THE SPANISH AMERICAN
E. J. H. Roy, Editor.
ROT . . NEW MEXICO.
COMMISSION SAYS RAILROADS
MUST NOT DISCRIMINATE
RATES MADE FOR 8TATE TRAF
FIC MUST BE ACCORDED IN
WtttsrB Mwipapr Union Ntwi Servlc.
Washington. In an opinion made
public recently the Interstate Com
merce Commission established the
far-reaching principle that a railroad
must so adjust Its rates that Justice
will be done between communities re
gardless oí state lines. If a railroad
makes a low rate upon traffic wholly
within a Btate even when forced to do
so by a Btate commission, It must ac
cord the same rate to Interstate traf
fic moving under substantially similar
The principle was laid down by a
vite of four to three. The minority
held that the powers of Congress
were usurped by the majority opinion
and that the remedy for such a situa
tion should be applied through addi
The case practically precipitated a
conflict between federal and state au
thority over the control of Interstate
The opinion of the majority by
Commissioner Lane Is a definite
assertion of the supremacy of
national regulatory authority over
the powers exercised by any state.
It 1b the first time this as
sertion has been made distinctively
by the commission. Chairman Prouty
and Commissioners Clark and Meyer
concurred with Commissioner Lane.
and Commissioners Clements, Har
lan and Mcthord dissented.
A proceeding brought by the Louisi
ana commission placed in issue tho
right of Interstate carriers to discrim
inate in favor of state traffic and
agalnet interstate traffic
"The gravamen of the complaint,"
the opinion says, "Is that the carrier's
defendant make rates out of Dallas
and ether Texas points into eastern
lexas which are much lower than
those which they extend Into Texas
from Shreveport, La.
A rate of sixty cents oarrles first-
class traffic to the westward from Dal
las, a distinct of ICO miles, while the
same rate of sixty cents will carry the
same claBS of traffic only fifty-five
miles into Texas from Shereveport."
The low rate within the state of
Texas was forced upon the railroads
by the Texas railroad commission in
furtherance of a policy to protect and
promote the jobbing interests of Tex
as. The Louisiana commission de
clared that Louisiana was being die
criminated against because of the ex
action of the higher rates from Shreve
port westward and demanded an ad
justment The contentions of Louisiana
were sustained by the commission.
The majority held:
"That If a state by the exercise ef
Its lawful power established rates
which the Interstate carriers make ef
fective upon state traffic, that carrier
does so with the full knowledge that
the federal government requires it to
apply such rates under like conditions
upon interstate traffic. To say that
an Interstate carrier may discriminate
against lntertate commerce because or
the order of a state commission would
be to admit that a state may limit and
prescribe the flow of commerco be
tween the states.
"An Interstate carries must respect
the federal law and if it Is also sub
jected to state law It must respect
that In so far as it can without doing
violence to its obligations under the
Floods Are Feared.
Omaha. Much anxiety la felt over
the probability of floods in the Missou
ri river watershed. Railroads are ex
pecting trouble. Dynamite, with which
to break up possible ice gorges, has
been distributed to various places.
There is more snow on the ground
than for many years at this season.
Mill Strike Is Over.
Boston. The great Lawrence strike
which brought in its train increased
wages for 275,000 textile workers In
New England, has been officially de
clared off at all mills In Lawrence,
having accomplished its purpose In the
opinion of the leaders.
Misses Hawk; Kills His 8on.
Murpbysboro, 111. W. H. Walker, a
farmer living near here, missed a
hawk end shot and killed his eight-
Mexican Rebels Claim Victory.
Jlmenej, Méx. The rebels after
three days of fighting claim victory,
There, are many dead on both sides.
Gen Gonzales Balas, the federal leader,
and late Mexican minister of war, Is
among the wounded. He resigned his
portfolio to take the field.
NEWS TO DATE
CAUQHT FROM THE NETWORK OF
WIRES ROUND ABOUT
DURING THEPAST WEEK
RECORD OF IMPORTANT EVENTS
C0NDEN8EO FOR BUSY
Weattrn NawaoaMr Union Ntwg SOTIc.
Abercromble, fifteen miles from
Wahpeton, N. D., was wiped out by
fire with a loss of 150,000.
peculiar disease has attacked
many horses In the Platteville, Colo.,
vicinity and farmers report losses of
Richard Thlede, aged fifty, and an
old-time miner of Cripple Creek, Colo.,
district, was Instantly killed by an ex
plosion of dynamite.
