, and self-sacrifice; It was not, therefore, untouched by the records of martyrs, tbe princi ples of self-sacrifice, or the doctrine of a great sacrifice. It loved the chil dren and the poor, and St. Patrick made the former the exempllers of the faith and the latter the eminent Inher itors of tbe kingdom. In the main, Institutions and tradi tions of Ireland were favorable to Christianity, and the people received the gospel gladly. It appealed to them and prompted ardent natures to find their rest In spiritual things. It bad created among them an excellent ap preciation of the beautiful, tbe es thetic and the pure. The rapid growth of learning, aa well as piety, in (he three centuries succeeding the conversion of Ireland proved that the country had not been until then without a preparation for the gift. Perhaps nothing human had so large an influence in tbe conversion of the Irish as the personal character St. Patrick. of our apostle. By nature, by grace, and by providential training be had been especially fitted for his task. Everywhere we can trace the might and sweetness that belonged to hla character; the versatile mind, yet the simple heart; tbe varying tact, yet the fixed resolve; the large desire tak ing counsel from all, yet the minute so licitude for each; the fiery zeal, yet the gentle temper; the skill in using means, yet the reliance In God alone; the readiness In action, with a willing ness to wait; the habitual self-possession, yet the outburst of an In spiration, which raised him above him self the abiding consciousness of an authority an authority In him, but not of him, and yet the ever present humility. Above all, there burned In him that boundless love which seems the main constituent of apostolic char acter. It waa love for God ; but It waa love for man also, an Impassioned love, a parental compassion. Wrong and Injustice to the poor he resented aa an injury-to God. A Just man. Indeed, was St. Patrick; with purity of nature like the patri archs; a true pilgrim like Abraham: gentle and forgiving of heart like Moses; a praiseworthy psalmist like David; an emulator of wisdom like Solomon; a chosen vessel for pro claiming truth like the Apostle Paul; a man of grace and of knowledge of the Holy Ghost like the beloved John; a lion In strength and power; a dove In gentlenesa and humility; a servant of labor In the service of Christ; a king In dignity and might, for bind ing and loosening, for liberating and convicting. MOTHER OF LARGE FAMILY Tells How She Keeps Hei Health Happiness For Those Who Take Her Advice. Scottville, Mich.-"I want to tell yorj how much good Lydla E. Pinkham's Veg etaoiecom pound and Sanative Wash have done me. I live on a farm and haveworked very hard. I am forty-five years old, and am the mother of thirteen children. Many people think it strange that I am not broken down with hard work and the care of my fam ily, bat I tell them of my good friend, Lydla E. Pinkham's Vegetable Com pound, and that there will be no back ache and bearing down pains for them If they will take it aa I have. I am scarcely ever without it In the house. "I will say also that I think there Is no better medicine to be found for young girls. My eldest daughter haa taken Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable Com pound for painful periods and irregular ity, and It baa helped her. "I am always ready and willing to peak a good word for Lydla E. Pink ham's Vegetable Compound. I tell every one I meet that I owe my health and happiness to your wonderful medicine." -Mrs. J. Q. Johnson, Scottville, Mich., R.F.D. 8. Lydla E. Pinkham's Vegetable Com pound, made from native roo ta and herbs, containa no narcótica or harmful drugs, and today holds the record of being the most successful remedy for woman's Ills known. Brown'8ÍE25Trocheí NOT 80 FAMILIAR. Carrye Do you love art for art's sake? DaiBy I beg your pardon, but hla name la Arthur. Perversity of Nature. His father waa busy and had cau tioned blm not to ask foolish ques tions, bo he said to the boy when be came into the room; As long as this Isn't a fool question, what Is It?" And this Is what the boy propound ed: "When you've a sore throat, dad, and It hurts you to swallow, why do you want to swallow all the time?" Convincing Argument- A tingle dish of Post Toasties with Cream. Delicious Wholesome Convenient "Tbe Memory Lingers" . Sold by Grocers. Pona Cereal Co, Ltd. Buti.Cmk.rVbk. Sample Im. Jobx I. How A Son. tV,t,iii. Mow n 1 TF UTO Whim R. ('olrman, Kfl I sFM I Xtniun.I)C IkK.ksfrs. lili! I HI fcll I wait nanoom. hmt mult IiiiiMin mi fli Coof h ajrap. Tastes Qood. Usa Q la tlsia. Bold h7 Drolsu. Ef .'1,ii'h:w:iH'1'