Kansas fruit prospects have never
been better than they were this year,
according to the secretary of the State
Miss Mary Lonergan, an artist of
Kankakee, 111., obtained a verdict of
125,000 against Dr. Daniel B. Hayden,
a Chicago physician, on the ground of
breach of promise. t
At least thirty-two men were killed,
and parts of their bodies strewn for
blocks around, when a big passenger
engine In the Southern Pacific shops
blew up In San Antonio, Tex. Fifty
persons were Injured. ,
Mrs. Louise Kramer was adjudged
In contempt of court at Seattle, Wash.,
and was sentenced to thirty days' Im
prisonment for refusing to testify
against her Bon, L M. Kramer, on trial
accused of having robbed his mother
of jewelry worth $1,886.
The National Irrigation Congress
will hold Its annual meeting in Salt
Lake City July 22 to July 27, accord
ing to a decision reached by the ex
ecutive committee of the congress. It
is expected that 7,000 delegates will.
attend the congress. 1
Herman L. Roth of New York, Nat
C. Goodwin's personal lawyer, Is In
Denver, It lo reported, to begin suit
in the Federal Court of that city
against Perry A. Clay, editor and pub
lisher of Clay's Review of Denver, for
1100,000 criminal libel.
Of the 116 men at work In the Sans
Bols mine No. 2, when the property
was wiecked by an explosion 107 have
been accounted for. Twenty-six of the
number were rescued alive (one bai
died since), fifty-two bodies have been
recovered and twenty-nine bodies have
Foreign capital, mostly American,
aggregating 1125,000,000 and Invested
In the border Mexican states of Du
rango, Coahuila and Chihuahua, 1b
non-productive and threatened by rea
son of the revolution, according to
information in the possession of El
Enough potash to supply the United
States probably for the next thirty
years has ben discovered by govern
ment scientists In Searles lake, San
Bernardino county. Cal. Estimates of
field men of the Geological Survey
and the bureau of soils Is that the de
posit may amount to tour million tons.
Senator Cummins of Iowa has Intro
duced In the Senate a natlon.wlde
presidential primary bit), the national
primaries to be July 8.
Supervising Architect J. Knox Tay
lor has Informed Gen. George W. Cook
that he would -positively complete the
new federal building In Denver by July
1, 1912 ready to be occupied.
The waste of millions of dollars'
worth of natural gas which Is going
on each year In the petroleum wells
of the country may be stopped soon
by a plan that has just been made
public by the federal bureau of mines.
Briefly, the plan as outlined by oil ex
perts of the bureau Is to take the so
called "wet gas" found In all the oil
fields and obtain from It a liquefied
gas that can be used for Illuminating
purposes. This liquefied gas, which is
a by-product of the natural gas, is
held under high preBsue in steel con
tainers and can be shipped to locali
ties that do not have a gas system.
In this way small towns, hotels and
country estates may have the advan
tage of gas illumination at a fair cost
This gas, it is thought, will also prove
an excellent llluminant for light
houses, lightships and other public
works of a similar nature that must be
located at a distance from a commer
cial supply of gas. '
Dr. A. B. Mitchell, chief of the St.
Paul laboratory of the bureau of chem
istry, has assumed office as a tempo
rary member of the pure food board
In Washington to fill vacancy caused
by resignation of Dr. Harvey W. Wiley.
Qualified or probationary Independ
ence for eight years, from July 4, 1913,
until July 4, 1921 sfter that, full in
dependence for the Filipinos. This is
the pian of the leaders of the Demo
cratic House of Representatives with
respect to the solution of the "Pblllp-
The Topeka Club of the Western
League defeated the Detroit Ameri
cans 14 to It at Shreveport, La.
8am McVey, heavyweight champion
of Australia, easily defeated James
Barry, the Chicago heavyweight. In a
twenty-round contest at Sydney. N. S
In four successive battles. Privat
Cieslinskl, of the Fourth Field artil
lery, has fought himself from obscuri
ty, In Fort Russell. Cheyenne, fistic
affairs, to a reputation which will re
ault In his being a contestant In the
main event of next month's Doling
carnival. Cieslinskl Is to be pitted
against Bobby primes, champion of
the Ninth cavalry, and If he wins will
oe in a position to challen for the
championship of the post
The athletic situation between the
five leading universities In Colorado
was greatly cleared at the annual
meeting of the Intercollegiate confer
ence, when the renresentatlvoa nt
Denver university, Colorado college,
State School of Mines, the Colorado
Agricultural college and the Universi
ty of Colorado agreed to send repre
sentative teams to the spring track
and field meet The meet will be held
on University field at Denver universi
ty Saturday, May 25. In all about 100
athletes will compete and It promises
to be the best contest of Its kind ever
held In Colorado. , .
Tho New Jersey State Senate de
feated a resolution providing for the
right of suffrage for women.
The Spiritualists in New York city
are to build a 1300,000 temple In the
heart of the fashionable Park West
A new crusade against the long hat
pin la being launched In New York
this time by the city's department of
Gen. John W. Noble, who was secre
tary of the Interior in President Har
rison's Csbinet, died in St' Louis re
cently. A gas well struck near Silver Creek,
Is flowing 3,000,000 feet a day. It Is
the biggest gusher ever struck In New
York gas fields.
River men are apprehensive of
floods along the MiBBisslppl river be
cause of the rapid breaking up of ice
and melting of snow.
Demands of the 200,000 miners in
the bituminous coal fields of western
Pennsylvania, Ohio, Indiana and Illi
nois, for a ten per cent, wage increase
in pay nad shorter working hours were
voted down by the operators.
Following J. P. Morgans long so
journ In Egypt this winter, reports
have reached New York to the effect
that he is negotiating for the purchaso
and removal to America of the famous
ruins of the temple of Philae.
Negotiations between the 200,000
miners in the bituminous coal fields'
of western Pennsylvania, Indiana and
Illinois and the operators for an ad
justment of wage differences have
been postponed. Two compromise of-
'erB by the operators were voted down
by the miners.
Sidna Edwards, a tall, rugged moun
taineer of twenty-two, sits calmly In
the darkness of the little brick Jail
In Hillsvllle, Va, the first catch of the
posses that have been scouring the
mountains for those of the Allen gang
who got away after the court house
assassination of March 14.
In a gas explosion caused, It Is be
lieved, by mine settlings, nine persons
were killed and two injured in Dun-
more, near Scranton, Pa. Two families,
comprising two women and seven
children were either blown to pieces
in the explosion or burned In the fire
that followed and destroyed three
The Delaware, Lackawanna & West
ern railroad was found guilty in Unit
ed 8tat6B District Court in Buffalo of
violating the commodities clauBe of
the Hepburn act and was fined 12,000.
The company was Indicted on 20
counts and faced a maximum penalty
of 1100,000, the charge being that It
shipped free from Buffalo to Scranton,
Pa., a quantity of hay to be used In
feeding mules In the mines.
Wage Increases aggregating more
than 110,000,000 will go Into the pock
ets of New England textile workers
during the next twelve months, ac
cording to authoritative estimates of
the result of the present upward trend
of wages in cotton sod woolen mills.
On the basis of an annual payroll of
179,000,000 In the woolen mills, the in
crease there will amount to $5,600,000,
while cotton mill operatives will re
ceive an advance of 15,000,000.
Read Admiral George W. Melville,
U. 8. Navy, retired, died at his home
in Philadelphia of paralysis. He was
national commander of the Loyal Le
gion at the time of his death. Rear
Admiral Melville, who was placed on
the retired list January 10, 1908, was
seventy-two years old. For sixteen
years he was chief of the bureau of
steam engineering In the Navy De
partment, and was a member of both
the Jeannette and the Greeley relief
expeditions to the Arctic Circle.
A tornado struck New Douglas,
Madison county, Illinois, unroofed sev
eral houses, wrecked the Pange flour
mill and broke scores of windows.
Smithboro and Greenville and other
Bmall towns were damagc-d. In Green
ville 125 houses were wrecked.
President Tuft may take a hand In
the coal situation to avert a strike
in the anthracite fields. The President
Is said to be preparing to follow the
precedent established by his predeces
sor and bring pressure to bear on the
anthracite coal operators to make con
cessions In the Interests of peace.
Western Nwppr Union Nwa Barrio.
Calla Good Roads Meeting.
Santa Fe. Gov. McDonald has
called a New Mexico good roads con
ventlon to meet here April 3.
Tax Rate Lowered Ten Per Cent.
Tucumcarl, The county commis
sioners met recently and reduced the
assessment of county taxes from 60
per cent to 50 per cent
Sells Farm for $20,000. '
Clayton. Jack Potter, 'one of the
earliest residents of the county, sold
720 acres of fine alfalfa land to Jim
Wiggins and George Hubbard, both of
Kenton, Okla., for $20,000 cash.
Crops In Mesilla Valley.
Las CruceB. Of the 40,000 acres
under cultivation In the Mesilla, 20,000
are devoted to the production of alfal
fa. It costs about $4 per ton to pro
duce alfalfa and the market price
ranges from $10 to $14. The other
20,000 aerea under cultivation are
planted to various crops. Wheat pro
duces 45 bushels to the acre, and Bells
for 90 cents a bushel. Oats have yield
ed as high as 93 bushels per acre.
Corn is also a heavy producer. It has
been estimated that 9,000 acres are
Lplanted to cereals. Fruit Is rapidly
gaining favor and orchards are being
planted, r everywhere. Apples and
pears are the leading crops, but
grapes, peaches, plums, figs, etc., do
Money for New Highway.
Dcmlng. Messrs. R., C. Hoffman
and V. S. Hlllls have secured the
funds necessary for the building of
eight miles of road, beginning where
the road leading northeast of town
crossed the Santa Fe railroad. The
grubbing is to bé done for $10 per
acre. The amount of grubbing to be
done Is twenty-seven acres. After
grubbing Is finished the use of a grad
er will be brought into use, which
will cost $20 a day. The sand will be
scraped away leaving a hard and solid
roadbed, and this being an east and
west road, the wind will keep It free
from sand. Four culverts will be put
In. Over $600 has been subscribed for
this piece of road, and an effort will
be made to have the county donate
toward the building of this road.
Legislative Committees Announced.
Santa Fe. The first bill of the first
State Legislature of New Mexico was
Introduced by W. H. Chrisman of San
Juan county, In the House. It provides
for an appropriation of $25,000 for the
rebuilding of bridges washed out last
fall In San Juan county.
Speaker Baca announced his com
mittees, the chairmen of the most im
portant being: Finance, Jomes W.
Cheves; Judiciary, W. H. H. Llewel
lyn; railroadB, Tranquilino Labadie;
state affairs! C. H. Hilton; education.
Bias Sanchei; public institutions, W.
E. Blanchard; Irrigation, Miguel
Baca; indebtedness, Charles Downs;
corporations Zacarías Padilla; agricul
ture and manufactures, M. Cordova;
mines, Jay Young; counties, M. P.
Manzanares; Insurance, Marcos C. De
Baca; roads, T. Cooney; banks, A. S.
Goodell; Internal Improvements, T. A.
Gurules; public property, J. P. Lu
cero; library, J. J. Clancy; peniten
tiary, L. R. Montoya; printing, W. H.
Chrisman; capítol, Julian Trujlllo;
military affairs, J. V. Tully; live
stock, Duncan McGillivray; enrolled
bills, O. T. Toombs; rules, J. R. Skid
more; liquor traffic, Prescilliano Mo
reno; elections, A. D. Vargas; public
lands, Charles C. Catron.
Local Sell-Government Wanted.
Albuquerque. The city of Albu
querque, through a special committee
named by the City Council, has, after
careful consideration, bad drawn up a
proposed law to give each city In the
state of over 5,000 population an op
portunity to adopt a charter suited to
Its needs, which will give it complete
Two New Counties Proposed.
Melrose. The Melrose Commercial
Club 1b working hard to get Into shape
Its county seat data. An enthusiastic
meeting was held recently in which a
considerable sum of money was raised
and more was located in placeB where
it can be got at when needed. The
plan Is to establish two new counties
with county seats at Melrose and Fort
Doming postal 8avlngs Bank. .
Doming. Postmaster Pennington
has been officially notified that Dom
ing has been designated as one of the
Postal Savings BankB.
Investigating Bribery Charges.
Santa Fe. The House committee in
vestigating the bribery charges against
Representatives Trujlllo, Lucero, Mon
tosa and Cordova, lost no time In be
ginning work, calling the first wit
ness, Mounted Policeman Apolonio A.
Sena, even before the attorneys of the
defendants bad filed their answer.
Meanwhile the defendants waived
hearing in District Court and their
bail was fixed by Judge Leahy at
$2,000 each, which was promptly furnished.
LITTLE NEW MEXICO ITEMS.
Minor Occurrences of Mors Than Ordl
Weatcra Nawapaper Union Nawe Snrvlee.
Albuquerque la to have an election
East Las Vegas, during the past alx
months, had 51 deaths and only 36
J. P. Alnsworth was fined $50 and
costs at Roswell for giving whisky to
L. K. McGaffey was fined $25 for
permitting his auto to stand on the
streets at Roswell.
The modern sewer system for East
Las Vegas baa been completed at a
total cost of $22,624.12.
A plan Is being pushed to create two
new counties out of parts of Roose
velt, Curry, Quay and Qaudalupe coun
ties. A splendid soaking rain relieved the
unusual dryness which has prevailed
in the 8llver City section during the
past two months. I
In the District Court for Valencia
county, at Los Lumas, Toriblo Grelgo
was indicted for the murder of his
wife at San Rafael.
The body of Dlonlclo Sanchei, of La
Cueva, was found near Azul, San Mig
uel county, in a snowdrift. Death was
caused by the cold.
The women In the Roswell school'
district No. 1 may vote at the coming
school $36,000 bond election, April 9,
if they have registered.
A mass meeting was held In Vaughn
recently lq the interest of a proposed
new county to be carved out of Guad
alupe, with Vaughn as the county'
Among the now enterprises recently
started in the Mesilla valley la the
Dona Ana Fruit Company. The pur
pose of the -company Is to develop a
tract of land near Dona Ana.
Louis Vellstltch, who recently Jump
ed Into the limelight when he broke
the world's record in a two-man bowl
ing contest at the annual American
Bowling Congress at Chicago, rolling
the marvelous score of 280 In a single
game, is a Belen boy, having been
born and reared there.
Natividad Rivera, the 20-year-old
daughter ot Thomas Rivera, met
death In a horrible manner at Hills
boro. The girl was subject to epi
leptic attacks and while suffering from
one ot these she tell Into the open
fireplace, where she was building a
fire, and was fatally burned.
Farming in earnest has once more
commenced in and around Belen. As
a result of a very good winter, the
ground Is now In excellent shape for
every kind of crops, and the agricul
turists and fruit growers are getting
everything Into shape for the season's
Before a crowd of fight fans which
literally packed Elks' theater In Santa
Fe, John Floyd, better known as
"Lefty," an Albuquerque welterweight
of considerable reputation as a boxer,
made short work of Kid Russell, a
much heralded fighter ot El Paso,
knocking Russell out in the first round
ot what was to have been a twenty
Fourteen carloads of assorted lum
ber and several carloads ot lime and
cement have been unloaded In Gallup
and there will probably more arrive
In a short time. This material Is the
property ot the government and will
be transferred overland to the site of
the new government school at Crown
Point about 40 miles northeast of
The orchard irrigation district of
San Juan county, which recently au
thorised the Issue of half a million In
bondB, forfeited the bond of $1,000 It
filed with the Btate Irrigation engineer
and the state treasurer has been asked
to collect on It. The district has been
granted another extension of time and
has awarded the contract for construc
tion of a large Irrigation system on
the San Juan. . .
At Santa Fe Ellas Herrera, who u.
cidentally killed bis sweetheart was
sentenced to two years in the reform.
atory by District Judge Abbott for
manslaughter. Adolfo Quintana waa
Riven two years In the reformatory fni-
burglary. Donaclano Crespin was sent
to tne penitentiary eighteen months
for larceny. Petra C. Quintana and
Pilar Padilla were committed to the
state asylum for the Insane at Las
From all Indications the season of
1912 will yield bountiful crops in the
great MeBllla valley. The alfalfa fields
have been Irrigated and are turning
green. The alfalfa crop Is the larg
est one in the valley, and Is getting an
early start this spring, and the fruit
trees are blossoming. The farmers ot
the Mesilla valley are beginning to
grow a diversity of crops.- For many
years alfalfa, vineyards and wheat
were the staple crops. Some one tried
fruit and made a success. The Mesil
la valley la now known as the "home
of the apple," the "home of the pear,"
and premiums from the county to the
World's fair have been awarded fruit
The latest well brought In Is near
Dexter and owned by M. M. Brunk. It
flows about 1,800 gallons per minute
22 Inches over an 8-inch casing,
having a pressure ofwg pounds, and
Is 934 feet deep.
The City Council of East Las Vegas
has drafted the budget for the coming
year, entailing total disbursements of
$15,630, of which $3,000 Is tor Interest,
$2,000 for street lighting, $2,600 for
water, $1,000 for park and library,
$4,500 for salaries and $2,600 for con
SEE bow mo oh bettor It
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SEE noW nooh mort anl
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As " ' "ADt BY THE 1 V
W. N. U. DENVER, NO, 13-1912.
Horan Is O'Brien a good bluffer?
Doran No; whenever he geta ft
sphade he spits on bis hands.
No End to His Bsd Luck.
John D. Snoop at an Anti-Clgarett
league banquet, explained his feelings
in the story ot the colored man.
"How are you getting along, Laz
arus?" asked his msster, Interestedly.
"I gets along poorly," replied Laz
arus, who complained of hlB mlsfor
tune at length. "Master John, I has
such bad luck," saya he. "that when 1
dies and Is laid away In the tomb and
the good Lord aays to me, 'Lazarus,
come forth,' I know I Is sho to com
It a can Is honest he doesn't have to
use a megaphone to advertise the
Served direct from pack
age with cream.
"The Memory Lingere"
Sold by Crocen.
(Pom Cm1 CamMitr. LUnd
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